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RASHTRAPATI BHAVAN 
LIBRARY 



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B,e,g. No - 
Cl<xs. No. 





A CALENDAR OF 


THE COURT MINUTES 

ETC. OF THE 

EAST INDIA COMPANY 

1677— 1679 

BY 

ETHEL BRUCE SAINSBURY,M.B.E.,F.R.Hist.S. 


WITH AN INTRODUCTION AND NOTES BY 

W. T. OTTEWILL, O.B.E. 


PUBLISHED UNDER THE PATRONAGE OF HIS MAJESTY’S 
SECRETARY OF STATE FOR INDIA 


OXFORD 

AT THE CLARENDON PRESS 
1938 



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X* XT B I-I SHE R TCO THE XT IT I V E R S X T 


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INTRODUCTION 

One of the main problems that confronted the Company at home 
during the greater part of the period covered by this instalment was what 
steps should be taken to ensure the safety of their ships. France and 
Holland were stiU at war, and even after peace between the two nations 
had been concluded by the treaty of Nimeguen (August lo, 1678) com- 
manders were ordered to keep their ships in a 'good posture of defence' 
because of the ' troublesome times In July 1679, however, the Court in- 
formed the President and Council at Surat that ' at present thanks be to 
God we are at peace with all nations, though we know not how long we 
may so continue. The Turkish pirates only cease not to molest us by sea, 
and three of them were supposed to be in the Channel and met with our 
two ships but it proving a strong gale of wind, they came not near each 
other so that this causes us to renew our orders that you give strict 
charge to our commanders to maintain their consortship and to be upon 
their guard especially when they come near and into our Channel and so 
committing you and our affairs to the guidance and protection of the 
Almighty/* The letters from Surat and Bantam received in 1677-8 were 
discouraging to the Company's trade. Surat had been menaced by 
Sivaji. Trade there had been lowered by the depreciation of bullion, and 
European goods had been sold at a loss.^ Trade at Bantam had been 
suspended, owing to disputes between the Agent and Council,^ 

In the spring of 1677 the approach of the annual election of Governor, 
Deputy Governor, and Committees called attention to an important 
question of procedure which had been raised at the 1676 election. This 
was whether the existing practice of allowing the members of the Com- 
pany to send in their votes in writing was valid, seeing that the charter 
laid down that the election was to be made by the voters actually pre- 
sent. A Committee had been appointed to consider the point, but had 
not arrived at any conclusion.^ However, at a general meeting held on 
March 9, 1677, the Deputy Governor, who presided, informed the 
Generality that the opinion of Counsel had been taken, and that in 
accordance therewith at the forthcoming election only the votes of 

* Letter Books, vol. vi, p. 93. 

® Letters from the Presidency of Surat to the Court, September 22, 1676, and January 
22 and February 18, 1677 (O.C.’s 4244, 4258, 4267). 

3 Letter from the Council at Bantam, January 30, 1678 (O.C. 4333). 

•* See 1674-6 volume, p. 301. 



IV 


INTRODUCTION 


adventurers present at the General Court called for the purpose would 
count. Widows were allowed to bring in their votes, but not minors 
(p. 25). Sir William Thomson and Sir James Edwards were again 
elected Governor and Deputy respectively in April 1677, and were fol- 
lowed in these positions by Sir Nathaniel Heme and Major Robert 
Thomson in the two ensuing years. Sir William Thomson was chosen 
Governor in the place of Sir Nathaniel Heme, who died in August 
1679* (pp. 40, 175, 267, 290). 

On March 9, 1677, the Generality were informed that a dividend of 
20 per cent would be allowed to adventurers in payment for goods 
bought at the ensuing sale, and to others as money came in. A proposal 
that a further dividend of ^ per cent be distributed in ginghams (unsale- 
able at the candle) was considered on several occasions in the spring of 
1678 and finally adopted (pp. 142-3, 172). On April 15, 1679, it was 
resolved to acquaint the adventurers at the next General Court that the 
Court of Committees hoped ('God willing*) to issue a dividend after the 
next sale, if the ships expected from the Indies arrived in safety 
(pp. 267-8). A dividend of 20 per cent was allowed in the following 
August (pp. 288, 291). Towards the end of September it was resolved 
that a further dividend of 20 per cent be made — 10 per cent to be pay- 
able on October i to those who had bought goods at the last sale, the 
remaining 10 per cent to be payable on March 31, 1680 (p. 296). This 
decision was communicated to the Generality on October i, when they 
were told that it had 'pleased the Lord to give a good success to their 
affairs'. At the same time they were informed that to lessen the 
'eating charge' of the Company's great debt, it had been decided to 
reduce the interest on loan money from 5 to 4 per cent (p. 299). This 
question had been under consideration on several occasions, and per- 
haps we may infer that Sir Josia Child played a prominent part in 
persuading the Court of Committees to agree to this course of action. 

A month before the election of the Governor, Deputy, and Committees 

^ ‘And as upon this occasion, we have great cause humbly and thankfully to acknow- 
ledge God‘s great goodness and favourable providence towards us in the prospering of our 
affairs hitherto, so we have on the other hand lately had a sad occasion to lament the loss 
of a very worthy eminent person among us. Sir Nathaniel Heme, our late Governor, who 
departed this life (after 6 days* sickness) on the i6th August past, which is not only a 
particular, but a public loss. God in mercy make up our breaches and prepare us all for 
change that sooper or later will befall us* (Extract from Court*s letter to the President and 
Council at Surat, September 29, 1679. Letter Books^ vol. vi, p. 97). According to William 
Maitland’s History of London, vol. ii, p. 1162, Sir Nathaniel Heme was buried in St, 
Olave’s Jewry Churchyard. The date of his death is given as August 10, 1679, The re- 
mains from St. Olave’s Jewry, including Sir Nathaniel Heme’s, were transferred to Ilford 
cemetery in 1889. 



INTRODUCTION 


V 


in April 1677 the Generality resolved that £3,000 should be divided 
among the several Committees according to their attendance since 
April 17, 1674, up to the next election, and that each Governor and 
Deputy should be allowed respectively £200 and £100 a year for the like 
time. In the following year the Governor and Deputy were allowed 
respectively £200 and £100, and £1,000 was distributed among the Com- 
mittees. On September 3, 1679, it was resolved to distribute £1,000 
amongst the Committees according to their attendance during the year 
ended April 19, and that £200 be allowed to the late Governor, Sir 
Nathaniel Heme, and £100 to the Deputy for the same time (pp. 25, 

175, 291). 

In accordance with the plan adopted in 1665/ by which valuations 
of the Joint Stock were to be made every seven years or sooner, a 
valuation of the General Joint Stock, as on June i, 1678, was presented 
in August. It showed stock and debts owing to the Company amounting 
to £1,511,619 ; on the other side debts of £713,578 owing to several per- 
sons, leaving a balance of £798,041, as compared with £608,838 on April 
30, 1671.^ In addition, the Company’s possessions and privileges were 
valued at £216,483, including £60,000 for Bombay Island, with the 
Fort and new buildings on it, £20,000 for the revenues and privileges in 
Persia, and £10,000 for the Island of St. Helena, its prospective value 
and stores. 'Doubtful bad and desperate debts’ due to the Company 
were estimated at £97,172 (pp. 201, 338-40). As regards 'desperate’ 
debts, the Court had ordered previously that a list of the names of the 
debtors and of the sums owing by them should be drawn up in a table 
and fixed in some convenient place in the Accountant’s Office for all to 
read, and, 'peradventure heare of some of them that shall hereafter 
become solvent ’ (p. 189). In March 1679 ^ report concerning the Com- 
pany’s financial affairs at home was read in Court. It disclosed that the 
Company’s debt and engagements amounted to above £216,000 more 
than their effects came to, so that, according to a computation made by 
the Accountant-General, at least £100,000 of the transient bills would 
have to be left unpaid to enable them to discharge their necessary dis- 
bursements without taking up new money at interest (pp. 258-9). 

In January 1678 the Lord High Treasurer informed the Governor 
that the King’s affairs required more than an ordinary supply of money 
for such preparations for the Navy as were necessary to be made at the 
time, and asked that the Company would again assist His Majesty, who 
^ See 1664-7 volume, p. 133, note. ^ See 1671-3 volume, p. iv. 



VI 


INTRODUCTION 


desired an advance of £ 30,000 and what quantity of saltpetre they had 
in store, on security of their customs. The Generality were informed by 
the Governor accordingly, and that the Court of Committees were 
anxious to avoid the frequent lending of money because of the Com- 
pany's great debt, yet as the money was to be applied for the use of the 
Navy, whose assistance the Company might have occasion for in 'these 
troublous times', they proposed that £20,000 instead of £30,000 be 
advanced to the King. By a majority of votes it was decided that the 
Court of Committees be authorized to appoint persons to contract with 
those appointed by His Majesty for the saltpetre at a certain rate. The 
proposal that £20,000 instead of £30,000 be lent to the King was also 
put to the ballot, and passed in the affirmative (pp. 134-7). October 
1678 the Lord High Treasurer informed the Governor of the King's 
desire for a further loan. His Majesty remembered with what affection 
and readiness they had complied with his previous request, and doubted 
not that he could count on their cheerful assistance in suppl5dng him 
with an advance of £30,000 and saltpetre to the value of £20,000 on 
security of their customs. The Lord High Treasmer hoped that the 
'imsatisfied remainder' of the last loan would be no obstruction to this, 
considering how very acceptable and seasonable a service it would be to 
His Majesty, who desired that the Company should be informed that no 
further loan would be desired from them till this had been repaid. The 
Court of Committees thought that compliance with the King's wishes 
would be of service to the Company, inasmuch as His Majesty had been 
graciously pleased to promote their welfare upon all occasions by 
granting them convoys, &c., and the saltpetre was to be employed for 
the defence of the Kingdom. The questions of the loan and the supply 
of saltpetre were put to the ballot at a General Court and passed in the 
affirmative (pp. 213-15). In June 1679 the Court of Committees were 
informed by the Governor that the Commissioners of the Treasury 
desired the Company to advance £25,000 to the King on security of some 
tin valued at £30,000. After a 'full and serious' debate the Committees 
resolved unanimously that the Governor should wait on the Commis- 
sioners, and tell them that the Court ever had been, and would always 
be, ready to serve the King's occasions when they could do so without 
prejudice to the Company's affairs. The Company were, however, 'un- 
der a very great debt of above £600,000 ' ; the times were ' So uncertain 
it makes people jealous [i.e. suspicious], insomuch that our creditors 
come very fast on us for money, which necessitates the Company to 



INTRODUCTION vii 

take up new money of the adventurers and their relations daily, to 
satisfy such as call for old and that the Court could do nothing without 
the consent of the Generality, who had been only prevailed upon to 
consent to the last loan upon being told that the Lord Treasurer had, 
by His Majesty *s command, assured them that the Company would not 
be desired to lend any more money until they had been repaid what was 
owing (p. 277). On March 8, 1678, a letter from the principal Secretary 
of State asking that two Portuguese gentlemen might be granted a 
passage in the Company’s shipping for India, was read, and Sir John 
Banks was desired to inform him of the Court’s debate on the subject. 
A few days later, Sir Joseph Williamson wrote to the Governor, by 
command of the King. His Majesty knew how inconvenient it might be 
to the Company if persons other than their servants were to have pas- 
sage in their ships. The Governor would remember how much the Kmg 
had heretofore supported the Company on this point against very 
pressing and powerful solicitations. This was a case, however, in which 
the Queen had concerned herself, and as the men were certainly not 
merchants or dealers in any kind of trade, His Majesty would be very 
glad if her desire were complied with, this being but a single case, which 
he would not allow to be drawn into precedent for the future to the 
prejudice of the Company (pp. 156-7). 

In September 1677 the Court, after a long debate, resolved that no 
abatement in the freight of the ships to be employed for the Indies 
should be made in the season 1677-8 (p. 83). Thirteen ships were dis- 
patched. The Phoenix and Expectation left for Bantam in November. 
The Lancaster sailed for Bantam, in company with the Williamson,^ 
Nathaniel, and Society for Madras and Bengal, and the Falcon for Bengal 
in January 1678. The Berkeley Castle departed for Bantam m February, 
followed by the Eagle and Johanna for Bantam, in company with the 
Sampson, President, and the Unicorn for Surat, in March.^ The total 
value of the ships’ cargoes (those of the Phoenix, Expectation, and 
Lancaster excepted) amounted to £369,190.^ The Phoenix, was cast 
away on the rocks of SciUy, January ii, 1680, on her return voyage.'* 
Eight ships were dispatched in the season 1678-9. The Loyal Subject 
sailed for Bantam in December 1678 ; the Golden Fleece, Success, and 
the George for Madras and Bengal in January 1679, followed by the 
Bengal Merchant, Anne, and the New London for Surat in March. The 


* Newly built ship. 
3 Lettef Books, 


Marine Miscellaneous (I.O.) voL 504 a. 
♦ Letter Books, voL vi, p. 161, 



INTRODUCTION 


viii 

Caesar left for Bantam in May.^ The ships carried cargoes amounting in 
value to £394,276.^ The outgoing ships of the season 1679-80 num- 
bered ten.^ They carried cargoes amounting in value to ^^461,759.'^ 

Other items of interest as regards shipping affairs may be mentioned. 
On pages 117-18 will be found rules regarding the number of apprentices 
to be taken to sea by commanders, chief mates, gunners, boatswains, 
carpenters, and surgeons in the Company’s service. The Court of Com- 
mittees had learned that commanders and officers had lately taken 
many apprentices, so lessening the number of serviceable men and 
endangering their ships and the property of the Company. Lists of the 
seamen, young men, and boys were to be delivered to the Shipping 
Committee when the ships cleared from Gravesend. The ships’ com- 
panies were to be mustered in the Downs, so that the lists might be 
checked and signed by the Surveyor of Shipping and eventually re- 
turned to the Shipping Committee. Commanders were to see that their 
apprentices were well instructed in the mariner’s art during the voyage 
and no one was to be entertained 'under the notion of a purser’s mate or 
any other pretence’. Apprentices were not to be under sixteen years of 
age. The Surveyor of Shipping was to ensure that men, not under the 
age of twenty-four, entertained as first and second mates, were able 
mariners and experienced in navigation. Later, the Court ordered that 
only men of good deportment who had been examined as to their 
knowledge of navigation were to be employed as first and second mates. 
Owners of ships were to supply the Court with the names of the com- 
manders, and of the first, second, and third mates whom they proposed 
to employ for the voyage, the mates to be listed according to seniority 
to succeed in case of the death of the commanders (pp. 206, 210, 218) . 
The Shipping Committee were desired to draft standing rules to ensure 
that seamen did not expend more than one-third of their wages in liquor, 
tobacco, clothes, or other necessaries, and that officers did not take 
above 50 per cent on any liquor or goods sold by them to seamen upon 
pain of dismissal from the Company’s service (p. 62). The Committee 
for Private Trade were asked to consider whether it was consistent with 
the interest of the Company that one of their surveyors should continue 
to seU brandy and other liquors to officers and seamen of ships employed 

* Marine Miscellaneous (I.O,), vol. 504 a. ^ Letter Books, vol. vi. 

3 For Bantam: Falcon, Society, and Nathaniel. 

For Madras and Bengal: Eagle, Sampson, Berkeley Castle, and President. 

For Sturat: Williamson, Lancaster, Johanna. See Marine Miscellaneous (I.O.) vol. 

504 ^ Letter Books, yol. v. 



INTRODUCTION 


IX 


in the Company’s service (p. 177). On p. 206 will be found a reference to 
a mutiny in the New London on her homeward voyage. Apparently the 
Court were not satisfied that the commander and o£&cers were blameless 
in the matter (although they directed the owners of the ship, with the 
Deputy Governor and others, to consider what steps should be taken 
to punish the mutineers), inasmuch as the Shipping Committee were 
desired to ascertain how men employed in the ships returned from the 
Indies had been treated by the commanders (p. 209). Complaints 
having been made that owners of ships had not given the mariners one 
nionth’s pay in six, as agreed in charterparty, the Pa3master of the 
Mariners was directed to call on them for payment sis it became due 
(p. 243). Subsequently, it was ordered that if the owners refused to 
allow their officers and men to be paid in the Pa37master’s room in the 
East India House, their ships were to be no longer employed in the 
Company’s service, and commsmders failing to register the amounts 
advanced to the seamen were to be dismissed the service and not again 
employed. A copy of the rules and instructions was to be put up in the 
Paymaster's Office and in the steerage of every ship (pp. 278-9). The 
Court adhered to their former rule to employ no three-decked ship after 
she had 'reigned sixteen years’ (p. 43). On October 31, 1679, was 
resolved that the Company’s ships should leave Madras and Surat for 
England each year on January 20 (p. 308). The commander of the 
Berkeley Castle was ordered to discharge and put ashore six 'straingers' 
and entertain subjects of the King in their stead, and to make up his 
complement of beer, which the Court of Committees understood was 
ten tuns short of the usual proportion and might prove prejudicial to 
the seamen during the voyage (p, 327). On information that several 
persons, under the guise of seamen, had gone yearly to the Indies in the 
Company’s ships and returned, and so managed a private trade for 
themselves and others to the Company’s great prejudice, the Committee 
for Private Trade were desired to see how this abuse might be prevented, 
and that no persons were shipped out or home except those who were 
really seamen and actually performed the duties of seamen (p. 313). 

On February 15, 1678, it was resolved that on the death or removal 
of Thomas Rolt, appointed to succeed Gerald Aimgier as President at 
Surat, Caesar Chamberlain was to succeed him, and that a commission 
be drawn up empowering Rolt to be Governor of the Port and Island 
of Bombay (p. 147).^ On March 5, 1679, the Court of Committees, on 

^ See also pp. 156, 158, as regards the Commission. 



X 


INTRODUCTION 


consideration of the smallness of the investments made on the Com- 
pany's account at Surat, caused by the ‘continual wars engaged in by 
the adjacent countries', ordered that the Surat Presidency was to be 
reduced to the rank of an Agency, after the death or removal of Presi- 
dent Thomas Rolt,^ and that ail salaries, charges, and expenses were 
to be diminished accordingly (p. 253). 

The Company, having received letters from Madras and Bengal dis- 
closing ‘great disorders' amongst their servants, and that a great quan- 
tity of English goods remained on hand there, referred the matter to 
the Coast and Bay Committee (pp. 74-5, 95-6). After consideration of 
their report, the Court of Committees resolved that the factory at 
Masulipatam (subordinate to Madras) should be continued for the en- 
suing year. George Chamberlain,^ factor at Masulipatam, and others 
were to be dismissed and sent home, with Uberty, however, to stay for 
twelve months to recover their debts, if they cared to do so ; this course 
to be followed with all of the Company's servants found to be xmf aithful 
to the trust reposed in them (pp. 106, no). Richard Mohun,* formerly 
Chief at Masulipatam, having acknowledged his misdeeds (see precedmg 
volume, p. xxvi) was readmitted into the Company's service and told 
that some employment would be given him withm the Madras Agency 
(but not at Masulipatam and the factories subordinate thereto), as the 
Agent and Council should best judge and where he would be most 
serviceable (pp. iio-ii, 120). Certam Committees were desired to con- 
sider what powers were necessary to be obtained by a charter for the 
trial of criminal causes at Madras, and the subordinate factories, and 
for sending home persons of English nationality remaining in India con- 
trary to the Company's charter, or what else might conduce to the good 
government of their factories there. Subsequently the Company's 
solicitor was directed to wait on the Attorney-General with regard to 
the clause in the Company’s charter relative to the trial of criminal 
causes by the Governor, Agents, and Chiefs in India (pp. 95, 107). There 
seems to be some connexion between these orders and the request from 
the Madras Agency for power to proceed to the trial of Manoel Brandon 
de Lima and William Gilbert, inhabitants of Madras, ^ accused of 

* Rolt assumed office on the death of Gerald Aungier, June 30, 1677. Aungier proposed 
to the Court of Directors (February 3, 1672)* to make Bombay their head-quarters in 
India, and the permanent seat of their President. 

♦ O.C. (I.O.), 3624. 

2 For further information regarding George Chamberlain and Richard Mohun see The 
Dianes of Sireynsham Master^ 1675-80, 

3 Letter from the Madras Agency to the Company^ August 6, 1676 (extract) — ‘Here has 



INTRODUCTION 


xi 


murder. Although the Company were advised that they had power to 
proceed to the trial of the men, they thought it their duty to apply to 
the King for his ‘allowance and approbation", because of late years 
there had been only one precedent in a matter of this kind. This was 
granted by a Royal Commission to the Madras Agency, directing them 
to proceed to the trial of the two men, and to cause them to be executed 
if found guilty. Gilbert was found, guilty of manslaughter, but only in 
self defence. De Lima was found guilty, and condemned to death, but, 
on appealing to the King, was sent to England and imprisoned in New- 
gate. The Company were ordered to show why he was not capable of 
His Majesty^s mercy and to give their reasons for the limitation of some 
appeals in criminal causes — ‘His Majesty declaring his inclination to 
favour them in that particular if they shall desire the same." Mathew 
Mainwaring, Member of Council at Masulipatam, who had been sus- 
pended on the plea of misgovemment, arrived home in 1679, to lay his 
case before the Court of Committees. Meantime, the Court had desig- 
nated him to be Chief at that place. After several debates he was re- 
admitted into the Company’s service as Second in Council at Hugh. 
Later, he was called upon to answer the charge of having caused the 
deaths of two men — ^Robert Crawley, a factor at Masulipatam, and an 
Indian servant. After several debates the Court decided to revoke his 
appointment as Second at Hugh, to confirm his dismissal, and to order 
an inquiry to be made at Madras, to which place Mainwaring was per- 
mitted to go in one of the Company’s ships, in order to settle his affairs 
and to clear himself of complicity in Crawley’s death (pp. 232-3, 239-40, 
289, 290, 295-6, 304).^ Ralph Ord was elected schoolmaster at Madras 
at a salary of £30 a year, with accommodation for diet and lodging, 
for teaching the children and youths to read English, write and cipher, 
and instructing them, by catechizing, in the principles of the Protestant 
religion, with liberty to teach the Latin tongue to such as the parents 
wished and to receive reasonable payment for this (pp. 106, 115, 120). 

happened a murder by a Portuguese inhabitant, Manoel Brandon de Lima, upon a black 
Christian in his service (but no slave) by him killed with seventeen wounds of a dagger in 
his own house the 19 Oct., as particulars herewith, whom we have in safe custody against 
you send us out a sufficient power to proceed against both him and the Englishman ad- 
vised in our last. It is not unlike that the former’s countr3mien, who, as the Spaniards and 
Italians, are usually more tender of the survivor than of the consequence, may solicit at 
home, as well here, to get him to be sent either to England or to Goa; which, if so com- 
manded, we must obey, but our judgments are to have the example made here by fair 
trial upon the place, for which reason we keep the said Englishman also. . . . ’ (O.C. 4.^i5)» 

^ See The Diaries of Streynsham Master, 1675-80, pp. 72-3, for further information 
regarding Mainwaring and Crawley, and Love’s Vestiges of Old Madras, voL i, p. 407, as 
regards Gilbert.' 



INTRODUCTION 


xii 

Primers, psalters and testaments to the value of £5, a copy of Culpeper’s 
Dispensatory, and forty of the books (? Dictionaries) of Elisha Coles 
were entrusted to his charge (pp. 128, 132). Plate and other thing s for 
the Company’s table, and for the use and ornament of St. Mary’s 
Church were sent to Madras (p. 286). Twenty soldiers were entertained 
to serve at Madras, in pursuance of the policy that the Fort garrison 
should wholly consist of English (p. 227). The commanders of the out- 
going ships consigned to Madras and Bengal were ordered to take in at 
Johanna whatever large stones they could procure and conveniently 
stow for repairing the fortifications at Madras and the wharf there 
against the violence of the sea (pp. 116, 130). 

It will be remembered that the King’s Letters Patent of October 5, 
1676, empowered the Company to coin rupees, pices, and other coins 
at Bombay.* In February 1677 the Surat Committee were directed to 
confer with ‘Esq. Slingsby’ about stamps for coining rupees, pices, and 
budgrokes, &c., and to give directions for the preparation of such 
stamps with all convenient speed. At the same time. Ion Kenn, assis- 
tant to the Cashier, was directed to make a table of aU coins, weights, 
and measures used in India, and reduce them to the English standard. 
A few days later, Slingsby ddivered to the Court a design of a s tamp 
for a rupee,* which the King had seen and approved of the night before ; 
but as it was impossible to procure the stamps for the engraving before 
the departure of the ships of the season, the Court directed the Surat 
Committee to meet Slingsby, and to agree with some able person to 
prepare the necessary stamps for coining rupees and pices in readiness 
for them to be sent to Bombay by the riiips of the ensuing season. In 
January 1678 the Surat Committee were desired to give directions for 
forty stamps for coining rupees ‘ according to the draft ’ approved by the 
King, who left to the Court of Committees the question whether or not 
any inscription should be put on the edge of the coins. The ‘engines, 
diesandothernecessaries’suppliedbyGeorge Bowers, costing £126, were 
sent to Bombay in the following March* (pp. 14, 18, 42, 138, 141-^2, 168). 

^ See preceding volume, pp. xiii, 357. 

® Bearing the inscription *The Rupee of Bombain*, with two roses underneath, and, in 
the counterpart ‘1677 by authority of Charles the Second*; and on the other side His 
Majesty’s anns, and, in the counterpart ‘King of Great Britain, France and Ireland*. For 
an illustration of this rupee, presumably minted in England, before the stamps were sent 
to Bombay in March 1678, see The English Factories in India, p. 182. The speci- 

men of the Bombay rupee of 1678 in the British Museum has no inscription on the edge 
(Information supplied by Mr. John Allan, Keeper of Coins and Medals). 

3 Company’s letter to the Deputy Governor and Council at Bombay, March 15, 1678 
{LeUet Boohs, vol. v, p. 552). 



INTRODUCTION 


xiii 


The Company's petition to the King begging that he would cause the 
right and extent of his dominions in Bombay to be examined (see pre- 
ceding volume, pp. xii, 275-8) was referred to the Lords Committees 
for Foreign Affairs, who asked the Company to Tay their thoughts and 
desires before them' (pp, 3, 5). In February 1677 the Portuguese Am- 
bassador presented a memorial to the King, in which it was alleged that 
Alvaro Perez de Tavora (see preceding volume, p. xii) and other Portu- 
guese inhabitants of Bombay had been unjustly treated by the Gover- 
nor, contrary to article XI of the Treaty between England and Portugal 
of June 23, 1661, whereby the Island of Bombay was ceded to King 
Charles. The Ambassador solicited reparation for these 'acts of 
violence', and prayed that one of the King's ministers be appointed to 
confer with him as to the bounds of the 'two islands, Bombay and 
Mahim', so that an agreement might be arrived at as to the extent of the 
dominions of the two crowns in India (pp. 13--14). It will be remembered 
that Humphrey Cooke, Governor of Bombay, sent a detachment to take 
possession of Mahim and its dependencies in March 1665, notwithstand- 
ing that these territories had not been included in the agreement of 
delivery (repudiated by King Charles, in his letter, to the Viceroy of 
Goa, March 10, 1677), defining the limits of the ceded territory, signed 
by him and the Portuguese commissioners in the previous month. As 
regards the Company’s petition, the Lords Committees reported to the 
King that, in their opinion, some intimation ought to be given to the 
Viceroy of Goa of his intention to make representations on the subject 
to the Prince Regent of Portugal, and of his command that the Com- 
pany should refuse payment of the customs demanded by the Portu- 
guese ofiicials at Thana and Karanja. On reading the Committees' 
report, the Company begged that a clause be added to the proposed 
letter to the Viceroy, requesting him to countermand the prohibition of 
the grant of passes to Surat junks going to Gombroon (see preceding 
volume, pp. xiv-xv). The King was pleased to approve of this, and 
commanded Secretary Coventry to see that it was added accordingly 
(pp. 20-1). The King's letter to the Viceroy (in Latin) will be found on 
pp. 25-S.^ On July 3, 1677, the Secretary to the Lords Committees for 
Trade and Plantations asked the Company to prepare an answer to the 
Portuguese Ambassador's memorial, mentioned above, whereupon the 
Surat Committee were directed by the Court to wait on Their Lord- 

^ For a translation see Dr. Shafaat Ahmad Khan’s AngJo-Portuguesfi Negotiations relat- 
ing to Bombay^ x 66 o^y, pp. 483-4. 



XIV 


INTRODUCTION 


ships and give them a copy of the Company's memorial submitted in 
February, together with a copy of the King's Order in Council directing 
Alvaro Perez de Tavora to apply for redress to the Courts of Judicature 
at Bombay (pp. 58-9). Subsequently, order was given for a narrative 
of the proceedings of the Captain-General of the Portuguese at Bassein 
against the English at Bombay, mentioned in advices lately received 
from Surat, to be presented to the Lords Committees (p. 60). The nar- 
rative related to another broil with the Portuguese, which is dealt with 
at length in The English Factories in India, i 6 yo-y. Briefly, the 
Captain-General demanded the surrender of a vessel that had run into 
the Port of Bombay for protection against a Portuguese frigate, and 
also the surrender of Mahim. The Lords Committees informed the 
Company that they would not only ask the King to expostulate most 
earnestly with the Prince Regent of Portugal about the insolent be- 
haviour of the Portuguese, and the murder of Sergeant Sutherland,* 
but also to require him to give positive orders to his ofiicers in India 
not to exact any dues from the Enghsh within the port of Bombay, nor 
on their ships passing Thana and Karanja to the neighbouring coun- 
tries, for if this practice were continued the King would be obliged to 
direct his subjects to levy upon the Portuguese equal customs for trad- 
ing and passing those waters, as the Viceroy of Goa had been informed 
(p. 61) . In response to a further request for an answer to the Portuguese 
Ambassador's memorial (p. 63), the Company replied they conceived 
that they were expected to answer in justification of their management 
of Bombay rather than they ‘should distinguish between Bombay and 
Mahim, both which they had received as one and the same island and 
dominion from His Majesty, and hope never to let goe either of them, 
to any power on earth, unless to the same hand that gave it'. They 
heartily wished that as the Ambassador very justly desired the preserva- 
tion to the Portuguese inhabitants of Bombay of their lands and privi- 
leges in accordance with the treaty, so also the treaty should be observed 
by the Portuguese in their allegiance to those to whom it was due. 
Alvaro Perez de Tavora and other persons mentioned m the memorial 
ought to appeal to their own proper sovereign for justice and not deprive 
His Majesty of that right by first filling Portugal with ungrounded com- 
plaints, which might disturb the good correspondence that there ought 
to be between the two nations, and more than an5rthing else produce 
the dangers mentioned in the memorial (pp. 78-9). The upshot of the 

* See English Factories in India, i 6 yo-^y, pp. 146-^?. ■ 



INTRODUCTION 


XV 


deliberations of the Lords Committees for Trade and Plantations on the 
Company's memorial was that, on their recommendation, the King sent 
a letter to the Prince Regent of Portugal, informing him that he wished 
full and ample power be sent by the Prince to his Ambassador in Lon- 
don, for the better 'clearing up' of article XI of the treaty, and of his 
desire that speedy orders be given to the Viceroy of Goa to put a stop 
immediately to the imposition of tolls and taxes on the King's subjects, 
as they traded and passed in boats, in the open streams, by the forts of 
Thana and Karanja, on their way to the territories of the Great Mughal 
and Sivaji (pp. 102, 112-13). This letter, under cover of a letter from 
Secretary Coventry, was entrusted to the Company for delivery to 
Parry, British Envoy to Portugal. They availed themselves of the 
opportimity to ask him to 'prosecute that business to a full effect in the 
asserting of our rights as to what wee possesse' and to give them an 
account of what had been done therein. The accomplishment of their 
desires would be gratefully acknowledged (p. 122). Four months later. 
Parry wrote to the Governor. He had pressed the Prince Regent to 
empower the Portuguese Ambassador in England to settle the whole 
affair. The business had been three months before the Council for 
Foreign Plantations, time enough, one would think, for it to give a very 
full and particular report, and for the Prince to give a satisfactory 
answer to the King's letter. Instead of the Portuguese giving the King 
satisfaction for the injuries done to his subjects in Bombay, they seemed 
to expect satisfaction for injuries done to them. They looked for some 
concessions from the King, such as the delivery of Mahim, which. Parry 
understood, was to be again demanded. He had done all in his power, 
and had received a final answer (p. 178). A few days afterwards, the 
Lords Committees desired Secretary Coventry to send to Parry a paper 
received from the Company, in response to their request, showing how 
very generously Alvaro Perez de Tavora had been treated by the Com* 
pany by which the Committees hoped Parry would be able to convince 
the Portuguese ministers ' how fair a pattern ' it showed them for justice 
to be done to King Charles's subjects, who had much reason to complain 
of hardships in the East Indies and also of the great delays put upon 
them in the Court of Portugal (p. 186).* Sk Robert Southwell, clerk to 

I See the English Factories in India, 1665-7, Sir William Foster suggests it can hardly 
be doubted that the two crowns contemplated the surrender of the whole island, not 
simply Bombay proper, Mazagaon, Parel, and Warli. The reader's attention is, invited 
to the map of Bombay on p. 40 of that volume, and to Dr. Khan's Anglo-Portuguese 
Negotiations relating to Bombay, 1670-7, Dr. Khan suggests that King Charles was at 

4372 b 



XVI 


INTRODUCTION 


the Privy Council, was presented by the Company with a gratuity of 
one hundred guineas, for his great care in drawing up the Company's 
case relating to their interest in the Port and Island of Bombay and 
other matters in dispute (p. 39). 

There are not many references in the Minutes to the Company's 
affairs in Bengal. The Committee for the Coast and Bay were desired 
to read the letters from the Madras Agency and Stre3msham Master, and 
consider what was best to be done to procure a new farman for addi- 
tional privileges in Bengal, the Company having learned that the Danes 
had obtained commercial privileges there, and that the Dutch trade in 
Bengal had fallen off (p. 63) The commanders, officers, and seamen of 
the Company's ships were again encouraged to acquire a knowledge of 
the navigation of the Ganges, by the promise of gratuities, ranging 
from a month's pay to the seamen to £100 to the commander of a vessel 
that sailed up the Ganges as far as Hugh or Channock.^ The owners of 
the ship were to be allowed 40s. per ton for the ship's whole tonnage 
above the ordinary freight. Later, the owners of the Fcdcon were in- 
formed that if the ship managed to get half-way to Channock one-half 
of the allowance would be given to them and the ship's company, for 
their 'hazards and pains'. On the return of the Falcon the Shipping 
Committee were desired to pay the gratuities, with the proviso that the 
amoimts due to the seamen were to be paid * into their own hands ', and 
to inquire whether the officers had dealt in an underhand way with the 
men about the gratuities (pp. 124, 127, 135, 298-9). Ten young seamen 
wete sent to the Bay, for employment in the vessels on the Ganges for 
five or seven years (p. in). Steps were taken to ascertain how the 
gloss in black silk in the skein could be preserved when woven into 
taffetas, and to procure patterns for the guidance of weavers in making 
'branched velvets' (pp. 80, 112). A dyer entertained to serve the Com- 
pany in Bengal took with him a young apprentice so that he could 
eventually teach the natives the art of dyeing silk (pp. 298, 305). The 
Chief and Council at Hugh were informed (December 3, 1679)^ that after 
consideration of several years' experience the Company were of opinion 
that there was no way to carry on the dyeing business to any consider- 
able effect in India without obliging the dyers they had there to teach 

faiat m not repudiating earlier the agreement concluded by Cooke with the Portuguese 
commissioners. ^ See also Letter Books, vol. v, pp. 440-1, 516. 

= Chanok, midway between Calcutta and Chandemagore. (Plan du Gange depuis la 
Pomtedes Palmiers jttsqu'd Ougly, fait en 174S, India Office Map, A. XL*^). 

3 Letter Books, vol. vi, p. 130. 



INTRODUCTION 


xvii 


their art to some of the Company's Indian servants whose parents and 
ancestors had been for many years retained at the factories! To en- 
courage the dyers the value of £20 sterling was to be allowed for every 
Indian so perfectly instructed as to be able to 'perform the part' of 
a masterdyer or chief workman in blacks and greens. 

In July 1677 the Bantam Committee recommended that for the 
management of the Company's affairs at Bantam, and for settling the 
trade in China, which they thought might in a short time prove veiy 
advantageous, three able persons versed in accounts and trading should 
be entertained for Bantam and Jambi, two to be of Council, also four 
writers, and that an able factor and two writers be entertained for For- 
mosa, the same for Tonquin, and four writers for Amoy. These pro- 
posals were approved by the Court (pp. 62-3, 65). The Company, how- 
ever, had not yet abandoned hope of re-openmg trade with Japan.* The 
Surat Presidency were of opinion that the King of Siam would not only 
grant the English the same freedom of buying skins and other exports 
for the Japanese market which the Dutch possessed, but would also 
assist, by a letter of recommendation to the Emperor of Japan, in pro- 
curing for the Company the privilege of trading at Nagasaki. The Surat 
Council thought that the misunderstanding between the Company and 
the Emperor might soon be removed, by employing some discreet per- 
son, either from Bantam, Siam, or Bombay to carry a letter from either 
the Company or King Charles, desiring the Emperor's permission to 
dispel the misrepresentations that had caused the failure of the mission. 
The introductory letter from the King of Siam might be obtained on the 
way/ To these proposals the Company replied (March 7, 1677)^ 
the Surat Council were to send some fit person to Japan by way of Siam , 
with letters from the King of Siam to the Emperor of Japan, which 
they believed he would give to encourage the Company to continue their 
factory in Siam. The King was to be assured that they would do so if a 
trade at Japan could be attained. In the following August the Commit- 
tee for Bantam and the South Seas factories were desired to consider 
whether it was convenient to continue a settlement in Siam, what 
goods should be provided for Amoy, Chinchew,^ Tonquin, and other 
places, and the steps to be taken for carrying on a trade there to the best 

* See 1671-3 volume, p. vii etseq; and 1674-6 volume, p. xix etseq. 

® Letter from the Surat Presidency to the Company, January 17, 1676 (O.C. 4163, folios 
22-3). 3 Letter Books, vol. v, p. 408. 

* Tsinkiang, formerly Chuanchow, Fukien, about 40 miles north-east of Amoy, at the 
mouth of the Nan-ngan River.’ 



INTRODUCTION 


xviii 

advantage of the Company (p. 73). They reported that the trade at 
Amoy was very hopeful for obtaining Japanese and other goods at the 
best rates as well as for selling European and Indian goods, and, there- 
fore, the settlement should be continued also at Tonquin and Siam. 
As regards Formosa, they recommended that only two factors and two 
writers should be continued there until satisfactory arrangements had 
been made at Amoy ; then they were to leave, if they could do so with- 
out giving offence to the King of Formosa or to his great ministers. 
These recommendations were approved (p. 77). Twenty patterns of 
several sorts of silk, such as might hold in fashion, were procured by 
Benjamin Delawne and John Blunden, designated Chief in China and 
Second at Tonquin respectively, to take with them on the voyage 
(p, 88). In October 1679 the Committee for Bantam and the South Sea 
Factories were desired to consider the Company's trade at Jambi, 
Formosa, Tonquin, Amoy, and Siam, and to ascertain whether the 
Company gained or lost by it, and, in particular, whether it would be 
serviceable for the Company to continue the factories at Siam and 
Tonquin (p. 298). The Court decided that the Agent and Council at 
Bantam were to ‘leave by degrees* the 'port* of Siam, as it had not 
answered the expectations of the Company in point of trade.^ They 
were to represent to the Barcalong (Phra-klang), the intermediary iri 
approaching the King of Siam, that as the Company found they were 
losers by that trade, they did not think fit to continue there (pp. 305-^) .‘ 
The Bantam Committee were desired to consider how the Company*s 
trade in China and the South Sea factories might be managed by 
freighted ships, the prevailing method of using their own ships having 
been found to be very costly (p. 309). It was resolved that the Flying 
Eagle and Advice Pink should be sold, and only the Return, Tywan, and 
Formosa should be employed to carry on the China trade (p. 306). The 
Bantam Agency were mformed (November 26, 1679)^ Company 

had considered their affairs at Amoy, Formosa, Tonquin, and Siam. As 
Amoy appertained to a great and rich Kingdom, the Company hoped 
‘if there be security and peace, it may procure a considerable vent of 
our English manufactures, and by having so near a correspondence 
with Japan, we may in time obtain a trade thither, so that we think 
to keep on our trade in that place, and do send out supplies accordingly 
both of English manufacture, as you advised . . .*. 

* For further information see English Intercourse with Siam, by Dr. J. Anderson (Trub- 
ner’s Oriental series). * letter Books, vol. vi, p. 106. 



INTRODUCTION 


XIX 


The gist of the Company's letter to the King of Bantam of October 5, 
1677, wherein they informed him that, in spite of the false suggestions 
of their late Agent, Henry Dacres,^ they saw that he possessed those 
'noble principles of justice and righteousness by which Kings reign and 
the thrones of all Princes are established', was that if he did not abate 
the price of and custom on pepper they would be compelled to discon- 
tinue their trade at Bantam, which place they designed to make the 
centre of aU their trade to the eastern part of the world if they had due 
encouragement from him to do so (p. 91). In December, the Company 
learned that Agent Arnold White, Albinus WiUoughby,^ and Dudley 
Norty had been killed by two Javanese, about two miles from the 
factory up the river, whereupon they took steps to procure a letter from 
King Charles to the King of Bantam, in which the latter was informed 
that His Majesty had been 'extremely touched with the sense of so 
horrid a cruelty' and prayed him to take effectual means for 'this 
innocent blood to be avenged' (pp. 59, 122, 123, 131-2). According to 
the writer of a letter endorsed ' Relation of the murder of Agent White, 
&c, the King of Bantam was then in a ' state of dull melancholy ' and 
the 'barbarous phantasm' of his son 'had encouraged some villainous 
great ones to commit horrid murders upon the chief est of our nation'. 
This alarming state of affairs is doubtless the explanation of the orders 
sent to the commander of the Loyal Subject, which sailed for Bantam in 
November 1677. He was to have no communication with the King of 
Bantam or any of his ministers without leave from the Agent and 
Council, If he found on arriving at Bantam that further outrages had 
been committed to such a degree as to make it expedient that the 
factory should be dissolved, or to endanger his ship's cargo, if landed, he 
was to sail at once to the Bay of Bengal, dehver his ship's cargo to the 
Chief and Council, and procure goods to fill his vessel for England 
(p. 228). The Company, having received no further definite information 
from Bantam, gave detailed orders to the commander of the Caesar 
(May 7, 1679) as to the course he was to foUow if, on arriving in Bantam 
Road, he found that there was war between the King and the Dutch; 
of these only one need be mentioned, namely, that in certain circum- 
stances he was to apply for pepper at Andragoras,® where the King of 

* Knighted, July 18, 1677, soon after he arrived in England to answer the charges made 
against him. 

® Member of the Council of Bantam. See preceding volume, p. 25. 

3 Second at Jambi. ^ O.C. (I.O.), 4284. 

5 The letters from the Bantam Agency containing the King of Johore’s proposals do not 



XX 


INTRODUCTION 


Johore, according to advices from Bantam, had invited the Company 
to trade. A few days later, however, the Company learned that a 
Dutch ship had arrived in Holland, but had brought no news of a 
breach between the King of Bantam and the Dutch. Thereupon, order 
was given that the arms and ammunition desired by the King were to be 
put aboard the Caemr (pp. 271-3). 

The Company renewed their orders to the Governor and Council at 
St. Helena to take great care to prevent any foreigners entering either 
the island or the Fort, and to ensure that constant watch be kept day 
and night where a landing might be effected to avoid any surprise. They 
understood that a considerable French fleet of men-of-war had gone to 
the Cape, or to India, which might touch at St. Helena on their return. 
No more 'blacks' were to be bought for the account of any commander 
or others. The planters were to be allowed to supply themselves at 
their own charge as opportunity offered, and, if more servants were 
wanted Englishmen and boys would be sent (pp. 36-7). In February 
1678 the Court, having had 'a good character of the integrity, valour 
and prudence' of Major John Blackmore, elected him Governor of St. 
Helena, in succession to Captain Gregory Field, after consideration of 
many complaints of the latter's 'ill-living'. Captain Anthony Beale was 
appointed Deputy Governor (pp. 148-9). The Company's letter of the 
15th March contained detailed instructions regarding the observance of 
the Lord's Day, the punishment of persons found guilty of committing 
certain crimes, the disposal of ammunition, stores, and provisions, and 
the defence of the island. To lessen the consumption of gunpowder not 
more than three guns were to be returned to the salute of any ship 
arriving at the island, and none were to be shot 'at healths or other 
needless actions'. The Governor and Council were advised of the dis- 
patch of several fruit-trees, vines, and 'other seeds', so that when the 
Company's plantation had been sufl&ciently furnished the remainder 
might be distributed gratis to those who had been most diligent and 
industrious in looking after the plantations. Other instructions related 
to the wages of artificers and workmen; the maintenance of a register of 
lands allotted to planters on their first arrival and to soldiers who turned 
planters, the registration of sales and conveyance of estates, &c., and the 
keeping of a register of marriages, christenings, and burials on the island 

appear to be extant. According to the Company’s letter to the Agency (May 15, 1679) 
Andragoras was ‘far within Sumatra*, presumably on the east coast. It may be that 
Andragoras was one and the same place as Indraghiri (north-west of Jambi), where at one 
time the Company had a factory, which was dissolved in 1622. 



INTRODUCTION 


xxi 


(pp. 158-65). The Governor and Council were urged (November 1678) 
to fortify the island and to guard all avenues of approach, to keep the 
inhabitants sober and temperate, and to strictly prohibit the making 
of any fires for signals, which practice, and the intemperance of the 
inhabitants, many of whom were then found drunk on guard, they 
understood, had given the Dutch fleet a great advantage in 1673^ 
(pp. 223-4). Ill May 1679 the Company directed that all manner of 
provisions should be raised, for if the planters expected supplies from 
home, they might be less industrious, therefore they were not to look 
for more from England. They prohibited the practice of ‘negro' ships 
carrying away goods brought from India in the Company's ships. They 
thought that old soldiers might be permitted to return home if they 
wished to do so, the island having been put into ‘so good a posture’, 
and the King being at peace with all his neighbours (pp. 275-6). On 
pp. 195, 202, will be found references to the return of Edmond Halley, 
the astronomer, and his friend from St. Helena. 

During the period various rules regarding the Company’s servants in 
the Indies were laid down. All factors returning from India who wished 
to have their salaries paid were henceforth to ‘write their demands’ to 
the Accountant-General before he made them up (p. 8) . Order was given 
that all factors entertained for the Indies in the past or future, were to 
take the oath of freemen (p. 83). The Lawsuits Committee were desired 
to prepare the form of an oath to be administered by the President, 
Agents, and Chiefs m India, to all factors, and writers on coming of age, 
to oblige them to their allegiance to the King and to faithfulness to the 
Company in the management of their trade, conformable to the oath 
taken by the freemen of the Company (p. 88) . The order that all writers 
who had just been elected were to write over again their petitions before 
the Secretaiy, and that they were to be presented to the Court by him, 
seems to point to the possibihty that the Court suspected that some 
of the original petitions were not written by the applicants. * Fair writ- 
ing ’ was one of the qualifications for appointment (p. loi). At the same 
time it was ordered that henceforth aU writers entertained for the 
Indies were to serve seven instead of five years from the time of their 
arrival there (p. loi). To prevent disputes about the rank of the 
Company’s servants at Madras, Masulipatam, and Bengal, all under the 
degree of senior merchants were confirmed in the rank appearing in the 
list recently received, and to ‘avoid the inconveniency of writers rising 
I See 1:671-3 volume, p. xvii. 



xxii 


INTRODUCTION 


to the degree of merchant before those sent from England as factors', 
the latter were to be admitted to the degree of merchants after three 
years' service in India (p. ii6). Writers were to seal new covenants and 
bonds upon coming of age ; these to be registered in the original con- 
sultation books, and sent home by the first ship leaving for England 
(p. 117). For the better security in future of the Company from losses 
that might happen by any of their factors, it was decreed that one of the 
securities given by them must be a London citizen of known ability, 
credit, and estate, and able to meet his obligations (p. 191). It was 
resolved that no adventurer who was security for any factor or writer 
in India whose accounts were in question should be permitted to seU 
or transfer his adventure without leave of the Court of Committees, 
and the Accountant-General, before making any such transfer, was to 
acquaint the Court and receive their directions. The Secretary was to . 
notify the Accountant-General from time to time of those who became 
security for any of the Company's factors or writers (p. 217). The 
Shipping Committee were desired to consider whether factors and 
writers entertained in the service and returning to England before their 
time should satisfy the Company for their passage out and home and 
for their maintenance (p. 281), The Court approved four additional 
rules to be observed by the factors, &c., in the Indies, designed to safe- 
guard the Company against certain malpractices by, and bankruptcy or 
insolvency of factors, &c. Printed copies, signed by the Secretary, were 
to be sent to the several factories and there hung up in the most public 
places (p. 310). After a long and serious debate the Court decided that 
factors were riot to be allowed freedom of trade in India ‘ in all commodi- 
ties of the countrie' (p. 228). The Agents and Councils at Madras and 
Bengal were required to keep a register of all private trade carried on by 
the Company's servants in the Indies and an exact diary of aU goods 
bought for the Company, with their prime cost, also what they were 
sold for, on which no * imaginary ' prices were to be put, as the Company 
understood had been the practice (p. 229).^ On information that the 
Company's Agents, Chiefs, and factors had engaged in a very con- 
siderable trade, far beyond the compass of their own estates and con- 
trary to rules and orders, and for that purpose had borrowed money of 
their colleagues and natives, 'to the apparent damage of the Company, 
breach of their covenants and the trust reposed in them and to the dis- 
honour of the English nation ', order was given that this practice should 
* See also Letter Boohs, vol. vi, p, 28. 



INTRODUCTION 


xxm 


be’strictly prohibited, and for a standing rule and order to this effect to 
be drawn up and sent to the President and Council at Surat, Agents, 
Chiefs, and subordinates (p. 302). The Court of Committees, hearing 
that factors and servants sent home yearly fine goods in the charge of 
mates and seamen, on which no freight was paid, prohibited the prac- 
tice, and ordered that any person found doing this should be dismissed 
the Company's service (p. 307). Persons permitted to go to Bombay as 
free planters or merchants were not to be entertained as writers, 
factors, or in any other employment without the Court's special order 
(p. 194). Order was given that the judge of the Island of Bombay was to 
rank as fourth in Council, and was to apply himself solely to the per- 
formance of his duties as judge, and not concern himself in mercantile 
affairs (p. 154). 

The oaths to be administered to the Governor, Deputy Governor, 
freeman of the Company, various officers of the home establishment 
(including the Beadle), and to the Company's of&cers in Bombay are 
printed on pp. 180-4, 

The Committee formerly appointed to consider how a stock for 
charitable purposes could be raised,* having made little progress in the 
matter, were ordered to take serious thought about it (p. 23). On 
pp. 261-7 will be found two very interesting reports submitted by the 
Shipping Committee, in accordance with the Court's desire that they 
should 'inspect the rise and foundation' of the Company's Almshouse 
at Poplar, and prepare rules and instructions for its good government 
in future.^ Lord Berkeley and certain other Committees were desired 
to consider how money might be raised for propagating the Gospel in 
India, and for the relief of the poor, and how the money might be 
managed in order to answer these ends (pp. 89, 268, 296, 305). It was 
resolved that all money given to the Poor-box should be applied wholly 
for the use of necessitous persons who had served the Company, or for 
their relations, no member of the Court to suggest otherwise (p. 187). 

The Minutes contain many references to the measures adopted to 
ensure that bullion was not sent to India, without permission or pay- 
ment of freight. On information that some Jews and others had gone 
to the Downs with the intention to put a considerable quantity of bul- 
lion aboard the ships bound for Surat, the commanders were ordered to 

^ See 16^1-3 VQlume, p. xxv. 

^ See Sir William Foster's John Company for the rules, and for further information 
regarding the Almshouse. 



XXIV 


INTRODUCTION 


make strict inquiry (pp. 30-1). The Company's Husband was directed 
to engage a surveyor from the Commissioners of Customs to go aboard 
certain of the Company's ships that had arrived from the Indies, and 
the commanders were instructed to send to the East India House 
at once their pursers, accompanied by the Husband or his assistant, 
with all diamonds, jewels, and other fine goods, registered or not 
registered, returned in their vessels, to be delivered according to 
the bills of lading in the presence of the Treasury Committee (p. 73). 
The Court, having learned that parcels of diamonds had been 
secretly delivered from the incoming Madras ships without pa3maLent of 
freight, ordered that for the future all commanders and pursers in the 
vessels for Madras and Surat, should within one month after their return 
and arrival in the Thames deliver, according to their charterparty, to 
the Committee for Private Trade, ‘a perfect account of all and singular 
such goods, bullion, diamonds, and persons as during the whole voyage 
had been carried in the ships ' ; also to and from what ports or places, how 
consigned, under what marks and numbers, excepting only such goods 
as were for their own proper account, or for the account of their ofi&cers 
and men (p. loi). Commanders of the Company's ships bound for the 
Indies were ordered not to receive any bulhon on board contrary to 
orders. The Company gave a larger indulgence to them than their 
neighbours, so if they disobeyed orders they were not to expect encou- 
ragement, but those who detected this wrong-domg would be rewarded 
'according to their desert' (pp. 118, 133). Foreign bullion and silver 
discovered in any of the outgoing ships for which permission had not 
been obtained was to bear a charge of double freight, of which one- 
quarter would be paid to the person giving information concerning it. 
The Court decided to allow the Agent at Madras one-half the freight 
due to the Company on all that he discovered had been taken there ' out 
of register '. Certain Committees were desired to consider what restraint 
should be made on the exportation of bullion for the account of the 
President of Surat, Agents, and factors, under what hmitation, and 
what afl&rmation should be made. Their recommendations were 
approved, namely, that the President of Surat and the Agent of 
Madras should be at liberty to have sent out to them yearly £2,000, the 
Agent in Persia, the Deputy-Governor of Bombay, the Chief in Bengal, 
the Chief at Masulipatam, and all of the General Council of Surat and 
Madras £1,000 (pp. 148, 151). Later, the Company having learned that 
several persons mtended to lade bullion, coral, and other goods, without 



INTRODUCTION 


XXV 


permission or licence, in some of the Company’s ships, and that already 
some had been laden in vessels to be transferred to the Company’s 
ships when at sea, the commanders were informed that if they trans- 
gressed orders they must expect 'a suitable resentment’, but if they 
reported such dealings, it would be * esteemed an acceptable service for 
which they would receive a 'proportionable encouragement’ (p. 241). 

The Committee for the Coast and Bay were desired to consider how 
the prejudice suffered by the Company and the kingdom in general by 
the rise in the price of diamonds in India might be prevented in future. 
They reported that Nathaniel Cholmley, who had been permitted to 
stay in India, on condition that he would not trade in anything but 
diamonds and jewels, and would render an account of what diamonds 
he sent to England,^ had not performed the trust reposed in him, where- 
upon the Court ordered that the Madras Agency should be required, 
without any excuse, to send him home by the year’s shipping, and to 
inform the factors and other servants of the Company that it would be 
looked upon as an acceptable service if they could tell of any fraud 
practised by Cholmley or others. The Agency were to endeavour to 
make Madras the mart for diamonds in future. The Court also resolved 
that if any responsible Englishman, well skilled concerning diamonds, 
should offer to go to India in the Company’s service, to buy diamonds 
on the best terms procurable, his offer would be considered, but if he 
went he must live at Madras (pp. 210, 234-b). A proposal that the 
tradein diamonds should be managed by a Joint Stock was negatived as 
dfficult and impracticable (pp. 299, 300). On information that a Mr. 
Salvador, a jeweller, gave out that he had the King’s licence to take 
passage in one of the Company ships to Madras, the Court requested the 
Earl of Berkeley and Lord Chandos to petition His Majesty, and, if any 
such order had been granted, to request that he would permit the Com- 
pany to wait on him before Salvador left, but nothing further is heard of 
the matter (p. 313). 

In November 1679 certain proposals of ‘concernment and benefit’ to 
the Company’s trade were referred to a Conunittee of the whole Court 
for consideration, and for report after they had taken the advice of 
Counsel, if they thought fit to do so (p. 312). The Court Minutes are 
silent as to the nature of the proposals and the Committee’s report, 
but we may infer that they related to the information received by the 
Company of the fitting out of a ship by William AUey, interloper, and 

* See 1664-7 volume, p. 423, and 1666-70 volume, p. 73* 



xxvi INTRODUCTION 

others for a voyage to India contrary to the Company's charter, in- 
asmuch as nine days later, the King signified his approval of a draft 
circular warrant to the Company's Agents and factors in the Indies, 
directing them not to give any assistance to Alley, and empowering 
them to put in execution aU the powers and authorities granted to the 
Company for the impeding, obstructing, and rendering ineffectual such 
disloyal and undutiful attempts contrary to the Company's Charter, 
in contempt of his royal authority — 'which Wee will by no means suffer 
to be infringed' (pp. 316, 317).* 

As regards the staff and office matters at the East India House, we 
find that Samuel South, 'well versed in the Company's accounts', was 
appointed an additional Auditor at a salary of £100 a year (pp. 3, 4). 
Subsequently, this appointment was abohshed, the audit work being 
entrusted to Peter Cossen, under the 'inspection and care' of the 
Accountant-General (p. 247), on whom a yearly gratuity of £100 had 
been bestowed 'in consideration of his great fitness and for his care and 
pains' (p. 133). A report from the Committees for the Warehouses 
regarding the rates to be allowed to the porters employed, and rules to 
be observed by the Keepers of the Warehouses was approved. One 
recommendation was that the two Calico Warehouses were to have two 
men at los. a week each, who were to be entitled to receive from the 
buyers more than the Company's establishment and to pretend 'they 
knew it not' ; this to be divided between the two men at each ware- 
house (pp. 37-8). Orders were given that the cost of stationery used 
in any business for which officers received fees was not to be charged to 
the Company's account (pp. 64-5). All warrants passed in Court for 
money were to be registered immediately by the Secretary (p. 277). 
The Court on being informed that some of Iheir clerks had been seen 
'at Stage plaies, Danceing schools, &c.', and to frequent taverns and 
other public houses, thought fit to caU them down to attend the Court, 
where they were questioned, and admonished by the Governor that in 
case any of them should be found to go to playhouses, dancing schools, 
or other places of game or unlawful recreation, or to mis-spend then- 
time in frequenting taverns or other public-houses they would be dis- 
missed from the Company's service (p. 244). 

Goods to the value of £14,572 having been found missing, Samuel 

* For further information' about William Alley see Hedgers Diary, vol. ii, pp. 101-3, 
Love’s Vestiges of Old Madras, vol. i, pp. 243, 399, 462, and 463 ; The Diaries of Streynsham 
Master, 1675^-80, vol. i, p. 283 n. ; and Maurice Collis’s Siamese White, pp. 13-14. 



INTRODUCTION 


XXVll 


Sambrooke, jr., late assistant in the Calico warehouse, was called upon 
for an explanation, and confessed to having embezzled them. He agreed 
to a judgement of ^^20,000 being made against him, but on failure to 
settle the account or to make any overtures for so doing, the Company's 
solicitor was directed to cause him 'to be taken into execution' upon the 
judgement. Later, his wife was told that if he gave up the books that he 
had kept in the warehouse and his own books, and made a reasonable 
proposition for satisf5dng his debt, his petition would be considered 
(pp. 48, 69, 248-9, 276, 279). 

Other matters of minor interest may be mentioned. A gratuity of 
twenty guineas was bestowed upon Robert Ferguson for a treatise 
entitled The East India Trade, a most profitahU Trade to the Kingdom, 
and lest secured and improved in a Company and a Joint Stock (p. 12). 
Henry Bond, the mathematician, was given a gratuity in respect of his 
treatise Longitude Found (p. 18). Gold medals, costing £25 145., were 
procured for presentation to Caesar Chamberlain, Chief at Karwar, and 
Nathaniel Lowndes, in recognition of their gallantry in defence of Kar- 
war during the troubles of 1673 (p. 28).* In September 1677 ^ suggestion 
was made that one of the smallest ships entertained for Surat should be 
sent to Malinde, Arabia, and the Red Sea, to procure gold, ivory, &c., 
suitable for Surat, also coffee and drugs fit for Europe (p. 82). A motion 
that a ship should be sent to the Red Sea to procure from thence goods 
for Europe was negatived in December 1678 (pp. 237, 238). On p. 118 
will be found a reference to a proposal ('discoursed variously') that 
about £30,000 be raised from the East India Company and others, 
towards the marriage of Mary, eldest daughter of the Duke of York, 
to William of Orange. Treasurer Danby informed the Customs Com- 
missioners that he was of opinion that coffee imported by the Company 
ought to pay a greater duty than 5 per cent, and directed them to 
require the duty at the rate of £6 12s, per cent for the kst sale. For the 
future they were to think of some expedient to adjust the value of coffee 
with the Company who, being a body, could not make an oath (p. 140). 
The cellars of Bethlem Hospital were leased to the Company for twenty- 
one years at a rental of £100, subject to certain conditions (pp. 188, 
190-1, 196, 205, 221, 231). Order was given for all standing rules and 
directions made for managing the Company's affairs at home and abroad 
to be collected and copied into a book to be kept for the purpose, in 
which all future orders were to be entered (p. 204). The long standing 

^ See The English Factories in India, 1670-y, pp. 318, 357. 



XXVlll 


INTRODUCTION 


dispute between the Company and the Trustees for the United Joint 
Stock was finally settled by the payment of £1,760 i6s. 8 d. to the 
Trustees (p. 216).* David Yale, senior, his son David, and Edward 
Herrys,^ were accepted as additional security for Elihu Yale,^ enter- 
tained as factor at Madras (p. 239). Order was given for a medal of gold 
with the Company’s arms, and a gold chain to the value of £100 to be 
procured and sent to Kasi Viranna, the Company’s broker at Surat, 
as a testimony of the Company’s appreciation of his good service in 
managing their affairs (p. 308). The Committee for BujHng Goods were 
enjoined to meet and not contract for any goods without the consent of 
a full quorum, and, if any goods were contracted for contrary to this 
order, they were to be left upon the hands of the buyers, and the Com- 
pany would not be obliged to pay for them (p. 96) . They were desired to 
keep a register of their proceedings (p. 177). They and the Shipping 
Committees were ordered to deal with the inhabitants of the City of 
London, rather than with those living at Ratcliffe or elsewhere, for all 
stores wanted for the service of the Company in the Indies, provided 
they could be procured as cheaply (p, 212). Certain Committees were 
desired to examine the letters to be sent to Madras and Bengal, compare 
them with the drafts read in Court, and report whether they were 
found to agree (p. 123). It being found inconvenient that debates in the 
Court ofCommitteestouchingafiairsdependingbeforethemembers should 
be made known, all were desired to forbear in future naming anypersons 
or any discourse concerning the Company’s business (pp. 249-50). 
If a Committee left before the Court rose, without the leave of the 
Governor or Deputy, his appearance was to be void for that day (p. 220) . 
Sir Josia Child was allowed to take home letters, consultations, and 
other papers received from Madras, &c., as they were ^many and 
voluminous', the affairs of Madras and Bengal having been committed 
to him (p. 303). 

As in the case of previous instalments, the duties of reading the 
proofs and of compiling the index have been discharged by Miss Sains- 
bury, in addition to her main task of preparing the calendar itself. It 
may be well to recall that personal names are spelt throughout exactly 
as they occur in the various entries, leaving it to the index to unify 
them, cross-references being inserted where necessary. This is the 

^ See 1671-3 volume. 

^ See Diaries of Streynsham Master j 1675-80 for information regarding Herrys. 

3 Appointed Writer in 1671. See 1671-3 volume. 



INTRODUCTION 


XXDC 


last volume in which the Record Department of the India Of&ce 
will have the assistance of Miss Sainsbury, who retired in July 1937, 
after a connexion with the Department which has lasted 45 years. 
In eleven volumes she has calendared the Court Minutes and related 
documents from 1635 to 1679. conscientious discharge of this 
laborious task has earned the gratitude of all students of the 
records. 




# 


COURT MINUTES, ETC. 

OF THE 

EAST INDIA COMPANY, 1677-1679. 

The Company’s Geneeal Jouenal, Jxjne i, 1678, to June 30, 
1682 (Accountant-General’s Records, vol. xxxix). 

Journalized entries of receipts and pa3nnents. (324 in all.) 

The Company’s Geneeal Ledgee, Januaey i, 1678. to June 30, 
1682 (Ibid., vol. xxxix). 

Detailed accounts with various merchants, etc., with receipts and 
pa3nnents under special headings. (508 pp. in all.) 

Lists of Documents Sealed, 1677-1679 (Home Miscellaneous, vol. 
xxvi, pp. 131-64). 

■ These are mostly releases from covenants and bonds ; charterparties, 
certificates, bonds of arbitration, and bills. (33 pp.) 

Ships sent foe India (Court Book, vol. xxvA, p. 157). 

In 1677, for Bantam; the Phoenix and Expectation. In 1678, for 
Bantam: the Lancaster, Berkdey Castle, Eagle, and Johanna; for the 
Coast and Bay: the Williamson, Nathaniel, Society, and Falcon; for 
Surat: the Sampson, President, and Unicorn. In 1679, for Bantam: the 
Falcon, Society, and Nathaniel; for the Coast and Bay: the President, 
Eagle, Sampson, and Berkeley Castle ; for Smrat : the Johanna, WiUiam- 
son, and Lancaster. Giving the tonnage of each vessd, the number of 
mm and guns in each vessel, and the names of the respective com- 
manders. (i^ipp.) 

Goods to be peovided in Sueat and adjacent paets in 1677 and 
1678 (Hnd., p. 171). 

list of piece-goods, spices, coffee, and 'pepper to fill up*. Giving the 
number of pieces or bales with the weight. These to be laden in ships 
leaving for Surat in 1677, 1678, and returning in 1678, 1679. (2 pp.) 

4372 B 



2 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

A Court of Committees, January 3, 1677 {Court Book, vol. xxx, 
p. 172). 

Thomas Bayley is admitted to the freedom by redemption. Order is 
given for a copy of Samuel Foote’s account to be delivered to the 
administrator, (i^.) 

A Court of Committees, January 5, 1677 {Ibid,, p. 174). 

The Shipping Committee to direct the listing of such single women as 
desire to go to Bombay to be wives to the soldiers there, their number 
not to exceed twenty, and they to be transported at the Company's 
charge. Care is to be taken that only women of honest and civil be- 
haviour are entertamed, an account to be taken of their parentage, 
present condition of life, and place of abode, which is to be certified to 
the Governor and Council of Bombay. On a question as to whether 
merchants, strangers, or others may export emeralds and other jewels 
to India in the Company's ships, the Court declare that this is not pro- 
hibited, but that all persons may do so on paying the freight. Certain 
Committees to ascertain whether the account of Alexander Grigby has 
been cleared, also whether his covenants and security may be delivered 
up, as is desired. The owners of the Rainbow to be paid 955?. 7s. zd, in 
full of her freight and demurrage. The Warehouse Committees are de- 
sired to meet and peruse the table of fees taken by the porters employed 
by the Company and consider how this charge may be lessened both to 
the Company and to the buyers; make a new settlement, and report 
how they think the said fees may be received and distributed. All 
members to have a voice in this matter. A letter is read from the Agent 
and Council of Bantam and referred to the Committee for Writing 
Letters who are to consider what necessaries should be provided for that 
place and what answer shall be sent. Copies to be made of the letter 
from Nicholas Waite, who is a prisoner at the Manillas, also of the clause 
in the general letter from Bantam concerning him, and presented to the 
principal Secretaries of State with the desire of the Company for the 
case of the said Waite to be recommended to the Ambassador at Madrid, 
and to the Spanish Ambassador in London for his speedy release. The 
Committee for Buying Goods to send on board Captain Earning's new 
ship, to be launched this next week, what proportion of copper, tin, iron, 
and guns as kentledge they think proper, as lead cannot be procured at 
a reasonable rate. A memorial is read from Francis Beyer, and order 
given for it to be referred to the Committee for Accounts who are to 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


3 


examine the present state of the Company's books, what progress has 
been made in accounts depending between the Company and particular 
persons, give such directions as they think fit, and report to the Court. 
Mrs. Elford to be allowed to send in the Company's shipping 46 oz. of 
gold-dust for Joseph H3mmers on paying freight, (ij pp.) 

Report of the Lords Committees for Foreign Affairs in the 
Business of Bombay, January 6, 1677 {Public Record Office: C.O, 77, 
vol. xiii, f. 143), 

I. Upon the whole matter Their Lordships, rather than insist farther 
on the demand of Salsette and Carinjah (Karanja), think fit to consider 
what is the right and extent which His Majesty has by the grant of the 
port, whether it draw not with it the other islands that stand thereon, 
so as that they pass together with the water? 2. How far the English 
are freed by common right even in the Portuguese streams when they 
land not on their shores, but drive their trade with strangers, and more 
especially if such impositions are grown up new, and since the time of 
surrender ? 3. In case His Majesty should now forbid the Company to 
submit to those impositions, and should write to the Prince of Portugal 
to forbid his subjects to lay them on, but should not succeed therein, 
how are the Company provided to right themselves, by the same way of 
impositions on the Portuguese ? Their Lordships will farther consider 
this matter on Tuesday next, or when the Company shall be ready to 
lay their thoughts and desires before them, (i p,) 

A Court of Committees, January 10, 1677 {Court Book, vol. xxx, 
P- 175 )- 

A report is read from the Surat Committee in which they state that in 
their opinion 25,000^, in bullion should be sent by this year's ships to 
supply the Company's affairs in that Presidency, besides the goods de- 
signed. To this the Court agree and direct that the Treasury Committee 
make timely provision of the said sum. The Accounts Committee re- 
port that, according to a reference of November 24 last, they have 
considered who is suitable to be entertained as an additional Auditor 
with Mr. Cossen, and what writers to employ under them, and are of 
opinion that Samuel South, who is well versed in the Company's 
accounts, should be appointed as additional Auditor at a salary of 100/. 
a year, and the two writers already employed in the office continued, 
and no more. Mr. Cossen to choose one and South the other. After 



4 


COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 


debate South is elected, his salary to begin from December 25 last, and 
the report with regard to the writers is agreed to. The Committee are 
desired to introduce South to his office and to give both him and Cossen 
such instructions with regard to management of the affairs conducted 
there as they shall think fit. The biUs of Bowtel, the printer, and the 
painter's bill to be examined. The Deputy Governor is desired, with 
three other Committees, to examine the front of the Company's house 
to ascertain what repairs are wanted, what ornaments are to be added, 
consider the cost, and report. On a motion that some handicraftsmen 
and labourers should be sent to the Company's factory at Tonquin, the 
matter is referred to the Committee for Writing Letters for considera- 
tion and report. Report to be made of the accounts of Joseph Wale and 
Nathaniel Hills, late seamen in the Charles, (i J pp,) 

The Company to Captain Thomas Andrews, commander of the 
Caesar, January 10, 1677 {Letter Book, voL v, p. 397). 

Before his departure from London the Company told him of en- 
deavours being made to put bullion aboard their ships without permis- 
sion or payment of freight. They have since received information that 
bullion is taken to the Downs to be laden aboard their ships, therefore 
they desire Andrews to make strict inquiry as to what is laden in his 
vessel, that has not been approved, and give them a true account of this. 
Commend him to the protection of God. Letters of the same tenor are 
sent to Captain George Erwin, commander of the New London and to 
Captain John Goldsborough, commander of the Bengal Merchant, (J p,) 

Richard Watts at Deal to Sir Joseph Williamson, January ii, 
1677 (Public Record Office: S,P. Dorn,, Car, II. 390, no. 36). 

Yesterday came into the Downs from the Thames the London, Bengal, 
and Sapphire bound for East India. . . . 

Francis Bellott at Pendennis Castle to Sir Joseph William- 
son, January ii, 1677 (Ibid,, Car, II. 390, no. 37). 

The wind continuing S.W., the outward-bound ships are still in 
harbour with the East India ship, the Unicorn, . . . 

A Court of Committees, January 12, 1677 (Court Book, vol. xxx, 
P- 177 )- 

Order is given for the covenants and bonds entered into by Samuel 
Baron^ to be delivered up to be cancelled. The owners of the Golden 
* See precedmg volumes. 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


5 


Fleece to be obliged by charterparty to have that ship ready to sail from 
Gravesend by March 20 next, and the Bombay Merchant ready to sail 
with the Surat fleet by February 10 next. The Warehouse Committee 
to report how, before the delivery of any goods, ft may be ascertained if 
the Company have been paid for them and clear evidence given of 
delivery to the buyers. Order is given for a general court of sales to be 
held on Tuesday, March 13 next, and for particulars of all goods to be 
sold to be printed according to directions now given. The Exchange 
Keepers to be given 20s. every sale for their care of the Company's 
tables. The Bombay Committee to attend the Lords Committees for 
Foreign Affairs next Tuesday when the petition of the Company, 
formerly exhibited to His Majesty touching obstructions given to their 
trade at Bombay by the Portuguese, is to be considered. The account of 
William Kent to be reported, (i p.) 

A Court of Committees, January 17, 1677 {Ibii,, p. 178). 

The Treasury Committee to be desired to afiix the Company's seal 
to the counterpart of the lease of the Blue warehouses drawn up by 
Sir Stephen Langham. The bill of Mr. Burroughs for tin ware to be 
examined. A letter of attorney is read from John Farrer and his wife, 
co-executrix with Thomas Langham, to Sir WiUiam Vincent,^ and order 
given for the matter to be referred to Moses, the Company's solicitor, 
who is to see that Sir William's adventure is legally transferred without 
prejudice to the Company. On a report of the proceedings of the Lords 
Committees for Foreign Affairs in examining the business of Bombay, 
upon what part of the island the government was administered and the 
Customhouse kept when the Portuguese were in possession, and stating 
that their Lordships would proceed further in that business on Tuesday 
next, the Surat Committee and some others are desired to attend their 
Lordships on that day. A report is read from the Committee for Writing 
Letters touching provisions necessary to be sent to Bantam in the Anne, 
East India Merchant, and Golden Fleece, also what should be written in 
reply to the general letter received from the Agent and Council, to 
which the Court agree. The owners of the Golden Fleece representing 
that their account is imdeterrained and several matters admit of dispute 
between them and the Committees, the Court decide to defer considera- 
tion of this business till next Friday when the purser is to be told to be 
present. The Committee for Private Trade to ascertain whether iron 

^ See i65^r-73 volume. 



6 


COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

shot was prohibited to the owners and commander of the Golden Fleece 
in 1674 when that vessel went to sea. (i p.) 

OsDER IN Council, January 17, 1677 {Public Record Office: C. 0 . 77, 
vol. xiii, f. 147). 

A paper is read signed by Alvaro Fires de Tavora by way of reply to 
the answer of the East India Company to his petition complaining of 
the hard usage he had received from them at Bombay, and order given 
for the said paper, with all others relating to this business, to be referred 
to the Lords of the Committee for Trade, who are to consider and report 
upon the true state of the whole matter, with their opinion thereon, to 
His Majesty in Council, (i^.) 

Thomas Holden at Falmouth to Sir Joseph Williamson, 
January 18, 1677 (Ibid., S.P. Dorn., Car. II. 390, no. 62). 

Tuesday morning put to sea out of this harbour the Unicorn of 
London from the East Indies and the John and William of London from 
Malaga with several others homeward-bound, wind S.W., but next day 
it came up fresh at N.E., so it is believed they are put into Plymouth 

A Court of Committees, January 19, 1677 {Court Book, vol. xxx, 
p. 179). 

Ellen, widow of the late Captain Anthony Earning, commander of the 
Sampson, to be paid Sol. for the use of herself and her five children. A 
letter, written by direction of the Governor and signed by the Secretary, 
to the Agent and Council at Fort St. George is read and approved, it 
contains an order for procuring and sending to England 2,000 pieces of 
ahejaes, part of the 10,000 formerly written for of a new pattern now 
sent. Nicholas Cullen to be allowed to ship in the Bengal Merchant, 
commanded by Captain Goldsborough, for account of his son, a writer, 
500 dollars freight free. The sum of xol. paid by Captain Erwing, com- 
mander of the New London, for provisions for Abdella Shaw Hommadie 
and his servant on their voyage to Johanna to be deducted from the 8 L 
per head allowed for their transportation.* The account of the last 
voyage of the Golden Fleece to India to be closed, this having been 
agreed to by her owners and the Committee for Private Trade. The 
Success and the George, designed for Surat, to carry out and bring back 
three-quarter kentledge. The Bombay Merchant having been enter- 
* See preceding volume. 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


7 


tained to go to Bantam and carry sixty men, but since ordered to pro- 
ceed to Surat and Bantam, the Shipping Committee are desired to con- 
sider how many more men should go in her and what kentledge she shall 
take. The 500Z. adventure of Sir William Vincent having, in July, 1673, 
been transferred by Thomas Langham to Sir Samuel Bamardiston and 
Mr. Moyer in trust to secure the Company for the dividends paid to the 
said Thomas Langham in regard of a suit then pending in Chancery 
between Henry Newton, Langham, and the Company, and this being now 
determined by decree of court and Newton’s release in the Secretary’s 
custody, the Court consent to the said adventure of 500L being re- 
transferred to Langham. (i p.) 

A Court of Committees, January 24, 1677 p. 181). 

Order is given for the tripartite indenture of covenants dated July 25, 
1673, made between Thomas Langham and Rebecca Vincent for the 
first part, Sir Samuel Bamardiston and Samuel Moyer for the second 
part, and the Governor and Company for the third part, touching an 
adventure of 500/. transferred to the Company’s use, to be delivered to 
Mr. Langham to be cancelled. An allowance of 30Z. to be made to 
Richard Lloyd on certain narrow baftas bought by him for long baftas. 
Lead to the amount of 1,000 pigs to be provided for Surat, also one ton 
of Barbary copper at the best terms procurable, on condition that if it is 
not vendible at Surat it shall be taken back by the person from whom it 
was bought and the money repaid to the Company. The Conunittee for 
Private Trade to consider the clause in the endorsement of the Bantam 
charterparties touching iron kentledge, and make what explanation of 
it they see fit. The owners of the Golden Fleece present a paper of partic- 
ulars relating to her account, it is read, and the Court decide to adhere to 
their former order touching the articles of demurrage settled by consent 
of the owners, and as to the other particulars, these are to be deter- 
mined by the Committee for Private Trade if possible, if not, then by 
compromise, 

A Court of Committees, January 26, 1677 {Ibid., p. 182). 

On consideration of the account of the late Samuel Foote, a factor 
at Bantam, in which he stands indebted 161Z. 7s. 6d. for stated damages 
on calicoes and other goods, order is given for half the said sum to be 
remitted. The Committee for Lawsuits to consider in what way Mr. 
Reading may be employed with most advantage to the Company. 



8 


COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

Moses to be directed to proceed this term in the suit begun by the 
Company against Sambrooke and his sureties, he refusing to give any 
satisfactory account of certain dungarees returned in the Hannibal, and 
of other goods found wanting in the warehouse. On consideration 
of the great pains and care taken by Francis Beyer in stating several 
accoiuits that stood open at the time of his entertainment, and of 
what still remains to be done in the settlement of others, the Court 
bestow upon him a gratuity of lOoL and desire the Committee for 
Accounts to read his memorial concerning accounts depending be- 
tween the Company and certain persons mentioned, and give direc- 
tions for stating and closing these as they see fit, and in case of any 
obstructions to report to the Court. George Papillon to be permitted 
to ship in the Success ribbons to the value of 20L Sir Matthew 
Andrews is accepted as security in 500/. for Thomas Lewes, ap- 
pointed Pa3nnaster of the Mariners in the room of Mr. (Michael) 
Davison, deceased. Order is given for a warrant to be made out for the 
balance due to the account' of Gabriel Townsend, late a factor in the 
Bay. The demands of George Day for damaged goods and shortage of 
calicoes to be examined and reported. All factors returning from India 
who wish to have their salaries paid are henceforth to write their de- 
mands to the Accountant-General before he makes them up. Order is 
given for what is due on the account of the late Nicholas Serle, a factor 
at Surat, to be paid to his brother, who is an adventurer in the General 
Joint Stock, he agreeing not to transfer his adventure until the Company 
shall be secured from the demands of any persons in India who pretend 
by virtue of the will of the said Nicholas Serle to claim it. (ij pp.) 

A Court of Committees, January 31, 1677 {Court Book, vol. xxx, 
p. 184), 

The account of Alexander Grigsby [Grigby] to be re-examined and 
reported. The Lawsuits Committee to prepare a clause for insertion in 
the Surat charterparties enjoining the stowage of asafoetida so that the 
other goods receive 'no prejudice by its iU savour*, and, if any damage is 
caused by it, the owners and commanders shall be obliged to make it 
good. By a treaty between the Committee for Private Trade and the 
owners of the Bombay Merchant it is agreed that twelve men shall be 
added to that ship's complement and 50s. a month allowed the owners 
for their wages and diet. Of this the Court approve provided the said 
ship carries out twenty-four guns mounted beyond the Cape ; order is 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


9 

also given that she is to be allowed to carry out and bring home three- 
quarters kentledge. A report touching the explanation of a clause in the 
Bantam charterparties given in by the Committee for Private Trade is 
read and approved. The demands of Mr. Da Costa, concerning certain 
sannoes wanting in two bales he bought of the Company, are referred to 
the Committee for the Calico Warehouse. The account of Abraham Capel, 
late a soldier in the South Seas, to be exanained and reported, 

Sir Robert Southwell to Sir William Thomson, February 2, 
1677 {Public Record Office: C,0, 77, vol. xiii, f. 162).^ 

The enclosed paper from Alvaro de Perez de Tavora was presented to 
His Majesty in Coimcil and referred to the Committee for Trade, who, 
upon perusal of it on the 31st past, commanded me to send you a copy 
and inform you that when the Company are prepared to make their 
defence in this particular, their Lordships will appoint a day to hear 
both parties, and so expect intimation of the Company’s readiness for 
this with all convenient speed. (J p,) 

The Reply of Alvaro Perez de Tavora, February 2, 1677 
{Home Miscellaneous, vol, xhi, p. 320). 

The Honourable Company in answer to his petition question first, his 
'right and propertie in the dependencies of the lands that he claimeth ' : 
secondly,' they allege that he was contented with the small part left him 
by the General Agreement made in November 1672 ; and, thirdly, they 
‘lay upon him a crime of desertion, pretending thereby to confiscate all 
his estates’. In answer to the first point the petitioner presents 'two 
Pattants in the most authenticall forme’, by which the Kings of 
Portugal 120 years ago granted to his ancestors the lands, dependencies, 
and revenues in question, with the same right and in the same manner 
as they were held by the said Kings themselves. These revenues and 
dependencies the petitioners’ ancestors possessed and enjoyed without 
any molestation, as is proved by the twenty witnesses he brings ; and 
also by two sentences (when his said right was in question) given in the 
court at Lisbon ; and so they remained tiU such time as the island was 
delivered to His Majesty’s commissioners. This was so evident that Sir 
Humphrey Cooke, His Majesty's first Governor of Bombay, gave orders 
in September 1665, bidding aU the money of the ‘Coales Fishers ’ to be 
delivered to the father of the petitioner who was to receive all that was 

^ See also Home Miscellaneoits (I.O.), vol. xlii, p. 3x9. 



10 


COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

formerly paid to his predecessors, and, in consideration of these reasons 
the Company sent orders for this to be done. As to the second point: 
that he was contented with what was left to him by the Agreement made 
in November 1672, what could a 'poor oppressed gentleman doe' when 
distant so many thousand leagues from His Majesty and the Privy 
Council, against the absolute power of a Governor able (if he refused) to 
deprive him of the rest of his estate, having nothing but that to live upon, 
but make remonstrance and petition before the ministers of the Council. 
As to the allegation that he desired to command the Militia of Maza- 
gaon: this consisted only of his fishers, tenants, and labourers living on 
his lands, so it was not much to be made their commander, but he 
desired it out of zeal, and as a good and loyal subject of His Majesty, 
for, at the news of the approach of the Dutch Fleet the Governor desired 
the inhabitants to work with aU possible care upon the fortifications of 
the island, and sent orders to the petitioner for his fishers and labourers 
to work too, so he thought that with the additional authority he could 
keep his men in better order. As for the third point: by which his 
honour and reputation (far dearer to him than his Ufe or estate) are 
wronged, he implores justice from His Majesty, and that he will con- 
sider how upon news of the coming of the Dutch Fleet several English 
left the island with their goods, among them some of the Council, as 
Jacob Adams and John Chell, and a proclamation being made that none 
should leave the island, the petitioner wishing to secure his goods as 
others did, the Governor gave him licence under his hand to do so 
(notwithstanding the proclamation), without any limit of time, which 
licence, dated March i, the petitioner presents. The petitioner returned 
the same day having been away three hours in all, but, hearing how in- 
censed the Governor was with him for taking away his goods, for which 
his estate would be forfeited and his person arrested, the petitioner left 
his house to avoid the effect of these threats, intending to make his 
innocence and submission known, as he did by a letter to the Governor 
which he wrote immediately, praying him to 'secure him of his anger 
and suffer him to come to the Fort'. This letter the Governor would 
neither receive nor answer, as is seen by the answer of Luis Carado de 
Lima, Adjutant de Procurador-General of the Honourable Company. 
The petitioner seeing he would not be admitted or heard, on March 2 
went to Mr. Baron, Director of the French fleet, who was in the port, and 
desired his intercession, as appears by his certificate. After, he went to 
the Captain of Baccaim [Bassein] whose certificate he also brings. But 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


II 


seeing that nothing would move the Governor, the petitioner went to the 
Viceroy at Goa, and, returning with a letter from him to the same effect, 
he found a placard on the door of his house at Mazagaon citing him to 
appear to answer the accusation against him. Not daring to appear in 
person, he sent his brother with a petition to the Council, for he knew the 
Governor had sent a company of musketeers to take him at Mazagaon. 
The petition was rejected as 'false and scandalous*. The petitioner 
brings authentic certificates of all this, which he humbly desires may be 
seen. Having done his utmost without any result, the petitioner left 
and came to this court to implore justice from His Majesty, and give in 
the true account of all his proceedings. He protests that when there was 
fear of an attack by the Dutch he did his utmost to be allowed to do his 
duty in the Fort, even while he was so highly threatened by the Gover- 
nor. If the Governor asserts that he has not taken the estate of the 
petitioner, but left his mother in possession, yet she only administers an 
inconsiderable part of it and lives on some other estates which she has 
and which do not depend upon Mazagaon in any manner. The petitioner 
prays for the gracious protection of His Majesty, and that he will not 
suffer him by an unjust and false accusation to be deprived of his estate, 
which, according to article xi of the treaty he should enjoy with the 
same advantages as his father and predecessors had under the dominion 
of Portugal. The petitioner has just received a letter from Batavia, 
dated December lo, 1675, from Joane Mendes de Menezes, his brother- 
in-law and his attorney, advising him that his estate has been taken 
from his mother; upon which Joane Mendes made a protestation, and 
this the petitioner humbly prays may be considered, and that His 
Majesty will be pleased to appoint some of his honourable Privy Council 
to examine all the proofs the petitioner can produce. (2J pp.) 

A Court of Committees, February 7, 1677 [Court Book, vol. xxx, 
p. 185). 

A gratuity of 5Z. is bestowed upon William Morgan for a large map 
and a survey of London he presented to the Company. The Committees 
for Buying Goods and for Shipping to ascertain from the commanders 
of the Surat ships how ready their vessels are to sail from Gravesend, 
and direct them to perfect their charterparties inunediately, as by these 
they are obliged to leave Gravesend by the 20th instant, and the Anne 
and East India Merchant by the loth instant. A report touching the 
account of Roger Brodnax, late a factor in the Bay, is read, stating the 



12 


COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

balance due to him, and that credit had been given him for 120 rupees 
allowed for ten months' house rent and fresh provisions for his voyage 
to Masulipatam ; and order is given for pa3ment both of the balance and 
of the 120 rupees to be made to those who have legal authority to 
receive it. A letter from Sir Robert Southwell^ is read, also the reply 
from Alvaro Perez de Tavora to the answer made by the Company to 
his petition^ presented to the King and transmitted to the Company by 
order of the Lords Committees for Trade; this is referred to the Surat 
Committee who are to confer with Moses, prepare a suitable answer, and 
report to the Court. The Company having begun a suit against Thomas 
Turner, of Stystead in Essex, in the Court of King's Bench, who is will- 
ing to confess a judgement of 500/. if it may be defeasanced for payment 
of 297/. 13s. 8i. and the interest due at Easter term next ; the Court 
agree and direct Moses to draw up the defeasance, and the Treasury 
Committee to affix to it the seal of the Company, On learning that Mr. 
Buckeridge wishes to pay in a sum of money to finish the suit between 
himself and the Company, the Court desire the Lawsuits Committee to 
settle the matter as they think fit. On hearing that the warehouses at 
the African House and Gresham College are, by reason of several stables 
and other small tenements adjoining, subject to danger, and it having 
been proposed formerly to supply the Company with warehouse room 
in the ‘Stilyard' and also near LeadenhaU, the Court desire several 
Committees to examine the said places, see what accommodation may 
be had in either, ascertain upon what terms, and report. The Shipping 
Committee to consider the requests of several persons who desire to send 
out wine and other provisions to Surat, decide on the proportions fit to 
be permitted and report. A gratuity of twenty guineas is bestowed upon 
Robert Ferguson for a treatise entitled 'The East India Trade, a most 
profitable Trade to the Kingdom, and best secured and improved in a 
Company and a Joint Stock', presented this day to the Court. The 
Surat Committee to consider the representation^ drawn up for presenta- 
tion to the Lords Committees for Trade touching the obstruction caused 
by the Portuguese to the trade of the Company at Bombay, and state 
what alteration or addition should be made to the same. Mr. Da Costa 
to be paid with interest for certain sannoes found wanting in two bales 
he bought from the Company. Allowance to be made to buyers for goods 
found to be wanting in any bales opened in the warehouses and so 

* See pp. 379-81 of the preceding volume. 

* Ut infra, pp. 14, 15. 


Ut supra, p. 9. 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


13 


certified by the warehousekeepers. Moses is directed to begin an action 
against John Langham for 2 , 8 ool. owing by him to the Company. 
{2ipp,) 

Memorial from the Portuguese Ambassador to the King, 
February (?), 1677 {Public Record Office: C.O, 77, voL xiii, f. 163). 

Having received orders from the Prince his master to soKcit from His 
Majesty reparation for the violence committed by the Governor of the 
Island of Bombay against the rights of His Royal Highness within the 
territories belonging to him, more particularly in the Island of Mahim, 
adjacent to Bombay, of which possession has been taken notwithstand- 
ing the protestations made by the officers of the Prince ; also instances 
of injustice to several Portuguese inhabitants of Bombay in the con- 
fiscation of their estates, contrary to the condition in article xi of the 
Treaty of Marriage, by which Your Majesty is obliged to maintain all 
Portuguese inhabitants of the said island willing to become your sub- 
jects, in full enjoyment of their estates, revenues, and privileges in the 
same manner as they enjoyed them under the Portuguese government. 
Amongst others thus unjustly deprived of their estates is one Alvaro 
Perez de Tavora, a Portuguese gentleman, and one of Your Majesty's 
subjects in the said island, who, not being able to find any redress, is 
come in person to this court to make his complaints, and implore justice 
from Your Majesty, and restitution of the great estate he possessed in 
the said island. The Ambassador, having express orders from the Prince 
to second the desires of Alvaro Perez, represents to Your Majesty the 
great inconvenience occasioned by the non-observance of the said 
Treaty, not only to the prejudice of the rights of His Royal Highness, 
but of the poor Portuguese His Majesty's subjects who have lost their 
estates and are disappointed in the hopes they had of living happily 
under Your Majesty's laws and protection. All this may impair the 
good correspondence between the two neighbouring nations in these 
parts, and be of very dangerous consequence if the said Portuguese are 
left to the violence of the Governor. Therefore, the Ambassador prays 
that a minister may be appointed to confer with him to examine the 
bounds of the two islands, Bombay and Mahim, and agree by some 
regulation as to what belongs to Your Majesty and what belongs to His 
Royal Highness. Also that in the meantime order may be given for 
Alvaro Perez to be restored to his estates, revenues, and privileges 
* See also Home Misc^laneous (I.O.), vol. xlii, p. 322, 



14 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

which appear to have been enjoyed by him when Bombay was con- 
ceded. 

A Court of Committees, February 9, 1677 [Court Booh, vol. xxx, 
p. 188). 

O’syen Hohnan, surgeon, to be paid head-money for passengers who 
were taken to St. Helena in the Unity. The petition of Richard Davison, 
purser in the Golden Fleece, to be allowed stated damages for calicoes is 
referred for consideration. The Smat Committee to confer with ‘Esq. 
Slingsby ’ about stamps for coining rupees, pice, budgrokes, etc., for the 
Compan3^s trade at Bombay, according to the power granted by His 
Majesty’s Charter to the Company,* and give direction for the prepara- 
tion of such stamps with all convenient speed. Ion Kenn to be directed 
to make a table of all coins, weights, and measures used in India, re- 
ducing them to the English standard, and present it to the Court. 
Treasure to be sent on board the ships for Bantam and Surat as soon as 
they are ready to receive it. Mr. Page, surgeon, to be paid aos. for 
ftya mining two surgeons who were sent to India in the service of the 
Company. The owners of the East India Merchant to be paid 2,890/. 
IIS. 5 (/. in full of her freight. Richard Griffith and others who were 
employed formerly as pepper-fiUers and bag-sewers in the Bombay 
Merchant to be paid what is due to them but not to be employed again. 
A bill of exchange for 52/. drawn on the Company by WiUiam Arundel 
of Falmouth and payable to Richard Mounteney is accepted, and 
ordered to be put to the account of the Unicorn. The Committee for 
Bantam and the South Seas Factories to draw up an address to the 
King addng whether he will be pleased to make any return to the Sultan 
of Bantam for the present he sent to His Majesty. (2 pp.) 

Petition of the Company to the Lords Committees for Trade 
AND Plantations, February 10, 1677 [P.R.O.: C.O. 77, vol. xiii, f. 
206).* 

Stating that they have a right to half the customs of Gombroon, and 
the Portuguese have the same right at Cong [Kongun] . That it has been 
an ancient practice for European nations in the Indies to grant passes 
to the native junks or ships for security in their navigation to Persia and 
elsewhere. But the Company understand from the President and 

^ See 1674-6 volume, pp. 356-8. 

® See also Home Miscellaneous ( 1 , 0 ,), vol, xlii, p. 323. 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


15 


Council at Surat that lately the Portuguese refuse to give passes to any 
junks going to Gombroon, and so force all ships that formerly paid 
custom at that port to go into Cong. This is not only an act of unkind- 
ness but of contempt to the English nation and contrary to the articles of 
peace, and is highly resented by the Governor, Shawbunder,^ and mer- 
chants of Surat as injurious to them in their commerce, and for which, if 
the Portuguese persist in, they may expect retaliation from the Company. 
This is humbly represented to their Lordships that such course may 
be taken for redress of this grievance as they shall deem meet. (J^.) 

Breviate of the Company's memorial touching Bombay de- 
livered TO THE Lords Committees for Trade and Plantations 
February 12, 1677 (PuUic Record Office: C.O. 77, vol. xiii, f. 321).^ 

What the Company possess at Bombay and what privileges of right 
belong to that place. Touching the extent of the harbour. How the 
Company are obstructed by the Portuguese in their trade. Description 
of places, particularly the Straits of Tannah, with the forts and Terri- 
tories thereabouts. Description of Karanja; duties exacted there and 
at Tannah. The monopoly of wood by the Governor of Bassein. The 
Portuguese pretence to share in the Bay, etc., and the resort of their 
shipping there. The ground of their disrespect from Mr. Cook's capitula- 
tion,^ and the impunity of the non-surrender. Expedients used with the 
Viceroy at Goa to remedy all inconveniencies, but in vain. Argument 
for a freedom of trade. Arguments for the extent of the port, and the 
right subsequent to the dominion of the water. That the Company 
ought to repair themselves by the same methods as the Portuguese use 
to injure them. The Company's proposals to the Lords for putting the 
whole matter into a way of redress. {The memorial follows.) 

A Court of Committees, February 14, 1677 {Court Book, vol. xxx, 
p. 190). 

The Committee for the Calico Warehouse to meet next Tuesday 
morning with those members of this Court who can come, to price the 
calicoes and other goods in readiness for the sale. Pepper and saltpetre 
to be rated as follows; Jambi pepper at 'j^d. per lb., and Quilon or 
BUiapatam at *jd. per lb., refined saltpetre at 545. the cwt., other petre 
at 46s. the cwt. Edward Ely, assistant to Captain Prowd, to be paid 

^ Shahbandar. Harbour-master. 

2 See also Home Miscellaneous (I.O.), vol. xlii, p. 281. 

3 See The English Factories in India, 1665-7. 



i6 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

30Z. for one year’s service ending December 25 last. Mr. Hewlings to be 
discharged of his contract on pa37ment of 15/. to the Company for prin- 
cipal and charges. Mr. Houblon reports that yesterday he and several 
other Committees attended the Lords Committees for Trade and de- 
livered the Company’s representation touching Bombay and the ob- 
structions met with from the forts of Tannah and Karanja in carr5dng 
on their trade ; their Lordships seemed to approve of the said representa- 
tion and promised to report to His Majesty and the Council what they 
judge fit should be done in the matter for the encouragement and 
advantage of the Company. The Surat Committee to be desired to 
represent to the Lords Committees for Trade the disrespect expressed 
by the Portuguese to the English nation in hindering their ships from 
coming to Gombroon, where the Company receive half the customs, and 
sending them to Cong [Kongun], Captain Rolt to be permitted to lade 
in the Success and George, bound for Surat, for account of his brother, 
Thomas Rolt, Agent in Persia, 280 ounces of foreign gold on paying 
freight, but first producing his brother’s letter of advice ordering him to 
do so. Permission is also given to James Pearce to ship in the Success 
400 dollars for account of his brother, a surgeon at Surat, on pa3unent 
of freight, 

A Court of Committees, February 15, 1677 {Court Book, vol. xxx, 
p. 191). 

The Committee for Surat Factories to consider the clause in the Surat 
general letter dated January 17, 1676,^ for settling a factory at Camo- 
poly [KamagapeUe], erecting a fort, and keeping a garrison there, and 
report what they think should be done. On receiving a recommendation 
from the President and Council at Surat of Mr. Jessop, who has served 
in the Bombay garrison for seven years, behaving with great diligence 
and faithfulness, desiring that he may be admitted into the Company's 
mercantile affairs, the Court order that the said Jessop be entertained 
as a factor at 20Z. per annum, to begin from the arrival of this year's 
shipping at Bombay, and take his place as junior factor after those now 
there, he to give security in i,oooZ. (J p.) 

A Court of Committees, February 16, 1677 {Ibid,, p. 192). 

The Committee for Private Trade to consider the request of Captain 
Chamlet [Chamblet] touching some errors he alleges to be found in the 
account of the Anne and report what they think should be done ; the 
* See 0 , C, (I.O.), nos, 4099, 4163. 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


17 

petition of Margaret Seymour is also referred to them. The Committee 
for the Surat Factories to read the exceptions made by the Auditor to 
several articles in the Surat books of accoimts and report their opinion. 
Mr. Lee’s bill for turnery-ware to be examined. The owners of the Anne 
to be paid i,o6oZ. in full of her freight and to be allowed to ship in her 
5,000 pieces of eight, on account of her joint stock, free of freight. The 
owners and commander of the Easl^ India Merchant also to be allowed 
to lade in that ship 3,500 pieces of eight, on account of her joint stock, 
free of freight. The petition of Mrs.’Marquesa, widow of Diego Rod- 
rigues Marquesa, and of Rachael, widow of Francis de Liz, requesting 
leave to send 580Z. in the Company’s ships to Goa, it being the value of 
what their late husbands received here for account of their correspond- 
ents in (joa, is read, and, after a long and serious debate the Court 
decide not to accede to their request, (i 

The Company to Captain Zachary Browne, February 17, 1677 
(Letter Book, voL v, p. 402). 

They have freighted his ship the Anne, and the East India Mer- 
chant, commanded by Captain James Cooke, and designed both for 
Bantam. Order him to do his best to get to the Downs and set sail from 
thence by the first opportunity, steering at least thirty leagues to the 
westward of the Madeiras to avoid Turks and other pirates who are 
usually about those islands. On arriving at Bantam, Browne is to 
follow the orders and directions given by the Agent and Council. During 
the voyage he is to keep his ship in a good posture of defence, in regard 
to ‘the troublous times’, keep up the worship of God, and good order 
amongst his men, and use his best endeavours to make a speedy passage 
both outward and homewards and so have a more seasonable oppor- 
tunity of coming about the Cape. On arrival at St. Helena Browne is 
to keep company with as many of the Company’s ships as shall be there 
or come in during his stay, consult with them how best to arrange their 
ships in the event of meeting an enemy, and take rank according to 
seniority in command, be always on guard, especially on nearing the 
English coast and not trust the Turks nor any European nation, as it is 
unknown how affairs may stand before his return. On the voyage to 
and from St. Helena he must, in obedience to the King’s proclamation, 
wear only the usual English flag and ensign (the white flag with a red 
cross, and the red ensign with a white cross).* For better security in his 
* See preceding volume, pp. vii, viii, 385. 

C 


4372 



i8 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

outward voyage Browne is directed to keep company with the East 
India Merchant until he has passed St. lago, because of the Turks and 
other pirates who are usually about there. A letter of the same tenor is 
sent to Captain James Cooke, (i p,) 

A Court of Committees, February 21, 1677 {Court Book, vol. xxx, 
P- 193). 

A black servant belonging to Mrs. Ward to be permitted to take 
passage for Surat in one of the Company’s ships, Mrs. Ward agreeing 
with the commander as to the charge. Michael Godfrey to be allowed 
to lade i,42oZ. in bullion in the Surat ships for account of Caesar 
Chamberlane. 'Esq. Slingsby ’ delivers to the Court a design of a stamp 
for a rupee to be coined at Bombay, on one side is inscribed 'the rupee 
of Bombay’, with two roses underneath, and, in the circle '1677, by 
authority of Charles the Second’ ; and on the other side His Majesty’s 
arms, and, in the circle 'King of Great Britain, France and Ireland’. 
Slingsby states that the King saw and approved of the design last night, 
but that it is impossible to procure the stamps for the engraving before 
the departure of this year’s shipping. The Court thank him heartily for 
his trouble and give directions for the Surat Committee to meet 'Esq. 
Slingsby’ and agree with some able person to prepare the necessary 
stamps for coining rupees and pice, for the Company’s trade at Bombay, 
and have them ready to send by next year’s ships. Directions to be 
given to Bowtel to print the papers of goods as now rated for the next 
sale, and for Richardson to print the papers for drugs and the book of 
contracts. Thomas Gray to be allowed to ship out 800 oz. of gold for 
account of his brother, Matthew Gray, Second at Surat. Order is given 
for the Anne, East India Merchant, Bombay Merchant, and Golden 
Fleece, now bound for Bantam, to be allowed the same privileges as 
were agreed upon by the Court in August last. The Unicorn is offered 
for further service, but her owners are told that there is no prospect of 
her being wanted, yet on receiving the report as to what ships the 
Company are obliged to employ of those built pmposely for them, the 
owners shall be given a further answer. The Treasury Committee to con- 
sider howmoneypaid for interest may be made out in one warrant weekly. 
Alderman Bathurst’s account to be considered next Friday, (ij pp,) 

A Court of Committees, February 23, 1677 {Ibid,, p. 194). 

A gratuity to be given to Henry Bond, the mathematician, who pre- 
sented the Company a treatise he wrote entitled ' The Longitude Found \ 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


^9 

Upon hearing that some persons wish to go to Bombay and reside there 
as merchants and free planters, the Court desire the Shipping Committee 
to give directions for their passage in the ships now bound thither, they 
to pay for their passage and enter into convenants and bonds as others 
have done. A bill of exchange drawn by the Agent and Council of 
Bantam payable to John Paige tliirty days after arrival of the Unicorn 
in the Thames is accepted. Viscount Longford to be permitted to lade 
goods in the Surat ships. On a motion by Mr. Canham from the Com- 
mon Councilmen of this Ward, order is given for payment of 20s. to- 
wards an engine for quenching iBre now being built by the Ward, and 
permission is given for it to be kept in the Company's house in a con- 
venient place. The commanders and officers of the Surat ships to be 
required not to receive or sign any bills of lading for bullion to be laden 
in their vessels, except what is first allowed by order of the Court. 
Order is given for a dividend of twenty per cent to be made to the 
adventurers immediately after the sale as money comes in ; any buying 
goods to be allowed the same in payment, warrants payable to the 
respective adventurers to be made ready before March 13 next. The 
Court resolve to consider next Wednesday how to proceed in the election 
of Governor, Deputy, and Committees for the ensuing year so as not to 
vary in an5rthing from their charter. The account of Alderman Bathurst 
to be stated by the Committee for Accounts, who are to confer with 
Moses about certain particulars now under debate and report to the 
Court, (i^.) 

A Court of Committees, February 23, 1677 [afternoon] { IhU ,, 
P- 195). 

The sum of 3,781?. 5s. loi. to be paid to the owners of the Success in 
fuU of her freight and aU other demands. The Warehousekeepers at 
Leadenhall and Gresham College to be henceforth required to have one 
of their porters present at the opening of aH bales, and where any goods 
are found wanting to note the same in their books which are to be signed 
by all present at the said opening ; they are also to present to the Court 
from time to time a list of goods wanting and of any bales suspected to 
have been robbed, that fitting directions may be given concerning the 
same. Alderman Bathurst to examine the list now presented to him by 
Mr. Beard of goods wanting in several bales from Surat, also to consider 
what goods should be written for to be provided for the next year's 
ships, and report. (| p.) 



20 


COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

Report from the Lords Committees for Trade and Plantations, 
February 23, 1677 (Public Record Office: Privy Council Register, voL kv, 
p. 491).* 

His Majesty having referred to them a petition from the East India 
Company relating to Bombay, their Lordships now report that for some 
long time a complaint from the said Company has been before them 
concemiug injuries received at Bombay from the Portuguese, showing 
that the dominion of Your Majesty in that port and island is much 
infringed, and liberty of trade to the mainland quite interrupted by 
arbitrary taxes imposed at Tannah and Carinjah for only passing in the 
open sea. The Company applied for redress to the Viceroy at Goa, but 
to no effect, so on our advice they are preparing an address to Your 
Majesty praying that negotiations may be entered into with the Prince 
of Portugal to ascertain the right of Your Majesty (by article XI of the 
Treaty of Marriage) in the said port and island and its dependencies, 
that the Company may obtain some return for the great expence (some 
70,oooZ.) incurred by them for the defence of that island, and Your 
Majesty’s kingdom reap the lasting advantages of that trade. As the 
longer these evils continue the more incurable they will grow, the Com- 
mittees think it advisable and humbly offer it as their opinion that by 
the ships now going to India some intimation may be given to the 
Viceroy at Goa of Your Majesty’s care for your subjects and for your 
own sovereignty in those parts by a letter to the following effect: that 
Your Majesty taking into consideration the complaints of your subjects 
the East India Company of the unfriendliness of the Portuguese in 
showing them many severities, contrary to the treaty, is examining 
article XI with the Prince of Portugal, from whose justice you do not 
doubt but that your rights in the said port and island and its dependen- 
cies will be vindicated from that most injurious capitulation forced 
upon Humphrey Cooke at the surrender of Bombay, which capitulation 
Your Majesty is resolved to renounce, Cooke having had no power to 
submit, nor any one power to impose it. That Your Majesty intends to 
represent to the Prince how grieved you are to hear that when your 
subjects trade into the country of the Great Mogul and Sivaji (with 
whom you and the Portuguese are friendly) tribute is demanded from 
them for only passing in the open sea of Tannah and Carinjah in the 
very waters of your own port, which is not to be endured, and Your 

* See also Home Miscellaneous (I.O.), vol. xlii, p. 337 : Letter Books, vol, v, p. 420 : and 
P,R, 0 , : C.O., 77, vol. xiii, f. 205. 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


21 


Majesty doubts not but that satisfaction wiU be ordered by the Prince 
for all so injuriously exacted, contrary to former practice and common 
right, and that His Royal Highness will not only remedy many other 
things complained of, but consider the injury done to Your Majesty and 
the calamity of your subjects by the non-surrender in the beginning. 
That in the meantime Your Majesty has commanded the said Company 
to refuse payment of those arbitrary and imjust demands, as prejudicial 
to the rights of sovereignty and contrary to all the known laws of the 
world, there being no arbitrary duties or customs imposed at the Soimd, 
but only for the benefit of light and seamarks a small recompense is 
allowed, which was never paid until by stipulation and treaty between 
the two nations it was agreed to. That your subjects are willing, when 
they trade to any Portuguese territory, to submit to the duties and 
customs of each place, which is all that justice can require. That Your 
Majesty thought it a just respect to the character borne by the Viceroy 
in those parts, and to the estimation you axe told he has of your royal 
person, to give him this information, not doubting but that whatever is 
right and consonant to the Treaty he will fulfil, and in all occasions of 
friendship he will be courteous and useful to Your Majesty's subjects, 
which you will be always ready to acknowledge. Dated from the Council 
Chamber, when the Earl of Bridgewater, the Earl of Craven, Secretary 
Coventry, Secretary Williamson, the Vice Chamberlain, and the Chan- 
cellor of the Exchequer were present. Appended is the following: The 
King being graciously inclined to promote the interests of his subjects, 
the East India Company, and considering that the arbitrary duties im- 
posed at Tannah and Carinj ah impede their trade. His Majesty approves 
of the report and desires Lord Coventry to prepare a letter to the effect 
desired and requires the Company to refuse to pay the demands imposed 
and resist them as best they can. On reading the report the Company 
liumbly petition His Majesty for the following clause to be added, viz. : 
That they have a right to half the customs paid at Gombroon, the 
Portuguese having the same right at Cong. That it has always been the 
practice for European nations in India to grant passes to the native 
junks and ships, but of late by the Viceroy's orders passes have been 
refused to any junks going to Gombroon and consequently all are 
obliged to go to Cong. This unkindness and disrespect may deservedly 
cause the Company to retaliate, therefore His Majesty is humbly de- 
sired to request the Viceroy to recall this prohibition, or any orders given 
-to the like effect, as contrary to the Treaty, which aims at the union of 



22 


COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 


both nations, the mutual affection and brotherly friendship which 
should be exercised on all occasions, and is heartily desired by the King, 
His Majesty is graciously pleased to approve of the said clause, and 
commands Secretary Coventry to see that it is added to the report 
accordingly. Signed by Robert Southwell. (2| pp.) 

A Court of Committees, February 28, 1677 {Court Book, vol. xxx, 
p. 196). 

Permission to be granted to the followicg persons to lade in the Surat 
ships the several quantities of foreign bullion, pa3dng freight and making 
the required aJBfirmation, viz. Sir Samuel Bamardiston 5,010 oz. of 
silver, for account of Thomas Rolt, George Toriano 45 oz. of silver, and 
Edward Watts 360 pieces of eight for account of Henry Oxinden. The 
Treasury Committee, with such others as they see fit, to examine the 
warrants for dividends in the hands of the Accountant, whether they 
are paid, and give what directions they judge best. A warrant to be 
made out for payment of 25/. 2s, due to the accoimt of the late 
Captain Samuel Smith, commander of the George. Benjamin Reeves to 
be permitted to ship in the Bombay Merchant gold and silver lace to the 
value of 6oZ. free of freight, and Joseph Prickman 20 oz. of silver, 
freight free, for the use of his son. (i p.) 

A Court of Committees, February 28, 1677 [afternoon] {Ibid., 
P- 197 )* 

Permission is granted to Sir Samuel Bamardiston to lade in the Surat 
ships 680 oz. of foreign silver for account of Isaac Reynardson, a factor 
at Broach, on payment of freight ; also to William Tichbome to ship in 
the George 200I. in foreign silver freight free, he taking passage in that 
vessel for Bombay there to live as a free planter and merchant. A peti- 
tion is read from Nicholas Bix, a pensioner at Poplar, and order is given 
for Captain Prowd to pay him 5s. a week, to help him in his sickness, for 
the next month, over and above his allowance. Certain of the Com- 
mittees are desired to go to Gravesend to clear the Surat ships and give 
the necessary orders for their dispatch. The Deputy Governor and Sir 
John Lawrence to advise with Counsel upon the queries Moses shaU 
draw up pursuant to the present debate about the next election of 
Governor, Deputy, and Committees. The account of the late Mr. Wilcox, 
formerly a judge at Bombay, to be examined, his salary while in that 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


23 

employment ascertained and reported. The Committee formerly ap- 
pointed to consider about raising a stock of money for charitable uses 
having made but little progress in the matter, they are now ordered to 
take into serious thought how such a stock may be raised, disposed of, 
and in what manner distributed for relief of the poor, and report, 

A Court of Committees, March 2, 1677 (IhU,, p. 199). 

Permission is granted to several persons to ship out as followeth, viz. : 
to Sir Nathaniel Heme 40 oz. of wrought plate, to Mrs. Lindsey 25 
pieces of eight, to the owners of the George in joint stock 2,000/., and to 
the commander, ofi&cers and seamen 800/., all free of freight ; to Henry 
Parker for the use of his son 10 oz. of foreign gold, to Thomas Thornton 
for the use of his son foreign gold to the value of 10/. and several par- 
ticulars for his apparel, both these paying freight. The owners of the 
Unicorn to be paid 3,000/. in part of freight and demurrage. After re- 
counting their order to the owners of three-decked and two-decked ships 
regarding the limit as to the export of bullion allowed them in joint 
stock, the Court state that, as sometimes the owners do not agree to 
send out a joint stock, m such case each owner shall have liberty to lade 
for his own account such proportion of the sum allowed as his part 
amounts unto, freight free on giving the required afiSrmation. (i p.) 

A Court of Committees, March 7, 1677 P- 200). 

George Paphlon to deliver to the owners of the Unicorn fifteen bags 
of damaged pepper brought back in that ship. A report from the Calico 
Warehouse Committee concerning the demands of George Day is read 
and approved. The owners of the Anne, commanded by Captain Samuel 
Chamblet, to be paid for over lengths of calicoes brought home in that 
ship. The petition of Gabriel Townsend is read and referred for ex- 
amination of the account of salary alleged to be due also as to whether 
his covenants and bonds may be delivered up as is desired. The account 
of the late William Knapton, a factor at Bantam, to be reported. 
Nathaniel Reading requesting that his son Charles now living in Bom- 
bay may be entertained in the Company's service, the Court consent and 
give order for a clause to be written in the general letter to the President 
and Council at Surat to admit him as a writer in the factory at Bombay 
at a yearly salary of 10/. to begin from the arrival of this year's shipping, 
he to take place next after those writers already in the service, (i J pp.) 



24 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

The Company to Captain George Swanley, March 7, 1677 {Letter 
Book, vol. V, p. 425). 

They have freighted his ship the Success, the Bombay Merchant, com- 
manded by Captain Roger Bennet, and the George, commanded by 
Captain Nehemiah Earning, for a voyage to Bombay and Surat, and 
order him to use his best endeavours to get to the Downs and from 
thence at the first opportunity to sail for Bombay. Swanley is to keep 
company with the others for mutual safety beyond the Cape as several 
men-of-war have gone there, so it is supposed that some disturbance has 
occurred which the three ships are to avoid. They appoint Swanley to 
wear the flag, Bennet to be Vice-Admiral and Earning to be Rear- 
Admiral, and direct them on arriving at Bombay to land their passengers, 
soldiers, women, and such goods as are designed for that place, then to 
sail for Surat and deliver the Company’s packet to the President and 
Council and follow such directions as they shall receive for their future 
actions and speedy return to England. They then give the usual orders 
about keeping together, maintaining their vessels in a posture of good 
defence and arranging among themselves as to their several positions in 
case they meet with an enemy, taking especial care on nearing the 
English coast, trusting neither Turks nor any European nation, and 
keeping in remembrance the King’s proclamation about wearing only 
the usual English flag and ensign. Letters of like tenor are sent to Earning 
and Bennet, except that the latter is, on leaving Surat, to proceed to Bantam. 
(i^) 

A Court of Committees, March 9, 1677 {Court Book, vol. xxx, 
p. 201). 

Order is given for the twenty-eight bales of Floretta yam formerly 
bought by Mr. Harington to be offered for sale next Tuesday at 14s. per 
lb. The Deputy Governor reports that he and Sir John Lawrence con- 
ferred with the Attorney-General about the future election of Governor, 
Deputy, and Committees, and the Court resolve to communicate the 
substance of the conference to the generality this afternoon. The owners 
of the Massinglerd to be paid 2,000/. in part of freight and demurrage. 
The Court, on hearing that Mr. Eyles is now willing to pay the 40/. due 
on Captain South’s bill of exchange in pursuance of the Order in Council 
of November 22 last, direct that Thomas Lewes, Paymaster of the 
Mariners, receive the money and desire Alderman Bathurst and Mr. 
Canham to treat about the release of one or more (as the money will 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


25 

serve) of the subjects of the Sultan of Johanna carried off from that 
place by the Captain and sold at Barbadoes and Jamaica. (| 

A General Court, March 9, 1677 [afternoon] [Ibid., p. 202). 

The Deputy Governor states that this Court has been called to inform 
the generality that a dividend of twenty per cent is to be allowed the 
adventurers in payment for goods bought at the next sale, and to others 
as money shall come in : warrants for payment will be ready on Monday 
the 19th instant. He also states that a question having formerly arisen 
touching the manner of election of the Governor, Deputy, and Com- 
mittees the General Court on April 21 last appointed a Committee to 
consider the Company's charter and bye-laws, but they have not come 
to any resolution as yet, therefore the advice of Counsel has been taken 
in the matter both for satisfaction of the generality and that the 
elections may be warranted by the Charter; the Counsel opine that the 
elections must be made by adventurers who are present and not by 
votes sent in, that widows interested in the Joint Stock may be allowed 
to bring in their votes, but not minors. No gratuity having been given 
to Governor, Deputy, or to the Committees since 1674, it is resolved 
that 3,oooZ. shall be divided among the several Committees according 
to their attendance since April 17, 1674, up to the next election, which 
win be three years, this is left to the Court to proportion ; that each 
Governor shall be allowed 200L yearly, and the Deputy looZ. yearly, 
for the like time. This is accepted by the Deputy and Committees *as 
the Generalties kind resentment and respects'. (| p.) 

A Court of Committees, March 9, 1677 [afternoon] {Ibid., p. 203). 

The account of the late Alexander Grigby to be examined in order to 
ascertain what surcharge is to be made, also whether his bonds and 
covenants may be delivered up as is desired. (J p,) 

King Charles II to the Viceroy of Goa, March 10, 1677 {Home 
Miscellaneous, vol. xlii, p. 339).* 

Carolus Secundus Dei gratia Angliae, Scociae, Franciae, et Hibemiae, 
Rex, Fidei Defensor, etc. lUustrissimo et ExceUentissimo Domino 


I See preceding volume, p. zxziv. 

* See also P.R.O.; C. 0 . 77, vol, 13, £E., 210-11. 



26 


COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 


Ludovico de Mendoca Furtado Comiti de Lauradio, Proregi et Capitaneo 
Generali rerum et Regionum Indicarum Auspicijs atque Authoritate 
Serenissimi Domini Petri Portugalliae Principis Regentis etc. Amico 
Nostro Charissimo Salutem. lUustrissime et Excellentissime Domine 
Prorex, Amice Charissime, Subditi Nostri per Indias Orientales com- 
mercia facierites Nobis querelas suas nuper exhibuerunt se parum ex- 
pertos esse ex amicitia ofl&cia quae k Natione Lusitanica sperarunt cum 
^ contra multo durius illic habeantur quam Tractatus Conjugij inter 
nos et Charissimam Consortem Nostram promittere videbatur. Cui 
malo ut obviam eatur elucidacioem undecimi Articuli iUius Tractatus 
jam facturi sumus cum praedicto Fratre Nostro Serenissimo Principe 
Portugalliae a cujus justitia citra dubium expectamus jura Dominii 
Nostri in Portu atque Insult de Bombaim et utriusque Dependentijs 
vindicatum iri ab injustissimi iM capitulatione quam subire coactus 
Humphredus Cooke quo tempore locus ille in deditionem Nostram pri- 
mum transijt. Quam capitulationem neque Humphredus ille potestatem 
habuit accipiendi nec alius quisquam eandem illi imponendi contra 
foedus tarn solenniter et religiose conditum. Itaque statuimus dicte 
capitulationi abrenunciare, ut quae Regiam Nostram dignitatem laedit, 
jurique officit, quod eo plurius aestimamus quia Nobis in parte dotis 
cum praefata Charissima Nostra Conjuge accessit. SupramemoratS. 
Fratri Nostro Principi Portugalliae significabimus quanta cum molestia 
intellexerimus quod subditi Nostri Commercii causa navigantes in 
Dominia Magni Mogolis et Seva-Gi (quibus cum Nobis intercedit ami- 
citia, nec bellum est cum Lusitanis, unde nuUam liberam viam obstru- 
endi praetextus esse poterit) tamen pro transitu solo per Tannah in Freto 
aperto tributum (contra omnium Gentium Leges Moresque) solvere 
cogantur idemque patiantur etiam pro transitu per Carinjah quamvis in 
ipsis dicti Portus Nostri aquis, quorum neutrum aequo animo ferre 
possumus neque dubitamus quin Praedictus Princeps Portugalliae re- 
pendi jussurus sit, quicquid tarn inique et inusitate a Nostris exactum 
fuerit, et praeter alias querelas quibus remedium adhibere non grava- 
bitur, etiam serio perpendit, turn contumeliam Regiae Nostrae personae 
Ulatum turn Calamitates et damna quae subditi Nostri sustinuerunt 
quod dicta Insula de Bombaim una cum omnibus Dependentijs suis 
nobis ab origine bon§, fide et ex pacto (sicut oportuit) tradita non fuerit. 
Interia subditis Nostris e Societate Indiae Orientalis mandavimus ne 
postulatis tarn arbitrariis et iniquis dicta tributa solvende ad Tannah 
et Carinjah se submittant ut quae non minus Regali Nostro Domino 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


27 


quam Consuetis Universi Orbis Legibus adversantur Neque enim in 
Freto Oresundico ad Daniae Littora quicquam vectigaJis ant telonii 
ex arbitrio imponitur nisi modica compensatio pro Pharis et indiciis ad 
navigandi incolumitatem erectis, qnae etiam non prius solvebatur qnam 
per stipulationes, et Tractatns inter Reges super e^re; si igitur subditi 
nostri usitata cujusvis respective Loci Portoria et Vectigalia libenter 
solvere velint (sicut faciunt cum uUa Lusitanicae ditionis Territoria 
Mercaturae gratia adeunt) non videmus quid ampHus ab iis jure possit 
exigi. Haec omnia a Nobis Ex.^^^® peramice significanda esse 
duximus turn ob illustrem Characterem suum, atque authoritatem 
Regiae proximam quam in illius oris meritd exercet, turn ob singularum 
affectum et honores quo personam nostram colere perhibetur, neque 
ullatenus dubitamus quam ipsa non solum omnia quae juri et praedicto 
Tractatui congrua sunt, ex parte sua impletura sit, sed etiam pro ut 
occasio tulerit subditos nostros benevole habitura, et quod illis usui fore 
existimaverit promte effectura nos certe Lusitanis et Ex.^^®® V/®® amicis 
paria referre semper erimus parati. Atque hie finem scribendi hoc 
tempore fecissimus, nisi quod iidem subditi nostri nobis ulterius expo- 
suerint dimidium vectigalium quae ad Gombroone in Persia solvuntur 
sibi jure deberi proinde ac Lusitani capiunt ad Cong in eodem Regno. 
Cum autem ab antique Nationibus Europaeis in India degentibus usita- 
turn fuerit Passaeportus sive Literas salvi Conductus Incolarum (quae 
Junks appeUantur) concedere ut eorum navigatio in Persiam aliasque 
oras tutior reddatur, nuper aeddit contra praedictam Consuetudinem 
Ex.*^®® V.”® mandate Passaeportus ejus modi negari iis qui versus 
Gombroone navigare volimt, quo fit ut omnia iUa Navigia necessario 
cogantur, vel ad Cong vela facere, vel iis se exponere periculis, quibus 
absque Passaeportu obnoxii sunt cursum ad Gombroone dirigentem ubi 
partem Vectigalium AngH (ut dictum est) redpiunt. Quoniam vero ista 
Passaeportum aequalium recusatio non solum malae voluntatis erga 
Nationem Anglicam sed etiam quandam injustitiae spedem habere 
videtur et praedictam Mercatorum Nostrorum sodetatem ad Talionem 
ex parte sui reddendam meritd irritare, ab Ex.^^® V.**® amice et obnixe 
rogamus ut prohibitionem illam revocare veUit, et alia quaevis mandata 
eum in finem edita, ut pote supradicto Matrimonii Tractatui repugnan- 
tia qui nihil prius aut sanctius habuit quam ut Ambae Nationes in 
Arctissimam unionem conspirarent mutuoque aJfectu et fratemi bene- 
volentia se invicem amplecterentur. Quod nos ex animo semper observa- 
bimus, et ab ExJ^® V/® pariter observatum iri speramus. Quam de 



28 


COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 


caetero Dei. Opt. Max. tutelae commendamus. Dab. in Palatio Nostro 
de Whitehall, Decimo die Martii 1676--7. Ex,^ V.”® 

Bonus Amicus 
Carolus R. 

lUustrissimo et Excellentissimo Domino Ludovico de Mendoca Fur- 
tado, Comiti de Lauradio, Proregi et Capitaneo Generali rerum, et 
Regionum Indicarum Auspiciis atque authoritate Serenissimi Domini 
Petri Portugalliae Principis Regentis &c. Amico Nostro Charissimo. 

A Court of Committees, March 12, 1677 {Court Book, vol. xxx, 
p^ 203). 

Moses reports that the Lord Chancellor last Saturday when reading 
the paper of causes to be heard found that Mr. Mainston's is set down 
for hearing this day, but being asked that it might be deferred until 
next Easter term when the Company’s cause against Mainston will be 
ready for hearing, His Lordship ‘inclined to it’, if the Company would 
pay Mainston 500Z., which is less than the value of his white pepper. 
Moses replied he would tell the Company; he then informed the Court 
that the question will arise in this cause as to whether the accounts of 
subordinate factories stated to and allowed by the head factory shall be 
conclusive against the Company as to any further demands. After con- 
sideration the Court decided to leave it to Moses and Counsel to propose 
pa3niient of any sum, not exceeding 500L, to Mainston so that both 
causes may be heard together at the next Easter term. Certain of the 
Committees to consider the proposal of Major Thomson touching an 
allowance to be made to him and Mr. Dewey for late payment of money 
due to them for powder, in pursuance of their contract. George Bowers 
to be paid 25/, 14s. for two medals provided for Messrs. Chambrelane 
andLownds. 

A Court of Committees, March 12, 1677 [afternoon] {Ibid,, p. 204). 

Mainston produces an order of Chancery for pajmient to him this 
afternoon of 500Z. or his cause will be heard to-morrow morning, but the 
Court thinking that the order is not drawn up according to their 
Counsel’s opinion, tell him that the Secretary should show Mr. Kock the 
said order, and, if it is in accordance with the opinion of Counsel, the 
.money shall be paid. (J p.) 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


29 


A General Court of Sales, March 13, 1677 (Ibid,, p. 205). 

Sale of cotton yam, Floretta yam, Jambi pepper, light and white 
pepper, flags of pepper, Caimania wool, cotton-wool, tincal, olibanum, 
aloes socatrina, Lahore and Sarkhej indigo, dust of indigo, shirts and 
skins of indigo, China roots, China ginger, cowries, saltpetre, refined 
saltpetre, redwood, lacca wood, longcloth, salampores, parcallaes, 
morees, bettellees, ginghams, neckcloths, diapers, allejaes, dungarees, 
sannoes, nillaes, cossaes, humhums, izzarees, damaged calicoes, taffetas, 
raw taffetas, large and small quilts, broad and narrow chintz, Serunge 
(Sironj) chintz, chintz kaddy, broad and narrow tapseils, nicannees, 
Guinea stuffs, brawles, brown, blue, and white pautkaes, derebauds, 
b3n:ampauts, broad and narrow baftas, blue and white baftas, sova- 
guzees, raw silk, with prices and names of purchasers. (25^ pp.) 

Richard Watts at Deal to Sir Joseph Williamson, March 16, 
1677 {Public Record Office: S.P, Dom., Car, II. 392, no. 41). 

The two outward-bound East India ships are this noon arrived in the 
Downs. . . • 

A Court of Committees, March 19, 1677 (Court Book, vol. xxx, 
P- 231). 

Warrants are now signed for payment of dividends to adventurers in 
the General Joint Stock, but disputes arise about the following adven- 
tures, viz. : those of Margaret Aston xooL, 20Z. ; Thomas Chester 150Z,, 
30Z. ; Thomas Daval 1,012/. lo^., 202/. los. ; David Hetchstreiter 150/., 
30/, ; Rowland Jewks 100/., 20/; and Timothy Midleton 375/., 75/. ; and 
the claims to these, particularly to those of Daval and Midleton, are 
referred to the Lawsuits Committee who, after conference with Moses, 
are to report as to whom they think are legally authorized to receive 
them ; meanwhile no warrants are to be made out for them, (i p,) 

A Court of Committees, March 21, 1677 (Ibid., p. 231). 

Advices lately received by the Unicorn from Bantam are referred to 
the Committees for that place and the South Sea Factories to consider 
what answer shall be made, and what goods provided to be sent there 
by the Golden Fleece. Representations from William Trjmder and Mr. 
Woolley are referred ;for consideration to the Calico Warehouse Com- 
mittee. Proposals from John Buckworth and Thomas Rider touching 



30 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

the African House and other houses near are read, and certain Com- 
mittees are desired to inspect these, consider what warehouse-room is 
necessary for the Surat goods, and treat with Messrs. Buckworth and 
Rider as to the terms for the fee-simple, or for a lease of the whole or 
any part of them on which they may be had or of only loo square feet 
of the ground upon which to build warehouses, also on what terms they 
will build such warehouses, or repair the part now possessed by the 
Company ; they are also desired to inspect Gresham College and ascertain 
whether it is safe to keep the Company's goods there, or to remove them 
to the African House, and report. Other Committees axe requested to 
desire the Governors of Christ’s Hospital to allow the warehouses at 
LeadenhaU to be examined and put into good repair, as they are 'much 
decayed’. The petition of William Mear is read, and Captain Prowd is 
requested to examine his ability in the art of navigation. Treasure for 
Bantam to be put aboard the Golden Fleece as soon as she is ready to 
take it in. The accoimts of the warehousekeepers, their receipts and 
disbursements to be examined and reported. Dates are appointed for 
the General Courts of Election, viz. Monday, April 23, 1677, for bringing 
in the votes for election of Governor and Deputy, the following day in 
the afternoon a General Court to be held to declare the choice ; Wednes- 
day and Thursday, April 25 and 26 a General Court for bringing in the 
votes for the twenty-four Committees, and on the Friday following in 
the afternoon a General Court to be held to publish their names. The 
list of names will be ready for the adventurers to receive by Monday, 
April 2, and the adventurers are to take notice that they must bring in 
their own votes themselves. Certain Committees to examine the 
accounts of John Richards, assistant to the late Mr. Rous, and consider 
whether his covenants and bonds may be delivered up upon his sealing 
new covenants and giving the same security for the faithful discharge of 
his duty as warehousekeeper at LeadenhaU. At the end of a long list of 
warrants is a sum totalling 3,761?. 7s, lo^. ‘to be made paid in cash’ to 
the following persons, William Veigo, Nathaniel Hornby, Peter Wade, 
and Andrew Duncan, 

The Company to Captain George Swanley, March 21, 1677 
{Letter Book, vol. v, p. 426). 

They have had particular information that some Jews and others 
have gone to the Downs and intend to put a considerable quantity of 
buhioh on board the ships bound for Surat without permission or pay- 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


31 


ment of freight, therefore Swanley is to make strict inquiry as to what 
has been laden in his ship, not approved by the Company, and send 
them a true account ; he is also to examine his officers concerning this, 
and order them not to receive any bullion on board from any one con- 
trary to orders. Letters of like tenor are sent to Bennet and Earning. 

HP) 

Richard Watts at Deal to Sir Joseph Williamson, March 22, 
1677 {Public Record Office: S.P. Dorn., Car. 11. 392, no. 87). 

. . . All the ships, being about eighty, are sailing, except the two East 
India ships which sail to-morrow morning, if the wind stand. . . . 

A Court of Committees, March 23, 1677 {Court Book, vol. xxx, 
P- 234)- 

Certain Committees to consider whether William Meer who is going 
in the Golden Fleece may be permitted to remain at Bantam, and what 
covenants he shall give to oblige him to stay in the Company's service 
and not to trade in any prohibited goods. The complaints of Mr. Woolley 
and others of chintz to be examined. Upon information of some entries 
to be made in the Golden Fleece for Bantam, the Court request the 
Treasury Committee to draw up an affirmation, to be signed by all 
adventurers before any entries are admitted, that these are to be in- 
vested at Bantam and no other place in India, that the money is their 
own, and the proceeds of it to be brought immediately from Bantam for 
their own account alone. The account of Edward Somes, who died at 
Bantam, to be examined and reported. A report touching the adventure 
of the late Timothy Midleton is read and approved, and order given for 
the dividend of twenty per cent to be paid to Richard Midleton in right 
of the widow. Phineas Pett to be allowed to ship in the Golden Fleece 
six iron petars (petards), on paying freight. Warrants to be made out 
for payment of gratuities allowed at the last General Court to the 
Governors, Deputies, and Committees who have managed the affairs of 
the Company for the last three years, ending April 2 next, in proportion 
to their respective attendances, (ij fp.) 

Richard Watts at Deal to Sir Joseph Williamson, March 25, 
1677 {Public Record Office: S.P. Dom., Car. II. 392, no. 104). 

This noon the three East Indiamen sailed. . . . 



32 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

A Court of Committees, March 28, 1677 (Court Book, vol. xxx, 
P- 235)* 

The Accountant states that there is in the book of Transports an 
adventure of 200Z. subscription, of which looZ. was paid, assigned 
February 9, 1674, by John Archer, merchant, executor of Francis 
Archer, of Stanstead, Herts., gent., which is not entered in the Com- 
pany's ledger, not having been approved by the Court, and since that 
time a dividend has been ordered to be paid, besides the twenty per cent 
now due, the Accountant is desired to inform the said John Archer that 
it is necessary for him to make a new transfer of the adventure. The 
owners of the Golden Fleece to be permitted to ship in her 1,500 dollars 
on account of their Joint Stock, and the Commander for himself, of&cers, 
and seamen a like sum freight free. A report concerning some chintz 
bought by Mr. Woolley and others is read and approved ; in this, allow- 
ance is made to the several buyers, the chintz differing greatly from the 
musters it was bought from. The Treasury Committee to consider and 
report concerning the request of Mrs. Hodges touching a transfer made 
by her sister Mrs. Munns to the late Samuel Sambrooke for security of 
looi^. borrowed of him, also of an adventure assigned by Dunkin to 
Mr. Johnson and others, which he had no right to dispose of being only 
guardian to the children of Quarles Browne. The petition of Captain 
William Basse is read, and the Committee for Private Trade desired to 
consider what proportion of tonnage should be allowed him in the 
London in his last voyage, and the Shipping Committee what allowance 
of half-pay is due to him for attendance in the said ship till the time she 
was sold. The Treasury Committee are authorized to provide to the 
value of 20,oooZ. in Seville and Mexico dollars at the most seasonable 
time (having respect to the Company's cash) when the same may be had 
at 5s. ifrf. for Mexico or 5s. 2d, for Seville dollars. ( 2 \pp.) 

A Court of Committees, March 30, 1677 (Ihid,, p. 238). 

The Warehousekeepers at Leadenhall, the African House, and 
Gresham College are strictly enjoined not to alter or mix any bales of 
cloth in, or that shall hereafter come under their charge, nor to make 
any lots of goods without special order from the Committees appointed 
to inspect and take account of the warehouses. The petition of Ann 
Harris to be referred for examination and report. Moses is directed to 
put in suit the bonds entered into by the late Samuel Sambrooke and his 
sureties and to proceed against his son Samuel for his debt to the Com- 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


33 


pany. The Secretary to be allowed to ship in the Golden Fleece dollars 
to the value of 6oZ., he paying freight. A report concerning Gabriel 
Townsend is read, and order given for him to be allowed for the four 
months and ten days he served in India after his account was made up 
in the Company’s books, and for his covenants and bonds to be delivered 
up. Messrs. Baker and Mallory stating that they found 'much trash and 
sweepings’ in one of the chests of aloes they bought at the last sale, 
George PapiUon is directed to examine the aloes and report on their 
condition, in order that advice may be sent to Surat about them, (i J pp.) 

The Company to Captain John North, March 30, 1677 {Letter 
Book, vol. V, p. 431). 

They have freighted his ship the Golden Fleece for a voyage to Ban- 
tam, desire him to get quickly into the Downs and sail from thence at 
the first opportunity. The remainder of the letter contains the same in- 
structions as were given in the letters to Swanley, Earning, and Bennet, 

HP-) 

Gold and Silver bought and weighed, from April 1677 to 
May 1679 {Home Miscellaneous, vol. xvi, pp. 3-43). 

With names of the sellers and the amounts sold. (42 pp,) 

A Court of Committees, April 4, 1677 [Court Book, vol. xxx, p. 239). 

A certificate from George PapiUon touching the chest of aloes bought 
by John Baker at the last sale is read and referred for further examina- 
tion, and report as to what allowance is fit to be made. A complaint 
from Sir James Edwards about certain quilts he bought, which are not 
according to pattern, is also referred for report. The Committee for 
Private trade to examine and report on the petition of Mary Knight. 
Francis Thomson, assistant to the Husband, praying for some con- 
sideration as his work has been much increased, order is given for his 
salary of 80/. to be made up to lOoZ. per annum from Lady Day last, 
because of the additional work he has done in computing the tonnage 
of private trade to India and receiving the Company’s freight for the 
same. The owners of the Samuel and Henry to be paid 1,857/. 5 ^* 3 ^- ^ 
full of freight for her last voyage and of all other demands. The Court 
order that in future in case of dead freight happening in any ship in the 
service of the Company an abatem^t of ten tons for the word ‘there- 
abouts’ shall be made in aU three-deckers, and of 7J tons in all 

D 


4372 



34 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

two-decked ships. A report from the Treasury Committee concerning 
.dividend warrants remaining unpaid to several adventurers is read and 
approved: in this the Committee state that twelve warrants are made 
payable to Sir Edward Winter, amounting in all to 4,000/. which 
sum and more has been made good in his account, so all can be 
cancelled ; a warrant for 39/. 8s. 6i. payable to Nathaniel Wyche should 
be credited to his widow Dame Wyche, now wife of Sir John Cloberry ; 
a warrant for 38/. payable to the late Sir Martin Noel, neither signed nor 
paid and presumed to be stopped as Sir Martin was security for Henry 
Greenhill, about whom a suit was depending but is since ended, so the 
said warrant may be paid; five warrants amounting to 90/. payable to 
Margaret Aston, but as there is a controversy about them between her 
and one Bray the Accountant must not part with any of them until the 
suit is decided; two warrants amounting to 60/. payable to David 
Hetchtetter (sic.) who being dead and his son at Hamburg these must 
remain in the custody of the Accountant until the Court give directions 
about them. There are also thirteen more warrants varying in value 
from 2oL to 100/. payable to the following persons, viz. William 
Beaucham, Thomas Cockaine, Daniel Dover, John Evel3m, Henry Gray, 
John Green, William Johnson, John Miller, Thomas Perkms, Robert 
Snow, and Richard Turner; these amount to 580/. and none of them is 
paid so they should be delivered to the several persons to whom they 
belong, if they can be found. The complaint of Messrs. Trinder and 
Edmondson, concemiug broad baftas bought of the Company but 
wanting in length so not worth the sum paid for them, is referred for 
examination and report as to what allowance is fit to be made. The 
Lawsuits Committee to ascertain what goods and money stand charge- 
able to the account of the late Samuel Sambrooke and to demand these 
from his executrix. Money due to the late William Knapton to be paid. 
(zpp.) 

A Court of Committees, April 6, 1677 (Court Book, voL xxx, 
p. 242). 

A complaint made of the want of some cardamoms in the eighty-three 
bales brought back in the New London to be looked into and the numbers 
and marks of those bales found short in weight to be noted. Captain 
WiOiam Basse to be allowed 15/. for three months' service in the London 
tin the time of her sale, and 9/. 9s. for tonnage, also stated damages on 
twenty pieces of calico as commander of the ship. Captain Reade, late 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


35 


commander of His Majesty’s ship Morning Star, to be paid 7/. for his 
pains in attending the convoy of the Company’s ships in 1673 from 
Kinsale to the buoy of the Nore. An allowance of I2d, a piece to be 
given to Messrs. Paul, Trinder and Edmondson on certain baftas 
returned in the Massingherd, A report, touching goods said to be want- 
ing and allowances desired, is read, and order given for the several sums 
mentioned to be paid to the persons named, but no deduction for 
prompt payment is to be made nor in any case of a similar nature where 
the pieces wanting are only a few, but to avoid trouble in such accounts 
the loss which the buyers may pretend for want of the goods is to be set 
against the discount to balance it. The complaint of Mr. Phips about 
some nillaes wanting in a lot he bought is referred for report, A letter of 
Attorney to be drawn up by Moses to empower Cossen to demand from 
Mrs. Sambrooke the goods, moneys, and merchandise standing charge- 
able to the account of her husband; South and Zinzan to be present 
when the demand is made and the Treasury to affix the Company’s seal 
to the letter of Attorney. A report from the Committees touching the 
Auditor’s Office is read, wherein they state that having called the two 
Auditors before them Cossen chose that part of the work relating to 
Surat and Bantam factories and desired to have Daniel Coles for his 
assistant ; to this the Committees agreed and appointed the other part 
of the work with reference to the Coast and Bay factories to South, who 
is to have Thomas Clarke as assistant. The Committees then ordered 
copies of the scheme of their work concerning accounts abroad and at 
home formerly approved by the Court to be delivered to each of them 
by the Secretary, and desired South to set upon his work immediately 
and receive into his charge all the books and papers belonging to the 
factories under his care. As the rooms now used by Cossen will not be 
convenient for both the offices, the Committees opine that the old Letter 
Office may be used by South and his clerk. They also asked Mr. Beyer 
about the youth lately employed by him ; Beyer said that if Mr. Wood- 
ward may stay he will not need the youth, but requested that as he is 
ingenious and writes well he may be employed at some small salary in 
the Office till some other vacancy occurs. The Court approve of the 
report, but refer the youth’s employment in the Auditor's office for 
future consideration. On petition, Nicholas Bix, a pensioner at Poplar, 
is to be allowed an extra 2s. 6rf. a week for the next three months. The 
Court, on further consideration of their order to the Treasury Committee 
of March 28 last authorizing them to buy to the value of 20,oool, m 



36 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

Mexico and Seville dollars at a certain rate, now direct that the said 
Committee provide the same either at that rate or on the best terms 
possible. On a request for the covenants and bonds of Mr. Grigsby to 
be delivered up, and for a gratuity to be allowed him because of his 
losses and sufferings in the service of the Company, and that since the 
making up of his account and pa3mfient of the balance due to his ad- 
ministrator a surcharge of 5Z. ns. 3^?., omitted to be charged to him, has 
been discovered, and some other pretences made against him when he 
acted as Purser Marine, for which the Auditor asserts the President and 
Council of Surat are liable ; the Court, to put an end to all demands on 
either side, give order for his covenants and bonds to be delivered to 
Sir John Banks, as is desired. The Treasury Committee to afiSx the 
Company's seal to an answer now read to a bill exhibited in Chancery 
against the Company by Mary Goodal and James Best, her guardian. 
The carpenter’s biQ to be examined. (3 pp.) 

The Company to the Governor and Council of St. Helena, 
April 6, 1677 {Letter Book, vol. v, p. 432). 

Their last letter of October 27 went by the Unity in which ship they 
sent a considerable quantity of powder, stores, and other provisions. 
Acknowledge receipt of letters by the Massingherd and Unicorn, with 
books and papers. Hope they are careful to observe all orders, as affairs 
in England with regard to other nations are more uncertain than for- 
merly. Both Houses of Parliament, observing the growing greatness of 
the French, have presented an Address to the King (copy of which is 
enclosed with the answer to it) and since, other proposals have been 
made for a nearer alliance with the confederates, as it is unknown what 
European nation may make a sudden attempt on St. Helena. The 
Company renew their orders that great care be taken to prevent any 
strangers entering either the island or the Fort, and for a constant 
watch to be kept day and night at any place where a landing might be 
effected, not only when ships arrive for refreshment, but at all times, to 
avoid any surprise. This caution is given as, from reports, a consider- 
able French fleet of men-of-war has gone to the Cape, or to India, which 
may touch at St. Helena on their return. Of this all commanders of the 
Company’s ships are to be told and enjoined to be very careful and 
circumspect in obeying orders, keeping together for mutual safety, 
especially as they near the English coast, and not to trust any nation. 
They are not to buy any more blacks for account of any commander or 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


37 


others, the planters to be allowed to supply themselves at their own 
charge as they have opportunity, and, if more servants are wanted on 
the island English men and boys shall be sent. They are not to ask 
consideration for refreshment from any ships until further order. 
Desire advice as to the behaviour of John Wynn who they sent out 
as minister for the island, as to whether he answers the desires of 
the Company in preaching, teaching the children, and keeping up the 
worship of God. This is the last ship to be sent for the Indies this 
year, hence the foregoing advices. They recommend that good govern- 
ment be kept amongst the soldiers and inhabitants, provisions frugally 
disposed of, and due improvements made on the island, and commit 
them to the guidance and protection of the Ahnighty. (i p.) 

A Court of Committees, April ii, 1677 {Court Book, voL xxx, 
P- i^ 45 )- 

John Baker to be paid 13/. 5s. in consideration of damages to a chest 
of aloes bought at the last sale. Humphrey Edwin to be paid 40/. 
towards his rent for one year which ended March 25 last, and the sum 
of 50Z, to be paid to Margaret, widow of Samuel Foote, late a factor at 
Bantam, which is considered sufficient as her late husband's account 
shows that ZoL 13s. grf. is due to the Company for stated damages for 
goods traded in by him in India contrary to his indentures. A report 
from the Committees for the warehouses touching rates to be allowed 
to the porters employed, and rules to be observed by the warehouse- 
keepers is read and approved ; it is to the following effect : that George 
PapiUon, Keeper of the Blue Warehouse, is to employ three porters in 
constant pay at 2s. a day (holidays excepted) who are to work upon all 
occasions and upon all delivery of goods without extra porters, and 
divide what they receive from the buyers, which is paid according to the 
rules of the Company among themselves. Thomas Sprigg to employ 
four porters at los. a week each, and allow them besides upon every 
parcel of goods, out of which and from what they receive fron the buyers 
they are to pay all hired men for receipt and delivery of goods. Charles 
Aston to employ three porters constantly at 12s, a week each, they to be 
paid by the buyers, according to rule, 3^. a bag for casing, loading, and 
for thread, and a bag for marking, numbering, and for ink, this they 
axe to divide, and the Company to pay aU hired men. The two calico 
warehouses to have two men at los, a week each who are to receive from 
the buyers ‘more than the Company's establishment, pretending they 



38 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

knew it not this to be divided between the two men at each warehouse, 
the Company to pay any extra men. Rates of payment for the different 
goods foUow in detail, with instructions to the several warehouse- 
keepers, viz. they are to give due content to all buyers, and deliver the 
goods in order of demand ; to enter an account of them in the day-book, 
the porter assisting to sign or put his mark in the margin for proof of 
delivery. When buyers take a receipt from the Cashier-General for goods 
paid they must also have a printed certificate directed to the warehouse- 
keeper certifying the amount paid. The Court give order for tables 
of the said rates to be framed and hung up in the several warehouses 
and in the Accountant's of&ce. Francis Morris Carpenter to be paid 
77?. los. A bill of exchange, drawn on the Company by the Agent 
and Council at Bantam payable to John Bagnal and John Newton, is 
accepted. After debate on a report of the account of Alderman Bathurst, 
the Court order that the Accountant-General state and settle the said 
account with the interest due, and cancel all contracts relating to it 
except those concerning goods bought and assigned to Samuel Sam- 
brooke on which about 205Z. is yet unpaid. Two reports concerning a 
parcel of quilts bought by Sir James Edwards in 1664, on which he 
demands an allowance as they are not according to sample, are read, 
and the Court decide that they can do nothing, other buyers having had 
the same sort of quilts at the same price. Certain Committees to ascertain 
whether the account of Thomas Lewes is clear, and whether his bond 
may be delivered, a new bond having been signed by Sir Matthew 
Andrews and Captain Prowd for Lewes's faithful discharge of his duties ; 
also whether the account of Captain Basse for his last voyage in the 
London has been cleared and whether his bond may be delivered 
up. A report of both cases is read and order given for both the said 
bonds to be cancelled. The Shipping Committee to examine and 
report on the account of George Laurence, a seaman in the Flying 
Eagle{3j>p.). 

A Court of Committees, Apiul 12, 1677 {Court Book, vol. xxx, 
p. 250). 

One month’s pay extra to be given to Elizabeth, widow of Captain 
James Collier, late commander of the Hannibal, and one month’s pay 
to Elizabeth, widow of John Vincent, of the said ship, over and above 
the usual allowance made to those whose rdations were taken prisoners 
by the Dutch. A request is made that Captain Weslake, commander of 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


39 

the Massingherdf may be reimbursed the looZ. he paid for leaving the 
son of Mr. Perkins at Masulipatam in his last voyage, and, it appearing 
that the Court had sent orders for the said Perkins to remain, but before 
these arrived at the Coast the youth had embarked for England and 
died in the voyage, the xool, is to be paid to the Captain as is desired. 
A report from those desired to ascertain about warehouse-room for the 
Company is read, in this they certify that upon the ground belonging 
to the Blue warehouses others may be built sufficient to hold all goods 
from Surat and Bantam (a draft of the same is shown) and the estimated 
cost would not much exceed i,8oo/. The Court hearing of some ware- 
houses to be had at Cole-harbour desire the Committees to treat with 
Sir Stephen Langham and ascertain upon what terms he will let the 
Company have a lease of this ground at the end of seven years in case 
they shall want to build on it. They are also to inspect the warehouses 
at Cole-harbour or elsewhere that are to be let, and report to the Court. 
The petition of Robert Blackbome, the Company’s secretary, for con- 
sideration of his pains taken in officiating at the Letter Office, com- 
noitted to his charge last May, and for such future encouragement as the 
Court shall think meet, also for some establishment for his son who has 
been with him by leave of the Court all the time, is read, and the Court, 
remembering that when Blackbome was appointed to the Letter Office 
no salary was settled either upon him or his son, direct that he be given 
40/. by way of gratuity for the past year and a like sum added yearly to 
his present salary in future, to begin from last Lady Day, and that his 
son Samuel be admitted to the Letter Office as Assistant to his father at 
a yearly salary of 25Z., to begin from last Lady Day, and that he take an 
oath for the faithful discharge of his employment, (i J pp,) 

A Court of Committees, April 24, 1677 {Ihii,, p. 251). 

Richard Burnaby to be paid 55s. for "his pains, horshire and ex- 
pences’ in his journey to Deal in the Company’s service. The Deputy 
and Mr. Houblon to present a gratuity of 100 guineas to Sir Robert 
Southwell, clerk of the Privy Council, for his great care in drawing up 
the case relating to the Company’s interest in the Port and Island of 
Bombay and its dependencies, and in arranging with the Lords Com- 
mittees for Trade for removal of the obstmctions to the Company’s 
trade by the Forts of Tannah and Carinjah and by the Portuguese re- 
fusing passes to the natives’ junks for Gombroon. Peter Wade stating 
that at the last sale Robert Woolley bought for him some saltpetre for 



COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 


40 

which the money was paid and a demand made for it within the time 
limited, but it was not delivered and has not been fetched away, and he 
is refused the per cent; hereupon the Husband is directed to give 
Wade a certificate for receipt of the said ‘prompt payment', (i p.) 

A General Court, April 24, 1677 (Court Book, vol. xxx, p. 253). 

The Generality are told of the occasion of their meeting, according to 
their printed papers. That a scrutiny has been taken of their votes and 
the choice fallen upon Sir William Thomson to be Governor, and Sir 
James Edwards to be Deputy-Governor ; these two now take their oaths, 
according to custom, in the presence of the Generality. ( J p.) 

Thomas Holden at Falmouth to Sir Joseph Williamson, April 
26, 1677 (Public Record Office: S.P, Dorn., Car. II. 393, no. 69). 

The 24th came in here the Fortune of London. They came out of the 
Downs last Sunday, and met two East Indiamen, one just coming into 
the Downs, having lost ah her masts, and the other coming over the 
Flats. . . . 

A General Court, April 27, 1677 (Court Book, vol. xxx, p. 254). 

The Governor causes the names of the twenty-four Committees for 
the ensuing year to be read, viz. George, Lord Berkeley, the Honour- 
able Robert Boyle, Sir Matthew Andrews, Sir John Banks, Sir Samuel 
Bamardiston, Sir Nathaniel Herne, Sir Arthur Ingram, Sir John Law- 
rence, Sir John Moore, Sir Stephen White, John Bathurst, Christopher 
Boone, Thomas Canham, Josia Child, John Dogett, John Jollife, John 
Morden, Samuel Moyer, John Paige, Thomas Papillon, Edward Rudge, 
Jeremy Sambrooke, Daniel Sheldon, and Robert Thomson. Several 
now take their oaths in the presence of the Generality.^ (| p.) 

A Court of Committees, May 2, 1677 (Ibid., p. 255). 

Deputy Doyly and some other Committees of Christ's Hospital state 
that they have come to inspect the warehouses at Leadenhall which 
they understand are much out of repair and desire that some of the 
Court may accompany them for this purpose and to make an estimate 
of the cost, as the Hospital is imable to bear the burden of it all ; here- 

* Sir John Lethieulier, Sir John Robinson, Michael Davison, James Houblon, Nathaniel 
Letten, Edward Hopegood, Charles Thorold, and Rowland Wynn retire. Sir John Banks, 
Sir Samuel Bamardiston, Sir Stephen White, the Honhle Robert Boyle, Josia Child, John 
Dogett, Thomas Papillon, and Jeremy Sambrooke, are newly appointed. 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


41 

upon Messrs. Child, Moyer, and Canham are desired to go and report 
their proceedings. Sir John Moore, Sir Nathaniel Herne, and Chris- 
topher Boone are requested to undertake the management of the Com- 
pany's treasury for the ensuing year, and are thanked for their great 
pains taken in that business the last year. The officers of the Company 
are re-elected according to custom, their annual salaries being as fol- 
lows : Humphrey Edwin, Cashier-General, at 300^. ; Richard Harris, his 
assistant, gol,, and as Housekeeper, 30Z. ; Edward Byrch, assistant, 80L ; 
Ion Kenn, assistant, Sol. ; John Child, assistant, 50?. ; Robert Black- 
borne, Secretary, 200/., as writer of foreign letters, 40L ; Elisha Coles 
his assistant, 70/. ; Samuel Blackbome, assistant in the Letter Office, 
25I. ; Francis Beyer, Accountant-General, 200/. ; Leventhorpe Altham, 
assistant, 150I. ; Thomas Butler, assistant, looZ. ; Thomas Ashby, 50I. ; 
John Hooper, 50/. ; Robert Woodward, 50I. ; Charles Zinzan, 50/. ; Peter 
Cossen, Auditor for Surat and Bantam, lool. ; Daniel Coles, assistant, 
30Z. ; Samuel South, Auditor for the Coast and Bay, lool. ; Thomas 
Clarke, assistant, 30Z. ; John Richard, Keeper of the Calico Warehouse at 
LeadenhaU, 120/. ; Leonard Bray, assistant, 70Z. ; John Beard, Keeper of 
the Calico Warehouse at Gresham College, 120Z. ; Thomas Persehouse, 
assistant, 70/. ; Charles Aston, Keeper of the Pepper Warehouse, Sol . ; 
David Aston, assistant, 30Z. ; Thomas Sprigg, Husband, 200Z. ; Francis 
Thompson, assistant, lOoZ. ; George Papillon, Keeper of the Blue Ware- 
house, 160Z., and for setting up the candle at sales, loZ. ; Thomas Lewes, 
Paymaster of the Mariners, 30Z. ; William Moses, Solicitor, 20Z. ; Captain 
John Prowd, Surveyor of Shipping, 80Z, ; Thomas Clayton, doorkeeper, 
40Z. ; Michael Prescot, Surveyor of Private Trade, 20Z. Moses states 
what passed at the hearing of Mainston's cause in Chancery and the proof 
insisted on for the Company to make about certain errors in the account ; 
and some of the Committees are requested to see what evidence can be 
produced and report, and those who formerly acted as arbitrators in the 
matter to be asked to assist. Mr. Child reports that he and the other 
appointed Committees, in company with the Committees from Christ 
Church Hospital, inspected the warehouses at LeadenhaU and found 
that the repairs will not be so costly as was feared, so they have agreed 
that the Hospital Committees shall at once do them and leave it to the 
Company to decide as to what they shall pay either in money or rent ; 
of this the Court approve. Certain Committees to consider how ware- 
house-room may be provided for the Company's use, inspect those 
places proposed, and report concerning them. (2 pp.) 



42 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

A Court of Committees, May 2, 1677 (Court Book, vol. xxx, p. 257). 

The petition of Ann Hart, a widow, is read and Mr. Lewes is desired 
to ascertain her condition, and whether she has had any gratuity from 
the Company before. As there wiU be a great loss on the Floretta silk 
bought by Mr. Harrington and resold at the last sale, the Lawsuits 
Committee are to see him about this and conclude the business as best 
they can for the Company ; they are also desired to meet every Tuesday 
afternoon to get in all debts owing to the Company. The Warehouse 
Committees to review the table of allowances to be received by porters 
loading goods, etc., and alter them as they think fit, in accordance with 
the present debate. The Committee for Buying Goods to meet and 
ascertain at what rate forty or fifty tons of Swedish copper Ungar plates 
may be had, or any other goods necessary to be provided by the next 
shipping. The Committees for Bantam and the South Sea Factories to 
meet and consider what is fit to be done to procure a return from His 
Majesty to the present of the Sultan, also whether his copper petties 
should be sold, and, with the proceeds of the copper gun provide the 
great guns desired by the Sultan, or be converted into ordnance: they 
are also to read the advices from Bantam and ascertain what is neces- 
sary to be provided for that place, and what answer to write. The 
accounts of George West and John Floate who were entertained to serve 
in Surat and Persia to be examined in order to ascertain whether their 
covenants and securities may be delivered. A bill of exchange drawn by 
the Agent and Council at Bantam and payable to Sarah Limbery is 
accepted. Richard Burnaby to be paid 3Z. 19s. 4^?. for ‘horshire, charges 
and pains’ in a second journey to Deal with an express for the com- 
mander of the Loyal Merchant The Surat Committee to consult with 
*Esq. Slingsby’ and others and agree with some able person for the 
preparation of such stamps as shall be necessary for making rupees and 
other coins for the Company’s trade at Bombay, according to the draft 
or design of the rupee formerly given to the Court, and have them ready 
by next year’s shipping, (i J pp,) 

A Court of Committees, May 9, 1677 { lUd ,, p. 258). 

The Surat Committee to tell Mr. Slingsby of the method used in the 
Company’s coinage at Bombay, show him that account, and take his 
advice as to what regulation may be made for the Company’s advan- 
tage. Captain Crevat, commander of His Majesty’s frigate Francis, to 
be given a gratuity of twenty guineas for his care and assistance in 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


43 

bringing the Loyal Merchant from the Downs into the Thames, and 50s. 
to give to the pilot or others in that ship, as he shall think fit. The 
Company’s term in the African House does not end until next Michael- 
mas, but the Court is to-day informed that William Rider, the im- 
mediate landlord, has given permission to Mr. Buckworth to pull down 
the arch adjoining the said house on which some of the rooms depend 
and replace it by a wall. For this Mr. Buckworth desires the permission 
of the Company, who leave it to the Committee for the Surat and 
Bantam Warehouse to decide if it will prove prejudicial, and that if any 
part of the said house is taken away an equal abatement shall be made 
in the rent in future, in case the Company shall want to stay another 
year. The Lawsuits Committee to consider the clause in the Act for 
Assessments relating to Corporations, and advise with Counsel whether 
the Company, as a Body Corporate, is liable to be assessed for the stock 
under their management in trust for the adventurers, take their opinion 
in writing, and report to the Court. The owners of the Expectation to be 
paid 3,oooZ. in part of freight due. Captain Nathaniel Owen on behalf 
of the said owners offers the ship for further service and is told that the 
Company do not hold themselves obliged to employ her unless they have 
occasion, so advise him to lose no good opportunity that presents for her 
employment. A suggestion is made to employ the Loyal Merchant in 
another voyage, but the Court declare they will adhere to their former 
rule to employ no three-decked ship 'after she hath reigned sixteen 
years’. Damaged pepper returned in the Expectation and now in the 
custody of George Papillon to be sent back to her owners. The petition 
of Michael Prescot, Humphrey Faircliff, and Morgan Lodge is read and 
referred to the Committee for Private Trade who are to inform the 
petitioners that when it is found necessary to advance any money to 
waiters or tidesmen employed in the Company’s ships they must have 
receipts stating that so much has been received by them in part of their 
wages. The Surat Committee are desired to attend the Lords Com- 
mittees for Trade next Tuesday morning when the complaint of Signor 
Alvaro Perez is to be heard. The owners of the Unicorn offering her for 
employment are told there is no prospect of any for her, but, in case the 
Company shall need any further tonnage, their desires shall be con- 
sidered; the same answer is given to the owners of the Massingberd 
offered for service by Lord Berkeley. The accounts of Daniel Lacoy and 
Thomas Jones to be stated. The Committee for Private Trade to take 
the most effectual means of securing the private trade goods laden in the 



44 


COURT MINUTES. ETC., OF THE 


Company’s ships expected home this year ; and employ a nimble vessel 
to go at once to the westward to look out for them and special charge 
is to be given to Prescot, FaircM, and all the waiters to act with all 
possible diligence in the trust committed to them.* (ij pp.) 

A Court of Committees, May 9, 1677 [afternoon] {Court Book, 
vol. XXX, p. 260). 

The Court, being informed that the Commissioners for Assessments in 
London have been moved to make the Joint Stock of the Company 
hable to the seventeen months’ assessment now to be raised in the City, 
desire the Lawsuits Committee to advise with learned Counsel in the 
case, and report their opinion to the Court. The covenants and bonds 
given by George West and his securities to be delivered up to be can- 
celled. i^p.) 

Royal Warrant, May 15, 1677 {Public Record Office: King’s Warrant 
Book V, pp. 361-5). 

For a privy seal for the passing of the Earl of Anglesey’s accounts as 
Treasurer of the Navy. . . . Fmd:her the sum of 3,900!. 12s. 6i. has been 
paid to the East India Company for the interest of 50,000!. lent by the 
said Company for the Navy, such interest being paid by orders on the 
Eleven Months’ tax assigned by the Earl of Anglesey to the said 
Company. . . . 

Petition of Alvaro de Perez de Tavora to the Lords Com- 
mittees FOR Plantations [May 15, 1677], {PMic Record Office: C.O. 
77, vol. xiii, f. 226). 

Their Lordships having appointed this forenoon to hear his cause, the 
petitioner has endeavoured to come with his Counsel to make out the 
several matters contained in his petition, but being term time his 
Counsel cannot be prevailed upon to attend in the morning. Therefore, 
the petitioner humbly prays that the hearing may be put off tiU some 
days after the term, or else that it may be heard in the afternoon during 
the term, that so ‘he may not be surprised for want of his Counsel’. 

A Court of Committees, May 16, 1677 {Court Book, vol. xxx, p. 261). 

The petition of Richard Ebume is read and referred to the Committee 
for the Husband’s warehouse. Mr. Papillon states that the Committee 

* Among the warrants signed is one for gai. irs. gd. ‘made paid in cash’. 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


45 

for Bu37ing Goods by advices received from Hamburg understand that 
copper is like to be very scarce this year, the correspondence between 
Hamburg and Sweden not being as formerly, so the price is 63 dollars 
the ship-pound, but there is a parcel of Ungar plates in private hands 
which may be had at 60 dollars, also two parcels of Swedish copper 
plates in London which may be bought from Messrs. Townley and Lee 
at 5Z. 15s. the cwt, or thereabouts, also a quantity of copper in bars 
prepared for making farthings. The Committee are directed to buy 
what quantity they can of the Ungar plates, not above fifty tons, at the 
best possible terms, but not to give more than 60 dollars the ship- 
pound, which is a high price ; this to be laden in English ships bound for 
London by September i next. They are also to treat for the copper 
plates and bars to be had in town, if these can be had on reasonable 
terms. The request of Captain Field, Governor of St. Helena, that 30Z., 
part of his salary, may be paid to his wife, is referred to certain Com- 
mittees to ascertain what money Mrs. Field has already received. The 
Deputy Governor states that he with others of the Surat Committee 
waited on the Lords Committees for Trade at Whitehall yesterday 
morning, being the time appointed for hearing the case of Alvaro Pirez, 
but Pirez declaring that he was not ready as he could not procure 
Counsd this term time. Their Lordships, 'iU resenting this disappoint- 
ment, declared they would consider of some other time* and let the 
Company have notice. The Deputy Governor also relates what took 
place before the Lord Mayor and the other Commissioners for Assess- 
ments in taxing the Company as a Body Corporate for the Joint Stock 
at 150/., per month; hereupon the Court give order for the Lawsuits 
Committee to prepare by next Friday an address to be presented to the 
Commissioners at their next meeting, praying that the Company may 
be heard by their Counsel before any order is issued in the matter, and 
all members of the Court, not in commission for the assessment are 
desired to be present at the delivery of the said address. The owners of 
the Massin^berd to be paid 579Z. i6s. 4^?. in full of her freight and all 
other demands, and the owners of the Unicorn i,6ooZ. in part of her 
freight. Thomas Jones to be paid 15/. 8s. iirf., and the two boatmen 
who carried down the Company’s treasure during the great frost to be 
given a gratuity of 3Z. The complaint of Mr. Wagstaff, touchiug some 
pieces wanting in a bale of betteUees, to be examined. A bill of exchange 
for 75Z. drawn by Agent White and Council at Bantam payable to 
Richard Cradock, and a bill for 75^. 15s. payable to John Thombush 



46 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

and the owners of the Expectation are accepted. The petition of Lore 
Philips, a widow, is read and referred for examination, (if pp,) 

A Court of Committees, May i8, 1677 {Court Book, vol. xxx, p. 263). 
' An order from, the High Court of Chancery is presented to the Court 
directing the payment of i,8ooZ. to Mr. Mainston by the Company with- 
in seven days also for the nomination of six merchants on either side to 
peruse Mainston’s account. The following merchants are named : for the 
Company, George Thomson, John Banks, John Morris, John Polixfen, 
John Houblon, and Robert Hubbold; for Mainston, Richard Young, 
John Bawden, Thomas Smith, Richard Onslow, Robert Williams, and 
Peter Rich ; and Mr. Mainston's attorney is told that the Company will 
advise with their Counsel about the money ordered to be paid to Main- 
ston, and give their answer at the next Court day. Mr. Scudamore states 
that he was asked by Sambrooke to present the petition and papers he 
now delivers in ; hereupon the Committee for Accounts are desired to 
consider these, adjust the account of the petitioner the best way they 
can, and report to the Court, (i p,) 

Sir Nathaniel Herne to Charles and James Banks, May 18, 
1677 {Letter Book, vol. v, p. 434). 

Having noted what they have written about the price of copper and 
that they may be able to procure some Ungar plates at sixty rix dollars 
the ship-pound, though the price is high and dearer than what was 
bought last year, yet being confident that they will do their utmost to 
buy cheaply, Sir Nathaniel orders them to buy a parcel of Ungar plates 
not exceeding fifty tons, if they are to be had at or under the above- 
named price, but hopes they may be cheaper, good thin plates as have 
been sent before. For payment they are to draw at sight on Sir William 
Thomson, the Governor, and send them consigned to him by any good 
English-built ships that have passes. They are to buy only those that 
can be shipped off before September i next, and advise the Governor 
from time to time of what they do in this business. (J p,) 

A Court of Committees, May 22, 1677 {Court Book, vol. xxx, p. 264). 

Mr. Richards states that some of the Hospital Committees have taken 
a review with their workmen of the defects in Leadenhall warehouse and 
find that those in the walls and timber are far greater and likely to be 
much more costly than was formerly reported, consequently cannot be 
<iuickly repaired. The matter is referred to certain of the Committees 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


47 

who are to meet the Committees of Christ Church Hospital and get full 
information as to whether the needful repairs can be done so that the 
warehouses may be ready to receive the goods the Compemy expect 
this summer. A report is made of what passed yesterday before the 
Commissioners for Assessments about taxing the Company as a Body 
Corporate for the Joint Stock under their management and of a notice 
given that the Commissioners are to consider the matter again on 
Thursday ; the Lawsuits Committee are desired to consider whether it is 
necessary for the Committees to attend with Counsel, and to do in the 
matter as they think fit. The owners of the Loyal Merchant to be paid 
4,000/. in part of her freight. The Honourable Charles Bertie having lost 
the warrant made out for the last dividend of twenty per cent, amount- 
ing to 100/., and wishing that another may be given him to receive that 
sum, order is given for the Accountant-General to make out a second 
warrant for payment of the 100/. to Mr. Bertie who in his receipt is to 
undertake that neither he, his executors or assigns will demand the 
money upon the first warrant if it should be found, but that it shall be 
given up to the Governor and Committees to be cancelled, (i p.) 

A Court of Committees, May 25, 1677 [lUd,, p. 265). 

A general letter that came from Bantam in the Lancaster is read and 
referred to the Committee for Bantam and the South Sea Factories to 
see what should be provided for those within that Agency and what 
answer should be dispatched there. A representation from the owners 
of the Loyal Subject is read and referred to the Committee for Private 
Trade who are to report their opinion about the tonnage and freight of 
that ship. The sum of 1,800/. to be paid to William Mainston by the 
Company, pursuant to a decree in the High Court of Chancery. A 
gratuity of 26/. to be paid to the Ofi&cers of His Majesty's Customs at 
Gravesend for their pains and care in clearing the Company's ships last 
year. The Shipping Committee to examine the demands of the officers 
at Gravesend for head-money for passengers who went in the Company's 
ships to India, and see that what is due is paid. A petition from Samuel 
Baron is read and referred to the Bantam Committee to ascertain if he 
has an3d:hing fresh to offer, and report. Pepper to be delivered to the 
owners of the Loyal Merchant A petition is read from Edward Evans, 
Thomas Floyd, and Rice Bagot, tidesmen, who were dismissed for 
neglect of duty ; and the Court upon their submission and promise 
of future diligence agree to their readmission into the service, (i p,) 



48 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

A Court of Committees, May 30, 1677 (Court Book, vol. xxx, 
p. 266). 

Thomas Winter’s request that his demands concerning shortage in 
goods delivered to him may be reconsidered is. refused in accordance 
with a report from the Accounts Committee, yet certain of the Com- 
mittees are desired to hear his allegations and show him the unreason- 
ableness of his demands. A statement of Samuel Sambrooke's account 
is delivered, by which it appears that goods to the value of 14,582/. iis. 
6 L are wanting, and the Court hearing that he is willing to make known 
those who had part of the said goods, and to give satisfaction as far as 
he can, refer the matter to certain of the Committees who are to speak 
with him and do their best to recover the debt. Messrs. Child and Moyer 
state that the Committees for the Hospital assure them that the repairs 
at Leadenhall shall be done so that the Company’s goods expected this 
summer may be accommodated. The owners of the Expectation to be 
paid i,oooZ. in further part of her freight. The Lawsuits Committee to 
present to the Court a true statement of the Company’s case against 
Agent Dacres and John English. The Treasury to affix the Company’s 
seal to their answer to the bill in Chancery exhibited by Aime and 
Richard Middleton. The account of Thomas Dimston to be reported. 

A Court of Committees, June i, 1677 (lUd., p. 267). 

The sum of 20Z. to be paid to Mrs. Friswith Field, wife of Captain 
Gregory Field, Governor of St. Helena ; and 60Z. to Lore Philips, admini- 
stratrix of John Philips, chief mate in the Return. Mr. Scudamore gives 
in a list of goods Sambrooke confesses to have sent to his correspondents 
at Cadiz and other places; and certain Committees are requested to 
speak with Sambrooke, read the letters and advices written concerning 
the said goods, use the most effectual means possible to recover the 
money due for them, and report. Upon a report from the Treasury 
Committee of October ii last a warrant was passed for payment to the 
late Farmers of the Customs of 384Z. iis. irf. on an affidavit being made 
by Mr. Mounteney that 206Z. 4s. 7^., part of that sum, had never been 
received by him and the Court now consent to Mounteney’s attestation 
being accepted instead of his oath, for reasons mentioned in the report, 
on a discharge being given by the Fanners of the Customs in full of all 
demands, (i^.) 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


49 

Notes by Sir Joseph Williamson about the case of Alvaro 
Perez, June 12, 1677 {Public Record Office: S,P. Dorn., Car. IL 366, 
P. 347 )- 

Perez complains that he had certain estate, fishings, etc., by descent 
from his ancestors for 100 years and upwards. Co6ke,^ when Governor, 
in 1665, orders these estates to be delivered to the father of Perez. Sir 
Gervase Lucas, when Governor,^ seizes on this estate. In 1671, the 
Company coining to be lords of Bombaim, their Governor gives the 
petitioner parts of the estate, but seizes the rest to the use of the Com- 
pany. In November 1672 the petitioner was forced to an agreement, 
but the Company’s Governor afterwards seizes on all the estate of Perez 
on pretence that he had withdrawn himself out of the island and 
abandoned his post as a captain of the militia; and now the Company 
insist that the petitioner should come and be tried on the island per 
medietaiem. It is answered that he had leave in 1673, that he did but 
what others did, etc. He dares not go into the island to be tried, etc., 
but prays justice from the King here. He insists that he had licence 

from the Governor to go off the island The King’s patent gives the 

Company the justice of the island, and it is hoped the Lords will not take 
cognizance of cases fallen out there. . . . 

A Court of Committees, June 13, 1677 {Court Book, vol. xxx,p. 268). 

Robert Balle and Francis Gosfright to be written to at Leghorn and 
told to buy twenty chests of the best Grezio coral if it is to be had at 
2 \ dollars and not exceeding 3 dollars the pound Leghorn weight, also 
five chests of Ricaduti coral, the best kind, at the cheapest rate pro- 
curable, and send these in two ‘English-built ships of force ’, but if only 
small vessels are available then to divide the coral and put it in as many 
as can be laden for London by September 30 next. They are also to 
advise whether any good coral beads from one-quarter to half an ounce 
or bigger may be had, round, smooth, without holes and not stopped 
with wax, and the quantity and price. A petition from Samuel Sam- 
brooke presented by Mr. Scudamore is read, and certain Committees 
are requested to speak with Sambrooke, in accordance with an order of 
the 1st instant, and endeavour by the best means possible to recover the 
money due from him to the Company. The request of Mr. Brerewood 
for payment for goods not delivered and goods damaged is referred to 

* Humphrey Cooke, Governor, February 1665, to November 5, 1666. 

* Acting Governor, November 5, 1666, to May 22, 1667. 

E 


4372 



50 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

certain Committees to examine the facts and report their opinion, for 
the satisfaction both of Brerewood and of others who have made similar 
demands. The Committee for the Surat warehouse to inspect some 
sovaguzzees, part of a bale bought by Mr. Collins, which he complains 
are full of holes, to ascertain in which ship they came, the marks and 
number of the bale, so that satisfaction may be procured from Surat and 
similar complaints prevented in future; they are also to inspect some 
tapseils said to be coarser than the sample they were bought by, and 
report the matter to the Court. The account of the late Thomas Baily 
to be stated. The petition of Rebecca Edwards is referred for examina- 
tion. (ilpp-) 

A Court of Committees, June 15, 1677 {Court Book, vol. xxx, 
p, 270). 

Sir Matthew Andrews stating that the plaster work of the Almshouse 
at Poplar is decayed in many places, direction is given for this to be put 
in good repair, the cost not to exceed 15Z. ; also for 40s. to be allowed to 
the Minister of Poplar to set up the fence belonging to the Company's 
ground which he enjoys, and to keep it in repair without further charge 
to the Company. The Shippmg Committee to inspect the 'rise and 
foundation' of the Almshouse and what constitutions were originally 
made for its government, what money has been given towards its main- 
tenance, and how much there is in stock, also what the annual cost and 
expenses of the Almshouse and pensioners amounts to, what account is 
kept of this, also what has been the usual course of admitting the pen- 
sioners, prepare rules and instructions for its good government in future, 
and make a full report. Susannah Baily, mother and administratrix of 
the late Thomas BaUy, a writer at Bantam, to be given 41/. 15s. id. in 
accordance with the following report: after stating that the above sum 
is due to Baily's account and should be paid to his mother as adminis- 
tratrix the report adds: part of that sum is due to Richard Cradock for 
some wine he sent in the Roycd Eagle to Captain William Limbery who, 
d5nng before the arrival of that ship, the Captain of the Royal Eagle 
never delivered the letter containing the bill of lading, but brought it 
back and no one asked him, Captain BoneU, for the wine, so Abel Paine, 
purser marine, disposed of it supposing (wrongly) that it belonged to 
Baily and put the proceeds to his account, but has since discovered his 
error and told Captain Nathaniel Owen and Christopher Boone that the 
books for that time being shut up and balanced, the error could not be 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 51 

rectified, but he proposes that Mrs. Baily, as administratrix, should give 
the Company full discharge for the whole sum and pay Cradock for his 
share. The petition of Elizabeth Reade is read and referred. The 
Accoimtant reports that upon examination of the accounts of the 
keepers of the Calico Warehouses he finds there are many pieces missing, 
and so wishes to know how to charge for these ; this is referred to the 
Committees of the said warehouses to consider whether the pieces were 
‘ short told in India’, plundered or embezzled on the way to the several 
factories, or incorrectly counted here, and report what they think should 
be done. The petition of Hannah Brown, whose husband went out in 
the Antelope, is read and referred until it can be ascertained whether she 
received the same gratuity allowed to others. Moses to be paid 100/. for 
disbursements for lawsuits. Mr. Scudamore states that Sambrooke has 
been hindered in perfecting his accounts with particular persons not 
being able to wait on them because of the prosecution against him, but 
that he is ready to make assignments of the debts owing to him abroad 
and at home, if his father's bond might be delivered ; but he having 
failed to keep this promise the Court tell Mr. Scudamore that they look 
upon it as a denial, and so are resolved to proceed and take out an 
execution against Sambrooke ; but if he has an3d:hing further to say 
there will be a meeting of the Committees in the afternoon to whom he 
might apply. Moses is ordered to take out execution against Sambrooke 
on the judgments entered against him. (2 pp.) 

Report of the Lords Committees for Trade and Plantations 

TOUCHING THE COMPLAINT OF ALVARO PIREZ DE TAVORA AGAINST THE 
Company, June 15, 1677 {Public Record Office: Privy Council Register, 
vol. Ixvi, p. 47).* 

Having in obedience to Your Majesty’s Order in Council of January 17 
last examined the complaint of Alvaro Peres de Tavora against the 
Company for injuries done him at Bombay and detention of his estate 
there, and having also been attended by several members of the said 
Company and by the said complainant, together with Counsel learned 
on both sides, we presume to lay before Your Majesty that, as aU 
matters represented imto us appear to have passed at Bombay where 
Your Majesty’s royal charter granted unto the said Company has con- 
stituted such courts of judicature as by the laws of England are requisite 
for the decision of cases of this nature, so we do likewise find that justice 

* See also P.R.O.: C.0. 77, vol. xiii, p. 228, and Home Miscellaneous, vol. xlii, p. 342. 



52 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

has not as yet been denied unto the complainant upon any formal trial 
at law to be demanded according to the custom of the place, and posi- 
tive right of Your Majesty’s subjects residing there. In consideration 
whereof we are most humbly of opinion that it does not consist with 
Your Majesty’s justice to give sentence in this place upon a cause which 
does originally belong to the courts of Bombay, and that he be there- 
fore left to apply himself unto the said courts for redress of the injuries 
complained of by him, since if otherwise Your Majesty’s subjects were 
encouraged to decline the ordmary course of law established in those 
parts, as well Your Majesty’s sovereignty as the jurisdiction of the said 
Company would receive a very great diminution and prejudice by such 
irregularity of proceedings. Appended is the approval of His Majesty 
to the above report, with order for Alvaro Perez to be left to apply for 
redress to the courts of judicature at Bombay, (ij pp,) 

The Company to Charles and James Banks, June 15, 1677 {Letter 
Booh, vol. V, p. 435). 

Acknowledge the receipt of a letter from them of the 29th ult. from 
which they understand that 2,400 Ungar copper plates have been 
bought at 58 and 59 rix dollars the ship-pound, and that a greater 
quantity can be obtained next month if desired. The Company approve 
of this purchase but fear the plates will weigh above fifty tons. They do 
not wish for any more and desire that the plates already bought be laden 
on some English-built ships that have free passes and consigned to the 
Company. For payment they are to draw upon them at short time. 

(i^) 

The Company to Messrs. Balle, Gospright and Company, June 
15, 1677 P- 435 )- 

They have as yet received no advice as to what encouragement there 
may be for the purchase of coral, but suppose this year there are not 
many competitors and therefore it should be reasonable in price. Direct 
them to buy twenty chests of the best well-coloured and largest Grezio 
coral if it can be had for or at the most 3 dollars the Leghorn pound. 
Each chest not to exceed three hundred pounds, the large branches to 
be packed in a box by themselves and put in the middle of every chest ; 
also five chests of the best Ricadutti coral as cheap as possible of the 
same weight, and lade aH in English-built ships with free passes, to leave 
Leghorn before September 30, or sooner if possible. They are to take 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


53 

especial care in buying the coral, as last year the Grezio was very small, 
and stop the former practice of taking two great branches out of every 
chest. For pa3nnent they are to draw bills on the Company which sh^ 
be punctually paid. Desire them to advise how much coral there is 
likely to be this year, the names and nationalities of purchasers, and 
what is likely to be the market price, also whether there are any good 
coral beads to be had, from one quarter ounce or half an ounce, or larger, 
their price, weight, and colour, that the Company may order a parcel. 
They hear that one Abraham Mocarto, a Jew at Leghorn, has formerly 
wished to sell good coral beads at reasonable rates, direct them to 
ascertain particulars from him or others where the beads may best be 
obtained, as they know that Genoa is the usual place to buy them. 

<IA) 

The Company to Henry Hampson at Amsterdam, June 15, 1677 
{Ibid., p.436). 

The East India Company, having for many years employed the late 
Samuel Sambrooke as warehousekeeper and his son, Samuel, as his 
assistant, find upon examination of their accounts many calicoes and 
other goods of very considerable value missing, which were in their 
custody, and, after many months spent in trying to unravel this busi- 
ness, Sambrooke, Junior, has acknowledged and signed a declaration 
that great quantities of goods were sent from the warehouse and dis- 
posed of to divers persons both here and abroad, and amongst others to 
Hampson at Amsterdam were consigned goods to the value of seven 
hundred pounds, for which no return has been made. The Company 
now claim the said goods or their value and desire that these, or the 
proceeds made by their sale may be detained until further advice is 
received, and that no return of the value be made to Sambrooke, Junior, 
or to any other person. The Company, on receiving from Hampson an 
account as to what the goods are and how disposed of, will send further 
advice. Meanwhile they ask for an answer by the first opportunity. 

The Company to John Selwyn and Company, June 15, 1677 
{Ibid., p, 436). 

T he contents of this letter are the same as the letter sent to Henry Hampson, 
except that in this case goods to the value of 4,500! were consigned by 



54 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

Samuel Sanibrooke to John Selwyn and Company at Cadiz, The Com- 
pany, as in the former letter to Hampson, claim the goods or their 
value, and desire that nothing he returned to Sambrooke. They state 
that on receiving an account of what the said goods are, and how dis- 
posed of, they will advise further, and beg a speedy answer by the first 
opportunity. (J p.) A letter of the same date and to the same effect is sent 
to Elias Russell at Bilhoa, but in this case goods to the value of 200L were 
sent. In like manner the Company demand the said goods or the proceeds 
made from their sale and ask that nothing be returned to Sambrooke, They 
state that as soon as they receive an account of the goods and of their dis- 
posal they will advise further, and pray for an answer by the first oppor- 
tunity, {\p-) 

A Court of Committees, June 20, 1677 {Court Book, vol. xxx, 
p. 272). 

Mr. Paige to wait on Secretary Williamson to ascertain what return 
the King will be pleased to make to the Sultan of Bantam for the pre- 
sent, about the value of 600Z,, he sent lately to His Majesty. The copper 
pettees and broken gun received from the said Sultan to be offered for 
sale next September, their value to be ascertained meanwhile, and what 
they fetch to be expended in such guns as the Sultan desires. Forty or 
fifty fine Worcester cloths to be provided, dyed, and dressed, also 150 
perpetuanoes and 200 matchlock muskets for sale in the South Sea 
factories. The Bantam Committee to consider the particulars desired 
by the King of Siam, estimate their value, and which are suitable to be 
sent to him, and report to the Court. Rebecca, wife of John Edwards, 
who in 1674 was entertained to serve as a dyer in Bengal, to be paid zol. 
The Shipping Committee to examine the demands of the officers and 
men lately serving in the Bantam, advise with Agent Dacres, examine 
the respective accounts, and report what is fit to be done. The account 
of Thomas Coats to be stated. The owners of the Loyal Merchant to be 
paid i,oooZ. in further part of her freight. A paper, drawn up by the 
Committees and now produced, concerning Sambrooke, to be set up on 
the Exchange next Friday, unless in the meantime he assigns to the 
Company the goods he sent to Cadiz, Bilboa, and Amsterdam and those 
he delivered to several persons in London, with the names of the re- 
cipients, in which case he is to be allowed to go about his business for a 
week, going and returning from the Company’s House without any 
hindrance, {x^pp.) 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


55 

Order of the East India Company, June 20, 1677 {Public Record 
Office: S,P, Dom,, Car, IL 394, no. 108). 

That one of the Secretaries of State be desired to move His Majesty 
as to what return he will make to the present lately sent from the Sultan 
of Bantam, being to the value of 600Z., and to represent that, if His 
Majesty order 200 barrels of powder to be sent in the Company's next 
shipping, it might be acceptable to the Sultan, and Mr. Paige is desired 
to attend Secretary WiUiamson on this occasion. 

A Court of Committees, June 22, 1677 (Court Book, vol. xxx, p. 273). 

A bin of exchange for 41Z. $s, drawn by the Agent and Council at 
Bantam payable to Sarah Limbeiy is accepted. The petitions of Solo- 
mon Rogers, a soldier, and John Ampes, a planter, are referred to the 
Shipping Committee ; who are also desired to give direction for a small 
vessel or smack to be entertained to be employed in awaiting the return 
of this year's shipping from India for their better security in sailing 
through the King's Channel into the Thames. An allowance of 3Z. 6 s. 8 d. 
to be made to Thomas Collins on certain goods. The account of the late 
Peter Cooke to be reported. A paper of proposals presented by Mr. 
Scudamore is read; in it he undertakes that Sambrooke shall assign to 
the Company all the effects he has of their goods abroad and the debts 
due to him in town on the following conditions: that when i,5ooZ. is 
received into the Company's cash his father's bond shall be delivered up 
and his mother discharged ; and when 2,500?. more is received, then he 
is to be discharged, the overplus and remains to be left to the Company 
and if these proposals are accepted Sambrooke will make what further 
discoveries of goods he can, that are not accounted for, that these may 
be recovered, he being the only witness on the Company's behalf. The 
Court reply that they cannot admit of any capitulations in this case, 
but they expect Sambrooke to come at once and make assignments of 
the said effects "as becomes him; and in so doing he need not doubt of 
the Company's kindness towards his mother and himself'. The request 
of Mr. Dashwood for the money due on Sir Martin Noel's dividend to be 
paid to his executor, Mr. Robinson, is referred for consideration. A 
question is put as to whether the paper concerning Sambrooke shall be 
published on the Exchange and passed in the negative, (i J pp.) 

A Court of Committees, June 27, 1677 (Ibid., p. 274). 

The Treasury Committee to ascertain what money is due to Samuel 
Lee at interest for which he has the Company's bills. The Shipping 



56 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

Committee to treat for a ship of about 350 tons, a good sailer with an 
experienced commander, for a voyage to Bantam on the same conditions 
with regard to men and guns as were given in the years 1674-5. They 
are also to consider what commodities she may bring back from China 
that may turn to the best account, and report their proceedings in the 
matter next Friday. On hearing of the death of their attorney, Mr. 
Bringhurst, the Court direct Moses to employ Basil Heme in all their 
lawsuits until further order. Captain Peter Wislake petitioning that 
the looZ. he paid by way of stated damages for leaving Charles Perkins 
in India contrary to charterparty, may be repaid him, Perkins having 
returned by direction of the Court but died on the voyage home, order 
is given for the Captain to be paid 75Z., the remaining 25^. having been 
paid to the Company’s waiters for their discovery. The allowances 
formerly agreed upon for the porters at the several warehouses having 
been reconsidered, the Committees give in an amended report which is 
approved by the Court. Charles Duncomb is admitted to the freedom by 
service. A letter is read from Henry Hamson from Amsterdam dated 
July 2 {stilo novo) advising that Sambrooke has disposed of the Com- 
pany’s effects in his hands ; the Court, on consideration of Sambrooke’s 
failure to comply with his engagements, order Moses to cause an action 
to be entered into at once against him that a speedy prosecution may be 
had for securing his person and recovering his debts to the Company. 
The Treasury Committee to be empowered to take up at interest 
40,000/. at five per cent from July 2 to September 30 and state in the 
bills that it is to be continued no longer; they are also to buy or agree 
for the value of 80,000/. in foreign gold on the best possible terms either 
by contract to pay for it after the sale, or by parcels as they can procure 
it from time to time, and, if they buy by parcels then they are to take 
up such further sums of money as shall be necessary to pay for what they 
shall so buy upon the aforesaid terms. Mr. Scudamore now reports that 
Sambrooke is willing to attend next Friday and submit to the Court's 
directions in making the assignments and discoveries formerly promised 
and will produce his letters and papers that they may be fuUy informed 
of the state of their afiairs. A bill of exchange for 800/. drawn by the 
Agent and Council at Bantam payable to Captain Richard Goodlad and 
John Bab is accepted. The Treasury Committee to ascertain what 
dividends the Company have belonging to Mr. Johnson and claimed by 
Mr. Hodges and his wife as guardians of the children of Quarles Brown, 
and advise with Moses and report. An allowance on certain piece-goods 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


57 

to be made to Thomas Collins. The account of John Eason and the 
petition of Ursula Williams to be examined. (2J pp.) 

A Court of Committees, June 29, 1677 [Court Book, vol. xxx, p. 277). 

Thomas Winter asking that his demands concerning shortage of goods 
delivered to him may be considered, he is told that the Court see no just 
cause for this. The Accountant-General to credit Samuel Lee with 
200Z. in the Company’s books, which sum was omitted to be entered in 
Dunkin’s general cash-book, this sum to be charged to Dunkin’s account. , 
Mr. Scudamore presents a draft of an assignment Sambrooke is ready 
to make of the goods he sent abroad, and desires that upon receipt of 
the first i,50oZ. received from these Mrs. Sambrooke might be discharged 
and her husband’s bonds delivered up. He also brings into court some 
books belonging to the warehouse which had been in Sambrooke’s 
custody. The Court demanded an account of the discoveries of the 
debts in town promised to be given this morning and answer is made 
that Sambrooke desires twelve months’ time for this, there being many 
accopnts to be made up. The Court, highly dissatisfied with the delays 
in this business, direct certain Committees to proceed at once against 
Sambrooke for recovery of what he owes to the Company, and to act in 
the matter as they judge necessary for their benefit. The Lawsuits 
Committee to receive from the Auditor the charge he has drawn up 
against Dacres and John English, cause copies of these to be given to 
them, and require their answers; they are also to read the order in 
Chancery touching the examination of Mainston’s account, and speak 
with those persons named in it, on the Company’s behalf, that proceed- 
ings may be taken pursuant to the said order. The account of the late 
Captain Stephens to be reported. Dorothy Pearce to be repaid the stated 
damages she paid for some caUcoes brought back in the Golden Fleece, 
and 25Z. 5s. to be paid to Solomon Rogers according to a report 
now read. The Phoenix, commanded by Captain WiUiam Wildy, to be 
entertained for a voyage to Bantam and China upon terms mentioned 
in a report from the Shipping Committee. The Committee for Bantam 
and the South Seas to ascertain what has been written touching the 
settling of trade at Tywan, Amoy, and other places in China, and what 
cargo has been sent tiiither, they are also to read the advices lately re- 
ceived from Bantam and decide what goods are suitable to be provided 
there and here for those parts for lading in the Phoenix, also what per- 
sons should be entertained to serve in that Agency, and report. The 



58 XOURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

owners of the Loyal Subject to be allowed 1,300/. for sixty-five tons of 
dead freight in her last voyage from India, at the rate of twenty pounds 
the ton. John Potter to be paid 16/. for smith's work. Captain Prowd 
to take a survey of the Phoenix to see what is necessary to be done to 
fit her for the voyage. The Committees for Shipping and Plantations to 
consider of suitable rules for the inhabitants of St. Helena, and whether 
they should not be obliged to stay nine years on the island before being 
capable of disposing of the inheritance of their plantations, and that no 
planters be allowed more than two plantations at a time. Thomas Eason 
is paid 6/. i8s. The Lawsuits Committee to receive from the Auditor the 
charge he has drawn up against Agent Dacres and John English, and, 
after reading the reasons and grounds for the same, cause copies to be 
given to Dacres and English, request answers from them and report 
their proceedings to the Court. (2^ pp.) 

Warrant to Sir Thomas Chicheley,* June 29, 1677 {Public Record 
Office: S.P. Dom., Entry Book 44, p. 47). 

For the delivery to such persons as shall be appointed by the East 
India Company to receive the same, of 200 barrels of powder as a pre- 
sent from the King to the Sultan of Bantam. 

The Company to Henry Hampson, June 29, 1677 {Letter Book, 
vol. V, p. 437 )- 

They acknowledge the receipt of his letter of July 2. S. N. in answer 
to theirs of June 15, last, in which Hampson says 'Sambrooke has dis- 
posed of his effects that were in your hands'. The Company desire 
Hampson, for his own sake as well as for theirs, to give a more particular 
answer and not to dispose of their goods or the proceeds without order. 
They are confident that Hampson would not be confederate with any 
one to do ought to their prejudice. (J p,) 

William Blathwayth to the Company, July 3, 1677 {Public 
Record Office: C.O, 77, vol. xiii, f. 227).^ 

Stating that he has been commanded by the Lords of the Committee 
for Trade and Plantations to signify to the Company that having read 
a memorial presented to His Majesty by the Portuguese Ambassador 
touching the limits of the dominions belonging to His Majesty and to 

* Master of the King’s Ordnance. 

^ See also Home Miscellaneous, vol. xlii, p. 343. 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


59 

the Prince his master in the East Indies, they think the enclosed copy^ 
should be sent to the Company that they may prepare an answer to it, 
which their Lordships will be ready to receive and consider on Thursday 
next the 5th instant at ten o’clock in the morning. 

A Court of Committees, July 4, 1677 {Court Book, voL xxx, p. 280). 

A letter is read from the Secretary to the Lords Committees for Trade 
and Plantations enclosing copy of a memorial presented to the Kiug by 
the Portuguese Ambassador about the Island Mahim claimed by the 
Prince of Portugal, and the complaint of Don Alvaro Pirez, to which 
Their Lordships expected the Company's answer on the 5th instant. 
The Court, finding the memorial agrees verbatim with that which was 
transmitted from Their Lordships last February, direct the Surat Com- 
mittee with the other members of this Court to wait on Their Lordships 
to-morrow morning and give them the copy of the Company's repre- 
sentation concerning Bombay of February last, and of the order of His 
Majesty in Council touching the business of Don Alvaro Pirez de Tavora 
{ut supra, p. 6 ). Damaged pepper to be returned to the owners of the 
Phoenix. {\p-) 

Extract of a letter from Bantam, July 6, 1677 {Public Record 
Office: C.O. 77, vol. xiii, f. 214). 

This comes by the Loyal Subject which arrived May 7, finding us in an 
unquiet posture by reason of the loss of your new Agent, Mr. Arnold 
White, who together with Albinus Willoughby anJ Dudley North were 
on April 12 between 6 and 7 o'clock in the evenmg most villain- 
ously murdered coming down from the Washing place. {Here follows an 
account of the murder). The King of Bantam when told of the murder 
said : ' I am very sorry for the death of the Agent, etc., and if I could find 
out who it was that had a hand in the murder he should surely dye, 
although it were my own son'. 

Thomas Holden at Falmouth to Sir Joseph Williamson, July 9, 
1677 {Public Record Office: S.P. Dom., Car. II. 394, no. 207). 

The 6th came in here the William of London, sent out by the East 
India Company to meet their merchantmen and put water on board 
them. . . . 


^ Not extant. 



6o 


COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 


A Court of Committees, July ii, 1677 {Court Book, voL xxx, 
p. 280). 

Damaged pepper to be returned to the owners of the Lancaster, and 
3,000?. to be paid to the owners of the Phoenix in part of her freight. 
A letter from Henry Hampson is read, and order given for an answer to 
be returned, and for him to be desired to give in an account of goods and 
effects remaining in his custody. Letters to be written to Mr. Russell at 
Bilboa and to Mr, Selwyn and Company at Cadiz requesting them to 
retain what goods and effects they have belonging to Sambrooke and 
not to dispose of any without the Company's order. A paper concerning 
Samuel Sambrooke, Junior, is agreed upon, and order given for it to be 
printed and put up on the Exchange and other public places; it is as 
follows: *By the East India Company, July ii, 1677. Whereas Samuel 
Sambrooke, Junior, hath at sundry times within several years last past 
unduly and contrary to the publick and known rules of the East India 
Company conveyed away out of the said Company's warehouses divers 
parcels of caUicoes and other goods to a very great value, these are 
therefore to give publique notice thereof and to desire all persons that 
have had or received from him any such goods that they would forth- 
with give unto Mr. Francis Beyer, Accomptant-Generall for the said 
Company, at the East India House in Leadenhall Street, an account 
thereof, and how they came by, and how they have satisfied for the 
■same. And to evidence to the said Company that they were not con- 
federate with the said Sambrooke in his undue practices. As also that 
they forbear to pay any moneys to the said Samuel Sambrooke or his 
order for any such goods. ' Copies of this to be delivered to aU linen- 
drapers, brokers, and such merchants as have dealt in calicoes and an 
account to be kept of all to whom these copies are delivered, and Beyer 
to enter in a book all such accounts and all information that shall be 
brought to him. Captain Arnold Brown having served the Company 
many years is admitted to the freedom gratis, and Fenton Binns is 
admitted by patrimony. The account of Joseph Ward to be reported. 
A bin of exchange drawn by the Agent and Council of Bantam payable 
to Sarah Limbrey is accepted. Order is given for the narrative of the 
proceedings of the Captain-General of the Portuguese at Bassein against 
the English at Bombay, mentioned in the last advices from Surat, to be 
presented to the Lords Committees for Trade and Plantations, the 
business of Mahim depending now before them, (if j>p,) 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


6i 


William Blathwaith to the East India Company, July 12, 1677 
{Home Miscellaneous, vol. xlii, p. 344).^ 

The Lords Committees for Trade and Plantations, having considered 
the memorial presented by the P ortuguese Ambassador touching Mahim, 
and the limits of jurisdiction to be settled between His Majesty and the 
Prince of Portugal in the East Indies lately sent you, wish to receive 
your direct and positive answer to the same, so that they may be better 
able to represent to the King the unreasonableness of demanding the 
said island which from the first surrender has always been esteemed His 
Majesty's undoubted right as an essential and indisputable dependence 
of Bombay. Their Lordships have read extracts of letters lately received 
by the Company from Surat, and note, amongst other things, the in- 
solent behaviour of the Portuguese under command of the Captain- 
General of Bassein, and resolve to lay before His Majesty in Council the 
particulars of that insult, the murder of his subjects, and the menace of 
the Portuguese to make themselves masters by force of Mahim without 
any colour of right whatsoever. At the same time Their Lordships will 
ask His Majesty not only to expostulate most earnestly with the Prince 
of Portugal about this afiront, but also to require His Highness to give 
positive orders to his officers in India not to exact any duties from the 
English within the port of Bombay, or in their passage to the neighbour- 
ing countries, for, if this is continued. His Majesty will be obliged to 
direct his subjects to levy upon the Portuguese equal customs for trad- 
ing and passing by those waters, as has already been certified by letter 
to the Viceroy in India. (| p.) 

A Court of Committees, July 13, 1677 {Court Book, vol. xxx, p. 282.) 

The Surat Committee report that they attended at Whitehall on the 
5th instant to answer the memorial presented to the King by the Portu- 
guese Ambassador, but nothing was done, because the Lords Committees 
for Trade and Plantations did not meet, and only the Lord Privy Seal 
and Lord Falconberge were present, the former received from the Secre- 
tary a copy of the Company's representation made in February last 
about Bombay and its dependencies, and was reminded of what His 
Majesty had done concerning Don Alvaro Pires. His Lordship desired 
the Company would give the Secretary copies of the charters granted 
them by His Majesty, also copies of what occuixences came from India 


* See also P.R.O.: C. 0 . 77, vol. xiii, f. 332 and f. 368. 



62 


COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 


of public concern (usually sent to the Secretary of State). The Court 
give direction for this to be done. Stated damages on China roots to be 
lessened this year. The Court, learning that some of their seamen in the 
voyage to the Indies spend all or most of their wages in tobacco, clothes, 
brandy, and other liquors, supplied to them at excessive rates, so that 
they have no money for themselves or their relations on their return 
home, direct the Shipping Committee to draft some standing rules to 
alter this, and to direct that no seaman is to be permitted to spend 
above one-third of his wages in liquor, tobacco, clothes, or other neces- 
saries during the voyage, and that not above fifty per cent on any liquor 
or goods sold to seamen is to be taken from them by any ofiicer or 
others, upon pain of dismissal from the service, and of being made in- 
capable of further employment, and no member of the Court may inter- 
cede for their readmission. The petition of Edward Harrington is read 
and referred to the Lawsuits Committee, who are to consider his present 
condition and stop all proceedings against him. The petition of John 
Goodlad is read and referred to Captain Prowd. The account of Bar- 
tholomew Peartree to be stated, and order is given for John Samyne's 
debt to the Company to be discharged by the Accountant-General by 
profit and loss. A report is read from the Bantam Committee in which 
they give a list of goods to be provided for supply of the factories in 
China, viz. Tywan, Amoy, and Tonquin, and state that they opine no 
muskets should be sent to Bantam except for account of the Company: 
that for managing the Company's affairs in that Agency and for setthag 
the trade in China, which in a short time may prove very advantageous, 
they recommend three able persons versed ha accounts and trading may 
be entertained for Bantam and Jambi, two to be of Council, also four 
writers. And on advice that Mr. Ward, Chief at Jambi, is indebted to 
the Company, they think that a new security should be given by his 
friends before departure of the Phoenix or that he should be dismissed 
and another sent to replace him. That an able factor and two writers 
should be entertained for T5rwan, the same for Tonquin, and four 
factors and four writers for Amoy. The Court approve of the report and 
give order for 80,000 rials of eight to be provided by the Treasury Com- 
mittee, and for the Committee for Buying Goods to provide the com- 
modities enumerated. But touching the entertainment of factors and 
writers, consideration is deferred. The Agent and Council at Bantam 
to be written to and desired to send the goods to Tywan, Amoy, 
Chinchew, etc., and, in addition, to the value of 4,000/. in pepper and 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 63 

calicoes, suitable for those markets, unless upon advice from thence they 
see cause to lessen them. {2^ pp,) 

A Court of Coivimittees, July 13, 1677 [afternoon] {Court Book, 
vol. XXX, p. 285). 

Letters from the President and Coimcil of Surat are read, and the 
Surat Committee are desired to consider what is fit to be written to them 
touching the Company's affairs, and report. The Committee for the 
Coast and Bay to read the letters lately received from the Agent and 
Council at Fort St. George, and from Streynsham Master, and consider 
what is best to be done to procure a new phirmaund [f arman] for carry- 
ing on the Company's trade in the Bay, and what directions should be 
sent overland about that, or any other affairs of the Company, and 
report. The Committee for the Surat warehouse to give directions for 
the repair of a floor in one of the rooms at the African House, that the 
Company's goods may be received there, (i p.) 

The Company to Henry Hampson, July 13, 1677 {Letter Book, 
vol. v, p. 437). 

Thank him for his letter of July 3 in which he tells that Sam- 
brooke transferred the goods he sent him to Mr. Scudamore, and 
promises to do what he can to accomodate the Company and dispose of 
nothing until their further order. They desire a particular account of 
these goods and of their value, and report that Sambrooke has gone 
away and it is not known where to, but if he is at Amsterdam the 
Company request that Hampson will not allow himself to be prejudiced 
against them by him, as they have no desire to prejudice Hampson. 
They note the arrival of the nine Dutch East India ships, and that five 
more are expected. Only four of the Company's ships have come from 
Bantam, none from the Coast or Surat, but these are expected daily and 
the rest from Bantam. In a postscript they tell of the arrival in the 
Downs of three ships from Surat, a list of two of the cargoes is enclosed, 
the Nathaniel's has not yet come in. (| p.) 

William Blathwate to Robert Blackborne, Whitehall, July 
16, 1677 {Public Record Office: CX). 77, vol. xiii, f. 234). 

Acknowledges receipt of his letter of the i6th instant. Presented the 
enclosed account of occurrences to the Lords of the Committee who 
desire the continuance of the like information and all other fit for their 



COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 


64 

knowledge. According to orders from their Lordships he encloses a 
letter to the Governor and requests Blackbome to present it. (J p,) 

A Court of Committees, July 18, 1677 {Court Book, vol. xxx, p. 286). 

Francis Gregory is admitted to the freedom by redemption. The 
petition of W illiam Denish is read and referred to the Shipping Com- 
mittee, who, if they jSnd him deserving, are to entertain him into the 
Company's service at the first opportunity. A letter^ is read from 
William Blathwait, secretary to the Lords Committees for Trade and 
Plantations, and referred to the Surat Committee for them to consider 
what answer is suitable to be given to the Memorial of the Portuguese 
Ambassador touching Mahim, and to report. The commanders of the 
Berkeley Castle, Society, and Nathaniel to be directed to send at once to 
the East India House by their pursers, accompanied by the Husband 
or his assistant, Francis Thompson, the diamonds, jewels, and other fine 
goods they have in their ships, to be delivered according to their bills 
of lading in the presence of the Treasury Committee, the latter to be 
desired to give directions for delivery of the jewels and fine goods re- 
turned this year in the Surat Shipping according to the bills of lading 
to be produced by the proprietors upon payment of the accustomary 
permission. The accounts of John Malmur and William Saunders to be 
reported. A petition from John Goodlad and a certificate from Captain 
Prowd are read and order given for Goodlad to be admitted as a pen- 
sioner into the Company's Almshouse at Poplar. Resolved that a 
General Court of Sales shall be held on Tuesday, September 4 next. The 
Surat Factory Committee to consider what goods have been advised to 
be provided and sent home in 1679, what alterations are to be made, and 
prepare letters accordingly. A survey of the Phoenix, taken by Captain 
Prowd, with a list of what work is necessary to be done to fit her for a 
voyage to the Indies, is read and approved. A letter from the Governor 
and Council of St. Helena is read, and referred to the Shipping and 
Plantations Committee to consider What planks and provisions are 
necessary to be sent by the Bantam ships to that island, on their return 
from Bantam, or whether it may be expedient to send a ship direct from 
hence, with what quantity of necessaries to be laden m her, and to 
report. All stationery ware necessary for the Company's House and 
service to be bought by Messrs. Papillon, Canham, and Rudge, or any 
two of them, bills for the same to be presented to the Court quarterly, 

* Vt supra , p. 61. 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 65 

nothing to be charged to the Company’s accotmt which shah be used in 
any business for which the officers receive fees, (ij pp.) 

A Court of Committees, July 19, 1677 [afternoon] {Ibid., 
P. 287). 

Letters to be sent overland to the President and Council of Surat, the 
Chief and Council ot the Bay and to the Agent and factors in Persia, are 
read and approved. The Court, after consideration of the last clause in 
a report from the Committee for Bantam and the South Sea Factories, 
resolve that for the factories at Bantam and Jambi 'three able knowing 
persons versed in accounts and merchandizing' shall be entertained, 
two of them to be of Council, and four writers. That as John Ward, 
Chief at Jambi, is indebted to the Company, unless further security is 
given for him by his friends before the departure of the Phomix, order 
shall be sent for his dismissal and another be dispatched to replace him. 
The Court also resolve that six factors and eight writers shall be enter- 
tained to serve at Tonqtdn, Tywan, Chinchew, Amoy, and other of the 
Company's factories in China, and to nominate these next Wednesday, 
no petitions for these emplojnnents to be admitted. (| p,) 

The Company to Messrs. Ball and Gosfright, July 19, 1677 
{Letter Book, voL v, p. 442). 

Have heard nothing since instructing them by a letter of June 15 last 
to buy coral, are expecting to hear what has been done. Enclose a 
packet for Aleppo to be sent ofE by the first ship. (J p.) 

The Company to Consul Nightestgale [at Aleppo], July 19, 1677 
{Ibid., p. 442). 

Acknowledge letters from him dated March i and 10, and April 6 
last. Note that two of their packets were sent for Balsora by a Dutch 
conveyance, they would rather pay for an express than have their 
packets sent by a messenger of any European nation. Report the 
arrival of four of their ships from Bantam and three from Surat. En- 
close a packet for their Agent and factors in Persia and desire him to 
forward them by express. This letter is sent by one of the Levant 
Company's ships now at Portsmouth bound for Scanderoon, and another 
packet is to be dispatched at night to him via Leghorn. (J p.) 

4372 F 



66 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

A Court of Committees, July 20, 1677 {Court Book, vol. xxx, 
p. 288). 

Diamonds and fine goods, the property of the late Matthew Gray 
consigned to Thomas Gray, to be delivered to the latter, he pa5dng 
freight as a freeman. Mrs. Ward, widow of the late Joseph Ward, a 
factor at Bantam, to pay freight for some musk, etc. Allowance to be 
made to Christopher Lethieulier for some baftas wanting in a bale 
bought at the last sale. The proposal of Sir Francis Clarke to supply 
the Company with a considerable quantity of quicksilver upon better 
terms than any one else in London, is referred to the Committee for 
Buying Goods to treat for and agree about. Alderman Bathurst reports 
that the accounts of the Calico warehouses under the charge of Messrs. 
Beard and Persehouse have been examined by the Accountant-General 
and by the Auditor. A complaint from Mr. Chambers touching some 
pieces wanting in a bale of pautkaes is referred for examination. The 
Lawsuits Committee to consider the desires of Mrs. Hodges touching 
the transference of an adventure for zooL by the executrix of Samuel 
Sambrooke to the account of Quarles Brown, and, if after consultation 
with Moses, they think it just and equal to be done, to cause a form of 
assignment to be drawn up and a release to be given to the Company 
for dividends already paid on that account. Charles Zinzan is ap- 
pointed to keep all accounts of freight payable on diamonds and other 
fine goods, and to notify the Cashier-General of the same, (ij pp,) 

WARRAiTT FROM TREASURER DaNBY TO THE CASHIER OF THE 
Customs, July 21, 1677 {Public Record Office: Money Book {General), 

pp. 102-3). 

By my warrant of October 24 last Richard Mounteney, then Cashier 
of the Customs, was to pay 40,000?. to the East India Company in repay- 
ment of so much by them lent to the King, for which they had tallies 
dated October 4 last, payable out of the customs of merchandise im- 
ported by them after payment of 37,000?. due to them for saltpetre. 
From Mounteney’s certificate it appears that 13,500?. has so far been 
paid of the said 40,000?. leaving 26,500?. unpaid. You are hereby to pay 
said 26,500?. in like maimer as above. And as the said Company has by 
its charter six and six months for the payment of their customs, you are 
to allow them discount of interest for said six and six months according 
to their charter. 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


67 

A Court of Committees, July 25, 1677 {Court Book, voL xxx, p. 289), 

Order is given for the following sums to be paid ; viz. , 85^. 8s. to William 
Saunders, late cook in the Return, and 128I. 3s. gd. to Bartholomew 
Peartree, late a mate in the Bantam Pink. The account of Nicholas 
Simkins to be reported. The Lawsuits Committee to read the charge 
drawn up against Sir Henry Dacres and John English and report what 
is fit to be done about it. The Committee for the Pepper Warehouse to 
see that convenient cellarage and ground warehouses are provided to 
receive the Company’s pepper. A petition from Sarah Merrichurch and 
Henry Simons is read and referred to the Shipping Committee for 
examination and report, (i p.) 

Richard Watts at Deal to Sir Joseph Williamson, July 26, 
1677 {Public Record Office: S.P. Dom., Car. II. 395, no. 59). 

. . . We expect four East Indiamen every post into the Downs. . . . 

A Court of Committees, July 27, 1677 {Court Book, vol. xxx, 
p.290). 

Thomas Pilkington is admitted to the freedom by service. The 
Court, being informed that a considerable quantity of white pepper has 
lately been sold in town, which being delivered in powder barrels it is 
probable that it was taken out of the Company’s ships lately returned 
from Bantam, direct that the Deputy-Governor with two of the Com- 
mittees examine the commanders of the Bantam ships concerning this, 
and use such other ways and means as they consider suitable in order to 
discover the perpetrators, and report; meanwhile the freight of the 
Unicorn and of the Expectation is not to be paid. Samuel Sambrooke, 
Jimior, having absconded, and notwithstanding all endeavours cannot 
be found, the Court offer a reward of 25?. to whomsoever shall arrest him 
at their suit in an action of io,ooot if he be taken within fifty miles of 
London, and 50Z. if at any considerable distance farther. Mos^ is in- 
structed to prosecute the executrix and security of the late Samuel 
Sambrooke, Senior. The accounts of Stephen Flower, Charles Bendish, 
and Lambert Daniel to be reported. The owners of the Expectation to 
be paid 2,oool. in part of her freight, (i p.) 

A Court of Committees, July 27, 1677 [afternoon] {Ibid., p. 291). 

The Court, having received a good report of the qualifications of 
Thomas Wells, James Taylor, Benjamin Delawne, Richard Burnaby, 



68 


COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 


John Burroughs, Messrs. Bullock, Gosfright, and Blundel, they are 
elected to serve as factors within the Agency of Bantam, and it is re- 
solved that no more persons shall be entertained for that Agency. (J p,) 

Sir Joseph Williamson to Sir William Thompson, July 31, 1677 
{Public Record Office: S.P. Dorn,, Entry Book 43, p. 159). 

Recommending the bearer, Thomas Woolhouse, a candidate for em- 
ployment in the Company’s service in India, who has been bred in 
Williamson’s family these several years, where he has behaved much to 
Williamson’s content and satisfaction. 

A Court of Committees, August i, 1677 {Court Book, vol. xxx, 
p. 292). 

The Committee for Buying Goods to read the advices lately received 
from India to ascertain what encouragement there is for the sale of 
Elephants’ teeth (ivory), and its price, and report as to whether any 
should be bought for the Company. The petitions of several young men 
desiring emplo3mient in the service are read, and the following are chosen 
as writers for India, viz., John White, Ambrose Moody, William Slater, 
Anthony Bateman, Thomas Hellowes, George Griffith, Thomas Wool- 
house, Christopher Browne, Abraham Weld, Thomas Shepard, Lemuel 
Blackmore, George Tash, Edmond Moxmtague, and Francis Corbet. 
Captain Chamblet states that the late owners of the Samson have, 
according to an order of January 26, 1676, built a new ship of three 
decks for the Company’s service on the terms of encouragement men- 
tioned, and now offer her. They are told that no consideration has yet 
been had as to what vessels shall be entertained this year, or of the 
Company’s obligations to the respective owners, but when this is settled 
Chamblet shall be told of the Court’s resolution. A similar offer is made 
by the owners of the new ship built at Deptford, to be commanded by 
Captain Basse, to whom the same answer is given. The following securi- 
ties are accepted, Thomas Griffith, and Samuel Putt, London merchants, 
in SooZ.bond each for Benjamin Delawne, and William Daniel, Esq. and 
Henry Powell, merchant, in 500Z. each for John Burrough. The petition 
of Mary Garret is read and referred to the Shipping Committee, (i p,} 

A Court of Committees, August i, 1677 [afternoon] {Ibid,, 
P- 293). 

A bill of exchange for 73^. 2s. 6 d. drawn by the Agent and Council at 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


69 

Bantam payable to Saxali Limbrey is offered for acceptance, and referred 
imtil the advices concerning it have been examined, Samuel Sambrooke 
presents himself and declares his readiness to submit to any orders about 
the statement of his accounts, and to give the Company satisfaction for 
any wrongs he has committed, as far as he is able ; he also delivers in an 
assignment under hand and seal of Ms effects in Cadiz, Bilboa, and Am- 
sterdam and a particular of some goods he delivered before the sales to 
persons in London. He prays to be allowed to come to the Company’s 
house, and offers to bring further information next Friday morning. 
He is asked to give security for Ms punctual performance of aH this, and 
consents to confess a judgment of 20,000/. to the Company to be 
def easenced according to a paper now read, of wMch the Court approve. 
A bill of exchange for 10/., drawn by Robert Bowles, gunner’s mate of 
St. Helena, on the Governor and Company, payable to the assigns of 
Captain Anthony Beale, is referred to the SMpping Committee. Two 
months’ wages due to Merrichurch, seaman, to be paid to Ms mother, 
Sarah Merrichurch. An account of salary due to Mr. Wynn, chaplain at 
St. Helena, and of wages due to John Frith, seaman, to be reported. 
The petition of Alice Atkins is read and referred for examination and 
report, (i^.) 

A Court of Committees, August 3, 1677 {Ibid,, p. 294). 

The bill of exchange from Bantam payable to Mrs. Limbrey is offered 
again for acceptance, and the value having been paid into the Company's 
cash by Captain William WMy, and formerly a like sum having been 
paid in by Captain Goodlad, it is accepted, and order given for a warrant 
to be made out accordingly. Anthony Bateman is chosen to serve as a 
writer in India, Some allowance on certain pautkaes to be made to 
William Chambers, The owners of the Berkeley Castle to be paid 4,000/. 
in part of her freight and demurrage, and she being offered by Captain 
Robert Fisher for further service, he is told that when the Court shall 
have considered what vessels are wanted for next year he shall be 
answered. An account of the iron kentledge and stones returned in the 
Berkeley Castle to be reported. The Treasury Committee to affix the 
Company's seal to the defeasance to be made on the judgment con- 
fessed by Samuel Sambrooke, and certain Committees are requested to 
require an account from Sambrooke of how he disposed of the Company’s 
goods, and particularly of those delivered before the sales to persons in 
town, which are not yet cleared; they are also to read the assignment 



COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 


70 

made of what was sent to Cadiz, Bilboa, and Amsterdam, and demand 
the bills of lading and advices relating to these, and consider what is 
further necessary to be done by Sambrooke and Mr. Scudamore for their 
recovery. In all this they are to use the most effectual means for getting 
in the Company’s debt. Hearing that Mr. Bullock, who was elected a 
factor on July 27 last, now declines the employment, the Court choose 
Robert Parker and Benjamin Wethered to serve as factors at Bantam, 
and resolve that the salaries and emplo3nnents of the men chosen shall 
be as follows : for Bantam, John Burrowes, James Taylor, andBenjamin 
Wethered to receive 40?. a year each, be of Council and take their place 
as they are named next after the youngest member now there; for 
China, Benjamin Delawne to be Chief at 80^. per annum, Thomas Wells, 
Second, at 50Z., George Gosfright, Third, at 40/., Richard Burnaby 
Fourth, at 30Z. per annum: for T5rwan, Robert Parker, Chief, at 60L per 
annum: and for Tonquin, John Blonden, Second, or next to Mr. James 
at 40?. per annum. Whilst Delawne stays at Bantam he is to take place 
next to the Second in Council, and Parker to be next to him, and whilst 
Delawne continues at Tywan he is to be Chief in Cormcil and Parker 
Second, (ij#.) 

A Court of Committees, August 8, 1677 {Court Book, vol. xxx, 
p. 296). 

The owners of the Nathaniel and of the Society to be paid 4,000/. 
respectively in part of the freight and demurrage of those ships ; they 
offer them for further service and the Court desire Captain Prowd to 
see what is necessary to be done to fit them for a voyage to the Indies, 
and report, A letter of July 23 is read from Messrs. Ball, Gosfright and 
Company at Leghorn, and order given for them to be directed, if no 
ships offer by September 30, to lade the coral as soon as possible in such 
qualified vessels as were formerly ordered, and buy the several sorts of 
coral beads mentioned in their advices to the value of 2,000 dollars, 500 
of which to be spent in the largest sorts ' of the ounce The Committee 
for the Treasury to proceed in providing gold and bullion for the Com- 
pany’s service and take up on loan at five per cent what they find need- 
ful, having respect to the accommodation of the adventurers and buyers 
before any others. The petition of William Brown, a passenger who 
returned in the Society, is referred for examination. The following 
securities are approved: John Micklethwaite, Doctor of Physic, and 
Christopher Whitchcot, a London merchant, in 1,000/. for John 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


71 

Blunden, factor; Arthur Bamardiston, merchant, and Wihiam Lane, 
gentleman, in i,oooZ. for Benjamin Wethered, factor; John Blackmore 
of London, and WiUiam Blackmore of Romford, in 500Z. for Lemuel 
Blackmore, writer ; Captain Arnold Browne and Captain Thomas John- 
son in 500?. for Christopher Browne, writer; Sir John Robinson and 
WiUiam Poulton, merchant, in 500Z. for Abraham Weld, writer; George 
and Samuel Moody of Bury St. Edmunds in 500^. for Ambrose Moody, 
writer; Lady Thomasine Tash, widow, and Robert Hatton in 500Z. for 
George Tash, writer. The fourteen writers lately elected are to be 
employed and ranked as follows: for Bantam: John White, Ambrose 
Moody, William Slater, Anthony Bateman, and Thomas Hellowes; for 
China, George Griffith, Thomas Woolbouse, Christopher Browne, and 
Abraham Weld; for Tonquin: Thomas Shepard and Lemuel Black- 
more; for Tywan: George Tash, Edmond Mountague, and Francis 
Corbett/ 

A Court of Committees, August 10, 1677 {lUi., p. 298). 

Mr. Parry, His Majesty’s Envoy Extraordinary for Portugal, informs 
the Court that Don Alvaro Pires de Tavora being now sensible of the 
error of his proceedings wishes to make his submission to the Company 
and to pray their favour in restoring him to his estate on the Island of 
Bombay. Answer is made that his desire shall be considered and he shall 
be told of the Court’s resolution in the matter. The Surat Committee to 
inform Secretary Williamson and Sir Robert Southwell of this and 
desire their advice. Fifty iron gims, from five to twelve cwt. to be 
bought at the cheapest possible rate, also eighty bullions of quicksilver 
and twenty tubs of vermilion, not exceeding 3s. per pound for the 
quicksilver, and 3s. 5^?. for the vermilion. Doctor King and Gerard 
Weymans, a London merchant, are approved of in 500/. as an additional 
security for James King, writer, who has served in Surat for about five 
years. The owners of the Unicorn to be paid 599?. os. J.d, in full of her 
freight and demurrage. The petition of Samuel Baron having been con- 
sidered by the Bantam Committee, who are unable to come to any con- 
clusion concerning it, and Baron now humbly praying the Court to 
allow him his wages during his imprisonment, after long debate it is 
resolved that, though the Company are not by law obliged to grant his 
desire, yet out of compassion to him as a stranger they incline to do so, 

* After the signed warrants there is an entry ‘the sum of 8,365/. 12s. 5d. to be made paid 
in cash* to eleven persons, whose names are given. 



72 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

therefore request two of the Committees to speak with him, ascertain his 
condition, and report. The account of Richard Bicldey to be reported. 

The Company to Henry Hampson, August io, 1677 {Letter Book, 
vol. V, p. 443). 

Acknowledge the receipt of his letter of July 31 last giving an account 
of the several sorts of goods sent by Sambrooke, but intimating that 
they are not current commodities and so no price can be put upon fhom 
Desire him to teU what he thinks they may fetch at a ' Vendida’ (which 
he mentions) as Sambrooke has promised to give the utmost satisfaction 
and they are settling with him. If the said goods will not turn to some 
reasonable account they will give order for their return to Knglani^ 

(i^) 

The Company to Messrs. Ball and Gosfeight, August io, 1677 
(Ibid., p. 443). 

Acknowledge their letter of July 23 and note what they say about 
coral and coral beads. Suppose they have bought the twenty chests of 
Grezio coral and the five chests of Ricaduti ; the weight of each chest 
they leave to their discretion to be in accordance with the goodness and 
price of the coral. Desire that the Ricaduti coral be packed with cotton, 
the same as the Grezio, for, when packed with hay, as formerly, it is 
subject to rot, discolour, and smell ill; the former directions as to the 
lading and dispatching before September 30 to be followed. Coral beads 
are/ a hazardous commodity' if not rightly bought and at the cheapest 
rate, but the Company are confident of their care and therefore desire 
them to buy the several sorts mentioned to the value of two thousand 
dollars, and ship with the coral. For pa37ment they are to draw bills of 
exchange upon the Company which shall be punctually accepted, (f p.) 

Richard Watts at Deal to Sir Joseph Williamson, August 14, 
1677 {P'Mic Record Office: S.P. Dom., Car. II. 395, no. 193). 

Last night arrived in the Downs three East India ships from the 
Coast and one from Bantam and this morning one from Virginia. None 
of them speak any news, but some have said that His Majesty l5dng at 
anchor in the night, one of the East India ships ran against Tiim and 
damaged the yacht he was in. . . . 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


73 

A Court of Committees, August 15, 1677 {Court Book, vol. xxx, 
p. 299). 

William Barkham is admitted to the freedom by redemption. Re- 
solved that the following answer be sent to Alvaro Pirez: when the 
Court see in what manner he will make his acknowledgement and sub- 
mission, they will take the same into further consideration, Mr. Parry 
to be informed of this resolution. Letters received by the Providence 
from the Agent and Council at Bantam are read and referred, with other 
papers said to be sent in the said ship, to the Committee for Bantam 
and the South Sea Factories, who are to consider whether it is con- 
venient to continue a settlement at Siam, and what goods are necessary 
to be provided and sent to Amoy, Chinchew, Tywan, Tonquin, or any 
other places in China, and report what settlement they think is fit to be 
made in those parts for carrying on a trade to the best advantage of the 
Company.^ (i^.) 

A Court of Committees, August 15, 1677 [afternoon] {Ibid., 
p. 300). 

Letters received this day from the Agent and Council at Fort St, 
George are read. 

A Court of Committees, August 17, 1677 {Ibid., p. 300). 

The Accountant reporting that in sundry bales of calicoes pieces are 
fotmd wanting, he is given directions as to whom the charge shall be 
laid upon in such cases, but if pieces are found wanting in calicoes in 
Sambrooke’s time the charge is to be placed to the account of profit and 
loss. The Husband to engage a surveyor from the Commissioners of 
Customs to go aboard the Johanna, Eagle, Falcon, and President, and 
the commanders of the said ships to be instructed to send to the Com- 
pany's house at once their pursers, accompanied by the Husband or his 
assistant with all diamonds, jewels, and other fine goods, registered or 
not registered, returned in their vessels, to be delivered, according to 
the bills of lading, in the presence of the Treasury Committee. Goods of 
all three ships now returned from the Coast, and those laden in the 
Nathaniel and Society from Surat to be exposed at the next general sale, 
also the pepper returned in the Surat ships, and in the three ships from 
Bantam, with the damaged pepper in the Expectation, being about 

* After the signed warrants there is an entry: ‘the sum of 20,835/. 2s. 2d. to be made paid 
in cash* to the persons mentioned. 



74 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

8,000 bags. The account of Jonathan Aston, late purser in the Return, 
to be examined. Roger Jackson is admitted to the freedom by re- 
demption. On consideration of the loss of men belonging to the Flying 
Eagle at Tonquin, the Court order that Captain Prowd be told to enter- 
tain ten young men to be employed as seamen in the Company’s ships 
in India upon as reasonable terms as possible, (ij pp,) 

A Court of Committees, August 22, 1677 {Court Book, vol. xxx, 
p. 302). 

The Husband is directed to send to Leadenhall the musk returned in 
the ships lately arrived, to be kept apart in the little warehouse. 
Captain Wildy is directed to carry out half kentledge in the Phoenix, 
besides what is under her palleting. Order is given for certain damaged 
calicoes returned in the Society, Nathaniel, and Berkeley Castle to be 
returned to the owners of those ships. The petition of Elizabeth, widow 
of the late Thomas Reade, dyer, is referred for examination. The 
accounts of John Crandon and of the late Captain Atkins, commander 
of the Return, to be reported. The petition of John Katlin touching 
some seed pearls and a small parcel of ambergris to be referred to the 
Committee for Private Trade. The sum of 14^. ii5. 3^. due to the late 
Richard Bickley’s account to be paid to those empowered to receive 
it. Many damaged goods returned in the Berkeley Castle, Society, and 
Nathaniel to be delivered to the owners of the said vessels by George 
Papillon. Mr. Lewis stating that he has received the 40Z. ordered by the 
King to be paid by Captain South towards redemption of the eight 
persons he brought from Johanna and sold as slaves at Barbadoes, 
certain of the Committees are desired to speak with Mr. lies, or any 
other Barbadoes merchant about getting the said persons freed on as 
reasonable terms as possible. Money due to the account of the late. 
Charles Frith to be paid to his brother, John Frith ; and what is due to 
Nicholas Simkins, late cooper in the George, to be paid to his attorney, 
Edward Ledger. {x\pp*) 

A Court of Committees, August 22, 1677 [afternoon] {Ibid., 
P« 303). 

The Commission,* given to Streynsham Master at his leaving England 
and returned by him, is read, with several letters from China. Several 
letters from the Coast and Bay are also read, and the Court, noting the 
^ See preceding volume, pp. xvi-xvii. 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


75 

great disorders amongst the Company’s servants and factors there, and 
the great quantity of English goods remaining unsold, by which the 
returns this year have been much hindered, refer the whole matter to 
the Coast and Bay Committee to consider what should be done and 
report their opinion. The account of the late Thomas Sherlock, a factor 
at Kaxw^, to be examined and reported (J p.) 

News letter, August 23, 1677 {Public Record Office: S,P, Dom., 
Car. II. 396, no. 40). 

Yesterday about noon His Majesty, contrary to most people’s opinion, 
arrived safely in his new yacht at Gravesend, where his barges awaited 
him. He stayed some time to review four East India ships that lie in 
that Road, and thence proceeded forwards. . . . 

A Court of Committees, August 24, 1677 (Court Book, vol. xxx, 

p. 304)* 

Sir John Matthews is presented with the freedom of the Company 
because of kind offices done by him on their behalf at Cadiz, when the 
Morning Star was plundered by an Algerian man-of-war. A bill of 
exchange for Tool., drawn by the Governor and Council at St. Helena 
payable to Captain Jonathan Hide, is presented for acceptance, and 
referred, for it to be ascertained whether the Company’s affairs there 
required any such draft. The owners of the Nathaniel to be paid 2 ,oooL 
in part of her freight. Particulars of drugs and goods in the Surat ware- 
house, which are to be offered at the next general sale, to be printed. 
Some lacca wood bought by Mr. Ebome at the last sale proving to be 
rotten, which was not discovered before the sale, it being covered over 
by other goods, the buyer is to be allowed to leave it and receive back 
the money he paid if he wishes, (i p.) 

A Court of Committees, August 24, 1677 [afternoon] (Ibid., 
P- 305)* 

At the request of Captain Fisher, Captain Prowd is directed to survey 
the Berkeley Castle. A bill of exchange for 155?, payable to Benjamin 
Shienfield and drawn by the Agent and Council at Bantam is accepted. 
A letter from the Chief and factors in the Bay is read. Goods remaining 
in the Husband’s wardhouse to be put up for sale. ( J p.) 

A Court of Committees, August 28, 1677 (Ibid., p. 305). 

Letters from the Chief and Council in the Bay are read. (J p-) 



76 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

A Court of Committees, August 29, 1677 (Court Book, vol. xxx, 
p. 306). 

Thomas Ivatt, late a writer at Bantam, being indebted to the Com- 
pany, order is given for his account to be examined that his security 
may be called upon to make it good. The General Court of Sales 
ordered to be held on September 4 next is now to be put off imtil 
September 18. The sum of 5?. 8s. due to the account of Thomas Jones, 
late a soldier at St. Helena, to be paid. Instead of the cargoes of the 
three ships from the Coast andBay beingput up for sale next September, 
order is now given that the goods returned in the Eagle and Johanna 
shall be put up, and, for the better promotion of the sale and accommo- 
dation of the market, the Committee for Leadenhall Warehouse are to 
consider what part of the taffetas retmned in those two ships shall be 
held back, and what proportion of the goods brought home in the Falcon 
offered. On conaderation of what tonnage is to be employed for the 
Indies in the ensuing year, the Court resolve that 6,000 tons of shipping 
shall be freighted, and proceed to entertain the following vessels: for 
the Coast and Bay: the Nathaniel, the Society, the new ship built for 
Captain Basse and the Falcon for the Coast and Bantam ; for Surat : the 
new ship built for Captain Chamblet, the President, and the Unicorn', 
for Bantam and the South Seas: the Berkeley Castle, Eagle, Johanna, 
and Phoenix. Dispute arising touching the precedency of the Ex- 
pectation and the Lancaster, it is decided that the former is to have 
the preference ; it is also resolved that those owners who first accept 
the Company’s terms for frdght, etc., shall be first employed. 

{Am 

A Court of Committees, August 31, 1677 {lUd., p. 307). 

Resolved to put up about 12,000 bags of pepper at the next sale and 
to rate the saltpetre at 485. the cwt. The Auditor to bring into Court 
next Wednesday the Company's charge against and demands from Sir 
Henry Dacres and John English. William King, commander of the 
ketch William, of Barking, to be paid 89^. and William Berry, com- 
mander of the William and Thomas 28L in full of freight for the said 
vessels, one-third part of which is to be charged to the accounts of the 
Eagle, Johanna, Falcon, and President, respectively. The Lancaster and 
Expectation being offered for service, the Court, after a long debate, 
entertain them for a voyage to Bantam on conditions established for 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


77 

ships going there. Captain Prowd to survey all ships entertained for the 
Coast and Bay, Surat and Bantam, and report what repairs are neces- 
sary to fit them for their respective voyages, the Expectation to be sur- 
veyed first. Sannoes and ginghams from the Bay, silks from Tonquin 
and musk to be examined in order to ascertain at what price they shall 
be offered for sale. Raw silk is also to be tested so that it too may be 
priced. The Committee for the Calico Warehouse and all members of the 
Court are desired to meet next Thursday to price ail goods to be offered 
for sale, ' leaving convenient room for the bidders to advance thereon at 
the candle A report is read from the Committee for Bantam and the 
South Sea Factories touching a cargo to be sent in the Phoenix for 
Amoy, Siam, Tonquin, etc., in this the Committee state that the trade 
at Amoy is veiy hopeful for obtaining Japan and other goods at the best 
rates, as well as for selling Europe and Indian goods, and therefore 
should be settled; and that the trade at Tonquin and Siam should be 
continued, and they give a list of stock suitable for each place. For 
Tywan they opine that only two factors and two writers should be con- 
tinued there until affairs are settled at Amoy, and they can leave with- 
out giving offence to the King or to his great ministers. The Court 
approve of the report and give orders accordingly, yet direct that it be 
left to the Agent and Council at Bantam to dispose of the said cargo as 
they shall judge most advantageous to the Company, and for one great 
piece of iron ordnance and a great brass gun to be sent to Amoy. Order 
is given for Thomas Lewes to pay to the Cashier-General the 40^. he 
received from Mr. Eyles on Captain South's bill of exchange. It is left 
to the Husband to enter the cassia lignum at the Customhouse as he 
thinks best. The Court directing that the Expectation and Phoenix shall 
sail in company to Bantam, the Shipping Committee are to distribute such 
of the factors and writers as are bound for Bantam and China on board 
the Expectation, with such goods as they shall think fit. Goods desired 
by the King of Siam to the value of 700Z. to be provided. Order is given 
for the sums following to be paid: to Mrs. Abigail Cooke, widow of 
Peter Cooke, 53/. is. 6 d , ; to Captain Stanton 60Z. on account of salary 
due to the late Captain John Atkins, and 20Z. to Mary, widow of Thomas 
Garret, quartermaster in the Return, The accounts of John Camel, late 
steward at T5nvan, of the late Thomas Pace, and of Benjamin Shenfield 
to be examined and reported. (2 J pp.f 

* After the list of signed warrants there is an entry ‘5,802/. rd, to be made paid in 

cash’ for gold and silver, and *303/. 15s. for interest’ to the persons named. 



78 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

The Company to the Lords Committees for Trade and Planta- 
tions, September 4, 1677 {Home Miscellaneous, vol. xlii, p, 345).^ 

According to directions received on July 3 last from Their Lordships 
the Company have read the memorial presented to the King by the 
Portuguese Ambassador demanding reparation for violence done by the 
Governor of Bombay against the rights of Portugal by encroachment on 
lands belonging to the Prince and particularly by occupation of the 
island of Mahim, adjacent to Bombay, of which the said Governor has 
taken possession notwithstanding the protests of the Prince. Telling 
also of complaints of many of the Portuguese inhabitants of those 
islands of being despoiled of their estates contrary to article xi of the 
Treaty of Marriage, by virtue of which they were to enjoy their lands, 
goods, and privileges as before. Among others, Alvaro Perez de Tavora 
is ‘a deep sufferer', who, not being able to obtain justice from the 
Governor, has come to implore it from His Majesty, that so he may be 
restored to 'the great estate he held in the said islands'. The Ambas- 
sador declares he has express orders to uphold Perez in his pretensions 
and urges that all he held at the delivery of Bombay should be restored 
to him, and the like justice done to the many other Portuguese, who, as 
His Majesty's subjects, are deceived in their hopes of living happily 
tmder his laws and protection, all which may much endanger the good 
understanding between the two nations and cause dangerous conse- 
quences. The Ambassador therefore desires that some minister may be 
appointed to examine and settle with him the limits of the said two 
islands between His Majesty and the Prince of Portugal. To all this the 
Company conceive they are expected to answer in justification of their 
management of Bombay since it fell to their care, rather than that ' they 
should distinguish between Bombay and Mahun', both which they 're- 
ceived as one and the same island and dominion from His Majesty, and 
hope never to let goe, either of them, to any power on earth imlesse to 
the same hand that gave it '. It is very true that in August, 1668, when 
they took possession of the island and declared goodwill to all the in- 
habitants, many were encouraged to bring their complaints against 
Humphrey Cooke, Sir Gervase Lucas and Mr. Gary, who governed there 
for His Majesty from February, 1664-5, ^-nd such pains were then taken 
to inspect the rights of every man who complained that at length (all 
consenting and acquiescing in the determinations of justice that were 
made) 'restitution was given to all, with universall applause and a sort 
* See also P.R.O. : C.O. 77, vol. xiii, f. 242. 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


79 

of jubile over the whole island'. For, as it was and is to our interest to 
endear the inhabitants to ns, for fear of depopulation, so we hoped by 
such acts of signal justice to persuade the neighbouring Portuguese 
Governors to take off those rigorous impositions laid by them on our 
trade at the passes of Tannah and Carinjah, of which Your Lordships 
have lately heard, since there was never any other pretence to impose 
them but the ill usage alleged from the said Governors to the inhabitants. 
The Company have been happy that although many oppressions are 
mentioned in the memorial since that time no complaint of that nature 
has been heard until this of Alvaro Perez. By express orders of the 
Prince of Portugal it seems that care is to be taken of this gentleman as 
a person oppressed and utterly excluded from the benefit of article xi 
of the Treaty made in September, i66i. But Your Lordships will soon 
perceive how much his case is mistaken, for he was excluded from his 
estate in March, 1672-3, but not from violence or oppression of the 
Governor or for the lure of his slender fortune to the Company, but for 
crimes committed which were little less than capital, he flyiag for the 
same, instead of awaiting a trial, betook himself with clamours to the 
Viceroy of Goa and even engaged the French Admiral in his cause, as 
Your Lordships have already heard, upon which his estate was con- 
fiscated, and to this matter the non-observance of the Treaty is alto- 
gether foreign. Therefore His Majestyhasbeen no less just than gracious 
when, upon the report from Your Lordships, he was pleased to refer the 
said Perez to be tried at Bombay where, by the King's broad seal, the 
Company have proper jurisdiction. Meanwhile the Company could 
heartily wish that as the Ambassador very justly desires the preserva- 
tion to the Portuguese inhabitants of their lands and privileges in 
accordance with the Treaty, so also that it should be observed by the 
Portuguese in their allegiance to those to whom it is due. Those 
oppressed persons mentioned are advised to appeal to their own proper 
sovereign for justice and not deprive His Majesty of that right by first 
filling Portugal with ungrounded complaints which may disturb the 
good correspondence that ought to be between the two nations, and 
more than anything else produce those dangers which the memorial 
mentions. { 2 \pp^) 


A Court of Committees, September 5, 1677 {Court Book, vol. xxx, 
p. 310). 


A report of goods brought back in the Johanna and Ec^U not to be sold. 



8o 


COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 


and of those returned in the Falcon to be sold is read and approved. 
Two reports concerning debts owing by Thomas Ivat and Henry Smith 
are read, and order is given for Cossen and his assistant to go to their 
respective securities and demand payment. The following orders are 
issued: the owners of the Falcon to be paid 3,000/. in part of her freight ; 
the owners of the Phoenix and Expectation to see that their ships sail 
from Gravesend, according to charterparty, by the 20th instant, the 
latter to carry whole kentledge; the Coast and Bay ships to sail from 
Gravesend by November 20 next, and the Surat ships by February 10 
next ; the Berkeley Castle and the Lancaster, carrying half kentledge, to 
sail for Bantam by November 20 next (the Lancaster to go to Jambi) ; 
the Eagle and the Johanna, carrying whole kentledge, to sail for Bantam 
on February 10 next. The following securities are approved: George 
and Solomon Gosfright in i,oooZ. for George Gosfright, factor; Thomas 
and Hugh Hellowes in 500/. for Thomas Hellowes, Junior, writer. The 
Committee for the Coast and Bay to read the advices from thence and 
report as to whether it is necessary to send any writers there this year, 
they are also to inquire about an able black silk dyer and a throwster for 
the Bay, and to provide a miH and other materials fit for throwing silk, 
and ingredients for dying and ascertain how the gloss in black silk in the 
skein may be preserved when it is woven into taffetas. The Surat Com- 
mittee to read the Company's advices and consider what writers should 
be sent to that Presidency this year and report. The Auditor presents 
an abstract of the Company's demands from Sir Henry Dacres, late 
Agent at Bantam, this is referred to the Lawsuits Committee to con- 
sider and examine what vouchers there are to make good every article, 
and draw up a charge fit to be insisted upon by the Company. The 
accounts of the late Samuel Austen who died at Bantam to be reported, 
also those of Major WiUiam Puckle and of his son Samuel Puckle. Mr. 
Parry who lately told the Court that he was going as Envoy to His 
Majesty to the Court of Portugal now reports that he waited on Secre- 
tary Coventry for his instructions, when the latter told him that he 
wanted information about the Company's affairs at Bombay and de- 
sired him to teU this to the Court. Hereupon order is given for a copy of 
the Company's last address to the Lords Committees for Trade and 
Plantations to be taken to Secretary Coventry and for Mr. Parry to be 
told of the time when this shall be done. At his desire, Mr. Burroughs is 
excused from his appointment as factor at Bantam. When at Bantam 
the following places in Council are to be taken by factors going there. 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


8i 


after the youngest in Council, viz. ; Thomas James, First ; John Blunden, 
Second; James Taylor, Third; and Benjamin Wethered, Fourth. 
iiipp.) 

A Court of Committees, September 7, 1677 (Court Book, voL xxx, 
p. 312). 

A report from the Committee of the Calico Warehouse at Leadenhall 
of the valuation of goods to be offered for sale on the i8th instant is 
approved. A report is read from the Committee for the Coast and Bay 
of what cargoes may be sent there by this year's ships, and the Court 
give order for bullion and goods to the value of about 204,501/. to be 
sent, which axe to be provided by the Committee for Buying Goods, but 
one-half only of the woollen manufactures usually sent to the Bay to be 
provided. Mr. Parry moving that Signor Alvaro Pirez may be allowed 
to omit some words from the address he is to make to the Company, it is 
referred to the Surat Committee to read the advices received from that 
Presidency touching his absenting himself from Bombay when the 
Dutch Fleet was in the Road, and report to the Court. ( J p,) 

A Court of Committees, September 7, 1677 [afternoon] 
(Ibid,), 

Order is given for the two brass pieces of ordnance at Woolwich be- 
longing to the Company to be sent in the shipping now bound for 
Bantam and the South Seas. The Shipping Committee to consider a 
proposal to send a ship early direct to the Bay, to return from thence to 
the Coast, and so early to England, and report what advantage might 
be gained, and whether this could be done seasonably. The Lawsuits 
Committee to meet next Tuesday and confer with Moses about Mr. 
Mainston's papers, and what proofs may be drawn from them on the 
Company's behalf . {\p.) 

The Company to Messrs. Ball and Gosfright, September 9, 1677 
(lUd,, vol. V, p. 451). 

Enclose copy of their last, and acknowledge the receipt of letters from 
them of August 16 and 20. Note the quantity of coral already bought, 
and the bills for 916Z. 13s. 4^. drawn upon them. Enclose a packet for 
Aleppo to be sent by the first ship that comes. (J p.) 

G 


4372 



82 


COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

The Company to Consul Nightingale, September 9, 1677 {Letter 
Book, vol. V, p. 451). 

Since their last letter of July 19, the Johanna, Eagle, and Falcon have 
arrived from the Coast, leaving the Surat Merchant four days after 
coming from the Fort because of her heavy sailing, also the President 
from Bantam, but the Mary, which came out six weeks before, is not yet 
arrived. Enclosed is another packet for Persia to be forwarded by the 
first opportunity. Acknowledge receipt of his letters of June 2 and 5, 
but the packet said to be sent by the Levant Merchant has not come to 
hand, (i^.) 

A Court of Committees, September 12, 1677 {Court Book, vol. xxx, 
P- 313). 

A survey of the Expectation made by Captain Prowd and Mr. Ely is 
read and approved. The qualifications of Mr. Evans, curate of Thistle- 
worth, to be ascertained and reported, he being recommended by Sir 
Joseph Ashe to be one of the Company's chaplains in India. The Gover- 
nor states that he gave order for the letters for India to be dispatched 
last Monday though they were signed by only ten or eleven of the Com- 
mittees ; this is approved. The Bantam Committee to ascertain when 
Francis Bowyear and Robert Marshal were entertained as factors for 
that place, their salaries, and when they went there, also to which the 
precedence in Coimcil belongs. A suggestion is made to dispatch one of 
the smallest ships entertained for Surat next November, with orders to 
sail to the Coast of Melinda, Arabia, and the Red Sea, and procure gold, 
elephants' teeth, etc. suitable for Surat, also coffee and drugs fit for 
Europe, from thence to proceed to Surat and return with the ships to 
England; this is referred to the consideration of the Shipping Com- 
mittee. Richard Bumabie is entertained to go as factor to Bantam, in 
the room of Mr. Burroughs, at a yearly salary of 40^. and take place in 
Council next to the youngest now there. The following accounts to be 
examined and reported, viz., those of Henry Tw3me, Mr. Uvedale, John 
Hall3nvell, and Robert Yeasley. Order is given for the musk to be put 
up for sale at 20s. the ounce. The owners of the Eagle, the Johanna, and 
the President each to be paid 4,oooZ. in part of the freight of their re- 
spective ships, and the owners of the Loyal Subject to be paid 830?. 12s. 
2d, in full of her freight and demurrage. Ten writers to be entertained 
for Surat. The following securities are approved, viz., William Jacques 
and Richard Jenkinson, London merchants, in 1,000/. for James Taylor, 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


83 

factor ; Roger Braddle, Edward Colson, George Cary and Daniel Fordin 
in 500/. apiece for Robert Parker; Samuel Putt, Henry Powell, Thomas 
Lamb, and Thomas Price in 500/. apiece for Benjamin Delawne. A 
report is read from the Surat Committee touching the demands of Henry 
Legate, executor of the late Henry Thomson. A warrant to be made out 
for payment of looZ. to Captain Hide, due by a bill of exchange drawn 
on the Company by the Governor and Council of St. Helena, to be 
charged to the account of soldiers of that island. The representations of 
Messrs. Delawne and Blundell are referred to the Shipping Committee 
to consider what proportion of tonnage should be allowed to them and 
the other factors and writers now boimd for Bantam and China, all to 
pay freight for any exceeding the proportion agreed on. The Treasury 
Committee and several others to consider how the certificate that is to 
be given by the Cashier-General to buyers, in accordance with the 
Court’s order of April ii last, may be drawn up best for the accommoda- 
tion of the Cashier-General and of the buyers. All factors who are or 
shall be entertained for the Indies to take the oath of freemen. The sum 
of 71Z. 6s. 6^. due to the account of the late John Crandon to be paid. 
{2i pp.y 

A Court of Committees, September 14, 1677 {Ibid., p. 315). 

Robert Bateman of South Uckingden, Essex, and John Bigsby, a 
London merchant, are accepted as security in 500/. for Anthony Bate- 
man, writer. A report is read from the Coast and Bay Committee 
touching the factory of Masulipatam, etc., and referred for consideration 
until after the sale. Damaged pepper to be delivered to the owners of 
the President A report touching the present state and condition of 
Samuel Baron is read, and the Court opine that he should be given 
eighty pounds, over and above what he has already received, half to be 
paid to him here and the remainder at Bantam, and that he should take 
passage in one of the ships now botmd for that place. The form of the 
certificate to be given the buyers by the Cashier is agreed upon. 
The Phoenix and the Expectation to be hastened to Gravesend, and the 
Company’s goods designed for Bantam sent aboard them at once. 
The Court, after long debate, resolve that no abatement in the freight 
of ships to be employed for the Indies shall be made this year. The 
account of Charles Bendish to be reported, and money due upon the 

* The sum of 6,107/. i 75 * 9 ^- was ordered to be ‘made paid in cash' to five persons named 
for gold and silver, etc., and 345/. to twelve persons named for interest. 



84 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

accotint of Samuel Austin, a former writer at Bantam, to be paid. A 
letter from Sir William Hooker and the Lady Dawes is read in which the 
desire of Streynsham Master is expressed that Robert Bowyer, who he 
intended to have taken with him when he left home, may be admitted 
to serve him in the room of Nathaniel Whetham lately dead. The Court 
hereupon are pleased to entertain the said Bowyer as a writer at a 
salary of lol. a year, he to take place as youngest writer at the Fort. 
The owners of the Loyd Merchant to be paid 3,213!. i8s. 6 d. in full of 
freight and all demands. Musters of silk sent home in two fardels, one 
by Edmond Bugden, the other by Joseph Hall, to be examined, priced, 
and compared with the Company’s silk, and the difference between 
them reported. (i-lpP-) 

A General Court of Sales, September 18, 1677 {Court Book, vol. 
XXX, p. 317). 

Sale of cotton yam, Floretta yarn, pepper, mixed and white pepper, 
dust of pepper, Carmania wool, coffee, cardamoms, cassia lignum, spiken- 
ard, senna, benzoin, aloes Socatrina and Hepatica, olibanum, sal-am- 
moniac, buffalo hides, Lahore and Sarkhej indigo, flat and round indigo, 
dust of indigo, tincal, green ginger, stick-lac, turmeric, cowries, sdt- 
petre, refined saltpetre, red earth, redwood, sappan wood, longcloth, 
blue and brown longcloth, salampores, parcallaes, morees, ginghams, 
betellees, oringalbetellees, humhums, nillaes, cossaes, romalls, mulmuls, 
neckcloths, sannoes, shashees, allejaes, taffetas, raw taffetas, Favindine 
musters, raw sUk, sheerbands, musk, quilts large and small, chintz 
broad and narrow, Serunge chintz, chintz kaddy, tapseils, Guinea stuffs, 
brawles, pautkaes brown and white, derebauds, dungarees, baftas 
broad and narrow, blue, brown, and white, sovaguzzees, nicannees, 
comitters, tappy serasses, Pavandum Gobers, seras Gobers, stitching 
silk, calicoes, Tonquin stuffs, hoddns, peelongs, theamimwing, showes, 
theas flower’d, velvets, striped silks, China silks, peniascoes, raw silk, 
yellow, damask, and white silk, with prices and names of purchasers. 

(ioiPP-) 

Richard Watts at Deal to Sir Joseph Williamson, September 
18, 1677 {Public Record Office: S.P. Dorn., Car. II. 396, no. 162). 

. , . The Surat Merchant from the Bay of Bengal arrived this after- 


noon. 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


85 

Notes by Sir Joseph Williamson about the East India Company, 
[? September] , 16^7 {Public Record Office: S.P, Dom.,Car. II, 396, no. 166), 

Several stocks have been raised for this trade, the first in King James's 
time. One in his time was of 1,600, oooZ. in which most of the nobility 
were deeply engaged. This stock, after 14 years' trading, for want of 
right methods [was much lost so when they] divided the principal they 
had but 70 per cent of their money, not having had one dividend in ail 
those years. Their error, amongst others, was that they laid out at one 
time 300,000^. in building shipping, which was more than King James 
had then in the Navy. They went to war with the Portuguese, Indians, 
etc. The United Stock was begun in the time of the rebellion. Before 
the King came in, less stocks were made up under the main stock 
by way of licence and permission, as one of about 150,000/. in which 
the Houblon's father was, by which money was got but not much. The 
present stock begun in 1657 is reckoned the sixth stock raised in the 
trade but of 400,000^., but is now worth 1,200,000/. They employ about 
28 stout ships from 250 to 600 and 650 tons, that is 14 sent out every 
year or thereabouts. They never use a ship above 7 years in that trade, 
but then turn her oft to other trades, whereas one built of the force and 
strength of those in the East India trade wiU serve well for 30 years in 
any other trade, by which it appears how this trade fiUs the nation with 
great ships. They employ 3,000 tons of shipping in the pepper trade 
alone, though by that trade they rather lose than get, doing it only for 
the good of the public, that Holland may not be sole masters of that 
spice. They laid out 40,000/. in an attempt to settle a trade in Japan 
and lost it all, but hope in time to do something. In China they do 
pretty weU. The United Stock never carried out 2,500 cloths, now the 
Company carries out, etc. [s/c]. When the interlopers had wearied out 
the last stock, and all was brought to an open trade, the very open 
traders themselves, finding they were imdone by it, became the suitors 
to have a joint stock set up in 1657. Calicoes are their great riches, and 
in which they infinitely outdo the Hollander. {2pp, Somewhat damaged,) 

A Court of Committees, September 22, 1677 {Court Book, voL xxx, 
P* 349 )* 

The Shipping Committee to give directions, that the complement of 
men obliged to be carried out by ship-owners are fit for service, and that 
.a survey be taken of them at Gravesend and given in to the Court. 
Wrappers and gunnies to be allowed to buyers of raw silk at the last 



86 


COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

sale. The Shipping Committee to supply such a proportion as they 
think fit of Spanish flat iron bars to be sent in the Phoenix and Expecta- 
tion to Bantam. Certain Committees to read the advices from Bantam 
about casting the copper petties received from the King of Bantam into 
ordnance, and contract with persons competent to do this ; they are also 
to provide blunderbusses for the use of the Pengran Kedule. The 
Cashier-General to be directed to prepare an estimate of the present 
state of the Company's treasury, what bullion is ready for the Coast and 
Bay ships and for the Bantam ships now going out to accompany them ; 
what freights and customs are still unpaid, what money is owing at 
interest, and report to the Court next Wednesday week, when the 
motion now made by Lord Berkeley is to be considered. Bows and 
arrows advised for from Bantam to be provided and sent in the ships 
now bound thither, {up.) 

The Company to Elias Russel and Company, September 25, 1677 
{Letter Book, vol. v, p. 452). 

Acknowledge the receipt of their letter of August 6, advising that the 
money owing by them on Sambrooke’s account shall be detained until 
further order. Since then Sambrooke has written Russel and Company 
a letter stating that what goods and effects of his they have should be 
for the Company’s account, which letter they enclose. They therefore 
request a copy of the account depending between them and Sam- 
brooke, remittance of what balance they have already in their hands, 
and the remainder as it comes in, or else that it be sent in white or 
yellow Lombard Street ware. (J pJ) 

The Company to Henry Hampson, September 26, 1677 (Ibid., p. 452). 

Told him before of Sambrooke’s willingness to make the best satis- 
faction possible, and that his effects in Hampson’s hands should be made 
good to their account. Accordingly Sambrooke and Mr. Scudamore 
have written Hampson to that effect ; these letters are enclosed, and the 
Company judge they will be sufficient, and therefore desire Hampson to 
make sale at once of the goods in his hands and remit the proceeds to 
them with the account. (J p,) 

The Company to John Selwin and Company, September 26, 1677 
{IbU., p. 452). 

Acknowledge their letter of August 16, in which they promise to 
comply with the Company’s desires about the goods received from Sam- 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


87 

brooke and now in their hands. Since then Sambrooke has made an 
assignment under his hand and seal of all the said goods to the Com- 
pany, copy of which, attested by a public notary, is enclosed. There- 
fore they now request an account of the particular sorts of goods sent 
them by Sambrooke, and that all remaining unsold may be disposed of 
and the amount fetched, remitted, or sent 'in white or yellow Lombard 
Street ware’. (J^.) 

A Court of Committees, September 26, 1677 {Court Book, vol. xxx, 
P- 350). 

George Cooke petitioning for employment in the Company’s service, 
and a good character being given him by Sir Thomas Clarges, and for 
other considerations, he is entertained as a factor for India. John 
Thomas having served his apprenticeship at Fort St. George and desir- 
ing to be admitted as a factor, the Coast and Bay Committee are to 
report what is written about him in advices received from thence. The 
Phoenix and Expectation to be at once dispatched to Gravesend, their 
commanders not to wait for one another, but to use all possible en- 
deavours to get into the Downs and proceed on their voyage. After 
some debate it is decided not to send a throwster to China. An able 
silk-dyer well experienced in dyeing black silk to be entertained for the 
Bay upon the same terms and conditions as given to others. The copper 
petties to be delivered to Mr. Whitman, the gunfounder. A report is 
read from the Lawsuits Committee touching the business of Mr. Main- 
stone and they axe directed to speak with the referees appointed by the 
High Court of Chancery on the Company’s behalf, that a day may be 
appointed for them to meet and consider the matter. The Court, having 
resolved to carry on a considerable trade to and from China, to which 
end the Phoenix has been freighted to sail to Bantam and thence to 
Amoy, order that from henceforth all sorts of peelongs, damask, and 
satins both wrought and plain of any kind are to be reserved and appro- 
priated to the Company, and that no indulgence is to be given for bring- 
ing them home as private trade, and when any are imported contrary 
to this order a stated damage of 15s. a piece of every ten yards shall be 
charged. Turmeric is also prohibited from henceforth as private trade, 
and all cinnamon, cassia lignum, cinnamon de matt, and trambon cinna- 
mon to be made the Company’s commodity and left out of the present 
indulgence, with all damask of Persia, India, and Bengal. W il l ia m 
Bridges is admitted to the freedom by redemption. Moses to prepare a 



88 


COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

draft for transfer of one-half of the Stock of the late Quarles Brown to 
be assigned to William Bridges for the use of the eldest daughter of the 
said Brown, as Mr. Hodges and his wife shall direct, (ij j>p.) 

A Court of Committees, September 28, 1677 {Court Book, vol. xxx, 
p. 351). 

The complaint of John Langham that he bought twenty-six bags of 
pepper which have been disposed of to others is referred to the Com- 
mittees of the Pepper Warehouse. Messrs. Delawne and Blunden, taking 
the advice of Alderman Bathurst, are to buy twenty patterns of several 
sorts of silk of J yard each, such as may possibly 'hold in fashion’, to 
take with them to China. A chest of peelongs lately bought by Mr. 
Ongley and alleged by him to be different from and far worse than the 
samples to be examined. All the factors elected for Bantam and China 
to be notified to attend the Court next Wednesday to take their freedom, 
and the Lawsuits Committee to prepare the form of an oath to be ad- 
ministered by the President, Agents, and Chiefs in India to all factors 
and writers as they come of age to oblige them to their allegiance to the 
King and to faithfulness to this Company in the management of their 
trade, conformable to the oath taken by the freemen of the Company. 
The accounts of William Moses, John Cooper, John IngoU, and Samuel 
Bullivant to be examined and reported. The Coast and Bay Committee 
to ascertain the abilities and skill of Thomas Blackbome and Edward 
Vale, silk-dyers, who have offered to serve the Company in the Bay, and, 
if they find them experienced in dyeing black and coloured silks to enter- 
tain them at such salaries and on such conditions as they deem fit, and 
report. Daniel Slater, the Elder, of Lincoln’s Inn, and Daniel Slater, 
stationer of London, are approved of as security in 500/. for William 
Slater. The Lawsuits Committee to prepare an endorsement to be made 
on chaxterparties prohibiting the exportation of peelongs, damasks, and 
satins, wrought and plain, from China, also of turmeric, to read the in- 
dulgences to the factors, commanders, and seamen, omitting from them 
the said goods now reserved as the Company’s commodities. Mr. Cleave 
requesting an order to receive 300/. he lent to the Company, their bill 
for which he has accidentally lost, it is referred to the Lawsuits Com- 
mittee to consider what discharge should be taken upon payment of this 
sum. The Court resolve to consider next Wednesday who shall take the 
place of Agent at Bantam in case of the death or removal of Mr. White. 
The Treasury Committee to afiSx the Company’s seal to the counterparts 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 89 

of the indentures of the factors and writers lately entertained to serve at 
Bantam and the South Seas, (ij fp.) 

The Company to Messrs. Ball, Gosfright and Company, Sep- 
tember 29, 1677 {Letter Book, vol. v, p. 454). 

Acknowledge their letters of August 27, September 3 and 10. Note 
the bills of exchange mentioned to be drawn on them, and that five 
chests of Grezio coral have been laden in the Madeira Merchant. En- 
close a packet for Aleppo to be sent on by the first opportimity. (J p.) 

A Court of Committees, October 3, 1677 {Court Book, vol. xxx, 
P* 354 )- 

The account of John Elliott to be examined and reported. A report 
from the Lawsuits Committee is read, to which is annexed the charge 
against Sir Henry Dacres, late Agent at Bantam, and the demands of 
the Company from him; aH which is approved, and order given for 
these to be delivered to Sir Henry. Sir John Frederick recommends 
Robert Sherman for entertainment and gives a satisfactory account of 
his behaviour and qualifications, whereupon Sherman is entertained as 
a writer for India at lol, a year. Richard Steele and George Baron are 
accepted as security in 1,000/. for Richard Burnaby, factor. Roger 
Bradil and Edward Colson, formerly accepted as security each in 500/. 
for Richard Parker, now each desiring to be accepted in 250/. only, and 
Parker proposing Henry Grffith and George Sitwell to be security each 
in 250/., the Court approve. Writers for Surat to be elected next Wed- 
nesday. Sir Henry Dacres coming into Court he is given the charge con- 
taining the Company's demands from him to which he is desired to 
return an answer. The owners of the Loyal Eagle, Johanna, Berkeley 
Castle, President, and Falcon each to be given a warrant for 1,000/. on 
account of freight. Order is given for a dividend of twenty per cent to 
be made to the adventurers in the General Joint Stock, warrants to be 
prepared by the 12th inst. and a General Court to be held next Friday 
afternoon to acquaint the adventurers of this. Lord Berkeley and 
certain other Committees to consider how money may be raised for 
propagating the Gospel in India and for the relief of the poor, and how 
the money may be managed in order to answer these ends. A representa- 
tion from Patrick Warner, late chaplain at Fort St. George, is read, in 
which he prays for consideration of his present condition with respect 
to the prohibited goods he brought back ; the Court allow him a gratuity 



90 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

of 20?., he having received no imprest on going out, and order that 
certam romals he has be allowed him free of stated damages, but that 
he is to pay what is due on his other goods, (i J pp.) 

A Court OF Committees, Octobers, 1677 [afternoon] {Court Book, 
vol. XXX, p. 356). 

Robert Parker and Benjamin Wethered take the oath admitting them 
to the freedom of the Company, with this salvo, that it should not 
abridge their liberty of trading in the East Indies granted to all factors 
in the Company’s service and permitted by their covenants or printed 
indulgence. The draft of a letter to the Agent and Council at Bantam is 
read, and it is resolved to consider the clause touching a letter to the 
King of that place next Friday. (i| pp,) 

A Court of Committees, October 5, 1677 {Ibid,, p. 358). 

Benjamin Delawne takes the oath administered to those admitted to 
the freedom of the Company, with the reservation that it is not to de- 
prive him of the liberty of trading granted to all the Company’s factors 
now or hereafter by their covenants or any printed indulgence. The 
chest of peelongs bought by Mr. Ongley to be received back from him 
and exposed for sale next March, he to be paid what he gave for it with 
interest. John Elliot to be paid the money due on his account. The 
account of Matthew Gray to be reported. The Shipping Committee to 
provide eight chests of wine for the South Sea factories, Tonquin, 
Tywan, Amoy, and Siam, and three chests to be provided for Bantam 
and sent by the next ships, after the departure of the Phoenix and 
Expectation. Certain of the Committees are desired to provide the goods 
written for by Pengran Kedule to the value of the proceeds of his pepper. 
Resolved that only 130 barrels of powder are to be sent to the King of 
Bantam, certain of the Committees to wait on Secretary Williamson and 
tell him why the whole 200 barrels have not been sent. John White to 
be allowed to export 1,500 dollars to Bantam, permission free, as they 
are for his own account. The Bantam Committee to prepare a letter to 
be written from the Company to the Sultan of Bantam in answer to one 
received from him. A certificate to be made out and granted to Mr. 
Bredah of the quantities of quicksilver and vermiUon bought from binn 
for the Company, and the Company’s lesser seal to be afi&xed to the said 
certificate. The Shipping Committee to read the letter of attorney of 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


91 

Mr. Wynn, chaplain at St. Helena, and report what money should be 
paid thereon.^ 

The Company to Sultan Abuix Fettahee, King of Bantam and 
MANY other Territories, October 5, 1677 (Letter Book, voL v, p. 474). 

They have received from their Agent, Arnold White, the Sultan’s 
answer to their letter, by which, in spite of the false suggestions of their 
late Agent, Henry Dacres, they see that the Sultan possesses those 
'noble principles of justice and righteousness by which Kings reign and 
the thrones of all Princes are established’. They will not trouble him 
with any further mention of Dacres’s 'evill acting’, hoping that the 
integrity and candour of their present Agent, Arnold White, will give 
full satisfaction and so repair the losses they sustained by the wrong 
doings of his predecessor. They pray the Sultan to give full credence to 
whatever White shall propose in their name, and accord him such 
honour and respect as is due both to himself and his position. They do 
not doubt but that the innate justice and prudence of the Sultan, his 
long experience of the just dealing of the Company, and the great bene- 
fits he and all his subjects have enjoyed by their trade will oblige him to 
keep inviolably and perpetually the capitulations made with them con- 
cerning the trade and customs of Bantam. The application made by 
their Agent for confirmation of the said capitulations by royal seal and 
chop was not unsuitable for him to ask, or for the Sultan to grant, it 
being only what the Grand Seigneur and the King of Persia conde- 
scended to do, therefore the Company hope that the Sultan wiU not only 
confirm what is already agreed to between them, but grant such further 
privileges as their Agent shall reasonably request, as there is nothing he 
can ask that can exceed the Company’s designs of increasing the trade 
of the Sultan and his people by making Bantam the centre of all their 
trade to the eastern part of the world if they have due encouragement 
from him to do so, which, knowing his wisdom and foresight, they do 
not doubt but they will receive, as the profits accruing will be greater 
to him than to them. They now refer to that part of their former letter to 
which the Sultan gave no answer, viz., the abatement of the price of 
and custom on pepper, a matter so essential to the support of Bantam 
that the Sultan’s great wisdom will cause him to consider and co-operate 
with the Company in order to contrive some methods for effecting it. 

* The sum, of 438Z. 15s. was ordered to be 'Made paid in cash to the persons following, 
for Interest'. 



93 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

The Company lose yearly by pepper, and, what is worse, at the losing 
price at which they sell it, cannot dispose of one-third of the quantity 
they have, and may expect before the next sale. They will not trouble 
him with particulars as to how this loss arises, that the Agent will do if 
asked, but as they have heard that when these complaints are made, the 
Sultan, or some of his ministers have said, if they lose so much why do 
they continue the trade ? The answer is easy: if we only cared for our- 
selves and our present gain we should immediately discontinue it, but 
our aim is greater than just for our own profit, we think of posterity and 
the honour of our Sovereign and his subjects who benefit by the enlarge- 
ment and continuance of our trade in pepper as well as in other com- 
modities. They beg the Sultan to consider whether these noble aims 
which oblige them to endure patiently the present burden may not with 
much more reason be impressed upon the Sultan and induce him to 
participate with them and forbear some part of his gain in order 
to secure the continuance of that trade to his port and city for ever. To 
avoid being tedious they refer him for further details to their Agent. At 
their humble request the King has been pleased to cause one hundred 
and fifty barrels of gunpowder to be sent to the Sultan as a present in 
return for the hunchred bahars of pepper received from him ; the gun- 
powder is laden in the Expectation and on her arrival will be delivered 
by the Agent. The Company have paid the freight and charges amount- 
ing to 375 rials of eight, which they present to the Sultan and beg his 
acceptance. They desire 'the Almighty God to encrease your Majesties 
honour and happiness', (2 pp,) 

The Company's Arguments for abating the price and custom of 
JPepper {undated) {Letter Book, vol. v, p. 476). 

The Sultan of Bantam having taken no notice of that part of their 
letter touching the price of and custom on pepper, they renew the 
subject, and inform him that in this matter they have as great a regard 
to his interest and profit as to their own. At the present rate of sixteen 
rials the bahar for pepper the Company are great losers, not only by the 
cheapness of ginger, which has much lessened the consumption of pepper 
in those parts, but more especially because of the vast quantities of 
pepper bought by the Dutch, which they procure at other places at much 
lower rates than the Company do at Bantam, and sell in Europe at a 
very low price, hoping to make the trade so improfitable to the Company 
ns to oblige them to abandon it, so that they may remain sole masters 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


93 

of it, and when they become the only buyers in India force the Indians 
to let them have their pepper at the price they please and make the 
European nations pay what price they put upon it, as they do with nut- 
megs, cloves, and mace, which spices they have engrossed to them- 
selves. If it is considered how many artifices and policies the Dutch 
have used to supplant the Company in their trade and become sole 
merchants for the sale of pepper, the Sultan cannot but see that, if they 
accomplish their design and make the Company give up and withdraw 
from his port, they would then show him another countenance and 
endeavour to impose on him as they have done on other Princes. That 
the Company have increased their trade instead of lessening it may at 
first seem a paradox (as it is certain that the end and design of all 
traders is profit), but not when it is considered that the way to render 
antagonists hopeless and so cause them to cease their attempts is to 
seem resolute rather than discouraged, and with heroic wisdom wUlingly 
to bear a present loss in hopes of future and constant profit, for they 
show great foUy who to gain some extraordinary profit for a little time 
forfeit moderate advantages and profits that might be enjoyed per- 
petually. By this the Sultan will clearly see the reasons and approve the 
practice of the Company, yet wisely conclude that a losing trade cannot 
be long continued, and therefore will find it to his interest to comply 
with the Company’s desire and abate the price of and custom on pepper, 
and so enable them to continue their trade at Bantam and frustrate the 
designs of those who would advance their own greatness by engrossing 
that trade to the Sultan’s prejudice, (i p,) 


A Court of Committees, October 9, 1677 {Court Book, vol. xxx, 
p. 360). 

The owners of the Phoenix to be paid 3,446/. 5s. (jd,, they depositing 
looZ. in the Company's hands till the business of the white pepper is 
determined. A broken mortar piece from aboard the Ec^le brought 
from the Bay to be delivered to the Husband, The Bantam Committee 
to prepare an answer to the letter received from Pengran Kedule, and 
goods written for by him to be provided to the value of the proceeds of 
the pepper he sent to the Company. The Court, having seen a pattern 
of coarse red cloth sent from the Bay, desire the Committee for Buying 
Goods to ascertain if there is any sort of English manufacture corre- 
sponding in goodness to be procured and sold as cheaply in the Bay, and 
report. {\p,) 



94 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

The Company to the Pengran Kedxjle {undated) [Letter Book, vol. 
V, p. 417 )’ 

By the President they received his friendly letter and the lOO bahars 
of clean, milled pepper he wishes them to dispose of and return the 
proceeds by their next shipping. The ship arriving late the pepper 
could not be sold this season as they have only two sales viz., in March 
and September. All their pepper that arrived in time was sold at 
per pound, 6 J per cent abated for discount, what remains is in the ware- 
houses and cannot be sold until next March, when they fear the price 
will be lowered. Their Agent will explain why the price of pepper is so 
low and why a greater quantity would not sell. Though his pepper 
arrived too late to be sold, yet to evince their friendship and respect 
they now send the full value of the same quantity of their own pepper 
sold at the last sale, viz., 426Z. 9s. (>d. expended in the commodities he 
desired and laden in the Expectation. If his pepper shall 3deld more or 
less he shall be advised. He will observe that no interest has been 
charged for advancing the money until the time of the next sale, nor for 
the allowance usually given to brokers and others employed in this 
business, nor for maintaining their factories at Bantam, loss of weight 
in drying and milling, so he will easily perceive what great losers the 
Company are by the trade of pepper from Bantam, and that they will 
discontinue it if there is not some abatement in price made by the 
Sultan, which they pray him to further, and also to assist their Agent 
in obtaining the same good allowance for weight made formerly. The 
powder, cordage, and other goods sent to hhn have been procured at the 
cheapest rate, as if for themselves, and they will be always willing to 
supply him with such commodities as he shall write for, and order their 
factors to deliver them to him at Bantam as cheaply as possible. The 
powder now sent is sometimes much more expensive and this they hope 
he will not grudge. Nothing shall be wanting on the Company's part to 
maintain a good friendship with the Sultan, and for continuing their 
trade at his port if they meet with due encouragement. They commit 
him "to the protection of the Almighty God', (if pp.) 

A Court of Committees, October 12, 1677 [Court Book, vol. xxx, 
p. 361). 

The accounts of Nathaniel Whetham and Samuel BuUivant to be 
stated. The Committee for Bu3dng Goods to apportion the kentledge 
goods to be laden in the Coast ships and send them on board as soon as 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


95 

the ships are ready to receive them. The demands of William Warren 
touching the money due on the account of John March to be reported. 
The Treasury Committee to send on board the Phoenix the proportion 
of 80,000 dollars appointed for the factories of T5rwan, Tonquin, Siam, 
and Amoy, and on board the Expectation the portion designed for Siam 
together with 20,000 Seville and Mexico dollars for Bantam. Also to 
provide 200,oooZ. in gold and silver bullion, i20,oooZ. in gold, and 
8o,oooZ. in silver bars or pieces of eight, and continue to buy such Seville 
and Mexico dollars as shall be offered to them. Thomas Lewes to be 
directed to pay to the attomies of John Ingol, late boatswain's mate in 
the Advice Pink, and Robert Yadsley, late carpenter in the said vessel, 
three months' pay. Representation to be made to the Committee for 
the City Lands and Christ's Hospital concerning the inconvenience the 
Company is likely to suffer by the stopping up of some of the warehouse 
lights by the buildings now being erected in LeadenhaU. The Bantam 
Committee to consider the draft of two letters prepared to be written to 
the King of Bantam \ut supra, pp. 91-2] and Pengran Keedule and amend 
them according to the sense of the present debate. The same amount of 
Canary wine for the factories on the Coast and Bay and for Surat to be 
provided as was sent last year, and the three chests of wine already 
bought for Bantam to be added to in proportion to what was sent there 
by last year's shipping. Permission to be granted to export in the 
Phoenix and the Expectation freight free, the several sums of money by 
the following persons, viz., Benjamin Wethered 3,000 pieces of eight, 
John Blunden dollars to the value of 500Z., George Tash 1,000 pieces of 
eight, and Abraham Wold 1,100 pieces of eight, they all declaring that 
these moneys are for their own proper account. Dr. Micklethwaite to be 
allowed to ship in the Expectation to the value of one hundred pieces of 
eight on paying freight. The Surat Committee to compute the tonnage 
and value of the goods advised for, whidi are to be brought from thence 
by the ships now going out. Certain Committees to consider what 
powers are necessary to be obtained by a charter from the King for the 
trial of criminal causes at Fort St. George, and the subordinate factories, 
and for sending home such English as remain in India contrary to the 
Company's charter, or what else may conduce to the good government 
of the Company's factories there, and report. The Coast and Bay Com- 
mittee to read the papers of complaints exhibited against any of the 
factors at Masulipatam and in the Bay, and the answers thereto, 
ascertain what directions have been given for their exammation and 



96 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

what returns have been made by Major Puckle or the Commission 
appointed to examine these, and report with their opinion as to what is 
fit to be done. A satisfactory character having been received of Edward 
Evans, who has been employed several years as a waiter aboard the 
Company's ships, he is elected Surveyor of the waiters at a salary of 
2oL a year in the place of Humphrey Faircliff, deceased, and the Com- 
mittee for Private Trade are to prepare an oath to be administered to 
the Surveyors of the waiters for the faithful discharge of their duties. 
The Accountant reports that no warrant was made out for the last 
dividend to Walter Hampton for his adventure in the General Joint 
Stock, which was for 1200Z., because a transfer was made by his ex- 
ecutors on June the ist last of 500Z. of the said adventure to Angel 
Hampton, but not accepted by her until the nth instant; hereupon 
order is given for two warrants to be made out, one for 140Z. to the 
executors, and the other for looZ. to the said Angel Hampton. { 2 ^pp.) 

A Court of Committees, October 12, 1677 [afternoon] {Court 
Book, vol. XXX, p. 363). 

The Company's answer to the general letter from Bantam is read and 
the Court resolve to consider further on Wednesday next the clause 
concerning Pengran Keedule. Consideration also as to the proportion 
of velvets and tabbies to be sent to the King of Siam is referred to the 
next Court day. For better regulation of the purchase of goods the Com- 
mittee for so doing to be enjoined to meet and not contract for any goods 
without consent of a full quorum of the members of that Conomittee, 
and if any goods are contracted for contrary to this order the same shall 
be left upon the hands of the buyers and the Company shall not be 
obliged to pay for them. ( J p.) 

Warrant from TreasurerDanbyto the Customs Commissioners, 
October 16, 1677 {FiMio Record Office: Out Letters (Customs) III, 
P* 363)- 

To permit the transport of 200 barrels of powder, being delivered out 
of the Ordnance stores to the Agent of the East India Company, as a 
present to the Sultan of Bantam : as by the royal sign manual of June 19 
last. 

A Court of Committees, October 17, 1677 (Court Book, vol. xxx, 

p. 364). 

At the request of Sir Thomas Allen, his son Benjamin, ‘who is quali- 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


97 

fied by his good hand writing and arethmetick for businesse \ is elected 
to be a writer in India at a salary of loZ. a year. Resolved that a return 
be made by this shipping to Pengran Keedule for the pepper he sent to 
the Company in the President^ and Mr. Papillon is desired to write a 
clause in the letter to Bantam concerning it. Permission is given to the 
owners of the Phoenix to ship in her 2,000 dollars free of freight, and to 
Captain Wildie to ship in her 4,500 dollars. Robert Parker, Second at 
Bantam, to be allowed 15Z. for fresh provisions in his voyage, and the 
same amoimt to be allowed to Benjamin Delawne, Chief for China, with 
an additional 5/. in consideration of his voyage from Bantam to Amoy ; 
and loZ. to be allowed to John Blunden for fresh provisions for his 
voyage to Tonquin. The Committee for the Surat Warehouse to ex- 
amine a chest of peelongs bought by Mr. Ongley at the last sale, he 
alleging that they are different from the samples. The owners of the 
Surat Merchant to be paid 3,oooZ. in part of her freight and demurrage. 
Benjamin Delawne to be allowed to ship 5,000 pieces of eight freight 
free in the Phoenix, he declaring they are for his own proper account. 
Samuel Sambrooke still delaying to give an account of the goods he 
disposed of from the Company’s warehouse, order is given for him to be 
summoned in writing to attend the Court next Wednesday, the sum- 
mons to be left for him at the house of Barnabas Scudamore. A letter 
from Mr. Whitcombe is read stating that he stands engaged for Robert 
Parker in several large sums of money ; the matter is referred to the 
Bantam Committee to examine into. The amount due on the account 
of the late Thomas Read to be paid. The account of Walter Tapping to 
be reported. A list of goods, wanting in bales opened by the buyers in 
Leadenhall Warehouse, is sent to the Court, the allowance on these 
demanded by the buyers amounting to 157Z. 13s. ; the said goods 
came from the Bay of Bengal and order is given for Mr. Beyer to 
make out warrants to those named in the said list, the amount 
to be charged to those factors in the Bay who baled the said goods; 
and 9Z. 6s. 4^. due to Mr. Eaton for sallampores wanting in a bale 
returned in the Bombay in 1672 is to be charged to the account of 
Samuel Sambrooke. Alvora Perez de Tavora presents a petition, both 
in English and Portuguese, to the Court, which he has signed. In this 
he acknowledges the justice of the proceedings of the Governor and 
Council at Bombay against him for withdrawing from the island con*: 
trary to his duty and without leave from the Governor, and his refusal 
to obey the proclamation made and published for his return, also his 

H 


4372 



98 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

wrongful complaints against the Governor and Council and seeking re- 
dress where he ought not to have done. He humbly begs pardon of the 
Company for these his misdemeanours and submits himself to the Court 
beseeching to be restored to favour and to the estate which he then 
possessed on the island, promising that at his arrival in Bombay he will 
make similar acknowledgments to the Governor there established and 
in future obey this Company and their Governor in the island. The 
Court, willing to make it evident that the proceedings of the Governor 
and Council at Bombay have not been for any advantage that might 
arise to them by seizing the estate of the petitioner, or for any other 
sinister object, but for maintaining the Company's honour and upholding 
their government in the island, give order for a letter to be written and 
sent by the next ships to the Governor and Council at Bombay directing 
them to issue a pardon to Alvaro Perez on his appearing before them 
and acknowledging his misdemeanours and regret for all his delinquen- 
cies (as he has done to the Company) and for restoring the possession of 
all such lands and estates as formerly belonged to him, but have been 
sequestered and given to his mother. (2 pp.) 

Petition of Alvaro Perez de Tavora to the Company, October 
17, 1677 (Letter Book, vol. v, p. 483). 

Admitting that he did, contrary to his duty, withdraw himself from 
Bombay without leave from the Governor and refused to obey the pro- 
clamation for his return, by which he incurred the penalty of the law 
and sequestration of his estate on the island. That thereupon he made 
several addresses, to the French Admiral, the Viceroy of Goa, and a 
petition to the Prince of Portugal for relief although he knew that none 
of them had or have any jurisdiction in that island. He also made com- 
plaint to the King of Great Britain of the injustice and injury done him 
by the Governor and Council of Bombay, and was heard before the 
Lords Committees for Trade and Plantations. On their Lordships' 
report to the King, he was, by His Majesty's order, referred to be tried 
at Bombay. He is now sensible of all his misdoings and with great 
sorrow most humbly begs pardon from the Company for all his mis- 
demeanours, submits himself entirely and beseeches that out of their 
great clemency and bounty they will be pleased to consider his distressed 
condition, and the ruin of his family, and prays to be restored to the 
favour of the Company and to his estate, for the comfort and relief of 
h i m se l f and his family. He promises on arrival at Bombay to make a 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


99 

like acknowledgment to the Governor of his misdoings, and in future 
to behave as a true and faithful subject to the King of Great Britain, to 
submit and be entirely obedient to the Company and to the Governors 
by them established at Bombay, and ever own that he enjoys his estate 
by their favour. 

A Court of Committees, October 19, 1677 {Court Book, \nl. xxx, 
p. 366). 

Walter Tapping, writer at Tonquin, to be paid 3Z. gs. id. The Surat 
Committee report as to the quantity of goods and bullion necessary to 
be sent to Surat by the next year's ships (here follows a list of the same). 
They state that the goods ordered from Surat amount to 1,038 tons 
besides pepper, that the tonnage of the Sampson, President, and Uni- 
corn amounts to 1,500, which they conceive will be sufi&cient, and that 
these ships should cany half kentledge. Also that bullion to the value 
of seventy thousand pounds should be sent. The goods ordered to be 
bought include 362 tons of pepper, making in all 1,400 tons, calculated 
to cost 114,614/. 13s. 4 d . ; the goods and bullion together will amount 
to 123,460/. The Court approve and give order for the Treasury Com- 
mittee and the Committee for Buying Goods to make the required pro- 
vision of bullion and goods accordingly. The complaint of Francis 
Brerewood concerning certain peelongs is referred for examination. 
Factors and writers going to India to be notified to attend the Court 
next Wednesday. Some rotten calicoes returned in the Surat Merchant 
to be delivered to the owners of that ship. Edward Wale and William 
Smith, reported to be skilful in dyeing silk in black and colours, are 
entertained to serve in the Bay at 50/. a year each, half to be paid in 
India the other half in England. The account of Robert Llewellen to be 
reported. Captain Prowd, authorized by royal warrant, is to receive 
150 barrels of powder from the Tower, being a present for the Sultan of 
Bantam. George Gosfright to be permitted to ship in the Expectation 
free of freight pieces of eight to the value of 500/. he declaring they are 
for his own proper account. Robert Cooke is admitted to the freedom 
by redemption. It is resolved that, notwithstanding the Court's order of 
September 26 last, permission is to be given to factors and writers, 
owners of ships, ofl&cers and seamen of the Company's ships to bring 
from the Indies all sorts of flowered silks from China, Tonquin, Persia, 
and the Bay of Bengal, free of stated damages, but no peelongs of any 
sort, damasks or satins wrought or plain. (2 pp.) 



100 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

A Court of Committees, October 24, 1677 {Court Book, vol. xxx, 
p. 368). 

Robert Johnson receiving a good character for fidelity and diligence 
is entertained to be door-keeper or usher, in the room of Thomas Clay- 
ton, deceased, at an annual salary of 40Z. The sum of 5^. to be paid to 
the wife of John Cammel. The account of Henry Smith, factor at 
Bantam, to be reported. Thomas Goddard, a London merchant, is 
accepted as security in 250Z. (in the room of Henry Griffith) for Robert 
Parker. Two daughters of James Innes with a maid servant to be 
allowed to take passage in the Company's shipping for the Bay, the 
father paying the cost. A report touching the account of Henry Dwyne, 
lately deceased in the Bay, is read and order given for it to be further 
considered. Captain Bendall and the purser of the Johanna to be 
notified to attend the Court next Friday. Money due on the account of 
John Hallewell to be paid. The Shipping Committee to decide the terms 
on which the Falcon shall serve the Company in her next voyage to the 
Coast and Bantam, and whether she should carry out any iron kentledge. 
The Committee for Private Trade to make up the accounts of the Surat 
ships with respect to the over and under lengths of calicoes returned in 
them, as has been done the last two years. To avoid differences and dis- 
putes touching the weight of pepper laden at Bantam, the Agent and 
Council there have caused it to be published that the commanders and 
pursers should satisfy themselves of the justness of the weights used, by 
tiying them at the begmrdng of or during the ship's lading, by the brass 
standard, which, if they neglect to do no after complaint should be 
received. The Court think this is just and reasonable and order it to be 
done, also that every commander going to Bantam is to have a copy of 
this order given to him. (i| pp.) 

A Court of Committees, October 24, 1677 [afternoon] {IUcL,, 
P- 370). 

The son of Lord Castleton is elected to serve as a writer in India at an 
annual salary of xol. for five years, also Robert Goldsborough, son of the 
Clerk of the House of Commons, is elected on the like terms. Henry 
Oxenden is elected to serve as a writer for seven years at an annual salary 
of loZ. and to be sent to India by the next year's shipping, meanwhile 
he is to perfect himself in ' fair writing and arethmetique The following 
are also elected to serve as writers at Surat and on the Coast and Bay 
for seven years each at an annual salary of loZ. viz. : Henry Lambert, 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


lOI 


Henry Dinfervill, Nathaniel G^rSard, Edward Latham, John Blinkin- 
sop, Reuben White, Thomas Hill, Charles Cross, John Goddard, James 
Sowden, Peter Juryn, William Tolland, John Haines, Bryan Skinner, 
William Rivett, and James Butler. All to write their petitions over 
again before the Secretary to be by him presented to the Court. John 
Lambert and Richard Wisedome are elected to serve as writers at Ban- 
tam for seven years, each at an annual salary of loL John Marshall 
petitioning to be admitted to serve the Company, certain Committees 
are desired to ascertain his qualifications and report. The Court order 
that from henceforth aU writers to be entertained for the Indies shall be 
obliged by covenant to serve for seven years from the time of their 
arrival there, and that no further election is to be made of any person 
during the ensuing year. Permission to be granted to Captain Nathaniel 
Owen, commander of the Expectation, to export 500 pieces of eight, and 
to his purser to export 100 pieces of eight in the said ship free of freight. 
(iipp.) 

A Court of Committees, October 26, 1677 {Ibid., p. 371). 

The Committees for the Coast, Bay, and Surat factories to consider 
what freight shall in future be allowed for pepper and saltpetre brought 
from the said factories, and report. John Hall is admitted to the free- 
dom by redemption. The Court, learning from examination of the com- 
mander and purser of the Johanna that several parcells of diamonds have 
been secretly delivered from the Coast ships without payment of freight, 
order that for the future all commanders and pursers in the vessels for 
the Coast and Surat shall within one month after their return and 
arrival in the Thames deliver, according to their charterparty, to the 
Committee for Private Trade a perfect account of all and singular such 
goods, bullion, diamonds, and persons as during the whole voyage shall 
have been carried in the ships from any part or place whatsoever ; also 
to and from what ports or places, how consigned, under what mai'ks and 
numbers, excepting only such goods as are for their own proper account, 
or for the account of their officers and men ; the commanders and pur- 
sers of ships returned from the Coast and Surat this year on or before 
November 10 next to deliver to the said Committees upon oath a similar 
account of their last voyage, and, in particular that Captain Bendall and 
his purser produce their books and bills of lading this afternoon to the 
said Committees. The Committee for Private Trade to rfead the declara- 
tion which is signed by owners, commanders, and pursers for their 



102 


COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

entries of bullion for the Indies, and consider what alteration it is neces- 
sary to make in the same. It appearing that Ion Ken, assistant to the 
Cashier-General, consented to the purser of the Johanna delivering a 
parcel of diamonds to Samuel Sambrooke (who is greatly indebted to 
the Company) without receiving the due freight, according to the estab- 
lished rule, and so acted contrary to his trust ; order is given for his 
dismissal. The petition of Mary Pitman is referred for examination. 
Marie Knight, whose husband served the Company seven years as a 
waiter until his death, to be given five pounds, she being in great want, 
the Secretary to advance the same and be repaid from the Poor-box. 
(liPP-) 

Report to the King from the Lords Committees for Trade 
AND Plantations, October 25, 1677 {Home Miscellaneous, vol. xlii,. 

P* 347 )- 

In their last report to His Majesty of February 12 last, they set forth 
the many hardships his subjects the East India Company have sustained 
at Bombay in being forced by the Portuguese to pay certain arbitrary 
tolls and duties, contrary to all right, insomuch that Your Majesty 
thought fit to command them to refrain from submitting to such 
payments and resist doing so in the best maimer they could. Your 
Majesty also signified by letter to the Viceroy of Goa the motives for 
this conduct. Their Lordships think that the Prince of Portugal should 
be told by letter from Your Majesty of the grounds and progress of this 
matter as follows: that Your Majesty having given the said Company 
care and possession of the island and port of Bombay with all its terri- 
tories and dependencies, they have informed Your Majesty of the 
injuries they sustain from the neighbouring Portuguese, of which they 
have frequently complained to the Viceroy of Goa, yet no redress has 
been given to them, nor can it be hoped for. The particular grievance 
just now is an unjust demand made by the Governor of Bassein for 
certain tolls and taxes put upon Your Majesty's subjects as they trade 
and pass by boats in the open streams by the forts of Tannah and 
Karanja, on their way to the territories of the Great Mogul and Sivaji, 
with whom Your Majesty is friendly and the Portuguese at peace. If 
the Company continue thus burdened and perplexed in their trade the 
grant of Bombay wiU prove altogether fruitless to them. This cannot 
have been the intention of Portugal, neither can Your Majesty part 
easily with an advantage which is the more valuable as coming from the 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


103 


marriage with your dear consort the Queen. These tolls and impositions 
were never imposed in former times under the crown of Portugal, they 
are contrary to the treaty and their exaction is utterly disavowed in all 
like cases by the law of nations, so that Your Majesty has forbidden the 
Company to pay them in future and to resist any acts of compulsion in 
the best way they can. That Your Majesty has by the last ships given 
full intimation of this by letters to the Viceroy of Goa and signified your 
intention of informing his master the Prince of Portugal of it (as now 
you do), not doubting but that His Highness will be more inclined, upon 
hearing the nature of the complaint, to order restitution of what has 
been for so many years unjustly exacted than to countenance such a 
wrong. Therefore Your Majesty desires His Highness to give speedy 
orders to his Viceroy of Goa and to the Governor of Bassein to put a 
stop immediately to the levy and exaction of any tribute from the Com- 
pany in their trade and passage in the said streams, which is not only 
injurious in itself, but wounding to the right of Your Majesty's sove- 
reignty in that place. And that not only this and other complaints and 
difi&culties which have arisen, but even the memory of that grievous 
violation and the consequences committed about the non-surrender 
may be buried in oblivion. Your Majesty wishes that full and ample 
power may be sent by the Prince to his Ambassador Extraordinary re- 
siding in this Court for the better elucidation and clearing up article xi 
of the Treaty of Marriage, the only rule subsisting that can limit or 
enlarge Your Majesty's rights of possession and sovereignty in those 
parts. This being the only means to have a lasting foundation of friend- 
ship and good correspondence between the subjects of either crown in 
those parts, and to make Bombay of that importance to Your Majesty's 
kingdom as by its grant was doubtless intended. All which is most 
humbly submitted. Sigfied Finch, Anglesey, Essex, Craven, Ma 5 mard, 
Williamson, J. Ernie, R. Carr. Appended is His Majesty's approval of 
the report, and direction for Secretary Coventry to prepare a letter for 
His Majesty's signature and instruct Mr. Parry, His Majesty's Envoy in 
Portugal, to solicit the effects of the same. In this letter the word 
'elucidation' is to be omitted, lest the Portuguese Court should think 
they are to make a new treaty, whereas the article of the old one con- 
tains the King's rights but needs some explanation ; as also to exclude 
and extinguish certain abusive practices on the other side, which are not 
countenanced by the article but are rather contrary to it. Signed Phi ; 
LLoid. {2pp) 



104 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

The Company to Captain William Wildy, October 26, 1677 
(Letter Book, vol. v, p. 479). 

They have freighted his ship the Phoenix for a voyage to the Indies 
and direct him to get her to the Downs by the first opportunity. Here 
follow the same instructions as were given to Captain Zachary Browne on 
February ly, and a similar letter is sent to Captain Nathaniel Owen of the 
Expectation, (i^.) 

Warrant to the East India Company, October 30, 1677 (Public 
Record Office: S,P. Dorn,, Entry Book 44, p. 52). 

After reciting that of the 200 barrels of powder intended as a present 
to the Sultan of Bantam, they had used but 150, judging the same a 
sufficient return to the present received by the Kiug from him, for 
returning the remaining 50 to such persons as shall be appointed by the 
Master-General of the Ordnance to receive them. 

A Court of Committees, October 31, 1677 {Court Book, vol. xxx, 
P- 373 )- 

By an order of the Court of June 2, 1671, the fine of 5Z. was remitted 
to all whose adventures did not exceed 100/., but on their increasing 
that sum the said fine was to be charged, it is now ordered that all 
possessing adventures amounting to looZ. only shall not be admitted to 
the freedom of the Company untfi they increase their adventures, or pay 
the fine of 5/. Damaged cossaes bought by Mr. Lloyd to be examined. 
The sum of 16Z.7s.9rf. due on the account of Robert Llewellen to be paid. 
A report touching some peelongs bought by Francis Brerewood is read 
and approved. Another report also touching some peelongs bought by 
Mr. Ongly is read and referred. Money due to the account of the late 
Henry Dwyne to be paid, Sambrooke to be summoned to attend the 
Court next Wednesday. Sir Matthew Andrews offering the Surat Mer- 
chant for further service, he is told that she shall be entertained at the 
first opportunity provided she is fit. Henry Palmer of Olton in War- 
wickshire and George Palmer of Clements Inn are accepted as security 
in 500Z. for James Palmer. The account of the late Ambrose Salisbury 
to be reported. Mr. Lucas of Falmouth to be given 40s. for his care in 
conveying the Company’s packets and his furtherance of their service. 
On petition, John Robinson, who was helpful to the Company’s officers 
and factors during their imprisonment at Bantam, is to be allowed 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 105 

to take passage as a sailor in one of the Company’s ships going to 
that place. The petition of Ion Ken is referred until Friday next. 
(lipp.) 

A Court of Committees, November i, 1677 {Ibid., p. 375). 

It being reported that Henry Smith, late a factor at Bantam, is in- 
debted to the Company to the amount of 157/. 3s. 7^., order is given for 
the bond given by his securities to be cancelled upon payment of the 
said sum into the treasury, and for advice to be sent in the next letter to 
the Governor and Council at Bombay that Smith is not to be entrusted 
with any more of the Company's affairs. The Bantam Committee to 
direct the Auditor to draw up a charge against William G3dfard con- 
cerning the demands of the Company from him and present it to the 
Court with all convenient speed. The account of Mr. Thomlinson is 
referred to the Lawsuits Committee to determine. Sir Henry Dacres to 
be notified by a letter from the Secretary that the Court desire an 
answer to the charge delivered to him on October 3 last. A letter from 
Sir Robert Southwell to Sir Nathaniel Heme is read, also an order of 
Council touching the duties exacted from the inhabitants of Bombay by 
the Portuguese at Tannah and Karanja, both are referred to the Surat 
Committee who are to wait on Secretary Coventry about a letter to be 
written to the Prince of Portugal, mentioned in the said order, and pro- 
ceed in this affair as they shall think fit. (| p.) 

A Court of Committees, November 2, 1677 {Ibid., p. 376). 

A representation is read from William Gyffard, late Chief at Tonquin, 
and order given for it to be referred to the Bantam Co mm i t tee who are 
to direct tiie Auditor to examine what demands the Company have 
against Gyffard, draw up a written account of them and present to the 
Court with all convenient speed. Money deposited with the Cashier by 
the owners of the last ships from Bantam as part of their freight, on 
account of some white pepper secretly taken ashore from some of the 
said vessels, to be returned to the said owners by the Cashier. The 
account of John Naylor, silk-dyer in the Bay, to be reported. A petition 
from Ion Ken is read in which he acknowledges the justness of the 
Court's displeasure and states that he has paid into the treasury 
57Z. 12s. which he is informed is the value of the diamonds he delivered 
to Sambrooke, begs pardon of the Court for his offence, and prays to 
be readmitted into their service; after consideration, and upon Ken 



io6 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

promising greater diligence and circumspection in discharge of his duties 
in the future, the Court consent to restore him to his former employ- 
ment. The Treasury Committee to ascertain whether Anthony Earning 
paid freight for 4,000 dollars last year. Having received a satisfactory 
character of Mr. Evans the Court elect him to be Chaplain in the Bay at 
an annual salary of 50Z. with an annual gratuity of the same amount if 
he stiall be found deserving, payment to begin from the time of his 
embarking at Gravesend, he is also to be given 20/. to provide himself for 
the voyage. The Coast and Bay Committee to find some able person to 
be employed as schoolmaster at Fort St. George to teach both English 
and native boys and instruct them in the principles of the Protestant 
religion, to speak with Mr. Warner on the subject and state what salary 
they think should be allowed, and report. The owners of the Lancaster 
to be paid 995Z. 3s. 4^. in full of her freight. A report from the Com- 
mittee for the Coast and Bay is read and the first article, viz., that the 
factory of Masulipatam be continued for the ensuing year, is agreed to. 

A Court of Committees, November 7, 1677 {Court Book, vol. xxx, 
P- 378)- 

Captain Francis WUshaw proposes to build a new three-decker for the 
Company's service, but is told there are already so many ships built that 
there is not emplojTment for them all, besides orders have been given for 
three more vessels to be built, all three-deckers, so that in all probability 
there will be no opportunity of employing any more for several years, 
nevertheless if the captain and his friends think fit to build a three- 
decker of 500 tons, as proposed, she shall be entertained as opportunity 
offers before any other not in the Company's service or any other built 
after this time, provided a commander, experienced in navigation and 
approved by the Court, is appointed ; if employed the ship shall be given 
the usual encouragement for the first voyage, as is given to other ships 
of the same burden. The Court on information that commanders and 
ofi&cers in the Company's ships have lately taken many apprentices to 
sea with them, also others who are not sailors, so lessening the number 
of serviceable men and endangering their ships and the property of the 
Company, this matter is referred to the Shipping Committee who are to 
take it into serious consideration and prepare rules as to the number of 
youths to be carried out by the captains and officers of each vessel, their 
sufficient manning, and for an exact survey to be taken of each ship's 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


107 

complement, the name and age of each mariner, before sailing from 
Gravesend, and report all this to the Court. The demands of Francis 
Brerewood are referred to the Lawsuits Conunittee. A report from the 
Bantam Committee touching the amount of bullion and goods to be sent 
to that place is read and approved. A report concerning the account of 
Henry Smith, late factor at Bantam, is read, showing that 157/. 3s. yd. 
is due to the Company, but Ralph Smith, father to Henry, and his 
security, moves for some abatement, and the Court order that iooZ..be 
accepted in full of what is owing. The report touching some cossaes 
bought by Mr. Lloyd is read and approved. A paper presented by 
Samuel Sambrooke is read and referred to the Committee for Accoimts, 
with the account of Robert Masters, for examination, the said Com- 
mittee to do what they can for the speedy recovery of the money due 
from Sambrooke or any others who have unduly become possessed of 
the Company's goods, bring all to an issue and report. The Lawsuits 
Committee, with the help of Moses, to consider what alteration is fit to 
be made in the indentures of covenants signed by factors and writers. 
Another report touching peelongs bought by Mr. Ongley is read, {zpp-) 

A Court of Committees, November 7, 1677 [afternoon] {Ibid., 
p. 381). 

The Earl of Craven and Sii* WilKam Craven are accepted as security 
in 500Z. for Edward Latham, writer. The Committee for Private Trade 
to give directions for the packing of all wines permitted to be sent to 
India so that the Husband may be satisfied in giving his certificate for 
their shipment. A report is read touching the Falcon, designed for the 
Coast and thence to Bantam, and it is resolved that she being 380 tons 
burden shall carry her fufl complement of men, which is 76, and 30 
guns, with provisions accordingly for a sixteen months' voyage, at yl. 
per ton freight for gruff goods and 20Z. per ton for fine goods, no goods 
to be carried between decks and to take in half kentledge at the Fort in 
marble tombstones for which the owners are to be allowed $ 1 . 13s. 4/Z. 
per ton in case there is no saltpetre to be had. There being some dispute 
about the money claimed by the Lady Duteel and a suit in Chancery 
concerning it, no further interest is to be paid until the said suit is 
determined. Moses is directed to wait on the Attomey-Cxeneral and 
desire his opinion with regard to the clause in the Company's charter 
relating to the trial of criminal causes by the Governor, Agents, and 
Chiefs in India. Marie Barker, widow of the late commander of the 



io8 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

Bantam Pink who died in the Company’s semce, to be given 5/. to pay 
her servant’s wages, he having been cook in the Bantam Pink ; and xol. 
for her relief she being in great poverty. Fifteen soldiers to be enter- 
tained to serve the Company at the Fort, and fifty for Bombay, also 
twenty-five young unmarried women to be permitted to take passage 
for India free of charge, they to be ‘ of meane condition and good fame, 
fitt to make wives for the soldiers there’, five to be sent to the Fort, the 
rest to Bombay, the Shipping Committee to see that the women bring 
good certificates of their behaviour, or else they are not to be allowed 
to go. (if#.) 

The Company to Captain William Wildy, November 7, 1677 
{Letter Book, voL v, p. 480). 

They are sorry that notwithstanding their endeavours for his dis- 
patch he stayed so long and so lost the last easterly winds, this will 
doubtless be very preju^cial to the Company of which they wiU say no 
more, but only desire him to ply his voyage at the first opporturuty. 
They hear that the Turks have seized several English merchant ships 
and the King’s frigates taken some of their men-of-war, so they can only 
expect an open breach, and, being informed that many of them are in 
the Straits they direct Wildy to put his ship in a good posture of defence 
before leaving the Downs, consult with Owen how best to keep together 
and defend each other in case of an attack, sail together as far as St. 
lago and there keep to the windward of the road lest there should be any 
men-of-war near that diore which they may not discover at their first 
landing. A letter of the same tenor is sent to Captain Owen. (J p^ 

A Court of Committees, November 9, 1677 {(Court Book, vol. xxx, 
P- 383)- 

On consideration of a report made on some peelongs bought by Mr. 
Ongley some of which he affirms to be rotten and spotted and others 
ngt peelongs, order is given for an allowance of 6^% discount to be made 
to him on those not yet cleared. It is resolved that Basil Heme shall 
appear on the Company's behalf in the action begun by Francis Brere- 
wood, and the Lawsuits Committee are desired to advise with Moses as 
to what is fit to be done. The owners of the Surat Merchant to be paid 
i,oooZ. in further part of her freight. Money due to the account of 
William Uvedale to be paid, and the account of John Clarke, late car- 
penter at Bantam, to be examined and reported. Keepers of the Calico 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


109 

warehouses are directed to see that goods sold at the candle are not to 
be delivered to any person except the buyers or their immediate assigns 
authorized to receive them, that no goods are sent to the houses of the 
buyers, and no porters employed by the Company allowed to tell over 
any goods after delivery from the warehouses. Messrs. Child, Jollife, 
and Rudge to be added to the Accounts Committee for examination of 
Sambrooke’s business. Sir Thomas Allen, Bart., and Alderman and his 
eldest son Thomas are accepted in $ooL as security for Benjamin Allen, 
writer. A good character having been received of John Marshall he is 
elected to serve as a writer at Bantam for seven years at an annual 
salary of lol. ; and certain Committees are desired to inquire as to the 
good ‘demeanour and behaviour* of the following men who stand for 
election, viz., John Blinkinsop, William Jolland, John Haines, and 
James Butler. (2 pp.) 

A Court of Committees, November 14, 1677 {Ibid., p. 385). 

The following securities are accepted: William Goldsbrough and John 
Carpenter, both of London, in 500L for Robert Goldsbrough, writer, 
and Rowland Hill, merchant, and Rowland Hill of the Iimer Temple in 
500Z. for Thomas Hill, writer. The owners of the Berkeley Castle present- 
ing William Talbot as commander in her present voyage to Bantam, and 
the Court, receiving a satisfactory account of his knowledge of naviga- 
tion and of his sober carriage, approve. The account of the late William 
Bagnold to be stated, what will he made either here or in India, and 
who is legally entitled to the money which appears to be due to him, to 
be ascertained and reported. Sir John Banks reporting that the Royal 
African Company are credibly informed that the Greyhound and Coroner 
are bound to Madagascar to carry negroes from thence to the Planta- 
tions, the Surat and Coast and Bay Committees are desired to consider 
what is necessary to be done, and report. Captain Staimard, com- 
mander of the Nathaniel, states that two pounds upon each draught was 
taken off pepper he received in India bare weight ; hereupon order is 
given for the account of the said pepper to be made up without any- 
thing being taken off each draught. A report from the Coast and Bay 
Committee is referred until next Friday, (i p.) 

The Company to Captains Wildy and Owen, November 14, 1677 
{Letter Book, vol. v, p. 481). 

Acknowledge receipt of their several letters. Have considered what 



no 


COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

they write about a convoy and find it will be difficult to get an order for 
the Nonesuch Frigate to go out of her course to the Canaries, as she is 
already late, and one small vessel would not be of much use to go with 
them out of the Channel where they may probably have company, the 
danger will be at a greater distance, therefore they renew their orders to 
them to steer to the westward of the Madeiras, which course they think 
wiU be more secure than to rely on a convoy that may outsail them or 
that they may lose in a storm. Direct them to keep company with any 
ships of force that may leave the Downs when they do, and wish them 
fair winds and a prosperous voyage. (J j>.) 

A Court of Committees, November i6, 1677 {Court Book, vol. xxx, 
p. 386). 

The Surat Committee to consider the petition of John Taylor, now 
read, concerning his brother Randolph, late a factor in the Company's 
service, and report their opinion as to what should be done. A report 
for settling the factory at Masulipatam is considered and the following 
tesolutions are made viz., that Matthew Manwaring be Chief; Chris- 
topher Hatton, Second of Coimcil at Masulipatam, and Chief of Mada- 
poUam where he is to live unless necessary occasions call him away ; that 
George Chambrelan be dismissed and sent to England or if he wishes he 
is to be permitted to stay at the Fort for twelve months to recover his 
debts ; Jacob Smith, now a factor at the Fort, to be removed to Masuli- 
patam and be Third in Council there. John Tivil to be Fourth in Council 
at Masulipatam. Maurice Wymi to be appointed Second at Madapol- 
lam, the rest of the factors and writers at Masulipatam to keep the same 
stations and degrees as they had when Streynsham Masters was there. 
Joseph Arnold to be removed from his present station, but his salary 
continued and he to be employed as the Agent and Council shall think 
most for the Company's service. Joseph HaU and John Smith, factors 
in the Bay, to be dismissed and their salaries to cease at the arrival of 
these ships, they to be sent to England unless they desire to stay to 
recover their debts, in which case they are to go to the Fort where they 
may remain twelve months ; this course to be taken with all those of the 
Company's factors and servants who are or shall hereafter be found 
unfaithful to the trust reposed in them. The Agent and Council to state 
the accounts depending between the Company and W illiam Jerzie and 
endeavour to adjust and send them to England by the first opportunity. 
Richard Mohun having made an humble acknowledgment of his mis- 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


III 


carriages and desiring the Company's pardon, promising all fidelity for 
the future, and having paid his debt, he is readmitted into the Com- 
pany's service and told that some employment shall be given him at a 
salary of lOoL per annum to begin from the arrival of this year's ships. 
The Shipping Committee to see that six or ten young seamen be pro- 
vided and sent to the Bay by the ships now going there, to be enter- 
tained for five or seven years and employed in the vessels on the Ganges. 

A Court of Committees, November 19, 1677 {Ibid., p. 389). 

The Court, after consideration of several clauses in the general letter 
from Fort St. George, desire Mr. Papillon and Jeremy Sambrooke to 
consider the particulars following, viz.. What proceedings have been 
taken about the 9,000 pathoes [sic. pagodas] claimed by Verona [Kasi 
Viranna] from the Company. What reparations are necessary to the 
fortifications at Fort St. George, what materials and timber should be 
sent, also what arms, armour, ammunition, etc. ; to speak with Captain 
Slade touching all this, and, after serious debate, report what in their 
opinion should be done. They are also desired to read the letter and 
petition of John Field, late a factor at Masulipatam, and report their 
opinion of these. An addition of 10/. per annum is ordered to be made 
to the salary of whosoever shall officiate in the Secretary's place at the 
Fort, from the arrival of the ships. The Coast and Bay Committee to 
consider the proposals made by Streynsham Masters as to the time which 
apprentices, writers, and factors may be obliged to serve before they are 
admitted to any higher degree ; also his proposals concerning the settling 
of the Councils within the Agency of the Fort, and report their opinion 
to the Court. The fines on prohibited goods brought home this year as 
private trade are remitted on several commodities, (ij pp,) 

A Court of Committees, November 20, 1677 {Ibid., p. 390). 

The Court, after considering a clause in the general letter from the 
Fort about Christopher Hatton, who has served the Company as a 
factor at Masulipatam since 1672 without any settled salary, order that 
he shall be allowed for the first three years at the rate of 35Z. per annum 
and for the succeeding term 40^. per annum. The Committee for the 
Calico warehouse to consider what quantity of cloth and silk should be 
written for from Malda of which musters have been sent to England, 
procure samples from buyers of these at the last sale, and report ; they 



112 


COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

are also to procure patterns in ruled paper for directing the weavers in 
the Bay in making 'branched velvets', these to be sent by this year's 
ships. Two large beams and scales for weighing bullion, and four beams 
and scales for weighing goods to be provided for the Bay. Order is given 
for the salary of 70Z. allowed to the Chief in the Bay to be increased to 
100/. per annum, to begin from the time of Masters's arrival at Balasore. 
The complaint of Mr. Reade that Mr. Marshall has been preferred in 
emplo5niient before him, also the allowance made to four of the Council 
in the Bay for their diet, are referred to the consideration of the Coast 
and Bay Committee, (f p,) 

Letter from Charles II to the Prince Regent of Portugal, 
November 20, 1677 {Home Miscellaneous, vol. xlii, p. 350).^ 

Carolus Secundus Dei gratia magnae Brittanniae, Franciae et Hiber- 
niae Rex, Fidei Defensor, etc. Serenissimo Principi Domino Petro 
eadem gratia Principi Portugalliae et Algarbierum citra et ultra Mare in 
Africa, Guineae atque atquisitionum Navigationis et Commercii Aethio- 
piae, Arabiae, Persiae, et Indiae, etc., Regenti et Gubematori supra 
memoratorum Regnorum et Ditionum Fratri Consanguiueo et Amico 
Nostro Charissimo, Salutem. Serenissime Princeps, Frater, Con- 
sanguinee et Amice Charissime, Insulam de Bombaim (xma cuiii omnibus 
ejus territorijs et dependentiis) Nobis Tractatu Matrimoniali concessam, 
non melius utiliusve admioistrari posse credidimus, quam si in curam et 
possessionem Subditorum Nostrorum, qui Societatis Indiarum Orienta- 
lium nomine indigitantur, transferretur, quod idcirco jamdudum feci- 
mus. Ex quo tempore dicta Societas diversas injurias sibi a vicinis 
Lusitanis illatas humiliter Nobis exposuit, quas eo graviores sentiunt 
Subditi Nostri, quia Prorex Goae cui querimonias suas hac de re subinde 
decenter obtulerunt, neque remedium hue usque attulit, nec spem 
saltern remedii querentibus ostendit : Gravamen de quo nunc speciatim 
dicendum est in eo consistit. Quod mandate praefecti civitatis de 
Bassaim tributa quaedam pro libitu imposita a Subditis Nostris inique 
postulantur, dum Mercaturae Causa juxta Artes Tannah et Carinjah 
dictas in aperto freto transeimt versus Dominia Magni Mogoh et 
Savagee qui nobis amici sunt nec Cels.“^ V®^rae hostes habentur. Si 
autem Subditi Nostri istius modi oneribus iUicitis obnoxij, et in Com- 
merdo suo ita perturbati fuerint, concessio Jnsulae de Bombaim cum 
pertinentijs Nobis plane inutilis reddetur, quod ut nemo concipiet 
^ See also P . R . O ,: C , 0 ,, vol. f. 280. 



EAST INDIA COxMPANY 


113 

Lusitanis in animo et voluntate fuisse, quando earn Nobis cedendam 
pepigenint, ita neque Nos beneficium inde profectunim facile Nobis 
abripi patiemur, cum illud tanto majori in pretio habeamus, quoniam 
una cum Charissima Conjuge Nostra Regina Nobis accesserit. Hanc 
vero oppressionem eo minus ferendam esse censemus quod istius modi 
Tributa nunquam Superioribus annis k corona Lusitaniae ibidem im- 
posita fuerint quodque Tractatui prorsus contraria sint, et eorum 
exactionem in omnibus id genus casibus Jura Gentium semper impro- 
baverint. Unde Nobis visum est Subditis Nostris mandare ne postulatis 
tarn Arbitrarijs et Iniquis se in posterum submittant, quin si vis 
inferatur meliori quo poterunt modo resistant. Per ultimas Naves qua 
hinc Orientem versus discesserunt Proregem Goae harum rerum plene 
monuimus illi insuper significantes Nos Cels.*^®*" earundem certio- 
rem facere velle, sicut per praesentes facimus, ne utiquam dubitantes 
quin Ipsa natura rei audita et perpensa aequius censebit, ut Tributorum 
quae tot annis inj uste exiguntur restitutio fiat, quam si talis injuria porro 
continuetur. Ipsam igitur peramice rogamus sua propediem mandata 
turn Proregi Goae turn Prafecto Civitatis Bassaim expedire, ut protinus 
desistant ab ulteriori vel postulatione vel Exactione ullius Tributi 
a dictis Subditis Nostris pro eorum transitu in praedictis fretis et aquis 
cum non solum in se sit injustum, sed etiam jus Nostrum quo Portum 
de Bombaim suprema potestate obtinemus, violet, vulneretque. Ingrata 
quidem Nobis est Contumeliae illius memoria quod praedicta Insula de 
Bombaim non primo secundum pacta Nobis tradita fuerit, ideoque ut 
iUe procedendi modus et incommoda inde secuta perpetua Oblivione 
penitus obtegantur, nihil aptius efl&caciusve censemus quam ut Cels.*^® 
Legato suo apud Nos residenti plenam et amplam potestatem hue 
transmittat quo cum Deputatis Nostris sermone habito Undecimum 
praedicti Tractatus MatrimoniaJis Articulum melius explanet, et ab 
Omni dubia interpretatione liberet, cum Articulus ille sola atque unica 
Regula sit hucusque facta per quam jura Nostra turn possessionis, turn 
Regalitatis m illig lods debitos Limites sortiantur; atque hoc solum 
modo commodissime fieri posse existimamus ut durabile fundamentum 
benevolae Communionis et bonae Intelligentiae inter utriusque Coronae 
Subditos illic degentes stabiliatur, ut etiam iteratae querelae quas 
gravatim audimus ab auribus Nostris prorsus amoveantur. Interea 
Cels."®“ v.*“ Dei Opt. Max. tutdae ex animo commendamus. Dab. 
in Palatio Nostro de Whitehall 20™ die Novembris 1677, Cels.“^ 
W*® Bonus Frater, Consanguineus, et Amicus. Carolus R. (ij pp.) 

4372 I 



114 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

A Court of Committees, November 21, 1677 (Court Book, vol. xxx, 
P* 39 ^)- 

Two black servants, one belonging to Sir Edward Winter, the other 
to Matthias Vincent, to be permitted to take passage in the Coast ship- 
ping for India, their masters paying the cost. At the request of Francis 
Brerewood he is allowed to have certain flowered peelongs. Permission 
is granted to the Secretary to send in this year's shipping five or six 
hundred pounds. A report is read concerning the boatswain in the 
' Lancaster striking Wade, one of the Company's waiters in the Falcon, 
but Welch the boatswain asking pardon of Wade and expressing his 
sorrow for the act, and in consideration of the desires of the owners of 
the Lancaster and of Captain Goodlad, Welch is to be continued in his 
employment. The following securities are approved: — ^Dr. John King 
and Stephen Huffam in 500^. (additional security) for James King, 
factor. Thomas Marshall, scrivener, and Richard Smith, citizen and 
grocer, in 500^. for John Marshall, writer. Thomas Cross of Beaconsfield 
and Thomas Cross, Junior, in 500Z, for Charles Cross. Dame Anne 
Dawes, widow, and Mr. Bowyer, widower, in 500/. for Robert Bowyer, 
writer. Thomas Bhnkinsop and Henry King, haberdashers, in 500Z. 
for John Blinkinsop. William Gyffard and Oweii Buckingham, 
salter, in 500/. for Nathaniel Gyffard. Daniel Skinner and Thomas 
Andrews, merchants, in 500Z. for Obrian Skinner, writer. Sir John 
Robinson (additional security) in 500?. for George Robinson, factor. 
(iim 

The Company to Messrs. Ball and Gosfright, November 22, 1677 
(Letter Book, vol. v, p. 481). 

Acknowledge their several letters advising the dispatch of drafts of 
bills of exchange, these shall be accepted when presented. They hoped 
the coral would have been dispatched before 'this breach with the 
Turks' happened, but now do not think it should be sent without a 
convoy, so direct them to lade it aboard the best ships that offer for 
England, and agree with the commanders not to leave without a good 
convoy. (\p-) 

A Court of Committees, November 23, 1677 (Court Book, vol. xxx, 
P* 392)- 

The following securities are approved: William Allmgton and Sarah 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


115 

Jolland of Ipswich, widow, in 500/. for William JoUand, wiiter, and 
Richard Wisdom of Aylesbury and Michael Wright, salesman, in 500L 
for Richard Wisdom, Junior, writer. The collector of His Majesty's 
customs in Falmouth to be employed by the Company as their corre- 
spondent in affairs necessary to be transacted at that port. Money due 
to the seamen in the Return to be paid to them or to their lawful 
attorneys. John Pattison, formerly employed to go errands, clean the 
oflBices and act as porter at the street gate at a salary of 6s. a week, 
humbly prays that, as the said w^ork takes up his whole time from six in 
the morning till nine at night, he may have an increase of wages ; here- 
upon order is given for him to be paid los. w^eekly. Money due to the 
account of John Clarke to be paid. Settlement to be made with Mr. 
Brerewood about his peelongs. Stephen Huffam, a London merchant, 
is accepted as a security for James King, factor at Surat, in the place of 
Gerard Weyman's formerly accepted. Canvas to be provided for making 
600 bags to be sent to Bantam for bringmg back white and black pepper. 
AU goods received from Bengal and the South Sea factories to be sold at 
the candle to be opened and told over in the warehouse before they are 
delivered to the buyers. The account of William Bowtel for printing to 
be reported. Petitions from Friswith Field, Elizabeth West, and Su- 
sannah Ashfield are referred for examination and report. The complaint 
of Mr. Wyihers touching some sovaguzzees he states to be damaged to 
be examined. Messrs. Throgood and Crisp complaining of the want of 
some piece-goods in bales they bought, the matter is referred to the 
Surat Warehouse Committee to examine, they are also desired to report 
what additional clause should be inserted in contracts in future to 
prevent claims of this nature. The qualifications of Mr. Ord, who is 
nominated as schoolmaster for Fort St. George, to be ascertained. The 
draft of a letter to the Governor and Council at Bombay touching a 
pardon to be given to Don Alvaro Perez is read, and referred to the 
Surat Committee to confer with Sir Robert Southwell about the particu- 
lars following: viz., whether the words touching his delinquencies and 
the mean profits axe not too general. Whether the said letter may not 
be delivered to him sealed, with a copy for his particular government. 
Messrs. Papillon and Sambrooke to consider the danse which Messrs. 
Proby and Toriano desire may be inserted in the Company's general 
letter concerning John Thomas, and report what they think should be 
written about it. The following men are appointed writers at the Coast 
and Bay, viz., Robert Sheimer, James Sowden, Charles Cross, Nathaniel 



ii6 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

Gyfford, William Rivett, Thomas Hill, John Haynes, Robert Bowyear 
and William JoUand. (if pp.) 

A Court of Committees, November 23, 1677 [afternoon] { Co^irt 
Book, voi. XXX, p. 394). 

The Auditor to compare the allowances made to Jacob Smith whilst 
he ofadated in the Choultry at Madras with what was formerly allowed 
to others in that place, and report. A report touching the demands of 
Cassa Verona, etc. is read and approved, it is to the following effect, 
viz., touching the 9,000 pagodas claimed by Verona a report was made 
in January, 1674-5, and a letter written to the Agent and Council at the 
Fort four days later, a copy of which letter it is thought should be sent 
to the Fort in answer to what they have written concerning the matter. 
That for the better preservation of Madras from the violence of the sea, 
ships outward-bound may be required when they stay at Johanna to 
take in as many great stones as they conveniently can to be put out at 
Madras and used to help withstand this violence. That for encourage- 
ment of the English and for defence of Madras there may be sent there, 
over and above what is already ordered, 20 corselets, 20 horse-arms, 
20 pairs of pistols, 50 daggers and 100 rapier blades of the longest and 
best sort. That John Field be reinstated into the Company's service, 
and because of his long service, capacity and ability, given such em- 
ployment as 'is found agreeable to the constitutions'. That to prevent 
disputes about the rank of those now in the Company's service at the 
Fort, Masulipatam, and the Bay, all under the degree of senior mer- 
chants be confirmed in the rank appearing in the list returned this year, 
and to avoid the inconveniency of writers rising to the degree of mer- 
chants before those sent from England as factors, the latter shall in 
future be admitted to the degree of merchants after three years' service 
in India, It is resolved to consider the settlement of the Councils in the 
factories at the Coast and Bay on December 4 next, when the resolutions 
concerning the settlement of factors at Masulipatam are also to be re- 
considered. Four writers elected for Bantam in August last, viz., 
Ambrose Moodey, William Slater, Anthony Bateman, and Thomas 
Hellowes are to take passage in the first ships bound for that place. 

{^IPP) 

A Court of Committees, November 28, 1677 {Ihid., p. 395). 

A settlement is arrived at with William Mainston by which the 
Court agree to pay him 500Z. in full of all demands, a general release to 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


117 

be drawn up by Moses and sealed by both parties. At the request of 
Nathaniel Letton, the Accountant-General is desired to give him a copy 
of the transfer of 1,000/. principal money made by Mr. Kendal to Lord 
George Berkeley. Order is given for several drugs and materials named 
in a list now read to be sent to the Coast and Bay. William Weakeley, 
grocer, and Edward Sherman, joiner, are accepted as security in 500Z. 
for Robert Sherman, writer. Littleton, who is entered as a mate in the 
Nathayiiel, to be suspended, and order is given that he is not to be 
employed in the Company's service by any commander. Pa3mient to 
be made to the owmers of the Phoenix and Expectation for transportation 
of passengers. Order is given for all warehousekeepers to tell over all 
goods, brought from Bengal and the South Sea factories, to the buyers 
upon delivery, and inform them that if goods are taken away unopened, 
no allowance will be made in case of shortness or damage or any other 
pretence. {i\pp-) 

A Court of Committees, November 30, 1677 {Ibid., p. 397). 

The Lawsuits and Debts Committee present a report of several 
additions proposed for insertion in the indentures of factors and writers, 
and in the conditions of bonds to be given by their securities ; these are 
read, together with a report touching the penalties of the bonds to be 
given by the President, Agents, Chiefs, factors, and writers for per- 
formance of their covenants ; all these the Court approve and order that 
the President, Agents, Chiefs, and Councils be required when writers 
shall seal new covenants and bonds upon coming of age to register these 
in their original consultation books and have witnesses to testify that 
these agree with the originals, and send to the Company by the first 
ships the said indentures of covenants and bonds. A report from the 
Shipping Committee is read touching the number of apprentices to be 
taken out by the commanders and officers of ships in the Company's 
service ; it is to the following effect, viz.. That no more than eight boys 
of sixteen years of age and not under, shall be carried in each three- 
decked vessel as apprentices or otherwise, three for the commander, 
and one each for the chief mate, the gunner, the boatswain, carpenter, 
and chirurgeon. Not more than six boys of sixteen years, not under, 
shall be carried in each two-decker, two for the commander, and one 
each for the chief mate, gunner, boatswain, and carpenter. That a 
particular list be taken by the surveyors and waiters of all the seamen, 
young men and boys in the Company's ships and of their ages, which list 



Ii8 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

is to be delivered to the Shipping Committee at clearing the ships from 
Gravesend. Captain Prowd to read these lists, muster the ships' com- 
panies, and return the lists to Mr. Lodge in the Downs, who is to muster 
the ships' companies again there and sign the lists, together with the 
waiters on board each vessel, return them to Thomas Lewes, who is to 
give them to the Shipping Committee. All commanders to see that the 
apprentices they take be well instructed in the mariner's art during the 
time of the voyage, no one to be entertained under the notion of pur- 
ser's mates or any other pretence, but only those who are to serve as 
sailors, and that under no pretence whatever shall any more boys be 
taken out by the commanders or others. Captain Prowd to see that the 
first and second mates of all ships are able mariners and experienced in 
navigation, none to be entertained under the age of twenty-four. Mr. 
Ongley's complaint concerning damaged tapseiles is referred for ex- 
amination. The sum of 41^. is. to be paid to William Bowtel the printer, 
and the bill of Richardson for printing to be examined. Basil Herne to 
appear for the Company in the action taken against them by Messrs. 
Throgood and Brerewood. Pepper to be delivered to Christopher 
ThomHnson on his paying for the same. The brick-layers bill to be 
examined. Wale, a siUc-dyer, entertained to serve in the Bay, to be 
allowed 5I. for fresh provisions and given a quarter's salary when he has 
sealed his covenants and given his security. A memorial from Mr. 
Walker touching part of Mr. Griffith's salary to be paid to his mother, 
to be considered. The Committee for Private Trade to cause the freight 
due to the Company on bullion, diamonds, and fine goods, taken out and 
returned in the E<^le and Johanna in their last voyage, to be paid by the 
commanders into the Company's cash, and stop the passing of the said 
ships' account until this is done. They are also to direct that no part of 
the freight for bullion or fine goods taken out or returned in the said 
ships this last voyage is to be allowed to the agents, or commanders (as 
has been usual) until further order. The Committee are also to consider 
what can be done to prevent the like fraudulent practices in future and 
report to the Court. (2 pp,) 

T. B[arnes] to , November 30, 1677 {Public Record Office: S.P. 

Dorn., Car. II. 397, no. 8). 

. . . There was some discourse about 30,000^. to be raised from the 
East India Company and others, towards the marriage of the Lady 
M[ary] and 'twas discoursed variously. . . . 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


119 

Secretary Co\^ntry to Francis Parry at Lisbon, December i, 
1677 (Puhlic Record Office: C.O. 77, vol. xiii, f. 284).* 

The Company have made many complaints to His Majesty of injuries 
received from the Portuguese at or near Bombay, particularly their 
demand and exaction of arbitrary tolls and duties from the King’s 
subjects for passage in ' the open streames contrary to all right, as well 
as to our treaties with the Crown of Portugal. His Majesty has written 
at large to the Prince Regent on the subject, which letter is herewith 
sent to you (together with a copy) for your better information in the 
case. On receiving the letter you are to ask for an audience with the 
Prince, deliver it to him, and solicit then, and from time to time after- 
wards by 'memorialls and other diligencies’ some ‘effects’, as it is a 
matter which His Majesty takes very much to heart. You are also to 
give an account of your success, and of any orders sent or to be sent to 
the Viceroy of Goa and the Governor of Bassein, if these can be ob- 
tained. 

A Court of Committees, December 4, 1677 (Court Book, vol. xxx, 
P- 399 )- 

The Treasury Committee to take up at 5 per cent interest, of adven- 
turers and known buyers upon account at the next sale, 20,oooZ. to be 
repaid on March 25 next, and directions to be inserted in the Company’s 
bill that the money so lent is not to be continued at interest after that 
date. A list of several sorts and quantities of goods to be provided at 
Dacca and Malda is read, and order given for the Chief and Council at 
the Bay to give directions for these to be provided there. The Court also 
order that the Agent and Council at the Fort be written to and told to 
send eighty thousand or one hundred thousand rupees to Dacca, and a like 
sum to Malda to be invested according to directions sent them. The settle- 
ment of Councils at the different factories is now decided, viz. : at Fort 
St. George, Streynsham Master is appointed Agent and Governor, Joseph 
Hynmers book-keeper, Edward Herris warehousekeeper, John Bridger 
Choultry Justice, and Timothy Wilks Mint master. At Masulipatam, 
Matthew Manwaring to be Chief, Jacob Smyth book-keeper and John 
Tivil wardiousekeeper. At MadapoUam, Christopher Hatton to be 
Chief, Maurice Wynn (blank). At Hugh, Walter Clavell to be Chief and 
First in Council, Edward Read Fourth in Council, Edmund Bugden 
warehousekeeper and Sixth m Council. At Kasimbazar, Matthias 
^ See also Home Miscellaneous, voL xlii, p. 297. 



120 


COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

Vincent to be Chief and Second in Council, Edward Littleton book- 
keeper, Richard Edwards warehousekeeper. At Patna, Job Charnock 
to be Chief and Third in Council, George Peacock (blank). At Dacca, 
Samuel Hervey to be Chief, Fitz Nedham (blank). At Ballasore, John 
Marshal to be Chief, John Billingsley (blank), Henry Carpenter (blank). 
As by the Company's establishment there should be six of Council at the 
Fort, whereas there are only five at present, order is given for the Agent 
and Council to supply the vacancy with the Second from Masulipatam 
or the Bay, and, in case they refuse the post, then to call factors from 
those places next in degree and youngest of Council to go to the Fort. 
Richard Mohim to be given such a post and emplo3mient within that 
Agency (except MasuHpatam and the factories subordinate thereto) as 
the Agent and Council shall judge best and where he will be most 
serviceable, but he is not to take the place of any in Council at present. 
Ephraim Skinner having lost a bill of exchange drawn on the Company 
by Messrs. Ball and Gosfright from Leghorn for 114^. payable at three 
months after date, and desiring that the second bill may be paid, the 
Court consent, on Skinner giving a discharge for it and stating in the 
receipt that it is in full of the lost biU. (3 pp,) 

A Court of Committees, December 5, 1677 (Court Book, vol. xxx, 
p. 402). 

Permission is granted to the servant of Sir Henry Barnard to export 
in the Company's ships fifty pounds in foreign bullion for the Coast, 
freight free, and William Perkins is allowed to export twenty pounds 
free. The account of the late Thomas Amos, silk-dyer, to be reported. 
The schoolmaster at the Fort to be allowed a salary of 30^. a year, with 
accommodation for diet and lodging, for teaching the children and youth 
to read English, write and cipher, and instructing them, by catechizing, 
in the principles of the Protestant religion; he is also given liberty to 
teach the Latin tongue to such as the parents wish and to receive reason- 
able payment for this. The account of John Philips, late a mate in the 
Return, to be reported. The wife of John Robinson to be permitted to 
take passage in the Lancaster for Bantam, her husband paying for her. 
Thomas Brown is admitted to the freedom by redemption. A petition 
from George Robinson, executor to the late Sir Martin Noel, is read, and 
order is given for it to be referred to Moses who is to consider whether 
the gratuity given by the General Court to the testator for his pains as 
a Committee is to be legally accounted as part of his estate, or whether 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


I2I 


(it being still unpaid) the General Court can pay it to his orphans. The 
following securities are approved, viz., Henry Haynes, grocer, and John 
Haynes, wax-chandler, in 500/. for John Haynes, writer. Charles Um- 
fre\dlof the Middle Temple, and John Johnson, ‘ Inholder’, of London in 
500/. for Henry Umfre\dl. Francis Lambert and Nehemiah Rogers in 
500Z. for John Lambert, writer. Sir James Oxinden as additional 
security in 500/. for Christopher Oxinden. Christopher Thomlinson and 
Richard Hammerton, as additional security in 500Z. for Richard 
Edwards, factor. The 'ability’ of Francis Mackerel, grocer, proposed as 
additional security in i,oooZ. for John Billingsley, factor, to be ascer- 
tained. Mr. Walker to be given loL for the use of the mother of Mr. 
Grffith. Thomas Bailey stating that he has lost his warrant for 50/. 
made out for his last dividend, the Accountant-General is desired to 
make out a second warrant for payment of the said 50Z., Bailey in his 
receipt to promise that neither he, his executors or assigns shall demand 
the said money on the first warrant, should it be found, but that it shall 
be delivered to the Governor and Committees to be cancelled. Payment 
of 2L 7s. 6 d. to be made to Christopher Thomlinson. The request of 
Maj or Thomson touching an allowance to be made to him and Mr. Dewy 
for late payment of money due for powder they delivered in pursuance 
of their contract (which has been allowed to others in a like case) is 
referred for examination and report. (i| pp.) 

A Court of Committees, December 7, 1677 {Ibid., p. 404). 

The Treasury Committee to take up at interest 40,000/. at five per 
cent upon account of goods to be bought at the next sale, this sum to be 
repaid on March 25 next and notice inserted in the Company’s bills that 
the money so lent is not to be continued at interest after that date. The 
sum of 22L 5s. due on the account of Thomas Amos, silk-dyer, to be 
paid. Allowance to be made for sovaguzzees to WiIIiamW3^hers. John 
Heames is admitted to the freedom gratis. The sum of 28Z. 6s. to be paid 
to John Richardson, printer, (i p.) 

A Court of Committees, December 7, 1677 [afternoon] {Ibid., 
P- 405)- 

A letter to the Agent and Coimdl at the Fort is read and approved. 
A letter to be sent to Francis Parry, Envoy from His Majesty to the 
Prince Regent of Portugal, is also read and approved and the Governor 
is desired to sign it. (J p.) 



122 


COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

The Company to Francis Parry (Agent in Lisbon for the 
Queen's Dowry), December 7, 1677 {Letter Book, vol. v, p. 482). 

They send enclosed the King's letter to the Prince of Portugal under 
cover of Secretary Coventry's letter to himself, and desire him to 
prosecute 'that businesse to a fuU effect in the asserting of our rights as 
to what wee possesse. The recovery of what wee ought to have, free 
passage by Tannah and Carinjah, an amicable correspondence in India 
between the two nations, and a free commerce, according to the articles 
of marriage and treaties, pursuant to your instructions, and to give us 
an account of what is effected therein, and the accomplishment of our 
desires shaU be gratefully acknowledged.' This letter was enclosed in 
one from Sir Nathaniel Heme to Messrs. Newham and Clark, merchants 
at Lisbon, and sent to Mr. Lodge at Deal, to be delivered on board the 
Granado, Nicholas Martin, Master, in the Downs bound for Lisbon. 

(IP‘) 

Richard Watts at Deal to Sir Joseph Williamson, December 
10, 1677 (Public Record Office: S,P, Dom., Car. 11 . 398, no. 80). 

. . . This noon arrived the East India ship Mary, which lost her 
passage. Every one believed she had been lost, . . . 

Richard Watts at Deal to Sir Joseph Williamson, December 
II, 1677 (iUd., no. 85). 

Yesterday I informed you that the Mary was arrived. Our seamen 
thought it was her, but it was the Loyal Subject from Bantam. 

Abstract of a letter from the Sultan of Bantam December ii, 
1677 (Public Record Office: C.O. 77, vol. xih, f. 221). 

Your Agent Arnold White, who came in lieu of your former Agent 
Henry Dacres, was on April 12 last murdered, together with Albinus 
Willoughby and Dudley North, as they were coming down from the 
Washing place about 7 o'clock in the evening. The Chief of the Danes, 
Joan Joakin Powly, dangerously wounded, and although I have made 
diligent search and inquiry after the person or persons that committed 
the act and at several times by beating of gong did promise sufficient 
reward to any who should discover the party, yet to my grief it 
cannot be found out. p.) 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


123 

A Court of Committees, December ii, 1677 (Court Book, vol. xxx, 

P. 405)* 

Letters received from the factors at Bantam dated July 6, 1677, are 
read, and order is given for the narrative of the murder of Agent WTiite, 
Albinus Willoughby and Dudley North, committed by two Javanese, 
with the abstract of a letter written by the Sultan of Bantam on this 
occasion to the Company to be transcribed and presented to the prin- 
cipal Secretaries of State. The Committee for Bantam and the South 
Seas to read the letters, advices and papers received by the Loyal 
Subject, consider and report what should be written in the answer to be 
sent by the ships now going. The Shipping Committee to give directions 
for the entertainment of twelve able soldiers to serve at Bantam, also of 
an armourer who is to serve as a soldier, all to take passage in the Lan- 
caster and Berkeley Castle, (| p.) 

A Court of Committees, December 12, 1677 (Ibid,, p. 406). 

The bill of Morris, the carpenter, to be examined. George Papillon 
to provide spice to be given to the Commissioners of Customs and the 
usual officers, and to those of the Company's servants who received it 
last year. A letter to be drawn up to the Sultan of Bantam in accord- 
ance with the present debate. Sir Henry Dacres delivers in an answer to 
the charge against him and requests that the difference between the 
Company and himself may be submitted to arbitration, this is agreed to 
and four Committees are named who are to determine the matter by 
March 25 next, covenants to be entered into by both parties for standing 
to the award of the referees. The Treasury Committee to report what 
gratuities they think should be given to the Customhouse officers. 
Strejmsham Master to be permitted to have shipped out to him 120 02. 
of foreign gold freight free. (| p.) 

A Court of Committees, December 12, 1677 [afternoon] {Ibid,, 

p. 407)* 

The Treasury Committee to make up the money already designed for 
the Coast and Bay to 2io,oooi. to be distributed as follows: viz., for the 
Fort, 90,000/. for Masulipatam, 30,000/. for the Bay, 90,000/., besides the 
goods ordered. Certain Committees are desired to examine the letters 
to be sent to the Coast and Bay, compare them with the drafts read in 
Court and report if they are found to agree. The request of Walter 
Clavell, Chief in the Bay, that 100/. of his salary may be paid to his 



124 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

sister Mrs. Monpezzon, is granted, and a warrant ordered to be made 
out accordingly. James Inness, attorney to Matthias Vincent, Chief of 
Cassimbuzar [Kasimbazar], to be paid lOoL from the salary of the said 
Vincent. The sum of 6ol. to be paid to Timothy Wilks, Senior, father 
and attorney of Timothy Wilks, factor, at Fort St. George, to be put to 
the account of the latter's salary. A satisfactory character having been 
received of Ralph Orde and of his ability and qualifications, he is elected 
as schoolmaster for the Fort at an annual salary of 50Z, with an allow- 
ance of lol. for fresh provisions, etc., for the voyage. Permission is given 
for foreign bullion to be shipped out as follows, viz., by Francis Bowyer 
1,000 dollars, and by John Marshal 100 dollars, both freight free. By 
Vincent Sayon 43 oz. of foreign gold; by Jane Harrison 12I, ; and by a 
servant of Mr. Hatton lol., these last three to pay freight,. WiUiam 
Vergis, ship-chandler, and Robert Davis, apothecary, are accepted as 
security in 500Z. for James Sowden, writer, (i p.) 

A Court of Committees, December 14, 1677 (Court Book, vol. xxx, 
p. 408). 

As by an order of August 23, 1677, reducing the freight of ships for 
Bantam and Jambi to 14Z. per ton for pepper and other gruff goods, and 
I'jL per ton for fine goods, and for all vessels of 500 tons burden to carry 
seventy-five men and twenty-four guns, and all two-deckers a propor- 
tionable number of men and guns, the Lancaster, Berkeley Castle, 
Johanna, and Eagle are entertained on these terms for a voyage to those 
parts, yet, upon consideration of advices received from Bantam, the 
Court declare that, if the owners of the said ships think fit to add ten or 
twelve more men and to carry twenty-four guns for a two-decker and 
twenty-eight for a three-decked vessel, to enable them to do the voyage 
better, and declare that they have done so before sailing from Graves- 
end, 505. a month shall be allowed them for the additional wages and 
diet during the voyage, if the said guns are taken out and brought back 
mounted from St. Helena. Upon consideration of the advices from 
Bantam the Falcon, entertained to go to the Coromandel Coast and 
thence to Bantam, is now appointed to go direct to the Bay but not to 
Bantam. The Court, judging it expedient that the ships should sail up 
the Ganges, order that if any vessel goes up as far as Hugli, or as far as 
Channock, the owners shall be allowed 40s. per ton for the ship's whole 
toimage above their ordinary freight, and that a gratuity of 100/. shall 
be given to the commander, 20I, to the chief mate, 16Z. to the second 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


125 

mate, 12Z. to the third, and lol, to the fourth, and a month’s pay to the 
rest of the officers and seamen for their encouragement. The Shipping 
Committee to inform the commanders and officers of this, who are to 
seal a new charterparty accordingly. The Committee are also to see 
what private trade is laden in the said ships bound for the Fort and 
Masulipatam, have it taken out and put into the Williamson, Nathaniel, 
and Society in such proportion as they judge fit. A letter from Henry,^ 
Bishop of London, is read, and the Deputy-Governor and certain Com- 
mittees are desired to speak to His Lordship and give an answer from 
the Court in accordance with the present debate. Mr. South to ask 
Messrs. Breton and Pearce, sureties of the late Robert Fleetwood, for 
500?., part of a larger sum for which the said Fleetwood is mdebted to 
the Company. Order is given for the Company’s seal to be affixed to a 
general release drawn up by Moses between the Company and William 
Mainston. Musters of sOk, and silks sent to the Company by Joseph 
HaU, to be valued. Papers delivered in by Mr. Chamberlaine which he 
received from his brother at Masulipatam to be referred for considera- 
tion. The account of William Calloway to be reported. Thomas Sprigg 
to pay the Officers of the Customhouse in London gratuities amounting 
to 234Z. The commanders of the Falcon and Berkeley Castle to be paid 
one quarter of the permission money on bullion and fine goods they took 
out and brought back in their last voyage to and from India. The 
account of Edward Austin to be reported. (2 pp.) 

The Company’s decision and order concerning Alvaro Perez 
DE Tavora, December 14, 1677 {Letter Book, vol, v, p. 484). 

The petition of Alvaro Perez de Tavora setting forth his sorrow for 
past misdeeds and submission for the future occasion in the Company 
'a sense of tenderness and compassion’ towards him. So being willing 
' according to the example of our gracious Master wherever the matter 
will bear it, to show that they do not seek the undoing of any man, but 
only their own honour and security in the government of Bombay, they 
give order for the Governor and Council at Bombay to be directed, upon 
Alvora Perez appearing before them and making the same acknowledg- 
ment of his misdoings as he did before the Company, to issue a pardon 
to him, under their seal of Bombay, for all his delinquencies, and thereby 
restore him to the possession of the land and estate formerly belonging 
to him, but that were sequestered to his mother. The Company order 
* Henry Compton (1675-1713). 



126 


COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

the Governor and Council of Bontibay to see that this is duly executed 
and a pardon under their seal of Bombay issued to Alvaro for all de- 
linquencies, his estates that were sequestered restored with the profits of 
the same, after the costs of this affair have been deducted. ( J p) 

A Court of Committees, December 17, 1677 {Court Book, vol. xxx, 
p. 410). 

The Bantam Committee reporting several clauses to be written to the 
Agent and Council of that place, the Court approve. Captain Stafford, 
commander of the Falcon, to be instructed to take all possible care in 
sailing up the Ganges, and told that the Chief and Council in the Bay 
are to supply him with such boats and pilots as they have if he wishes 
for them. The owners of the Falcon to be paid i,oooZ. upon a further 
account of her freight. The commanders of ships going to the Bay to be 
allowed to take out two spare anchors and cables which on coming away 
they may sell with the knowledge of the Chief. The Bantam Committee 
are desired to draw up a letter to the Sultan of Bantam according to the 
sense of the present debate. The wife of Captain Lawrence Moyer to be 
permitted to ship out 20L in foreign bullion on paying freight. (| p,) 

A Court of Committees, December 19, 1677 P- 4ii)- 

Roger Braddil is admitted to the freedom by redemption. Two 
hundred pigs of lead to be sent aboard the Sampson. For the better 
discovery of bullion taken out in the Company's ships for the Coast 
without leave or payment of freight, the Court decide to allow the 
Agent one-half the freight due to the Company on all he shall discover 
that has been brought there out of register. The following securities 
are accepted, viz., Christopher Thomlinson and Thomas Gray, both of 
London, in 500^^. for William Rivett, writer; and Sir Edmund Bysh and 
George Shukburgh in 500/. for John Goddard, writer. The Treasury to 
send down the treasure designed for the Coast and Bay and Bantam 
ships as soon as they are ready to receive it. Messrs. Canham and 
Rudge with the churchwardens are desired to distribute 5/, to the poor 
of the parish of St, Andrew Undershaft, over and above the usual parish 
allowance, to the most necessitous. A warrant for 500^. to be made out 
to William Mainston in full of all claims and demands, pursuant to an 
agreement made between the Company and him, and his bonds and 
covenants to be dehvered up to be cancelled, (i p.) 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


127 

The Company to Captain Richard Goodlad, December 19, 1677 
{Letter Book, voL v, p. 488). 

They have freighted his ship the Lancaster for a voyage to the Indies, 
and order him to get her into the Downs and thence proceed by the 
first opportunity to Bantam, steering to the westward of the Madeiras 
to avoid Turks and other pirates, and, on arriving at Bantam, to foUow 
the orders he shall receive from the Agent and Council there for his 
future proceedings. Because of 'the troublous times' he is to keep his 
ship in a good posture of defence, maintain the worship of God aboard, 
and good order amongst his men. To keep company with as many of 
the Company's ships as he shall meet at St. Helena and arrange with 
them to put their vessels in order of seniority if they meet with an 
enemy, to obey the proclamation of the King and wear only the usual 
English flag and ensign, viz., the white flag with a red cross, and a red 
ensign with a red cross in a white field in the upper comer. Pray that 
he may have a prosperous voyage and happy return, (i p.) 

The Company to Captain John Stafford, December 19, 1677 
{Ibid,, p. 524). 

They have freighted his ship the Falcon to go directly to the Bay, and 
the Williamson, Nathaniel, and Society for the Coast and Bay, Direct 
them to get into the Downs as soon as possible and then proceed to- 
gether to St. lago. Give the usual orders as to their steering to the west- 
ward of the Madeiras to avoid the Turks, etc., and keeping together, but 
if Stafford finds that waiting for the others will hinder his timely arrival 
at the Bay, then he is to proceed alone, the reason for this is because his 
vessel is to go into the Ganges as far up as Hugh if he can, or at least as 
far as Channock, as a precedent for the Company's ships not to remain 
in the dangerous road of Balasore at the breaking up of the monsoon, 
but for their safety and for the better lading of goods to go into the 
river. On arriving, Stafford is to teU. this to the Chief and Council and 
send them the packet, for they have been ordered to afford him all the 
assistance possible and such boats and pilots as are there. He is to get 
the best information he can of the shoals, channels, and setting of the 
tides, and, with the utmost care, proceed up the river, according to 
the endorsement of his charterparty, and follow the orders given by the 
Chief and Council. When Stafford is with the other three ships he is to 
be Vice-Admiral, Basse to be Admiral, and Stannard Rear-Admiral, 
they are to keep together for mutual defence, maintain good order in 



128 


COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 


their ships, and do their best for a speedy passage both outward and 
homeward. To bear in mind the King's proclamation about the flag 
when going to and returning from St, Helena. Commit them to the pro- 
tection of the Almighty, (ij pp.) 

A Court of Committees, December 20, 1677 {Court Book, vol. xxx, 

p. 413)- 

The Governor, Lord Berkeley, and certain other Committees are 
desired to present an address to the King touching the murder of Agent 
White and two other of the Company's factors at Bantam, and inform 
His Majesty of the letter prepared and approved by the Court to be sent 
to the Sultan of Bantam. The sum of 50L to be paid to the assigns of 
Joseph Hall for musters of silk and silks he sent to the Company from 
the Bay, which have be^n viewed and valued by certain Committees. 
Thomas Goddard is approved as security in 500Z. for John Goddard, 
writer, in the place of Sir Edward Bish formerly accepted. The Shipping 
Committee to hasten to Gravesend aU ships bound for the Coast and Bay. 
Payment to be made to John Philips, and to the owners of the Falcon. 
Permission is given to Messrs. Bateman, Browne, Rivett, Sprigg, Evans, 
HiU, and to Anne EUford to ship out several quantities of bullion and 
foreign silver free of freight. Forty of Elisha Coles'^ books to be sent to 
the Fort, {iipp») 

The Company to Abull Fettahee, Sultan of Bantam, Decem- 
ber 20, 1677 (Letter Book, vol. v, p. 490). 

They have received the Sultan's letter sent to them by Captain 
William Goodlad telling of the murder of their Agent, Arnold White, 
and of two others of their principal factors on April 21 last, and that the 
Sultan had caused diligent search and inquiry to be made after the 
person or persons who had done this, and had the 'Guong beaten' and 
promised a reward to any one who should discovei? the perpetrators, 
but nothing as yet has been found out. They are deeply impressed by 
'the horrid and inhumane murther' both by reason of its wickedness, 
the quality of the victims, and their connexion with them. The long 
friendship between them and the Sultan, the many advantages both he 
and his country have reaped from their settling and continuing trade at 
Bantam, also their experience of the justice, wisdom, and prudence of 
the Sultan and the advantages they have received, convinces them that 
* Elisha Coles (1640 ?-i68o), lexicographer and stenographer. 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


129 

this wicked murder of their Agent and factors was contrary to his will 
and without his knowledge. Notwithstanding the 'noble and heroic 
resolution' of the Sultan that, if the murderer could be found he should 
die, the Company understand that none appeared when the gong was 
beaten to detect the murderer, yet by the lance found and other circum- 
stances they hope the matter will be sifted out, and they pray that no 
endeavour may be omitted, and speedy and impartial justice meted out 
to the perpetrator, and the promoters, contrivers, and abettors publicly 
executed, so that the Sultan and his kmgdom may 'avoid the guilt of 
innocent blood and the just vengeance of the Great God'. They wrote 
to the Sultan by the Phoenix about continuing their trade at Bantam, 
they are confident that his wisdom wiU find his own interest so involved 
with theirs that he will not only for justice sake fulfil their desire in 
having the murderer executed and so deter others from a like crime, but 
also give such further assurance that the persons of the Company's 
Agent, factors, servants, and their estates maybe protected from injury 
and violence in his dominions, that the Company may be encouraged to 
augment their trade at Bantam; in expectation of this they will con- 
tinue the course of their trade whilst awaiting a satisfactory answer. 
By the Phoenix they sent out Robert Parker, as assistant to Agent 
White, and, in case of the death of the latter, Parker to succeed as 
Agent. This they now confirm and beg the Sultan to receive Parker as 
Agent and afford him countenance and protection that he and all the 
factors under him may transact the Company's affairs, and, when 
necessary, receive assistance from the Sultan. Desire that the Almighty 
may increase his honour and happiness, and prosper him in the ways of 
justice and righteousness. 

The Company to Captain William Basse, December 20, 1677 
{Ibid,, p. 512). 

They have freighted his ship the Williamson, the Nathaniel, com- 
manded by Captain William Stannard, and the Society, commanded by 
Captain William Thomson, and designed them for the Coast and Bay, 
also the Falcon, commanded by Captain John Stafford, but she is to go 
directly for the Bay. Desire him to get into the Downs as soon as 
possible, and all sail together by the first opportunity to St. lago, steer- 
ing to the westward of the Madeiras to avoid the Turks and other 
pirates. He is to keep with the others if possible, but if he finds this will 
retard his timely arrival at the Fort then he should proceed alone. On 

4372 K 



130 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

arrival at the Coast he is to deliver the Company's packet and follow the 
directions of the Agent and Council for his dispatch to the Coast and 
Bay. The Williamson is to wear the flag, Stafford to be Vice-Admiral, 
and Stannard, Rear-Admiral. He is given the usual orders as to keeping 
his vessel in a good posture of defence, good order amongst his men, 
keeping company with as many of the Company's ships as he shall find 
at St. Helena on returning, not trust the Turks or any European nation, 
and obey the King’s proclamation as to wearing only the usual English 
flag both on his outward and homeward voyage to and from St. Helena. 
He is told to take in at Johanna whatever great stones he can procure 
and conveniently store for repairing the fortifications at the Fort and 
the wharf against the sea in accordance with the request of the Agent 
and Council, and render what assistance he can to the factors and others 
at the places he shall go to for their safety and in order to obtain lading for 
his vessel. A letter of like tenor is sent to Stannard and Thomson, {lipp^) 

A Court of Committees, December 21, 1677 [Court Book, vol xxx, 
P- 414)- 

The Governor reports what the King and His Royal Highness said 
upon hearing the address from the Company touching the murder of 
Agent White, Messrs. Willoughby and North, and their letter to the King 
of Bantam. Hereupon the contents of the said letter are debated and 
several amendments made. The Governor also reports that His Royal 
Highness said some provision should be made at this juncture for meet- 
ing the Company’s ships, expected home this next year, at St. Helena. 
On learning that Sir Hemy Dacres has provided some small brass guns 
by order of the Sultan of Bantam who wants them to furnish his prows, 
the Court decide to treat for these with Sir Henry and send them on their 
own account to the Sultan in the Lancaster; and thinking that justice 
may be more easily obtained with regard to the assassination of Agent 
White, Messrs. Willoughby and North, also greater security for the 
Company's factors and estates at Bantam if a letter could be procured 
from His Majesty on the subject. Lord Berkeley and Sir John Banks are 
desired to request Secretary Williamson to approach the King to this 
effect. (1^.) 

Petition to the King, December, 1677 (?) [Public Record Office: 
C.O. 77, vol. xiii, f. 288).* 

That His Majesty will take notice in such a manner as he deems fitting 

* Undated. 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


131 

of the information from the East India Company that they have 
received a letter from the King of Bantam, dated April 21 last, giving 
them the sad account of the murder of their Agent Arnold White, and 
two other principal factors, viz., Messrs. Willoughby and North, and of 
the King of Bantam’s endeavour to find out the murderers that they 
may be brought to punishment. That His Majesty will be pleased to 
write to the King of Bantam requesting him to find out the said 
murderers and cause justice to be done upon them. That His Majesty 
will show his iU-resentment, more especially as the King of Bantam and 
the Company have so long had a mutual and friendly correspondence 
and friendship and desire that it may continue. That His Majesty will 
not only request that justice be done to the murderers, for the deterring 
of others, but that the Company (trading at Bantam) may have good 
assurance for the preservation and safety of their trade, which is no 
more than what His Majesty affords to all who trade in his dominions. 
That His Majesty will also let the King of Bantam know he received his 
kind present of pepper, and, as a testimony of acceptance, has returned 
150 barrels of powder, (i p) 

The King to Abull Fettahee, Sultan of Bantam, December 31, 
1677 {Letter Book, vol. v, p, 489). 

Wishes him all health, prosperity, and happiness. The East India 
Company have told His Majesty of the Sultan’s letter to them, received 
by the Loyal Subject, giving an account of the barbarous murder of their 
Agent White and two of their principal factors, Messrs. Willoughby and 
North, living at Bantam, and of the Sultan’s endeavours to bring the 
murderers to condign punishment. The King cannot but be 'extreamly 
touched with the sense of so horrid a cruelty' happening in the territory 
of the Sultan between whom and the Company there has been a long and 
happy correspondence and mutual friendship, which it is desirous should 
continue. Therefore, because of the care and protection His Majesty 
owes to ah his people in general, and which he is wont to express in a 
particular manner to the said Company, he prays the Sultan to take 
effectual means for " this innocent blood to be avenged ’, the authors and 
abettors found, and impartial justice done to them, not only for the love 
of justice, which by report has always been evident in the Sultan's 
government, but that others may be deterred from such villainous 
attempts in future, and the Company, who are still desirous (as far as 
they may with safety) to continue the settlement of their trade with the 



132 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

Sultan, have testimony of by just protection for their present Agent, 
Robert Parker, or whoever else shall from time to time be appointed 
their Agent, also for all their factors, servants, and concerns, which all 
good princes are bound to give to all living under their government. 
His Majesty takes this opportunity to thank the Sultan for his kind 
present of pepper sent sometime ago, and for which in return His 
Majesty sent the Sultan one hundred and fifty barrels of powder in the 
Expectation, commanded by Captain Owen, thinking it would be 'most 
to his liking'. Desiring that sincere affection and correspondence naay 
continue between the Sultan and the Company, His Majesty commits 
the Sultan to the protection of Almighty God. (i p,) 

A Court of Committees, January 2, 1678 {Court Book, vol. xxx, 
P- 415)* 

The Court, learning that considerable quantities of foreign bullion and 
silver are likely to be carried in the Company's ships now bound for the 
Coast, without permission or pa3nnent of freight, request the Committee 
for Private Trade and the Shipping Committee to consider what effectual 
means may be taken to prevent such undue practices, and report ; and 
at the same time they resolve that double freight shall be charged upon 
all foreign bullion and silver discovered in any of the Company's ships 
bound for the Indies for which no permission has been obtained, and 
that one-quarter of the said freight shall be paid to the person discover- 
ing it. Order is also given for letters to be written to the several com- 
manders to tell them of this, and to require them to examine their 
ofi&cers and men as to the bullion they have shipped without permission 
and report. A good character having been received of Ralph Rhodes 
and of his qualifications, he is elected as a writer for Bantam for seven 
years at an annual salary of loZ. Thomas Persehouse to be allowed to 
export 50 oz. of foreign gold for the Coast on payment of freight. The 
Secretary is desired to provide some primers, psalters, and testaments 
to the value of 5Z., also a copy of Culpepper's 'Dispensatory' to be sent 
to the Fort by the schoolmaster, Mr. Orde. Robert Woodward is given 
a gratuity of 20Z. for his constant attendance in the Accountant's and 
Secretary's of&ce, and John Hooper is given a gratuity of loZ. for his 
pains in the service. The accoxmt of the late Mr. Ellwaies to be reported, 
(2 pp.) 

A Court of Committees, January 4, 1678 {Ibid., p, 417). 

Isaac Sawbridge is admitted to the freedom by redemption. Ralph 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


133 


Orde, entertained as a schoolmaster for the Fort, to be paid $L in part 
of his salary. William Umfrevil of Langham in Essex is accepted as 
security in 500?., in the place of Mr. Johnson formerly proposed, for 
Henry Umfrevil, writer. The Treasury Committee to take up such 
further sums of money upon loan at five per cent upon account of goods 
to be bought at the next sale as they find necessary. Certain Committees 
to read an account delivered in this day by Mr. Hampson of goods he 
has sold that were consigned to him by Samuel Sambrooke, and report. 
The sum of 2,oooZ. to be paid to the owners of the Berkeley Castle, the 
Eagle, and the Johanna respectively, in further part of freight and 
demurrage. The Berkeley Castle to sail from Gravesend on January 10 
next, in accordance with her charterparty. The Shipping Committee 
to ascertain what passengers are to go in the Surat ships, apportion 
them, and notify the commanders, that timely provision be made. On 
a representation from the Accountant, Francis Beyer, the Court decide 
to bestow upon him a gratuity of lOoZ. for the past year, and order that 
lOoZ. yearly, by way of gratuity, be made to his present salary of 200L 
per annum, in consideration of his great fitness and for his care and 
pains. 

The Company to Captain William Basse, January 4, 1678 
{J^eUer Book, vol. v, p. 513). 

They have ground for believing that a quantity of bullion is laden in 
their outward-bound ships, not registered, and for which no freight is 
paid, therefore, though they are confident that he wiU not act contrary 
to his covenant with them, yet they doubt not but that some of his 
officers and others may have arranged for this to be done. Require 
Basse to make strict examination and search, and report to them what 
he shall discover. They give a larger indulgence to their officers than 
their neighbours, so if they disobey the Company's rules they can expect 
no encouragement. Promise to reward whoever shall detect this wrong- 
doing ' according to their desert A leUer of like tenor is sent to Captains 
Stannard and Thomson. (J p.) 

The Company to Captain William Basse, January 5, 1678 {Ibid., 

p. 514)- 

Although they hope there wiU be no danger in their ships getting 
away from the coast, or if there should be that they, according to orders, 
will keep together and put their ships into so good a posture that by the 



134 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

hloQsing of God they will be able to defend themselves against any 
attempt, yet because of the imcertainty of the times and the richness of 
the ships, the Company have obtained from the King an order, which 
wiU this night be sent to the Downs, for Captain Wilshaw in the rissis- 
tame, or Captain Gardner in the Foresight to accompany them to a fair 
distance from the coast. On receipt of this letter Captain Basse is to 
speak with the said commanders and desire the Captain, who has the 
order, to be ready to sail with them by the first fair wind, it being late in 
the year and they must lose no opportunity of proceeding on their 
voyage. This letter is to be communicated to Captains Stafford, Stan- 
nard, Thomson, and Goodlad. (J p.) 

Treasurer Danby to Sir William Thomson, January 7, 1678 
(Public Record Office: Warrants not Relating to Money, vii, p. 140). 

The present posture of His Majesty's affairs requiring more than an 
ordinary supply for such preparations as are necessary to be made in this 
conjuncture, and the great readiness I have ever found in you and the 
East India Company to serve His Majesty on all occasions makes me 
desire that the Company would again assist His Majesty at this present 
with the loan of 30,000/. in money and what quantity of saltpetre they 
have by them ; for all which they shall have the same security of repay- 
ment as they had for the last 40,000/. loan. I desire you to acquaint the 
Company as soon as may be of this matter, not doubting of your and 
their ready compliance herein, considering how acceptable and season- 
able this service must needs be unto His Majesty, and that your quick 
dispatch of this affair will much oblige me. 

A Court of Committees, January 9, 1678 (Court Book, vol. xxx, 
p. 419). 

Resolved that a General Court of Sales shall be held on March 5 next. 
Directions to be given for taking up the sherry consigned to the Com- 
pany by Mr, Selw57n and Company at Cadiz. A paper from Captain 
Prowd about the men in the Return who have been in the Company's 
service since 1671, about ground tackle and stores wanted for the ships 
in the South Seas, and about an allowance for Mr. Ely, the Captain's 
assistant, for his care and pains in the service, is referred to the Shipping 
Committee ; the said Committee are also desired to consider what should 
by done byway of providing men and provisions for St. Helena, and report. 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


135 

The accounts of Captain William Stevens, William Motley, late mariner 
at St. Helena, and Joseph Upton, late an armourer in the Tywan to be 
stated. The petition of Rebecca Edwards is referred for consideration. 
The qualifications of Mr. Kenny, minister, who returned in the Loyal 
Subject, to be ascertained and reported. Major Bourne and Mr. Duncan, 
owners of the Falcon, now bound for the Bay in the Company's service, 
request that some portion of the allowance, to be given to any ship's 
company going up the Ganges as high as Hugh or even to Channock, 
may be made to the commander, oflBicers, and men in the Falcon if they 
sail up any part of the Ganges but fall short of Channock ; the Court 
decide that if the said ship shall try to go up the said river, and, after aU 
possible endeavours, fail to get farther than half-way to Channock, one 
half of the promised allowance shall be given to the owners and ship's 
company for their hazard and pains. A letter from the Lord High 
Treasurer directed to the Governor and to be communicated to the 
Company is read: it is to the following effect, viz., the present position 
of the King's affairs requiring more than an ordinary supply for such 
preparations as are necessary to be made, and the great readiness the 
Company have always shown to serve His Majesty on all occasions, 
makes the Lord Treasurer desire their further assistance by the loan of 
thirty thousand pounds and what saltpetre they have, for all which the 
same security for repa3nnent shall be given as was given when the last 
forty thousand pounds was lent. He wishes the Company to be told at 
once of this request, and doubts not but that they will readily comply, 
knowing how acceptable and serviceable the loan will be to His Majesty. 
Dated Whitehall, January 7, 1677-8, signed 

your very affectionate friend 

Danby. 

It is decided to summon a General Court of the Adventurers on Friday 
next at three in the afternoon to tell them of this letter, and of the 
opinion of the Court, (ij pp.) 

A Court of Committees, January ii, 1678 (Ibid., p. 421). 

Taking into consideration the present state of affairs and the fear of 
war breaking out, the Court order that the owners of the Ec^le and 
Johanna see that the ships sail from Gravesend (as obliged by charter- 
party) by February 10 next, the Eagle to carry whole and the Johanna 
half kentledge, the Johanna on the outward voyage to Bantam to touch 
at St. Helena, carry 100 passengers and stores and provisions necessary 



136 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

to reinforce the island. The Shipping Committee to consider the 
present condition of St, Helena, read the advices received thence, and 
report what arms, ammunition, men, and provisions are necessary to be 
sent by the Johanna for the better security of the place against any 
attempt of an enemy; to treat with the owners of the Johanna for 
transportation of passengers taken there, and consider if it be necessary 
to send any one to take charge and command of the island in case of the 
death of the present Governor or of his Deputy. The demands of Mr. 
Scriven are referred to the Committee for Accounts. Mrs. Friswith Field 
to be paid 15/., which is to be charged to the account of her husband. 
Captain Gregory Field, Governor of St. Helena. The accounts of John 
Thomas, late mariner in the Flying Eagle, are referred to the Shipping 
Committee, 

A General Court of Adventurers, January ii, 1678 [after- 
noon] {CouHBook,vo\.xxx, p. 422). 

The Governor states that the Generality have been summoned to hear 
the contents of a letter he received from the Earl of Danby, Lord High 
Treasurer of England. Hereupon the said letter is read, it is as follows : 
'The present posture of His Majesty’s affairs requiring more than an 
ordinary supply for such preparations as are necessary to be made in 
this conjuncture, and the great readiness I have ever found in you and 
the Company to serve His Majesty on all occasions makes me desire that 
the Company would again assist His Majesty at this present with the 
loan of thirty thousand pounds in money, and what quantity of salt- 
petre they have by them; for all which they shall have the same 
security for repayment as they had for the last forty thousand pounds. 
I desire you to acquaint the Company with this matter so soon as may 
be, not doubting of your and their ready compliance herein, consider- 
ing how acceptable and seasonable this service must needs be unto His 
Majesty, and your quick dispatch of this affair will much oblige. ’ The 
Governor stated that, with regard to the saltpetre the Court of Com- 
mittees think His Majesty should be supplied, as this is usually done, it 
being for the King’s service and the defence of the kingdom ; but, con- 
cerning the loan of thirty thousand pounds, the Court are anxious to 
avoid the frequent lending of money because of their great debt, and 
moneys coming in so slowly, yet at the present juncture of affairs and 
there being two ships in port towards repa3nnent, also as it is for the 
use of the Navy whose assistance the Company may have occasion for 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


137 

in these troublous times they wish the desired loan might be reduced to 
twenty thousand pounds. This sum is consented to and order given for 
it to be proposed. By a majority of hands it is decided that the Court of 
Committees shall be authorized to appoint persons to contract with 
those appointed by His Majesty for the saltpetre at a certain rate. The 
loan of twenty thousand pounds is also put to the ballot and passed in 
the afSrmative, and the Court of Committees are desired to get the 
Company's customs settled for what the saltpetre shall amount unto 
and for repayment of the money in the best way possible, (i p,) 

Royal Warrant, January 12, 1678 {Public Record Office: King's 
Warrant Book, v, pp. 452-3), 

To the Attorney or Solicitor-General for a great seal containing 
directions to the Lord Treasurer and Exchequer to pay to the Governor 
and Company of merchants trading to the East Indies 6o,oooZ. with 
interest at 6 per cent per annum as repayment of an advance and loan 
which the said Company have agreed to make of 20,000^, in money and 
754I tons of saltpetre to be by them furnished to the stores which at 
the several rates agreed upon by the Master of the Ordnance amounts to 
40,000/. more, making 60,000/. in all. The said sum is hereby to be 
repaid to them out of the moneys that shall grow due and payable 
to the King for the customs of East India commodities imported and 
to be imported by them after November i last. Tallies for the said 
sum and interest are to be struck on the Customs Cashier and handed 
to the said Company for securing repayment thereof. A clause is to 
be inserted in said great seal for the Treasury to allow to the said 
Company discount of interest of six and six months in accordance with 
the article in their charter granting them six and six months time for 
the payment of their customs from the respective times of entry or 
importation of their goods. The repayment as above to the said Com- 
pany is to be preferable and preferred before any other payments to be 
made out of the moneys payable by the said Company to the King 
for customs. 

A Court of Committees, January 16, 1678 {Court Book, vol. xxx, 
P- 423). 

The Deputy Governor and certain Committees are desired to treat 
with the Master of the King's Ordnance, or whosoever shall be ap- 
pointed, about the quantity, quality, and price of the saltpetre to be 



138 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

delivered for His Majesty’s service to the value of 40,000/., settle this, 
and report their proceedings. The Surat Committee to give directions 
for forty stamps to be provided for coining rupees at Bombay according 
to the draft approved by the King. The Committee for Private Trade 
to adjust the tonnage of the silk brought home in the President The 
Bantam and South Seas Committee to receive such information as can 
be obtained against Abel Payne, and speak with Sir Henry Dacres and 
John Dacres, or any other they judge fit touching this matter, consider 
what should be done to secure the Company’s factors and estate in 
Bantam, and report. A report from the Shipping Committee touching 
St. Helena is read, it is to the following effect: from a list received from 
the island of things wanted there, the Committee have drawn up a list, 
(this is given) of what they consider should be sent in the Johanna. By 
the first constitution all planters were encouraged by being given a pro- 
portion of land and cattle at their arrival, now, several queries are 
made as to whether single women ought to receive land at their arrival 
or children of planters when grown up. Single women have not been 
entertained on any such terms and conditions, yet, if any marry a man 
with no plantation then one shall be allotted to them and cattle, accord- 
ing to the first constitution. And if any man when grown up shall 
marry, or servant when out of his time, and have no plantation, upon 
marriage a plantation and cattle shall be allotted to them for their 
encouragement, answerable to the first constitution. In answer to the 
query about wages the Committee opme that izd. per day shall be 
given to master workmen and 8rf. to servants and labourers. Work done 
for the Company to be paid by direction of the Governor and Council 
there, who are to keep an exact account of these payments and send it 
home annually. For the better encouragement of artificers, soldiers, and 
others, the Committee think that two hundred pounds should be sent 
them in ' J i and royals of eight’, but as to the command of the island 
the Committee leave that to the judgment of the Court. The Court 
approve of this report and desire the Committee to provide all the par- 
ticulars mentioned in the list ; as regards the charge of the island in case 
of the death of the Governor or Deputy, they wiU take this into con- 
sideration. Captain Hide asking about the dimensions of the ship he 
proposed to build for the Company on March 21, 1675, to be com- 
manded by his son Jonathan Hide, he is told that there are more ships 
already built and entertained than can be made use of for many years, 
yet his shall be entertained in her turn, meanwhile he is to teU the 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


139 

Shipping Committee what her dimensions are, for their approval. 
( 3 i #0 

A Court of Committees, January 18, 1678 {Court Book, voL xxx, 
p. 427). 

After considering about the Company’s ships going to St. Helena, or, 
in case they should be diverted from that island, what directions to give 
them, the Governor is desired to write to the Fort, in accordance with 
the present debate, for the Agent to inform the commanders a week 
before they come from thence. Captain Baker, commander of the 
Barnardiston, offers her for further service. John Paige reports that he 
has received a letter from Captain Stafford, commander of the Falcon, 
advising that his bill of lading directs the delivery of the goods in his 
ship to the Agent and Council at the Fort although by his instructions 
he is to sail directly for the Bay, he begs for direction ; the Court reply 
that if the goods are delivered at the Bay this shall be as fuU a discharge 
of the biU of lading as if they had been delivered at the Fort. The 
President to be allowed freight for gruff and fine goods carried by her 
according to the terms of encouragement promised by the Company. 
Abel Payne to be dismissed from his present employment at Bantam, 
with liberty to go to Fort St. George or Bombay and be employed there 
as the Court shall appoint at the same salary he received as Agent, or, 
if he wishes he may come to England by the first shipping that leaves 
Bantam, the Bantam Committee to draw up a letter to this effect, 
(i^) 

A Court of Committees, January 21, 1678 (Ibid,, p. 428). 

The letter written to Bantam concerning Abel Payne is read and 
some amendments proposed, but it is finally decided, by vote, that it 
shall not be sent. The several warehousekeepers to send to the Account- 
ant-General particulars of all goods in their custody, and the Ware- 
house Committee are desired to meet next Thursday to consider what 
goods are fit to be put up for sale on March 5 next, and report. The 
Treasury Committee to give directions for collection of the silver re- 
ceived from Cadiz for the account of Samuel Sambrooke’s debt, cause it 
to be melted down for the Company’s use, and report their proceedings. 
Permission is given to the commander of the Berkeley Castle to ship out, 
free of freight, 3,000 pieces of eight for the use of himself and his officers, 
and to Ambrose Moody to export 300 dollars, free of freight, in the 
same ship, (f p,) 



140 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

Warrant from Treasurer Danby to the Customs Cashier, 
January 22, 1678 {Public Record Office: Money Booh {General), p. 197). 

To receive from the Collector of the Duties on East India goods bonds 
to the amount of 6,568/. I 2 s. 3 representing the sum owing from the 
East India Company to the King on such bonds taken before the 12th 
inst. (as appears by the certificate of Giles L3d:cot , ComptroUer-General of 
Customs) and to deliver the same to the said Company to be cancelled 
upon pa3unent made of the said sum with a discount of six per cent from 
the time of the payment to the time on which the money would grow 
due on the said bonds respectively: the said Company being willing to 
make present payment thereof for His Majesty's service. 

Instructions from Treasurer Danby to the Customs Commis- 
sioners, January 23, 1678 {Public Record Office: Out Letters {Customs), 
iv, pp. 154-5). 

... I am of opinion that coffee imported by the East India Company 
ought to pay a greater duty than 5 per cent (which it has usually been 
rated at) in case the medium (average) of the sales since 1661, not in- 
cluding the last, has amounted to 6/. 12s. od, per cent (per cwt.) accord- 
ing to the certificate you produce, and that the price of coffee at the last 
sale was increased to above double the usual value as you inform me: 
and as for the last sale I direct you to require the duty after the rate of 
the said medium of 6Z. 12s. od. per cent, and that for the future you 
think of some expedient to adjust the value of the said commodity with 
the said Company who, being a body, cannot make an oath 

A Court of Committees, January 23, 1678 {Court Book, vol. xxx, 
p. 429). 

A good character having been received of John Ekins, he is to be 
employed as oiie of the Company's cloth-drawers. Mrs. Harris's bill for 
sugar, etc., to be examined and paid. The owners of the President to be 
paid 2,000/. on account of her freight. A letter from William Smyth is 
read, in this he asks that his brother, Mancel Smyth, a factor at Surat, 
may be allowed to come to England to receive a legacy left to him by 
his uncle or it will be lost ; also that when the said Mancel returns to 
India he may have the same post and degree as when he left ; to this the 
Court consent. The owners of the Berkeley Castle to be paid 1,109/. 7 ^* 4 ^* 
in full of her freight. The Surat Committee to consider the petition 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


14: 

of Alvaro Perez de Tavora and report what they think should be done 
The following securities are approved, viz., WUliam Butler, a Londoi 
apothecary, and Steven Scott, of Hazel, Kent, in 500Z. for James Butler 
writer. Isaac Juryn, merchant, and Ann Juryn, widow of Peter Juryn 
in 500Z. for Peter Juryn, writer. John Archer, Doctor, John Sturton 
scrivener, and Margaret White, widow of Popeshead AUey, in 500/. fo3 
Reuben White, writer. The Surat Committee having desired Lore 
Berkeley to show the pattern of a stamp for rupees to be coined ai 
Bombay to the King for his approbation, and to ascertain whether any 
inscription should be put at the edge of the said coins. His Lordship this 
day reports to the Court that His Majesty approves of the design for the 
rupees, but leaves it to the Company to decide whether any or whaf 
inscription shall be put on the edge of the coins. Tonnage for calicoes 
and other goods to be settled by the Committee for Private Trade. 
Prompt payment to be made to Mr. Scriven for certain money paid in. 
Captain William Wildie and Captain Nathaniel Owen to be paid one- 
quarter of the permission money on bullion, jewels, etc., they carried out 
and brought back in the last voyage. Demands made by Mr. Acton 
touching some chintz he bought are referred for examination. (2 J pp.) 

Petition of Alvaro Perez de Tavora to the Company (undated) 
(Home Miscellaneous, vol. xlii, p. 353). 

The Company have by their grace and favour restored the petitioner 
to his estate in Bombay, formerly sequestrated, but as the Aldea Maza- 
gam cannot be cultivated to the satisfaction of the royal toll paid to the 
Company without the Colles^ fishermen, who plough and cultivate the 
land and palm trees and are annexed to the said Aldea, as is shown by 
papers which the petitioner presents, he prays that these papers may be 
examined, and, his statements proving true, that the Company wiU be 
pleased to order what in pity to him they shall think fit. Appended is an 
order, dated January 23, 1678, for the Surat Committee to consider the 
above petition and report what they opine should be done, and their 
reply ; the latter is as follows: January 31, 1678. In accordance with an 
order from the Company they have considered the petition of Alvaro 
Perez de Tavora concerning the CoUes fishermen, formerly belonging to 
the Aldea Mazagam, and think that it should be sent with the two 
orders of the Bombay Council the petitioner alleges were made in his 
favour in 1671, to the Governor and Council of Bombay, with directions 

^ Kolis. 



142 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

for these to be examined, and, if the petitioner’s pretences to the Aldea 
and CoUes fishermen appear just, and these to belong to him according 
to the settlement of the island in November, 1671, that then they 
should be restored to him. An account of the proceedings is to be sent 
to the Court, (i f.) 

Warrant to the Commissioners of the Treasury and Ex- 
chequer, January 24, 1678 (Parchment Records, No. 35). 

For the pa3niient of 6 o,oool. to the East India Company. 

A Court of Committees, January 25, 1678 (Court Book, vol. xxx, 
P- 431)- 

The Surat Committee to give directions for the making of twenty or 
forty pair of stamps for coining rupees upon the terms already agreed to, 
these to be ready by the 25th of next month, 'or what other engines are 
proper for minting the said rupees’. The Bantam Committee to give 
directions to the Auditor for drawing up the Company’s demands 
against John English and John Dacres. A report concerning goods fit 
to be offered at the next sale is read, and approved, and order given for 
the particulars in it to be printed, for the better information of buyers. 
The answer of William Gjffford to the charge brought against him is 
referred for examination and report to the Bantam Committee. The 
Court resolve that a dividend of one-half per cent shall be made to 
the adventurers in ginghams, if it is practicable, but refer the matter 
to the Deputy Governor and certain Committees to consider how it 
may be done, (i p.) 

The Company to Captain William Talbot, January 25, 1678 
{Letter Book, vol. v, p. 527). 

They have freighted his ship the Berkeley Castle for the Indies and 
order him to do his utmost to get her into the Downs and thence by the 
first opportunity to ply his voyage to Bantam. On arriving there he is to 
follow such orders and directions as he shall receive from the Agent and 
Council. Give him the usual orders about steering to the westward of 
the Madeiras, keeping his vessel in a good posture of defence, and main- 
taining the Company’s orders aboard his ship. He is to keep company 
with their ships he shall find at St. Helena both going and returning, 
when they must rank themselves according to seniority in command, 
be always on their guard, trust neither Turks nor any European 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


143 


nation and bear in mind the proclamation of His Majesty as regards 
wearing only the English flag and ensign on going to and returning from 
St. Helena. Pray for his prosperous voyage and happy return, (i p.) 

A Court of Committees, January 29, 1678 {Court Book, vol. xxx, 
P- 43 ^ 3 )- 

The Court sign letters to the Agent and Council at Bantam and to 
Captain WiUiam Talbot, commander of the Berkeley Castle, {\p,) 

A Court of Committees, February i, 1678 (Ibid., p. 433). 

Damaged pepper returned in the Loyal Subject and Barnardiston to 
be examined and report made as to what part of it is fit to be returned 
to the owners. The accounts of the warehousekeepers to be examined, 
with their books of receipts and deliveries of all goods committed to 
their charge with those unsold or undelivered. The petition of Francis 
Cooper is referred for examination. Mr. Baily to be permitted to export 
in the President for account of Nathaniel Lowndes, a factor at Surat, 
foreign bullion to the value of 30Z. on payment of freight. A report is 
read concerning the account of the late EUis Crisp, a factor at Tywan, 
and order given for a copy of the Company's demands to be made to his 
executors of money due from him to the Company. Mr. Legandre re- 
quests some allowance for damaged goods ordered for him but never 
received from Sambrooke, also for impost on some derebauds he bought 
of the Company; order is given for what appears due on the damaged 
goods to be allowed him and also the impost, if it is found that he has 
paid for the same. Thomas Phips to be allowed for some nillaes found 
wanting in a bale he bought. The account of Mr. Hulton, late surgeon 
in the Return, to be settled. A report concerning the dividend of half 
per cent on ginghams is read, and it is resolved to offer the said ginghams 
at the next sale in one lot, and, if they do not sell, then to divide them 
amongst the adventurers, (ij pp.) 

A Court of Committees, February 6, 1678 (Ibid., p. 435). 

Thomas Pretty to be paid in full of his salary as writer at Bantam. 
The owners of the Barnardiston to be paid 2,400/. in part of her freight. 
The Shipping Committee to consider and report on the petitions of 

Charles Aston, Friswith Field, George Cole, and Coyse. Thomas 

Goddard is admitted to the freedom by service. Pepper very much 
damaged to be delivered to the owner of the Loyal Subject and of the 



144 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

Bamardiston, Ralph Rhodes, butcher, and Daniel Deaves, gentleman, 
both of London, are accepted as security in 500?. for Ralph Rhodes, 
Junior, writer, (i p.) 

A Court of Committees, February 8, 1678 {Court Book, vol. xxx, 
p. 436). 

John Buttal of Battersea and Hugh Courtney of London are accepted 
as security in 500Z. for Henry Lambert, writer. The Committee for the 
Calico Warehouse to meet next Tuesday at Leadenhall to price the 
Company’s goods, according to the rate at which they were valued at 
the last sale, all members of the Court are desired to be present. The 
account of the late Nicholas Serle to be reported, and the account de- 
pending between the Company and Mr. Hampson to be adjusted. A 
clause, for insertion in the preamble before the sale, is read, and, after 
some debate it is referred to the warehousekeepers to consider how 
goods exposed to view as samples of those to be sold may be kept in the 
Company’s hands for deciding any differences that may arise on goods 
sold. Salary due to Mr. Hilton to be paid. Benzoin and other drugs 
brought back in the Persia Merchant, but not the pepper, to be put up 
for sale on March 5 next, also some musk now in the warehouse ; and 
the commander of that ship to be desired to send to the Company’s 
house any diamonds, jewels, or other fine goods he has on board, and 
appoint some persons to see them delivered to Mr. Edwin and receive a 
receipt for them. The Shipping Committee to get all men and provisions 
ready to be put aboard the Johanna for St. Helena, ascertain from 
Captains Bendal and Bonnell how forward their vessels are, and see that 
they are hastened, so as to sail with the Surat shipping. The account of 
the late Joseph Ward to be reported, also those of Joseph Margarets, 
Obadiah Seamore, and John Hill, lately belonging to the Flying Eagle, 
and of John Dell, seaman in the Tywan, Order is given for 975 bags of 
saltpetre to be offered for sale, these to be taken in proportion from the 
following ships, viz., the Lancaster, Falcon, Johanna, Eagle, and Surat 
Merchant, with the consent of the Master of the King’s Ordnance, or of 
whomsoever he shall appoint, (if pp,) 

A Court of Committees, February 13, 1678 {Ihid., p. 438). 

The clause drawn up by the Lawsuits Committee for insertion in the 
preamble is considered and several amendments made, then it is 
approved and order given for the preamble to be printed and delivered 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


145 

to the buyers with the other papers for the sale. Captain James Bonnell, 
commander of the Eagle, states that, because of 'several urgent occa- 
sions’ he is not able to go in the present voyage to Bantam, but with 
the consent of the owners he presents Captain Nathaniel Horsman to 
take his place as commander ; the Court having had experience of the 
ability and care of the said Captain, who was formerly in their service, 
approve. A petition is read from Charles Alley,* who went out as 
apprentice with the late Colonel Herman Bake, the Company’s engineer 
at Bombay, praying to be entertained in the Company’s service; here- 
upon he is elected a writer at Bombay at an annual salary of loZ., to start 
from the arrival of this year’s ships; he is to take place next after 
writers sent out this year. Hearing that at Alley’s departure with 
Colonel Bake his friends advanced him 60Z. the Court declare their dis- 
like to any one entertained here to serve them in India taking out an 
apprentice to become their particular servant unless entertained by the 
Company, and direct that henceforth no one is to be allowed to do so, but, 
if they want servants the Court will appoint those they think fit, a clause 
to be put in the general letter to this effect; they also direct that the 
Agent and Council endeavour to procure satisfaction from Colonel 
Bake’s widow or executor for Alley’s support, he having lived with the 
Colonel for a very short time. The request of Captain Jonathan Hide, 
touching stated damages he is charged with on some China roots he 
brought back in the President, is referred for consideration. A bill of 
exchange, drawn by the Agent and Council at Bantam payable to 
Marmaduke Royden and Ralph Cook, is accepted. Norwich stuffs to be 
provided to be sent to India. The price of ginghams to be sold at the 
next sale is decided, (2J pp.) 

Warrant, February 13, 1678 {PuUic Record Office: Entry Book of 
Signed Warrants, p. 66). 

Treasurer of the Navy for 20,oooh by tallies on Mr. Kent^ on the East 
India money: Mr, Kent to repay this money to the East India Company 
with interest out of their customs. 

Warrant from Treasurer Danby to the Customs Cashier, 
February 13, 1678 {Public Record Office: Money Book {General), p. 216). 

To allow to the East India Company principal and interest at the rate 
of 6 per cent on the 20,oooZ. which the said Company are ready to 

* See preceding volume, p. 270* 

* Richard Kent, Customs Cashier and Receiver-General of Excise, 

L 


4372 



146 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

advance for the service of the Navy pursuant to an agreement they 
lately made with the King for lending said 20,000/. in money and 
furnishing the stores with saltpetre to the value of 40,000/. The tally 
for said 20,000/. to be paid out of the customs of East India commodi- 
ties imported or to be imported by them from November i last, to- 
gether with said interest from the time of the loan to the times of the 
respective repayments. As the Company have by their charter six and 
six months time for payment of their customs, allowance is to be made 
to them of rebate or discount of interest for the said time of six and six 
months according to then: charter. 

A Court of Committees, February 15, 1678 {Court Book, vol. xxx, 
p. 440). 

The Court decide that pepper offered at the next sale shall be rated as 
follows, viz., Jambi pepper at per lb., that from Biliapatam at yd. 
per lb. and white pepper at 7/. los. per cwt. Permission is given to 
Obrian Skynner, writer, to export rials to the value of 30/. free of 
freight. The request of Sir Nathaniel Heme to be allowed prompt pay- 
ment on some pepper he bought at the last sale is refused, for fear of 
creating a precedent. Edward Cooke and Robert Beddingfield are 
accepted as security in 1,000/. for George Cooke, factor. A report from 
the Surat Committee touching losses sustained by Randal Taylor, at 
Rajapur, the diSerences between Charles Ward and Mancel Smyth, 
factors, about precedency, and the desires of Mr. Pettit on behalf of his 
brother J ohn Pettit, Deputy Governor of Bombay, is read and approved. 
With regard to the losses sustained by Randal Taylor the Committee 
opine that m the general letter to the President and Council, Randal 
Taylor and his brother Major John Taylor, should be told to advise the 
Court whether the agreement made with Sivaji was only for the Com- 
pany’s concerns or for the estates of all the English in the Factory, if 
the latter, what was the interest of each person, the charge of making 
the agreement and recovery, and what has been received already and 
brought to the Company’s account, so that on receipt of answers to 
these queries the Company may do what is right for all. With regard to 
the difference as to precedency between Charles Ward and Mancel 
Smyth the Committee find that in the general letter to Surat of March 
27, 1668, Ward was ranked before Smyth with a salary of 20/. per 
annum, whereas Smyth only received 15/. per annum, he being enter- 
tained in Surat on the recommendation of Sir George Oxinden, there- 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


147 

fore Ward should have the precedency unless the President and Council 
can show any just cause to the contrary. The Committee, considering 
that Matthew Gray was formerly appointed by the Court to succeed as 
President at Surat and in case of his death Thomas Rolt was to be 
President, and Mr. Gray having died, they think that a successor should 
be appointed in case of the death of Mr. Rolt. With regard to the 
request of Mr. Pettit on behalf of his brother John Pettit, Deputy 
Governor at Bombay, they find that the nomination of an Agent for 
Persia has been by the Court left to the President and Council of Surat, 
this the Committee think should be continued, but suggest that the 
Court should recommend John Pettit for that employment if they find 
hhn qualified for it, and advise them that James Adams is not approved 
of to be Agent in that place. It is resolved in the event of the death or 
removal of Thomas Rolt, who is appointed to succeed Gerald Aungier as 
President, that Caesar Chamberlain shall succeed him, and that a com- 
mission be drawn up impowering Rolt to be Governor of the Port and 
Island of Bombay and Caesar Chamberlain to succeed him in case of his 
death or removal. William Crandal, of whom a satisfactory character 
has been received, is elected to serve as a factor at Bombay at an annual 
salary of 20Z. for five years from the arrival of this year’s shipping, take 
place next to the youngest factors there and be employed in the 
Accountant’s ofi&ce. The Committee for Bantam and the South Seas to 
read the advices received from thence, also what has been written con- 
cerning the Sultan’s broken ordnance that is now being cast into great 
guns, ascertain what more the Sultan desires, with what is mentioned in 
letters received by the last ships and report what they think should be 
done. Advice to be sent to Bantam that the Court intend to send a ship 
to China next September, and that only some fifteen tons of shipping 
are designed for Bantam next year, so no more pepper is to be bought 
than can be paid for with the goods and ready money they have, as 
pepper is so dear there and yields so little here. Michael Godfry to be 
permitted to export for account of Caesar Chamberlain 1,500/. in 
foreign bullion, and Thomas Gray to be permitted to export in the 
Sampson 380 oz. of foreign silver for account of President Aungier, on 
pajment each of one per cent freight. {2\pp,) - 

A Court of Committees, February 20, 1678 (/J/rf., p. 443). 

Permission to be granted to Thomas Papillon to export to the value 
of 300/. in foreign bullion for account of Henry Oxinden, factor at 



148 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

Surat, and to Sir Arthur Ingrain to export 2,225?. for account of Agent 
Thomas Rolt, each to pay one per cent freight and make the usual 
afiirmation. James Palmer to be allowed to ship out foreign bullion to 
the value of 50?., and Reuben White to the value of 15?., freight free. 
Goods in the warehouse bought by the late Mr. Heap to be resold on 
March 5 next by the desire of his executrix. The owners of the Sampson 
to be permitted to ship out foreign bullion to the value of 2,400?. for 
their joint stock, and Captain Chamblet to be permitted to ship out for 
himself and his mariners to the value of 800?., all making the usual 
afhrmation. Certain Committees are desired to consider what restraint 
should be made on the exportation of bullion for account of the Presi- 
dent, Agents, and factors in the Indies, under what limitations, and 
what affirmation should be made. On reading a report from the Ship- 
ping Committee touching Captain Gregory Field, Governor of St. 
Helena, the Court give order for his removal from that employment auid 
for his return by the first shipping that shall go to that island after the 
arrival of the Johanna, The report is to the effect following: The Com- 
mittee on reading letters from St. Helena find many complaints touch- 
ing the ill-living of Captain Field, the present Governor, and that his 
continuance there will prove much to the Company's prejudice, for the 
differences caused are so great as to hinder the prosperity of the island. 
They therefore think it necessary that Captain Field should be removed 
and another Governor sent in the Johanna of * sober life and conversa- 
tion* fit to take the government. The Court, having had a good 
character of the integrity, valour, and prudence of Major John Black- 
more, elect him to be Governor of St. Helena, at an annual salary of 
100?., to begin at his leaving Gravesend, and for encouragement give 
order for 100?. to be given to him to fit himself out with necessaries for 
that employment, and 25?. for provisions for himself, his wife, and such 
of his children as he shall take with him. Mr. Boone to be permitted to 
export no oz. of gold for account of Mancel Smith on payment of one 
per cent freight. Money due to the account of the late Joseph Ward to 
be paid. The Treasury Committee to send the treasure designed for 
Surat and Bantam aboard the respective vessels as soon as they are 
ready to receive it. It is decided that the preamble shall be read each 
day before the sale. Robert and William Harbin, of London are accepted 
as additional security in 500?, for Robert Harbin, factor at Bombay. 
What has been paid in to the Company's cash at Surat upon account of 
Henry Anderson to be ascertained and reported. Captain William Basse 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


149 

to be paid one-quarter part of the freight due for bullion taken out in the 
Williamson and Captain Nathaniel Horsman to be paid for his quarter- 
part of fine goods returned last yearin the Loyal Merchant from Bantam. 
The petition of Ann Peterson to be examined, and the ages of the 
children she desires to take with her to Bombay to be ascertained and 
reported, {zpp.) 

Commission to Major John Blackmore to be Governor of St. 
Helena, February 20, 1678 (Letter Book, voL v, p. 563). 

The Company, in pursuance of the authority granted to them by His 
Majesty's Letters Patents under the Great Seal of England dated 
December 16, 1673,^ whereby they are made and constituted free and 
absolute lords and proprietors of the Island of St. Helena, having dis- 
charged their present Governor, Captain Gregory Field, and ordered 
him to return to England by the first ship that shall present, and having 
special trust and confidence in the fidelity, prudence, justice, and pro- 
vident circumspection of Major John Blackmore, do by these presents 
make, constitute and appoint him to be Governor and Commander-in- 
Chief of the said island in the room of the said Captain Gregory Field, 
and of all and singular the forts, lands, territories, and jurisdictions 
thereof and of aH the forces which now or hereafter shall be employed 
for the service of us the said Governor and Company in the said island, 
and of all the people and inhabitants thereof. Major Blackmore to enter 
upon th^ government of the said island upon the arrival of the ship 
Johanna, now bound thither, and to continue during the Company's 
pleasure, or until the contrary shall be signified under their common 
seal. They also appoint Captain Anthony Beale to be Deputy Governor 
of the said island. Lieutenant Jonathan Tyler, Lieutenant Joshua John- 
son, Richard Swallow, John Greentree and John Colstone to be of 
Council there and to take place in the order named, 'which said Gover- 
nor and CounceU for the time being and in the absence of our Governor 
his Deputy and our said CounceU or any three of them, whereof the 
Governor or his Deputy to be alwaies one, are under us to have and 
exercise the chief command and authority in the said island in all 
matters whatsoever, and unto whome all the people and persons there 
resideing or which hereafter shall reside there, and aU officers and 
soldiers of what quality or condition soever are to give and yield due 


See 1671-3 voltane, p, xviiL 



ISO COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

obedience'. And in case of the death or removal of the said Major John 
Blackmore, the Company have thought fit to ordain and appoint Cap- 
tain Anthony Beale to succeed in the place of Governor of the said 
island, and in case of his death or removal the Company constitute and 
appoint their Council of the said island for the time being, or any three 
or more of them, to be their Chief Commissioners for executing the place 
and ofiice of Governor of the said island in as full and ample manner and 
with the same powers as are hereby granted unto the said Major John 
Blackmore or Captain Anthony Beale, to continue until the contrary 
thereof shall be signified under their common seal. The said Governor 
and Council, in the execution of the power and trust committed to them, 
are to observe the orders and instructions now given and such others as 
they shall hereafter from time to time receive from the Company. ' And 
wee doe hereby require as well all the inhabitants of the said Island as 
alsoe the officers and soldiers entertained in our service to be obedient 
unto you, our said Govemour and Councell, and to be aideing and 
assisting unto you in the execution of the trust and command hereby 
given you. Given under our common seal the day and yeare first above 
written.' 

A Court of Committees, February 22, 1678 (Court Book, vol. xxx, 
P- 445). 

Mrs. Mohun desiring that some part of her husband's salary may be 
paid her towards her maintenance, certain Committees are directed to 
ascertain the state of Mohun's account, and report. A letter and several 
papers from Captain Gregory Field are read, and referred, for considera- 
tion and report, to the Shipping Committee. A report touching ordnance 
to be sent to the Sultan of Bantam is read and approved, it is to the 
following effect, viz., that one of the great guns cast from the Sultan's 
copper pettees be sent, with advice that two were cast, but one broke, 
so another shall be dispatched if it can be procured in time ; also such 
matchlock mudsets as are procurable, and a full supply of powder, with 
what was sent as a present from His Majesty for this year. Permission 
to be granted to three servants of Josia Child to send to Surat in foreign 
bullion 50Z. each, on payment of one per cent freight. The Shipping 
Committee to read the orders made about the wages of men serving in 
the Company’s ships in India, and decide whether all, or only one-third 
part, should be paid to them out there, also what method should be 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


151 

followed in future and how the excessive firing of guns, both on shore 
and in ships, can be restrained; make some necessary rules as to this, 
and report. A report is read about money paid into the Company's cash 
at Surat on account of Captain Anderson and referred, for the value of 
the rupee to be agreed to with his executors and for the balance of his 
account to be adjusted. A report from the Surat Committee for limiting 
the exportation of bullion by the President, Agents, Chiefs, factors, and 
others in the service of the Company is read, in this the Committee opine 
that the President of Surat and the Agent of Fort St. George may have 
hberty to export yearly 2,oooZ.; the Agent in Persia, the Deputy- 
Governor of Bombay, the Chief in the Bay of Bengal, the Chief at 
Masulipatam and all of the General Council of Surat and the Fort, be 
allowed to export annually i,oooZ. ; all Chiefs of other Factories 500Z., 
senior merchants in the Company’s service 400Z. ; all merchants in the 
Company's employ £300, all factors in the Company's service 200Z., and 
all writers lOoL ; all to pay one per cent permission as freemen, provided 
they satisfy the President, Agent, or Chief that they intend to remit 
goods or effects to procure the bullion they desire, state to whom these 
are to be dispatched and have them entered in the register sent to the 
Company; no prohibited goods to be sent and every one to take oath 
that all is to be laden by the order and for the account of those to whom 
the goods are sent. The report is approved. The Committees to whom 
the business of William GyfEord was referred report that they find he had 
some interest in the private trade of calicoes from Bantam to Tonquin ; 
GyfEord is called in and states he thought this was permitted by the 
Company's indulgence, he refers himself wholly to the Court who on 
consideration that his trading was before the prohibition of 1671 and his 
only neglect was in not registering the same according to order, and in 
regard of his great sufferings by the war when he was in the Company’s 
service at Tonquin, remit the stated damages due on the said calicoes 
and give order for his account of salary to be made up to the time of his 
coming from Bantam. (2lpp,) 

A Court of Committees, February 22, 1678 [afternoon] {Ibid., 
P- 447 )- 

William Lawrence of Shumton, Gloucesterdme, and George Hocken- 
hnll, merchant of Hackney, are accepted as security in i.oool. for Isaac 
Lawrence, factor at Surat. (J p.) 



152 COURT MINUTES. ETC., OF THE 

Charles Bertie to the Speaker of the House of Commons 
(Edward Seymour in his capacity as Treasurer of the Navy), 
February 25, 1678 (Public Record Office: Out Letters (General), p. 225). 

To direct the payment of Sir Thomas Clutterhuck’s bill of imprest for 
a third of this year’s declaration for victualling His Majesty’s ships in 
the Mediterranean; directing the same ‘out of the money which shall 
come to your hands of the East India Company’s loan and pa5nnents on 
their customs bonds’. 

A Court of Committees, February 27, 1678 (Court Book, vol. xxx, 
p. 448). 

Order is given for James Bridger, chosen as a factor at Bombay, to 
take place next to those factors who were at Surat or Bombay when he 
was first employed in the Company's service. George Stringer, a soldier 
at Bombay, son of Captain Robert Stringer, late Governor of St. Helena, 
to be entertained as a writer at Bombay if there is occasion for one, or 
given such other employment as he is found capable of. Mr. Lamb to 
be allowed to ship out some tobacco encased in lead to Mrs. Shaxton at 
Bombay. Daniel Faringdon is admitted to the freedom by redemption. 
Captain John Slade, presented by the owners of the Unicorn to com- 
mand that ship in place of Captain Richard Burley who is disabled by 
indisposition, is approved of by the Court. One of the Secretaries of 
State to be approached for securing an order for eighty soldiers to rein- 
force Bombay and St, Helena. Signor Alvaro Perez to be permitted 
with his one servant to take passage in one of the Company's ships 
bound for Surat on paying the charges. Payment to be made to William 
Gyfford, and to the executors of Captain Anderson, John Blenkesop and 
James Butler to be allowed to ship out to the value of 50Z. and 20I, 
respectively in pieces of eight free of freight. James K3^win is permitted 
to export to the value of 200I, in foreign bullion for account of Bartholo- 
mew Harris on paying freight and making the required afifirmation. 
Samuel Annesley is elected a factor to serve at Bombay at an annual 
salary of 20L to begin from the time of his arrival there, (i p.) 

Thomas Holden at Falmouth to Sir Joseph Williamson, 
February 28, 1678 {PuUio Record Office: S,P. Dorn,, Car. II. 401, 
no. 195). 

• . . Yesterday came in here the East India Merchant of London in 
five months from the East Indies, loaden with pepper bound for Lon- 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


153 


don. They set sail out of the Downs March last. They report that all 
English commodities at Bantam are very cheap. They have an elephant 
on board. 

A Court of Committees, March i, 1678 {Court Book, voL xxx, 
p. 449). 

The owners of the Persia Merchant to be paid 2,000?. in part of her 
freight and demurrage. Captain William Bowers offers the said ship for 
further service. John Vananar is admitted to the freedom by patri- 
mony. The request of Mr. Loyd for allowance on damaged calicoes is 
referred for examination. The commanders of the Surat and Bantam 
ships take leave of the Court. Papers exhibited in court containing the 
differences between the books of Bantam and those of Tonqmn are 
referred to the Committee for the Bantam and South Sea Factories to 
consider and report what they think fit to be done, and the Surat Com- 
mittee are also desired to consider and report on a paper delivered in by 
William Eleex, an engraver, containing certain propositions he puts 
forward. Ann Harris, widow of Highgate, and James Kywin of 
London are accepted as additional security in 500?. for Bartholomew 
Harris, factor. A report is read touching the account of Richard Mohun 
by which it appears that 203?. 9s, 8i. is'due to him for salary, whereupon 
order is given for 100?. of it to be given to his wife, Mary Mohim, for her 
present relief. The account of Tweedy Crowther is read, by which it 
appears that he is indebted to the Company 730?., he is called m, but 
making some objections, the said account is referred for examination 
and report to the Accounts Committee who are to seek the advice of 
Moses in the matter. Joshua Johnson to be entertained to serve the 
Company as a Lieutenant at St. Helena in one of the Foot Companies 
at 40s. per month, to begin from his leaving Gravesend, he is also to be 
admitted as one of Coxmdl on the Mand, and for his encouragement to 
be given thirty acres of land and three cows, one negro servant and one 
white servant, the latter to be mustered as a soldier, and 20/. to be 
allowed him, Johnson, for provisions for his voyage. Captain Jonathan 
Hyde to be permitted to export for himself and the oiBBLcers of the 
President to the value of 800?. in foreign bullion, and the owners of the 
Unicorn to be allowed to export 400?. on accoxmt of their joint stock, 
and the commander. Captain Slade, 600Z. for himself and his officers. 
Order is given for the objections prepared by the Accountant and 
Auditor to the accounts of Surat and the subordinate factories to be 



154 


COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 


transmitted to the President and Council. The Shipping Committee to 
consider and report on the sufferings of William Pyke, a sailor in the 
Loyal Subject who was injured by gunpowder when sent ashore at 
Bantam to guard the Company's house. The Court, after reading a 
report from the Shipping Committee, give order that whosoever shall 
be Judge of the Island of Bombay, now or in the future, shall take place 
as fourth in Council, and that advice be sent to the President and 
Council at Surat to give Thomas Nichols, the present Judge, preference 
accordingly, and, though of Council, he or whosoever is Judge is to apply 
himself solely to the performance of his office as Judge and not concern 
himself in any mercantile affairs. That four months' pay a year is to be 
given to such seamen as have been entertained in England to serve in 
the Company's ships in the Indies during their stay there, and two 
months of their pay given to their relations in England according to the 
former custom, this to be advised to Surat, the Coast, the Bay, and 
Bantam ; this practice to begin at the dates of the first new books in the 
several factories. With regard to the excessive firing of guns, it is 
ordered that, on arrival of ships before the Fort at Bombay, Fort St. 
George, and St. Helena, each vessel shall salute the Fort with five guns 
and the Forts answer with three guns only, and that they be told to 
forbear shooting at ' healths ' in aU the said ships and Forts. Permission 
is given to William Hewer to ship in the Sampson to the value of 50Z. in 
pieces of eight paying one per cent freight, to Mr. Canham to export 
250 dollars, part of the 500 formerly ordered for John White at Bantam, 
and to Dr, King to send to his son James at Surat 200^. in foreign 
bullion. {2pp,) 

A Court of Committees, March 4, 1678 {Court Book, vol. xxx, 
P- 451 )- 

The Lawsuits and Debts Committee to report the case of all who have 
bought goods of the Company, not received them from the warehouse, 
but sold them to Sambrooke ; if necessary the said Committee is to take 
the advice of Counsel in the matter. Notice to be given that the silk is 
exposed to sale ‘ with all faults '. Quilts formerly bought by Mr. Doughty 
to be priced and resold at the Company's candle. William Gyfford, by 
a report now read, is exonerated from blame concerning the want of 
pepper at Tonquin, and order is given for salary due to him to be paid. 
Sir Henry Dacres is to prove that pepper was charged for at Bantam 
on board the Zante Frigate, as he charged Tonquin factory with, or else 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


155 

make it good to the Company. Some damaged pepper and green ginger 
to be delivered to the owners of the Persia MerchanL The following men 
are accepted as security in 250Z. each for Samuel Annesley, Junior, a 
factor, viz., Francis Townley, Stephen Thomly, Thomas Hartley, 
George Grove, and Dr. Samuel Annesley, the last-named being bound 
in each bond. The following permissions are given: to Paul Petit to 
export for account of Thomas Petit at Bombay 50Z. in foreign bullion 
paying one per cent freight ; to Benjamin Aleyn, writer, to export in the 
President 50L in rials of eight, and to Peter Juryn, writer, to the value 
of loZ. in pieces of eight, both free of freight ; and to Sir Nathaniel Heme 
to export in the Eagle 2,500 pieces of eight for account of Abel Payn at 
Bantam pa37ing one per cent freight, 

A General Court of Sales, March 5-7, 1678 {Ibid,, p. 453). 

Sale of cotton yam, Jambi and Java pepper, scummings of pepper, 
white pepper, coffee, tincal, Lahore indigo, flat and round indigo, aloes 
hepatica and aloes socatrina, olibanum, sal-ammoniac, spikenard, green 
ginger, stick-lac, turmerick, saltpetre, cowries, benzoin, suedes galingal, 
longcloth brown and blue, salampores, parcallaes, morees, ginghams, 
bettellees, neckcloths, allejaes, sannoes, humhums, niUaes, muhnuls, 
cassaes, datta cassaes, sheets, romals, shallowes, taffetas, izarees, silk, 
Tonquin silk, musk, quilts, chintz broad and narrow, chintz kaddy, 
chintz serungee, tapseils broad, Guinea stuffs, brawles, pautkaes brown 
and white, dungarees, derebauds, baftas broad and narrow, blue and 
white, sovaguzees, Pavandam gobars,^ serassa gobars, Rotabandam 
gobars, Serassa malays,* committers, pelongs, luawha, raw and white 
pelongs, black baas, with prices and names of purchasers. (17 pp,) 

Warrant from Treasurer Danby to the Customs Commissioners, 
March 7, 1678 {Public Record Office: Out Letters {Customs), iv, p. 24). 

To permit the export to India, customs free, of some guns which the 
East India Company desire to ship for Bantam, viz., six guns weighing 
about 50 cwt. each and made of a certain mixed metal sent from the 
King of Bantam to the said Company to be cast in guns as aforesaid, the 
said Company having paid the duty for the metal at its importation. 

A Court of Committees, March 8, 1678 [Court Book, vol. xxx, 

p- 471)- 

The Court order that from henceforth the Carder-General is not to 
* Gebax, coarse sheeting. * Malay piece goods. 



156 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

give a certificate for any money paid on account for calicoes bought of 
the Company, except for a whole bale. It being the declared sense of the 
Court that children, both male and female, of freemen adventurers are 
to enjoy the benefit of their freedom in this Company, and a request 
being made that Lady Elizabeth Hooke, who had an adventure in the 
name of William Ashurst, might have it transferred to her in her own 
name, the Court grant this. Permissions are granted as follows: to Sir 
Nathaniel Heme to ship in the Eagle 500 rials of eight for account of 
Abel Payne paying one per cent freight ; to George Cooke, factor, to 
export 150Z. in foreign bullion, to Samuel Annesley, factor, to export 
50?. in foreign bullion and to Robert Goldsborough, writer, to export 
200I, in foreign bullion, all free of freight. Seignor Alvaro Perez to be 
allowed to take out a second servant with him on paying the cost, all 
three are to take passage in the Unicorn. A letter from His Majesty's 
principal Secretary of State about the transportation of two Portuguese 
gentlemen in the Company's shipping for India is read and Sir John 
Banks is desired to wait on Mr. Secretary and inform him of the Court's 
debate on the subject. Andrew Harbin, silkman of London, is accepted 
as an additional security for Robert Harbin, factor at Bombay, in the 
place of William Harbin. On consideration of the Company's affairs at 
Bantam, as well in reference to Abel Payn as to the ships to be employed 
in the trade to China, etc., Sir Nathaniel Herne is to be desired to draw 
up some clauses to be added to the general letter concerning these 
matters, in accordance with the sense of this debate. Sir John Robinson 
to be allowed to export for accoimt of William Swinnock, factor, to the 
value of $oL in foreign bullion paying one per cent freight and making 
the usual declaration. John Denham, a London merchant, is accepted 
as security in place of George Grove for Samuel Annesley, factor. 
Joshua Johnson now bound for St. Helena to be advanced loL of his 
salary as lieutenant in one of the Foot companies on that island. The 
account of Henry Thomson who died at Surat to be reported. The 
Surat Committee to meet to consider what alterations or amendments 
should be made in the commission now drawn up for the Governor, etc. 
of Bombay. The owners of the Johanna to be paid 2,024/. 19s. in full of 
her freight for the last voyage and aU other demands. A request for 
Mr. Buckler to be allowed prompt payment for money paid for saltpetre 
he bought is referred for the Husband to state what has been done 
about it, 

^ la the list of wairaats signed is one for 20,000/. *made paid in cash*. 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


157 

Sir Joseph Williamson to Sir William Thompson, Whitehall, 
March ii, 1678 {Public Record Office: S.P, Dorn,, Entry Book 43, p. 193). 

His Majesty has been acquainted with what the Committee have 
answered by Sir John Banks in the matter of the two Portuguese recom- 
mended by him, at the Queen’s desire, for a passage in your outward- 
bound ships, and commands me to let you know he is sensible it might 
be of inconvenience to the Company should they allow ordinarily or 
easily strangers, I mean any that are not in the Company’s service, to 
have passage to India on board their ships, and you will remember how 
much the King has heretofore on occasion supported the Company on 
this point against very pressing and powerful solicitations. But on the 
other hand, this being a case in which the Queen concerns herself so 
much, and these two persons being certainly not merchants or dealers 
in any kind in trade, the King would be very glad if the Queen’s desire 
were complied with, being but one single case, which he will not allow 
to be drawn into precedent for the future to the prejudice of the 
Company. 

A Court of Committees, March 13, 1678 {Court Book, vol. xxx, 
P- 473)- 

Messrs. Short and Box, with others who bought benzoin at the last 
sale, now ask for a greater allowance of tares than was mentioned in the 
printed papers for the sale; they are told that they had what was 
agreed to, but if they are dissatisfied they can leave all they bought on 
the Company’s hands and be repaid their money. The commander of 
the Johanna to be permitted to ship to the value of 800Z. in foreign 
bullion for himself, his officers and crew, free of freight. Sir Nathaniel 
Heme, as soon as the Company’s ships are at the Hope, to ask Secretary 
Pepys to obtain leave from the King for a convoy to be appointed to see 
them safe through the Channel. William Winder is entertained as a 
writer for India at an annual salary of xoL for seven years, and Sir 
Henry Tulse and WiUiam Lewin, a London Haberdasher, are accepted 
as his security in 500Z. Mr. Buckler's request for allowance of prompt 
payment on saltpetre he bought is considered, and the Court direct that 
he be paid interest for his money at five per cent from December to the 
time when the saltpetre was delivered to him. (ij pp)} 

^ In the list of warrants signed is one for 20,476/. 17$, lod, *to be made paid in cash for 
gold, etc.* 



158 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

A Court of Committees, March 15, 1678 {Court Book, vol. xxx, 

P* 474)- 

The owners of the P&rsia Merchant to be paid 3,200?. in part of freight 
and demurrage. The Court, being told by Lord Berkeley that the said 
ship has been taken for the King’s service, and His Lordship moving 
that this may be no hindrance to her future employment by the Com- 
pany, they declare that any ships that have served the Company and 
shall be imprested into the King’s service shall, upon their discharge, 
have the same order in the Company’s service as formerly. Basil Heme, 
the Company’s attorney, to be paid for law charges. Mr. Denew asking 
for a greater allowance of tare upon some benzoin bought at the last 
sale, he is told of the answer given to Mr. Short and others who made a 
like request, on this he refers himself to the Court who direct that the 
matter be referred to the Auditor, and that Moses also be consulted. 
Captain Hopeful Bendal to be given a warrant for one-quarter of the 
permission money for jewels, etc., shipped out and returned in the 
Johanna the last voyage, John Petit, Henry Oxinden, and John Child 
are appointed to be of Council at Surat, their names to be inserted in the 
commission for Bombay, and, should any vacancy occur in the Bombay 
Council, this shall be supplied by senior merchants in order of seniority. 
Advice to be sent in the general letter to the Governor and Council of 
St. Helena that, if Captains Chamblet, Hide, and Basse shall meet there 
on their return from India, Captain Chamblet is to carry the flag as 
Admiral, Captain Hide as Vice-Admiral, and Captain Basse as Rear- 
Admiral. A Commission for governing the Port and Island of Bombay 
is read, to which the Treasury Committee are desired to affix the Com- 
pany’s larger seal, (i p.) 

The Company to the Governor and Council at St. Helena, 
March 15, 1678 (Letter Book, vol. v, p. 564). 

Stating that they have discharged Captain Gregory Field from the 
post of Governor at St. Helena and appointed Major John Blackmore to 
succeed him, by a commission bearing date February 20, 1678. Major 
Blackmore will arrive at the island in the Johanna, now bound thither, 
when he will enter upon his government. That all affairs in the island 
may, by the blessing of God, prosper, the Company desire the Lord’s 
Day to be religiously observed throughout the island, and that all the 
inhabitants abstain from bodily labour and secular employment and 
from all unlawful sports and pastimes, the Governor and Council to 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


159 

appoint some convenient public place where all may resort on that day 
to join in the solemn exercise of religious duties. The Governor and 
Council to encourage, by their presence and practice, the minister in the 
discharge of his duty, and the people in their attendance at the ordi- 
nances of God. They are to take care that all swearing or taking the name 
of God in vain is carefully avoided, also all intemperance, fornication, 
drunkenness, imcleanness, and unlawful gaming. Any persons commit- 
ting any of these crimes to be punished according to the laws of England 
and the judgment of the Governor and Council. On arriving at St. 
Helena Blackmore is to receive from the commander of the Johanna 
all the ammunition, arms, stores, victuals, and other provisions and 
necessaries mentioned in the bill of lading and invoice, and cause them 
to be safely landed and housed under the charge of Captain Anthony 
Beale, the Company’s Husband and Storekeeper, that they may be kept 
from damage, waste, and embezzlement. Beale is to renoit an exact 
account not only of what is now sent, but also of what has been sent 
formerly or received from time to time, in a book showing debtor and 
creditor and how each store, especially provisions, has been expended. 
In case of the death of Captain Beale, the Governor and Council are to 
appoint another in his room until further order from the Company. 
They are to use great circumspection in the disposing of aU stores and 
provisions, none to be issued out without warrant under the hand of the 
Governor and two or three of Council. Provisions to be equally dis- 
tributed to the soldiers for their maintenance and encouragement, and 
to the planters according to the first constitution, viz., to allow them 
victuals from the stores for the first nine months, if their plantations 
cannot before then supply them with food. But afterwards aU stores 
are to be delivered to the planters at the same rates they paid formerly, 
although bread and beef are dearer now; yet for their encouragement 
the price is not to be altered; all other goods to be charged as they are 
rated in the invoice. The Governor and Council are to supervise the 
accounts of the stores every three months. Clothes or other stores de- 
livered out to the soldiers or planters to be charged at the invoice rates 
and a yearly copy of such accounts remitted to the Company, They 
have sent out by the Johanna 879 Mexico and Seville pieces of eight in 
half and quarter pieces, to be placed in the care of Captain Beale and 
issued out by him at the rate of 5s. per piece of eight for paying the 
soldiers,, according to a warrant from the Governor and Council, in 
which regard must be had to the allowance for clothes and other things. 



i6o COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

When their occasions require more shall be sent, but no bills of exchange 
are to be drawn on the Company. All soldiers on the island, and those 
now going, to be reduced to two companies, the Governor to be Captain 
of one and Captain Anthony Beale of the other, Jonathan Tyler and 
Joshua Johnson to be lieutenants. The Governor and Council to appoint 
ensigns and serjeants for the said two companies and cause all planters 
to be formed into companies, appoint officers to exercise them every two 
months at least, that they may be the better able to defend themselves 
and the island from any enemy. The ^inferiour officers' and soldiers to 
be exercised frequently, according to the practice of military discipline, 
and so become expert in the handling of arms, and be kept constantly 
on the watch and to their duty whilst in the Company's pay. Several 
planters have been entertained lately to help guard the island, how 
many should be kept on with those now sent is left to the discretion of 
Major Blackmore, who is to see that the best care possible is taken to 
secure all avenues and passages from assault, more especially the 
avenues in Lemon Valley. At the same time care must be taken to avoid 
all unnecessary charges because all planters are bound by the tenure of 
their land at the Governor's command to bear arms and observe orders 
for the defence of the island. On his arrival Blackmore is to inspect the 
forts, and other places already fortified on the island, strengthen them 
with sufficient platforms where necessary, and fortify any place likely 
to be easy of approach by an enemy. For this purpose materials have 
been sent, of which great care is to be taken, as also of the arms, 
ammunition, guns, etc., already on the island, and all to be stored in 
convenient places, and the magazines to be provided with provisions so 
that the guards are not obliged to quit their posts to obtain them. The 
chief magazine is to be kept and saiely guarded about the centre of the 
island, because it will be easy from thence to supply the rest. To avoid 
consumption of powder, not more than three guns are to be returned to 
the salute of any ship arriving at the island, none to be shot 'at healths 
or other needless actions' and an exact account kept of the cost of all 
powder and when used remitted to the Company yearly. They have 
sent several fruit-trees, vines, and some seeds that when the Company's 
plantation is sufficiently furnished the remainder may be distributed 
gratis to those who are most diligent and industrious in looking after 
their plantations. If any planters use great skill and care in the planting 
and production of sugar-canes, indigo, cotton wool, or any other com- 
modity, and by their work produce more than they can dispose of 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


i6i 

advantageously, the Company will take this surplus and allow them the 
usual price. Every encouragement is to be given to the inhabitants in 
planting, and experienced persons to be appointed to advise those who 
are ignorant in this way. For the encouragement of artificers and work- 
men employed on the island and to avoid disputes, the following wages 
are to be paid, viz., to every master workman the value of one shilling 
a day, and to every servant or labourer a day, and so in proportion 
for part of a day, this to be paid either in necessaries from the stores or 
in ready money by warrant under the hand of the Governor and Council 
directed to the Husband, Captain Beale. That the wiadward part of 
the island may be planted as well as any other, those who think fit to 
settle there are to be allowed a double portion of land, but not to exceed 
to each family 'forty acres rough and plaine'. All plantations to be 
conveniently joined that the planters may the better relieve and succour 
one another. The 'paper* the Company formerly issued to encourage 
persons to go out and plant in the island they now confirm, and ratify 
the conditions contained in it. They again require that all planters shall 
be exercised and trained in the use of arms and listed under one or other 
of the commanders, or such other officers as are appointed, to qualify 
them for the defence of the island, and that particular places are to be 
assigned by the Governor where all the planters may repair for a ' Ran- 
devouse* when wanted by the Governor. Yet the planters are not to 
keep constant watch as soldiers, except in time of danger, but at the 
approach of any shipping or upon the discovery of an enemy or any 
general alarm they are to repair to the several posts appointed for them, 
and observe such orders as their respective officers shall give for the 
safety and defence of the island, it being one of the conditions on which 
they were granted land and other accommodations. Any inhabitant 
desiring to build a house in any valley, the ground shall be set out and 
allotted by the Governor, all houses are to be built regularly and in good 
order for defence, above each of the fortifications made in any valley, 
and no house to be built between the Fort and the sea. On the arrival of 
any of the Company’s ships a free market is to be appointed and kept in 
the most convenient place for accommodation both of the inhabitants 
and the mariners. The inhabitants axe not to board any ship without 
leave from the Governor. The Company formerly advised that land 
allotted to any planters is to be conveyed to them, their heirs, and assigns 
for ever, under the Company*s common seal; they now confirm this 
order and require its punctual obedience under the conditions and 

4372 M 



i 62 


COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

proviso formerly laid down, viz., that they perform all suit and service 
appointed for the inhabitants and planters to do from time to time, with 
the proviso that none shall have power to sell or alienate their respec- 
tive lands or plantations unless they or their heirs shall have lived and 
tried to improve it for seven years. A register is to be kept of lands 
given, set over, and allotted to any planter at his first arrival, or when 
any soldier shall turn planter, A register is also to be kept of all sales, 
alienations, and conveyance of estates, houses, plantations, etc., one to 
another after the time aforesaid has expired, and no sale or conveyance 
to be allowed unless registered, a duplicate of these to be sent to Eng- 
land yearly so that aU cavils, deceits, or fraudulent dealings may be 
prevented. The Minister for the time being is to keep a register of all 
marriages, christenings, and burials on the island, and an account of all 
soldiers who have turned planters is to be sent, that the time when their 
pay ceased may plainly appear. Married men to be told that, if they 
desire their wives and children to come out to them, these shall be sent, 
passage free. Any soldier after having served on the island five years 
may be given leave to return to England, passage free. Care is to be 
taken that no man having a wife living in England or any other place is 
allowed to marry another woman on the island. For the improvement 
of the Company's plantation the several negroes on the island may be 
employed in the planting of the fruit-trees and seeds now sent, and care 
is to be taken for providing the Company's table with food and other 
necessaries, that when the ships arrive there may be sufi&cient of the 
fruit, herbs, and fresh provisions which the island affords. No grant of 
land is to be made too near to the Company's to inconvenience it in any 
way, and e^ecial directions are to be given and care taken for the 
increase of their stock of cattle both great and small. The direction and 
produce of the Company's plantation to be at the disposal of the 
Governor of the island for the supply of a public table for himself and 
those appointed to diet with him, viz., the Husband, Captain Anthony 
Beale, the Minister, the two Lieutenants, the surgeons, and other ofidcers 
and servants in the Company's employ; also commanders of ships and 
chief mates when they arrive at the island. Due care to be taken of sick 
persons belonging to the ships whilst they stay there. The Minister 
entertained by the Company and now living on the island is to preach 
every Srmday, catechize the young people and the children of the 
negroes at convenient times, for which he is to receive $oL a year, 25Z. 
yearly for teaching, and another 25L yearly as a gratuity 'if he shall be 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


163 

found painfuU and deserving'. He is to dine, etc., at the public table 
and have a plantation if he wishes one. All negroes, bond or free, living 
on the island who profess the Christian faith and are thought fit by the 
Governor, Council, and Minister to be baptized, shall, after seven years, 
be free planters and enjoy the privileges of other planters with regard to 
land and cattle. The Company have entertained a gunner to take care 
of the fort at the watering place and other places for the better fitting 
of aH the great guns for defence ; others are to be appointed under him 
as shah be found necessary. In order that the planters' land may be 
confirmed to them legaUy, the Governor and Council are to transmit to 
the Company a particular account of each plantation with the name of 
the proprietor and the ground and land ahotted to him, with an exact 
description of it, that each proprietor may have his land conveyed to 
him and his heirs under the common seal of the Company ; this shah be 
returned for the use of those concerned. That the island may prosper 
and flourish the Company order that everything here rehearsed and 
anything else that may fah out acddentahy is to be considered for the 
improvement and weHare of the inhabitants of the island, with the 
advice and consent of the major part of the Council, ah commanders of 
the Company's ships, while in the Road, to give their advice, but not to 
have any vote in deciding any difference that may arise. The Company 
expect an account of ah their affairs from the Governor and Council to 
whom they have entrusted them. They reconunend to them the practice 
of true religion, virtue, justice, and ah honest and good converse, that 
none may receive wrong, but ah, upon just complaint, be afforded not 
only a hearing but have justice administered, that the good may be 
encouraged and the evil, for their crimes, punished, and peace and 
quietness preserved. The Company's last letter to the island, dated 
April 6, 1677, was sent by the Golden Fleece, since which they have 
received several from them, the last by the East India Merchant who 
came into the river the 14th instant; by this they understand some 
differences have arisen among them, this they earnestly desire them to 
prevent and take care that where wrong has been done justice is 
executed. The sawyer, they complain, intends to go home because his 
wife is not with him; his said wife has been offered a free passage out, but 
refuses to go. The sum of 3/. is to be charged to the accoimt of Robert 
.Ball, it having been paid to his wife from his wages, to fit her for the 
voyage to hhn. The Company have entertained Joshua Johnson to 
‘.serve on the island as a lieutenant at 40s. a month, he is to have thirty 



i64 court minutes, ETC., OF THE 

acres of land for a plantation 'rough and smooth', one servant to have 
pay and diet and be mustered as a soldier, one negro, and four cows. A 
small chyrurgeon's chest is also sent, but no chyrurgeon, but when the 
Company's ships return they must endeavour to treat with one, as Mr. 
Moore, the present surgeon, desires to return home. His successor is to 
be allowed the same wages and privileges as Mr. Moore has. A rat- 
catcher has also been sent and stuff to destroy the vermin, and they are 
desired to make use of both. Shipped in the Johanna are fifty 'dram 
deales' to make the bread-, coal-, and powder-rooms, these are to be 
landed for the Company’s use. The Company will allow no pay to any 
soldier but those they entertain in England or to those who on extra- 
ordinary occasions are taken into pay by the Governor and Council on 
the island, but no boys are to be enlisted as soldiers before they are able 
to discharge the duties, and all soldiers, when their time of service is up, 
are to be allowed to return home, passage free. The Company hope that 
the Carmania goats they wrote for to Persia have arrived; they are to be 
kept carefully and apart from other cattle and an account sent how they 
thrive and whether the wool answers expectation. They have advised 
Surat to send some hard soap to the island, about five or six cwt. yearly, 
this is to be equally distributed to the planters and others at the in- 
voiced price. If their homeward-bound ships from Surat and the Coast 
meet at the island, to prevent dispute the Company appoint Captain 
Chamblet to be Admiral, Captain Hide to be Vice-Admiral, and Captain 
Basse Rear-Admiral, all others that sail from the island to rank them- 
selves according to seniority; this is to be told the commanders. The 
time being 'troublesome and dangerous’ they enjoin them to use more 
than ordinary care m their watches, especially when there are strange 
ships in the Road, allow none to come ashore armed, and only a few at 
a time unarmed, keep a sentry constantly on the hills to look out that 
none may surprise them unawares, so that if an enemy should make an 
attempt they will find them ready to defend themselves and to do their 
utmost for the preservation of the island. They have received an 
accoimt from Captain Anthony Beale of which they do not approve, as 
no particulars are given nor the times when he received or paid any of 
the money stated. They want the last year's books of accounts, and 
desire them to put one folio only on each leaf and to be more careful in 
sending particular accounts of moneys and stores expenses yearly. The 
Mary has arrived safely, by her they received their letter of December 
31 last, and now by the Johanna have sent them a large supply of all 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


165 

provisions and stores, and written to the President and Council of Surat 
that from there and from the Coast and Bay annually some rice and 
paddy is to be sent. Captain Field to be in the Council while he remains 
on the island, and his salary continued until he takes passage for 
England, which he is to do by the next shipping. Appended are directions 
for setting the plants. On the arrival of Captain Bendal the chests in 
which are the Company’s plants are to be taken ashore and the plants 
planted out in a piece of ground prepared on purpose by being well dug 
and picked clear from all kinds of grass, weeds, roots, or greens what- 
soever. The plants to be set in rows i J foot distant every way, so to 
stand without removal to shoot and grow until they bear fruit, after 
which the Governor may remove and distribute them for further in- 
crease as he sees cause. But these, as others before, will miscarry if 
three particulars are not precisely observed viz., i. Constant watering 
in the evening, so much as to keep the ground moist, but not over wet 
to rot the roots. 2. Constant hoeing to keep the plants free from weeds, 
and the ground all bare about them. 3. They must be set in a well- 
fenced place, the doors always kept shut so that no cattle, goats, sheep, 
etc., can come in and bite or browse on them.- AU stone fruit they may 
increase from the stones; codlings, gooseberries, etc. from cuttings. 
Three of Meagres^ Books, for directions, are sent. {^\pp-) 

The Company to Captain Samuel Chamblet, March 15, 1678 
{Letter Book, vol. v, p. 553). 

They have freighted his ship the Sampson, the President, commanded 
by Captain Jonathan Hide, and the Unicorn, comm^ded by Captain 
John Slade, all three intended for Bombay, Surat, etc.; also the 
Johanna, commanded by Captain Hopeful Bendall, and the Eagle^ 
commanded by Captain Nathaniel Horsman, intended for Bantam, who 
axe to sail with the Sampson out of the Channel and keep company to- 
gether as long as possible. Urge him to get into the Downs and from 
there take the first opportunity of plying his voyage to Bombay, If 
detained by contrary winds on the English coast, and so has a long 
passage to St. lago, he is to make the best of his way thence, even if he 
has to sail alone, and, if when near the Cape it is too late to go within 
St. Lawrence then to sail without, which at this season is the shorter 
passage. If he touches at Johanna he is to take in what heavy stones 
he can, lest there be no kentledge at Surat, but if there is he can put 

* Leonard Meager, gardener {Diet, Nat, Btog.), 



i66 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

them out. They appoint his ship to wear the flag, Hide to be Vice- 
Admiral and Bendall Rear-Admiral. On arriving at Bombay he is to 
land the soldiers, passengers, and the goods designed for that place, then 
sail to Surat and deliver the Company’s packet to the President and 
Council and follow their directions for his future disposal and return for 
England, which they have been told to hasten as much as possible. 
Give the usual orders as to keeping company for mutual defence, etc. 
Direct him to help, if required, the Agent, and Council, factors and 
others at any place he goes to, both for their safety and in order to 
procure lading for his ship ; to see that the passengers have their pro- 
portion of provisions in due order, and if ill that they be well looked 
after. Letters of like tenor to Captains Hide and Slade, (i^ pp,) 

The Company to Captain Nathaniel Horsman, March 15, 1678 
{Letter Book, vol. v, p. 560). 

They have freighted his ship the Eagle for a voyage to the Indies, and 
order him to do his utmost to get her into the Downs and at the first 
opportunity proceed to Bantam keeping Company with Captain Chamb- 
let and others of the ships bound for Surat as far as St, lago. On arriving 
at Bantam he is to follow the orders and directions given by the Agent 
and Council there. He is given the usual orders concerning keeping his 
vessel in a good posture of defence, sailing to the westward of the 
Madeiras to avoid the Turks and other pirates, keeping company with 
those of the Company’s ships he shall find at St, Helena and obeying the 
proclamation of the King about wearing the English flag and ensign 
only, going to and returning from St. Helena, (f p,) 

The Company to Captain Hopeful Bendal, March 15, 1678 
{Ihid., p. 560). 

They have freighted his ship the Johanna for a voyage to St. Helena 
and thence to Bantam and order him on receiving their letters to the 
Governor of St. Helena and to the Agent and Council of Bantam to take 
the first opportunity of getting into the Downs and plying his voyage to 
St. Helena in company with Captain Chamblet and the other Surat 
ships. They appoint him Rear-Admiral and order him on arriving at 
St. Helena to put adiore the goods designed for that place according to 
the directions of the Governor and Council, then to sail for Bantam and 
deliver the Company’s letters to the Agent and Council with such 
bullion and goods as are sent to them and follow their orders and direc- 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


167 

tions given to him for his dispatch for England which is to be hastened 
as much as possible. After being given the customary orders Bendall is 
told that Major John Blackmore has been entertained as Governor of 
St. Helena and is to take passage in the Johanna and be treated with aU 
due respect. He is also directed to take care of the passengers and if any 
are ill have them well looked after, (i p,) 

The Company to Messrs. Balle and Gosfright, March 15, 1678 
{lUi,, p. 562). 

Acknowledge the receipt of several letters from them up to February 
25 last, also an account of their coral business. Are sorry at the loss of 
what was laden in the Madeira Merchant, and pray that what has been 
sent since may arrive safely. Their account shall be examined, and if 
any error shall be found they shall be informed. Note that nothing 
more can be done about bu3dng ounce coral, so desire them to forbear 
attempting it 'in these troublesome times’ until further order. (J p.) 

The Company to Captain Samuel Chamblet, March 20, 1678 
{IbU., p. 555). 

Because of 'the uncertaine times’ he and the rest of the commanders 
of the Company’s ships in the Downs are to put themselves in a good 
posture of defence in case they shall meet with an enemy; this the 
Company hope has been done, and that they will be able to defend 
themselves, yet for their own satisfaction and the better security of their 
ships the Company has asked for a convoy, and, by command of the 
King, the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty are to direct the Com- 
mander-in-Chief in the Downs to appoint a convoy to be ready to sail 
with them at the first fair wind. Therefore on receipt of this letter they 
are to apply to the said Commander and desire him to order a convoy 
accordingly. The Company do not know who is in command, nor any- 
thing about the convoy, but the captains are to entreat that it may be 
of the best force that can be afforded, and, as it is late in the year, they 
are to be in a readiness to sail with the first fair wind and observe the 
Company’s instructions for the prosecution of their voyage. Their 
packet for the President and Council at Surat is sent by the purser of 
the Unicorn, made up in a great black box which Chamblet is to de- 
mand from him. Appended is a letter from the Secretary, Robert Black- 
borne, to Morgan Lodge desiring him by direction of the Governor to 
deliver the above letter to Captain Chamblet as soon as the Sampson comes 



i68 


COURT MINUTES, ETC.. OF THE 


inio the Downs, it being of special import that he should have it immediately 
on his arrival, (f p.) 

A Court of Committees, March 20, 1678 {Court Book, vol. xxx, 
p. 476). 

Order is given for all the Company's goods to be speedily removed 
from the African House and Gresham College, that possession of 
these may be given up on the 25th instant, as is desired ; and certain 
Committees are to consider how the Company may be provided with 
warehouse room, inspect places proposed for this purpose, and, in 
particular, speak with Stephen Langham about Crosby House and 
report. The owners of the Eagle to be permitted to ship out foreign 
bullion to the value of 200Z. on account of their joint stock, and the 
Commander and Officers 400Z. in foreign bullion free of freight. George 
Bowers to be paid 126/. for engines, stamps, dies, and other necessaries 
for coining rupees at Bombay. A request for continuance of some 
moneys at interest after the 25th instant is referred to the Treasury 
Committee who are to examine the present state of the Company's 
cash, consider how they stand about payment of moneys that have been 
taken up upon account of the late sale, and about defraying other 
necessary occasions, and report. Money due to Mr. Legate, as executor 
to his brother-in-law Henry Thomson, to be paid, on Moses testifying 
that he has a legal right to it, and Legate giving security to save the 
Company harmless from any pretences of Charles James, a factor at 
Surat, Moses to draw up a bond and discharge to be given the Company, 
(2#.) 

A Court of Committees, March 22, 1678 {Ibid,, p. 478). 

Arbitrators nominated in the case of Sir Henry Dacres to be allowed 
until April 22 next for determining the matters in difference between the 
Company and Sir Henry, mutual covenants to be entered into to stand 
to the award of the said arbitrators. The Treasury Committee to afiix 
the Company's seal to the Commission drawn up for the Governor and 
Council of St. Helena. Messrs. Box and Short, with others, renew their 
former request for allowance of more tares on benzoin bought by them 
at the last sale, and, some doubt arising as to whether the tares were 
made according to cattees or to the English pound, certain Committees 
are desired to adjust them according to the invoice, without profit or 
loss to either side. The covenants and bonds of WiDiam Gyfford, late 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


169 

Chief at Tonquin, and his sureties to be delivered to him to be cancelled. 
Mr. Pepys to be asked to procure an order for release of the thirty men 
pressed out of the Mary, and for the men in the ten ships expected home 
this summer on arriving in the Downs to be allowed some small time 
free from the press ; also that the five vessels now outward-bound may 
not, by reason of the embargo, be stopped in any of the Western ports, 
in case, if forced by contrary winds, they shall put in there, (i p,) 

Richard Watts at Deal, to Sir Joseph Williamson, March 24, 
1678 (Public Record Office: S.P. Dom., Car, II. 402, no. 136). 

The Hunter for Jamaica, Captain Flawes for Jersey, with Lord Hat- 
ton^ and the three East India ships, which came from the river last 
night, are all prepared to sail, and also about eighty merchantmen 
outward-bound. 

The Company to Captain Bendall, March 25, 1678 (Letter Book, 
vol. V, p. 561). 

They have sent, by way of Portsmouth, some passengers in a wagon 
and desire that on Richard Ridges sending them off Bendall will take 
them in and send a certificate of their arrival which the Company 
hope will be so timely as to enable them to board the Johanna ; and, as 
they hope to receive a certificate of all the passengers who went aboard 
his ship in the Downs, that so he will certify these last also. Desire him 
again to keep his ship in readiness to defend himself against any 
accident, or enemy who may He in wait for him in the Channel. Commit 
him to the protection of the Almighty. (J p,) 

The Company to Sir Robert Robinson, Commander of H.M.S. 
Harwich at Portsmouth, March 25, 1678 (Ibid,, p. 573). 

His Majesty having been pleased by an order of March 21 last (copy 
enclosed) to direct that the Company's ships should sail out of the 
Downs with the Antelope as convoy and call upon Sir Robert at St. 
Helen's Point, the best sailer among the said vessels has been ordered to 
make all possible haste to give Sir Robert notice of the approach of the 
fleet, and the Company entreat him upon their arrival to sail with them, 
according to the order of the King now sent, that the opportunity of the 
easterly wind may not be lost. But, if any accident should hinder 
(which God forbid), the Company ask Sir Robert to send orders to 
* Christopher, Lord Hatton, Governor of Guernsey. 



170 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

Captain Wright to accompany the ships that no time may be lost. 
Hope, however, that Sir Robert will be ready himself to join the said 
ships for their better security. (| p) 

The Company to Captain Samuel Chamblet, March 25, 1678 
[Letter Book, vol. v, p. 573). 

Acknowledge his letter of yesterday’s date. Inform him that they 
have, upon an humble address to the King, procured an order to Sir 
Robert Robinson (copy enclosed) and have dispatched it by messenger 
to Portsmouth and hope it may reach Chamblet by the time this letter 
arrives. They do not doubt but that Sir Robert wiU be ready at St. 
Helen’s Point to sail with Chamblet upon notice of his appearance. 
Therefore, he is to make all possible haste to set sail for St. Helen’s Point 
and by the best means he can, notify his arrival, that so Sir Robert may 
be ready to join him without loss of time. Lest Sir Robert should be 
hindered by any accident from sailing with Chamblet on arriving at 
St. Helen’s Point, Captain Wright will have orders from him to proceed 
and see Chamblet safe out of the Channel ' as fair as God’s blessing may 
be for your securitie from danger’. He is not to come to an anchor or 
stay for Sir Robert. To prevent any stop he may meet with in the 
western ports, on pretence of the present embargo if forced by contrary 
winds to put into them, the Company send His Majesty’s orders that he 
is not to be detained at all but to prosecute his intended voyage. (| p.) 


Richard Watts at Deal to Sir Joseph Williamson, March 26, 
1678 (Public Record Office: S.P, Dorn., Car, II. 402, no. 145). 

This noon the three East Indiamen sailed with a fair wind at NE. 

A Court of Committees, March 27, 1678 (Court Book, vol. xxx, 
P- 479 )- 

A question arising as to whether Mr. Doughty diould be paid 70Z. due 
to him on account of goods he formerly bought which were resold at the 
last sale, and there being an old account standing open since 1669 for 
gold bought which he alleges he never received, but gave some money to 
Sambrooke to discharge him of his contract, the matter is referred to the 
Committee for Sambrooke’s accounts to consider, with other cases of a 
like nature, take the opinion of Counsel and of Moses, and report. A 
letter from Thomas Rider is read, desiring six months’ notice before the 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


171 

Company leave the warehouses at African House which they took of 
him, Mr. Moyer is desired to see about this and report to the Court. 
The Treasury Committee report on the state of the Company’s affairs 
under their charge: they find that it will be necessary to continue the 
money due on the 25th instant at interest, until September 25 next, to 
this the Court agree and the Cashier-General is directed to note it on the 
respective bills. James Lord Chandos is adnoitted to the freedom gratis. 
His Majesty having been graciously pleased to direct the discharge of 
several seamen pressed out of the Mary upon her arrival in the Downs, 
and given them three weeks leave. Captain Crover and the owners of 
the said ship are directed not to pay the said men imtil a certificate is 
received from Sir John Holmes, Commander-in-Chief of the King’s ships 
in the Downs, that the men have returned to the King’s service. This 
order to apply to any seamen pressed out of the ships that are expected 
home this year. Mr. Buckler to be allowed mterest on the 2,oooZ. he 
paid for saltpetre. The Company having sold to Sir Thomas Chicheley, 
Master of the King’s Ordnance, 754I tons of saltpetre for His Majesty’s 
service, amounting by agreement to the sum of 40,000^., and Sir George 
Wharton, Treasurer for the Royal Ordnance, having delivered to the 
Committee for the Company’s Treasury tallies for this sum, Sir Thomas 
Chicheley desires that part of the said saltpetre may remain in the 
Company’s warehouse for some time, the Court agree to this, so long as 
the said time does not exceed six months, and give order for the salt- 
petre, or so much of it as shall be asked for, to be delivered to the 
officers of the Royal Ordnance when desired. (2 J 

Warrant from TreasurerDanbytothe Customs Commissioners, 
March 30, 1678 {Public Record Office: Money Book {General), p. 237). 

To receive ^ bonds on the customs of East India com- 

modities (and which are not to be applied to the satisfaction of the loan 
of 6o,oooZ. lately made to the King by the said Company) and to deliver 
same to the Treasurer of the Navy for the service of the Navy, taking 
from him tallies to that sum struck on Richard Mounteney, late Cashier 
of the Customs. 

Ralegh Hull to Robert Yarb,^ Portsmouth, March 31, 1678 
{Public Record Office: S.P. Dorn,, Car. II. 402, no. 172). 

* The Harwich, Sir Robert Robinson, sailed to convoy the East India 
ships into sea out of danger. 

* Clerk to Sir Joseph Williamson, 



172 


COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

A Court of Committees, April 5, 1678 {Court Book, vol. xxx, p. 481). 

Mr. Burrough’s bill for tin-ware to be examined. The petition of 
Richard Wright is referred for consideration. The Court, learning that 
the sum of 32Z. is due to the Company from the late Henry Rouse, give 
directions for the accounts of Rouse to be examined that it may be 
ascertained whether upon these being adjusted this amount is owing to 
the Company, and, if so, to desire the Auditor to demand it from the 
executrix. Certain Committees to examine the account of John 
Richards when assistant in the Calico Warehouse, and see whether the 
bonds entered into by the Earl of Shaftesbury and Sir John Banks as 
his security may be delivered up to be cancelled upon their sealing new 
bonds for the faithful discharge by Richards of his trust as Warehouse- 
keeper. The Treasury Committee to take up on loan 20,oooZ., if the 
occasions of the Company require it, at five per cent per annum to be 
repaid on October 10 next, and the Cashier-General to note on the 
respective bills that no more interest is to be paid for such loans after 
the given date. The owners of the East India Merchant to be paid 
2,40oZ. in part of her freight. Certain Committees to meet this after- 
noon to price the ginghams in order to make an equal division of half 
per cent in these to the several adventurers in accordance with an order 
of February i last, (i J pp.) 

Warrant, April 6, 1678 {Public Record Office: Entry Book of Signed 
Warrants, p. 76). 

East India Company: warrant to be paid their tallies of 40,000/. for 
saltpetre by their own customs. 

Warrant from Treasurer Danby to Richard Kent, Receiver- 
General AND Cashier of Customs, April 9, 1678 {Public Record 
Office: Money Book {General), p. 240). 

Four tallies, amounting in aU to 40,000/., have been levied on you by 
my direction upon orders for land and sea service of the Ordnance. The 
Treasurer of the Ordnance has delivered said tallies to the East India 
Company to secure the like sum due to them for 754I tons of saltpetre 
delivered by the said Company to the King's stores. You are to pay to 
the said Company the said sum taking in said talKes as they shall from 
time to time be satisfied out of the customs of East India goods imported 
by the said Company by November i last, together with 6 per cent 
interest from January 22 last (the Master of the Ordnance having that 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


173 

day certified me that he had with the advice of the principal officers of 
the Ordnance agreed with the said Company for delivery of the said 
saltpetre); said interest to be computed to the respective times of 
repaying the principal: and the said Company to be allowed discount of 
interest for their time of six and six months for the payment of their 
customs as by their charter. 

Philip Lanyon at Plymouth to Sir Joseph Williamson, April 9, 
1678 (Public Record Office: S,P, Dom., Car, II. 403, no. 9.) 

This evening came in the Harwich, returned from convoying some 
East India ships out of the Channel, and now bound for Portsmouth. 

A Court of Committees, April 12, 1678 (CourtBook, vol. xxx, p. 483). 

John Bence is admitted to the freedom gratis, and John Stackhouse 
is admitted by patrimony. Allowance to be nfade to Benjamin Denude 
for some mulmuls found wanting in a bale he bought. Order is given for 
the bonds entered mto as security for John Richards to be delivered up 
on new ones being sealed by Lord Shaftesbury and Sir John Banks. 
Wines imported in the ship of Captain Henry Nicols from Cadiz and 
consigned to the Company by Mr. Selwyn to be inspected. John Robin- 
son requesting that he may receive 1,500?. part of 3,500?. for which he 
has the Company’s bfil, and that he may have a new bill for the re- 
mainder, the Court give order for this to be done, the Treasury Committee 
to accommodate any others ‘in the like kind’ provided the bills are 
made out in the same names. Order is given for the Husband to deliver 
to Sir Thomas Chicheley from time to time such quantities of saltpetre 
as he shall desire until all that he bought for the King’s service has been 
delivered. An account to be drawn up of the proportion of ginghams 
and money to be received by each adventurer in the General Joint 
Stock for his dividend of half per cent. A petition from the porters 
employed in packing and loading the Company's treasure is read and 
referred to the Treasury Committee to consider with the bill for 9?. 9^. 
annexed, and make the porters the customary allowance. The Governor 
and Treasury Committee to dispose of four hundred guineas for the 
Company’s service. (2 pp,) 

Rj^EGH Hull at Portsmouth to Robert Yard, April 16, 1678 
(Public Record Office: S,P, Dom,, Car, II. 403, no. 48). 

The 14th arrived at Spithead the Harwich, which came back from 
convoying the East India ships out of danger. 



174 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

A Court of Committees, April 17, 1678 {Court Book, vol. xxx,* 
P* 485)- 

On a request being made that those persons who have lent money to 
the Company and taken bills in other men’s names may have bills given 
them in their own names on showing that they are the original pro- 
prietors, the Court consent and give order for the Treasury Committee 
to give such bills. The owners of the Mary to be paid %oool. in part of 
her freight, and her commander, Captain Crover, is directed to deliver 
the Journal of his last voyage, also the Journal kept by his chief mate 
to the Secretary. The sum of 40Z. having been paid into the Company’s 
cash for redemption of certain natives of Johanna who were taken off 
that island by Captain South, who sold them at Barbadoes, and John 
Eyles, merchant, having at the request of the Court promised to write 
to his correspondent at Barbadoes to endeavour to release one or two 
of the said natives, viz., Loy, Musta, Sallamone, Brohem, Semania, and 
Agissa, on the best possible terms if they are willing to come to England, 
the Court order that whatever money Eyles shall pay for their redemp- 
tion, not exceeding 25Z. for one, or 40I, for two, shall be repaid him by 
the Company, even if any shall die on the way, and, if any of them shall 
be unwilling to leave the place and return to their own country, Mr. 
Eyles is to desire his correspondent to procure a certificate, signed by 
the Governor or other chief person in the place, of their refusal which 
they are to sign or put their mark to, that it may be transmitted to 
Johanna. The owners of the Surat Merchant to be paid i,6o6?. i6s. 8rf. 
iu full of her freight. An account is presented to the Court of each 
adventurer’s dividend of one-half per cent, stated by the Accountant- 
General, and an equal calculation of it made by the Warehousekeeper in 
ginghams and money and examined by the Auditor. An order is given 
for the Warehousekeeper to deliver in ginghams, or pay or receive in 
money to or from each adventurer their proportions accordingly, for 
which each adventurer has a particular warrant directed to the Ware- 
housekeeper, the whole amounting in ginghams and money to 1,849^. 
9s. 2i, Damaged pepper to be delivered to the owners of the Mary, and 
East India Merchant, the owners of the Barnardiston to be paid i,ooo/. 
in part of her freight, and the owners of the Loyal Ec^le 2,207/. 6s. jd. in 
full of her freight. A bill of exchange drawn on the Company by the 
Governor and Council of St. Helena payable to Captain Crover is 
accepted. Allowance to be made to Thomas Crisp for some nillaes 
foimd wanting in a bale he bought. Interest, at the rate of five per 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


175 

cent, to be allowed to Samuel Swinnock for 400Z. he paid for pepper he 
bought last September. Warrants to be made out for payment to the 
owners of the following ships for transportation of passengers to India, 
viz., to the Williamson 6gL 2S., Society, 6gL 2S., Nathaniel, 85I, 2s., 
Falcon, 61Z. 2s., Lancaster 61Z. 2s., Berkeley Castle, 40/., and 15^. to 
Thomas Lewis for the surgeons of these ships for their care of sixty- 
three passengers. To the owners of the Sampson 144I., the President 
208I,, Unicorn x6oL, Eagle 80L, and 20L los. to Mr. Lewis for the 
surgeons in these ships. To the owners of the Johanna 450Z. and to her 
surgeon 7Z. 75. Captain James Bonnel, commander of the Ec^le, to be 
paid one-quarter per cent due for bullion and fine goods taken out and 
brought back in that ship in her last voyage. (2 pp,) 

A General Court, April 19, 1678 {Hid., vol. xxxi, p. i). 

The generality are told of the occasion of their meeting, according to 
their printed papers, and that, a scrutiny having been taken of their 
votes, Sir Nathaniel Heme has been chosen Governor, and Robert 
Thomson Deputy Governor. They are also told that, according to a 
former resolution, a dividend of one-half per cent in ginghams is to be 
made, that conunodity having been often offered at the candle but 
could not be sold, so warrants for each adventurer, in proportion, will 
be made out and delivered. The Generality return hearty thanks to the 
Governor and Deputy for the great care and pains they have taken in 
the past year in the management of the Company's affairs, and a 
motion is made that they and the Committees should be gratified for 
their services to this Stock during that time, and it is resolved that the 
Governor shall be allowed 2Qoh, the Deputy looL, and 1,000/. be dis- 
tributed among the Committees, according to their respective atten- 
dances, the Court to proportion this accordingly. The Governor, Deputy, 
and Committees accept this as the ^kind resentment and respects ' of the 
Generality, and return them their thanks. (| p^) 

A General Court of Election, April 22, 1678 {Ibid., p. 2). 

Sir Nathaniel Heme, Governor, and Robert Thomson, Deputy 
Governor, take their oaths in the presence of Sir William Thomson, Sir 
James Edwards, and six more of the Committees. {\p) 

A General Court, April 25, 1678 {Ibid., p. 2). 

The Governor causes the names to be read of the twenty-four 



176 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

Committees chosen for the year next ensuing, they are as follows : the R‘ 
Hono*’'® George Lord Berkeley, Sir John Banks, Sir Samuel Bamardis- 
ton, Christopher Boone, John Bathurst, Josia Child, Thomas Canham, 
Colonel John Clerke, Sir James Edwards, James Houblon, Joseph 
Heme, John JoUife, Sir John Lethieulier, Nathaniel Letton, Sir John 
Moore, Samuel Moyer, Thomas Papillon, John Paige, Edward Rudge, 
Daniel Sheldon, Jeremy Sambrooke, Sir William Thomson, Charles 
Thorold, and Sir Stephen White. The Generality return their thanks to 
the former Committees for their great care and pains in the Company’s 
concerns.* (f^.) 

A Court of Committees, April 26, 1678 {Court Minutes, vol. xxxi, 
P- 3 )- 

Sir William Thomson, Sir John Moore, and Mr. Boone are desired to 
undertake the directing and management of the Company's Treasury 
for the ensuing year, and they, or any two of them, are empowered to 
act accordingly. Order is given for a warrant to be made out for pay- 
ment of the gratuities granted to the late Governor, Deputy Governor, 
and twenty-four Committees for the past year. The Secretary is directed 
to certify to the Commissioners for the Poll Act what the capital stocks 
of this Company amount to, how much belongs to adventurers who are 
peers of the Realm, and how much to the commonalty. A re-election is 
made of the Company's ofiftcers according to custom ; they and their 
annual salaries are as follows : Humphrey Edwin, Cashier-General, 300/. ; 
Richard Harris, his assistant, 90Z. and as Housekeeper, 30^. ; Edward 
Byrch, assistant to the Cashier, 8o?. ; Ion Ken, assistant to the Cashier, 
Sol. ; John Childe, assistant to the Cashier, 50/. ; Robert Blackbome, 
Secretary, 200I., as writer of foreign letters, 40I.; Elisha Coles, his 
assistant, 70Z. ; Samuel Blackbome, assistant in the Letter Office, 25I. ; 
Francis Beyer, Accoxmtant-General, 200^.; Leventhorp Altham, his 
assistant, 150/. ; Thomas Butler, assistant, lool , ; Thomas Ashby, $ol. ; 
John Hooper, 50Z.; Robert Woodward, 50Z. ; Charles Zinzan, 50/.; 
Samuel South, Auditor for the Coast and Bay, lOol. ; Thomas Clarke, 
assistant, 30Z. ; Daniel Coles, assistant in the Auditor's Office for Surat 
and Bantam, 30L; John Richards, Keeper of the Calico Warehouse, 
X2oL ; Leonard Bray, assistant, 70Z. ; John Beard, Warehousekeeper at 

* The e^ht new members were: Sir John Banks, Sir Samuel Bamardiston, Josia Child, 
Colonel John Clerke, Sir James Edwards, Joseph Heme, Sir William Thomson, and Sir 
Stephen White. 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


177 

Gresham College, 120/. ; Thomas Percehouse, assistant, joL ; Charles 
Aston, Keeper of the Pepper Warehouse, 80/. ; David Aston, assistant, 
30Z. ; Thomas Spriggs, Husband, 200/. ; Francis Thomson, assistant, 
looZ. ; George Papillon, Keeper of the Blue Warehouse, 160Z. ; and for 
setting up the candle, lo^. ; Thomas Lewis, Paymaster of the Mariners, 
30Z. ; William Moses, Solicitor, 20I , ; Captain John Prowd, Surveyor, 
80/.; Robert Johnson, Doorkeeper, 40Z,; Michael Prescot, Surveyor of 
Private Trade, 20Z. ; Edward Evans, Surveyor of Private Trade, 20I, 
Some objections are made against Cossen, the Auditor, for not acquit- 
ting himself with the care and respect becoming to the duties of his 
place, and, on being told he replies tiiat he wanted 'both assistance and 
encouragement' in his work; the matter is hereupon referred to the 
Accounts Committee to consider, and ascertain whether any further 
assistance is requisite in this Office, and report. The said Committee are 
also desired, in pursuance of the preamble passed March 16, 1665, to 
give directions for a valuation to be drawn up of all remains of the 
General Joint Stock undivided, and present it to the Court with aU 
convenient speed. Elias Miclethwait who was taken into the Account- 
ant's Office about fourteen months ago and as yet has received no 
salary, the Committee for Accounts are desired to ascertain whether it 
is necessary to continue him in the said Office, and what allowance 
should be given to him for his services. John Hall is admitted to the 
freedom by redemption. The Committee for Private Trade to read the 
oath formerly drawn up to be taken by the Surveyors for private trade, 
consider if any alterations should be made in it and whether it is con- 
sistent with the interest of the Company that Prescot, one of the sur- 
veyors, should continue to sell brandy and other liquors to officers and 
seamen belonging to ships in the Company's service, and report. The 
account of the late John Camel to be reported. Samuel South, auditor 
for the Coast and Bay, is henceforth to attend all the meetings of the 
Committee for Bu5dng Goods, and to keep a register of their proceed- 
ings. A representation from Lady Duteel is read in which she desires 
that the interest of 375/. now due may be paid to her, notwithstanding 
the suit begun in Chancery, and Moses is directed, m case any motion is 
made in that Court on her Ladyship's behalf, either to pay the interest 
to her or to the Court on behalf of the Company. The account of Cap- 
tain Samuel Chamblet for the quarter-part of permission due for bullion 
and jSne goods, carried out and brought back in the Sampson in her last 
voyage, to be made up, (2 J pp,) 

4372 N 



178 


COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 


Francis Parry at Lisbon to Sir William Thomson, April 30, 1678 
(Public Record Office: CD. 77, voL xiv, f. i). 

He did not it necessary or convenient to trouble Sir William 
with a relation of his proceedings in the business of Bombay until he 
could give some account of their effect. He has frequently told the 
Prince of the necessity to send orders to the government of Goa and 
Bassein commanding the forbearance of aU acts of hostility, and of 
forcible impositions on the King's subjects in Bombay, because of the 
inconvenience that must needs arise from resisting such force by force. 
He pressed the Prince to empower Don Francisco de Mello, his ambas- 
sador in England, to settle the whole affair according to the true intent 
and meaning of the articles in that behalf. The business has been three 
months before the Council for Foreign Plantations, time enough, one 
would think, for it to give a very full and particular report, and for His 
Highness to give a satisfactory answer to it. But instead, the Secretary 
wrote Parry a letter, dated April 29, to the following purport: that His 
Highness hopes His Maj esty will take a final resolution in what his ambas- 
sador has represented to him concerning Bombay, and, in order there- 
unto, the Prince commanded that Don Francisco de Mello be charged 
to represent the same to His Majesty, and that answer should be given 
to His Majesty's letter in this very form. Not a word is mentioned of 
writing to the East Indies to suspend the tributes imposed and exacted 
by the Portuguese, till the matter is decided, nor of empowering the 
Portuguese Ambassador to decide it, but an expectation of some con- 
cessions from His Majesty, as the delivery of Mahim (which the Secre- 
tary told Parry at their first meeting about this affair His Majesty was 
unjustly possessed of) and the hke, and a further order the Ambassador 
had to demand the same, which is the scope of the answer sent to the 
King's letter. So that instead of giving His Majesty satisfaction for the 
injuries done his subjects in Bombay they seem to expect satisfaction 
for injuries done to them. How this great difference will be arranged 
Parry cannot tell. He has done aU in his power and has his final answer. 
But if it were true that Mahim of right belonged to the Portuguese 
one would wonder they should contest it with the King, seeing how 
much he has done for them beyond the obligations of the Treaty 
of Matrimony, the charges they put him to before they gave him 
possession of Bombay, and of how little profit Mahim would be to 
them. Goa itself, and all the places they possess in the East Indies, 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


179 

being so many charges to the Crown, His Majesty would do a kindness 
to take Carinjah and Salsette into his possession, which certainly belong 
to him as well as Mahim, as appurtenances to the port of Bombay. 

A Court of Coivimittees, May i, 1678 {Court Book, vol. xxxi, 
P- 5 )- 

Mr. Doughtie requesting that an end may be made to his account with 
the Company, the Committees to whom this matter was referred in 
March last are directed to take Counsel’s opinion in this and in other 
similar cases and report next Friday to the Court. A letter from Sir 
Robert Southwell, Secretary to the Lords Committees for Trade and 
Plantations, is read, and order given for copies to be transcribed of the 
oaths administered to the members of the Company, the Governor, 
Deputy, and Committees, and to its officers at home and abroad, and 
sent to Sir Robert as desired. Sarah, widow of the late John CameU, 
Steward at Tywan, to be paid 35/. A report is read from the Accounts 
Committee concerning Peter Cossen, the Auditor for Surat, Bantam, and 
the South Sea Factories, and he declaring in Court his willingness to 
serve the Company to the utmost, he is elected for another year at an 
annual salary of looZ. The account of John Thomas to be examined. 
The Treasury Committee to take up on loan such money as the Com- 
pany's occasions shall require at the rate of five per cent, to be paid on 
October 10 and not later. The accounts of all the Warehousekeepers to 
be examined, and all goods unsold or undelivered by them to be listed. 
The Accounts Committee state that, in order for a valuation of the 
General Joint Stock undivided to be made, the Company's books should 
be balanced to the last of this present May ; the Court approve and give 
order for this to be done. A petition is read from Joan, widow of Henry 
Rouse, late warehousekeeper at LeadenhaU, and in consideration of his 
long and faithful service and of the poor condition in which his widow 
and four children are left, the sum of 20/. is given to the petitioner, she 
to make good the balance of her late husband's account. The account of 
Thomas Fitch, late purser in the London, to be reported. The account of 
John Richards for passing a patent under the Great Seal to secure the 
repayment of 20,000?. lent to the King and of 40,000/. for saltpetre to 
be examined and reported. Messrs. Paige and Canham to dispose of the 
fifty-seven butts of sherry, imported in Captain NichoUs's ship from 
Cadiz, for the best price they can get. (if ^.) 



i8o COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

Oaths taken by the Members of the Company, May 2, 1678 
(Public Record Office: C.O. 77, vol. xiv, f. 3). 

Oath to be taken by every Freeman of the Company. 

You shall swear to be good and true to Our Sovereign Lord the Kings 
Majesty, to his heirs and successors, and that you will be faithful to the 
Governor, his Deputy, and the Company of Merchants of London trading 
into the East In^es in the management of their trade. The secrets of 
the said Company which shall be given you in charge to conceal by the 
said Governor or his Deputy you will not disclose, and during the pre- 
sent Joint Stock of this Company you will not trade in any such com- 
modity or commodities whatsoever to or from the limits of the Com- 
pany’s charter beyond the Cape of Good Hope, which the Court of 
Committees have or shall declare from time to time, that they do or 
will reserve to the said Joint Stock exclusive to any others. 

So help you God. 

The Oath of the Governor. 

You shall swear to be faithful and true during the time of your place 
of trust as Governor of the Fellowship or Company of Merchants of 
London trading into the East Indies and their successors. The good 
estate of the adventurers in this present Stock you shall favour and 
affect, and the privileges granted to them (to your power) endeavour to 
maintain and preserve. You shall be careful to see and provide that an 
equal and indiSerent hand be carried in the government of this Fellow- 
ship, and in the affairs thereof to all the adventurers that shall adven- 
ture or put in stock, and that an equal division from time to time be 
made to all the adventurers according to the proportion of their several 
stocks duly paid in. This oath is also to be taken by the Deputy Governor 
and every one of the twenty-four Committees of the Company, 

The Secretary’s Oath. 

You shall swear to be good and true to Our Sovereign Lord the Kings 
Majesty and to his heirs and successors. You shall be obedient and 
attendant to the Governor and his Deputy of the Company of Merchants 
of London trading into the East Indies at all times convenient. You 
shall faithfully and truly set down and register all the acts, ordinances 
and consultations of the said Fellowship that from time to time 
they shall enact, ordain, or constitute, and you shall not give out any 
copies of the same to any persons, not being members of the Court of 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


i8i 

Committees or o£&cers of the Company, and that only which relates to 
their respective offices and employments, without the consent of the 
Governor or his Deputy or a Court of Committees. You shall keep secret 
aU matters in talk and conference had in any Court which shall be given 
you in charge by the Governor or his Deputy to be concealed. You shall 
not during the employment to which you are chosen the year ensuing in 
the service of the East India Company either by yourself or any other 
for you directly or indirectly trade to or from India (otherwise than in 
the Joint Stock of the said Company) in any commodity whatsoever 
without licence of the Court of Committees, and also if you shall know 
any person or persons which intend any hurt, harm, or prejudice to our 
said Sovereign Lord the Kings Majesty or to his lands or to the aforesaid 
Fellowship or privileges of the same, you shall give knowledge thereof or 
make it known to the said Governor or his Deputy. AU these things 
shaU you hold and keep to the best of your power, so help you. God. 

The Auditor's Oath. 

You shaU swear to be good and true to Our Sovereign Lord the Kings 
Majesty and to his heirs and successors and to be true and faithful to 
the Governor and Company of Merchants of London trading to the East 
Indies, and from time to time diligently to the best of your power and 
skiU to execute aU such lawful commands as be given you by the said 
Governor or his Deputy or Committees of the said Company, and truly 
and faithfuUy make known forthwith to them aU such practices and 
endeavours or actions of any persons whatsoever that you can discover 
tending to the prejudice, loss or damage of the said Company and 
neither directly or indirectly concede, connive at or consent to the same 
for any consideration whatsoever. You shaU not during your employ- 
ment to which you are chosen for the year ensuing in the service of the 
East India Company either by yourself or any others for you directly 
or indirectly trade to or from India (otherwise than in the Joint Stock 
of the said Company) in any conunodities whatsoever without licence of 
the Court of Committees. And also if you know any person or persons 
which intend any hurt, harm, or prejudice to Our said Sovereign Lord 
the Kings Majesty, or his lands, or to the aforesaid Company, or privi- 
leges of the same, you shaU give knowledge thereof or make it to be 
known to the said Governor or his Deputy. AU these things you shaU 
observe and do to your power, aU fears, affection, and rewards set apart, 
bpln vnn Gnd. 



x8z 


COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 
The Oath of the Accountant-General. 

You shall swear to be good and true to Our Lord the Kings Majesty and 
to his heirs and successors. You shall duly and truly enter all, or cause 
to be entered into the books of accounts of the Company of Merchants of 
London trading into the East Indies all and every such sum and sums 
as to your knowledge shall be brought in or disbursed by or for the said 
Company, giving every man his due by debtor and creditor for every 
manner of thing that shall or may concern his account without aug- 
menting diminishing or concealing of anything whatsoever, and further 
you shall give a true and just account of every parcel as well brought in 
as disbursed, and also for all such matters as shall concern your charge 
and trust unto the Governor his Deputy or Committees of the Fellow- 
ship aforesaid, or to such as they shall appoint as you shall be required 
thereunto. The secrets and privities of the said Company which shall 
be given you in charge by the Governor or his Deputy to conceal you 
shall keep and not disclose during your said employment, or at any time 
after. You shall not during the employment to which you are chosen 
for the year ensuing in the service of the East India Company either by 
yourself or by any other for you directly or indirectly trade to or from 
India, otherwise than in the Joint Stock of the said Company, in any 
commodities whatsoever without licence of the Court of Committees. 
And also if you shall know any person or persons which intend any hurt, 
harm, or prejudice to Our said Sovereign Lord the Kings Majesty or to 
his lands or to the aforesaid Fellowship or privileges of the same you 
shall give knowledge thereof or cause it to be known unto the said 
Governor or his Deputy. All these thmgs you shall faithfully perform, 
hold and keep to your best knowledge and the utmost of your power. 

So help you God. 

The Oath of the Cashier. 

You shall swear to be good and true to Our Sovereign Lord the Kings 
Majesty and to his heirs and successors and to the Fellowship or Com- 
pany of Merchants of London trading into the East Indies, and that 
you will be faithful in all such matters as concern your emplo3mient as 
Cashier-General that shall be committed to your care or management, 
applying your best endeavours thereunto, and not discover any secret 
which shall be given you in charge to conceal. You shall not during your 
employment, here follow the forgoing clauses prohibiting private trade. 
The like to the several officers following: viz,^, warehousekeepers, the 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 183 

Paymaster of the Mariners, Assistants to the Secretary, to the Cashier, 
to the Accountant, to the Auditor, and to the warehousekeepers. 

The Oath of the Beadle. 

You shall swear to be good and true to Our Sovereign Lord the Kings 
Majesty, and to his heirs and successors. You shall be obedient, diligent 
and attendant to the Governor, his Deputy and others of the Company 
of Merchants of London trading to the East Indies. You shall duly and 
truly warn the said Company to come to courts and assemblies to be 
appointed by the said Governor or his Deputy, as often as you shall be 
thereunto commanded by the said Governor or his Deputy. You shall 
not, to your power, suffer any person or persons, suitors to the Company 
or others, to stand or be within the hearing of the said Company being 
set at any their courts or meetings nor to come into the same courts or 
meetings before they be called by the said Governor or his Deputy. The 
secrets and privities of the said Company which shall be given you in 
charge by the said Governor or his Deputy to conceal you shall not 
bewray. You shall not during your employment to which you are 
chosen for the year ensuing, the same as in the other oaths follows. 

So help you God. 

The Oaths administered to the Company's ofi&cers in Bombay. 

You shall swear to be good and true to Our Sovereign Lord the King 
of England, his heirs and successors. You shall to your utmost preserve 
and maintain the right and rights of the Governor and Company of 
Merchants of London trading into the East Indies and in and to the port 
and Island of Bombay, and to your power shall not suffer any wrong or 
detriment to be done to them or to their estate, rights, jurisdictions or 
privileges there. You shall from time to time well and truly execute the 
office of Governor and Commander-in-Chief of the said Port and Island 
to the utmost of your skill and power in all things concerning the same. 
You shall render a just, true, and perfect accoimt in writing to the said 
Governor and Company or any person or persons appointed by them to 
take the same, of and for all such lands, goods, moneys, profits, com^ 
modities, matters or things whatsoever as shall be committed or shall 
come to your hands, custody or charge for their use by reason or 
occasion of your said office. So help you God. 

The Oath of the Coimdl. 

You shall swear to be good and true to Our Sovereign Lord the King 
of England and to his heirs and successors. You shall to your utmost 



i 84 court minutes, ETC., OF THE 

preserve and maintain the right and rights of the Governor and Com- 
pany of London trading to the East Indies and in and to the Port and 
Island of Bombay, and to your power shall not suffer any wrong or 
detriment to be done to them or to their estate, rights, jurisdictions or 
privileges there. You shall faithfully and uprightfuUy with the best of 
your sirill and judgment give your advice to the said Governor of the 
said Port and Island for the time being upon all occasions in aU things 
concerning the same and the affairs thereof. So help you God. 

The Oath of the Deputy Governor. 

You shall swear to be good and true to Our Sovereign Lord the King 
of England, his heirs and successors. You shall to your utmost preserve 
and maintain the right and rights of the Governor and Company of 
Merchants of London trading to the East Indies and in and to the Port and 
Island of Bombay, and to your power shall not suffer any wrong or detri- 
ment to be done to them or to their estate, rights, jurisdictions or privi- 
leges there. You shall from time to time well and duly execute the of&ce 
of Deputy to the Governor of the said Port and Island in all things con- 
cerning the same. You shall render a just, true and perfect account in 
writing to the said Governor and Company, or any person or persons 
appointed by them to take the same of and for aU such lands, goods, 
moneys, profits, commodities, matters and things whatsoever as shall 
be committed or ^all come to your hands, custody or charge for their 
use by reason or occasion of your said of&ce. So help you God. 

The Commissioner's Oath. 

You shall swear to be good and true to Our Sovereign Lord the King 
of England, his heirs and successors. You shall to your utmost preserve 
the right and rights of the Governor and Company of Merchants of 
London trading to the East Indies and in and to the Port and Island of 
Bombay and to your power shall not suffer any wrong or detriment to 
be done to them or to their estate, rights, jurisdictions or privileges 
there. You diall truly and faithfully exercise and execute the office of 
commissioner for the Government of the said Island according to the 
tenour and true intent and meaning of your commission and the trust 
reposed in you thereby. So help you God. 

A Court of Committees, May 3, 1678 {Court Book, voL xxxi, p. 7). 

Upon a report from the Lawsuits Committee order is given for the 
money due to Doughty for goods he bought, which were resold at the 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


185 

last sale, to be paid him. A bill from the smith for work done in the 
Company's house and in the several warehouses to be examined, also 
Bowtell's bill for printing. The petition of Richard Wright is referred 
for examination and report, also the desires of Mr. Hulton, late surgeon 
in the Return. Certain Committees to inspect the front of the Com- 
pany's house and the garden side, and see what is necessary to be done 
in the way of repairs, what ornament to add, and consider and report 
the cost to the Court. Elias Miclethwaite is elected as a writer in the 
Accountant's Ofl&ce at a salary of 25Z. a year, to begin from last Lady 
Day, and, he having shown great care and diligence during the fourteen 
months he was employed in that of&ce under Mr. Beyer, an allowance 
of 20/. is to be made to him. The demands of Gomes Serra are referred 
for examination and report. (2 pp.) 

The Company to Messrs. Selwyn and Bathurst, at Cadiz, May 6, 
1678 (Letter Book, vol. v, p. 574). 

Have received several of their letters both by land and sea, the goods 
by Pettoon and the sherries by Captain Nicolls, these are very bad and 
it is doubtful whether they will * produce the charges'. They expected 
long ago to have had an account of the sales, with an account current, 
and also an account of any goods remaining. If these have not been sent 
already they desire to have them without further delay, for their want 
impedes the adjusting of accounts with Sambrooke, which they wish 
ended. (J^.) 

A Court of Committees, May 8, 1678 (Court Book, vol. xxxi, p. 9). 

The petition of Timothy Wilks, Senior, is read and referred until the 
account of his son Timothy, now a factor at Fort St. George, has been 
examined together with the letter of attorney the said son gave his 
father. The petition of William Thomson, gunsmith, is also referred for 
examination. The owners of the Mary to be paid 1,000/. in part of her 
freight. A petition from Captain Crover is referred for examination and 
report. The Treasury Committee to ascertain what bullion was carried 
out in the Nathaniel, Society, and Unicorn in their voyage to India, and 
give directions for warrants to be made out for payment of the quarter- 
part of the permission money due to the respective commanders. Order 
is also given for a warrant to be made out for payment of the permission 
money due to Captain BonneU for bullion and fine goods carried out and 
brought back in the Eagle, and delivered at the Company's house. The 



i86 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

Committees for the Surat Warehouse to confer with Mr. Rossington 
about the long warehouse at Crosby House now in the Company's 
possession, and treat with him about this and what other accommoda- 
tion he can spare for warehouse-room and upon what terms, and report. 
The Governor is desired to inform Mr. Secretary Pepys that the Com- 
pany expect nine or ten ships from the Indies between June lo and the 
middle of August, and desire him to move the King for a considerable 
squadron of ships to be appointed to ply in the Channel and to the west- 
ward of Scilly at such stations as shall be judged fit to secure the 
entrance of the said ships. The Shipping Committee to treat for the hire 
and freight of two nimble vessels, from fifty to one hundred tons burden, 
commanded by active and knowing masters fit to be employed as 
‘advisers', make the best possible terms with them and report to the 
Court. The sum of 15Z. to be paid to Thomas Fitch, late purser in the 
London. {T\pp.) 

Letter to Secretary Coventry, May 16, 1678 {Public Record 
Office: C.O. 77, vol. xiv, 1 8). 

The Lords of the Committee understanding that Mr. Parry, His 
Majesty's Envoy in Portugal, has not had such favourable answers or 
dispatch in what he solicited touching the claims and pretentions of the 
East India Company for the relief of some grievances at Bombay, but 
that objections have been made to him of the vigorous usage of Alvaro 
Perez de Tavora, whose estates were sequestered by the said Company, 
their Lordships wrote to the Governor to know what end had been put 
to that business; and having received the enclosed paper (which is a 
copy of the whole proceedings) showing how very generously the Com- 
pany have determined this m favour of Perez, they desire that the said 
paper may be sent to Mr. Parry, by which he will be able to convince the 
ministers there, how much they are mistaken in this case, and how fair 
a pattern is shown them for justice to be done to His Majesty's subjects, 
who have much reason to complain of hardships in the East Indies and 
also of the great delays put upon them in the Court of Portugal. No 
signature. Endorsed: Minutes, Lord Ranelagh. 

A Court of Committees, May 17, 1678 {CouH Book, vol. xxxi, p. ii). 

The Officers of the Customs at Gravesend to be paid 25I. for their care 
in clearing the Company's ships last year. The accounts of the late 
Captain Jonas Collier and Robert Letchworth to be examined. Pay- 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


187 

ment to be made to Mr. Creswell for head-money for passengers lately 
sent in the Company’s shipping to India. The Committee for Private 
Trade are desired to use the most effectual means for securing any 
private trade goods that may be returned in the Company’s ships ex- 
pected home this year, engage a nimble vessel to ply at once to the 
westward to look out for the said ships, and instruct the surveyors and 
waiters to use all possible diligence and circumspection in the charge 
committed to them. It is resolved that all money given to the Poor- 
box shall be applied wholly for the use of necessitous persons who have 
served in the Company, or for their relations, no member of the Court 
to suggest otherwise. The Accountant-General presents a list of debts 
that have been owing for a long time, these are referred to the Lawsuits 
and Debts Committee who are to give directions for those they find 
upon examination to be desperate, to be written off. (ij pp.) 

A Court of Committees, May 28, 1678 {Ibid,, p. 12). 

Letters received by the Golden Fleece from the Agent and Council of 
Bantam are read. Mr. Derham, Receiver-General for the money to be 
levied on the City of London by Act of Parliament for the Poll, acquaints 
the Court that the Lord Treasurer desires that what is charged on the 
Company’s General Stock may at once be paid to the Exchequer, but 
some dispute having arisen as to whether this should be paid to Messrs. 
Man and Ailward, collectors appointed by the Commissioners for 
London, or to those who shall be named by the Assessors of this Ward, 
the Court inform Messrs. Sitwell and Define, two of the Common Council 
men of the Ward, with the message received from Mr. Derham, and adc 
whether they desire a stop to be put to the payment of the money. 
They waive the question, upon which the Court give order for the 
Treasury Committee to pay the money charged on the Company for 
their said Stock, being 3,657/., to Messrs Man and Ailward, in pursuance 
of the warrant signed by the Commissioners, and take their receipt, also 
the acquittance of Mr. Derham for the Company’s discharge, Moses to 
draw up the form of the said receipts. The sum of 77/. 5s. due on the 
account of the late Captain Jonas Collier to be paid. (| p.) 

A Court of Committees, May 28, 1678 [afternoon] (Ibid,, p. 13). 

A report is read from the Committees to whom the petition of William 
Thomson, gunsmith, was referred, and they are desired to ascertain 
what interest Mr, Mabbot had in the guns mentioned, and what claim is 



i88 


COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

marlft by his relations on them. The Committee for the Pepper Ware- 
house to provide warehouse-room at once for the pepper returned in 
the Golden Fleece, and for what is esp»ected this year, and treat with the 
Governors of Bethlem Hospital for the cellars proposed to be let to the 
Company, as regards the money to be spent on fitting them for use, and 
‘the clamour’ that may arise if the scent of the pepper shall annoy the 
patients, with the terms, and for the Company on a year’s warning to be 
at liberty to quit the said cellars if they find them inconvenient. The 
Surat Committee to treat with Mr. Rider, or others they shall think fit, 
for keeping the warehouses at the African House till Lady Day, or pro- 
vide other warehouses in other places convenient for the goods expected 
home this year. Daniel Thomas is admitted to the freedom by patri- 
mony. The Shipping Committee to agree with the owners of the Provi- 
dence for that ship to be discharged from the Company’s service, (i p.) 

Richard Watts at Deal to Sir Joseph Williamson, May 29, 1678 
{Public Record Office: S.P. Dorn., Car. II. 404, no. 31). 

The East India ship I acquainted you that arrived last Monday was 
the Fleece. Tis now said she came from Bantam. 

A Court of Committees, June 5, 1678 {Court Book, vol. xxxi, p. 14). 

The account of Mr. W3mne, chaplain at St. Hdena, and of Peter 
Johnson to be examined. The owners of the East India Merchant to be 
paid i,oool. in further part of her freight. Warrants to be made for 
payment of the quarter-part of permission money due to the com- 
manders of the Loycd Subject, Mary, and Persia Merchant for bullion 
carried out and for jewels and fine goods brought back and delivered at 
the Company’s house. A report is read from the Committee for the 
Pepper Warehouse touching the terms demanded by the Governors of 
Bethlem Hospital for the cellars and cells under that Hospital, and the 
said Committees are directed to treat for the cells and cellars to be 
fitted, lowered, planked and lined, and for leave to break through the 
City wall as proposed, if they may be had for lool. fine and a yearly rent 
of looZ. for twenty-one years, to be ready for the Company’s use by the 
first of August next, the Company to be at liberty to leave them at any 
time upon giving a year’s notice if they diaH find them not convenient. 
A report from the Co mmit tee for Private Trade is read, empowering the 
surveyors to permit trivial things belonging to seamen to be shipped or 
brought a^ore if they do not exceed the tonnage and stated damages 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


189 

mentioned, the report is approved. The form of the oath to be taken by 
surveyors for Private Trade is also read and approved, and administered 
to the two Surveyors, Michael Prescot and Edward Evans. The Court 
decree that, notwithstanding the rate covenanted by charter-party to 
be paid for stated damages on benzoin, only nzd, per lb. shall be taken 
for what is brought home in this year’s shipping. (2 J pp.) 

A Court of Committees, June 14, 1678 {lUd., p. 16). 

The sum of 12Z. to be paid to William Thomson, gunsmith. Charles 
Aston to see that the Company’s goods are cleared from the two upper 
warehouses at the StUlyard so that no more rent has to be paid for them 
after Midsummer Day. The sum of 14Z. ns. Zd, due on the account of 
Peter Johnson for wages, to be paid. Captain John Bowers, commander 
of the Persia Merchant, and Captain William Goodlad, commander of 
the Loyal Subject, to be paid their quarter-part of permission money. 
The petition of Mrs. Friswith Field is read, and referred for examination 
of her husband's accounts, and of what money has been already paid to 
her by his desire. Mr. Beyer to deliver to Samuel Sambrooke a copy of 
his account as now stated, and inform Mm that he is to give an answer 
to it next Thursday to the Accounts Committee who are to summon 
Sambrooke to appear before them and adjust Ms said account with the 
Company, and satisfy the money due on the same. Order is given for 
75Z. to be paid to the attorney of John Wynne, chaplain at St. Helena, 
and for the SMpping Committee to ascertain how Wynne has comported 
MmseM in Ms ministerial office on the island, and report. Certain Com- 
mittees to obtain a copy of the account of the late Aldewarlde from Ms 
executor, deliver to Mm two articles of Aldewarlde’s debts, as stated in 
the Company’s books, try to satisfy Mm with the reasonableness of their 
demands, and report their proceedings to the Court. A report from the 
Committee for Lawsuits and Debts is read, and after serious considera- 
tion the following orders are issued: that the account of desperate debts 
is to be continued in the general books as usual, and the names of the 
debtors and their debts placed at the beginning of each pair of books * in 
the Joumall’. That a list of the names of such debtors and of the sums 
owing by them be drawn up in a table and fixed in some convenient 
place in the Accountant’s Office for all to read, and, ' peradventure heare 
of some of them that shall hereafter become solvent’; the names of 
Francis Bond, Richard Cooke, George Perrin, Thomas and John 
Worrall, Richard Wright, Dixwell Himgerford, — Beauchampe, and 



190 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

others to be inserted in this table. That the debts of Lawrence Sawcer, 
Jacob Aboab and Richard Wright be written off in book F. as desperate, 
and the bulse of diamonds brought to the Company's house, consigned 
to Aboab, opened in the presence of some of the officers of the house, 
sold by the Treasury Committee, and the proceeds placed to Aboab's 
credit. That the law charges in the suit against Mr. Mainstone, for 
which he is liable, be carried to the account of profit and loss. That a 
copy of the debts of the Royal Company, which amount to 6io/. 5$. 3^., 
be delivered to Sir John Banks who with Sir James Edwards and Mr. 
Rudge axe to meet the Committees of that Company, demand payment, 
and try to get what is possible. That the sum of 593^. 9s. 6d. owing by 
Matthew Plowman be written off as a desperate debt, he to be allowed 
to come to England and follow his business without hindrance from the 
Company. That the debts of Edward Harrington, Thomas King, 
Nicholas Leshire and Roger Scattergood be left as they are now charged 
in the books. The charge against John Pulestone to be written off to the 
account of desperate debts, and inquiries made as to what security was 
given for Henry Blacklock, a factor at Bantam who died in the Com- 
pany's debt. That the Lawsuits Committee summon Thomas Doyley, 
John Heather, George TuUford, Nicholas Leshire, and Nicholas Bucke- 
ridge to adjust their accounts with the Company, and, if they do not, 
then to direct Moses to proceed against them. That Francis Bond who 
is in Barbadoes, and Richard Cooke who is in Ireland be written to and 
desired to make speedy payment of what they owe the Company. With 
regard to the debt of Colonel Cloberry, the Lawsuits Committee are to 
consider this and report what they think should be done, (aj pp,) 

A Court of Committees, June 21, 1678 (Court Book, vol. xxxi, 
p. 19). 

A report from the Committee for Lawsuits and Debts is referred to 
certain Committees who are to consider what demands have been made 
on the Company by factors for wages due from the United Stock, ajid 
ascertain what claim the Committees for that Stock make to any debts 
or effects in the Indies, make a full statement, ‘ bring it to a finall issue 
and report their proceedings to the Court. The Governors for Bethlem 
Hospital consent to the Company taking the cellars and cells of that 
Hospital for twenty-one years at a rental of looZ. with a fine of looZ; for 
three years, and another eighteen years if they please, on giving two 
years warning if they intend to leave. To this the Court consent. 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


191 

provided the said premises are secured from all damage that may occur 
from the common sewer, and these lowered, and the cellars fitted and 
made ready for the Company’s use by July 31 next ; certain Committees 
to cause a lease to be drawn up to the above purport and present a draft 
of it to the Court ; they are also desired to see the work that has to be 
done to the cellars once a week, ^d report progress to the Court. Ware- 
house-room to be provided for Surat calicoes expected by this year’s 
shipping and if any part of the Blue warehouse is available, then that is 
to be made ready for use and directions given for the indigo to be 
placed elsewhere to be garbled. The debts of Henry Greenhill and 
Henry Blacklock to be written off to the account of profit and loss, and 
Blacklock to be written to and told to attend the next meeting of the 
Court. For the better security in future of the Company from losses 
that may happen by any of their factors in the Indies, it is decreed that 
one of the securities given by them must be a London citizen of known 
ability, credit, and estate, and able to meet his obligations. Mr. Beyer 
to deliver to Mr. Moore the two articles of the Company’s demands from 
Mr. Aldewarld. A gratuity of twenty-five guineas to be given to 
Captain Robert Robinson, and of fifteen guineas to Captain Wright, 
commanders of His Majesty’s ships the Harwich and the Antelope, for 
their care in convoying the Surat ships, etc., out of the Channel. The 
Shipping Committee to consider the services of Sir Richard Munden, 
Captain Roope, or any others, in convoying the Company’s ships into or 
from the Downs, etc., report what gratuities should be given them, and 
how much of it should be charged to the account of the owners of the 
ships so aided. The account of Robert Rawlins to be examined. The 
request of Jeremy Sambrooke to be allowed to return the equivalent 
value of diamonds he received from Cassa Verona in treasure, is referred 
to the Treasury Committee for their opinion, (i J pp.) 

A Court of Commitires, June 28, 1678 [Ihid,, p. 21). 

Two bags of damaged pepper to be dehvered to the owners of the 
Golden Fleece, The Treasury Committee report that Jeremy Sambrooke 
paid 4^. i8s. 'jd, for freight of diamonds invoiced at Fort St. George to 
cost 273 pagodas 27I fanams and were brought home in the Mary for 
account of Cassa Verona, the Committee opine that the proceeds of the 
said diamonds may be received into the Company’s cash and a bill of 
exchange for their value given to Sambrooke payable in the Fort thirty 
days after the arrival of any of the next ships from here at the rate of 



192 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

95. the new pagoda ; the Court approve. The warehouses in Leadenhall, 
Gresham College, and the Blue warehouse to be inspected in order to see 
whether there will be sufficient accommodation for the calicoes expected 
home this year, and directions are to be given accordingly. The Lawsuits 
Committee to come to a final conclusion with Mr. Tweedie Crowder 
about his account. Samuel Sambrooke to be summoned to sign his 
account drawn up by Mr. Beyer. The following gratuities to be given, 
viz., thirty guineas to Sir Richard Munden, twenty guineas to Captain 
Wilshaw, and ten guineas to Captain Roope, commanders of the King's 
men-of-war, for their care in convo37ing the Company's ships into and 
out of the Downs, one-third of the said moneys and of what has been 
formerly disbursed in procuring protections and orders for convoys to 
be placed to the account of the owners of the vessels so convoyed, the 
Shipping Committee to give directions accordingly. The owners of the 
Golden Fleece to be paid 3,000/. in part of her freight. Thomas Lewes is 
directed to pay to John Coward, Hamburger, who lately returned from 
St. Helena in the Golden Fleece, 6/. by way of advance on his cattle and 
stock on his plantation, to supply his present necessities, he having been 
brought away contrary to his intention, the 6/. to be charged to the 
account of his said plantation. The Honourable Thomas Herbert is 
admitted to the freedom by redemption. The Governor to give a 
receipt upon the debenture made out by the officers of the King's 
ordnance for 40,000/., the value of the saltpetre sold to His Majesty by 
the Company (here follows a copy of the said debenture and of the 
receipt given by Sir Nathaniel Heme, the Governor). The Committee 
for the Surat Calico warehouse to inspect the ‘tiers’ bought by Mr. 
Aston from the Company and report what they think should be done 
about them. (3 pp,) 

The Company to Henry Hampson, June 28, 1678 {Letter Book, 
vol. V, p. 574). 

Acknowledge his letter telling of the adjustment of the damage about 
the amber and that he intended to send the piece of amber by the first 
ship that offered. They will expect it accordingly, and desire to have an 
accoimt current with it ; also advice as to what further ships the Dutch 
expect from the East Indies this year. (J p) 

A Court of Committees, July 5, 1678 {Court Book, vol. xxxi, p. 24). 

An extension of time to be allowed the arbitrators in the matters 
between the Company and Sir Henry Dacres, they to determine the 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


193 

business by September 5 next, and Messrs. Moyer and Rudge are desired 
to read aJl the papers relating to the same and 'manage" it on the Com- 
pany’s behalf before the arbitrators. The account of Jonathan Aston, 
late purser in the Return^ to be examined and reported. A bill of 
exchange for 41Z. 5s., drawn by the Governor and Council of St. Helena 
payable to Captain John North, is accepted. The petition of Elizabeth 
Read to be considered, her husband’s account stated, and both reported 
to the Court. The Committee for General Accounts to consider what the 
Company’s islands of Bombay and St. Helena with the fortifications and 
those at Fort St. George, their factories, houses, andgodowns in all parts 
of India now used for their trade, also their privileges obtained from the 
several governors, princes, and nabobs should be estimated at, under the 
title of dead stock. What is meet to be charged on cargoes sent out this 
and last year to India and China, with respect to interest and charges, 
according to the sense of the present debate, and give such directions as 
they think fit to the Accountant-General. The owners of the Loyal 
Subject be paid 182/. 12s. iid. (i p.) 

A Court of Committees, July 12, 1678 {Ibid., p. 25). 

The Treasury Committee acquaint the Court that divers persons are 
importuning to bring money into the Company’s cash, to remain at 
interest until there is occasion for its use. It is resolved that money (but 
not above io,oooZ.) may be thus brought in, adventurers and buyers to 
be given the preference in doing this, and in the receipts to be given by 
the Cashier-General it shall be stated that the money is to remain at the 
risk and hazard of the owners. When the Company’s occasions require 
a supply, the Treasury Committee are to direct the use of the said money 
in the order in which it was received, bills to be sealed for it in the usual 
form. The petition of Ursula Williams is referred for consideration. 
Stores remaining in the charge of Captain John Prowd to be disposed of. 
The Accounts Committee to meet and summon Messrs. Lewes and 
Masters to attend them touching information received from Sambrooke, 
take their answers, and report ; all members attending the court to have 
votes. Mr. EUiston to be given 412 dollars, at the rate of 5s. 6 d. a dollar, 
for Consul Nightingale. {^%pp) 

A Court of Committees, July 15, 1678 {lUd., p. 27). 

The Governor reports that yesterday a humble address was made by 
the Company to His Royal Highness asking him to move the King for 

o 


4372 



194 


COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

some frigates to be appointed to ply to the westward to secure the safe 
arrival of the Company's ships expected shortly from the East Indies, 
and gives the answer of the Duke. The Governor also told of the receipt 
of a letter this morning from Secretary Williamson, stating that His 
Majesty has been graciously pleased to order two fourth-rate frigates 
for the required service, and Mr. Secretary Pepys had received direc- 
tions accordingly. Hereupon the Governor and Mr. Houblon are desired 
to request Secretary Pepys that instructions may be sent at once to the 
commanders of the said frigates to ply in stations most likely to secure 
the Company’s ships. A bill of exchange from Edward Evans, surveyor 
of private trade, drawn on the Governor and Company is accepted and 
orders given for it to be paid, (f ^.) 

A Court of Committees, July ig, 1678 {Court Book, vol. xxxi, p. 27). 

The stationer’s bills to be examined, and order is given for los. due on 
the account of Thomas Read, silk dyer, deceased, to be paid. No per- 
sons whatsoever who are permitted to take passage to India to live as 
free planters or merchants in Bombay are to be entertained in the Com- 
pany’s service as factors, writers, or in any other emplosmient without 
the Court’s special order. Captain John Prowd to take a survey of the 
Golden Fleece, if her owners widi it, and ascertain what work is necessary 
to fit her for a voyage to the Indies, provided the Company are imder no 
obligation to employ her unless they see fit ; to this the owners consent. 
The Lawsuits Committee to direct the adjustment of Mr. Heap’s account 
and recovery of money due thereon. No warrant to be made out for 
payment of freight to any owners of ships except by special order of the 
Court, to be signified to the Accountant-General under the hands of two 
of the Committees for private trade. Six pieces of calico returned in the 
Ec^le to be delivered to Sir Bernard Gascoigne free of stated damages, 
(i^) 

Thomas Holden at Falmouth to Sir Joseph Williamson, July 
22, 1678 [PMic Record Office: S,P, Dom., Car, II. 405, no. 130). 

To-day was seen in this bay the Ketch sent out by the East India 
Company, and three great ships came up from the Manacles, which she 
made up to speak with, and when she came up with them she steered the 
same course they did, wind W., so it is believed they may be some of the 
East India ships, the wind contiauing fair ever since, so that a little time 
will better inform us. 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


195 

A Court of Committees, July 26, 1678 {f^ourt Book, voL xxxi, p. 28). 

A report is read from the Treasury Committee touching a small bulse 
of rough diamonds returned in the Sampson, commanded by Captain 
Samuel Chamblet, delivered to the Company in August, 1672, but con- 
signed to Jacob Aboab. The report sets forth that Aboab was then, and 
still is, very much indebted to the Company and agreed that the said 
diamonds should remain in their custody as security and part satisfac- 
tion of his debt to them, but he 'failed in his credit' and is since dead; 
so on July 5, 1678, the bulse of diamonds was opened before sundry 
witnesses at the East India House, the diamonds weighed, and, on 
July 16 sold by the Company's order; they fetched 20L 3s. The 
report is approved. The sum of 74/. to be paid to John Cade, stationer, 
and loZ. to Ursula Williams. Mr. Acton having bought a parcel of Ton- 
quin silks which on being opened were found much damaged, order is 
.given for reasonable satisfaction to be made to him. A petition from 
Edmond Halley is read and referred for examination and report to the 
Shipping Committee. (j.\pp) 

George Dyer for Philip Lanyon to Sir Joseph Williamson, 
Plymouth, July 30, 1678 {Public Record Office: S.P. Dorn., Car, II. 405, 
no. 168). 

This morning the Woolwich came in, put back by contrary winds. 
The Captain declares he met off the Channel seven East India merchant 
ships bound home, who came up the length of this harbour in company 
with him, and are gone up the Channel. 

A Court of Committees, July 31, 1678 [afternoon] {Court Book, 
vol. xxxi, p. 30). 

Letters received from Surat and Fort St. George are read. The 
Court, learning that large quantities of diamonds axe brought home for 
account of strangers and others who have made no entry of bullion for 
procuring them, order that a letter be written to the commanders of the 
seven ships now arrived from the Indies enjoining them to deliver no 
diamonds to any person whatsoever, but to send them to the Com- 
pany's house. ( J p^) 

A Court of Committees, August i, 1678 {Ibid,, p. 30). 

The Court continues the perusal of letters received from Fort St. 
George, Surat, and Bantam. (J p,) 



196 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

Richard Watts at Deal to Sir Joseph Williamson, August i, 
1678 {PuUic Record Office: S.P, Dom., Car. 11 . 405, no. 205). 

Yesterday after or about post time arrived or were coming into the 
Downs seven East India ships whereof three of their captains are dead, 
and one from Virginia, but none of them speak any extraordinary news. 

A Court of Committees, August 2, 1678 {Court Book, vol. xxxi, 
P- 31). 

The Committee for the South Sea Factories to read the advices re- 
ceived by the Golden Fleece and Anne, consider the present state of 
affairs at Bantam, Tonquin, Tywan, and Amoy, and whether it is 
advisable to send a ship this year to China, and, if so, what cargo and of 
what value should be provided and dispatched in her. A'motion made 
for one sale a year only of the Company’s goods to be had is referred for 
consideration, and order is given for a General Court of Sales to be held 
on Tuesday, September 10 next. The Blue Warehouse Committee to 
consider what quantity of the goods now arrived can be taken into that 
warehouse, and cause some sheds to be built on the adjacent ground to 
receive the remainder. Goods from the Scipio and from the first of the 
two other ships from Surat that come first into the Thames, to be ex- 
posed for sale, also goods from the two first of the Coast ships, goods 
from the other to be kept for the spring sale. Money assessed by the late 
Poll Act on adventurers belonging to the nobility of this realm and con- 
cerned in the General Joint Stock, to be paid to Collectors appointed by 
the House of Peers to receive it. A letter from John Smith, a factor in 
the Bay, is read and referred, with the papers annexed, to the Com- 
naittee for the Coast and Bay to consider and report what they think 
should be done. The Governor of Bethlem Hospital represents that 
some extra charge, beyond the agreement, for making conveniency of 
rooms and other accommodation for the Company’s service has been 
entailed, therefore he prays that an increase in the rent or fine settled 
on may be allowed; the matter is referred to certain Committees who 
are to inspect the additional work and report their opinion. The 
Treasury Committee to consider and report how they think the Com- 
pany may best be supplied with bullion for the next year’s shipping ; 
and the Committee for Buying Goods to read the advices received from 
the Indies and consider and report what cargoes should be provided for 
the ensuing year ; and the Surat and Coast and Bay Committees to meet 
this afternoon to settle what alterations should be made in the sorts or 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


197 

quantities of goods mitten for and draw up a letter to this effect to be 
dispatched by Monday's post, (ij pp.) 

A Court of Committees, August 5, 1678 {Ibid., p. 32). 

Directions to be given for delivery of some chests of wearing apparel 
and provisions belonging to Sir William Langhome, late Agent at the 
Fort, also to Edward Herris and Mr. Carpenter who arrived lately from 
India. Henry Hill requests that his son Henry at Surat may be per- 
mitted to come to England as there is no occasion for his service with 
respect to the printing for which he was sent out, and that he may be 
accommodated at Surat with 100Z-, which Mr. Hill, Senior, will pay into 
the Company's cash here. The Court order that, when the said money is 
paid in, a clause shall be written in the letter to Surat to permit Henry 
HiU, Junior, to take passage in the first shipping for England, that he 
be paid looZ., or so much of that sum as he shall wish, and what is paid 
less be made good to his father here. Order is given for the com- 
manders of the Bengal Merchant, Caesar, George, Success, New London, 
Scipio Africanus, and Anne to send at once by the Husband, or who- 
ever he shall appoint, to the Company's house all diamonds, jewels, and 
other fine goods they have on board, and appoint some one to see them 
delivered to Mr. Edwin who is to give receipts for them, so that all may 
be delivered to those to whom they belong. (| p.) 

The Company to Robert Lang and Company [at Marseilles] 
August 5, 1678 {Letter Book, vol. v, p. 579). 

On July 31 last seven of their ships arrived safely from the Indies, 
viz., the Success, George, and Scipio Africanus from Surat; the Caesar, 
New London, and Bended from the Coast and Bay; and the Anne from 
Bantam. Of this they think fit to advise their President and Agent, and 
therefore desire the enclosed packet may be dispatched to Consul 
Nightingale at Aleppo by the first vessel leaving their port. (J p) 

A letter to the same effect is sent to Consul Nightingale to be for- 
warded to Persia, with this addition: They send two packets, one under 
cover to Robert Lang, at Marseilles, the other imder cover to Messrs. 
Ban and Gosfright ; these, being of the same tenor, are to be forwarded 
by separate conveyances. (J p.) 

A Court of Committees, August 7, 1678 {Court Book, vol. xxxi, 
P- 33 )* 

A letter is read from John Hull, a gunner in the service of the King of 



igS COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

Golconda and referred for consideration and report. It is resolved that 
eight three-decked vessels shall be entertained and allowed the same 
freight as was given the last voyage, and the owners of the Loyal Subject, 
Caesar, Golden Fleece, George, Success, Anne, New London, and Bengal 
Merchant offering these ships they are accepted, provided they are com- 
manded by persons of whom the Court shall approve. The Loyal Subject 
and the Caesar to go to Bantam ; the Anne, Bengal Merchant, and New 
London to Surat ; and the Golden Fleece, George, and Success to the Coast 
and Bay. Captain Prowd to have a survey taken of all eight ships and 
report what is necessary to be done to fit them for their voyage. The 
Secretary to notify the owners and commanders of the two two-decked 
ships that there is no occasion for their service this year. The complaint 
against the boatswain in the New London, in her last voyage, to be 
looked into and reported. Certain Committees are desired to assist in 
the delivery of the diamonds and fine goods lately returned from the 
Indies, and brought into the Treasury, to the owners who made entry 
of bullion exported for procuring these in accordance with the bills of 
lading, each owner to pay the usual freight. At the request of the Earl 
of Longford, the President and Council of Surat are to be desired to give 
their best assistance to those His Lordship shall appoint to get in the 
estate of his late brother, Gerald Aungier,^ and order is given for the 
money due to the late President for his one-fourth part of the freight on 
jewels and fine goods to be paid to the Earl, his executor. Debate is 
resumed touching the motion that one sale only should be had in the 
year, but after several arguments for and against, the subject is referred 
until after September lo next. Money due to the account of the late 
Jonathan Aston to be paid. The accounts of Thomas Wedelow, Thomas 
Saunders, Hugh Cooke, and Thomas Harington to be examined. Ben- 
jamin Newland is admitted to the freedom by redemption, (ij pp.) 

A Court of Committees, August 9, 1678 {Court Book, vol. xxxi, 
P- 35). 

The accoimts of the following men to be examined and reported, John 
Field, Robert EUwes, Thomas Garret, and Richard Slagg. The Treasury 
Committee to ascertain whether the jewels and fine goods brought back 
for account of Thomas Gray are the proceeds of his brother's estate or of 
money sent out by himself, if the former then they are to be delivered 


^ Died June 30, 1667. 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


199 


on his producing his bill of lading and paying two per cent. Warehouse 
room to be provided for raw and wrought sUk returned in the Anne as 
near to the other warehouses as possible, and certain Committees are 
desired to see how convenient warehouses may either be built by men 
at their own charge on the ground near the African House or any other 
convenient place, or treat for warehouses already built to accommodate 
the needs of the Company, and report their proceedings. A report from 
the Committee for Bantam and the South Sea Factories is read, in which 
they give it as their opinion that, from the ad\dces received, there is no 
encouragement for the Company to send a ship this year to China, but 
that one should be dispeeded to Bantam some time next month with 
piece-goods (a list of these is given) to be disposed of to the several 
factories as the Agent and Council shall deem advisable ; but with regard 
to how much bullion should be sent in the said ship to enable the factors 
at Siam, Tonquin, Tywan, and Amoy to carry on the Company's trade, 
they leave to the consideration of the Court. Hereupon order is given 
for broadcloths and other piece-goods mentioned to be provided on the 
best possible terms. The Shipping Committee to hasten the refitting of 
the Loyal Subject that she may be ready to leave by the end of September. 
The account of Captain Gregory Field, Governor of St. Helena, to be 
examined, and the desire of his wife for money for her present relief to 
be considered and both to be reported. A letter from the commission 
officers of Fort St. George is read and referred. None of the pepper that 
is ‘out of time' to be exposed for sale in September, but the 9,138 bags 
returned in the Persia Merchant, Loyal Subject, Barnardiston, East India 
Merchant, and Mary to be put up for sale, also the 31 bags of white 
pepper with the rest of the white pepper returned from the Indies. 
Jambi pepper to be priced at per lb., pepper from Biliapatam at 
7^., and white pepper at 7Z. los, the cwt., pepper first mentioned in the 
list that has the longest time for the impost to be put up first. Com- 
mittees for Surat, the Coast and Bay, Bantam and the South Seas to 
read the advices received from those parts and consider whether it is 
necessary to send any, and if so how many, factors and writers this year 
for the Indies. Consideration to be taken as to what drugs and saltpetre 
should be put up for sale in September next. Mr. Ireton requests that 
the executor of his son, Mr. Boscot, may be allowed to transfer an 
adventure of 500Z. in the General Joint Stock, but the Court, oninforma- 
tion that Sigismond Stydolph claims half of the said adventure, refer 
the matter to the Lawsuits Committee, (if pp.) 



200 


COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

A Court of Committees, August 9, 1678 [afternoon] [Court Book, 
voL xxxi, p. 37). 

Captain William Goodlad, commander of the Loyal Subject, is asked 
how ready his ship is for her intended voyage to Bantam, and replies 
that not sJl the owners have been told and asks for time to inform them ; 
on which he is directed to attend next Wednesday with the resolution of 
the owners, or the Court will proceed to the entertainment of another 
vessel and dismiss the Loyal Subject from any further emplo5nnent in 
the Company’s service, (i J pp.) 

A Court of Committees, August 13, 1678 [Ibid,, p. 38). 

A valuation of all the remains of the General Joint Stock is read and 
approved, and order given for it to be communicated to a General Court 
next Wednesday afternoon. (J p.) 

A Court of Committees, August 14, 1678 [Ibid,, p. 39). 

Captain William Goodlad reports that the owners of the Loyal Subject 
accept the Company’s terms for the said ship going to Bantam and wish 
to know what kentledge she is to carry. This is referred to the Bantam 
Committee to ascertain what directions have been given for providing 
kentledge at Bantam, and what proportion must be taken out. The 
said ship is to leave Gravesend by the last of September and her owners 
to sign their charterparty at once. A report from the Committee for 
General Accounts touching Sambrooke’s business is read and approved, 
and the said Committee directed to advise with Counsel as to what is fit 
to be done. The sum of 75^. and no more to be paid to the Governors of 
Bethlem Hospital for additional charge entailed in the work in and 
about the premises, over and besides what was first agreed to. Daniel 
Dupree is admitted to the freedom by redemption. The several Ware- 
house Committees to consider and report what goods should be exposed 
for sale in September next. A letter from Mr. Loyd, chaplain at Surat, 
is read, and order given for him to be allowed to return to England as 
he desires, and members of the Court are requested to inquire for a 
learned and pious minister to supply his place. No directions to be 
given for delivery of any private trade goods out of the warehouses until 
the Court have a particular list of the quantity and quality of what is 
brought back in this year’s ships. All China goods brought back in the 
Anne to be put up for sale, and two tons of tutenague, 5 cwt. in a lot at 
4?. per cwt. The petitions of Hester Ley, Thomas Weedlow, Thomas 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


201 


Satmders, William Marichurcli, William Elson, Robert Andrews, John 
Walls, and Edward Wingfield, with the annexed accounts, to be con- 
sidered and reported. The accounts of the late Jonathan Thresher and 
of the late Ambrose Salusbury to be examined and reported, (ij pp) 

A General Court, August 14, 1678 [afternoon] {Ibid., p. 40). 

The Governor states that the occasion of their meeting is to hear the 
valuation of the General Joint Stock, undivided, drawn up by the Court 
of Committees pursuant to the preamble of March 16, 1665, directing 
this to be done once in seven years ; the said valuation is read. (2 pp)?- 

A Court of Committees, August 16, 1678 [Ibid., p. 42). 

The Committees for the three warehouses under charge of Messrs. 
Richards, Beard, and PapiHon present three separate lists of goods 
judged necessary to be put up for sale next September, of these the 
Court approve and give order for them to be printed. Thomas Crisp is 
admitted to the freedom by patrimony and Walter Overbury and 
Jeremy Snowe by redemption. A small box of diamonds assigned to 
Daniel Mills to be delivered to him free of freight. Mrs. Friswith Field 
to be given 15Z. in part of her husband’s salary. The petition of Captain 
Matthew Crover to be considered. Money due to the accounts of Francis 
Moore and Thomas Garrett to be paid. The late John Heap, linen-draper, 
having left a debt of 268/, for goods bought from the Company and for 
interest, and friends of his widow, who is left in a very low condition, 
having paid 200L of it, the Court remit the remainder in consideration 
of her poor circumstances. Some sherry lately received from Mr. Selwin 
at 'Cales’ to be put up for sale next September, (i p.) 

A Court of Committees, August 21, 1678 {Ibid., p. 43). 

Carmania wool, in the custody of Papillon, said to be very badly 
packed, to be examined, and the ships in which it came to be ascertained 
and directions given for its re-packing. Warrants to be made out for 
pa57ment of money due to the accounts of the following men ; Hugh 
Cooke, Thomas Weddeloe, Edward Winchfield, Richard Slegg, John 
Hunter, John Walls, Jonathan Thrasher, William Maxichurch, and 
Robert EUwes, A report touching kentledge to be provided by the 
owners of the Loyal Subject is approved. The owners of the East India 
Merchant to be paid 807/. i6s. $d. in full of her freight and all other 

* See Appendix, p. 338. 



202 


COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

demands for her last voyage, and the owners of the Scipio Africanus to 
be paid 4,600^. in part of her freight and demurrage. The accounts of 
the following men to be reported: the late Samuel BuUivant, George 
Mills, Captain John Atkins, and John Philips. Sir Matthew Andrewes 
and the rest of the owners of the Barnardiston to be notified to repay the 
300^. more than was due they received on account of her freight. All the 
indigo to be offered for sale. John Walls to be paid 4/. 65. 6 d. according 
to a bill of exchange drawn on the Company by John Wynn, chaplain at 
St. Helena, this sum to be charged to the account of Wynn's salary. 
The qualifications of Mr. Richardson, lecturer at Clapham, who is 
nominated to serve as a chaplain in India, to be ascertained. The 
Court, being satisfied of the 'civil demeanour' of Edmond Halley and 
Mr. Clerke during their stay at St. Helena and in their passage home, 
direct that the owners and commander of the Golden Fleece be desired 
to deliver up the bond of 20Z, taken for their transportation, and the 
Court will account with them for it according to charterparty. The 
Treasury Committee to ascertain whether the diamonds claimed by the 
widow of the late Captain Erwin belong to him, and if so to deliver 
them, but if it is found that any belong to others, then 6 L per cent is to 
be paid to the latter before their delivery. John Hopper to be paid 5Z. 
for service to the Company, {i^pp) 

A Court of Committees, August 23, 1678 {Court Book, vol. xxxi, 
P- 45 )- 

The sum of 5Z. ordered to be paid to John Hopper is to be increased 
to 10/. Mr. Dacosta, an adventurer in the General Joint Stock, having 
exported a considerable sum of money for purchase of diamonds with- 
out paying freight, the matter is referred to the Lawsuits Committee 
who are to advise with Moses as to what should be done to recover the 
Company's dues. Thomas Cooke, one of the owners of the Bombay 
Merchant, requesting that the diamonds brought back in the Success 
may be delivered to him free of freight, the money having been sent in 
the Bombay, whose voyage was diverted to Bantam, the Court agree, if 
it is found to be as alleged, and order that others whose effects have come 
back in the Success are also to be treated in the same way as Cooke. 
Several persons who intend to buy goods at the next sale have de- 
sired to pay money into the Company's cash to remain there without 
interest ; it is left to the discretion of the Treasury Committee to receive 
such money and seal bills for the same, payable on September 20 next. 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


203 


in which it is to be stated that no interest is to be allowed either before 
or at any time after that date. The request of Mr, Bovery for some 
allowance for sannoes found to be wanting in the bale he bought is 
refused, as nothing can be done about goods once they have left the 
warehouse. Thomas, brother of Matthew Gray who died in the Com- 
pany's service at Surat, is admitted to the freedom gratis. A .report 
concerning money claimed by Captain Crover on some baftas found 
wanting is referred till letters are received from Surat. Calicoes and 
other goods in the warehouses at Leadenhall and Gresham College to be 
priced next Tuesday, and rated in accordance with the sense of the 
present debate. Drugs to be priced next Wednesday. The demands of 
Mr. Higham touching some baftas he bought are referred for examina- 
tion. Money due on the accounts of William Thomas and George Mills 
to be paid, and the account of the late Joshua Darley to be reported. 

A Court of Commettees, August 28, 1678 {Ibid., p. 47). 

Order is given for the accounts of the following men to be reported: 
Charles Bendish, Captain James Mariner, Richard Paige, John Kile, 
Edward Cox, and those of Major Puckle and his son Samuel. A repre- 
sentation from the owners of the East India Merchant is read stating 
that they received the pepper at Bantam 'bare weight without having 
a pound upon each draught', the Committee for Private Trade are 
desired to ascertain if the allegation is correct, and if so then in making 
up the said ship's freight, to give the owners the accustomed allowance. 
A list of prices to be put on goods from Leadenhall warehouse to be 
offered for sale is approved, and order given for the same to be printed. 
Mr. Dacosta asking to be given his diamonds now in the Treasury, he is 
told they are detained because he has traded contrary to the rules and 
orders of the Company, but on his submission, he is further told that his 
business is under consideration. The owners of the Success and of the 
Caesar each to be paid 4,000/. in part of the freight of their ships. A 
report of broad cloths and other goods suitable for the Surat Presidency 
is read, in this it is thought advisable that no tin, fine coloured cloth, 
Norwich stuffs, or cloth rashes should be sent, but broadcloths and 
other goods (a list is given) ; to the value of 25/. in drinking glasses and 
other glass toys; 100,000/. in bullion, no gold, but all in silver coin or 
bars, the said goods to be provided on the best terms procurable. The 
Treasury Committee to make such timely provision of bullion for the 



204 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

T pr^iot; as shall be required, and to ascertain what money Humphrey 
Edwin paid for the freight of diamonds returned in the Success, bullion 
for their purchase having been sent in the Bombay Merchant. Money 
due to the account of the late Samuel Bullivant to be paid. The peti- 
tions of Thomas Weedelow and Alice Durant are referred for examina- 
tion. Sigismond Stidolph requesting that the adventure for 2$ol. 
standing in the name of Thomas Bostock may not be transferred with- 
out notice being given to him, he having a right to it, he is directed to 
leave his wishes with the Accountant-General. (2 

A Court of Commixtees, August 30, 1678 {Court Book, vol. xxxi, 
p. 49). 

Sir George Wharton to be paid 94/. i8s. for fees for striking four tallies 
on the customs of io,oooZ. each, for saltpetre bought of the Company. 
The accounts of James Bix, James Hawes, and William Childe to be 
reported, and the sum of 109Z. 2S, 8i. due to the account of Major 
William Puckle to be paid- Order is given for Mr. Dacosta’s diamonds 
to be dehvered, he to pay six per cent freight on their value, which 
appears to be over and above the 2,oooZ. entered out, and to give loZ, to 
the Poor-box, but if between this and next Wednesday he shall show, to 
the satisfaction of the Treasury Committee, how the bullion was 
shipped for purchase of the diamonds, he need only pay three per cent. 
A petition is read from William Fisher who has been much injured by 
an accident on board ship where he was employed in making pepper 
bags, the Husband is directed to see that a surgeon attends to his cure, 
and that Fisher is allowed 5s. a week till this is effected. Order is given 
for all standmg rules and directions made for managing the Company's 
affairs at home and abroad to be collected and copied into a book to be 
kept for the purpose, and in which all future orders are to be copied. 
The owners of the New London and of the George to be paid 4,oooZ. 
respectively in part of the freight of their said ships, (i J pp.) 

A Court of Committees, September 3, 1678 [afternoon] {Ibid,, 
P- 50). 

This day was appointed for consideration of the trade in diamonds, 
whether any restraint should be put upon it, also to the exportation of 
bullion this year ; but the attendance being small the debate was de- 
ferred. A letter from Selwyn and Company, merchants at Cadiz, is read, 
and order given for an answer to be sent desiring them to state what 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


205 


remains to balance the account. A bill of exchange from Henry Hamp- 
son for loZ. to balance his account, drawn on Mr. Metford, is read and 
delivered to the Cashier-General. (J p) 

A Court of Committees, September 4, 1678 {Ibid,, p. 51). 

Order is given for all commanders of the Company’s ships upon 
arrival in the Downs to dispatch at once to the Secretary’s ofSce by some 
trusty person all letters they, or any of their officers, have received in 
the Indies, either for the Company or for any other particular person. 
Money due to the account of the late Captain John Atkins to be paid, 
and the owners of the Bengal Merchant to be paid 4,oooZ. in part of her 
freight. The account of Timothy Wilks, a factor at the Fort, to be 
reported. A petition is read from Elizabeth, wife of John Waterhouse, 
Serjeant, and one from Marie, wife of John Short, corporal, now 
prisoners in Newgate, and direction given for 5s. apiece to be allowed to 
their husbands for their maintenance, to be paid by Thomas Lewes, 
until further order and for the Secretary to wait on the Recorder and 
ask him to move the King for the trial of the prisoners or for their 
names to be inserted in a general pardon. Some damaged pepper re- 
turned in the Success and Scipio Africanus to be delivered to the owners 
of the said ships. A bill of exchange for 40Z., drawn on the Company by 
the Governor and Council of St. Helena, payable to Captain Jonathan 
Andrewes, is accepted, (f p,) 

A Court of Committees, September 6, 1678 [Ibid., p. 53). 

A report from the Committee for the Coast and Bay is read, in which 
they state that only some Norwich and Exeter stuffs, some fashionable 
coloured cloth, coarse and fine, for the use of the garrison and of the 
English Christian inhabitants, are desired at the Coast and Bay; no 
factors or servants are wanted, but the Committee opine that 500 pigs 
of lead should be sent with order not to be disposed of except for ready 
money. Hereupon the Committee for Bu3dng Goods are told to provide 
the stuffs, cloth and lead at the best prices procurable, with four pieces 
of crimson doth and five or six tons of brimstone, to be added to the 
cargo designed for Bantam. Alice, wife of Thomas Durant, boatswain 
in the Tywan, to be given one month’s pay extraordinary for her 
present relief. The Governors of Bethlem Hospital present the draft of 
a lease for the cellars by them let to the Company, this isTeferred to the 
Lawsuits Committee to be perfected according to agreement. Sums 



2o6 court minutes, ETC., OF THE 

ranging from 209Z. 6s, 5d, to 61, 15s, 6d, to be paid to the following men: 
Joshua Darley, John Field, John Philips, John Kille, Edward Cox, 
James Bix, and Richard Harrington. The accounts of the following 
men to be reported: John Wright, William Shepard, William Harris, 
Howard Pinchbeck, Benjamin Waters, John Shapley and Edward Kent. 
A report is read from the Shipping Committee touching the mutiny in 
the New Lofidon on her homeward voyage, and, considering the ill 
consequences that might have occurred if it had not been suppressed in 
time, the Court direct that the owners, with the Deputy Governor and 
others, advise (at their own charge) with some learned civilian how to 
proceed with the Admiralty against the mutineers for bringing them to 
condign punishment, and that the wages due to them be stopped. If 
there is not a vigorous prosecution of them, the Court will consider 
whether the New London shall be again employed by the Company. 
Order is given for the names of the mutineers to be set up in the Com- 
pany’s house and at the Exchange, and all commanders of the Com- 
pany’s ships to be enjoined not to employ them. Mr. Moore, executor 
of Cornelius Aldewarld, requests that the difference concerning Alde- 
warld’s account may be referred to arbitration ; four men are named and 
the matter referred to them to be determined by October 6 next, the 
usual covenants of arbitration are entered into and Jeremy Sambrooke 
is desired to act on behalf of the Company, and Samuel Sambrooke is 
to be notified of the times of meeting of the arbitrators. Only 1,900 
bags of saltpetre to be offered for sale. Only men of good deportment 
and who have been examined as to their knowledge of navigation to be 
permitted to be entertained as first and second mates in the Company’s 
ships. Owners of vessels to acquaint the Court with the order of succes- 
sion aboard their ships, in case of mortality of the commander or chief 
mates, and a clause to be inserted in charterparties to this effect upon 
penalty of 500/. The account of John Billingsly to be reported. Members 
of the Court to attend at the General Court of Sales, their attendance 
to be entered as at the Court of Committees. (2^ 'pp) 

The Company to the Directors of the Netherland East India 
Company, September 9, 1678 {Letter Book, vol. v, p. 581). 

Acknowledge their letter of September 9 [stilo novo) telling of the 
receipt of several letters from India forwarded from England, and 
stating that the last packet by the George had been so misused and tom 
that any one might see and read the letters in it. The Company them- 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 207 

selves were not a little troubled on seeing it in that condition, and at 
once gave order for Mr. Lucie to be told about it. They believe it was 
caused through the carelessness of the Commander's servant who 
brought it ashore and has since run away, not a line except the super- 
scription was seen by any one. Whatever is wanted to be done in order 
to prevent a like inconvenience in future, the Company will acquaint 
their commanders with, but it will be necessary for the Directors to 
instruct their Agents or Ministers to deliver their letters to the Com- 
pany's President or Chief themselves, and not to any private person, 
for then they will be carefully put in the Company's packets and be 
safely delivered. They will be ready on every occasion to show them all 
friendship and respect. p.) 

The Company to John Selwyn and Company, September 9, 1678 
{Ibid,, p. 581). 

Acknowledge their letter of July 4 last with the two accounts en- 
closed, but no particulars of the sale of the goods they wrote for in their 
last of May 9. Desire them to send the money they have in balance of 
the account by the first opportunity, hasten to get in the 2,930 rials, 
outstanding debts to the Company, and advise when this is done. 
Acknowledge receipt of the chest of white wrought ware sent by the 
Freestone, amounting to 16,776 J rials. (J p,) 

A General Court of Sales, September 10-17, 1678 {Court Book, 
vol. xxxi, p. 55). 

Sale of cotton and Floretta yam, Java pepper, white pepper, scum- 
mings of pepper, ambergris, Carmania wool, coffee, cardamoms, cassia 
lignum, spikenard, senna, aloes, benzoin, sal-ammoniac, indigo flat and 
round, indigo shirts, China ginger, green ginger, shell-lac, seed-lac, 
turmeric, cowries, red-earth, redwood, saltpetre, tutenague, sherries, 
longcloth brown and blue, salampores, parcallaes, morees, bettellees, 
Ormgal bettellees, neckcloths, dungarees, sailcloth, ginghams, coloured 
ginghams, izzarees, allejaes, sacerguntes, romalls, mulmuls, nillaes, 
humhums, cossaes, raw taffetas, jeUolsies, tanjeebs, sannoes, damaged 
calicoes, silk, white silk, quilts large and small, chintz broad and narrow, 
chintz caddy, chintz Seronj, tapseils broad and narrow, brawles, ni- 
canees, Guinea stuffs, pautkaes brown, blue and white, derebauds small 
and large, byrampauts, baftas brown, blue, white, broad and narrow, 
sovaguzees, salloes Comvervilla, culgees, peelongs coloured and white. 



2o8 court minutes, ETC., OF THE 

geelings, tea, velvets, damask, satins, musk in cod, baas black, baas 
raw, Japanese chest and escritoire ; with prices and names of purchasers. 

{31 #•) 

A Court of Committees, September 18, 1678 {Court Book, vol. 
xxxi, p. 86). 

Money due on the account of James Hawes and Thomas Hawkins to 
be paid. Six bags of damaged pepper returned in the Anne to be 
delivered to her owners. A parcel of diamonds brought from the Coast 
for the accoxmt of Captain Zachary Brown to be delivered to him, he to 
pay two per cent, as a freeman, for freight. The petition of Francis 
Crandon is read and referred for the account of his son John to be 
examined. The petition of some Portuguese seamen, who came in the 
Success and other ships, is also read and referred to the Shipping Com- 
mittee to ascertain what are the obligations of the several commanders 
as to wages and transportation back to the Indies of the said seamen, 
(i^-) 

A Court of Committees, September 20, 1678 [Ihid., p. 87). 

The owners of the Anne to be paid 3,000/. in part of her freight. It is 
resolved that no more factors or writers shall be entertained to serve in 
the Indies this year. Certain Committees are desired to draw up a true 
statement of the account of Sir Henry Dacres and present it to the 
Court. The account of Joseph Arnold is also to be examined and 
reported. The Committee for Private Trade to consider and report how 
much more money may be imprested to the owners of the ships lately 
returned from the Indies upon account of their freight, over and above 
what they have already received, (i 

A Court of Committees, September 25, 1678 [Ihid,, p. 88). 

The Committees for Surat, the Coast and Bay, Bantam, the South 
Sea Factories, and the Shipping Committee, to read the advices and 
papers received from the said places, with those from the Governor 
and Council of St. Helena, consider what should be done about these 
and any other matters relating to the Company's trade, prepare drafts 
of letters to be written in answer to the said advices, and present them 
to the Court with aU convenient speed. The Treasury Committee to 
provide to the value of 100,000 pieces of eight to be sent in the Loyal 
Subjed to Bantam, to supply the factories of Tywan, Tonquin, Amoy, 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


209 

and Siam, and advice to be sent to the Agent and Council of Bantam to 
distribute the said money to the several factories in accordance with 
the sense of the present debate. The petitions of Alexander Kirkpatrick, 
Elizabeth Bennet, Mary Evets, and William Thomson are referred for 
examination and report. Some canisters of tea in Papillon’s warehouse 
to be examined, in order to ascertain the best means of preserving them 
from further damage. Warrants for payment of freight to be made out 
to the owners of the following ships, viz., the George, Success, Caesar, 
Bengal, New London, Scipio Africanus, and Anne. Damaged calicoes 
returned in the Caesar, Bengal, and London to be delivered to the 
owners of those ships. A butt of wine bought by Mr. Crisp to be ex- 
amined in order to ascertain if any alteration has been made in the 
original mark on it. The Governor to present to the King four pair of 
screens in the Company’s name, he is also to dispose of some parcels of 
tea as he shall judge best for the Company’s service, andMr. Beard to be 
directed to send the ten pots of tea now in his custody to the Treasury. 
The Bantam Committee to provide ‘an engine and spouts for quench- 
ing of fire’ for the factory at Bantam, also a parcel of clear red amber, 
and coral branches, for a present to the King of Tonquin, to be sent in 
the Loyal Subject. Certain sums of money to be paid to the accounts of 
Captain James Mariner, Howard Pinchbeck, William Harris, John 
Shapleigh, and Benjamin Waters, (ij pp) 

A Court of Committees, September 27, 1678 {Rid., p. 90). 

The accounts of Thomas Sherlock and Stephen Flower to be reported. 
One pot of benzoin and one pot of ambergris, returned m the George, to 
be delivered to Captain William Thomson, he to pay two per cent 
freight. The Calico Warehouse Committee to consider what sorts of 
calicoes or other goods made at the Coast and Bay and in the South Sea 
factories should be prohibited and mentioned in charterparties as not 
to be imported in future on account of private trade, and what stated 
damages should be placed on cossaes, mulmuls, and other fine goods 
beyond what has been already settled ; also what goods shall be free for 
ofBlcers and seamen to import for their encouragement, and ascertain 
the value of the goods brought back as private trade this year, from 
whence they came, the quantity and sorts of each, and report. The 
Shippmg Committee to ascertain how the men employed in the last 
ships returned from the Indies were treated by their several com- 
manders as regards diet, etc., and report to the Court. The commanders 

4372 P 



210 


COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

of the seven ships lately returned from the Indies to present to the 
Court next Friday a true account of all goods, merchandise, bullion, 
and persons they took out or brought back in the last voyage, and how 
all were consigned. All owners of vessels entertained this year for the 
i T ifl ifs to give in to the Court the names of the men they wish to go as 
commanders, also the names of the chief, second, and third mates. The 
Shipping Committee to take special care that no commander in the 
Company’s service takes out any but those boimd as apprentices for 
five years whose names must be submitted for approbation; also those 
who are entertained as mariners and seamen for this present voyage. 
Bafts bought by Mr. Shute to be examined, he complaining that they 
are wanting in length. The Auditor to deliver to Mr. Cooper the Journal 
of Captain Parrack now in his custody, and Mr. Cooper to return a 
duplicate of it, attested under his hand to be a true copy. The Com- 
mittee for the Coast and Bay to consider how the prejudice suffered 
by the adventurers in this present Joint Stock, and the kingdom in 
general by the rise m the price of diamonds in India may be prevented 
in future, and report what they think should be done, 


A Court of Committees, October 2, 1678 [Court Book, vol. xxxi, 
p. 91). 

The accounts of Captain John Thomas, John Farr, John Wright, 
John Snooke, Jacob Belvoe, Daniel Harris, Matthew Gray, Thomas 

Kennon, and Farmer to be reported. The Shipping Committee to 

consider what quantity of wine, stores, etc., should be sent to Bantam 
and the South Sess, also how many youths for seamen, and report. 
The two pairs of screens at Gresham College to be sent to Leadenhall 
and delivered to Mr. Richards, who is to send the nine pots of tea to the 
Treasury. The accoimt of the late Anthony Smith, a factor at Surat, 
to be reported. The petition of Elizabeth, widow of Charles Johnson, 
carpenter's mate in the George^ is considered, and it is thought that 
Captain Earning should pay the Value of the money and goods found 
aboard at the time of Johnson's death, and make this good to the 
petitioner. Bafts bought by Mr. Parker to be examined, he complaining 
that they are narrow instead of broad. The allowance made to porters 
at the Pepper Warehouse to be reported. Fees demanded by the 
Keepers of Newgate for Messrs. Waterhouse and Short to be paid. 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


2II 


Treasury Minute, October 3, 1678 [Public Record Office: Treasury 
Minute Book, vi, pp. 49^0). 

The Victuallers axe to have io,oooZ. out of the East India Company's 
loan. . . . 

A Court of Committees, October 4, 1678 [Court Book, vol. xxxi, 
P- 93 )- 

Order is given for a bale of broad bafts to be dehvered to Messrs. 
Parker and Clegat who are to return the bale they received formerly. 
The petitions of Elizabeth Wells and Elizabeth Colier are referred for 
examination and report. Blue baftas bought by Mr. Lee, which he 
complains are full of holes, to be examined. The Shipping Committee 
to ascertain the qualifications and abilities of the men appointed to 
command the eight ships entertained for this year and of the mates who 
are to serve, and report their opinion of them. The request of the Royal 
African Company to be accommodated with 100 copper plates is 
granted, the said Company undertaking to return the same number of 
plates of equal goodness on or before December i next. The arbitrators 
chosen to determine the business depending between the Company and 
Mr. Moore, executor to the late Mr. Alderwarld, to be allowed an exten- 
sion of time, until November 15 next, to bring in their award. Benjamin 
Shute to be allowed 2oZ. for the want of length in some baftas he bought 
at the last sale. A report from the Shipping Committee concerning 
stores, etc., to be provided for Bantam and the South Sea factories is 
read and approved ; in it the Committee recommend that 'fourteen sea- 
men and six younkers' should be sent out to supply the Company's 
ships, 'two sutes of sales, or canvas to make them', cables, cordage, 
anchors, eighteen chests of Canary wine containing thirty gallons each, 
ten barrels of English mum, ten butts of strong beer, ten firkins of butter, 
fourteen 'old Cheshire cheeses putt up in oile, one winde-up jack', a 
dozen wheelbarrows, one great and one small engine, the former with 
pipes, some ' squints ', three dozen iron shovels, three chests of medicines 
of the value of 40/., various sorts of nails, two sets of carpenters' tools, 
two sets of caulking irons, six grinding stones, twelve barrels of pitch 
and tar, sail needles, twine, scrapers, Hnes, and several other small 
things necessary for shipping. Order is given for the said things to be 
bought and laden in the Loyal Subject with all convenient speed and for 
the number of young seamen mentioned to be entertained and sent to 
Bantam. Certain sums to be paid to the following men or to their 



212 


COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

assigns, viz., to John Farmer, Peter Taylor, Thomas Sherlock, Francis 
Taylor, William Thomson, and Captain William Thomson. The quali- 
fications of Richard Elliot and of John Bowton, both recommended to 
serve the Company as chaplains, to be ascertained. The letter written 
by the Viceroy of Goa to the King is referred to the Surat Committee 
to consider and report what they think should be done. (2 pp,) 

A Court of Committees, October 9, 1678), Court Book, vol. xxxi, 
P- 95 )- 

The condition and manner of life of Mr. Castle, son-in-law to Mr. 
Harris, to be inquired into and reported. The Committees for Buying 
Goods and for Shipping to deal with the inhabitants of the city of 
London, rather than with those living at Ratcliffe or elsewhere, for all 
stores, etc., wanted for the service of the Company in the Indies, pro- 
vided these can be had as cheaply. A satisfactory character having been 
received of George Wade, who has been employed as tidesman aboard 
the Company's ships, he is now elected Surveyor in the room of the late 
Edward Evans, at a salary of 20I. a year. The same quantity of wine 
to be supplied for Surat, Fort St. George, and Bantam as last year. A 
paper is read containing reasons to be offered to the King in Council why 
the half impost on pepper should be repaid to importers on exportation 
without time limit and returned to the Committee for Accounts, who 
are to insert the quantity of pepper yearly imported into the kingdom. 
A warrant for 38Z. is signed, payable to J. Calloway, and a former 
warrant in which a mistake was made is cancelled. On hearing that 
when the tallies are delivered to His Majesty's Receiver-General for the 
Customs, some money will stiU be due to the Company when the bonds 
for the customs are discounted, the Court desire the Treasury Com- 
mittee to take an acknowledgement from the Receiver-General of what 
is due on such tallies. Papers delivered in Court by the owners of the 
Golden Fleece are referred to the Committee for Private Trade for report. 
The account of Captain William Smith and of Nathaniel Whetham to be 
stated and reported. The petition of Marie March is referred for con- 
sideration. Mr. Lee to be allowed 25Z. for damaged piece-goods. At the 
request of Captain Cooke, commander of the East India Merchant, 
Manud, a native of India is granted a passage m the Loyal Subject, he 
to pay the cost of his transportation to Bantam. The Treasury Com- 
mittee to ascertain whether the diamonds and fine goods returned for 
account of the late Anthony Ledger, surgeon, are the proceeds of his 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


213 


estate or of some other, and report. Money due to the accounts of 
Phillip Mercer, John Wright, and Jacob Belvoe to be paid. Anne, the 
wife of John Gold who was taken prisoner in the Hannibal, to be 
allowed one month’s pay. All sorts of goods and merchandise from the 
Indies made of cotton or silk to be henceforth prohibited as private 
trade, and the Committees are to consider whether indulgence shall be 
given to the commanders, officers, and men, and to the factors in the 
Indies to trade in these prohibited commodities, and, if so, then in what 
proportion and in which sorts; they are also to consider the stated 
damages for insertion in charterparties in case of any breach in the 
Company’s rules, {zpp) 

Treasurer Danby to Sir Nathaniel Herne, October 10, 1678 
{Public Record Office: Warrants not Relating to Money, vh, p. 255). 

If His Majesty’s affairs did not require a further loan from the East 
India Company, I should not now have given you or them this trouble. 
But His Majesty remembering with what affection and readiness they 
supplyed him the last year, he doubts not (the occasion being now as 
great) that they will as cheerfully give their assistance in supplying him 
with the loan of 30,000?. in money and 20,000?. in saltpetre: for repay- 
ment whereof they shall have assignments upon the customs of their 
own goods, which shall not be diverted to any other use till the Com- 
pany shall be fuUy satisfied as they desire. I hope the unsatisfied re- 
mainder of last year’s loan will be no obstruction to this, considering 
how very acceptable and seasonable a service it will be to His Majesty, 
of whose constant kindness they have from time to time received such 
large testimony. I desire you to communicate this to the Company, and 
to assure them that no further loan will be desired from them till this 
be fully repaid : and as I question not to find a ready complyance herein, 
so they shall never fail of the best services which can be paid them by 
myself. 

A Court of Committees, October ii, 1678 {Court Book, vol. xxxi, 
P- 97)* 

Leonard Robinson is admitted to the freedom by redemption. A letter 
from the Lord High Treasurer to the Governor to be communicated 
to the Company is read in which the desire of the King to be supplied 
with a loan of 30,000?., and with saltpetre to the value of 20,000?. 
is signified. His Majesty’s occasions requiring both; for repayment 



214 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

the Company shall have assignments on their own customs. Hereupon 
it is decided to summon a General Court of the Adventurers to meet 
next Tuesday at 3 o’clock in the afternoon when the said letter shall 
be read and they told that in the opinion of the Court it is for the 
Company’s service that His Majesty’s desires should be complied with. 
The qualifications of Mr. BaUe, who is recommended to serve as a chap- 
lain in India, also those of Mr. Gyfford, to be ascertained. The Gover- 
nors of Bethlehem Hospital to be paid 175^., viz., xooL for a fine agreed 
to be given for a lease of the cells and cellars belonging to the Hospital, 
and 75L for additional charges for work about the cellars, over and 
above what was at first agreed to. The Treasury Committee to con- 
sider the motion for the better security of the Company’s money and 
bullion in their house. The accounts of the late John Billingsley and of 
Joshua Burrowes to be reported. The petition of Humphrey Fletcher 
with the paper annexed is referred for examination and report. Money 
due to the accounts of Philip Mercer, John Wright, and Nathaniel 
Whetham to be paid, according to reports now read, (i p,) 

A General Court, October 15, 1678 {Court Book, vol. xxxi, p. 99). 

The Governor states that the occasion of their meeting is for the 
Generality to be told of a letter he has received from the Earl of Danby, 
the Lord High Treasurer. The letter is read, it is to the following effect, 
viz.. His Majesty’s affairs require a further loan from the Company, 
and, remembering with what affection and readiness they supplied him 
last year, he doubts not (the occasion being now as great) that they will 
as cheerfully give their assistance by supplying him with a loan of 
30,000^. in money, and with saltpetre to the value of 20,oooZ. ; for repay- 
ment they shall have assignments on their own customs, which shall not 
be diverted to any other use until the Company shall be fully satisfied. 
His Lordship adds, 'he hopes the remaine of the last years loane wilbe 
noe obstruction to this, considering how acceptable and seasonable a 
service it wDl be to His Majesty, of whose constant kindnesse they have 
from time to time received such large testimonies’. No further loan will 
be desired from them until this is fully repaid, and, not doubting their 
ready compliance His Lordship assures them that his best services 
shall never fail. The Governor states that there is owing upon the last 
loan between 15,000/. and 17,000/., which would have been paid if all 
the Company’s ships had arrived that were expected home this year. All 
money formerly lent has been duly paid, also all received for saltpetre 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 215 

sold for the King’s use. His Majesty is upon all occasions graciously 
pleased to promote the welfare of the Company by granting them con- 
voys, etc., and the Court of Committees are of opinion that compliance 
with his desires will be of service to the Company, especially as the salt- 
petre is to be employed for the defence of the k^gdom. Hereupon it is 
resolved by a majority of hands that the Court of Committees be 
empowered to appoint some persons to contract with those to be 
appointed by His Majesty for saltpetre to the value of 20,000/. at a 
certain rate, and the question of the loan of 30,000/. being put to the 
ballot, it is passed in the affirmative and the Court of Committees are 
desired to procure the Company’s customs to be settled for satisfaction 
of what the saltpetre shall amount to and for repayment of the loan in 
the best way they can. (i p) 

A Court of Committees, October 16, 1678 {/&«/., p. 100). 

Certain sums due on the account of Robert Yabsly, Joshua Burrowes 

and HiU to be paid. The written request of Captain Zachary 

Browne, commander of the Anne^ that his son may be allowed to com- 
mand that ship is refused, and order given for her owners to nominate 
some fit person to command her, and be presented to the Court next 
Friday, and for the names of three men to go in her as mates to be given 
in. Captaia Earning, commander of the George, to be notified to attend 
the Court next Friday. The owners of the Barnardiston to be written to 
and requested to pay what is due on that ship’s accoimt. The petitions 
of William Bonner and George Moore are referred for examination and 
report. George Wade, one of the Surveyors of Private Trade, takes his 
oath for faithful discharge of the duties of his post. Captain William 
Goodlad presents the names of his mates entertained for the voyage to 
Bantam, viz., James Legg, Chief, Thomas Heath, second, and Joseph 
Pond, third; the Court approve. Charles Bendish, late a factor in 
India, to be allowed five per cent interest on what money shall appear 
to be due for his salary on the adjustment of his account. A black 
servant of Mr. English to be permitted to take passage in the Loyal 
Merchant for Bantam, he paying the cost, (i J pp) 

A Court of Committees, October 18, 1678 {Ibid,, p. loi). 

Baftas bought by Mr. Hopkins at the last sale to be examined, he 
alleging they are short in length. The behaviour and carriage of 
Captain Earning to be ascertained and reported. The petition of 



2i6 court minutes, ETC., OF THE 

Captain William Swanley, commander of the Success, to be continued 
in his post is refused, and the owners to be desired to present some one 
else to that command next Friday. A report touching the accounts and 
pretensions still depending between those interested in the late United 
Stock and the present General Joint Stock is read, it is to the following 
effect, viz., the Committees find that on July 12, 1669, an adjustment 
was agreed upon between those interested in both Stocks, when it was 
provided that the United Stock should secure and save harmless the 
present General Joint Stock from any claims and demands that were or 
should be made by the factors, servants, or any others, either for wages, 
or any pretence whatsoever, for any service, transaction, or affair during 
the time of the said United Stock, and for which they were any ways 
chargeable, as also from all losses, expenses, and charges accruing or 
befalling to this present General Joint Stock thereby. Since that time 
many charges through lawsuits have arisen, amounting to 146^. 12s. 
but as some of these costs were adjusted before the said date (July 12, 
1669), and some of them might relate to matters in which the United 
Stock had no concern, the Committees think that those interested in the 
United Stock need allow but 66 L 13s. for all charges expended on 
their account to this day. But as those interested in the said United 
Stock pretend that there are still some debts owing to them in India by 
Tothersay and others, and many pretences have been made in India of 
debts owing by the United Stock, and the Committees find that nothing 
has been received from the one nor anything paid by the other in all this 
time, they deem it necessary that a final end should be made between 
the two Stocks, and therefore suggest that, as the General Joint Stock 
may be molested for the one, so those interested in the United Stock 
should resign to them the other. Lastly the Committees find that there 
is due to the United Stock 1,700?. principal, and 127?. los. for eighteen 
months’ interest to the 12th of this month of October, in all 1,827/. los. ; 
and deducting 66/. 13s. 4c/. for charges as above, there remains 1,760/. 
i6s. 8^., which the Committees think should be paid to those who shall 
be empowered to receive it, they resigning their debts and demands in 
India to this present Joint Stock, and that then each Stock discharge 
'all demands or pretences one of the other’. The Court approve of the 
above report and give order for the said 1,760/. i6s. M, to be paid to 
those empowered to receive it for account of those interested in the 
United Stock, they signifying their debts and demands in India to the 
present Joint Stock, and each Stock reciprocally to discharge each othd: 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


217 


of all demands and pretences whatsoever. The account of Cuthbert 
Reeves to be reported. It is resolved that no adventurer in the present 
Joint Stock who is security for any factor or writer in India whose 
accounts are in question shall be permitted to sell or transfer his ad- 
venture without the leave of this Court, and the Accountant-General, 
before making any such transfer, is to acquaint the Court about the 
same and receive their directions, and the Secretary to notify Mr, Beyer 
from time to time of those who shall become security for any of the 
Company's factors or writers, (if pp.) 

Warrant, October 19, 1678 {Public Record Office: Entry Book of 
Signed Warrants, p. 119). 

East India Company's King's warrant for 30,000/. in money and 
20,000/. in saltpetre. 

A Court of Committees, October 25, 1678 {Court Book, vol. xxxi, 
p. 103). 

Money due upon the account of Cuthbert Reeves to be paid, and the 
account of Thomas Day to be reported. Some musk returned in the 
Caesar for account of Robert Douglas to be delivered on payment of 
two per cent, if it is found that he is employed by the Company as 
a surgeon at the Bay. A report on goods to be prohibited in charter- 
parties, and indulgences to be granted to commanders, seamen, and 
owners is returned to the Committee for the Calico Warehouse for 
further consideration. The owners of the Success presenting Captain 
Robert Cooley to command her in place of Captain William Swanley, 
the Court approve. Treasure designed for Bantam to be sent aboard the 
Loyal Subject by the first opportunity, and permission is given to her 
Captain, William Goodlad, to bring from Bantam for accoxmt of himself 
and his seamen three tons of cassia lignum free of stated damages, 
provided it is part of the five per cent allowed the owners. John Dacres 
to be allowed to send in the said vessel a black servant for Bantam on 
payment of his passage. Upon the request of Sir Jonas Moore that some 
gentlemen may be nominated to treat about the saltpetre to be fuF- 
nished to the King, the Court desire the Deputy Governor, Sir John 
Banks, and the Treasury Committee, or any three of them, to treat with 
the Master of His Majesty's Ordnance 'for the saltpetre at what they 
think a reasonable rate, but not for less than the last parcel was sold to 
His Majesty. Order is given for 20/. to be paid on account of salary due 



2I8 


COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 


to the late John Billingsley, but no interest is to be allowed. Lead to be 
provided and sent aboard the ships designed for the Coast. The owners 
of the ships, Loyal Subject^ Caesar j George, Success, Golden Fleece, Ann, 
Bengal Merchant, and New London, entertained this year by the Com- 
pany for service for the Indies, are ordered to give in the names of the 
commanders, and of the first, second, and third mates to be employed 
for the voyage, the mates, according to seniority, to succeed in com- 
mand of the said ships in case of the death of the present commanders, 
and, if the owners appoint any others than those they shall name in 
writing to the Court to succeed in command without the licence or 
approbation of the Court, or in any other order than that expressed, the 
ship or ships and the commanders of the same shall not be entertained 
again, but be for ever excluded from the Company’s employment. The 
petition of Mary Milton is referred tmtil information as to her carriage 
and demeanour has been ascertained. The Committee for Buying 
Goods to ascertain whether any more cloth or lead should be provided 
to be sent to the Coast and Bay. The petitions of Arthur Gawden and 
John Scottey are read, and order given to the owners of the New 
London to pay the wages of those officers and seamen of that ship as 
they think fit. Captain William Goodlad to be permitted to ship out 
2,000 dollars for himself, his officers, and men freight free. The Calico 
Warehouse Committee to consider the kind and quantity of goods to be 
written for to be provided at Tonquin, Amoy, and other South Sea 
factories, and report. The owners of the Barnardision and Messrs. 
Arnold & Robson to be notified to pay the Company what is due on 
their accounts ; and the secmity of Mr. Fleetwood to be called upon to 
adjust the latter’s account with the book-keeper. (2 J pp) 

A Court of Committees, October 28, 1678 (Court Minutes, voL 
xxxi, p. 105). 

Wi ll i am BagnaU to be paid 70?. 15s. /\d, due to his account according 
to a report received. (|^.) 

A Court of Committees, October 30, 1678 (Ibid., p. 106). 

Money due upon the account of John Canham to be paid. A satis- 
factory diaracter having been received of Joshua Richardson, he is 
elected a chaplain to serve the Company at Surat at a salary of 50Z. a 
year and an aimual gratuity of 50/. for his encouragement, to begin 
from his embarking at Gravesend; he is also to be allowed 20I. for 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


219 

necessary accommodation and fresh provisions for the voyage. Ben- 
jamin Waters, entertained as a seaman, to be permitted to take with 
him in the Loyal Subject 100 pieces of eight freight free. The petition 
of Robert Barker is referred for examination. Information to be 
ascertained as to the positions for which Griffith and Cooke were 
entertained at their going out to the South Seas, and the Committee for 
those parts to report what places they are to take in the Council there. 
The Shipping Committee to treat with the owners of the Loyal Subject 
about an abatement of what the Company is to pay for her half kent- 
ledge if she should be dispatched for England within two months after 
her arrival at Bantam, (i j>.) 

Charles Bertie to the Treasurer of the Navy, October 30, 
1678 [Public Record Office: Out Letters [General), p. 334), 

Treasurer Danby has directed that the 30,000?. borrowed of the East 
India Company be paid over to you for the service of the Navy 

Treasury Minute, October 31, 1678 [Public Record Office: Treasury 
Minute Book, vi, p. 53). 

That the charge upon the customs by warrants and tallies shall not 
exceed 430,000?. per annum over and beside the East India Company’s 
customs and the charge of management. . . . 

A Court of Committees, November i, 1678 [Court Book, vol. xxri, 
p. 107). 

Red and green broadcloth, twelve pieces of scarlet, and 100 pigs of 
lead to be provided, in addition to what has been procured already, and 
put with the cargo of goods designed for the ships going to the Coast and 
Bay. The bill of the plumber for work done to the Company’s house to 
be examined. The boatswain and gunner in the Success complaining to 
the Court that the owners of that ship refuse to pay them their wages, 
the Court desire the Shipping Committee to speak with the owners and 
petitioners together, and report why the said wages are not paid; the 
said Committee is also requested to examine the books of the pursers 
returned from the Indies this last year, ascertain what credit has been 
given to the seamen for brandy and other necessaries supplied them in 
the voyage over and above the one-third part of their wages, direct the 
commanders to pubKsh the Court’s order of July 13, 1677, among the 
men, that they are not to have any credit beyond that amount, and see 



220 


COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

it is effectually observed, the commanders are also to carry out a suffi- 
cient proportion of slops for the clothing and accommodation of the 
men in the voyage. The Committee are also to give directions to Mr, 
Lewes for the bonds to be given by the officers and men to the respec- 
tive commanders to be made out in the form formerly used, and all 
prohibited goods, both outwards and homewards, to be enumerated. 
They are also to tell the owners and commanders the Court has directed 
that the ships' companies shall be paid their wages by the Paymaster at 
his office in the Company's house, to prevent the abuses complained of 
by the men of the long detention of their wages after the ships are 
cleared. The Committee for Private Trade to read the account of bul- 
lion carried out in the ships to the Coast and to Surat in 1676, ascertain 
what diamonds and other fine goods were imported on accoimt of 
private trade in the said ships for which the Company have not received 
freight, compare these with the returns given in by the commanders, 
require those still wanting from them, pursuant to their covenants in 
charter-party, and cause them to swear to the said accounts, and report 
to the Court. Order is given for the wife of Nicholas Bix, a pensioner in 
the Company's Alms-house at Poplar, to depart from the lodging assigned 
to her husband and not to return under any pretence ; if she wishes to 
take her husband with her, the Court declare that besides the 5s. given 
to Bix for his maintenance he shall be allowed another 2s. weekly during 
his life for his lodging somewhere else. Captain Proud to notify Bix of 
this and pay him if he moves. The Deputy Governor reports that the 
Master of the King's Ordnance refuses to give more than 53s. the cwt. 
for the saltpetre to be sold to His Majesty, and the Court declare that it 
cannot be sold at less than 555. the cwt., that being the medium price 
given for it at the last sale in September. It is resolved that if any 
Committee shall leave before the Court rises, without the leave of the 
Governor or Deputy, his appearance will be void for that day. Order is 
.given that the owners of the Anne are to give in the name of a com- 
mander and mates for that ship next Wednesday ; in default of this 
another vessd will be provided in her room, (i| fp) 

A CouKT OF Committees, November 6, 1678 [(^ouri Book, vol. xxxi, 
p. 109). 

Messrs. Boone and Papillon to read the indenture of covenants drawn 
up between the Company and the United Stock, and certify their 
opinion as to whether it is consonant with the report lately made and 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


221 


agreed to by this Court. A box of diamonds and pearls and a smaU 
parcel of musk returned in the Anne for the account of Mr. St. Leger 
to be delivered to him on payment of two per cent, if it appears that he 
is employed as a surgeon in the Company's service in India. The owners 
of the Success present William Swanley, John Addams, and William 
Madox to be chief, second, and third mates in that ship, and the Ship- 
ping Committee are desired to ascertain the qualifications of the two 
last men and report ; and the Court consent to William Swanley being 
taken on as chief mate provided he gives in an exact account upon oath 
of the bullion he carried out, and of the encommendoes he brought back 
in the Success the last voyage ; the said Committee are also to inform 
themselves of the abilities and qualifications of William Whitchurch, 

Leonard Browne, Robert Browne, and Stafford, presented by the 

owners of the Anne to be commander and mates in that ship. The Com- 
mittee of the Blue Warehouse to inspect the musters of drugs from 
India now in the custody of George Papillon, decide whether any, and 
what proportion of them should be returned in this year's ships, and re- 
port. A satisfactory report having been received of the abilities and 
qualifications of Richard Elliot, he is elected to be a chaplain in India at 
an annual salary of 50Z. and 50I. gratuity, to begin from the time he 
embarks at Gravesend; he is also to be paid 20L for accommodation and 
fresh provisions for the voyage. The Treasury Committee to affix the 
Company’s seal to the counterpart of the lease granted to them of the 
warehouses at Bethlehem Hospital; also to a certificate of the rate at 
which the Company sold their coffee in March last. The daughter of 
Mr. HyUiard to be permitted to take passage in one of the Company’s 
ships going to Fort St. George, her father to pay the cost. Esquire 
Bertie states that the King’s occasions require speedy payment of the 
loan of 30,000^. from the Company, and, as the price of the saltpetre has 
not yet been settled, the Lord Treasurer has obtained the royal warrant 
for passing the letters patent for the money without the saltpetre; 
hereupon the Court desire Lord Berkeley to assure the Lord Treasurer 
of the Company’s readiness to pay the money and keep their saltpetre, 
upon His Lordship procuring His Majesty’s warrant to prevent any 
obstruction in shipping it out. (i J j>p,) 

The Company to Captain William Goodlad, November 6, 1678 
{Letter Book, vol. vi, p. ii). 

They have freighted his ship the Loyal Subject for a voyage to the 



222 


COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

Indies and order him to use his utmost endeavours to get her into the 
Downs and from thence ply his voyage at the first opportunity to 
Bantam. He is to steer at least thirty leagues to the westward of the 
Madeiras, to avoid Turks and other pirates who usually are about there. 
On arriving at Bantam he is to follow the orders given by the Agent and 
Council there for his further proceedings. In regard of 'these trouble- 
some times ' he is to keep his vessel in a good posture of defence during 
the whole voyage, keep up the worship of God in his ship and good order 
amongst his men, do his best for a speedy passage to such ports as he is 
to call at and also for return to England, and so have the more season- 
able time for coming about the Cape. On arriving at St. Helena he is to 
keep company with as many of the Company's ships as are there or shall 
come during his stay, consult with them how best to arrange them- 
selves in case they should meet with an enemy, and, to avoid all mis- 
understandings, they must rank themselves according to seniority in 
command, be always on the defensive, more especially on nearing the 
English coast, trust no Turks (with whom there is war) nor any Euro- 
pean nation, as it is not known how affairs may stand before their 
return. He is to bear in mind the proclamation of the King concerning 
the wearing only the usual English flag and ensign both on his outward 
and homeward voyage to St. Helena, receive no letters from any Euro- 
peans for conveyance to their correspondents, but only those given to 
him by the Agent and Council, or from their factors and servants to 
friends and relations in England. He is to have no communication at 
Bantam with the Sultan or any of his ministers or great men without 
leave from the Agent and Council, nor visit them without being accom- 
panied by some of the Council. Pray for his prosperous voyage and 
happy return, (i^.) 

A Court of Committees, November 8, 1678 [Court Book, vol. xxxi, 

p. III). 

The Lawsuits Committee to summon all who are indebted to the 
Company to come before them, cause them to hasten payment of what 
they owe, and prosecute all they think necessary. Moses is instructed to 
begin a suit against Tweedie Crowder in the Company's name, but to 
notify him before doing so. Mrs. Sarah Beresford and her maid to be 
permitted to take passage in one of the Company's ships going to the 
Fort, Mr. Shepherd to pay the cost, Mr. Carpenter, who has served the 
Company for many years, to be allowed to export in the Loyal Subject 



JSAM ISSViA LUM^AJN X 


223 


1,000 dollars to Bantam, he paying one per cent freight. Order is given 
for the damaged calicoes returned in the Scipio Africanus, Success, and 
George to be delivered to the owners of those ships. Mrs. Erwyn to be 
asked to let the Company see her husband's books in order to obtain 
a certain account of all the bullion carried out in the 'New London and 
of the diamonds and fine goods she brought back. The Governor reports 
that last night Secretary Bertie told him the Lord Treasurer is willing 
that the Company should be allowed 55s. a cwt. for the saltpetre to be 
sold to the King, and letters patent should be drawn up for that and for 
the loan of 30,000^. ; hereupon Sir John Banks is desired to assist in 
seeing the letters patent and the tallies to be struck passed in the usual 
manner, and to give Mr. Richards directions about the same. Certain 
of the Committees to speak with the Commissioners of Customs about 
the rate and value of coffee, the custom of which is now to be cleared by 
the Company, and tell them that the rate certified under the Company's 
common seal is the medium price and was its worth when imported, 
(i^) 

The Company to the Governor and Council at St. Helena, 
November 8, 1678 {Letter Book, vol. vi, p. 13). 

Their last to them dated March 15, 1678, was sent in the Johanna ; 
Major John Blackmore, whom they had appointed to succeed Captain 
Gregory Field as Governor of St. Helena, also went in that ship. In the 
said letter they sent large directions for the government and security of 
the island and all else relating to the management of affairs there, to 
which they expect a due and punctual compliance. Acknowledge 
receipt of their letters of March 6 and May ii, 1678, and note the great 
want of provisions ; this was supplied by the Company's commanders, 
but they wonder that in all this time the inhabitants have not been able 
to raise a sufficient store from their plantations, which doubtless might 
have been done had sufficient industry been employed. Hope that the 
experience and care of Major Blackmore will show the planters a better 
way of husbandly for improving the ground allotted to them, for they 
cannot expect to be always supplied from the Company's ships as 
hitherto, considering the large supplies sent lately. The money they 
took from Captain Crover, his purser. Captain North, and Captain 
Andrews by bills of exchange amounting to 140Z. 5s. has been paid, but 
in future they are to be very sparing in raising money in this way, except 
in extraordinary emergencies, but in no one year must they exceed looZ. 



224 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

What they wrote about John Coward ‘the Hamburgher’ was true, for 
he returned in the Golden Fleece and stated that he 'was overtaken in 
drinck' when aboard her and when she set sail was unwittingly brought 
away, therefore, out of compassion, the Company gave him six pounds 
to take him to his own country, which is to be charged upon the cattle 
and stock he left on his plantation, and must be made good to them. 
Their chaplain, John Wynn, has written to them for leave to return 
to England, they have granted his request and desire that he may be 
given a passage in the first of their ships returning to Europe, and 
informed that 75/. has been paid for his use to Mr. Harbyn. Lieutenant 
Jonathan Tyler, Joseph Smith, a soldier, and John Miles, a seaman, 
are also to be allowed to take passage for England, applications having 
been made by their relations on their behalf. They are troubled to hear 
of so much disorder amongst those in Council and others, but hope by 
this time that things have been thoroughly examined and brought 
to a better regulation; they expect a particular account of it all. 
Considering how 'troublesome’ the times are like to be, and not 
knowing how affairs may stand between His Majesty and other Euro- 
pean nations before this letter comes to hand, they specially recommend 
them to fortify the island and guard all avenues by which any approach 
may be made to it, to keep the inhabitants sober and temperate, and 
strictly prohibit the making of any fires on the island for signals, for 
they understand from 'the Hamburgher’ that in the surprise made by 
the Dutch the fires gave them a great advantage, also the intemperance 
of the inhabitants, many of whom were found drunk on guard. They 
win send another chaplain to succeed Mr. Wynn at the first opportxinity, 
and hope the latter will continue with them until then, (i J pp.) 

Charles Bertie to the Navy Commissioners, November 8, 1678 
{Public Record Office: Out Letters [General) ^ p. 338). 

There is a sum of 30,000/. borrowed by Treasurer Danby from the 
East India Company. It will be paid to the Treasurer of the Navy to be 
by him issued to the uses following: viz., 14,000/. for payment of the 
Yards, 8,000/. for salary and half pays, and rent, etc., of your own Navy 
Of&ce for half a year, 6,000/. for bills of exchange from Sir Thomas 
Clutterbuck, etc., 2,000/. to be paid to Mr. Gibson for sick and wounded. 
Treasurer Danby desires you to assign payment thereof accordingly, so 
that the bills may be ready for pa3ment as soon as the money shall be 
received. 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


225 

Royal Warrant, November 9, 1678 {PuUic Record Office: King's 
Warrant Book, vi, pp. 102-3). 

To the Attorney or Solicitor-General for a great seal for the pajnnent 
to the East India Company of 50,000^. with 6 per cent interest for same ; 
being as security and repajnnent of a loan of 30,000/. in money which 
the said Company have agreed to advance and lend to His Majesty, and 
of 363 tons 12 J cwt. 25 lb. of saltpetre which said Company have agreed 
to furnish to the Ordnance stores, the said saltpetre amounting at the 
price to 20,000/. thus making 50,000/. in all. The interest of the said 
30,000/. is to commence from the time of the loan made and the interest 
for the 20,000/. for the saltpetre is to commence from the time of the 
delivery thereof; and both interests to continue to the respective tunes 
of payment of the principal, but to sink and be abated proportionately 
and as fast as any part thereof shall be paid off. The whole is to be paid 
out of the customs of East India commodities imported or to be im- 
ported by the said Company after satisfaction to them of the 60,000/. 
and interest thereof mentioned in the letters patent of January 24 last. 
Tallies are to be struck at the Exchequer on the customs for said 
50,000/. and interest and to be delivered to said Company for the better 
securing and payment of the said 50,000/. and interest. And as the said 
Company have by their charter six and six months time for the pay- 
ment of their customs from their respective times of entry or importa- 
tion, they are hereby to be allowed discount of interest for the said time 
of six and six months to be computed and certified from time to time by 
the Customs of&cers. AH other clauses axe to be inserted for the due and 
orderly payment of said 50,000/. and interest without interruption or 
further warrant and preferable to any other payments to be made out 
of the said Company’s customs duties. 

Pass, Whitehall, November 9, 1678 (RMic Record Office: S,P, 
Dom,, Car. II, Entry Book 334, p. 560). 

For Thomas Hicks, purser of the Loycd Subject, now bound for India 
in the service of the East India Company, who is to repair to Deal with 
the Company’s packets and other letters to their factors and others in 
India, to pass to Deal and thence repair on board the smd ship. 

A Court of Committees, November 15, 1678 {Court Book, vol. xxxi, 
p. 112). 

Tlie Treasuiy Committee to afi&x the Company’s seal to one part of 

«« 0 



226 


COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

the indenture of covenants made between this Company and the 
trustees of the United Joint Stock. A stock not above 2io,oooZ. in 
bullion and goods to be provided and sent in this year's shipping to the 
Coast and Bay. A report is read from the Committee for the Coast and 
Bay touching indulgence to be given to commanders, officers and sea- 
men, and to the Company’s factors ; also concemmg stated damages on 
several goods to be inserted in the charterparties ; in this the Committee 
opine that the same indulgence should be allowed as was granted by an 
order of Court of October lo, 1677 {no Court noted of this date) the same 
indulgence to be allowed to owners of ships for what is sent in a joint 
stock, but none to be given to any owner in particular or apart, either 
for goods or bullion. That before any goods are delivered to any com- 
manders, of&cers, or seamen from the warehouses they are to declare 
upon oath that the goods they claim are their own and brought back on 
their own account, and if such is not done within sixty days after the 
ship’s discharge, then double the stated damages set upon the goods 
shall be paid and allowed by the owners out of the freight due from the 
Company or the value of the goods iu London. That the same indul- 
gence shall be allowed to factors at their going out and returning home 
as is granted by the order of Court of October 10, 1677, and during thek 
stay in India the same indulgence may be given them as is granted by 
the said order, except for ah striped and flowered silks from the Bay, 
which they propose may be left out of the indulgence and that instead 
of gold and silver stuffs they shall be referred to as stuffs wrought with 
gold and silver throughout the piece. Concerning stated damages to be 
allowed in charterparties, they give these in detail at so many shillings 
the yard of silk or cotton goods. They cannot as yet certify what 
amount of private trade has been brought home this year from Surat 
and the Coast, no perfect return having been made 'from the water- 
side’. The Committee also give a clause to be added to the charter- 
parties which obliges owners of ships to bring from St. Helena free of 
charge men who can be spared from thence to take the place of those 
who have died during the voyage. A complaint made by Mr. Higham 
to be considered and reported. The sum of 158Z. 12s. 3 to be paid to 
Wflliam Smith. The Lawsuits Committee to make a final agreement 
with Tweedie Crowther, but not to take less than 150Z. in payment for 
his debt to the Company. The accounts of Thomas Whitehead, Captain 
James Mariner and Edward Austen to be reported. A warrant to be 
made out to John Richards and Leonard Bray, keepers of the Calico 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


227 

warehouse, for 8 yL ys, 8 d. for those adventurers who have not received 
their dividends in ginghams. William Swanley refusing to give upon 
oath an account of the bullion and fine goods taken out and brought 
back in the Success, order is given that he be dismissed the Company's 
service and not allowed to go to India this year in the Company's ship- 
ping in any employment whatever. The Shipping Committee to ascertain 
from the owners of the Success the names of the first, second, and third 
mates they intend to send in that ship this present voyage ; they are 
also to give direction for the entertainment of twenty soldiers to serve 
at Fort St. George. The petition concerning John Naylor, a dyer in the 
Bay, to be considered. (3 pp) 


A Court of Committees, November 20, 1678 [Court Book, vol. xxxi, 
P- II 5 )- 

The account of the late Thomas Kennon to be examined in order to 
ascertain whether the bonds entered into by his sureties may be de- 
livered up. Warehousekeepers to be directed to preserve the ropes, 
surplices and cotton about the Company's goods that they may be put 
up for sale next March. Money due on the account of the late Thomas 
Whitehead to be paid, and the account of John Ingal to be examined. 
Mrs. Ann Wheelock and her servant to be permitted to take passage in 
one of the Company's ships for Surat, Mrs, Wheelock to pay the cost. 
The Court approve of the following nominations of mates for the three 
vessels bound for the Coast and Bay, viz., for the Success: Captain 
Robert Cowley as commander, Robert Guillym as chief mate, John 
Adams, second mate, William Madox, third mate. In the Golden Fleece, 
Captain John North, commander, Charles Master, chief mate, Robert 
Sanders, second mate and Daniel Avery, third mate* In the George, 
commander, Captain Nehemiah Earning, chief mate, William Bowles, 
second mate, Richard Berdal, third mate, Philip Harris. Ships for 
the Coast to leave Gravesend by the 25th instant. Order is given 
that this year it is to be left to the owners of the ships entertained 
by the Company to reserve five per cent of the tonnage as formerly, 
or only two and a half per cent, for accommodation of themselves, 
the commanders, officers and seamen ; as they decide and inform the 
Secretary, so the charterparties are to be drawn up. Sir William 
Langhome and Mr. Herrys to be notified to attend the Court next 
Friday. [i\pp) 



228 


COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 


The Company to Captain Goodlad, November 20, 1678 (Letter 
Book, vol. vi, p. 14). 

They hope he will find their affairs at Bantam in a good condition, 
but as it is not long since the Company’s servants were murdered there, 
and the factory in danger of being dissolved, they think fit to order 
that, if on arriving he shall find farther outrages have been committed 
to such a degree as to make it expedient to dissolve the factory, or if in 
his judgment and in the opinion of the Company’s servants with whom 
he shall have the opportunity of consulting, his cargo might be 
endangered if it were landed, then he is to sail at once for the Bay 
and there deliver the treasure and goods to the Chief and Council, 
and take raw silk, silks, calico, floretta yam, saltpetre, turmeric and 
other goods most readily procurable to fifl his vessel for England. He 
is to satisfy himself thoroughly of the condition of the factory [at 
Bantam] before putting himself or his ship ‘imder command’, and 
manage so that the King of Bantam may not notice any of this 
caution, or his own company be told of it, until he see cause for acting 
in this maimer, (^p.) 

Chaeies Bertie to the Speaker of the House of Commons,* 
November 20, 1678 (Public Record Office: Out Letters (General), p. 344). 

Through Mr. Stevens I have seen the Victuallers letter to yourself 
about having io,oooZ. out of the East India Company’s loans. Treasurer 
Danby has made provision for them for this sum elsewhere on another 
fund. 

Warrant, November 20, 1678 (Public Record Offiice: Entry Book of 
Signed Warrants, p. 125). 

Two docquets for East India Company’s loan of 30,000^. in money 
and 2o,oooZ. in saltpetre. 

A Court of Committees, November 22, 1678 (Court Book, vol. xxxi, 
p. 117). 

After a long and serious debate the Court decide that factors shall 
not be allowed freedom of trade in India 'm all commodities of the 
countrie'. Bills from carpenters and glaziers produced in court to be 
exammed. The Shipping Committee axe desired to read advices received 
from the Bay about defective medicines provided by Mr. Clarke, hear 

* Edward Seymour. 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


229 

what he has to say and report. Sydney Godolphin is admitted to the 
freedom by redemption. A report concerning the matters in dispute 
between the Company and the executors of Mr. Alderwarld is read, and 
referred until a copy can be obtained from Mr. Moore of what is entered 
in Alderwarld's books about the taffetas in question. Sir William Lang- 
home and Edward Herrys are required to give an account of bullion 
consigned to them, from whence it came, and in what ships, a great 
quantity of diamonds having been returned in the New London, Bengal, 
and Caesar, and no bullion having been registered for purchase of these, 
(i^) 

Warrant to the Commissioners of the Treasury and Ex- 
chequer, November 22, 1678 (Parchment Records, No. 36). 

For payment of 50,000^, to the East India Company. (Seal.) 

A Court of Committees, November 27, 1678 (Court Booh, vol. xxxi, 
p. 118). 

Henry Stafford is admitted to the freedom by redemption. The com- 
manders of the Surat and Bantam ships to be notified to attend the 
Court next Friday. Henry Oxinden is elected to serve as a writer in 
India at a salary of loL a year. Money due on the account of John 
IngoU, late boatswain's mate in the Advice, to be paid. On petition 
Mary Wales and her maid servant to be allowed to take passage in one 
of the Coast ships, she paying for their transportatiom The Accounts 
Committee to consider and report their opinion of a paper delivered in 
by Beyer touching the more orderly keeping of the Company's accounts 
in India, The Agent and Council at the Coast and Bay to be required in 
the next general letter to cause a perfect roister to be kept of aU 
private trade carried on by any of the Company's servants in the Indies 
from the arrival of this year's ships at the Fort, to be sent home yearly 
without fail and an exact diary to be kept by the Chief and Council and 
all the factors in the Bay of all goods bought for the Company, with 
their prime cost, also what the Company's goods are sold for, no 
imaginary prices to be put, as the Company understand has been the 
practice formerly; also what will be the charge of carrying on the 
Company's service in those parts, all which, upon advice, shall be taken 
into consideration. The Committee for Private Trade to consider Mr. 
Sedgewick's desires about the freight of some goods returned for him in 
the Bengal Merchant and give such directions as they juc^e fit. Sir 



230 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

William Langhome and Mr. Edward Herrys give in an account of the 
bullion consigned to them by the Coast ships in the year 1676. The 
Shipping Committee to provide the gunners* stores, etc., for Fort St. 
George mentioned in a list now read in Court. A catalogue of books 
desired by Joshua Richardson to be added to the Company's library at 
Surat is read, and referred to the Deputy Governor and Colonel Clerke 
who are to provide those desired by Mr. Richardson, but not to exceed 
the value of 20Z. The Treasury Committee to examine what bullion was 
shipped out by Sir Matthew Andrewes for providing the diamonds now 
brought home in the Success, also what part he has in the Bombay and 
Success, upon account of which, it is alleged, he shipped out the said 
btillion, though it is not registered, and report what they think is fit to 
be done. Captain Cooley and Captain Earning, commanders of the 
Success and the George, desiring to be permitted to take out, over and 
above their ships stores, a cable and an anchor, and if they have no 
occasion for them at their departure from the Bay to be allowed to dis- 
pose of them for their best advantage provided they do so with the 
advice of the Chief and Council at the Bay, this is granted. Susan 
Salisburie petitions for the account of her brother Ambrose SaHsburie, 
late a factor at Masulipatam, to be stated and finished, she being willing 
to agree to the determination of the Court, Sambrooke and Colonel 
Clerke axe desired to examine and adjust the said account as they think 
best. A female servant, belonging to Edward Herrys and brought from 
India by hin, to be allowed to take passage in the Success, he paying for 
her transport; also a black belonging to him, to be entertained as a 
soldier to serve at the Fort, (if pp.) 

A Court OF Committees, November 29, 1678 [Court Book, vol. xxxi, 
p, 120). 

A report is read concerning the account of Matthew Gray, in which 
it is certified that in the charge against the President and Council of 
Surat Gray is concerned as to his profit made by saving the customs on 
gold, etc., which charge was sent to Surat two years ago and an answer 
to it is expected by the next ships ; it is decided to defer consideration of 
the report until the said answer is received. The Treasury Committee 
to take up what money the Company's occasions require, not exceeding 
6o,oooZ., at five per cent payable March 10, next, when interest is to 
cease, this to be inserted in the bxQs given ; the Committee are also 
empowered to give new bills under the Company's seal for money 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


231 

formerly taken up on the Company's bills payable September 25 and 
October 10 last, and to allow interest on them from the 29th instant 
(November) to March 10, to those desiring to renew their bills. A paper 
signed by Elizabeth Bix (whose husband is a pensioner in the Poplar 
Almshouse) renouncing the Romish religion is read, and order given for 
her to be allowed to continue with her husband until further notice. 
The Company’s cellars under Bethlehem Hospital to be inspected that 
it may be ascertained whether they are fit to take in calicoes and other 
goods now at Gresham College. Certain Committees are desired to 
ascertain where the Company may be best accommodated with ground 
'within the Walls’, on which suflSdent warehouses may be built to 
receive the Company’s goods, they are especially to inspect the ground 
in Clutched Fryars and learn upon what terms this or any other piece 
may be bought, what will be the cost of building on it, and what 
quantity of goods may be stored there. The Treasury Committee with 
Sir John Banks, Sir Josia Child, or any three of them, to read the 
warrant signed by the Lord High Treasurer for repayment of the 
30,000/. loan and the 20,000/. for saltpetre, compare it with former 
warrants of the like kind and report their opinion, (ij fp) 

A Court of Committees, November 29, 1678 [afternoon] [Ihid,, 

p. 121). 

The Treasury Committee report that the warrant brought by Mr. 
Stephens for repajment of the loan of 30,000/. and the 20,000/. for 
saltpetre supplied to the King is not made according to agreement, nor 
in the form of other orders of the like nature. Hereupon Sir John Banks 
is desired to speak with Secretary Bertie and procure a new warrant, 
and ascertain when the interest of the said 50,000/. shall begin. A copy 
of former letters patents and warrants to be given to Sir John as a 
precedent for what is desired. Sir John is also to direct the payment of 
fees and other costs as he shall think fit for the transaction of this 
business. The Governor to signify that the saltpetre sold to the King by 
the Company for 20,000/. shall be delivered to the Master of His 
Majesty’s Ordnance or to whom he shall appoint to receive it, upon 
demand, it being kept in the Company’s warehouse for the King’s 
accommodation. 

Warrant, November 29, 1678 {Public Record Office: Entry Book of 
Signed Warrants, p. 127). 

To Mr. Kent to repay 50,000/. with interest to the East India Company. 



232 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

A Court of Committees, December 3, 1678 {Court Book, vol. xxxi, 
p. 122). 

The Treasury Committee to be empowered to pay to Mr. Stephens, 
Cashier-General to the Treasurer of the Navy, 9,000?. part of the 
30,000?. loan to His Majesty, the Court being informed that tallies are 
already struck for this loan and will be brought to the Treasury Com- 
mittee to-morrow morning. Elizabeth Knipe, widow, of Chelsea and 
Edward Watts a London Merchant are accepted as additional security 
for George Knipe who is advanced to the degree of factor in the Com- 
pany’s service in the Bay. The draft of a general letter to Fort St. 
George is read and several amendments made to it. {^ p.) 

A Court of Committees, December 4, 1678 {lUd., p. 123). 

The account of the late John Stracey to be reported, and the brick- 
layers’ bills produced in Court to be examined. Thomas Pinfold is 
admitted to the freedom by redemption. The owners and commanders 
of ships entertained this year for Surat to be obliged by charterparty to 
sefe that the said vessels carry out and bring back half kentledge. The 
Treasury Committee to give directions for ‘a parcel of pearl’ consigned 
to James Pearce from his brother Thomas Pearce to be delivered, on 
payment of two per cent, if on examination they find that Thomas 
Pearce is a surgeon in the service of the Company. The Shipping Com- 
mittee to consider the desires of those wishing to send out liquors or 
other goods, not prohibited, to the Company’s factors in India for their 
own account, and for which freight is to be paid according to rule, and 
report the quantity and quality and the names of those who desire to 
send them out. The Company having sold to Sir Thomas Chicheley, 
Master of the King’s Ordnance, for His Majesty’s service, saltpetre 
amounting, by agreement, to the sum of 20,000?. and Sir George \^ar- 
ton, Treasurer for the Ordnance, having delivered tallies for the said 
sum, and Sir Thomas Chicheley wishing that some of the said petre may 
remain in the Company’s wardiouse for a time, order is given accord- 
ingly, provided the time does not exceed six months, also for the salt- 
petre, or any part of it, to be delivered when it tiiall be asked for. (i p.) 

Commission from King Charles II, December 5, 1678 {LeMer 
Book, vol. V, p. 514). 

His Majesty being informed by the humble petition of the East India 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


233 

Company that it has lately been certified to them that William Gilbert 
living in their factory at Fort St. George has killed John Hartly 
there and that Manuel Brandon de Luna (Lima), also living at the Fort, 
has killed his Christian servant,^ and although the said Company have 
been advised by Counsel that by virtue of a clause m their charter they 
may direct their Governor and Council to proceed to the trial of William 
Gilbert and Manuel Brandon de Luna, and judge, and execute them if 
found guilty, yet because of late years there has only been one precedent 
in a matter of this kind, they have thought it their duty to apply to His 
Majesty for allowance and approbation. His Majesty being willing that 
the offenders should be brought to condign punishment if legally con- 
victed, hereby signifies his royal pleasure that the trial of the said men, 
or either of them, be begun by directing a warrant to the bailiff or other 
ofiicer, commanding him to smnmon twenty-four men as a grand jury 
to whom the indictment may be proved, and, if they find a hilla vera, 
then a new precept is to be issued to summon a jury to try the two men, 
or either of them, and, if they axe found guilty, sentence of death is to 
be passed upon them, and executed accordingly, that by such exemplary 
justice others may be deterred from committing the like offence for the 
future, so that the peace of that factory may be the better preserved ; 
and for so doing this shall be your warrant. Given at Our Court at 
Whitehall, (i^.) 

'By His Majesties Command'. 

{Signed) H. Coventry. 

Waiurant to the Agent and Council at Fort St, George, 
December 1678 {Public Record Office: S,P, Dom. Enfyy Book 54, p. ii). 

After reciting that the East India Company have informed the King 
that it has been certified to them that William Gilbert living at Fort St. 
George has killed John Hartley there, and though they have been 
advised by Counsel that by a clause in their charter they may direct 
their said Governor and Council to try the said Gilbert and execute him, 
if found guilty, yet, because of late years there has been but one pre- 
cedent in such a matter, they have thought it their duty to sue for the 
King's approbation of their proceedings therein: signifying the King's 
pleasure that they proceed to the trial of the said Gilbert, and cause him 
to be executed, if found guilty. 

I See Love’s Vestiges of Old Madras^ vol. i, pp. 406-8 (The Indian Records Series). 



234 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

A Court of Committees December 6, 1678 (Court Book, vol. xxxi, 
p. 124). 

A bill from the smith for work done at the Pepper warehouse to be 
examined. A report from the Treasury Committee is read, touching 
a parcel of diamonds brought home for Sir Matthew Andrewes for which 
no bullion was registered outward ; order is given for the diamonds to be 
delivered on Sir Matthew paying not less than $ 1 . to the Poor-box. 
Order is also given for a tare of 2 J lb. to be made on each bag of pepper 
returned in the Golden Fleece, and for the same allowance of tare to be 
made to the owners of the ships returned this year from Bantam and 
Surat. The Committee for Private Trade to cause an account to be 
taken of all bullion exported in the Coast and Bay ships in 1676, and of 
all diamonds and fine goods returned home in them unregistered, also 
of goods carried in the said ships from port to port for which no freight 
has been paid, and report. The sum of 59/. i8s. to be paid to John 
Richards for fees due for the letters patents and tallies past and 
' strucken ' for the 30,000/. loan and 20,000/. due for saltpetre sold to the 
King. The owners of the George to be paid a further sum of 1,000/. in 
part of her freight, Mr. Ashby reporting that by estimate there is due 
on her account about 1,700/. Dr. Edward Master and Edward Watts, 
a London merchant, are accepted as security in 500/. for Henry Oxinden, 
writer. It is left to the discretion of the Governor, Deputy, and Com- 
mittees to dispose of what money they think fit for the Company's 
service ‘ in proportion to what was given on the like occasion A report 
is read concerning the prejudice which adventurers in the present Joint 
Stock and the kingdom in general have suffered by the enhanced price 
of diamonds in India, and how it may be prevented in future; it is to 
the following effect, viz., in pursuance of an order of Court of Septem- 
ber 27 last certain Committees have considered the prejudice suffered 
by the enhanced price of diamonds in India, and find that Nathaniel 
Cholmley was employed in making the investment returned this year 
who for his own, and the advantage and gain of others has not per- 
formed the trust reposed in him; they therefore think that the said 
Cholmley should be sent home by this year's shipping, and that it be 
advised in the general letter that the Court will look upon it as an 
acceptable service if any of their factors or servants shall report any 
fraud practised by the said Cholmley, or any others who joined with 
him, in making the investment, or in sharing any part of the profit 
arising from it ; also that one or two English artists, well skilled in the 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


235 

knowledge of diamonds, be permitted to go to the Indies to buy and 
provide diamonds at the best rates procurable. Hereupon order is given 
that, in the general letter to the Fort the Agent and Council be required, 
without any excuse, to send home Nathaniel Cholmley by this year's 
shipping, and inform any of the factors or Company's servants that it 
will be looked upon as an acceptable service if they can tell of any fraud 
practised by the said Chomley or others; and the Agent and Council 
are to endeavour to make the Fort the mart for diamonds in future. 
The Court also resolve that if any responsible person, an Englishman 
and well skilled concerning diamonds, shall offer to go to India in the 
Company's service to buy diamonds on the best terms procurable his 
offer shall be considered, but if he goes he must live at Fort St. George. 

A Court of Committees, December ii, 1678 [Ibid,, p. 126). 

The Deputy Governor and four of the Committees are desired to con- 
sider a motion now made for carr37ing on the diamond trade in a Joint 
Stock by those adventurers who wish to interest themselves in it, what 
rules to make for the better regulating the said trade, according to the 
present debate, and report their opinion. The Court, understanding that 
several of their commanders take up great sums at bottomry, which 
practice they would discourage as it is not for the Company's service, 
order that the sum taken up on that account is not to exceed the real 
worth of the commander’s part and interest in his ship, and if any act 
contrary to this order he shall no longer be employed in the Company's 
service. The sum of 22Z. 14s. 6i. to be paid to John Stracey. Certain 
Committees are desired to report the account of John Hopkins, and 
what answer is suitable to be given to the letter of the officers from the 
Fort, also to examine the bills submitted by the printers and painters. 
George Papillon to provide spice to be given to the Commissioners of 
His Majesty’s Customs and their officers, as is usual, and to such of the 
Company’s servants as received it last year. The account of Basil Heme 
to be reported, John Potter to be paid 12Z. 12s. according to a report now 
read, John Hopkins to be allowed xoL upon some baits short in length, 
and saltpetre bags, returned m the Caesar, to be examined. (2 

A Court of Committees, December 13, 1678 {Ibid., p. 128). 

A report concerning management of the trade in diamonds is read, 
and, after consideration, the question put whether any alteration diall 



236 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

be made in the method in practice last year in sending out bullion for 
them, and passed in the negative, and it is resolved that next April, 
after the election, the diamond trade shall be again considered. Order is 
given for the following payments to be made: the sum of 14/. los. to 
Diana Brewer; to the owners of the Scipio Africanus 3,485?. i8s. 2d . ; 
a quarter-part of the permission due to Captain Nehemiah Earning for 
bullion and diamonds carried out and brought back in the George. The 
charge against Sir Henry Dacres, drawn up by the Auditor, is referred 
to Moses to consider and report what he thinks is fit to be done in the 
matter. Lady Bateman to be permitted to export 200L in foreign 
bullion, and two chests of wine for the use of her son William Rivet, 
who is in the Company’s service at the Fort, her Ladyship to pay the 
freight. Robert Hatton is also pennitted to export 80 oz. of foreign gold 
for the use of his brother Christopher Hatton, paying freight as a free- 
man and stating that it is the product of diamonds received from his 
brother and that duty on them was paid to the Company on their 
receipt. The account of Richard Mohun to be reported. The petitions 
of Mary Serjeant and Priscilla Perryn to be examined and the latter 
paid what appears due to her. Christopher Boone to be added to the 
Committees nominated to confer with the Commissioners of Customs 
about the custom demanded for coffee, (ij pp.) 

A Court of Committees, December 18, 1678 {Court Book, vol. xxxi, 
p- 130). 

The request of Thomas Papillon to be allowed to send back to the 
Fort a parcel of diamonds freight free, duty inward having been paid on 
them, is granted. Mr. Grace to be permitted to export 40 oz. of gold for 
account of Jacob Smith, on pa3dng one per cent and affirming that it is 
for account of the said Smith. Bills received from the printers and 
stationers to be examined. The petition of Sarah Woolters is referred 
for examination. Sir John Lethieulier reporting that the Cashier- 
General has refused to pay the money due for the freight of the Scipio 
Africanus, the owner having become insolvent and the charterparty 
lost, the Court direct that on some of the other owners and the com- 
mander sealing a rdease and discharge to the Company, to be drawn up 
by Moses, the money may then be paid to them. The Court direct that 
the sum of twenty pounds be distributed .to the poor of Poplar by 
Thomas Lewes, and five pounds among the poor of St. Andrew Under- 
shaft, over and above the parish aUowance. A black servant belonging 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


237 


to Mr. Sheldon to be allowed to take passage in one of the Coast ships, 
he pa5dng the cost. Elisha Coles to be pennitted to export 12 oz. of gold 
for account of John Pounsett, a factor at the Fort, on payment of one 
per cent. Sir Francis Clerke to be returned a bond of 200L for the faith- 
ful service of Joseph Hjmmers that he entered into, a new bond having 
been taken out by Sir Matthew Andrewes and Captain Richard Goodlad 
for the like amount. A report from the Treasury Committee about 
gratuities to be given to the ofiBicers of His Majesty's Customhouse for 
extraordinary attendance at unusual hours amounting to 234/. is read 
and approved. [A detailed list is appended.^ (2 pp) 

A Court of Committees, December 20, 1678 {Ibid., p. 132). 

The Treasury Committee to make an entry of the bullion designed by 
the Company to be shipped for the Coast and Bay and send it aboard as 
soon as the vessels are at Gravesend. A motion is made whether to send 
a ship to the Red Sea to procure from thence goods for Europe, and 
referred to several Committees, who are to consider about the proper 
time md season for such a voyage, what vessel to send, what cargo may 
be brought back, and what the cost would amount to, also what 
advantage may result, and, after conferring with those who can give 
the best information about the trade of the Red Sea, to report what they 
think should be done. The Committee for Private Trade to give direc- 
tions for the pepper found wanting in the Golden Fleece to be rated m her 
account at 3^. a pound that bemg the nearest to the prime cost in 
India, which is much the same as here. The Coast and Bay Committee 
to read the paper of exceptions drawn up by Mr. South against the 
accounts and proceedings of the several factories there, and draw up 
a clause about it for insertion in the Company's letter. The Accounts 
Committee to inspect the work performed by Messrs. Cozens and South 
in their respective offices since the last settlement, consider what pains 
they have taken, and whether the method they use should be continued, 
also whether it answers the charge entailed in keeping the two offices 
distinct, and if not, then to consider how the business may be managed 
some other way with better advantage to the Company's concerns, and 
report their opinion. Money due to the account of the late Robert Lee 
to be paid, Mrs. Friswith Field to be given 5?. in part of her husband's 
salary, and the owners of the Golden Fleece to be paid 757Z. 6s. *]d. It is 
left to the discretion of the Governor, Deputy, and Treasury Committee 
to dispose of so much money as they think fit for the service of the 



238 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

Company, not exceeding 400 guineas, notwithstanding the order of 
December 6 last. The petition of Susan Mills to be examined. The 
foEowing permissions are given : to Mr. Letten to export 125 oz. of gold 
for account of Vincent Sayon, a factor in India, on payment of one per 
cent; to Charles Masters, chief mate of the Golden Fleece, to export 
1,000 pieces of eight, freight free, on the declaration of the captain that 
they are part of the proportion allowed to himself, his officers, andmen ; 
and to Mr. How to send 10 pieces of eight, freight free, to his son, John 
How, a soldier at Fort St. George, (i J pp) 

A Court of Committees, December 24, 1678 {Court Book, vol. xxxi, 
p. 133 )- 

A report touching the dispute between Bedingfield Higham and 
William Crouch is read and approved, it concerns the wrong delivery of 
certain narrow bafts. The petition of Marie Sanderson is referred to the 
Shipping Committee, and if they find her to be ‘ a person of civill be- 
haviour’ she is to be permitted to go free of charge in one of the ships 
bound for the Coast to join her husband at the Fort. The said Com- 
mittee are also to consider the petition of Peter Taylor, and other 
soldiers entertained to serve at the Fort, and make them some allow- 
ance, or give them some money upon account as they think fit. The 
Lawsuits Committee to sue Sir Henry Dacres this next term rniless he 
adjusts his accounts with the Company. Certain Committees to examine 
what the perquisites and profits received by the late Husband for 
private trade goods amounted unto, and consider what salary should be 
allowed to whoever shall be appointed to that office, and to an assistant ; 
what fees he naay take on private trade goods delivered into his charge, 
for which he provides warehouse room, and report their opinion. A 
question is put as to whether a ship shall be sent to the Red Sea this 
year, and answered in the negative. George Papillon to provide the 
same quantity of spice for Secretary Bertie at the Customhouse as last 
year, what was bought lately for him having been delivered by naistake 
to some other person, (i J pp.) 

A Court of Committees, December 31, 1678 {Ibid., p. 135). 

The Coast and Bay Committee to examine three letters prepared to 
be sent to the Agent and Council at the Fort, and report whether they 
agree with the contents. The Shipping Committee to repair next 
Thursday to Gravesend to give orders for the immediate dispatch of the 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


239 

ships to the Downs, talce account of their condition as regards men, 
victuals, and stores, also what accommodation is provided for the 
soldiers and passengers going on the Company's accoxmt, and see that 
two ketches are taken up by Captain Prowd to attend the ships into the 
Downs, and report their proceedings. David Yale, Senior, of [Wrexham] 
in Denbigh, his son David, and Edward Herrys are accepted as addi- 
tional security for Elihu Yale entertained to the degree of factor at the 
Fort. The owners of the Success to be given 600/. in part of her freight 
and demurrage, Mr. Ashbie certifying that i,20oZ. is still due on her 
account. Mrs. Woolters to be given one month's pay of her husband's 
wages, and Sarah Wheeler to be allowed to send out to the value of 30Z. 
in foreign bullion to her son James Wheeler, a writer at the Fort. 
Messrs. BuUevant and Flavell to be summoned for payment of goods 
they bought at the last sale. The Coast and Bay Committee to ascertain 
what persons have been lately readmitted to serve the Company at the 
Fort who have been dismissed formerly, with the securities given by 
them. Anne Elford ‘attumy ' of Joseph Hynmers to be paid 125/. from 
his salary, (lipp-) 

A CotJRT OF Committees, January 3, 1679 (Ibid., p. 136). 

John Addis, smith, to be paid 4I. los. Roger Braddyll (John Bradil 
in margin) to be allowed to export some snuH-tobacco to the Fort or 
Surat on paying freight, he having had licence to send it last year in the 
President^ but it was omitted to be taken on board. Elizabeth Collins 
to be allowed to send out to her son Thomas Collins, a writer in the Bay, 
foreign bullion to the value of 50Z. on paying freight. The bonds and 
securities of the late Thomas Kennon to be given up. Robert, Lord 
Ferriers is admitted to the freedom gratis. The Bantam Committee to 
examine the advice sent to the Agent and Council there for providing 
kentledge goods, and give their opinion as to what kentledge the owners 
of the Caesar will be obliged to take and bring back in their voyage to 
and from that place. The demands of Mr. Wagstaff concerning an over- 
payment on some goods bought for him by Mr, Woolley are referred to 
the Committee for Leadenhall Warehouse, (i p,) 

Royal Commission granted to the Governor and Council of 
Fort St. George, January 3, 1679 {LeUer Book, vol. iv, p. 40).^ 

To proceed to the trial of William Gilbert, living at Fort St. George, 

* See also P Jf.O.; S.P. Dorn. Entry Book, Kv, December, 1678, and Home Miscellaneous, 
xlii, p. 3S4. 



240 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

who has killed John Hartley there, by directing a warrant or precept 
to the bailiff or other ofScer (in the nature of a vmire facias) thereby 
conunanding him to summon twenty-four men as a Grand Jury, to 
whom the indictment may be proved, and, if they find it Ulla vera, then 
a new precept to summon a Jury to try the said William Gilbert, by 
whom if he be found guilty, then to pass sentence of death against him, 
and cause the same to be executed accordingly ; to the end that by such 
exemplary justice others may be deterred from committing the like 
offence for the future, and so the peace of your factories in those parts 
may be the better preserved, and for your doing and proceeding as 
aforesaid this shall be your sufl&cient warrant.’ (f p) 

The Company to Captain John North, January 3, 1679 (Letter 
Book, vol. vi, p. 41). 

They have freighted his ship the Golden Fleece, also the Success, com- 
manded by Captain Robert Cowley, and the George, commanded by 
Captain Nehemiah Earning, all three for the Coast and Bay, and order 
them to use their utmost endeavours to get into the Downs and thence 
with the first fair wind to sail in company for St, lago. Give the usual 
directions for avoiding the Turkish men-of-war and other pirates, keep- 
ing together if possible, and, if when beyond the Cape the year is too far 
spent and so it is too late to go within St. Lawrence then to sail without, 
which at that time of year is thought to be the most certain and shortest 
passage. On arrival at Fort St. George the Company’s packet is to be 
delivered to the Agent and Council and their orders taken for dispatch 
to Masulipatam and the Bay. Captain North is to wear the flag in the 
Golden Fleece, Captain Robert Cowley to be Vice-Admiral, and Captain 
Nehemiah Earning, Rear-Admiral. Because of " the troublesome times ’ 
his ship is to be kept in a posture of defence throughout the voyage and 
he is to agree with the others about mutual defence in case of attack, 
and though he may sail alone, if belated, in order to gain his passage, 
yet the Company would much rather the three ships kept together. 
Before leaving the Downs care is to be taken that sufficient cartridges 
are filled with powder in readiness for any sudden assault on the out- 
ward voyage to India. The worship of God is to be kept up aboard ship, 
and good order amongst the men. North is to do his best to get a speedy 
passage both outward and homeward, also a quick dispatch from the 
Fort, Masulipatam, and the Bay, and to keep company with any of the 
Company’s ships found at St. Helena, or that shall arrive during his stay 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


241 


there, consult together how best to arrange in case of meeting an enemy, 
and, to avoid misunderstandings, rank themselves in order of seniority 
in command, be always on guard, especially when nearing the English 
coast, trust neither Turk nor any European nation, as it cannot be 
known how affairs may stand between His Majesty and other nations 
before the ships return. On arriving at Johanna he is to take in what 
great stones he can procure, and store for the repair of the fortifications 
of Fort St. George and the wharf against the sea, and be ready to give 
what assistance he can at the different places he goes to towards their 
safety, and for obtaining his lading. He must also remember the King’s 
proclamation about wearing only the usual English flag on the way to 
and from St. Helena. Pray for his prosperous voyage and happy return. 
Letters to the same effect are sent to Captain Robert Cowley and to Captain 
Nehemiah Earning, (ij pp.) 

The Company to Captain John North, January 7, 1679 [Ibid,, 
P- 43 )- 

They have been informed that several persons intend to lade in some 
of the Company’s ships now bound for the Indies, bullion, coral, and 
other goods, without permission or licence, and that already some are 
laden in vessels to be transferred to the Company’s ships when at sea. 
They tell him this in order that he may take all possible care to prevent 
any such evil practice, and not only not be accessory to it, but prevent 
all his officers and men, for North knows that he has to render the 
Company an account upon oath of all he takes out and brings back, and 
that if any transgress orders they must expect ‘a suitable resentment* 
and dismissal from the service, but if any shall report such dealings it 
will be esteemed an acceptable service and shall receive a 'proportion- 
able encouragement’. The same instructions are sent to Captains Cowley 
and Earning, i^p) 

A Court of Committees, January 7, 1679 [Court Book, voL xxxi, 
P- 137 )- 

After some consideration the Court decide that the salary to be given 
to the Husband shall be fixed at xool. per annum, but, if Francis Thom- 
son, who has served the Company for many years, shall be elected to 
that office in place of the late Thomas Sprigg, he shall be given as weU 
an anTinfll gratuity of 50^. ; the salary to be given to his assistant diall 
be 50Z, per annum, and no increase shall be made to either salary, all 

4372 R 



242 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

members of the Court to promise not to move in this matter. Francis 
Thomson is now elected Husband at an annual salary of loo/. and 50I. 
a year gratuity, to begin from last Christmas. A certificate to be 
granted under the seal of the Company testifying that they bought 
from Sir John Frederick and Sir Nathaniel Heme 80 bullion of quick- 
silver in 1677, the Treasury Committee are desired to aflix the seal, (i p,) 

A Court of Committees, January 10, 1679 [Court Book, vol. xxxi, 
p. 138). 

Order is given for a General Court of Sales to be held next Tuesday, 
March ii, for sale of the Company’s goods. The Committees of the 
respective warehouses to take an exact account of all goods in the 
custody of the several warehousekeepers, stating those 'in time* and 
those ‘out of time*, when the said goods were entered, and present it 
with all convenient speed. Two hundred pigs of black lead and three 
barrels of red lead to be bought to send to Surat, but not the tin formerly 
ordered. The petition of Mary, widow of Captain George Erwyn, is 
referred that it may be ascertained from whom her husband had the 
goods returned in the London on which stated damages are due, and on 
what terms he received them ; and the widow complaining that her late 
husband’s papers and books, which were in the keeping of Captain 
Daniel after his death, had some leaves torn out of them to her great 
prejudice, the Court direct that the Shipping Committee investigate the 
whole business and report. The desires of Mrs. Smith, wife of a dyer in 
the Bay, to be considered and reported. A satisfactory account having 
been received of the abilities of John Sewel, he is elected assistant to the 
Husband at an annual salary of 50/. and told not to expect any increase 
or gratuity during his continuance in that employment. The Accounts 
Committee are desired to consider the establishment of salaries for the 
several ofl&ces and warehouses of the Company, to begin at the death of 
any of the present officers, and present it to the Court. Examination to 
be made of the demands of Mr. Dashwood about certain pepper bought 
by him. [ilpp.) 

A Court of Committees, January 15, 1679 [ Ibid ., p. 140). 

Sflk, complained of by Mr. Nicholas, to be examined. Consideration 
to be had of the services performed tifcds last year by Edward Ely, and of 
an allowance suitable to be given to him for these. Complaint being 
made that the owners of ships entertained by the Company do not give 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


243 

the one month’s pay in six due to the mariners as agreed in charter- 
party, Mr. Lewes is directed to call on them for the said payment as it 
becomes due, and if it is not paid within a month after, to notify the 
Court when the money will be advanced by the Company who will 
expect consideration for it according to charterparty. On petition 
Elizabeth Dyer and her partner William Stevens, hot pressers, are ap- 
pointed to be employed to the same extent as her late husband. Edward 
Grace and Thomas Gray are accepted as security in i,ooo/. for Francis 
Thomson, Husband to the Company ; and Thomas Rodbert and Thomas 
Peacock are accepted as security in $ooL for John Sewell, his assistant. 
A letter from Sir Henry Dacres is read in which he promises to attend 
the Court next month, but at present he is iU in Northamptonshire and 
requests that no suit may be begun against him ; after long debate and 
Sir Josia Child undertaking that Dacres shall appear before the Court, 
this is agreed to. Payment to be made to Zachariah Burroughs. 
Samuel Powell is admitted to the freedom by service. Two surveys, 
taken by Captain Prowd and Mr. Ely, of work necessary to be done in 
the Anne and Caesar, are read and approved. All pepper returned in 
time is to be put up for sale next March at the following rates, viz., 
Jambi pepper at 7^. per lb., Billiapatam pepper at 7^?. per lb., and white 
pepper at 7Z. los. the cwt. AH goods mentioned by the warehouse- 
keepers at Leadenhall and Gresham College to be put up for sale next 
March. The Committee for the Blue Warehouse to decide how much 
cotton yam and tincal shall be offered at the next sale, (ij fp.) 

A Court of Committees, January 17, 1679 [Ibid,, p. 142). 

The owners of the Anne present Captain James Cooke to command 
her in the present voyage to Surat; the Court approve and direct the 
Shipping Committee to examine the qualifications of the mates nomin- 
atei thdr knowledge of navigation, and report. Certain Committees 
to examine the accounts of the late Husband, and of Francis Thomson 
and his assistant, with all goods, money, and other things committed to 
their charge and for which they axe responsible, cause a note to be taken 
of all remaining in their han(k at the time of the death of Mr. Sprigg, 
that the accounts of the latter may be balanced, and what remaius 
brought to the account of the present Husband and his assistant, and 
present a tme statement of all to the Court as soon as possible. Other 
Committees are desired to inspect the accounts of Charles Aston, and 
the pepper remaining in his custody and ascertain where the difference 



COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 


244 

lies between the computation made by Beyer and that given in by 
Aston. A bill of disbursements presented by Moses to be considered; 
also what part of the charges is to be put to the account of the persons 
concerned, a report of this to be given in by the Lawsuits Committee. 
Resolved that forty tons of red earth and one hundred tons of cowries 
shall be offered for sale next March, but no saltpetre. In accordance 
with a report received from the Bantam Committee, the Court approve 
of the Caesar carrying half kentledge. A report concerning offering 
cotton yam and tincal for sale next March is read and approved. Some 
convenient place to be made in the garden of the Company's house 
where samples of all the cloth provided for the Company may be seen in 
one light and measured, an estimate of the charge to be drawn up 
and presented to the Court. Order is given for the purchase of three 
more tons of copper at the best terms procurable, to be added to the 
cargo for Surat. The Court being informed that some of their clerks 
have been seen ‘at Stageplaies, Danceing schools etc., and to frequent 
Tavemes and other publick houses, did thinke fitt to call them downe 
to attend the Court, where they were examined concerning the same 
and received admonition from the Governor that in case any of them 
shall be found to goe to Playhouses, Danceing Schooles or other places 
of game or unlawful! recreation or to mispend their time in frequenting 
Tavemes or other publick houses they should ui such case be dismissed 
from their present Implo3nnents'. The Accounts Conomittee to con- 
sider a proposal made by Robert Woodward, what encouragement 
should be given to him for his continuance m the Company's service, 
and report their opinion. (2 pp.) 

Extract of a letter to the Company from the President and 
Council at Surat, January 21, 1679 (Public Record Office: C, 0 , 77, 
vol. xiv, f. 13). 

Alvaro Perez de Tavora has been very pressing with us for the Coolies 
of Mazagon, either to be allowed him as his right (which we cannot 
acknowledge) or to farm them, neither of which have we thought fit to 
grant him, out of divers considerable respects, as may appear to Your 
Honours in the further description of them and their use. They are of 
the poorest sort of people, but Christians, and have no other way of 
living but their labour and fishing, and are the profitablest inhabitants 
on your island, advancing your revenues 6 ,oooxs (xerafines, ixerafims) 
yearly. They are likewise very beneficial in extraordinary service both 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


245 

by sea and land, for which last each man is paid three pice a day, but, 
if employed at sea they have something more, with allowance of coarse 
rice for their diet, and of all those sorts of people upon the whole island 
the Coolies of Mazagon are the lustiest and best seamen, and an un- 
wearied people in the labour they understand, so that it may well be 
expected that Alvaro Perez will be very active in his endeavours 
whereby he may gain from Your Honours so considerable a benefit, 
and no doubt oblige himself to any outward compliance or virtue or 
promise so that he may obtain them, and, fearing he should prevail by 
means of the Court or any other powerful application, we have thought 
it our duties to prepare your Honours against it, for if you should part 
with this royalty, which was made over to His Majesty with the island 
upon the first surrender of it, he would become the sole lord of them, 
and employ them as his slaves to manure and tiU his grounds without 
the least subjection or obedience to your Honours, as is the custom of 
the Portuguese in such cases with those people in those parts of the 
world; therefore we once more presume to press your Honours by no 
means to part with this considerable privilege of sovereignty to a sub- 
ject as Alvaro Perez is, but to fix it under your own power and authority ; 
for, if you should the least be wrought upon, all others of the like nature 
would be pretenders to the same privilege, and then you might account 
your power and authority only under an empty name to extend no 
farther than the walls of your Fort ; and truly had your Honours been 
weU advised it had been much better the whole estate of Alvaro Perez 
lying so imder a just confiscation (by which he might have been dealt 
with upon easier terms) had been purchased from him, which would have 
taken off aH pretences and been of great conveniency and benefit to you, 
and have put an end to all further trouble with him which we fear you 
will too often be annoyed with on this occasion, (i J pp,) 

Extract of a letter to the Company from the Deputy Gover- 
nor AND Council at Bombay, January 21, 1679 {Ibid,) 

According to the commands of the Company, Alvaro Perez de 
Tavora, after due submission and presentation of his petition in the 
Court of Judicature at Bombay, has had restored to him what was con- 
fiscated in 1673, but the Coolies are reserved for the Company, they not 
appertaining to him when the Company received the island from His 
Majesty, nor at the settlement in November 1672. It is feared Perez 
will trouble the Company further about these, but as the Company have 



246 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

several times and in sundry advices been informed how serviceable, 
advantageous, and indispensably necessary they are no more need be 
said. 

A Court of Committees, January 22, 1679 [Court Book, vol. xxxi, 

p. 144)- 

A gratuity of 20Z. to be given to Samuel Peck, chaplain at Poplar, for 
the last year ended December 25. Edward Ely to be given 30Z. for 
surveying the Company's ships last year, and William Moses to be paid 
17Z. 2s. 6 d, Gabriel Cadman and Robert Witty are accepted as security 
in i,oooZ. for Elizabeth Dyer and William Stephens. Mr. Bix, a pen- 
sioner at Poplar, to be allowed 2s. 6i. a week over and above his present 
pension until March 25 next, because of his weakness and sickly condi- 
tion. Fifty soldiers to be entertained to serve at Bombay, handicrafts- 
men rather than others to be chosen, those who are married to be 
allowed to take their wives with them. Order is also given for forty 
barrels of powder to be provided and sent this year to Bombay. Not- 
withstanding the order of the 15th instant it is now resolved that pepper 
to be put up for sale next March shall be rated as follows: that from 
Jambi at 7^. per lb., that from BiHapatam at per lb. The Court 
resolve that it shall be stated in the preamble to the sale that no more 
goods will be sold by the Company until September next. Samuel 
Manesty is admitted to the freedom by redemption. All the mates 
entertained to go this voyage in the Anne, New London, and Caesar are 
approved except Deering, third mate in the Caesar, who is respited 
until Captain Prowd can vouch for his ability for that service, (ij 

A Court of Committees, January 24, 1679 [Ihid., p. 146). 

At the sale to be held in March the Company resolve it shall be stated 
that the price of pepper in September shall be no lower than it is now. 
Certain Committees to consider how and when to draw up an address 
to the King asking for an enlargement of the time for the Company to 
receive back the half impost on pepper, for the reasons formerly drawn 
up by the Committees. A report is read of the original foundation of the 
Almshouse in Poplar, the proceedings from time to time in its affairs, 
the rules and orders for its good government and an account of its 
present Stock; and, after consideration, it is referred for such additions 
and alterations as shall be thought fit to be made, and for a further 
report. The petition of Thomas Cancefield and William Hudson is read 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


247 

and referred to the Shipping Committee to ascertain the respective 
conditions and qualifications of the two men and report, (i p.) 

A Court of Committees, January 29, 1679 p. 147). 

Jane Borough, widow, of London, is admitted to the privilege of an 
adventurer in the General Joint Stock on payment of 5/. fine by way of 
redemption, she having bought an adventure of 200Z., and order is given 
for her sons to have the right of admission to the freedom of this 
Company. A report is read from the Warehouse Committee touching 
fees to be taken by the Husband on all private trade goods, and ap- 
proved. Mr. Richardson who was elected chaplain for Surat now 
declines to go ; hereupon the members are desired to think of a fit person 
to be sent, and Mr. Sheldon is entreated to ascertain the ability of Mr. 
Boughton, formerly nominated for that service, and report ; meanwhile 
order is given that the books mentioned in a catalogue given in by Mr. 
Richardson are not to be provided. A report from the Accounts Com- 
mittee is read, in which they submit that the business of the two 
Auditors be performed by one only, namely Peter Cossen, under the 
inspection and care of the Accountant-General; the Court approve and 
order the said Committee to consider the removal of Samuel South to 
some other employment where he may be of most service to the Com- 
pany. In the said report the ability and work of Peter Cossen is spoken 
of very highly, and he is said to have ' a good comprehension and scheme 
in his mind of the whole afiaire*, but that very little has been done by 
Samuel South answerable to the charge of himself and his assistant. 
South is directed to attend the Court next Friday. A report touching 
Samuel Sambrooke is now read, in which it is stated that he still owes 
the Company twelve thousand pounds and has failed to deliver in, upon 
oath, a true account of all goods that came to his hands or to any others 
by his order, or how these were disposed of, or to settle all accounts 
depending between the Company and himself, or make any overtures 
for so doing; therefore the Committee submit that the Court give 
directions for both Sambrooke and Ms security to be proceeded against. 
A report is read concerning the establishment of salaries, both for the 
officers of the Company's house and of those employed in the several 
warehouses, to b^in as any of those now in office shall be removed and 
others chosen in their stead. The amount now given in this way by the 
Company is found to be 3,171^. yearly and a list is appended of the 
various salaries proposed to be given to the several officers employed 



248 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

which amounts aunually to 2,166/. The report is approved by the Court. 
Captain Prowd stating that on examination he finds Deering well 
versed in the art of navigation, he is entertained to go as third mate in 
the Caesar, which vessel is to leave Gravesend by April 10 next. 
Thomas Ring to be sued for recovery of a debt he owes the Company. 
The Shipping Committee to consider whether the owners in charter- 
party are not obliged to pay the mariners one month’s pay in six of 
their wages while the ships are in the Company’s service. Permission is 
given to Thomas Papillon to ship out ten bales of canvas and fifty reams 
of paper on payment of freight. (4 pp.) 

A Court of Committees, January 31, 1679 {Court Book, vol. xxxi, 
P* 151)- 

A request that pepper may be removed from the warehouse in 
Crutched Friars to the vaults in the Exchange because of the better 
accommodation for sifting it, is referred to the Committee of the Pepper 
Warehouse to do as they think fit. A satisfactory account being received 
of the ability and qualifications of Richard Boughton, he is elected to 
serve as a chaplain in India in the Surat Presidency at an annual salary 
of $oL with a yearly gratuity of 50/. to start from the time he embarks 
at Gravesend; he is also to be allowed 20L for fresh provisions, etc., for 
the voyage. Mr. Pott to be permitted to export 300Z. in dollars to 
Samuel DameUy, a factor at Surat, on paying freight. Order is given 
for Robert Woodward to be employed constantly in the Accountant's 
Ofl&ce under the direction of Beyer, and given, in addition to the annual 
50Z. he now receives, a gratuity of 30?. yearly, to begin from last Christ- 
mas ; and any preferment occurring in the said Ofi&ce his succession to it 
shall be considered if he continues diligent in the Company’s business. 
He is also to be given a gratuity of 30^. for his pains and care in the year 
ending December 25 last. Samuel South is to assist the Secretary in 
writing letters and also be employed m the Accountant's Ofiftce, as Beyer 
shall direct, and be allowed an annual salary of 80L to begin from 
March 25 next. The Lawsuits Committee to direct the prosecution of 
the suit against Sir John Cloberry and confer next Wednesday with Sir 
Matthew Andrewes about the same. They are also to state the case of 
the debt owing by the late Samuel Sambrooke to the Company and 
advise with Counsel as to whether his security is liable to make satis- 
faction, and if so, the Committee are to direct that the bonds of the said 
security be put in suit. Moses is to cause Samuel Sambrooke *to be 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


249 

taken in execution ’ upon a judgment entered against him, he not having 
paid the debt he owes the Company. Mr. Lewes to deliver to the father 
of Edward Fisher, a surgeon at Bantam, four months’ pay yearly, pur- 
suant to the letter of attorney he gave him at his going out, and again 
desires in a letter now produced in Court, (i p.) 

A Court of Committees, February 5, 1679 {Ibid., p. 153). 

The petition of Mary Rawlins and two other maids who wish to go in 
one of the Company’s ships to Bombay is referred to the Shipping Com- 
mittee who are to ascertain the qualifications and behaviour of the three 
women and report. The biUs of Morris, the carpenter, to be reported. 

{\P) 

A Court of Committees, February 7, 1679 P- 154). 

A bill of 3 Z. los. 6i. presented by Samuel Bosworth, surgeon, for 
curing William Fisher, bag-sewer, who last August feU into a ship's hold 
and was much bruised, is referred to the Husband to pay 'with such 
abatement as he shall finde reasonable'. Mrs. Hodges to be allowed to 
read suchletters and accounts received from Bantam as concern Thomas 
James and Quarles Brown. The Court resolve that the quarter part of the 
freight received for diamonds, etc., brought this last year in the Com- 
pany's ships from Surat shall be allowed to Charles James who presided 
at the Council in transacting the Company's affairs. Thomas Becket to 
be paid for coal and faggots provided for the use of the Company. The 
petition of Mary Cooper is referred for consideration, (i ^.) 

A Court of Committees, February 12, 1679 [Ibid., p. 155). 

Three bales of thrown-silk lately received from the Bay, and found 
to be also manufactured in England, to be sent to Amsterdam and there 
sold and the proceeds returned for the use of the Company. All the 
goods at Leadenhall and Gresham College to be priced by the Ware- 
house Committee, when aU members of the Court are desired to be 
present and report. Damaged committers^ complained of by Mr. Day 
to be examined. Stephen White is admitted to the freedom by service 
and John and Abraham Cullen by patrimony. It being found incon- 
venient that debates in Court touching affairs depending before the 
members should be made known, all are desired by the obligation of the 
oath they have taken to forbear in future naming any persons, or any 

* See p. 155. 



250 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

discourse had upon any particular occasion concerning the Company’s 
business, (i^.) 

A Court of Committees, February 14, 1679 {Court Book, vol. xxxi, 
P- 156). 

Thomas Kelsey is admitted to the freedom by redemption. Certain 
allowances to be made to Mr. Dashwood for pepper he bought at the 
last sale. The Surat Committee to consider whether the rupee shall be 
valued in Surat as it is iu the Bay, and report what they think. The 
Deputy Governor and Colonel Clerke are desired to perfect the estab- 
lishment of the factory and garrison of Bombay now read in Court, 
consider what number of English soldiers are upon the island, and how 
many will be wanted to be sent from England to complete the two 
companies to be kept in pay there, in accordance with the present 
debate. 

A Court of Committees, February 19, 1679 [Ibid,, p. 157). 

The Court approve of the prices put by the Warehouse Committee on 
the several goods to be offered at the next sale. Joseph Heme to be 
paid lol. spent by Isaac Tillyard on the Company's waiters sent ashore 
from the Golden Fleece. The owners of the Bengal Merchant to be paid 
3,975^ 155. in full of her freight. The account of Samuel Adler to be 
examined. Drugs in the custody of Papillon to be priced this afternoon 
in the presence of the members of this Court. (J p.) 

A Court of Committees, February 21, 1679 p. 158). 

The qualifications and ability of Peachie Watson, recommended as 
a chaplain for India, to be ascertained ; also those of Mr. Gibbs. Certain 
of the Warehouse Committees to examine the avenues in the leads of 
LeadenhaH from any turrets or adjoining houses and by what right they 
are made use of, and report. Allowance to be made to Richard Acton 
and his partner for pieces found wanting and damaged in some goods 
bought at the last sale. Thomas Cancefeild to be admitted to the 
Company's Almshouse at Poplar. The petition of Marie, widow of 
Captain George Erwyn, is read, and order given for the account of the 
New London to be examined in order to ascertain if any of her goods 
have been charged with more stated damage than is just, that she may 
be recompensed. Mr. Dacosta to be repaid the freight for i,oooZ. which 
was to have been sent in the last ships to the Coast and Bay, he taking 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


251 

oath that the same was not laden in any of the ships. The Lawsuits 
Committee to perfect the statement concerning the debt owing by the 
late Samuel Sambrooke. (i p) 

A Court of Committees, February 26, 1679 {Ibid,, p. 159). 

The account of Captain Gregory Field to be examined in order to 
ascertain how much of the 30Z. allowed yearly by him to his wife has 
been paid. A satisfactory report having been received of the ability and 
qualifications of Peachy Watson, he is elected to serve as a chaplain in 
India at an annual salary of 50Z. and a yearly gratuity of 50I. ; he is also 
to be allowed 20I. for fresh provisions, etc., for his voyage. Captain 
Cooke, commander of the Anne, complains to the Court of his chief and 
third mates who have failed to attend on board and so delayed the 
business of the ship, and although the owners have been told, the said 
mates still remain on shore; hereupon order is given for Johnson and 
Stafford to be notified to attend the Shipping Committee this afternoon, 
when some of the owners are to be present, and the Committee are to 
examine and settle the matter. Christopher Sherman and Robert 
Penning are accepted as additional security in 500Z. for John Penning, 
a factor at Surat. (| p,) 

A Court of Committees, February 28, 1679 (Ibid,, p. 160). 

The Treasury to take up io,oooZ. at five per cent for one month and 
give the Company's bill for the same. John Socket is admitted to the 
freedom by patrimony. Consideration of the suggestion to reduce the 
Surat Presidency to an Agency is deferred till Wednesday next. Michael 
Godfrey to be permitted to export to the value of i,oooZ. in foreign 
bullion for account of Caesar Chamberlain on paying one per cent 
freight, and showing that the bullion is the proceed of goods returned 
for his account. The Coast and Bay Committee to read the letters and 
exammations received overland from Fort St. George and consider 
what should be written in answer, and report. A report from the Com- 
nrittee for the Husband's warehouse is read and approved, in this an 
account is given of cash and goods remaining in the custody of the late 
Husband, Thomas Sprigg, at his death, all which has been passed over 
and acknowledged to have been received by his successor, Francis 
Thompson. The Committee being fully satisfied of the fidelity and trust 
displayed by Thomas Sprigg in his OfSce axe therefore of opinion that his 
bonds and those of his security should be delivered up. Order is given 



252 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

for Francis Thompson and John Sewel to be charged with the money 
and goods mentioned in the said report and with such debentures as 
were in the hands of Sprigg at the time of his death. Alfonso Rodrigues 
to be allowed to export four dozen Castor (beaver) hats, and Henry 
Tong one dozen black hats on payment of freight. At the request of 
Mr, Pearce, Robert Kemp is allowed to go in one of the Company's 
ships to Bombay as a soldier, but all the members of the Court are 
desired not to write any letters of recommendation on his behalf. {J.\pp.) 

The Company to Captain John Goldsbrough, February 28, 
1679 {Letter Book, vol. vi, p. 69). 

They have freighted his ship the Bengal Merchant, also the Anne, 
commanded by Captain James Cook, and the New London, commanded 
by Captain John Daniel, for Bombay and Surat. Order him to use his 
utmost endeavours to get into the Downs and from thence to ply his 
voyage at the first favourable opportunity. Give the usual directions 
as to the course he is to steer, and keeping company with the Anne and 
New London, Appoint him to wear the flag. Cook to be Vice-Admiral, 
and Daniel Rear-Admiral on the outward voyage. On arriving at the 
coast of India he is to sail into SwaEy Hole and dispatch the Company's 
packet to the President and Council at Surat, but if it is too early for 
Swally Hole, he is to proceed to Bombay, send the packet from thence 
and land only the wines designed for that place, and take the first sea- 
sonable opportunity of sailing to Surat. He is to follow such orders as 
he shall receive from the President and Council for his further move- 
ments and return to England, which is to be hastened as much as 
possible. Give the usual directions for his return voyage, as to keeping 
on the defensive in case of encountering any enemy, maintaining good 
order aboard his ship, and keeping with others of the Company's ships. 
He is to give what assistance he can at the different places he stops at 
to help ensure their safety and also to procure his lading. To remember 
the King's proclamation about wearing the usual English flag on going 
to and returning from St. Helena, and to trust neither Turk nor any 
European nation. Commit him to the guidance and protection of the 
Almighty, (ij pp.) 

A Court of Committees, March 5, 1679 [Court Book, vol. xxxi, p. 161) . 

The owners of the Bengal Merchant to be allowed to ship out for 
account of their Joint Stock 800Z. in pieces of eight, the commander also 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


253 

to be allowed to ship out a like amount for himself and his officers. 
Permission is also given to Michael Godfry to export to the value of 
5ooZ. in buiUon for account of Caesar Chamberlain, it being the proceed 
of land sold in Ireland for his account, he to pay one per cent, as it is 
in addition to the i,oooZ. formerly ordered. Dr. King is also allowed to 
export to the value of J.00L in foreign bullion, for account of his son 
Thomas King, and Mrs. Bumiston 50Z. for account of her son at Surat, 
both to pay freight. Mr. Sell’s account to be reported. Captain Rolt, 
on behalf of *his brother, the President at Surat, asks that he may be 
given the proceeds of some Carmania wool sent home in 1675, and that 
the black wool returned in the last ships may be delivered to him ; here- 
upon order is given for the invoices of letters written concerning this 
to be read by Mr. Letton and Colonel Clerke, who are to report what 
has happened in the matter. The Court, on consideration of the smahness 
of their investments made of late at Surat and the factories there, caused 
by the continual wars engaged in by the adjacent countries, and the 
great charge the Company are put to in maintaining the said factories, 
after serious debate give order that from henceforth, after the removal 
or death of President Rolt, the Company’s affairs at Surat, Bombay, and 
all other dependencies shall no longer be managed by a President, but 
by an Agent and Council, and all salaries, charges, and expenses reduced 
accordingly ; a new commission shall be prepared for the government of 
Bombay, and that it shall be referred to Sir Josia Child, Messrs. Sheldon 
and Sambrooke to prepare a list of salaries and expenses to be allowed 
to the Agent and Council at Surat, to begin after the removal of 
President Rolt. All goods sold in September, 1677, and March, 1678, 
and still in the warehouses, to be resold, unless the buyers, before 
the gth instant, dear them or pay in some further money to save the 
Company from loss. The Treasury Committee to send aboard the 
Bengal Merchant and New London all the treasure designed for Surat as 
soon as possible. Order is given for the bonds entered into by the late 
Sprigg and his securities to be delivered. Mrs. Friswith Field to be paid 
5Z. in part of her husband’s salary, and the owners of the New London 
3,062^. 2s. 7^. for freight. Captain Cooke having complained of Ewin 
Johnson before he had committed any fault and resolved not to take 
him in the voyage but to have Browne as chief mate, the Court dedare 
that neither the first nor second mates nor Bason the surgeon shall go in 
the Anne this voyage, and desire that nothing may be moved on their 
behalf by any member of the Court. (i| pp,) 



254 COURT MINUTES, ETC,, OF THE 

A Court of Committees, March 7, 1679 {Court Book, vol. xxxi, 
p. 164). 

Bonds entered into by Francis Thompson, when assistant to Thomas 
Sprigg, the late Husband, to be delivered up. The following permissions 
for export of money, etc., are given: to Messrs. Henriques and Delis, 
each to send a ruby to Surat in the Company's shipping on payment of 
two per cent freight ; to Sir Samuel Barnardiston to send 500?. in pieces 
of eight to President Rolt, and 1,200 oz. of foreign silver to Sir Arthur 
Ingram, paying one per cent freight, these to be received in the Bengal 
Merchant] to John Brookhoven to send in the New London 200 dollars, 
freight free ; and to the owners of the New London to ship to the value 
of 1,600 dollars freight free, being for account of the said ship's stock, 
the commander to ship out 2,500 dollars for himself and his officers ; the 
owners of the Anne to ship out 800Z. in pieces of eight for the ship's 
joint stock, and a like sum for the Captain and his officers. The owners 
of the Anne present a paper teUing of the succession of Leonard Brown 
to command that ship in case of the death of the present commander, 
and of Ewin Johnson to succeed in case of Brown's death; the 
Court approve of this for the present voyage. The Treasury Conomittee 
to send a proportion of the treasure designed for Surat aboard the Anne. 
Order is given for one-quarter part of the freight received for diamonds 
and fine goods returned this last voyage in the New London, of which 
one-half is to be paid to Mary Erwyn, the other half to Capt. John 
Daniel, in accordance with a report from the Committee for Private 
Trade. On petition, Ann Wheelock who is going with her maid in the 
New London to Surat and is to marry John Chase, a factor there, and 
has paid 16Z, for their passage, order is given for her to be refunded half 
the said sum, (i p,) 

The Company to Messrs. Selwinn and Bathurst, March 7, 1679 
{Letter Book, vol. vi, p. 48), 

Acknowledge receipt of their letters of February 3rd and 13th,, with 
invoice and receipt of the taffetas sent by the PuUania, the cost and 
charge they have credited to their account. Find the wrought taffetas 
turn better to account than the others so desire further returns may be 
made in them. Recommend the recovery of the debts to their care. 

[IP) 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


253 

A Court of Committees, March 10, 1679 {Court Book, vol. xxxi, 
p. 165). 

Thomas Papillon to be allowed to export 800 pieces of eight for 
account of Henry Oxinden on paying freight. Interest to be allowed on 
all bills payable the loth of this month and until the 20th instant. 
Thomas Petit applies on behalf of his brother, John Petit, now Agent in 
Persia, as to the salary the latter is to be allowed, and is told that he 
will receive the same as his predecessor, Thomas Rolt. The Shipping 
Committee to repair next Wednesday or Thursday to Gravesend and 
give directions for the immediate dispatch to the Downs of the ships 
designed for Surat, see what condition they are in as regards men, 
victuals, and stores, and that two ketches be engaged by Captain Prowd 
to attend them into the Downs ; also to give directions concerning some 
parcels of coral beads secretly put aboard the New London by James 
Calient and Mr. Price, which, if not sent ashore by the owners, as 
promised, the Committee is to see about, with any other prohibited 
goods discovered aboard, but if they are sent ashore they shall not be 
charged with stated damages, (i p.) 

A General Court of Sales, March 11-14, 1679 P- 166), 

Sale of cotton yam, Floretta yam, Bihapatam and Jambi pepper, 
dust of pepper, aloes socratina, benzoin, olibanum, sal-ammoniac, lapis 
tutia, Carmania wool, cotton wool, tincal, turmeric, Lahore indigo, 
spikenard, senna, China ginger, green ginger, stick-lac, dust of tea, 
cowries, red earth, ropes and wrappers, longcloth brown and blue, 
salampores, parcallaes, morees, bettellees, oringal bettellees, neckcloths, 
dungarees, brown dungarees, sail-cloth, ginghams, coloured ginghams, 
izarees, allejaes, sacerguntees, saderuncheras, coUowey pooes, romals, 
cotton romals, romals mixed with silk, mulmuls, humhums, tanjebs, 
nillaes, jellolsies, raw tafietas, sannoes, faradine black, silk white and 
yellow, raw silk, gunnies, quilts large and small, chintz broad and 
narrow, chintz kaddy and serunge, tapseils broad and narrow, nicannees, 
brawles, Guinea stuffs, culgees, pautkaes blue and white, derebauds, 
byrampauts, baftas broad and narrow, blue and white, sovaguzees, 
peelongs coloured and white, hockins coloured and white, and pieces of 
showes. With prices and names of purchasers. (23 pp,) 

A Court of Committees, March 13, 1679 {Ibid,, p. 189). 

Henry Arthur, formerly recommended by Sir Henry Ford, now 



256 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

'makes his humble addresse to be pennitted to take passage in the New 
London for Bombay’, there to trade as a free merchant. The Court 
consent upon his entering into covenants and giving bond as is usual. 
He is to be pennitted to ship out to the value of 200I. in bullion free of 
freight. Order is given for a clause to be inserted in the general letter to 
Surat and to Bombay that neither the said Henry Arthur nor any other 
is to be entertained into the Company’s service without special order 
from the Court. (J p.) 

A Court of Committees, March 14, 1679 [Court Booh, vol. xxxi, 
p. 190). 

Consideration is had as to what alteration should be made in goods 
formerly advised for to Surat, the Fort, and the factories in the Bay, 
and Alderman Bathurst is asked to prepare a clause to be written to 
those places concerning broad chintz, quilts, cuttanees, and culgees, also 
raw silk, taffetas and other goods, in accordance with the opinion of the 
present debate. Resolved that lOO tons of cowries be bought, and that 
the 25 tons of turmeric ordered be made up to 50 tons, in case kentledge 
shall be wanted to complete the tonnage of the ships. To encourage 
owners of ships to bring back lac in good condition, it is resolved that 
they shall be allowed 20s. a ton for all stowed in the orlop, and not in 
the hold and not run together, over and above the freight named in the 
charter party. On a report that the ships designed for Surat are at the 
Hope, and that Ewyn Johnson has not gone aboard the Ann& to his 
duty, the Shipping Committee are desired to ascertain whether he 
intends to proceed in the voyage, and unless he repairs immediately on 
board to send another able person in his stead. Letters for Surat and 
Bombay to be examined ready for the Court's signature. The Treasury 
Committee with five other Committees, to consider the present state 
of the Company's affairs, cause an estimate to be drawn up of what 
moneys are owing by them at interest upon bills to the nth instant, 
also what for customs, freight, and goods bought, etc., what money is 
due to them from the King or any other person, what the goods last 
sold amounted to, and what remain in the warehouses unsold, and pre- 
sent to the Court, (i 

The Company to Captain John Goldsborough, March 14, 1679 
{Letter Booh, vol. vi, p. 71). 

They have often charged the President and Council at Surat to take 
care that all lacs are stowed not in the hold but on the orlop of their 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


257 

ships, for the heat of the hold makes them run together, this is a great 
loss to the Company and hinders the sale of the la.cs. They have now 
renewed this order and think fit to direct Goldsborough to take special 
care that the lacs are not stowed in the hold and so spoilt by the heat, 
but on the orlop where they can be kept cool. The Company offer to 
give an extra twenty shillings a ton, above the freight allowed in 
charter-party, for all lacs brought home in good condition. Pray that 
he may have a prosperous voyage and a safe return. (J ^.) Letters of 
like tenor are sent to Captains Cooke and Daniel. 

A Court of Committees, March 15, 1679 {Court Book, vol. xxxi, 
p. 191). 

Letters received from Bantam by the Bofnhay Merchant are read, and 
an account taken from the purser of the state of the Company's affairs 
in the South Seas. The packets from the Agent and Council at Bantam 
sent in the Expectation and Unity have not yet arrived. (J p.) 

A Court of Committees, March 17, 1679 {Rid.). 

Two bales of raw silk bought by Sir John Lethulier at the last sale to 
be examined, he alleging that they are not what were sold to him. 
Certain Committees to draw up a letter to the Agent and Council at the 
Fort touching the examination and depositions relating to the business 
of Messrs. Manwaring and Mohun. {\ p.) 

A Court of Committees, March 17, 1679 [afternoon] {Rid., p. i92)* 

A report is read touching thirty-nine bales of black Carmania wool 
received from Surat by the Company's ships in 1676 and 1678, that 
President Rolt pretends were laden for his account, and the Court order 
that he be allowed the prime cost, and, if it shall appear that he had not 
sufficient money to buy the said goods, they will allow him the interest 
of the country, which is nine per cent. ( J p.) 

A Court of Committees, March 19, 1679 { I ^-* P- 193) • 

Letters received from Bantam are read and referred to the Committees 
to consider what goods and necessaries advised for are requisite to be 
provided and sent by the Caesar, and what shall be written in answer to 
the said letters. The Court resolve that next Friday they will consider 
whether any dividend shall be made to the adventurers now. ( J p.) 

A Court of Committees, March 19, 1679 [afternoon] {Ibid., p. 194). 

Letters from Bombay received via Bantam by the Unity are read and 

s 


4372 



258 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

the desire expressed in them of Henry Oxinden to be allowed to return 
to y.ngland is agreed to, and order given for a letter to be written to the 
President and Coimcil to give directions accordingly. The Governor, 
Thomas Canham, and Daniel Sheldon are accepted as securityin 1,000/. 
for Richard Mohun, and on a request made that the bonds formerly 
given by them for Mohim may be delivered up, order is given for h^ 
account during the time he was Chief at Masulipatam to be examined 
and reported before this is done. Certain Committees to meet the Com- 
mittees for Gresham College and make an agreement concerning the 
vaults of the Exchange near Threadneedle Street, and report. (| p.) 

A Court of Committees, March 21, 1679 ifiourt Book, vol. xxxi. 
p. 195 ). 

The Accountant having drawn up a statement of the Company's 
affairs, debts, and credits, Sir Josia Child or Christopher Boone, with 
the help of the Committees nominated before, is desired to consider this, 
write a report, and present it to the Court next Wednesday, so that the 
question of a dividend may be debated next Thursday afternoon. ( J p) 

A Court of Committees, March 26, 1679 

A report from the Committee for Bantam and the South Sea Factories 
is read and referred to the Committee for Buying Goods to provide the 
arms, ammunition, kitchen utensils, and piece goods wanted, also the 
arms and other things desired by the two Sultans ; they are to spend to 
the value of 6ooi. for the old Sultan and 200?. for his son, and have all 
ready to be sent in the Caesar, The Shipping Committee to entertain 
twenty able seamen to serve in the Company's frigates in the South 
Seas, who are to go to Bantam in the Caesar, the said Committee are 
also to examine the account of Francis Moore, surgeon. Order is given 
for a surgeon and a cook to be obtained and sent to Bantam, and for 
William Hudson to be admitted as a pensioner into the Almshouse at 
Poplar at zs, 6 d, a week. The report concerning the present state of 
the affairs of the Company is read, it is to the following effect : the Com- 
mittees, after reading the abstract made by Beyer from the Company's 
books, find that the debts and engagements amount to above 2i6,oooZ. 
sterling more than their effects in England come to, so that, according 
to a computation made by the Accountant, at least ioo,ooo?. of the 
transient bills must be left unpaid to enable them to discharge their 
necessary disbursements without taking up new money at interest. 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


259 

The Committees think that the statement made by Beyer is as near the 
true state of the Company's affairs as can be made. Order is given for 
the report to be considered to-morrow afternoon. {2 pp.) 

A Court of Committees, March 27, 1679 (Ibid., p. 197). 

The report touching the state of the Company's affairs is debated 
fuUy, and the question being put whether any dividend should be made 
to the adventurers, payable presently or within a month, is answered in 
the negative. A proposal to reduce the interest now paid by the Com- 
pany on money made use of for trade to four per cent, and another for 
a dividend to be made to the adventurers at the next sale are both 
referred for consideration until Saturday, April 12. Order is given for 
the adventure of i,oooZ. assigned by Sir Henry Dacres to the Company 
to be transferred to Sir Josia Child, who is to pay 2,550/. into the Com- 
pany's cash. The Treasury Committee to provide 48,000 dollars to be 
sent to Bantam in the Caesar ; and order is given for 20/. to be spent in 
paper and quills for Bantam, and for a great bible and two books of 
Common Prayer to be sent to that factory. (| p^ 

A Court of Committees, April 2, 1679 ( md ., p. 198). 

The business touching reduction of interest given by the Company, 
and consideration as to whether a dividend shall be issued in September 
next are both referred for debate on Tuesday the 15th instant in the 
afternoon. The following accotmts to be stated and reported: that of 
Joseph Arnold, William Metcalf, Captain Gregory Field, Richard Cross, 
John Ogdon, Robert Newton, Robert Marshal, John English, and John 
Dacres. Mr. Marshal and Mr. Meadows to be questioned as to what 
information they can give of the persons who murdered Agent White 
and Willoughby and North, this evidence to be taken before some 
Justice of the Peace or others, as is thought fit. Maiy Cooper to be paid 
5/. ; and Humphrey Edwin 40/. towards house rent for the year ending 
March 25 last. The petitions of Thomas Sellon, Frances Davies, Robert 
Kirkby, Mary Bolton, and Jane Bennet axe referred for examination and 
report. The Shipping Committee to give directions for the Caesar to 
be dispatched from Gravesend by the 19th instant, and to treat with her 
owners about her carrying the half kentledge freight free in case she is 
returned from Bantam in three months' time. They are also to provide 
an engine for ‘quenching of fire' to be sent in the Caesar for Bantam, 
and to give directions for John Dickens to go in the said ship to 



26o court minutes, ETC., OF THE 

Bantam, paying his own passage, as he is to be trained under Captain 
Cubett in the art of navigation. The Accountant to draw up a state- 
ment of the charge of the factory at Bantam, and of the subordinate 
factories, and present to the Court. Two surgeons to be entertained to 
serve the Company in the South Seas. Mr. Ferdinand's claim to a parcel 
of coral beads in the warehouse to be examined, and, if it appears that 
they belong to him, they are to be delivered, he to give a sufficient dis- 
charge to the Company and to others who made claim to them. The 
demands of Mr. Brerewood about certain pautkaes to be looked into 
and reported. {2 pp.) 

A Court of Committees, April 4, 1679 {Court Book, vol. xxxi, 
p. 200). 

Agent Robert Parker to be allowed a salary of 200L a year with a 
gratuity of looZ. yearly, the same as was enjoyed by his predecessor. 
Agent White, and, on stating that he spent a great deal at his first 
arrival on wine and entertainment of visitors he is allowed an additional 
500 dollars. The petition of Elizabeth Bbc for admission as a pensioner 
at Poplar is referred, that it may be ascertained whether she conforms 
to the church of England and whether she is in want, as is alleged. The 
petitions of John Richards and of three other soldiers lately come from 
St. Helena are referred for consideration and report. A pot of musk to 
be delivered to Thomas Churchley, he to pay two per cent on its true 
value, in case it appears that WilHam Hodges and Thomas Robinson, 
who consigned it to him, are in the Company's service. The owners of the 
Success to be paid 1,124?. ^ of freight. A statement of the 

account of Joseph Arnold is read, in which it is shown that he owes, 
the Company 467?. los. gd . ; the Court direct that payment be demanded 
from him and his security, and a report made to the Court. The Bantam. 
Committee to consider and report what they think should be written in 
answer to several particulars relating to the Company's affairs in that 
Agency now mentioned in Court, (i p.) 

Henry Guy to Mr. Kent, April 5, 1679 Record Office: Out 

Letters General, p. ii). 

To deliver to Mr. Shales an account of the money you have advanced 
upon tallies on the Customs to March 25 last, and an account of 
the exact sum now due and in arrear to the East India Company on 
their loans: and to. prepare an accoimt for the Treasury Lords of all: 
your payments of all sorts since October 31 last.. 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 261 

A Court of Committees, April 9, 1679 {Court Book, voL xxxi, 
p. 202). 

Thomas Austen is admitted to the freedom by redemption. Permis- 
sion to ship out goods, etc., in the Caesar is given to the following per- 
sons : Thomas Papillon, seven bales of Noyal canvas and sixty reams of 
paper ; Sir William Holcroft, ten saddles with holsters and pistols ; to 
Mrs. Parker ten carbines and ten fowling pieces, freight to be paid in 
each case. The complaint of Mr. Rossington about the irregular build- 
ing of the shed in the Blue Warehouse is referred for consideration, also 
the petition of Thomas Woolters, On the request of Captain Nichols the 
matters in dispute between the Company and himself are referred to 
arbitration. {'Lp) 

A Court of Committees, April 10, 1679 [ Ibid -, p- 203). 

Francis Moore to be paid 45^. 17s. in accordance with a report. 
The Bantam Committee to consider the information given by Mr. Mar- 
shall concerning the murder of Agent White and other factors, and 
what answer should be written to the King of Bantam ; they are also to 
take into consideration the Articles of Peace between His Majesty and 
the States-General of the United Provinces, and what directions should 
be given to the Agent and Coundl of Bantam in case of a war between 
the Dutch and the King of Bantam ; also what establishment should be 
made for the Company’s charge in the factories at that place, and report 
what they think should be done, Mr. Ongley to be allowed for some 
ginghams he bought at the last sale which he alleges are much damaged. 
In accordance with the finding of the arbitrators. Captain Henry 
Nicholls is to be paid in full for freight of the wine he brought from 
Puerto S}^ Maria. The Shipping Committee, in accordance with the 
Court’s order of January 24 last, send in the report following: The 
reasons why the minister and schoolmaster of Poplar have been paid 
from December 25 last from the revenue of the Hospital are that they 
both live there, the one to instruct the people m the Almshouse in the 
principles of the Christian religion, the other to teach the children of the 
seamen or others who are, or have been, in the Company’s service ; that 
though when the revenue of the Hospital was small the Company paid 
the minister and schoolmaster, now, the Stock having increased, it may 
well bear that charge, the Company giving 20L yearly to the .poor 
widows, etc., of Stepney, relations of those who have served them m the 
Indies, The charity given to the Hospital was intended for wounded 



262 


COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 


and maimed mariners and others 'fallen into decay’ in the Company’s 
service, but there was no particular foundation determining this, and 
the original way of raising maintenance for it having ceased, and several 
sums given by particular persons being directed by the Court, the Com- 
mittee think that the charity may also help those factors or servants 
who have served the Company weU in the Indies, and, if the stock 
increases, then six widows of the aforesaid men should be maintained 
and allowed pensions out of the Hospital money. There is no provision 
with regard to penalties made in the rules for government of the 
Hospital. The Committee also think that a book should be kept for the 
accounts and concerns of the Hospital, and registered by Thomas Lewes, 
or whoever shall be appointed. They have caused search to be made for 
any writings or deeds of the said Hospital, but without result, and will, 
if the Court think fit, give directions for a more thorough search to be 
made in the Treasury among the old papers and writings in the garret of 
the Company’s house. The original report follows. In this the Com- 
mittee state they find by searching books and papers that, in the year 
1625 Court of Committees took into consideration means of relief 
for wounded mariners who had been maimed or 'fallen into decay’ in 
the Company’s service, and instructed their pa5nnaster to deduct 2d, in 
the pound from all seamen’s wages employed by them towards the said 
relief, and, in order the sooner to raise a stock, 2d, in the pound was 
also to be allowed by the Committees from their gratuities, and from 
the salaries of all of&cers of the Company, only very poor men to be 
exempted from paying the said sum. This went on well, for, on March 
31, 1626, Sambrooke reported that he had in cash yil, stopped from the 
pursers’ accounts for registering, iiZ. of which was put into the Poor- 
box and 6o^,, the remainder, into the hands of the Treasurer to erect 
a Hospital for the relief of mariners. On April 4, 1627, Mr. Styles told 
the Court of a house suitable for that purpose for sale in Poplar; this 
was bought by the Company in the following May for 360Z., and a 
survey ordered to be taken, and report made of repairs and convenien- 
cies to be undertaken for entertaining almsmen. The house and land 
adjoining were freehold, yet many disputes arose, but finally security 
was given to the Company by Mr. Dalton who sold it in a bond of 500/. 
to save them harmless from Messrs. Bull and Humphrys. On June 15, 
1627, a fine was required and a 99 years’ lease taken. This done, the 
repairs went forward and the house was fitted that year for 350?., and 
the Court resolved that twenty poor should be maintained there, but 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


263 


no allowance was mentioned. In the foUowing August 134Z. more was 
stopped from the pursers' accounts for the use of the Hospital. In 
September, 1629, Dethick's fence joining the ground of the Alms- 
house was ordered to be made up, and it was agreed where and how it 
should be erected. In 1630, the inhabitants of Ratcliffe, Lymehouse, and 
BlackwaU complained to the Court of the great charge they incurred by 
the death of seamen who left their widows and children on the parish. 
Hereupon order was given for 20L to be distributed to ease this charge. 
Orders were also given for every almsman to be supplied with a gown 
every two years and for one of them who 'could best doe it' to read 
prayers daily to the rest. In October, 1632, the Court was informed that 
there was upwards of 400Z. in the Poor-box, for this it was desired that 
a biU might be given and the money put out at interest, and a proposal 
made to add to it 60 or 100 marks to advance the stock (no mention is 
made as to how this sum should be raised) towards building a chapel at 
Poplar, according to the entreaties of the inhabitants there, and at 
BlackwaE, the overplus of dividends to do this. In October, 1633, Mr. 
Shute preached (as was found in the Register to be customary) before 
the Company, and in his sermon asked that the 2d. deducted from the 
seamens' wages might be stopped as the Committees did nothing of the 
kind themselves. This was approved, and at the next Court order was 
given accordingly, though this order was not long enforced. In Decem- 
ber, 1634 (near Christmas), a chaldron of coal was given to the Alms- 
house and 20S. in money to be divided amongst the men. In this year 
some persons sought to take the ‘Poor's stock' from the Company and 
use it towards building St. Paul's, but this came to nothing. The Com- 
pany being told that the ahnsmen neglected to come to prayers, orders 
were written out and set up in the Almshouse for their observance, for 
the gift of coal and the 20s. to be continued annually, and for 20I. to be 
distributed yearly amongst the poor of the parish of Stepney, Poplar, 
and Blackwall. In May, 1642, the inhabitants renewed their request for 
ground to build a chapel, and a house for a minister, and Mr. Prowen 
was directed to inspect the Company's ground behind the Almshouse 
which the Court resolved should be granted for that purpose, also that 
sixty loads of stones on the said ground belonging to the Company should 
be given towards the foundation of the chapd, 'the trees behind the 
Almshouse lopt and the lops given to the Almsmen '. In 1644 the Alms- 
men were told to attend public prayer twice daily. In 1645 Mr. 
Fremlin, late President of India (Surat), bequeathed 500?. for the use 



264 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

of the Poplar Almshouse, because he had 'gained his estate in the 
Company's service In 1646, there being no money in the Poor-box, by 
order of Court a warrant was made out to the Treasury for 20L to be 
paid from 'the Poor's Stock' to be placed in the Poor-box. In 1647 
Edward Howes was given leave to keep a school in the Almshouse, read 
prayers to the men twice a day, and teach children 'Mariners art', the 
Hall being appointed for the school and a little room adjoining for 
the library. In March, 1649, Sambrooke reported that the Stock of the 
Almshouse was 1,894/. 3s. 2d. In April, 1652, 200/. was given by a Gen- 
eral Court towards the building of a chapel out of the Hospital Stock, 
and, an account of ‘the Poor's Stock' being made up, it was found 
that there was 2,000/. at interest for the use of the Hospital, most of it 
coming from the 2d. in the pound stopped out of the mariners' wages, as 
appears by the register of that year. A proposal was made to buy land 
with the said 2,000/. for the use of the Hospital, but nothing was done. 
In February, 1653, the Committees added 50/. from their annual 
gratuities towards the building of the chapel at Poplar. In September 
of the same year 37/. los. was given to that work from Mr. Peniston's 
fine, and in November, 1656, two-thirds of Mr. Merry's fine of 50/. was 
given for the same purpose. On April 2, 1656, Alderman Simon 
Edmonds, the only survivor of the feoffees in trust in the purchaise of 
the Almshouse at Poplar, made a conveyance thereof to several gentle- 
men of the Court of Committees, but to whom, or where the said writ- 
mgs axe, cannot be discovered. The inhabitants of BlackwaU and 
Poplar desired the Company to take the patronage of the chapel and 
always to approve of their choice of a minister to live in part of the 
Almshouse and have the use of part of the garden during the Company’s 
pleasure. That year Mr. Marriot was chosen minister and a gratuity of 
25/. a year was allowed him and the use of three ground rooms for his 
accommodation, and, at the same time, order was given for the Hall to 
be used for the school, and the kitchen adjoinmg with a room over it to 
be for the use of the schoolmaster. Order was also given for all persons 
who had ‘intruded into' the Almshouse, not being admitted by the 
Court's order, to be expelled, and for the ground about the chapel to be 
used as a burying place for the inhabitants of Poplar and BlackwaU. In 
1658 the debt of the Hospital was settled and brought from the Fourth 
Joint Stock to this Stock, amounting, principal and interest, to the sum 
of 2,350/. ; this was done and also several legacies. On February 2, 1658, 
several of the Committees were asked to try to discover the constitu- 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


265 

tions of the Hospital and have them recorded in the Court book. In 
November, i 659 » Thomas Kerridge gave looL to the Almshouse, On 
December 31, 1662, sixty-six trees on the ground of the Almshouse were 
sold to Henry Johnson for 50Z., which sum was brought to the account 
of the Hospital, but, according to agreement, he was to plant sixty 
young trees in their room, which he has not done. Several references 
have from time to time been made about stating the account of the 
Hospital Almshouse, but no report to the Court of this can be traced. 
On January 7, 1673, the inhabitants of Blackwall and Poplar petitioned 
for the chapel to be made a parish church distinct from that of Stepney, 
and asked for assistance in the matter which the Company promised. 
The Committee find that a wash-house was built for the use of the 
Minister, and several repairs done, the charge being brought to the 
account of the Almshouse ; also that the Shipping Committee nominated 
a schoolmaster, and all the affairs of the Almshouse were referred to 
them. The Committee having given an account of the rise of the ‘ Poor's 
stock' now at interest in the Company's cash, which is 3,650/., being for 
the use of the Almshouse and such other charities as the Company may 
think fit, and, it being referred to them to consider the whole matter 
concerning both Stock and Almshouse, they find by the books of 
accounts of the Fourth Joint Stock where that said account in beginning 
is charged with 1,852/. ns. 2d, for so much owing to the Third Joint 
Stock, and brought in credit of that Stock's account, and this Stock 
credits the 'poor's * account with 2,350/. charging so much to the Fourth 
Joint Stock's account, which Stock paid so much into this General 
Stock's cash on May 5, 1659, condition that interest should be 
allowed from May 31 last, and, from time to time interest has been 
allowed in credit of that account, so that, according to balance, there is 
due to the Almshouse account 2,924/. 12s. 8 d, with interest till December 
8, 1676, also several sums collected at Surat. Therefore the Committee 
find the sum of 3,650/, due to the Almshouse, for which interest ought 
to be allowed from time to time until the Company think fit to dispose 
of it in land or otherwise. The accormt annexed {none given) shows what 
money has been particularly given from time to time by several persons 
for the poor, besides what is stated above, which lately has been care- 
fully registered, with an account of gifts and the charge of the Alms- 
house as it stands in the general books. They also find that the charge 
for weekly allowance to the almsmen, gowns every two years, with the 
five chaldrons of coal now allowed them each year, and repairs, amounts 



266 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

to about iioZ. or i2oZ. yearly. At present there are eleven almsmen and 
one woman, viz. : Nicholas Bix, who receives a double pension, John 
Skipsey, John Goodlad, Thomas Baynes, William Bethel, Robert 
Stephens, William Gee, Francis Mould, and Avery Watkins each re- 
ceiving 2s, weekly; Susanna Frey, a widow, who helps the almsmen 
in case of sickness and has 25 . (>d, weekly, and Hester Thomas, a poor 
bed-ridden woman over eighty years of age whose husband was porter 
at Blackwall Yard when it was in the Company’s hands, but she has no 
pension. These all have rooms in the Almshouse, but Thomas Palmer 
and Gabriel Jenkins, who each lost a leg in the Company’s service, do 
not dwell in the Almshouse but receive the weekly pension of as. 6cZ, 
Samuel Peck, minister, and Nathaniel Atkins, schoolmaster, who hve in 
the Almshouse, have not been allowed pay from the Stock of the 
Hospital, but have received gratuities from the Company at the rate of 
2oZ. a year each. There are at present twenty-five youths under the 
tuition of the schoolmaster. The Committee having stated the whole 
matter as they find it 'in register and books of accounts ’ are of opinion 
that the customary admittance of almsmen by order of the Court should 
be continued and the three vacancies now available be supplied by 
installing indigent persons who have served the Company and best merit 
their charity, so that the number fourteen may be made up, in accor- 
dance with the direction of the Court. For all persons to be hereafter 
admitted, if maimed men, security must first be given by the parish 
from whence they come, that at their death their widows shall be re- ^ 
moved and provided for by the said parish, and at the admittance of 
such almsmen they are to be given a gown not exceeding forty shillings 
in price. No person to be allowed to dwell in the Almshouse but the 
minister, his wife, children, and servants, the schoolmaster, and the 
pensioners, unless there shall be any exceptional occasion for a nurse or 
nurses. The yearly charge of all this will amount to 147Z. 105. Twenty- 
five youths to be continued and taught in the school, preferably those 
whose fathers have been in the Company’s service and who are poor, 
none to be admitted under seven years of age or continued in the school 
after the age of fourteen. The fittest almsman to be appointed to ring 
the bell at the time fixed for calling the men and scholars to prayers, to 
lock up the gates of the Almshouse every night, and be paid J.2A, a week 
extra for his pains, over and above his pension. The present minister, 
schoolmaster, pensioners, and scholars to observe carefully these orders 
which are to be put up in the Almshouse, and a bell is to be provided 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


267 

and put up in the courtyard. The necessary repairs to the Almshouse, 
the outhouses belonging to it, and the fence of the ground, which will 
cost about thirty pounds, to be finished. Henry Johnson to be required 
to plant the sixty-six (szc)’^ trees, according to his agreement, or to give 
recompense for them. All this and whatever else the Court shall think 
fit is humbly offered for their consideration. Dated January 24, 1678. 
Here follow eight rules and orders for the good government of the 
pensioners and scholars who have been or shall ^ admitted to the 
Company's Almshouse at Poplar. The account of Charles Aston, late 
Pa5unaster of the mariners, to be examined in order to ascertain 
whether the security given by him for the discharge of that ofl&ce may 
be delivered up as is desired. (7J pp.y 

A General Court, April 15, 1679 {Court Book, vol. xxxi, p. 211). 

The Generality are told of the occasion of their meeting, according to 
their general papers, and that a scrutiny having been taken of their 
votes, the choice has fallen upon Sir Nathaniel Heme to be Governor, 
and upon Robert Thomson, Esq., to be Deputy Governor; these two 
accordingly take their oaths, as is customary, in the presence of the 
Generality. {\p) 

A Court of Committees, April 15, 1679 [Ihid., p. 212). 

The complaint of Alderman Bathurst concerning some baftas he 
bought at the last sale is referred for examination and report. Order is 
given for the Husband to deliver to Mr. Serjeant Gregory, Speaker of 
the House of Commons, a cabinet containing thirty-five pieces of 
Tonquin silk returned in the Expectation, free of stated damages. The 
Court resolve that only four per cent per annum shall be allowed on all 
money owing by the Company at interest from such time as they think 
fit after notice has been given to those concerned, but that five per cent 
shall be continued to be paid for all transient money taken up before the 
sales; the Treasury Committee with certain other Committees and 
Moses to consider and report what legal notice should be given to those 
persons to wnthdraw their money so that if they refuse to do so the 
Company may not be obliged to pay them more than the said four per 
cent. Treasure designed for Bantam to be shipped aboard the Caesar as 
soon as she is ready to receive it. It is also resolved that it shall be 

* See 1644-9 volume, p. ix. 

* For a history of Poplar Chap^ see Sir William Foster’s John Company, ch, xi. 



268 


COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

declared at the next General Court that this Court were desirous to have 
issued a dividend the last sale, but found it very inconvenient because 
of the Company’s great debt, but they hope (God willing) to issue one 
at the next sale, if the expected ships arrive in safety. Order is given 
for payment of the following sums : 6ol. to Mrs. Erwin ; to the owners of 
the Expectation 3,000!., a like sum to the owners of the Unity and to the 
owners of the Bombay in part of freight and demurrage, and to the 
owners of the Caesar 2,414!. 5s. 6 d. in full of her freight. The Treasury 
Committee to affix the Company’s seal to a release to be given to Sir 
Henry Dacres who is to sign and seal a counterpart to the Company. 
The petition of Grace Davies to be examined and reported, (i J pp.) 

A Generai Court, April 19, 1679 {Court Book vol. xxxi, p. 214). 

The Governor causes the names to be read of the twenty-four Com- 
mittees chosen for the ensuing year. They are as follows: George Lord 
Berkeley, James Lord Chandos, Sir Samuel Bamardiston, Christopher 
Boone, John Bathurst, Sir Josia Child, Thomas Canham, Colonel John 
Clerke, John Cooke, Richard Hutchinson, Joseph Heme, Sir Arthur 
Ingram, John JoUife, Sir John Lawrence, Sir John Moore, Samuel 
Moyer, John Morden, Thomas Papillon, John Paige, Edward Rudge, 
Jeremy Sambrooke, Sir WiUiam Thomson, Samuel Thonason, and 
James Ward.* i^p) 

A Court of Committees, April 25, 1679 {Ibid., p. 215). 

The account of Charles Aston to be examined, and report made as to 
whether the bonds he gave for the discharge of his office as pa3miaster 
of the mariners may be given up. Sir William Thomson, Sir John 
Lawrence, Sir John Moore, Messrs. Boone and Hutchinson are desired 
to take upon themselves the management of the Company’s treasury 
for the ensuing year. William Gostwick, minister, is admitted to the 
freedom gratis. The Treasury Committee to buy to the value of 20,000!. 
in pieces of eight, if these are to be had at the standard price, but not to 
exceed one-quarter above that rate. Certain of the Committees to con- 
sider how a stock of money may be raised for propagation of the Gospel 
in India, and for relief of the poor, ,and report how they think this may 
be managed. The Bantam Committee to read the accounts from that 
place and the South Sea Factories and compute what stock is there for 

’ The ei^t new members were: James Lord Chandos, John Cooke, Richard Hutchin- 
son, Sir Arthur Ingram, Sir John Lawrence, John Morden, Samuel Thomson, and James 
Ward. 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


269 

lading the ships already in the country, for providing pepper for the 
Caesar now outward-bound, and for investments for this year’s shipping, 
and how much of the 48,000 dollars ordered to be sent in theCaesar 
shall be laden in her. Joseph Arnold and his security to be desired to 
pay 467/. los. gd. due on his account. Damaged pepper to be returned 
to the owners of the Bombay Merchant, Expectation, and Unity. The 
owners of the Eagle to be paid 3,20oZ. in part of her freight. A report 
from the Committee for Bantam and the South Sea Factories touching 
an establishment for defraying the charge and expense of the Com- 
pany’s factory at Bantam is read and approved; it is to the following 
effect: The Committee find that the disbursements at Bantam have of 
late been very extravagant and they advise the following reductions: 
that the table charge or expense in housekeeping for every factor and 
writer, for one minister, one surgeon, and a cook shall be at the rate of 
20Z. per annum; no allowance to be made for any sort of persons or 
oflSicers whatsoever; for defraying all extraordinary charge for wine, 
beer, mum, arrack, and all entertainments, 300Z. per annum; these 
sums to include all expense for meat, drink, and all other charges of 
housekeeping and horsekeeping, and not to be placed to the account of 
charges general. For the diet of soldiers employed for the necessary 
defence of the factory, each man over and above their pay 12L per 
ann um. For maintenance of the black servants and lascars, 150/. per 
annum, they to be employed in work about pepper and other goods, 
that the account of merchandise may be lessened. The Committee think 
that the Agent and Council should be directed to keep the account of 
charges of merchandise for what concerns the Company’s trade distinct, 
be very frugal about it and send every year an account of particular dis- 
bursements, for the satisfaction of the Company, As regards presents 
and repairs, they refer to what the Court has already ordered on that 
subject. The petition of Thomas Saunders is referred to the Committee 
for Private Trade to do as they think best about it. (2 pp.) 

A Court of Committees, April 30, 1679 P- 217). 

The accounts of Peter Gryst, Robert Howard, Henry Pinhouse, and 
Nicholas Straplin to be examined and reported. Abel Pain to be dis- 
missed from the Bantam Council and ordered to return to England, 
according to former directions, and, in case of the death of Agent 
Parker, Robert Bowyer is to succeed him, and the rest of the factors to 
succeed in course according to seniority in the Company’s service there* 



270 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

A report about lading the 48,000 dollars in the Caesar is approved, 
Elizabeth Bix to be removed from Poplar Ahnshouse and allowed 5/. 
from the stock towards her relief, she being very poor. The account of 
Mr. Wynn, chaplain at St. Helena, as to his yearly salary of 50?. but not 
as to his gratuity, to be reported. Stones returned in the Bombay 
Mer chant ioi want of kentledge goods, and for which the owners demand 
allowance of freight, to be examined and a report made concerning 
them. Captain Gregory Field, late Governor of St. Helena, to be paid 
253/. os. The petition of Elizabeth Newton is referred for considera- 
tion. [J-lpp) 

A Court of Committees, May 2, 1679 {Court Book, vol. xxxi, 
p. 218). 

A report from the Committee for Bantam and the South Sea Factories 
as to how the Caesar should obtain her lading in case of disappointment 
at Bantam is read and approved. The owners of the Caesar present the 
following requests: that in case of a deviation of the Caesar's voyage 
they may be allowed the same freight for Coast and Bay goods as is 
given to other vessels going there ; pay only five shillings per dollar for 
what money they shall have occasion to take up there, not exceeding 
2,000 dollars ; and be allowed reasonable consideration for pepper taken 
in green at Sillebar, where it is not milled as it is at Bantam, and so not 
be losers. The Court agree to consider their proposals on return of the 
vessel. Damaged pepper to he returned to the owners of the Eagle, A 
copy of the account of Joseph Arnold to be given to Mr. Breton, one of 
his securities, who is to be requested to give the Secretary a copy of the 
letter mentioning to whom the money was paid that Arnold received in 
advance upon coming away. The account of Robert Fleetwood to be 
examined and the advice of Moses taken as to how far his security is 
liable to make good what Fleetwood owes to the Company, (i p.) 

A Court of Committees, May 7, 1679 {Ibid,, p. 220). 

The following orders are given: for an endorsement to be made on the 
charter-party of the Caesar declaring the consent of the owners to her 
sailing for Sillebar, if occasion arises, notwithstanding the clause in the 
said charter-party to the contrary; for the following payments to be 
made: to Sir Arthur Ingram 5Z. 14s. yd, for freight for dollars, to 
Matthew Covell, Robert Howard, Henry Pinhouse, and Nicholas Strap- 
ling ^hat these payments are for is not staled) ; for the accounts of Daniel 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


271 

Homan and Emanuel HaH to be examined and reported ; for Mr. Ward 
to be permitted to ship in the Caesar 234 J pieces of eight and one string 
of amber beads, and Thomas Hoblethwait to be permitted to ship in her 
500 dollars freight free, he being entertained to serve for three years 
in the Company's shipping in the South Seas. Thomas Dickinson is also 
permitted to ship 220 dollars in that ship freight free. Extraordinary 
charges disbursed by John White, a writer at Bantam, during his sick- 
ness, to be examined. A bill of lading to be signed by Captain Andrewes 
for shot laden in the Caesar, to be charged to her owners" account. 
Daniel Edwards and Nathaniel Skottow are accepted as additional 
securities in 5ooZ. for Daniel Quick, a factor at Bantam. Robert Marshall 
gives in two bills, one signed by Matthew Gray, Charles James, and 
Philip Gyfford for 5,450 rupees received of Captain Henry Anderson, 
dated February i, 1672, the other signed by the same persons and 
Caesar Chamberlaine for 12,000 rupees, dated January 4, 1674; both 
bills are now cancelled in Court, the money having been paid, 

The Company to Captain Jonathan Andrewes, May 7, 1679 
[Letter Book, vol. vi, p. 86). 

They have freighted his ship, the Caesar, for a voyage to the Indies 
and order him to do his best to get her into the Downs and from thence 
at the first opportunity to ply his voyage to Bantam. Give him 
the usual instructions as to keeping always on the defensive during 
the whole voyage ; steering to the westward of the Madeiras to avoid the 
Turks and other pirates, maintaining good order in his ship and using 
his utmost endeavours to get a speedy passage out and back again. He is 
to keep company witji as many of the Company's ships as he shall find at 
St. Helena, arrange with them how best to act in the event of meeting an 
enemy and how to rank themselves according to seniority in command, 
trust neither Turk nor any European nation, and remember the King's 
proclamation about wearing only the usual English flag on going to and 
returning from St. Helena. He is not to receive any letters from 
Europeans to be taken to their correspondents, but only those delivered 
to him by the Agent, and not to have any communication with the 
Sultan of Bantam or any of his ministers or great men without leave 
from the Agent and Council, nor visit them without some of the Council 
being with him. If, on arriving in Bantam Road, there shall be war 
between the Sultan and the Dutch, and the latter shall hinder him 
forcibly from going to Bantam or holding any commumcation with the 



272 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

Company's Agent and Council there, then Andrewes is to open the 
letter (which is enclosed) and foUow the orders and directions given in it 
by the Company, (i^.) 

The Company to Captain Jonathan Andrewes, May 7, 1679 
{Letter Book, vol. vi, p. 87). 

On arriving in Bantam Road should Andrewes find there is war 
between the King of Bantam and the Dutch, so that he cannot get to 
Bantam nor communicate with the Agent and Council there, nor receive 
any directions from them for unlading the treasure and goods aboard 
his ship, nor for her relading, he is to read the following orders and 
directions, viz., to lie off from the road of Bantam until the arrival of 
the Company's ships from Amoy and Tonquin, even if they do not come 
until February 10, receive aboard his ship all the goods brought from 
thence for Europe, except tutenague and copper, and with them sail for 
SiUebar, and there get what pepper he can to complete his tonnage upon 
the best possible terms, and if he cannot obtain more than half his 
lading, the Tonquin goods included, he is to sail for England rather than 
go farther in quest of uncertainties. Before quitting Bantam Road 
Andrewes is to tell his ship's company that for their encouragement if 
the full lading is procured they will be given two months' pay extra- 
ordinary, but if not, yet they shall have one month's pay over and above 
their wages. None of the men is to be allowed to go ashore at SiUebar, 
but Andrewes is to hire prows and junks to bring off the pepper, thus the 
health of the men wiU be preserved, as there is a good road for the ship 
to ride within an island. In case of disappointment at SiUebar Andrewes 
is to return through the straits of Simda to Jambi and apply to the 
Chief and factors there for pepper, and also at Andragoras where the 
King of Johore has invited the Company to trade, and if he can get 
sufficient pepper to lade his ship he is to return with it to England, but 
if not then he is to sail to the Coromandel Coast and apply for lading to 
the Agent and Council there, deUver to them what treasure he has 
remaining and foUow their orders. For buying the pepper at SiUebar 
and Andragoras, Andrewes, his chief mate WiUiam Pearce, and his 
purser Cary Ward axe empowered to use as much of the money aboard 
as shall be necessary for procuring the quantity wanted, and buy it on 
the best terms procurable, but at Jambi, where the Company have a 
stock of money, the Chief and factors may be able to supply them with- 
out expecting payment, but if they cannot do this and no pepper can be 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


273 

had without 'present money’, they must be paid, but not until the 
pepper is laden in the ship. The Company have written to Jambi and 
to the Fort to advise them that Andrewes may go there. On receiving 
the goods brought from China in the ships from Amoy and Tonquin 
Andrewes in return is to deliver to them the goods laden in his vessel 
designed for Bantam which are to be taken to Surat and delivered to 
the President and Cotmcil there, and their orders followed regarding 
them. Andrewes is to be careful to take a linguist with him from 
Bantam to SiUebar. (ij pp) 

A Court of Committees, May 9, 1679 [Court Book, vol. xxxi, 
p. 221). 

The following permissions are given : to Joseph Heme to export in the 
Caesar 450 pieces of eight for accoimt of George Chown on paying 
freight ; to Captain Jonathan Andrewes to bring back in the Caesar for 
his own use four tons of cassia lignum free of stated damages, provided 
the same quantity is brought for the Company; to the owners of the 
Caesar to lade in her for account of her stock 2,000 pieces of eight 
freight free, and Captain Andrewes to be allowed to do the same for 
himself and the ship’s company. Arms and ammunition provided for 
Bantam to be sent in the Caesar but not having been laden it being 
thought there was a breach between the King of Bantam and the Dutch, 
and now the Court being informed that a ship arrived in Holland from 
Batavia on December 22, and brought no advice of any such breach, 
order is given for the said arms and ammunition to be put aboard the 
Caesar and for that ship to be dispatched to Gravesend at the first 
opportunity. Mrs. Parker and others to be allowed to send saddles, 
pistols and other things to Bantam in accordance with permission 
formerly granted. 

A Court of Committees, May 14, 1679 [Ihid,, vol. xxxi, p. 222). 

A small portion of some damaged silk returned in the Caesar to be 
delivered to Mr. Denew to ascertain its value. Mr. Boverie to pay six 
per cent for goods returned in the Caesar, no freight having been paid 
on money sent out for their purchase. Payment to be made to Daniel 
Howman and Emanuel Hall, the accoimt of William Raileton to be 
examined, and the condition of Elizabeth White ascertained and re- 
ported. The petition of Robert Howard is read, and order given to the 

4372 T 



274 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

Shipping Committee to ascertain what extraordinary service he per- 
formed during his employment in the Return, and to report what they 
thinlr be done. The owners of the Unity and Botniay Merchant 

o f fer these ships for further service, but are told that the Company see 
no prospect of occasion for their employment. The Shipping Conamittee 
to aarf-rtfliTi how it was that the Expectation was in danger of being burnt 
during her last voyage, and to read the journals of the commander and 
rbip.f mate of the Unity to see whether the orders given to them by the 
Company’s Agents and Councils have been carried out in their last 
voyage out and home, and report, (ij pp.) 

The Company to Sultan Ahull Fettahee, King op Bantam 
AND MANY OTHER TERRITORIES, May 15, 1679 {Letter Book, vol. vi, 
P- 85). 

Acknowledge his letter sent by the Expectation, also one to His 
Majesty King Charles, to which they will not be able to procure an 
answer before the departure of this ship, His Majesty being so much 
engaged with weighty affairs of State. They note his great sense of the 
duty laid upon him to see that justice is meted out to 'the horrid 
murtherers of our late Agent White and other our factors and of your 
great endeavoiurs to finde them out^ also note his respect to the Com- 
pany and care for the protection of their servants in his country. Desire 
that this protection may continue, with the endeavours to discover the 
assassins of their Agent and factors 'whose blood cries to Heaven for 
vengeance, and without which you cannot expect to free your kingdo'me 
from the just judgements of God" ; or that people of other nations wiQ 
think themselves safe in Bantam until justice is impartially executed. 
The Company cannot forbear pressing this, more especially as the 
murder was so public and notorious that it cannot be concealed, and 
those who were actors m it are so commonly talked about as the Com- 
pany hear from those who have come from Bantam and also by letters 
from the Dutch at Amsterdam. They now send in the Caesar some guns 
and other things they hear from their Agent the Sultan requires, also 
a copy of the account of the Sultan's copper pettees and brass guns, 
what has been laid out in money, and what return made, by which it 
will appear that the Sultan owes the Company 706Z. 9s. which they hope 
he win pay speedily to their Agent as it has been owing a considerable 
time. 'Pray the Almighty God to prosper the affaires of your kingdome 
and increase your Majestie's greatness.' (| p,) 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


275 


The Company to the Governor and Council of St. Helena, 
May 16, 1679 [Ihid,, p. 90). 

Acknowledge receipt of letters from them dated December 24, 
January 18, and February 21. Are glad to hear the Johanna had a quick 
passage and that the Governor and others arrived safely. Note what 
supplies are written for, and, though willing to send all things necessary, 
yet do not wish to encourage slothfulness, and would have them raise 
all manner of provisions possible upon the island, as is done in other 
plantations, so that no food need be sent from England, for it can be 
provided much more cheaply on the island and thus the cost of ships to 
carry it be avoided. This the Company urge, for, if the planters expect 
supplies from home it tends to make them less industrious in raising the 
necessary stocks, therefore no more must be looked for from England, 
the island having been already furnished with all manner of stores, 
ammunition, and clothing. If there is want of clothes for the planters, 
soldiers, servants, and negroes, a bale or two of broad tapseiles may be 
supplied out of the Surat ships, and, as occasion occurs, what else is 
necessary shall be sent. But they again desire all the inhabitants to be 
industrious in sowing com and planting seeds and so lay up a store in 
case a crop should fail at any time, for ships cannot be sent directly 
from England often. They observe that many ships carrying negroes 
touch at the island and will give directions later about those coming 
from places within the limits of their charter. Hear that their ships 
from India land goods at the island that are carried away by the negro 
ships, this they desire to be looked into and a report sent as to what has 
been done. In future the Company's ships are to land only what the 
planters buy from the sailors for their necessary use, and the negro 
ships are not to be allowed to take away any such goods. They are well 
pleased the island has been put into 'so good a posture' and as at 
present the King is at peace with all his neighbours, and the inhabitants 
of the island are so numerous, they thmk it would not prejudice its 
safety if those old soldiers who wish are allowed to return home, if they 
do so by degrees and not too many in one year, so that, if necessary, 
notice may be given for their places to be supplied. They should be put 
into ships wanting their full complement of men and so the cost of their 
passage saved. Leave is to be given particularly to John Richards, John 
Hungerford, James Pomfret, and John Stephens, soldiers; also to 
Thomas Bolton, who went out in the Johanna, to return by the first 



276 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

ships. They have sent materials in the Caesar for the shoemaker's trade. 
Commend them to the guidance and protection of the Almighty, (i p.) 

A Court of Committees, May i6, 1679 {Court Book, vol. xxxi, p. 224). 

The accounts of the respective warehousekeepers to be examined and 
reported, and order is given for the arrest of Samuel Sambrooke, for 
which Moses is to give immediate direction. {\ p) 

A Court of Committees, May 27, 1679 {Ihid,, p. 224), 

Letters from Bantam received by the Lancaster dated December 5 
and 9, 1678, are read, and referred to the Committee for that place and 
the South Seas to consider what answer should be sent to them by the 
Caesar, particularly with regard to recalling the Company's factors and 
servants from Jambi to lighten the present charge. The accounts of 
Samuel Munden and Thomas Cooke to be examined. Thomas Lucas 
desiring that the business relating to the Zante Frigate, formerly settled 
by arbitration, may be reconsidered, the Court resolve to do nothing in 
the matter, general releases having been mutually given. The same 
quantity of wine for Surat, Fort St. George, and Bantam to be provided 
as was sent last year. The Committee for Private Trade to take the 
most effectual measures for securing all that shall be returned in the 
Company's ships this year, and engage a nimble vessel to ply to 
the westward to look out for the said ships, and charge the surveyors and 
waiters to use all possible diligence in their work. The owners of the 
Anne to be paid 1,030?. 13s, 3^. in full of her freight. A bill of exchange 
from Bantam payable to Richard Fisher is accepted. Several persons 
having taken up money on loan from the Company and received bills 
for it payable March 10, 1679 (? March 1678-9), and afterwards con- 
tinued imtil March 20 of that same year, on which no interest was due 
afterwards for money remaining in the Company's hands, order is now 
given for interest to be allowed on those bills from June i next, to 
September 20 following, but no longer, and orders are given to the 
Treasury Committee accordingly, pp.) 

A Court of Committees, May 30, 1679 {Ibid., p. 226). 

Edmond Bury is admitted to the freedom by redemption. Payment 
to be made to John RUton, Four brass guns cast by Wightman to be 
proved and weighed. Colonel Clerke to join the Accounts Committee 
for the Pepper warehouse and assist in adjusting those of Aston the 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


277 

Keeper, Captain Horseman, commander of the Eagle, offers her for 
further service and requests that a survey may be taken of her whilst 
she is in dock, but is told that no assurance of employment for that ship 
can be given, but she shall be considered in turn. The petition of 
Meadowes touching over-tonnage for goods he brought back in the 
Expectation is referred for examination, (i p) 

A Court of Committees, June 4, 1679 {lUd,, p. 227). 

The request of Captain Nathaniel Horsman, commander of the Ec^le, 
that over-tonnage on certain goods brought back by the seamen in that 
ship may be remitted is granted. The Governor states that the Com- 
missioners of His Majesty's Treasury desire the Company to loan to the 
King 25,000/. upon some tin to the value of 30,000/. which shall be 
delivered to them as security for repayment with interest. After a full 
and serious debate it is resolved unanimously that the Governor shall 
wait on the Commissioners and teU them that the Court ever have and 
will always be ready to serve the King's occasions when they can do so 
without apparent prejudice, but that *the Company are under a very 
great debt of above 600,000/. and that the times are soe uncertaine it 
makes people jealous, insomuch that our Creditors come very fast on us 
for money which necessitates the Company to take up new money of the 
adventurers and their relations, daily to satisfy such as call for old'. 
This Court can do nothing without consent of the General Court who 
were with great difficulty induced to consent to the last loan and were 
only prevailed upon by being told that the Lord Treasurer had, by His 
Majesty's command, assured them that they should not be desired to 
lend any more money until the Company were repaid what was owing, 
which in all probability cannot be this nor the next year. The Guinea 
Company to be paid for cowries bought at the last sale at the rate of six 
per cent, they having paid promptly and provided bags at their own 
charge. The accounts of. Humphrey Cliffe and John Roberts to be 
examined, also Cade's bill for stationery. AU warrants passed in court 
for money to be registered immediately by the Secretary. A bill of 
Exchange from Bantam, payable to Captain Talbot of the Berkeley 
Castle, is accepted, (i p) 

A Court of Committees, June 18, 1679 {Ihid,, p. 229). 

Thomas Radclif , shear-grinder, to be allowed to continue to stand at 
-the door of Leadenhall warehouse. The Treasury Committee to issue 



278 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

directions that no sum under 50Z. and no odd sums will be received into 
the Treasury upon loan, from any person whatsoever. The accounts of 
Robert Meadowes, William Kent, Edward Fisher, and the late John 
Miles to be examined. The owners of the Lancaster to be paid 3,20oZ. 
and the owners of the Bombay Merchant 1,000/., upon account of their 
respective freights, the warrants for these payments to remain in the 
hands of the Secretary till the Committee for Private Trade give direc- 
tion for their delivery. Payment to be made to Thomas Cooke, William 
Shepard, Humphrey Cliff, and Samuel Munden. Damaged pepper to be 
returned to the owners of the Berkeley Castle, and on Captain Talbot, 
her commander, offering her for further service he is told that no 
promise of employment can be given, but that she shall be considered in 
turn if occasion offers. The petition of Ursula Williams is referred for 
consideration and a representation concerning demands for demurrage 
from the owners of the Anne. A proposal is made that a small vessel 
should be built or bought by the Company to attend their outward- 
bound ships into the Downs, to look out for the ships yearly expected 
home, and for several other services, and the Shipping Committee are 
desired to estimate the cost both of building and keeping such a ship 
and report their opinion as to whether to do this or freight one, as has 
been done hitherto. The Treasury Committee to pay to the High Court 
of Chancery the half-yearly interest upon 375/. due to Lady Dutel, as 
also the interest which shall from time to time become due, pursuant 
to an order of the said Court {the order is given in full). The petition of 
Bridget Miles touching some calicoes returned in the Lancaster belong- 
ing to her brother, John Miles, who died in the Company's service, is 
referred for consideration. Mr. Buckeridge in his answer to the Com- 
pany's bill in Chancery having acknowledged that he owes the Company 
100/., but refuses to pay it, the Court resolve that in the event of any 
compromise being made in the matter they will not accept less than the 
said sum of 100/. with the interest and charge which has accrued. An 
order concerning seamen's wages, etc., issued by the Court on July 13, 
1677, is repeated, with additional instructions, it having been repre- 
sented this day to the Court that these instructions have not been 
observed, therefore it is now further ordered that any owners of ships in 
the Company's service refusing to allow their ofl&cers and men to be paid 
at the East India House in the Paymaster's ofi&ce at the end of every 
voyage, shall be dismissed the service and not again employed. That 
no one may pretend ignorance of these rules and instructions order is 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


279 

given for a copy of them to be put up in the Paymaster’s ofiSce and in 
the steerage of every ship. (3J pp,) 

A Court of Committees, June 20, 1679 {Court Book^ voL xxxi, 
p. 232). 

A draft of the Company’s answer to Robert Master’s bill in Chancery 
is read, several amendments approved and order given for it to be 
engrossed and for the Treasury Committee to affix to it the Company’s 
seal. A bill of exchange drawn by the Agent and Council at Bantam 
payable to Captain Richard Goodlad and John Bab is accepted. The 
stationer’s bill to be examined, and order is given that all stationery for 
the offices of the Company’s house and for the warehouses is to be 
provided by the Secretary and Accountant-General at the best prices 
procurable, brought to the Accountant’s office and issued thence as 
required. The Officers of His Majesty's Customs at Gravesend to be 
given 24/. for the pains and care they have shown in dispatching the 
Company’s ships. Moses to be given looZ. for disbursements in the 
prosecution of several suits of law for the Company. The correspondent 
of the Danish Agent at Bantam who married the widow of the late 
Willoughby, a factor there, to be given the wrought plate and other 
things returned in the Lancaster and mentioned in a list now read in 
Court, permission free, (i p) 

A Court of Committees, June 27, 1679 {Ibid., p. 233). 

George Papillon to deliver to the owners of the Lancaster 20 bags of 
pepper and some green ginger, all very much damaged. Pa37ment to be 
made to John Roberts, A petition from Samuel Sambrooke, now a 
prisoner in * Woodstreet counter’, is read, and his wife told that when 
he shall give up the books he kept in the warehouse and his own books 
in which it may be seen how the goods he embezzled have been disposed 
of, and make any reasonable proposition for satisfying his debt, his 
petition shall be considered. The accounts of the Unity to be examined, 
and the damage sustained by the Company by the commander failing 
to observe the orders he received for sailing from Siam to the Fort and 
back to Bantam, to be ascertained and reported. Captain Goodlad 
offers the Lancaster in the name of her owners for further service, and is 
told that there is no prospect of any employment for her this year, and 
advised to embrace any opportunity that occurs elsewhere. The Ac- 
coimtant-General presents a list of the Company’s debtors and order is 



28o 


COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

given for the following to be written off and placed to the account of 
desperate debts; viz., Thomas Skinner 898Z. 17s. 4^., Thomas King 
1,513^. 4s. 7^., Roger Scattergood 26/. 13s. Solomon de Medina 
jil los. 6^. Mr. Beyer is desired to speak to George Fulford, John 
Crow'ther, Thomas Doyly, Thomas Cotton, Luke Foster, Samuel Pownal, 
Thomas Phipps, and George Perryn and press them to pay what they 
owe, and write off the 700/. 13s. (>d, owing by Edward Harrington if he 
will give bond for the same. Beyer is also desired to give in an annual 
list to the Court of desperate debts owing to the Company. The Law- 
suits Committee to give directions for prosecution of Nicholas Leshire 
for his debt to the Company. The Committee for Bantam and the South 
Seas to ascertain what has been paid into cash by Sir Henry Dacres for 
account of the late Quarles Brown, and report, (if pp) 

A Meeting of the Committees, July 5, 1679 [Court Book, vol. xxxi, 
P* 235 )- 

Letters received from the President and Council at Surat by the 
President and Sampson are read. (J p.) 

A Court of Committees, July 7, 1679 [Ihid). 

Letters from the Deputy Governor of Bombay received by the 
President and Sampson are read. The Governor to write to Leghorn 
about the purchase of ten chests of the best Grezio coral, if it can be had 
ten per cent cheaper, or for less than the last, to be sent in two or three 
English-built ships ' of force' coming with the first convoy ; bills for its 
value to be drawn on the Governor. The Surat Committee and the 
Committee for the Calico warehouse to read and consider what is fit to 
be written in answer to advices received lately from Surat, and report 
as soon as possible. At the instance of Sir Josia Child, the Committee 
for Private Trade are desired to examine what agreement has been made 
with Messrs. Mortimer and Matthews, wharfingers, for "the lighterage, 
hoyage, and wharfage' of the Company's goods brought to Raph's, 
\Siggin's, and Young's quays, and report how they think Sir Josia may 
be accommodated in his proposal made to the Court. They are also to 
conrider the desires of Mrs. Shaxton concerning the goods she brought 
back. The commanders of the Sampson and President to send to the 
Company's house the diamonds, jewels, and other fine goods aboard 
their vessels, each to appoint some person to see these delivered to 
Mr. Edwin who is to give a receipt for them that they may be delivered 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 281 

to the owners. No more factors or writers to be entertained the ensuing 
year for the Company's service in the Indies. (2 'pp) 

The Company to Messrs. Balle and Gosfright [at Leghorn], 
July 7, 1679 Book, vol. vi, p. 92). 

Their ships the Sampson and President have arrived from Surat, but 
give no encouragement about coral. As it is likely to be cheap at Leg- 
horn, according to their advice, the Company order ten chests of Grezio 
of 300 lb. each to be bought, provided it can be had ten per cent cheaper 
than the last, it must also be larger and better, for the last was small 
and coarser than any yet sent. The great branches are not to be cut 
but packed at the top of each chest, and all dispatched by the very j6rst 
convoy, laden in two or three English-built vessels of the best force. 
They can draw on the Governor for payment but not when it may raise 
the exchange. Hope it may be bought cheaper than at ten per cent 
from what they said in their letter to the Governor. Desire to be told 
what buyers there are from other countries besides themselves. p.) 

A Court of Committees, July ii, 1679 [Court Book, vol. xxxi, 
P- 237 )- 

Colonel Clerke and Mr. Ward to read the advices from Surat and see 
what is said about Robert Goldsbrough, a writer who returned in the 
Sampson, and state whether they think his bonds and covenants may be 
delivered up as is desired; they are to examine also the account of 
Thomas Mayo, and report whether his covenants and bonds may be 
deKvered up. On information from Surat that several persons have this 
year taken passage in the Company’s shipping for England, the Shipping 
Committee are desired to ascertain who amongst them has the right to 
do so free of charge, and report. They are also to consider whether 
factors and writers entertained in the service and returning to England 
before their covenanted time should satisfy the Company for their 
passage out and home and for their maintenance. Ursula Williams to be 
paid Tol. in accordance with a report now approved; also what is due 
to the account of Edward Fisher to be paid, and the account of Major 
Williams to be reported. Musk and ambergris sent by Messrs. Burnaby 
and White to be delivered to Messrs. DeMers and Sherbrooke on pay- 
ment of freight, no bullion having been sent out for its purchase. The 
request of George Willoughby concerning freight for 150 oz. of gold 
intended to be shipped in the George to be considered. On petition. 



283 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

Mr. Loyd, the Company’s chaplain lately returned from Surat, is 
granted his passage in the Sampson free, and told that consideration 
chan be had as to the goods he brought with him, and order is given for 
his account of salary to be reported. A report touching the agreement 
made with the wharfingers of Raph’s, Wiggin’s, and Yoimg’s quays is 
read, and order given for the opinion of Messrs. Kerk and Ward to be 
talfCT as to whether the Company is obliged by the said agreement for 
the term of years mentioned. Robert Marshal asks for an allowance of 
350 dollars he paid for the funeral charges of the late Agent Arnold 
White, and is told that the Company were not advised of it in their 
general letter from Bantam, and as it relates to his particular account 
they cannot interfere with it ; they advise Marshal to apply to White’s 
executors, (i^.) 

A Court of Committees, July it, 1679 [afternoon] (Couri Book, 
vol. xxxi, p. 239). 

A report from the Surat Committee is read and order given for them 
to draw up a letter to the President and Cormcil to be sent overland by 
way of Marseilles by the next post, pursuant to the said report and the 
sense of the present debate. The Treasury Committee to see that aU 
diamonds, fine goods, etc., brought from the Indies, are delivered to 
the owners who made entry of bullion outwards for procuring them, the 
accustomed freight to be paid. Captain Chamblet, commander of the 
Sampson, reports having received several letters and parcels of diamonds 
and fine goods in India, brought from Goa and consigned to several 
merchant strangers and others in Europe, for which he, by mistake, 
signed bills of lading at the rate of 2 per cent for freight, as well for 
foreigners and others not free of the Company as for freemen. Hereupon 
order is given for the said letters to be delivered to the merchant 
strangers who are to imdertake in writing to pay the Company the full 
freight for the goods according to the rules, they are also to indemnify 
Captain Chamblet, and deliver up the bills of lading with a discharge 
upon receipt of the goods, (i p.) 

A Court of Committees, July 14, 1679 {Hid., p. 240). 

Thomas Cole, minister, to be admitted to the freedom gratis. The 
draft of a letter to the President and Council of Surat is read and 
approved. The room used by Mr. South to be inspected to see whether 
it will be convenient for the Auditor’s Office to be continued there. (J p.) 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 283 

The Company to Consul Nightingale [at Aleppo], July 14, 1679 
{Letter Book, vol. vi, p. 94). 

Infonning him of the arrival on the 5th inst. of their ships Sampson 
and President from Surat, and desiring him to forward the enclosed 
packet to the President and Council there by an express to Basrah to 
be sent from thence by the first ship going to India, and if none offers 
to recommend the Fathers there, to hasten it to Gombroon. (J p.) 

The Company to Robert Lang [at Marseilles], July 14, 1679 
{Ibid.). 

Inform him of the safe arrival on the 5th inst. of the Sampson and 
President and desire him to forward the enclosed packet to Consul 
Nightingale, at Aleppo, by the first ship leaving his port, as it is to let 
the President and Council at Surat know of the said arrival. (J p.) 

Robert Blackborne to Sir Robert Southwell, July 17, 1679 
{Public Record Office: C.O. 77, vol. xiv, f. ii). 

By direction of Sir Nathaniel Heme he sends the enclosed account of 
what has been written to the Company in their last advices from India 
touching Alvaro Perez de Tavora; nothing more has been received on 
the subject. 

A Court of Committees, July 18, 1679 {Court Book, vol. xxxi, 
p. 240). 

Thomas Cole, minis ter, is admitted to the freedom gratis. The 
account of Lambert Daniel to be stated, and that of Henry Hill, lately 
returned from Surat, to be examined, and the request of his fatha:, for 
return of the lool. he paid into the Compan3r’s cash last August to be 
sent to his son in India, to be considered. Dungarees returned in the 
Sampson and Prmdmt to be inspected, and a clause drawn up for 
insertion in the overland advices as to what should be written concern- 
ing them. {\p.) 

A CouBT OF CoMMirrEEs, July 23, 1679 { lUd ., p. 241). 

A complaint made by Mr. Goldsbrough is referred to the Shipping 
Committee who are to ascertain from Mr. Pearse or any othas returned 
from Surat what usage Goldsbrough received on his arrival at Surat, 
what losing and other accommodation the Company’s writers have in 
that factory, how they are cared for when ack, and report. A small 



284 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

parcel of pearls returned in the Sampson to be delivered to Sir Robert 
Howard. The account of Isaac Reynardson, and of Gerald Aungier, late 
President at Surat, to be reported. Musk to be delivered to John Wale, 
consigned to him from Joseph Wale, on payment of freight. The petition 
of xAnne Steward is read, and the Shipping Committee are desired to 
ascertain whether by the constitutions of Poplar Almshouse any pen- 
sions are to be allowed to distressed widows of mariners or others who 
have served the Company. The petition of Captain Matthew Crover is 
referred for examination. The Treasury Committee are empowered to 
take up on loan money payable on September 20 next at five per cent, 
as the Company’s occasions require, giving preference to known buyers 
at the sale. The owners of the Sampson to be paid 4,000/., the owners of 
the President 4,000/., and the owners of the Lancaster 1,000/., all on 
account of freight due. Ralph Williamson to be allowed 20/. for his 
pains, care, and disbursements in the Company’s service. So much of 
the Cannania wool as is fit is to be repacked in readiness for the next 
sale, {ilpp.) 

The Company to Robert Lang [at Marseilles], July 25, 1679 
{Ldter Book, vol. vi, p. 96). 

Having further occasion to write to Surat they desire him to dispatch 
the enclosed to Consul Nightingale at Aleppo by the first opportunity. 

HP-} 

The Company to Consul Nightingale [at Aleppo], Jiily 25, 1679 
{Ibid.). 

Desire him to dispatch the enclosed to the President and Conndl at 
Snrat as intimated in their letter to Robert Lang. {\ f.) 

A Court of Committees, August 6, 1679 {Court Book, vol. xxxi, 
P- 243). 

The account of Philip Owen to be reported, and sums due to the 
accounts of Isaac Re5mardson, Lambert Daniel, and John Milles to be 
paid. Mrs. Bix on leaving the Poplar Almshouse to be given 7/. instead 
of 5/. as formerly ordered. On request of the owners of the Unity, the 
matters in dispute between them and the Company are referred to 
arbitration, to be determined by September 6 next. James Smith is 
admitted to the freedom by redemption and Thomas RawUnson by 
patrimony. Captain Matthew Crover to be paid for some bafts found 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


285 

to be missing in the Mary on her return from Surat in 1675, in accord- 
ance with a report now read. The petition of Richard Lloyd is referred 
for consideration, the account mentioned in it to be reported. Order is 
given for a General Court of Sales to be held on September 9 next. A 
report concerning the account of Henry Hill is read, in this it is stated 
that there is due from him to the Company 34/. ns. Tid, which being 
deducted from the 100/. his father paid in last August to be paid to his 
son in Surat, leaves 65Z. 8s. xd. which may be repaid to Henry Hills, 
Senior, for nothing is said in the last letters from Surat to show that any 
order has been given about the said looZ., and it is very improbable that 
any of it should have been paid since Hills, Junior, left Surat. The 
Court resolve not to pay anything to Henry Hills, Senior, until the 
next year's books are received from Surat, but decide that interest of 
five per cent per annum shall be allowed for what is due on the account. 
{2ipp.) 

A Court of Committees, August ii, 1679 {Ibid., p. 245). 

Letters from the Agent and Council of Fort St. George are read in 
part, and the Court adjourned until the afternoon. (J p.) 

A Court of Committees, August ii, 1679 [afternoon] (Ibid.). 

The Court finish reading the letters from the Fort, and read a letter 
from the Chief and Council in the Bay; these are referred to the Com- 
mittees for those places, to consider the contents and what answers 
diould be returned, also what goods should be provided to send by the 
next ships. The Committees to meet frequently and report their pro- 
ceedings to the Court, aH the members are to have a voice in these 
matters. Up.) 

A Court of Committees, August 13, 1679 {Ibid., p. 246). 

The Court, on information that there are many parcels of diamonds 
and fine goods laden in the WiUiamson and Unity and not registered, 
direct that letters be written to the two commanders requiring them to 
examine all their ofi&cers as to what diamonds they have, and see that 
all are sent up by the Husband to the Company’s house, under care of 
the purser or some trusty person, to be delivered to the Cashier-General 
so that they may be sent to the owners. Also that all letters be immedi- 
ately sent from on board, and some persons to enter thdr ships at the 
Customhouse. The Calico Warehouse Committee to provide room for 



286 


COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

the newly arrived goods from Surat, and a convenient place for exposing 
the Company’s goods to view, for the sale. The Auditor to notify the 
several debtors in Sambrooke’s account to pay at once to the Cashier- 
General all sums they owe for goods delivered to them by Sambrooke ; 
he is also to give an account to the Court on Friday every week what is 
paid and what is not. Directions to be given for all repairs necessary to 
be made to the Company’s house and garden. The petition of Captain 
Nathaniel Owen desiring that the over-tonnage on cassia fistulia, cubebs, 
and gallingal brought back by the seamen may be remitted, is referred 
to the Committee for Private Trade to see that this is done, as also on 
aU the ships from Bantam. The request of John Sherlock is referred for 
examination. Richard Loyd, late chaplain at Surat, to be allowed 40?. 
in full of salary, gratuity, and aU other demands. Consideration to be 
taken of what goods are to be provided for Surat to go in the next ships. 
John Rawlinson is admitted to the freedom by patrimony and John 
Honnor by redemption, (i^.) 

A Court of Committees, August 15, 1679 {Court Book, vol. xxxi, 
p. 247). 

A report touching the account of Gerald Aungier, late President at 
Surat, is read, and the Earl of Longford, who is the executor, being told 
that the Company make much greater demands on his brother, the late 
President, than his salary amounted to, and desiring a copy of these 
and of the papers from India in answer to them, the Auditor is directed 
to make the desired copies for his Lordship. Damaged Carmania wool 
returned in the President to be delivered to her owners. A report from 
the Committee for the Surat and Coast and Bay factories is read ; in this 
a detailed list is given of goods, merchandise, and provisions thought 
necessary to be provided and sent to the respective factories by the 
next shippiug. Concerning plate and other things for the Company’s 
table, and those for the use and ornament of the new church, all of 
great charge and without precedent, the Committee refer to the Court 
for such directions as they shall think fit. Order is given to the Com- 
mittee for Buying Goods to provide the goods and merchandise men- 
tioned in the report at the best terms procurable. The owners of the 
President asking that a survey may be taken of her, are told that no 
assurance can be given that she will be employed, but a survey may be 
taken on the understanding that the Court is not obliged to entertain 
her, except in turn and when there shall be occasion. Money due to the 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


287 

account of Thomas Sherlock to be paid, and the account of Joshua 
Darley to be reported. All pepper received in time, to be offered for sale 
next September, The adventure of 2,oooZ. formerly belonging to Sir 
Henry Dacres on which i,oooZ. was paid and transferred by Sir Henry 
to Robert Blackbome, the Company's Secretary, for their use, is to be 
transferred to Sir Josia Child, according to an agreement made by the 
Court with him, on the Secretary having notice from the Cashier- 
General that Sir Josia has paid in 2,550/. for the said adventure. The 
demands of the Company against John English and John Dacres to be 
examined and reported, also what is due to Captain Nathaniel Owen 
for his quarter-part of the freight of fine goods returned in the Expecta- 
tion. The opinion of Messrs, Ward and Kerk touching the articles of 
agreement made between the Company and Messrs, Mortimer and 
Matthews in 1669, about landing and shipping off goods at their quays, 
is read, with a humble address from the said wharfingers. The question 
as to whether the Court can make any alteration m this business is put 
to the ballot, and passed in the negative, (sj pp) 

The Company to Messrs. Balle and Gosfright [at Leghorn], 
August 15, 1679 {Letter Book, voL vi, p. 96). 

Inform them of the arrival of the Unicorn from Surat and the 
WiUiamson from the Coast and Bay. Order them to buy ten more 
chests of the best Grezio coral and five chests of the best Eicadutti on 
the same terms as before mentioned, if there is a prospect of a 
convoy to send them in November next, and lade the coral in two or 
three English-built ships sailing with the convoy. For payment they 
are to draw on the Governor or on the Deputy Governor. (J p,) 

A Court of Committees, August 20, 1679 {Court Book, voL xxxi, 

p- 251)- 

Captain Slade, commander of the Unicorn, stating that he received in 
India some parcels of diamonds and fine goods brought from Goa and 
consigned to several merchants strangers and others in Europe, for 
which, by mistake, he signed bills of lading at two per cent for freight, 
as weU for foreigners and freemen as for others not free of the Company, 
order is given to the Treasury Committee to deliver the diamonds, etc. 
to the said merchant strangers on payment of four per cent, not less, 
according to the rules of the Company, the merchants to give up the 
bills of lading with a discharge upon receipt of the goods. The account 



288 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

of Captain Henry Young, late Second in Persia, to be examined and 
referred to Mr. Garway. The several warehouse Committees to consider 
what sorts and quantities of goods are fit to be offered at the next sale, 
prepare a list of them for printing, and report the method to be followed 
in their sale. The commanders of the Society and Falcon to send up at 
once to the Company’s house by the Husband such diamonds and fine 
goods as are on board their vessels and appoint some person to deliver 
them to the Cashier-General, so that they may be sent to the rightful 
owners. Order is given for a dividend of twenty per cent to be made to 
the adventurers, payable October i next, warrants for these to be ready 
by September 25 next. The Cashier-General and Accountant to draw 
up a true state of the Company’s debts and credits and present the 
statement to the Court next Friday. On information that many people 
who intend to buy goods at the sale desire to lodge their money in the 
Treasury without expectation of interest, the Court order the Treasury 
Committee to seal bills for all such money without allowing any interest 
for it. 

Sir Robert Southwell* to Sir Philip Percival,* August 21, 1679 
{Historical MSS, Commission, vol. iii, Earl of Egmonfs MSS.), 

I would advise you to remit here into England all your money as in 
parcels it shall arise unto you, especially such times and seasons as the 
exchange is very low, and I will use my endeavours to get it taken in 
with the East India Company, where my father’s money lay for three 
or four years, and though but at five per cent, yet it was esteemed better 
than to venture it in Ireland at ten, and for fear of venturing to run the 
hazard of keeping it at home or elsewhere, as my father had i,8oo/. 
lying for a long time in an iron chest at Dublin (with a merchant, since 
broke) and then useless. But the advantage here with the Company is 
that though they give bond for payment at six or three months call, yet 
one may have it at any time when one will in a week. (Extract.) 

A Court of Committees, August 22, 1679 {Court Book, vol. xxxi, 
p. 252). 

The Court approve of the list of goods to be offered at the sale pre- 
sented by the several Warehouse Committees, and resolve that the 
goods returned in the Sampson and President and the rest of the goods 

* Clerk of the Council in Ireland. 


2 Late Clerk of the Council in Ireland. 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


2S9 

from Surat still unsold shall be offered first, then the pepper and drugs ; 
and goods returned in the Williafnson, Society, and Falcon with the rest 
of the goods from the Coast and Bay shall be reserved for the latter part 
of the sale. The Warehouse Committees to meet and price all goods in 
the printed list, all members of the Court to be notified of the time of 
theirmeetingthat they may assist. Manoel Brandon de Lima, sent home 
as a prisoner from the Fort in the Society, to be taken by a constable 
before the Recorder of London, with the statement of the case repre- 
sented by the Agent and Council at the Fort, to be proceeded with as 
the Recorder shall direct. The owners of the Expectation to be paid 
1,5131. 16s. id. The account of James Penrudock to be examined. The 
owners of the Bombay Merchant to be allowed a further sum of 50I. on 
account of some difference in freight in dispute between them and the 
Company, [ip.) 

A Court of Committees, August 27, 1679 [Ibid., p. 253). 

A paper from the Earl of Longford about the account of his late 
brother. President Aungier, and the objections of the Auditor to it is 
read ; in this His Lordship submits the determination of the affair to the 
Court, or to referees to be nominated ; hereupon order is given for the 
Surat Committee with Sir Josia Child, or any three of them, to consider 
and report their opinion. A report is made by Alderman Bathurst 
stating that the goods have been priced for the next sale and some abate- 
ment made in the price of the longdoth, the Court approve, except of 
the said abatement which they refer for further consideration, and give 
direction for the list of prices to be printed, and for the goods returned 
in the Falcon and Society to be priced, like those returned in the WiUiam- 
son, also the goods from the Bay returned in the said ships. Damaged 
pepper and sal-ammoniac to be delivered to the owners of the Unicorn,hx 
which vessel they were brought back. Order is given for a General Court 
to be held for election of a Governor on Wednesday September 3 and 
for another to be held in the afternoon of the same day to declare the 
choice. Thepetitionof William Phelps is referred for examination. The 
account of William CaHais to be examined. By order of the Court of 
March 2, 1677, all owners of vessels were allowed to export free of freight 
on their own account such proportion of the sum allowed to their ships 
as their part as owners amoimted to, but by mistake some owners have 
paid freight for money shipped out which should have been free ; hearing 
this the Court direct repayment to be made to the said owners, (ij pp.) 

4372 u 



290 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

A Court of Committees, August 29, 1679 [Court Book, vol. xxxi, 

p. 255). 

The following orders are issued: four bags of seed pearl returned in 
the Society, value 120 pagodas and consigned to Patrick Warner, to be 
delivered to him free of freight ; the Treasury Committee to afiix the 
Company's seal to a certificate rating their coffee at 8Z. per cwt. ; the 
owners of the Bombay Merchant to be paid 2,xnL 13s. 6 d, in full of 
freight and demurrage. At the next sale Jambi pepper to be rated at 
per lb., Biliapatam pepper at per lb., and white pepper at 
'jL los. per cwt. The several Warehouse Committees to meet and give 
such directions concerning the next sale as they find necessary. A 
report is read from the Surat Committee concerning the account of the 
late President Aungier, and upon the desire of the Earl of Longford that 
the affair might be hastened, and he signifying his willingness to 
acquiesce in any determination of the Court respecting the same, order 
is given for the sum of 2,200/. to be paid the Earl in full of his brother's 
account of salary, gratuity and all other demands, and for the covenants 
and bonds entered into by the said President and his securities to be 
delivered up to be cancelled. Ann, wife of Richard Smith, dyer in the 
Bay, to be paid 7/. los. (i p.) 

Petition of the Company to the King, September i, 1679 
[Public Record Office: C.O. 77, vol. xiv, f. 15). 

They have formerly informed His Majesty of a murder committed in 
Madras by one Manoel Brandon de Lima, a Portuguese inhabitant there, 
of his black (but Christian) servant, Peri RangaU, when His Majesty 
signified his pleasure that the offender should be proceeded against in 
India according to the laws of England. Therefore, Brandon was tried 
and upon full and clear evidence found guilty by a jury, half English 
and half Portuguese, in accordance with the usual procedure in such 
cases, and sentence of death was passed upon him. But the said offender 
appealing to Your Majesty, the Agent and Council sent him to England, 
where he is now in custody. The petitioners pray for information as to 
how to proceed with the said Brandon, (i p) 

A General Court, September 3, 1679 [Court Book, vol. xxxi, p. 256). 

The Generality are told of the occasion of their meeting, according to 
their printed papers, and that a scrutiny having been taken of their 
votes, Sir William Thomson has been chosen Governor in the place of 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


291 

Sir Nathaniel Heme, deceased. The Deputy Governor states that a 
dividend of twenty per cent has been * appointed ' by the Court of Com- 
mittees to be made to the adventurers on October i next ; any bu3dng 
goods to be allowed it in pa3mient ; w’arrants for the said dividend will 
be ready by the 9th instant. A proposal is made for gratifying those 
Comnoittees who have served this Stock during the year ending April 
19, 1679 ; it is resolved that 1,000/. shall be distributed amongst them 
according to their attendance, this to be proportioned by the Court. 
It is also resolved that 200/. shall be allowed to the late Governor, and 
100/. to the Deputy for the same time. The Deputy Governor and Com- 
mittees accepting this resolution as ‘the Generalities kind resentment 
and respects’, return them their thanks. (J p.) 

A Court of Committees, September 5, 1679 {Ihid,, p. 257). 

Directions to be given for continuing the smack for another month in 
the Company’s service unless the Nathaniel and other ships arrive 
sooner. The owners of the Williamson to be paid 6,000/-, the owners of 
the Society 6,000/., the owners of the Falcon 4,000/., and the owners of 
the Unicorn 3,000/. in part of freight due. Captains Basse and Thomson, 
commanders of the Williamson and the Society, offer these ships for 
further service and are told that no assurance of present employment 
can be given, yet they may be surveyed to ascertain what repairs are 
necessary in case they go for another voyage, but this will not ensure 
their employment, except in their turn, and if there shall be occasion for 
their use. Money due to the account of the late Joshua Darley to be 
paid. Musk returned in the Williamson from St. Helena to be delivered 
to Captain Nathaniel Owen, free of freight, on proof that it is for his own 
account, and is the proceed of bullion and goods he took out, and within 
the limited proportion allowed to commanders of two-decked vessels. 
The commanders of the Falcon and Unicorn, on offering their ships for 
further service, are told that no answer can be given to them until it is 
ascertained what ships shall be employed in the ensuing year. Order is 
given for it to be publicly declared that at the Court of Sales to be held 
on the 9th instant the Surat goods wiU be offered first, then pepper and 
drugs, and on the 23rd instant calicoes, silks, and taffetas from the 
Coast and Bay will be put up for sale. The account of Captain James 
White, late commander of the Bombay Merchant, and his part of freight 
due on fine goods brought from Bantam to be reported. On hearing that 
the Committee for Buying Goods for some special reasons bought 800 



292 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

Ungar plates more than were ordered, the Court approve. The number 
of canvas bags now in the custody of the keeper of the Pepper Warehouse 
to be ascertained, and care taken that when more cloth is wanted for 
this purpose it be bought from Mr. Firmin. The attendance of the 
Committees at the Court of Sales to be allowed for the same as atten- 
dance at the Court of Committees. Thomas Butler, an assistant in the 
Accountant’s Office, having secretly delivered to a merchant stranger 
an account of diamonds and other fine goods returned from Surat the 
last year on his own confession, he is dismissed the service, and order is 
given for a warrant to be made out for his salary due at Michaelmas; 
and the Court, noting the care and diligence of Robert Woodward, are 
pleased to elect him in the place of Butler as writer of the Ledger at an 
annual salary of i,ooZ., to begin from September 29 next. The petition 
of James Penruddock is read and referred for mformation to be obtained 
as to what passengers returned this year in the Company’s ships, and to 
which ought to be given the benefit of free transportation. (2 pp) 

A General Court of Sales, September 9-11, 1679 [Court Book, 
vol. xxxi, p. 259). 

Sale of chintz broad and narrow. Chintz Kaddy, chintz Serung, tap- 
seiles broad and narrow, niccanees, Guinea stuffs, brawles, pautkaes 
blue and white, dungarees, derebauds small and large, birampauts, 
bafts broad and narrow, blue and white, sovaguzees brown and white, 
catchees, quilts large and small, pavendum gobars,^ hockins, theming- 
wings, fans, raw silk, Tonquin sUk, cotton yam, Jambi pepper, Bilia- 
patam pepper, white and mixed pepper, dust of pepper, Carmania wool, 
coffee, cassia lignum, aloes Socotrina, aloes hepatica, olibanum, sal- 
ammoniac, lapis tutia, anise, tincal, tea, Lahore indigo, shirts and 
skins of indigo, cardamoms, spikenard, galingals, benzoin, green ginger, 
shell-lac, stick-lac, seed-lac, turmeric, cowries, red earth, Sappan-wood, 
saltpetre, refined saltpetre, glass beads. With prices and names of 
purchasers. 

A Court of Committees, September 12, 1679 [Ibid., p. 279). 

John Cudworth is admitted to the freedom by patrimony. Two chests 
of coral offered for sale by Thomas Dethick to be inspected, and, if 
the price is reasonable, bought. Captain Stannard, commander of the 
Nathaniel, advises by letter his arrival in Plymouth Sound and that the 

^ GSbar, coarse sheeting. 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


293 

Johanna came in with him. The owners of the Unity to be paid 3,332/. 
8s. id. in full of freight and demurrage. Beyer states that Stephen WTiite 
has assigned a considerable part of his adventure to Mr. Tomlinson and 
Dr. Elliot, neither of whom has signed acceptance of the same ; Beyer 
therefore wishes to know how he shall make out the warrant for the 
dividend ; he is told to make it out only for the part of Wliite's adventure 
that is unassigned. Francis Thompson to deliver to the Master of the 
King^s Ordnance 27 tons 2 cwt. of coarse and fine saltpetre, in equal 
parts, from what was last returned from the Bay, and thus complete the 
quantity contracted for. Lord Berkeley, Lord Chandos, Sir Josia Child, 
or any of them to accompany the Governor or his Deputy in presenting 
a petition from the Company to the ICing touching Manoel Brandon de 
Lima, a Portuguese of Madras, which is now read and approved. The 
Court resolve to consider next Wednesday what ships shall be appointed 
to be sent this season for Surat, the Coast and Bay, Bantam and the 
South Sea Factories. A draft of a small vessel to be built for the Com- 
pany's service to attend vessels outward and homeward-bound into the 
Downs and back to the Channel, is presented by the Shipping Com- 
mittee; on consideration, the Court seem inclined to buy one ready 
built, and refer the debate to some other time. Three silver seals with 
ivory handles returned from the Chief and Council in the Bay, they 
having no use for them, to be stored in the Treasury. The petitions of 
William Dudley, Isabel Cooper, and Phillis Copeland are referred to the 
Committee for Private Trade, to examine and do with them as they find 
just according to the rules of the Company. The desires of Ralph 
Marshal and the account of his brother to be reported. The Shipping 
Committee to examine the petition of Francis Umber, read the advices 
received from St. Helena by the Nathaniel, and report what they think 
should be done. 

A Court of Committees, September 13, 1679 {Ibid., p. 281). 

Letters received from the Agent and Council at Bantam by the 
Johanna are read. The Deputy Governor to give twenty-seven guineas 
to be divided between those who have been serviceable to the Com- 
pany as regards convoys. ( J p.) 

A Court of Committees, September 17, 1679 JUd^)- 

After serious debate the Court decide to entertain the following ships 
for the en suing year, viz., for the Coast and Bay, the President, Eagle,, 



294 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

Sampson, and Berkeley Castle ; for Surat, the Johanna and Williamson ; 
for Bantam, the Society and Nathaniel ; they give order for surveys to 
be taken of these vessels by Captain Prowd. The owners of the Lan- 
caster and Falcon requesting earnestly that the said two ships may be 
employed this year, the Court consent to the Lancaster going to Surat 
and the Falcon to Bantam on condition that, if there are not enough of 
the Company's goods at either place to lade them fully, the dead freight 
shall be upon the owners’ account and not on the Company’s, this to be 
observed in future as a standing rule when any vessel shall be enter- 
tained upon the owner’s instance after the Company’s tonnage for the 
year has been completed ; this is in accordance with the practice of the 
Levant Company. Several bills of exchange having been drawn upon 
the Governor by Robert Balle, Francis Gosfright, and Company, mer- 
chants at Leghorn, the Cashier-General is to be directed to pay these at 
once, the Company to be allowed discount for the money due. The 
accounts of Charles Bendish, Isaac Rutten, and John Billingsley to 
be examined, also the account of Captain William Cruft concerning the 
quarter-part of the freight of fine goods returned in the Unity, and the 
petition of William Kelly. pp) 

A Court of Committees, September 19, 1679 {Court Book, vol. 
xxxi, p. 283). 

The owners of the Lancaster inform the Court that they accept the 
Company’s terms concerning dead freight. It is resolved that the same 
conditions and terms for freight shall be allowed to the ships enter- 
tained for Surat, the Coast and Bay, and Bantam as last year, only the 
Lancaster and Falcon to be excepted. The Eagle, Sampson, President, 
and Berkeley Castle to leave Gravesend on November 25 next, the 
Johanna, Williamson, and Lancaster, bound for Surat, to sail from 
Gravesend {blank). The Committees for Bantam and the South Sea 
factories to open and read the papers returned in the Johanna relating 
to the Company’s concerns at Tonquin, Amoy,Tywan,and Siam factories, 
consider what goods are necessary to supply these places, and report. 
Goods returned in the Johanna are not to be put up for sale untU March 
next, Culgees* to be offered at the candle at the price printed in the 
papers. The petitions of Ruth Palmer and Richard Venecom are 
referred to the Committee for Private Trade to do as they think fit 
about them, A report touching the account of William CalHs is referred 

^ Colotired flannel. 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 295 

for further consideration. The Committee for Private Trade to con- 
sider the good service of Captain Dickinson, commander of H.M.S. 
Woolwich, in convoying the Company’s ships out of the Soundings into 
the Channel this last year, and report what they think is fit to be given 
to him. (i p.) 

A Court of Committees, September 23, 1679 p. 284). 

A report is read of what goods are necessary to be supplied for the 
factories in China and approved (a detailed list is given of piece-goods). 
The King of Tywan to be sent 200 firelock muskets, 200 barrels of 
powder, and 50 pounds of large amber, some cloth, and some perpetu- 
anoes. The Treasury Committee to consider the paper formerly drawn 
up representing the advantage if the half-impost on pepper should be 
repaid on its exportation without limitation of time. The Bantam 
Committee to take into consideration the present sent to His Majesty by 
the young King of Bantam, and suggest what should be done in the 
matter. [\p) 

A General Court of Sales, September 23-5, 1679 P- 285). 

Sale of blue and brown long-doth, salampores, parcallaes, morees, 
bettellees, Oringal betteelees, neckcloths, ginghams, sail-cloth, dun- 
garees, nillaes, sannoes, humhums, romals, allejaes, saderuncheras, 
Calloway poos, sacerguntees, mulmuls, taffetas, raw taffetas, diapers, 
izarees, seerebands, cassaes, adathaies, tanjeebs, dodammes, rehms, 
gongaselos, silk, raw and white silk, Floretta yam (Floss silk), cotton 
yam, and China tea-pots. With prices and names of purchasers. 
{2S\pp.) 

Order in Council, September 24, 1679 (Privy Council Roister, 
vol. Ixviii, p. 211). 

A letter is read from the East India Company concerning Manuel 
Brandon de Lyma, who murdered his servant Peter Rangall at Fort 
St. George, for which he was condemned to death, but on appealing to 
His Majesty he was sent to England. The Company pray for directions 
for disposal of the offender. Hereupon a petition from the said Brandon 
is read in which he prays to be set at liberty for reasons given, and the 
matter is referred until after the return of His Majesty from Newmarket, 
when the Company axe to attend the Council and cause the petitioner 



296 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

to be brought with them, and in the meantime to allow his friends to 
see him. 

A Court of Committees, September 26, 1679 {Court Book, vol. xxxi, 

p. 310)- 

Mr. Turvin paid 800Z. into the Company's cash upon account of the 
sale, but was prevented from buying, so assigned his bill to Thomas 
Collins ; order is given for a warrant for repayment of the said sum to be 
made out to him. The Shipping Committee to ascertain and report when 
the Falcon can be ready to start from Gravesend on her intended voyage 
to Bantam. The Court resolve that a further dividend of twenty per 
cent shall be made to the adventurers in the General Joint Stock, over 
and above what was issued on August 20 last ; ten per cent to be payable 
on October 10 next, to be allowed to those who bought goods at the last 
sale, the remaining ten per cent to be payable on March 31 next; a 
General Court to be summoned to meet on Wednesday October i, in the 
afternoon, to inform the Generality of this. Cotton yam bought by 
Mr. Woolley and much damaged by rain since coming into the ware- 
house, to be inspected and suitable allowance made to him. The Com- 
mittees for Surat and the Coast and Bay factories to read the advices 
given for the provision of goods for ships designed for those parts, com- 
pute the tonnage, and prepare letters to be sent to the respective factories 
in accordance with the sense of the present debate. They are also to 
read the letters and consultations received from the Agent and Council 
at the Fort and from the Bay, and these being very large, they are to 
meet on Wednesday and Friday afternoon in each week, or oftener if 
necessary, consider what answer should be written, and report as soon 
as possible to the Court. Money due to the account of the late John 
Billingsly to be paid. Certain committees to consider how the debt 
owing by Joseph Arnold may be recovered from his security and report. 
Petitions and accounts of the following persons to be examined and 
reported, viz., Francis Davenport and Shadrac Cradock, late mariners 
in the Formosa Frigate, Simon Elliot, John Atkins, John Richards, John 
Hungerford, and Ann Brown. Lord Berkeley, Lord Chandos, Sir 
Samuel Bamardiston, Sir Josia Child, with other Committees, or any 
five of them, are deared to consider how a stock of money may be raised 
for propagation of the Gospel in India, and relief of the poor, all 
members to have a voice in the matter. The Shipping Committee to 
consider and report what stores and provisions shoifid be provided and 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 297 

sent to Bantam. Captain Prowd and Mr. Ely to survey the Williamson^ 
Johanna, Eagle, Sampson, President, Berkeley Castle, Nathaniel, Society, 
Lancaster, and Falcon to ascertain what is necessary to be done to pre- 
pare them for their respective voyages, and report. The Treasury Com- 
mittee to read a report drawn up on April 17 last touching reduction of 
interest on money owing by the Company upon old bills, from five to 
four per cent, and report what they think should be done. {2 pp,) 

Domestic Intelligence, September 26, 1679 [PMic Record Office: 
S.P. Dom., Car, II, Case G). 

. . . The East India Company having several ships come home, began 
their sale as usual last week, but, because the Jews were engaged in 
their feast of Tabernacles, it was adjourned, but is now begun again. 
Printed for Benjamin Harris ai the Stationers* Arms in the Piazza under 
the Royal Exchange, 

A Court of Committees, September 29, 1679 {Court Book, vol. xxxi, 

p- 312)- 

The following letters are read and approved, viz., to the President and 
Council at Surat; to the Agent and Council at Fort St. George; to the 
Agent and Factors in Persia; to the Chief and Council in the Bay, all to 
be sent overland. (J p,) 

The Company to Consul Nightingale at Aleppo, September 29, 
1679 {Letter Book, vol. vi, p. 104). 

Tell of the safe arrival of their ships from the Coast and Bay, 
and of the Unicorn from Surat. Desire him to forward the enclosed to 
their President and Council at Surat. A letter to the same effect is sent to 
Robert Lang at Marseilles, (j- p,) 

A Court of Committees, October i, 1679 [Court Book, vol. xxxi, 
P- 312). 

The Falcon to leave Gravesend by November 15 next according to 
charter-party. The following payments to be made, viz., to the owners 
of the Williamson, 3,200/. ; to the owners of the Society, 3,200/. ; and to 
the owners of the Falcon, 1600/. in further part of their respective 
freights. The owners of the Sampson and President submitting their 
written desires for some allowance of freight because of the disappoint- 
ment of pepper on the coast of India, they are told this shall be debated. 



298 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

but no encouragement must be expected contrary to charter-party. The 
Committee for the Coast and Bay to treat with the dyer, now nominated 
in Court, to serve at Kasimbazar on the best possible terms, for a 
servant to accompany him to be taught and instructed in the art of 
dyeing silk, and for him to teach the natives that art, and report what 
they have done to the Court. The Committees for Bantam and the 
South Sea Factories to consider the Company's trade at Jambi, Tywan, 
Tonquin, Amoy, and Siam, state the said factories' accounts, with the 
cost of the shipping carrying on business in those places, and ascertain 
whether the Company gain or lose by it all, and in particular, whether it 
is serviceable for the Company to continue the factories at Siam and 
Tonquin, and report. A report is read from the Shipping Committee 
concerning stores to be provided for the South Seas and Siam, a detailed 
list is given, and the Committee include 'the several things desired by 
the King of Siam, and the remainder of the guns, saddles, etc., omitted 
to be sent last year to the Sultan of Bantam'. The Court approve and 
direct that the sword-hilt for the King of Siam be enamelled according 
to his desire. A report is read from the Treasury Committee concerning 
the reduction to be made by the Company of all interest on money taken 
up by them on loan to four per cent: in this the Committee advise that 
the Accountant-General should draw up an alphabetical list of those to 
whom the Company owe any money upon the old bills, from October lo 
next, with the respective amounts, and when the six months will expire. 
That the Cashier-General should give written notice to all these persons 
(to be left at their dwellings) stating that when the said time is expired, 
or before, they must come and receive their money, as the Company 
will not pay any more interest unless they come and deliver up their old 
bills and take new for the same at the rate of four per cent per annum ; 
and that this order be declared at a General Court, and set up at the 
entry of the Company's house and at the Treasury Office. Any persons 
coming after October lo for interest on their money to be told that none 
is to be allowed. The Court approve, and direct that the Committee see 
these advices put in execution, the notice mentioned in the report, 
printed and signed by the Secretary, and the order communicated to 
the General Court this afternoon. The Committees for the Coast and 
Bay to meet and consider what stock should be sent to those factories. 
The Shipping Committee to pay to the Officers and seamen belonging to 
the Falcon the gratuities ordered on September 14, 1677, for their sailing 
up the Ganges ; this to be paid into the seamen's own hands and the 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


299 

Committee to ascertain whether the Officers have dealt in an underhand 
way with the men about the said gratuities, and if so, to find out and 
report those who have done so. Sir John Peake is admitted to the free- 
dom by patrimony. The petition of Jeremy Jones is referred to the 
Committee for Private Trade. The following payments to be made, 
viz., to William Sears, master of the smack Welcome, 70/. 15s.; to 
William Kelly loZ. 7s. ; to Captain Dickinson, commander of H.M.S. 
Woolwich, thirty guineas for his care and pains in convoking the Com- 
pany's ships into the Channel. The proposal that the trade in diamonds 
should be managed by a Joint Stock to be considered on Thursday, 
October 9. {2\pp.) 

A General Court, October i, 1679 [Afternoon] (Court Book, vol. 
xxxi, p. 316). 

The Governor declares that the occasion of their meeting is to acquaint 
them that, 'it having pleased the Lord to give a good success to their 
affairs', the Court have resolved to issue a further dividend of twenty 
per cent, half to be payable the loth instant, the other half on March 31 
next, warrants for payment to be prepared accordingly. He also tells 
the Generality that, to lessen the 'eating charge' of the interest on the 
Company's great debt, it has been agreed to give six months' warning to 
those to whom the Company is indebted, and tell them that after that 
time only four per cent interest will be allowed for any money on loan 
in the Company's hands. Timely notice to be given of this to all con- 
cerned, and it is now communicated to the Generality that it may be 
more generally and publicly known. (| p,) 

A Court of Committees, October 3, 1679 (Ibid., p. 317). 

Thomas Turner having bought an adventure of looZ. in the General 
Joint Stock, is admitted to the freedom gratis, but if hereafter he shall 
increase his adventure then he is to pay $L by way of redemption, as 
other adventurers do. Allowance to be made for some cotton yam 
bought at the last sale for Peter Kesterman which, since it came into the 
warehouse, has been damaged by wet. Thomas Butler, upon his humble 
petition, is re-entertained in the Accountant's office at an annual salary 
of 80Z., he promising to be diligent and faithful in future. The Shipping 
Committee to consider how the charges at St. Helena may be retrenched, 
consult the former establishment made when the island was defended 
only by the planters, and report what they think. An additional 100 



300 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

chaldrons of coal to be sent to the Fort, over and above what has been 
already ordered. Warrants to be made out for payment of the ten per 
cent, half the dividend of twenty per cent, the latter part of which is 
payable March 31 next. The Court resolve that from henceforth all silk 
stuffs called atlasses, or by any other name, shall be appropriated for 
the Company's use only and prohibited in all charter-parties and factors' 
covenants and in any private accoxmts, they are also to be expunged 
from all indulgences granted to owners, masters, and mariners of ships, 
the said indulgences to be reprinted. Sums reported due on the accounts 
of the following persons to be paid: John Richards, Simon Elliot, 
John Atkins, and John Hungerford. A report on freight and stated 
damages payable by Robert Goldsborough on calicoes he brought back 
in the Company's shipping from Surat is read and approved. The peti- 
tions of Stephen Ansel and Isabella Southwin, and the account of John 
Mace are referred for report. Order is given for stated damages on 
certain goods brought back in this year's ships to be reduced, (ij 

A Court of Committees, October 8, 1679 [Court Book, voL xxxi, 

p. 319)- 

Cotton yam, in lieu of what was damaged, is delivered to Peter 
Kesterman. On advice from the Bay that 4,191 rupees have been 
received into the Company’s cash, the proceeds of the estate of the late 
Robert Marshal, but the books now come making no mention of this, it 
is decided that interest for it shall be allowed to the executor from this 
day until the arrival of the next year's books. Chintz brought from 
Surat by Robert Goldsborough to be accounted as half-pieces, and the 
stated damages computed accordingly. The petition of John Stileman 
to be entertained as a factor at Tonquin is referred until it is ascertained 
whether any factors are desired for that place. Richard Jackson is 
admitted to the freedom by patrimony. The Treasury Committee to 
provide bullion to the value of 260,000?. to be sent in bullion and mer- 
chandise to the Coast and Bay, and 100,000 dollars for Bantam, to be 
sent in this year's ships. The Shipping Committee to see that, according 
to the Court's resolution of the 3rd instant, alterations are made in all 
charter-parties. Upon a proposal touching carrying on the diamond 
trade by a Joint Stock, the Court, being satisfied that it would be both 
difficult and impracticable, waive all further consideration of the matter. 
The Committee for Private Trade to consider the petition of Joan 
Butler and do what they think fit. The petitions of Robert Lloyd and 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


301 


his wife Hannali are referred for consideration and report. Sums due to 
the accounts of the following persons to be paid: Charles Bendish, Mr, 
Marshal, and Abraham Button. (2 pp) 

A Court of Committees, October 10, 1679 {Ibid., p. 321), 

Certain committees to examine the account of Sir William Langhome, 
late Agent at the Fort, ascertain from the Auditor what charges or 
exceptions there axe against him during his employment, and report 
this and what they think about it. The owners of the Eagle to be 
allowed to ship aboard her 400 pigs of lead, part of her designed quantity, 
provided they are stowed in the palatine in the presence of one of the 
Company’s surveyors, and as no waiters are yet appointed to the Eagle, 
the owners are to bear the cost of any search the Committee for Private 
Trade think fit to make for discovery of prohibited goods. Moses to 
prosecute the suit against Mr, Buckeridge for recovery of his debt to the 
Company. Summons to be sent to those who have money at interest 
with the Company, to be directed to the persons themselves or to their 
executors. Captain Christopher Mason, commander of the Oxford 
Frigate, to be given a gratuity of twenty guineas for convoying the 
Society and Falcon from the Soundings into the Channel. The owners 
of the Falcon present Captain Ledger to be her commander for the 
present voyage in the place of Captain Stafford; the Court approve, 
having had a good account of his ability, and direct him to hasten that 
ship to Gravesend with all convenient speed. James Gold is admitted to 
the freedom by service. The owners of the Johanna to be paid 4,oooZ. in 
part of her freight. Sums due to the accounts of the following persons 
to be paid: Shadrac Cradock, Francis Davenport, and Stephen Ansel, 
mariners belonging to the Formosa. The petitions of Mary Elliot and 
William Metcalf are referred for examination and report, (ij pp) 

Narrative of the inundation that happened at Masulipatam, 
October 13, 1679 {Public Record Office: C.O. 77, vol. xiv, f. 17). 

The storm began on Monday October 13, 1679, held all that day, 
and at ten of the dock at night blew with such violence from the 
eastward that it brought the sea into the town which in a quarter of an 
hour was covered with water man's height, the flow was so fast, and so 
soaked the foundations of the houses that the winds easily overturned 
them, and the waters carried away about half the town. The highest 
and strongest houses have escaped indifferently, and amongst them the 



302 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

English factory. Nothing of the Dutch standing save the posts, and the 
house the Chief lived in. They have lost 200 bales of cloth besides other 
goods, and some particular persons to the amount of 2,000 and 3,000 
pagodas. Goodra (the usual residence of the Governor) carried clear 
away and himself drowned. Three ships in the Road lost, and all the 
boats in the place either staved or drove away. Abundance of people 
ruined, and to the number of 15,000 (as near as can be guessed) drowned. 
It reached to most of the adjacent towns and swept them clear away. 
About four next morning the wind abated and the waters began to fall 
and shrink within their old bounds, which had it continued but a small 
time longer, had together with the town destroyed aU the persons living 
in Masulipatam. {\p-Y 

A Court of Committees, October 15, 1679 {Court Book, vol. xxxi, 
p. 322). 

The Court, on information that some of their Agents, Chiefs, and 
factors in the Indies engage in very considerable trade, far beyond the 
compass of their own estates and contrary to the express rules and 
orders given them make use of the Company’s stock, borrow money of 
their fellow servants and of the natives to the apparent damage of the 
Company, breach of their covenants and the trust reposed in them, and 
to the dishonour of the English nation, give order that all and every 
person employed by the Company in the Indies shall be henceforth 
strictly prohibited from exceeding in private trade, and for a standing 
rule and order to this effect to be drawn up and sent to the President and 
Council at Surat, the Agent and Council at Fort St. George, the Chief 
and Council at the Bay, the Agent and Council at Bantam, and their 
subordinates, that whosoever shall be found acting contrary to this rule 
and order shall upon due proof be dismissed the Company’s service and 
sent to England. Colonel Clerke is directed to summon all members of 
this Court to meet at once to draw up such orders and rules, and report 
them. The Committees for Bantam and the South Seas who were desired 
to read the advices received from Bantam by the Johanna to ascertain 
what was written for, and consider what should be provided and sent, 
also to inspect the books of accounts touching the trade of Jambi, 
China, and Siam, with the cost of the shipping employed, and the loss 
or profit accruing to the Company, are now to be summoned to meet 
and debate these matters, consider what persons should be sent to 
* See Love’s Vestiges of Old Madras, vol. i, p. 479. 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


303 

Bantam to be added to the Council there for the better inspection of the 
Company's concerns and for taking a monthly account of the cash and 
goods in the godowns from the Agent and Warehousekeeper for the 
better security and prevention of their misemployment. They are also 
to consider what course should be taken to procure justice to be done 
to the assassinators of Agent WTiite, etc., draw up suitable letters to be 
sent to the Agent and Council, and make report to the Court. The Law- 
suits Coixunittee to be summoned to inspect the accounts of all factors 
and others indebted to the Company, what security they have given, 
try to recover the money owing by them, and report from time to time 
to the Court. The following orders are issued: the cabinets, screens, and 
parcels of tea returned in the Johanna and belonging to Lord Berkeley 
and others to be delivered upon payment of the usual freight ; a parcel 
of musk valued at 40/., returned in the Johanna for account of the late 
Mr. White, to be delivered free of freight ; ‘the sum of 4/. due to the 
account of Andrew Philips of St. Helena to be paid ; and 10/. 12s. 5^. 
repaid to Messrs. Perkins and Price. The Treasury Committee to cause 
an account of the quarter-part of freight due to Captain Slade, com- 
mander of the Unicorn, for fine goods brought back in that ship to be 
stated, and the account of John Dell, late boatswain and mate in the 
Flying Eagle, to be reported, (i J pp,) 

A CouKT OF Committees, October 17, 1679 [Ibid., p. 324). 

The Shipping Committee to consider what goods and merchandise 
adventurers and others may be permitted to export to the Indies, be- 
sides what is taken out by the officers and seamen, and report their 
opinion. The Committee for Bu5dng Goods to receive from Sir John 
Lethuher 226 copper plates to complete the contract for 1,000 made 
with him. AH goods and merchandise returned in the Company's ships 
from Bantam over and above the five per cent allowed the owners, 
masters, and seamen in charterparty, shall be charged 13/. 6s. 8 d. per 
ton as stated damages for overtoimage, as is done on goods received 
from other parts of the Indies. A representation from Matthew Main- 
waring, now read, is referred ±0 the Coast and Bay Committees for 
examination and report. Sir Josia Child, having the affairs of the Coast 
and Bay committed to him, is allowed to take home letters, consulta- 
tions, and other papers received from Fort St. George, etc., as 'they are 
many and voluminous'. The Shipping Committee to read the advices 
from St. Helena, consider and report what supplies should be sent 



304 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

there and how, and whether it is requisite to send a small vessel as 'an 
advisor' to that island. The account of William Bagnold, lately de- 
ceased in the Bay, to be examined ; also the account of Captain William 
Thomson, commander of the Society, for the quarter-part of freight due 
for jewels and bullion taken out and returned in that ship. The desires 
of Joseph Lindsey to be examined and reported, also the printer's bill. 
Damaged pepper returned in the Johanna to be delivered by George 
PapHlon to the owners. The sum of loo^. 6s. Tid., due on the account of 
John Ardis, to be paid. A report is read from the Shipping Committee 
about some alterations to be made in indulgences and charterparties for 
vessels employed this year by the Company; in this the Committee find 
that no alteration need be made in the charterparties drawn up last 
year, but that in indulgences all coarse chintz and painted calicoes 
should be prohibited, also Ahmadabad taffetas ; the Court approve. The 
petition of Dorothy Bowyer concerning the account of Charles Bendish 
to be examined ; the owners of the Eagle to be paid 1,803/. i8s. ^d., and 
the desires of Captain Wale, about stated damages due on calicoes 
he brought back, to be reported, (if pp) 

Order in Council, October 17, 1679 Council Register, vol. 
Ixviii, p. 237). 

A petition is read from Manuel Brandon de Lima living at Fort St. 
George, who has been sentenced to death for killing his negro servant, 
and, having appealed to His Majesty, has been brought to England 
and is now in Newgate. In his petition Brandon prays for pardon 
hoping that the provocation he had and the misery he has since endured 
'may open a way thereunto'. Hereupon order is given for the petition 
to be at once shown to the East India Company who are to show cause 
why the petitioner is not capable of His Majesty's mercy, and give their 
reasons for the limitation of some appeals in criminal causes, 'His 
Majesty declaring his inclination to favour them in that particular if 
they shall desire the same'. 

A Court of Committees, October 22, 1679 [Court Book, vol. xxxi, 
p. 326). 

Robert Marshal produces in Court several papers belonging to the late 
Albinus Willoughby, a factor at Bantam ; these are referred to the Com- 
mittees for that place to read, and have a list made of those they think 
should be copied for the Company's use that the originals may be re- 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


305 


turned to Marshal. Mr. Nicholas to be allowed for some raw taffetas 
found to be short in measure. Aloes Socotrina bought by Mr. Briscoe, 
which on opening he finds to be 'sweepings*, to be examined. The 
account of Richard Wynn, chaplain at St. Helena, to be reported. 
The owners of the Nathaniel to be paid 6,000^. in part of her freight. 
The Shipping Committee to consider and report their opinion upon 
some letters now read touching a complaint against Captain Stannard. 
The Deputy Governor with certain Committees to wait upon Secretary 
Coventr}’’ to ascertain what it shall please the King to reply to the letter 
His Majesty received from the old Sultan of Bantam, also what answer 
is to be made to the letter, and what return for the present received from 
the Sultan’s son, as ships are shortly to be dispatched to that place. A 
paper drawn up by the Committees for Charitable Uses is read and 
referred for consideration imtil the ships for the Coast have been sent 
off. Enoch Smedmor, dyer, reported to be a fit person to serve the 
Company in the Bay, is to be entertained on the same terms as have 
been given to others, and agreed with to teach his trade to a young man 
who is to be apprenticed to the Company. A bill for work done in the 
Pepper Warehouse to be examined. The accounts of Captains Jonathan 
Andrewes and William Basse, commanders of the Caesar and William- 
son^ for the quarter-part of freight of bullion and fine goods by them 
carried out and brought back in the said ships to be reported, (i J pp) 

A Court of Committees, October 24, 1679 p. 327). 

Patrick Warner, late minister at the Fort, requests that a youth he 
brought back with him, whose father is a soldier at Fort St. George, may 
have a free passage back in the next shipping bound for the Coast ; the 
matter is referred to the Shipping Committee to ascertain if there is a 
vacancy in any of the ships, so that the Company may be at no charge. 
Order is given for a blank contract, signed by Mr. Woolley for pepper 
which he did not buy, to be cancelled. At the request of the Committees 
for Bantam and the South Sea Factories for directions as to what to 
write to that Agency, the Court resolve, that the 50 dollars given for 
procuring pepper at Bantam shall be allowed, but this is not to be done 
in future ; that the Committees read the Tonquin letters and papers 
touching Mr. Waite being sent to Macao, consider what salary is to be 
allowed him, how he may be employed in future, and report their 
opinion. That the Agent and Coundl be ordered to send Abel Payn and 
his wife to England by the first ships. That as the port of Siam does not 

4372 X 



3o6 court minutes, ETC., OF THE 

answer the expectations of the Company in point of trade, the Agent 
and Comcil of Bantam are to leave it by degrees, and represent to the 
Barcalong that, as the Company find they are losers by that trade they 
do not thinlr fit to continue there. That directions be given to forbear 
building at Tonquin for the present, until it appears how the trade 
of that place may turn to account, of which a further trial is to 
be madft. That the Flyifi^ Eagle and Advice Pink be sold to the best 
advantage, and only the Return, Tywan, and Formosa employed to 
carry on the China trade. That 1,200 jars of green ginger only be written 
for to be sent in this year’s shipping. That Mr. Burnaby, now at Siam, 
and Mr. Gosfright, Third at Amoy, be ordered to return to Bantam to 
take their places in Council there, according to degree, but, if the Chief 
or Second at Amoy has died, then Mr. Gosfright is not to leave. That 
express directions be given for the Company’s cash in the Agent’s 
custody to be examined every fortnight, and an account taken of the 
goods in the godowns once a month (as is done at the Fort) in accordance 
with the method shown in the Consultation book now sent, for pre- 
vention of misemployment of the Company’s cash, etc., as practised in 
the time of Sir Henry Dacres and Mr. Pa3m. A report from the Com- 
mittees touching the exorbitant private trade of factors m the Indies is 
read and recommitted for further consideration and amendment. The 
Court resolve that no more factors or writers shall be entertained this 
year to serve in the Indies and no more names entered upon the Com- 
pany’s list. The accounts of Robert Yabsley and of the late Matthew 
Gray to be reported, (ij pp.) 

A Court of Committees, October 28, 1679 [Court Book, voL xxxi, 
P- 329). 

Stores, ammunition, and arms, according to particulars now read, to 
be provided by the Shipping Committee for use of the garrison at Fort 
St. George. Committees for the Calico Warehouse to examine some 
rotten calicoes brought back in the Nathaniel and report what should be 
done with them ; they are also desired to make reasonable allowance on 
damaged goods left by buyers in the warehouse. Money due to the 
account of John Wynn, chaplain at St. Helena, to be paid, the account 
of Henry Carpenter, late factor in the Bay, to be reported, and the 
plumber's bill paid. Examination to be made why the quarter-part of 
freight due for bullion and fine goods taken out and brought home in the 
Success was not paid to Captain Swanley. The Court hearing that the 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


307 


Company’s factors and sen^ants in the Indies send home yearly several 
fine goods in the charge of mates and seamen, which the Company 
are defrauded, as no freight is paid for these goods, order that such 
practices be prohibited, and any person found doing this dismissed 
the Company’s seivice; and that directions be given to the President, 
Agents, and Councils at Surat, Fort St. George, and the Bay to inform 
aU factors and servants of the Company of this order. (| p) 

A Court of Committees, October 31, 1679 P- 33o). 

Order is given for bibles and other books mentioned in a particular 
produced in Court to be sent to the Fort, Payment to be made to 
Stephen Smart, and the printer’s bill to be reported. A report touching 
Nicholas Waite, late prisoner at the Manillas, is read and recommitted 
for further consideration. Bills presented by the wharfinger and porters 
at Wiggin’s quay to be considered and reported. A report is read from 
the Committees for the Coast and Bay touching the re-admission of 
Matthew Mainwaring into the Company’s service, it is to the following 
effect : the Committees find that the greatest part of the matters charged 
against Mainwaring on which he was suspended were known to the 
Court before they ordered his settlement as Chief at Masulipatam, and 
that he has done several good services to the Company, they therefore 
think that he should be given some employment in the Company’s 
service which will not disturb the late settlement at Masulipatam. The 
Court approve. Thomas Ryder is admitted to the freedom by patri- 
mony. A report is read from the Shipping Committee touching liberty 
to be granted to adventurers, as weU as to owners and mariners, to 
export in the Company’s ships for the Indies goods not prohibited by 
charterparty: in this the Committees state that great trouble and dis- 
content has been occasioned by adventurers not being allowed, as for- 
merly, to export to the Indies unprohibited goods, and that it has 
proved a certain loss to the Company, therefore they think it advisable 
that adventurers should be allowed the same privilege as formerly, they 
paying freight as directed. The Court approve and give directions for 
the names of adventurers to be inserted m the indulgence accordingly. 
{iipp,) 

A Court of Committees, October 31, 1679 [afternoon] {Ibid., 
P* 331)* 

A report touching a supply of stores, ammunition, and provisions 



3o8 court minutes, ETC., OF THE 

necessary for St. Helena is read, but referred for consideration until 
February 20 next. The Falcon entertained last September by desire of 
her owners for a voyage to Bantam on condition that any dead freight 
she should return with should be on her owners’ account, but as since 
then she was appointed the first of three vessels to go to Bantam, order 
is now given that no mention of dead freight is to be inserted in her 
charterparty. The Court resolve that their ships shall leave the Fort 
and Surat for England each year on January 20, charterparty to be 
drawn up accordingly. The account of Captain Richard Cooke, com- 
mander of the President, for the quarter-part of the freight of bullion 
and fine goods taken out and returned in his ship to be reported. 
Captain Bendal to be allowed to ship out in the Falcon 50Z. in dollars for 
his own account on paying one per cent freight. Musk brought home in 
the Johanna for account of the late John White to be delivered to Mr. 
Canham free of freight, besides the 40 oz. formerly ordered, (i p) 

A Court of Committees, November 4, 1679 [Court Book, vol. xxxi, 
P- 332)- 

A good account having been given by the Agent and Council of 
Bantam of the ability and integrity of John Stileman, who has been at 
Tonquin several years and is recommended by them to serve as a 
factor, it is decided that, if Mr. Ireton leaves, Stileman shall be enter- 
tained in his stead; of this the Court approve. The account of John 
Miles is read, and referred for further consideration. The sister of Mr. 
Orde, schoolmaster at the Fort, to be permitted to take passage in one 
of the Coast ships for Madras, she to pay the cost. Order is given 
for a medal of gold with the Company’s arms, and a gold chain to the 
value of 100/. to be sent to Cassa Verona (Kasi Viranna) as a testimony 
of the Company’s acceptance of his good service in managing their 
affairs ; the making of it is to be seen to by the Committee for the Coast 
and Bay; they are also to consider the three paragraphs of the letter 
now read, viz., the desire of those of the Council who wish for an in- 
crease ; touching Kasi Viranna ; the coining of silver money of the value 
of and half 13 Jci. ; draw up clauses pursuant to the sense of the 
present debate, and report, (i p.) 

A Court of Committees, November 7, 1679 P- 334)- 

The Committees for Christ’s Hospital ask for some consideration for 
the great charges they have had in repairing the warehouses held by the 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


309 


Company at Leadenhall, the matter is referred to Lord Berkeley and 
other Committees to ascertain what the Company's obligations are 
touching such repairs, to meet the Committees of the Hospital, hear 
what they have to say, and report their proceedings. The account of 
Captain Hyde as to the quarter-part of the freight due for bullion and 
fine goods taken out in the President in her last voyage to be stated. The 
said Captain Hyde is presented by Sir Matthew Arnold, in the name of 
himself and the rest of the owners, to command the President, and the 
Court, being satisfied as to his qualifications, approve. Mr. Briscoe to 
be allowed yL for damaged aloes bought at the last sale. The Shipping 
Committee to ascertain which of the four Coast vessels is readiest to 
proceed to the Fort, refitted, “victualled, and manned, speak with the 
owners and commander, appoint a certain day for her charterparty to 
be signed and for her to sail from Gravesend, and report to the Court. 
The Treasury Committee and Sir Josia Child to consider the dispute 
between Mr. Trafford and Mr. White, and give directions for no dividend 
to be paid to Mr. Tomlinson or Mr. Elliot until further order. A parcel 
of thrown silk, returned in the Johanna, to be delivered to Mrs. Little- 
ton, she to pay one half the stated damages. The owners of the Nathaniel 
to be paid 3,200/. in further part of her freight. The petition of Joan 
Hubard on behalf of John Gargon is referred for consideration. The 
Bantam Committees to consider how the Company's trade in China and 
the South Sea factories may be managed by freighted ships, the present 
method of using their own being very costly, and whether it will be 
advantageous to the Company if the Return is laden with pepper and 
returned to England, as there can be little question of her being able " to 
come through the seas' so much having been spent lately on her repair 
at Bombay. The Committees are also to consider whether the voyage 
of the Society to Bantam may not be suspended for this year, and she 
be appointed to go next year to the Coast and Bay. (ij pp) 

A Court of Committees, November 12, 1679 {lUd,, p. 335). 

Permission is given to Sir Arthur Ingram to export in the Falcon to 
Bantam goods to the value of 151/., and as many pieces of eight as will 
make up that sum to 2,000 dollars, he to pay freight for the same. 
Treasure designed for the Coast and Bay to be shipped aboard the 
Eagle as soon as she is ready to receive it. Certain goods complained of 
by Joseph Hall as damaged, for which he has not been given sufhdent 
allowance, to be inspected. Frequent complaints being made by buyers 



310 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

of goods found damaged, on which they demand allowance, also of goods 
alleged to be found short of the quantity stated in the ticket, the matter 
is referred to the Committees for the Calico Warehouse to consider 
whether it may not be to the advantage of the Company to deEver 
sound instead of damaged goods, also what can be done to prevent 
buyers demanding goods, so often pretended to be found wanting in 
bales after they have been taken away, and report their opinion. It is 
resolved that the Society shall proceed on her intended voyage to Ban- 
tam. Nicholas Wa3rte, late a prisoner at the Manillas, to be paid 6o/. in 
fuU of all pretences, to the time of his arrival at Bantam, and it is 
referred to the Bantam Committees to consider his ability and sobriety 
and whether it is requisite to employ him any further in the Company’s 
service, and report. The petition of Major John Blackmore, Governor 
of St. Helena, is referred for consideration. The owners of the Falcon 
present Samuel Martin, Anthony Atkinson, and Thomas Brannock to be 
first, second, and third mates in that ship for her voyage to Bantam ; the 
Court approve. The account of Agent Master for the quarter-part of 
the freight of bullion and fine goods due to him to be stated, (i f.) 

A Court of Committees, November 14, 1679 {Court Book, vol. xxxi, 
P- 337 )- 

John Marshal to be allowed to ship in the Falcon lOO pieces of eight, 
free of freight, for his son, John Marshal, a writer at Bantam. Some 
rotten calicoes returned in the Nathaniel to be delivered by Messrs. 
Richards and Bray to the owners of that ship. A report is read from the 
Committees of the whole Court touching additional rules and orders to 
be observed by the Company's factors, etc., in the Indies, these are as 
follows; I. If any person in the Company's service shall employ their 
money, goods, or estate to his own or any other use than according to 
their orders, or not make a just account and render up the Company's 
effects under his charge when required, he shall be at once discharged 
the service and lose all benefits of salary or other advantages by or from 
the Company for his unfaithfulness. 2. If any person in the Company's 
service shall become indebted to the Company, and being required to 
repay the same into their cash shall refuse or neglect to do so for the 
space of forty days after such demand, he shall be at once discharged 
from further service and excluded from all benefits of salary and other 
advantages by or from the Company, as having broken his trust and 
become insolvent. 3. If any person in the Company's service shall 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


detain in his hands, or, through connivance or neglect of his superiors, 
receive in the Indies more of his salary than by the Company's general 
and known rules or particular order is to be paid to him, and shall not 
at once repay such overplus into the Company's cash, he shall be at 
once discharged from the service and from all salary and advantages of 
the same. 4. To avoid the scandal and inconvenience of emplo^dng any 
persons in the Company's service w’ho do not pay their debts, or are 
bankrupt or insolvent, it is further ordered that, if any person in the 
Company's service shall not in a reasonable time (when required) pay 
such debt or debts as he or they shall owe, either to their fellow 
servants, the natives of the country, or other Europeans in the Indies, 
they shall be at once discharged from the Company's emplojnnent and 
from all salary, benefits, or advantages accruing from the same. The 
President and Council at Surat, the Agent and Council at the Fort, and 
the Agent and Council at Bantam, for their respective factories and 
dependencies, are hereby required to cause these rules to be declared 
and published within their respective precincts, and hung up in the most 
public places of their factories, and call any person or persons in default 
before them, and, upon due proof of the offence, cause these rules and 
orders to be duly and effectually executed without 'fear, favour, or 
affection'. The Court approve and give order for the said rules and 
orders to be printed, and copies signed by the Secretary to be sent to the 
several factories in the Indies. The owners of the Falcon to be paid 
i,496Z. 6s. 3^. in accordance with a report now read. The petition of 
Mary Pitman is referred for examination. The account of Thomas Keck 
to be reported. The Court, noting the good service and affection to the 
Company of Captain Nathaniel Owen in general and on a late particular 
occasion, for his encouragement declare that no change of commanders 
shall be allowed in any of their ships until the said Captain is provided 
for. 

A Court of Committees, November 18, 1679 {Hid., p, 339). 

The Treasury Committees are ordered to cause 108,000 pieces of eight, 
Seville and Mexico, to be shipped in the Falcon at once, 28,000 to relade 
her at Bantam, and 80,000 for the use of the out-factories within that 
Agency. The owners of the Sampson to be paid x,20oL in further part 
of her freight. The account of Captain Chamblet for quarter-part of the 
freight for bullion and fine goods taken out and returned in the Sampson 
to be stated. Permission is given for the following bullion, etc., to be 



312 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

exported to India, viz., to Mr. Sweeting 500 pieces of eight; to Mrs. 
Parker 1,000 pieces of eight ; to Jane Littleton 400 oz. of wrought plate 
and 30 oz. of silver and gold thread, also several provisions for her son 
Edward Littleton, factor at Kasimbazar; to Captain Edward Ledger, 
commander of the Falcon, pieces of eight to the value of 8oof . for the use 
of himself, his officers, and men, free of freight. Nicholas Wa5d:e is 
entertained to serve as a factor at Tonquin, or where the Agent and 
Council of Bantam shall think fit. A letter is read from Robert Balle 
and Francis Gosfright, merchants at Leghorn, stating, that as no con- 
voy has appeared and the Zant* ships are hourly expected they must 
lade the Company’s coral on the latter which are ‘stout ships’ and as 
good as a considerable convoy, and being laden with fruit they may 
decide to go without any convoy; the merchants hope this will be 
approved by the Court; order is given for them to be told so. The 
Auditor’s paper of exceptions to the books and consultations of Fort 
St. George is referred to the Coast and Bay Committees for considera- 
tion ; they are also to consider the desires of Mr. Evans, the Company's 
chaplain in the Bay, about the supply of some books mentioned in a 
catalogue received from him, and report their opinion, (i f) 

A Court of Committees, November 19, 1679 {Court Book, vol. xxxi, 
P- 340)- 

Philip Papillon is admitted to the freedom by patrimony. Money due 
to the account of the late Thomas Keck to be paid. Certain proposals 
of "concernment and benefit* to the Company's trade are read, and 
referred to a Committee of the whole Court for consideration, who, 
should they think fit, are to take the advice of Counsel upon any par- 
ticulars, after debate on all, and report what in their opinion should be 
done in the matter. The owners of the Berkeley Castle to be paid i,oooL 
in further part of her freight. The account of Captain Richard Goodlad, 
commander of the Lancaster, and of Captain WiUiam Stannard, com- 
mander of the Nathaniel, for the quarter-part of the freight due to them 
for bullion and fine goods taken out and returned in their said ships to 
be stated. Permission is given to Sir John Laurence and Charles 
Chamberlain to send in the Ec^le a bulse of diamonds valued at 3,150 
pagodas, free of freight. Several complaints being made of the hard 
usage received from their officers by men serving in the Company's ships, 
and of excessive rates put upon all goods and provisions they have 
^ Island of Zante, Greece. 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


313 

occasion to make use of in their \^oyage, and it also appearing that, 
contrary to the Company's rules, the seamen take up more than the 
one-third part of their wages in each voyage, to the great impoverish- 
ment both of themselves and their relations, the Court order the Ship- 
ping Committee to speak about this to the commanders, consider some 
effectual means to prevent these abuses in future, and report. Matthew 
Mainwaring is appointed to be Second at Hugli and Third in the Bay, 
but he is not to displace Edward Littleton who is chief at Kasimbazar. 
Mainwaring is to enter into new covenants, give security and take the 
oath of a freeman. A report is read from the Committees who treated 
with the Governors of Christ's Hospital about repairs to the ware- 
houses at Leadenhall and the Court direct that an additional sum of 
32Z. shall be allowed annually to the Governors in respect of the said 
repairs, thus making the present rental of 158Z. now paid, up to 190/., 
to begin from last Michaelmas. A bill from Godfrey Taylor for cleaning 
arms to be paid, (i J pp) 

A Court of Committees, November 21, 1679 [Ibid,, p. 341). 

An allowance to be made to Robert Master for two pieces of blue 
baftas wanting in a bale bought at the last sale, two India stones having 
been found packed in the bale in place of the two pieces wanting, 
Robert Harrison is admitted to the freedom by patrimony. Permission 
is given to Edward Watts to export in the ships now bound for the Coast 
foreign bullion to the value of 1,000/, for Streynsham Master on pay- 
ment of freight ; and to Mr, Delawne to export in the Falcon eighty- 
nine pieces of eight free of freight. On information that a Mr. Salvador, 
a jeweller, gives out that he has the King's licence to take passage in the 
Company’s ships on the Coromandel Coast, the Court request the Earl 
of Berkeley and Lord Chandos to petition His Majesty (for reasons now 
offered in debate) that if any such order has been granted His Majesty 
will be graciously pleased to permit the Company to wait on him before 
any such person goes. The petition of Joan Beimet is referred for con- 
sideration. On mformation that several persons, under the guise of sea- 
men, go yearly to the Indies in the Company's ships and return, and so 
manage a private trade for themselves and others to the Company's 
great prejudice, the Court desire the Committee for Private Trade to see 
how this abuse may be prevented, and that no persons are shipped out 
or home except those who are really seamen and actually perform the 
duties of seamen. Directions to be given to the Cashier-General to take 



COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 


314 

no money on deposit for clearing any goods unless the buyers bring a 
note from the Accountant of the goods they wish to clear by such 
money, come next day, teU over the money, and take away their goods. 

A Court of Committees, November 26, 1679 [Court Book, vol. xxxi, 
P* 342). 

The account of John Lichorish, lately a soldier at St. Helena, to be 
reported. The petition of Henry Smith is referred to the Surat Com- 
mittee, who are to read the last advices received from that place touch- 
ing his qualifications and fitness for employment in the Company’s 
service and report. The owners of the Eagle to be allowed to export 
2,400?. for their own account, and 400Z. for the ship’s expenses in her 
voyage; and permission is given to Captain Horseman to lade aboard 
her 800Z. for the use of himself, his officers, and men, free of freight. 
Order is given that in future the owners of three-decked ships employed 
in the Company’s service are to be permitted to ship out 400Z. for the 
expense of their vessel in the voyage to the Indies, and the owners of 
two-decked ships 300Z., on the same account, free of freight. The 
owners of the Eo^le present Thomas Giles, Joseph Wynn, and John 
Boimell as chief, second, and third mates in that ship, and the Court 
approve, (f^.) 

A Court of Committees, November 27, 1679 [Ibid., p. 343). 

Mrs. Ord to be allowed to take a young maid-servant to wait upon her 
in her voyage to the Fort on paying the cost. Permission is given to 
Jeremy Sambrooke to ship out to the value of 130Z. in foreign bullion 
for account of John Davies, and Elisha Coles is allowed to ship out 30Z. 
for account of John Pounsett, each to pay one per cent, freight. Books 
to the value of 17Z. to be sent to the Bay as an addition to the Company’s 
library. Transfer of a subscription (amount not given) from Mr. Jumper 
to Thomas Stiles, its acceptance signed in Amsterdam, but not attested 
under the common seal of that city, is read, and referred to the Accounts 
Committee to ascertain the usual procedure in like cases, and to report 
what should be done ; the proposals now read, presented by Mr. Beyer, 
are likewise referred to the said Committee, (i p) 

The Company to Messrs. Selwin and Bathurst, November 27, 
1679 [Letter Book, vol. vi, p. 105). 

Acknowledge their letters of October ii and 14 by the Andalusia, 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


315 


commanded by Captain John Jacobs, with a bill of lading for the 
commodities mentioned, being what they have procured in part of the 
debt due from Samuel Sambrooke. Thank them for their care in this 
matter and pray that they will continue to exercise it in getting in 
the remainder of the money still standing to the Company's account 
and return it in the same commodities at the first opportunity. 

A Court of Committees, November 28, 1679 {Court Book, vol. xxxi, 
P- 344)- 

The carpenter’s bill to be examined and what found due paid, and 
directions given for repair of the statues in the garden, if this can be 
done for a small charge, if not, they are to be removed. The desires of 
Mrs. Crandon to be considered. Sir Samuel Bamardiston requests per- 
mission to export fifty small brass guns about two foot long for President 
Rolt, like the pattern produced in Court, this is granted, freight to be 
paid. Sir Matthew Andrewes requests that those who undertook to 
build a three-decked ship for Captain Jonathan Hide in pursuance of an 
order of Court of January 16, 1678, and made a contract with the ship- 
wright for it may be encouraged to proceed, and that when it is built 
Captain Nathaniel Owen may command her ; he also proposes, in the 
name of the owners of the JoJianjta, that Captain Slade may be ap- 
pointed to command that ship in place of Captain Bendal ; both pro- 
posals are referred for consideration to this day fortnight. The account 
of Ambrose Salisbury to be reported. A report from the Surat Com- 
mittee is read and order given for Henry Smith to be entertained at an 
annual salary of 30J. to serve the Company in India as shall be directed 
by the Court. 

The Company to Messrs. Balle and Gosfright, November 29, 
1679 [Letter Book, vol. vi, p. 105). 

In their last letter they instructed them to buy coral if there was a 
prospect of a convoy to accompany its transport to the Company by 
November. Acknowledge the receipt of their several letters reporting 
that they have effected the commissions sent to them and hope to have 
the opportunity of lading and dispatching the coral with a convoy 
within the limited time, also giving notice of bills of exchange being 
drawn. These shall be accepted. (J p) 



COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 


316 

The King’s Commission to prevent Interlopers, December 2, 
1679 [Letter Book, voL vi, p. 134)-^ 

To Our trusty and welbeloved Streynsham Master Esq. Agent for 
Our East India Company on the Coast of Choromandel and Bay of 
Bengala and Governor of Fort St. George, To Our trusty and welbeloved 
Matthias Vincent chief Factor for Our said Company at Hughly, To 
Our trusty and welbeloved Christopher Hatton chief Factor for Our 
said Company at Mesulapatam, and to the Agent and Chiefs for Our 
said Company for the said places for the time being or any other places 
in India, And to aU Commanders, Officers, Soldiers, Mariners and all 
others serving Our said Company on shore or at sea, unto whom these 
presents or the authentique copies thereof shall come or be made known 
Greeting. Whereas We are credibly informed that one William Alley 
Commander of an English ship called the Expectation of the burden of 
400 tons or thereabouts in confederacy with John Smith, James Har- 
rington and others of Our English subjects in contempt of Our Royal 
Charter given and granted to Our said East India Company in the 13th 
year of Our reign, and to defraud us of Our Customs, is now designed 
on a voyage from Cadiz to some Port or Places in the East Indies there 
to lade India Commodities and to discharge them in foreign Countries of 
Europe. These are therefore to require you and every of you (as you will 
avoide Our just displeasure and answer the contrary at your periHs) that 
you doe forbare to give any assistance countenance or incouragement 
whatsoever unto the said William AUey, John Smith, James Harring- 
ton and all other Our subjects in confederacy with them or any of them, 
or that shall in any kinde now or hereafter trade or attempt to trade in 
any Ports or Places in the East Indies, without the Licence or permis- 
sion of Our said East India Company, And further Wee doe hereby 
require and strictly charge and command you that you put in execution 
. all the Powers and authorities by Us given and granted to Our said East 
India Company for the impedeing, obstructing and rendering ineffectual! 
the disloyal and undutifuU attempts of the said William Alley, John 
-Smith, James Harrington and other their Confederates, and of aU 
others that shall now or hereafter trade to or from the East Indies 
contrary to Our said Charter, and in contempt of Our Royal Authority, 
which Wee will by no meanes suffer to be infringed and for your actings 
nnd doeings herein this shall be your sufficient Commission and indem- 

* See also Privy Council Register, vol. 68, p. 293. 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


317 

nity. Given at Our Court at Whitehall the 2d day of December 1679 
and in the 31st year of Our Reigne.' 

By His Majesties Command 

{signed) Henry Coventry. 

The Company’s Commission to their Agents, etc. at the Coast 
AND Bay for prevention of Interlopers, December 3, 1679 (jfWi., 

P. 135). 

Being informed that there are several ships now setting out designed 
by private persons for the East Indies, in particular the Expectation, 
commanded by William AUey, with John Smith as master or chief mate, 
and James Harrington and other merchants, who intend to go first to 
Porto Nova or Trincombar, then to other places, there to stay tUl their 
factors and agents shall have provided goods to be laden, and return in 
the season to Europe, qr some foreign parts, contrary to the Company's 
charter granted by His Majesty in the thirteenth year of his reign, the 
Company require their said Agents, etc., if the said ship or any other 
English ship shall, contrary to the said charter, na\igate to the East 
Indies without their licence, to forbear to give any assistance, counten- 
ance, or encouragement to the said Alley, Smith, or Harrington, or any 
other English in confederacy with them, or any who shall trade or 
attempt to trade to any port or place in the East Indies, and put in 
execution or cause to be put in execution all powers and authorities 
granted to the Company by the said royal charter, with all other lawful 
means most effectual for impeding, obstructing and rendering ineffectual 
such private trading, and to give them greater authority and power the 
Company send the King's warrant, groimded upon an order of Council. 
And because it is possible such private ships and persons may (as 
formerly some have done) commit acts of piracy or violence on the 
people of those countries and so bring the estates of the Company and 
the lives and liberties of their servants into danger, they therefore 
require their Agents, etc., to visit the Governors in those parts and tell 
them that the Company alone and no other English are allowed and 
authorized by His Majesty to trade and navigate into those countries, 
and that such English ships coming there are acting contrary to the 
commands of His Majesty and are not within the phinnaunds granted to 
the Company, and have no right to the privileges contained therein, 
and are not owned by the Company who will not be in any way respon- 
sible for them or their actions whether at sea or on shore. As it is 



3i8 court minutes, ETC., OF THE 

customary on visiting these Governors to take a present, the Company 
leave it to their Agents, etc., to take those most acceptable and proper, 
and to exercise the necessary frugality. The Company also enjoin that 
timely intimation be given to all their factors and servants and to all 
English in those parts, that they are not, either directly or indirectly, 
to aid, assist, or give any countenance to such persons, or to trade, buy, 
sell, or keep company with them, and in case any of the Company’s 
factors are suspected of doing this, they are to be dismissed immediately 
from the Company’s service and sent to the Fort, there to stay until the 
pirate ship or ships have left the coast, and notice is to be given to aU 
merchants and traders not to trade or negotiate with the pirates or in 
any way further them in their designs. For whatsoever the Agents, etc., 
shall do or cause to be done in this matter, conformable to the Com- 
pany’s charter, this commission shall indemnify and save them harm- 
less, in witness of this the Company have had their common seal affixed 
this 3rd day of December, 1679, in the 31st year of His Majesty’s reign, 
(li#.) 

A Court of Committees, December 3, 1679 {Court Book, vol. xxxi, 
P- 345 )- 

Matthew Manwaring took the oath taken by those admitted to the 
freedom, with this salvo, that he is not to be debarred the liberty of 
trading granted to all factors during continuance in the Company’s 
service. The Treasury Committee to affix the Company’s seal to a 
commission given to Streynsham Master, Agent at Fort St, George, 
and the Council there, and to others mentioned in it. The owners of the 
Sampson to be paid 3,046?. 5s. xod, in full of her freight. George Papil- 
lon to provide spice to be given to the Commissioners of His Majesty’s 
Customs and other officers as is usual, also to those servants of the 
Company in proportion as was done last year. Money due to the 
account of John Lichorish to be paid. The account of Richard Mohun 
to be examined. The Governor, Deputy, and the Treasury Committee 
to dispose of 130?. for the use of the Company, in accordance with the 
sense of the present debate, (i p) 

The Company to Captain Nathaniel Horsman, December 3, 1679 
{JLdter Book, vol. vi, p. 136). 

They have freighted his ship the Ec^le for the Coast and Bay and 
order him to do his utmost to get into the Downs and sail at the first 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


319 

opportunity, in company mth the Falcon, as far as St. lago. Repeat 
their usual orders as to steering to the westward of Madeira, etc., and 
direct him to gain the Coast as soon as possible, deliver the packet and 
follow such orders as he shall receive from the Agent and Council. He is 
to keep up the worship of God in his ship, and good order among his men 
and look to their health ; to make a speedy return to England and keep 
with as many of the Company's ships as he meets, and remember the 
King's proclamation about wearing only the usual English flag both 
going to and returning from St. Helena. Pray that he may have a 
prosperous voyage and happy return, (i J pp,) 

The Company to Captain Nathaniel Horsman, December 5, 1679 
{Ibid., p. 137). 

Send him a copy of an order from the Lords of the Admiralty to 
Captain Mason, commander of the Oxford Frigate for his convoy. They 
desire both Horsman and Captain Ledger to speak with Captain Mason 
and ascertain whether he will be ready to sail at the first fair wind, but 
if he has left the Downs or will not be ready to sail, then they are not to 
wait, but proceed on their voyage at the first opportunity. They are 
informed that a considerable quantity of gold has been seized by the 
Customhouse ojBSicers from aboard his ship, and are sorry that, notwith- 
standing the great encouragement they give to their commanders and 
officers for carrying out adventures any should be so unfaithful to their 
trust as to cany out private adventures. They also understand that 
there are some persons who, contrary to the Company's orders, try to go 
as passengers in his ship, in particular a silk throwster, and therefore 
desire him seriously to consider his covenants and great charge, and try 
to find out what private trade is in his vessel, give them a particular 
account of it, and not suffer any one but his ship's company and officers 
to go with him as passengers. (J p.) 

The Company to Captain Edward Ledger, December 5, 1679 
{Ibid., p. 113). 

They have freighted his ship the Falcon for a voyage to India and 
order him to use his best endeavours to get her into the Downs and 
from thence to Bantam, as wind and weather will permit. Give the 
usual directions concerning the voyage, keeping company with other 
ships, maintaining good order aboard his own, wearing the flag and 
bringing letters home. He is to have no communication with the Sultan 



320 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

of Bantam or his great men, except by leave of the Agent and Council, 
and not to visit them unless accompanied by some of the Cormcil. Pray 
for the prosperity of his voyage and a happy return. In a postscript 
Ledger is told to confer with Captain Horsman, commander of the Eagle, 
how best they may keep company as far as the Cape Verde Islands for 
mutual defence if attacked, and that the Company hope to send him 
orders for one of the King’s men-of-war to convoy him some good dis- 
tance from Land’s End. (i p.) 

A Court -OF Committees, December 5, 1679 (Court Book, vol. xxxi, 
P- 347 )- 

The Treasury Committee to take up, from and after the loth instant, 
what money they find the Company’s occasions require, at the rate of 
five per cent, payable March 30 next upon account of transient money ; 
they are also to renew as many of the bills now in creditors’ hands as 
can be done conveniently. Sir Samuel Bamardiston states that the gun- 
founder tells him the guns ordered for President Rolt will be of several 
weights and above 3 J foot long ; hereupon the Court give permission for 
these to be shipped, if they do not exceed eight tons. The owners of the 
Lancaster to be paid i,oooZ. in further part of her freight, Anthony 
Rawlins and Jacob David are admitted to the freedom by redemption. 
The Court is informed that Matthew Manwaring has been arrested for 
money he af&rms he received in India from the estate of the late Ambrose 
Salisbury, and paid into the Company’s cash before leaving India, being 
550 pagodas 25 fanams ; Manwaring prays that he may not suffer for 
obeying the orders of the Company in paying the said money into their 
cash. The Court consent if Manwaring gives (as he proposes) his bond to 
the Company in double the value, on condition that if the said money 
was not (as he afSrms) paid into the Company’s cash in India and 
entered in their books by January 20, 1679, he will pay it into the Com- 
pany’s cash in India with interest to the time of its payment there, at 
the usual rate of interest in that country. On Manwaring entering into 
this bond, the money is to be paid to the executors or administrators of 
the said Ambrose Salisbury. The Court, being told that a considerable 
quantity of gold and some silver has been seized on board the Eagle by 
the Customhouse officers, and that some persons are tr3dng to take 
passage in that ship for India contrary to the Company’s rules, order the 
Committee for Private Trade to cause a strict examination to be had to 
ascertain to whom the said gold and silver belongs, to whose custody it 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


321 


was committed, what coquets are pretended to be had for shipping it, 
and who were accessory to all this. Order is also given for officers or 
others belonging to the Company who are found guilty to be dismissed 
from their employment and not allowed to proceed in the voyage ; the 
Committee are also to see that only such as are really members of the 
ship's company axe permitted to take passage in her. (i J pp,) 

A Court of Committees, December 6, 1679 [Ibid., p. 348). 

The petition of Francis Crandon is read and referred for examination, 
and that of Sarali Hide is referred to the Committee for Private Trade 
to examine, and, after maMng up the account of the ship President for 
her late voyage, to do as they think fit about it. Three small cablets’^ to 
be provided by the Shipping Committee. A paper and proposals given 
in by Manwarmg are referred to the Coast and Bay Committee who are 
to state his account, consider the other particulars mentioned, and report 
their opinion. Sir Joseph Sheldon, Sir John Lethieulier, Sir William 
Langhome, and Joseph Heme are accepted in 250Z. apiece, (i,oooZ-), as 
security for Richard Mohun, a factor at Fort St. George. ( J p.) 

The Company to the Agent anb Council at Bantam, December 
6, 1679 [Letter Book, vol. vi, p. 112). 

In former letters they gave express order that Abel Payne, the late 
Agent, should return home to give an account of the management of the 
Company's affairs and of the death of Agent White, and more particular 
information of all he had discovered concerning the occasion and manner 
of ' the horrible murder'. They now find that Payne does not obey their 
orders, but ddays or refuses to return to give a satisfactory account of 
these matters ; this raises a suspicion that there may be some truth in 
those many whiq>eriag reports they have heard, but could not and are 
unwilling to believe, as if the murder was in some sort by his knowledge 
or consent. Therefore in order to do all that is possible to find out the 
truth and to secure their Agent and factors from similar attempts, they 
require and command them on receipt of this letter to seize the person 
of the said Payne, with all books, writings, and papers relating to him or 
found in his custody and send all on board their ship to be transported 
to England, with an inventory of the said papers, etc., which are to be 

^ Cablet. A «tTngU cable or cable-laid lope less than lo inches in circninference (Murray's 
Oxford English Dictionary). 

4372 Y 



323 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

sealed up and sent in the same vessel after copies have been taken of the 
most material. They are to take care that, of such effects as Pa3me shall 
claim in the country, satisfaction is made for what belongs to the Com- 
pany, and the rest, if any, may with his consent be sent to England or 
paid into the Company's cash there, to answer what, upon examination, 
shall be found due to them or to the estate of the late Agent White, 
which Payne took possession of on White's death. To all this they ex- 
pect ready and punctual compliance. (J 

A Court of Committees, December io, 1679 [Court Book, vol. xxxi, 
P- 349 )- 

Certain Committees to treat with the dyer now going to India about 
taking out a servant with him to be entertained to serve the Company 
for so many years at such wages as they shall judge reasonable, provide 
instruments necessary for the dyeing trade, and report their proceedings. 
A representation from Jacob Verspreet is read and referred to the Calico 
Warehouse Committee to ascertain how wrong bales of longcloth were 
delivered to Verspreet also how it was that more mulmuls were sent to 
him than he bought. It is moved that those Englishmen who have left 
the Company's service in the Indies and others who remain there, to the 
prejudice of the Company's trade, should be recalled, and order is given 
for this to be referred to a Committee of the whole Court who are to read 
the directions formerly given and sent this year touching this matter, 
and report what they think should be done. Bills from the smith and 
the bricklayer to be paid. Mr. Manwaring acknowledging that he paid 
into the Company’s cash at MasuHpatam for the account of John 
Crandon 141 pagodas 31 fanams and 3 cash, and is wiHing to pay this to 
the executors or administrators of the said Crandon in England at 85. 
the pagoda, on condition that he may have an order from Uie Court to 
receive it again at MasuHpatam if it shall there appear to have been 
brought in by him to the Company's cash before his last coining from 
India, to this the Court agree. Order is given for the Treasury Com- 
mittees to allow as much bullion and wrought plate as is permissible 
to be exported for account of the Company's factors, according to their 
degrees and the rules of the Company, on payment of one per cent freight. 
Areport touching the account of the late Matthew Gray is read, in which 
it is stated that it will be as well to defer payment of what is due until 
the receipt of fur^er advices by the next ships, but for satisfaction of 
the executors a year's interest should be allowed on what shall then 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


323 

appear to be due for balance, at the rate of four per cent ; the Court 
approve. Major John Blackmore, Governor of St. Helena, to be paid 
loot, in accordance with a report now read. Sambrooke to be permitted 
to ship out to the Fort some broadcloth, free of freight. The desires of 
the owners of the Sampson touching her last voyage are referred for 
consideration. The Husband is ordered not to permit any goods to be 
laden aboard any of the ships serving the Company until the owners and 
commanders have signed their charterparties. (2 pp.) 

A Court of Committees, December 12, 1679 p. 351). 

The account of Thomas Mayo to be examined and report made as to 
whether the covenants and security given by him may be delivered up 
as is desired. Robert Scattergood and Robert Master are accepted as 
security in 500/. for John Scattergood, who is admitted to the degree 
of a factor at Masulipatam. Some chintz returned in the Williamson and 
Society consigned to the late Thomas Vincent to be delivered to his 
widow, Maiy Vincent, free of stated damages and extraordinary freight. 
Sir Roger Hill and John Turner are admitted to the freedom by re- 
demption. Consideration is had of the desires of Sir Matthew Andrew^es 
and others about the building of a new three-decker which in 1675 was 
proposed to be built for Captain Jonathan Hyde ; the Court declare that 
no encouragement can be given to proceed with this, but rather dis- 
couragement, as there is no prospect of any employment for the ship. 
The owners of the Johanna to be paid i,oool., and the plasterer's bill to 
be examined and paid, (i p.) 

A Court of Committees, December 17, 1679 {Ibid., p. 352). 

The Stationer's bill, and the bills for tin ware and painters' work to 
be examined and paid. Treasure to be sent aboard the Sampson, 
Berkeley CasUe, and President as soon as convenient ; and the owners of 
these three vessds giving the names of their first, second, and third 
mates to go for this present voyage, the Court approve. Sir William 
Godolphin is admitted to the fre^om by redemption, George Wiltshire, 
surgeon in the Berkeley CasUe, is permitted to export 500 pieces of eight 
free of freight. Covenants and bonds entered into by the late Thomas 
Keck, a writer at Surat, to be delivered up. A gratuity of thirty guineas 
to be bestowed upon Sir Roger Strickland for his care and pains in con- 
voying the Company's homeward-bound ^ps this year to the Isle of 



324 COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 

Wight. Several reports touching the account of Richard Mohun are 
read, and approved by the Court ; in the last of these the charges de- 
manded by Mohun are called ‘pretended’ and not to be allowed, and it 
is said that upon the balance of his account before his last admission 
into the Company’s service he remains a debtor to the Company for 
258Z. 15s. 4d, The sum of 257/. los. is to be paid by the Husband, in 
gratuities to the Officers of His Majesty’s Customs in London. The 
account of David Moffet, a seaman in the Formosa, to be reported. Per- 
mission is given to the owners of the Sampson to ship out 2,400^. in 
foreign bullion as their joint stock, and 400Z. for the ship’s expense ; and 
to Captain Chamblet for himself, officers, and men, 500Z. in foreign 
bullion also two spare anchors of unwrought iron, and twenty firearms 
for the ship’s use, aH free of freight. A report is read from the Com- 
mittees touching the proposals made by Matthew Manwaring, these 
are debated, several amendments made, and finally the report is 
approved by the Court, (aj pp) 

A Court of Committees, December 18, 1679 {Court Book, voL 
xxxi, p. 354). 

Apetition is read from AndrewCrawley praymgthat a legal trial may 
be ordered in India of the person accused of having been the occasion of 
the death of his son, Robert Crawley, a factor at Masulipatam. Man- 
waring is told of the petition and ordered to answer to-morrow morning 
to the charges against him, seen in several examinations sent to the 
Company, concerning this business. He is also to give an account of 
900 pagodas he received for charges disbursed by him when Second at 
Masulipatam, which Mohun during his chiefship did not think fit to- 
allow, and of money he received for diet and peons* wages during his. 
suspension, contrary to the Company’s rules, also an account touching 
severe punishment inflicted upon an Indian native. The owners of the 
President to be allowed to ship out 2,400^. in foreign bullion for their 
joint stock, and 400Z. for the ship’s provision, free of freight ; also 800Z. 
in foreign bullion for the commander and officers of the said ship. A 
gratuity not to exceed 14Z. to be bestowed upon two of the officers in the 
Tower, as was done last year. The Court, being told that there is a sflk- 
dyer who wishes to serve the Company as a soldier at the Fort and as a 
dyer should there be any occasion, desire certain Committees to ascertain 
the qualifications of this man, his behaviour, and, if they judge fit, enter-^ 
tain him. (i^.) 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


325 


A Court of Committees, December 19, 1679 [Ibid., p. 356). 

President Rolt to have the quarter-part of the freight received on the 
diamonds returned in the Sampson that were not on register. On peti- 
tion, Edward Rogers, chaplain in the President, is to have the stated 
damages due on a parcel of aloes socotrina he brought back in the said 
ship remitted, as they will not jield the prime cost he paid. The follow- 
ing permissions are granted: to Samuel Herv’ey to export to the value 
of 500Z. in foreign bullion pacing one per cent freight ; to Nathaniel 
Letton to ship out 210 oz. of wrought plate, one gold medal and two 
pictures freight free; to Mr. Watts to ship out to the value of 300/. in 
foreign bullion for account of Lieutenant Wibus at the Fort, the pro- 
ceeds of silk sent from thence, but for these last the Committee for 
Private Trade are to ascertain whether the stated damages have been 
paid, and, if so Mr. Watts is to pay one per cent as a freeman. The loss 
sustained by the owners of the Sampson and President in their last 
voyage to Surat is referred for further consideration. Paul Eliot one of 
the trustees of the late Sir Stephen White is admitted to the freedom 
gratis, [xp) 

A Court of Committees, December 23, 1679 [Ibid., p. 357). 

The Court direct that 20L be distributed among the poor of Poplar by 
the Pa5nnaster of the Mariners. Sir Samuel Bamardiston and Mrs. 
Ayloff, widow, axe accepted as security in 500?. for William AylofE, 
factor at Masulipatam ; and Richard Barker and John Mordock are 
accepted as security in 1,000/. for Matthew Manwaring, Second at 
Hugh. The following permissions are granted for export of foreign 
bullion on payment of one per cent : to John Cook for the use of Thomas 
Lucas, 4 oz. of gold; to Jane Harrison, widow, 100/. in bullion; to 
Captain William Basse, for account of Agent Master, 146 oz. of silver ; 
and to Sir William Langhome for three yards of scarlet, three yards of 
other cloth, and one bri^e and saddle, on pa3nnent of freight. The de- 
sires of the owners of the Sampson and President are debated, but again 
deferred for consideration, (i p) 

A Court of Committees, December 24, 1679 [lUd., p. 358). 

Permission to be granted to the owners of the Berkeley Castle to ship 
out to the value of 1,600/. in foreign bullion for their joint stock, and 
800/. for account of the commander and ofBicers of the said ship. A 
petition from Andrew Crawley is read, in which he prays that Matthew 



326 COURT MINUTES. ETC., OF THE 

Manwaring may be brought to a legal trial in India touching the death 
of his son, Robert Crawley, late factor at Masulipatam; several ex- 
aminations in this case axe read with Manwaring’s reply to them, and 
after debate the Court opine that a trial should be granted against 
Manwaring in India by virtue of His Majesty’s charter. The examina- 
tions of John Heathfidd, surgeon, and others against Manwaring about 
his causing a Gentoo* to be burnt with matches in his fingers and toes 
said to be the occasion of his death, and Manwaring’s answers to these 
are also read, and after a long debate it is put to the ballot whether 
Manwaring shall be dismissed from the Company’s service until he shall 
have deared himself of these charges, and the votes being foimd equal, 
ten for and ten against, the matter is not decided, (f p.) 

A Court of Committees, December 29, 1679 {Court Book, vol. xxxi, 
P- 358). 

Permission is granted to Captain Samuel Chamblet to ship out in the 
Sampson to the value of i,oooZ. in foreign bullion payiag one per cent 
freight, he declaring that this money is his own, not taken up upon 
bottomry, and for his own account. James Houblon is permitted to 
export to the value of 50Z. in bullion for account of Mr. Wilcox, a factor, 
on paymg freight, and Thomas Canham to export forty-five pagodas for 
the accoimt of Mr. Sayon, freight free. The Shipping Committee to 
entertain — Elkin to serve the Company as a soldier at the Fort, he to 
take passage in one of the ships now going out. The petition of Thomas 
Davies is referred for consideration. Marble beads to the value of 30/. 
or 40/. to be bought and sent to Fort St. George. Edward Wheeler and 
John Mayne are accepted as security in 500?. for James Wheeler, factor 
at the Fort. The Committee of the Calico Warehouse to see that no 
encroachments or buildings are made by the Clerk of the market upon 
the Company’s warehouses at LeadenhaU or upon the stairs leading up 
to any of the towers. (J^.) 

A Court or Committees, December 31, 1679 p. 360). 

A report from the Surat Committee touching further provision of 
goods and stores to be sent to Surat and Bombay is read, a list of those 
considered necessary is given ; the Court approve and desire the Com- 
mittee for Buying Goods to provide these upon the best terms procur- 

* A conniption of the Portuguese Geniio, a *a gentfle’ or heathen which they applied to 
the Hindus in contradistinction to the Moros or ‘Moors*, i,e. Muhammadans. See Yule 
and Burnell's Hobsonrjobson, 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


327 

able. It is resolved that bullion to the value of 100,000/. shall be pro- 
vided and sent to Surat by this year's ships, the Treasury Committee to 
see to this accordingly. The debate on charges against Matthew Man- 
waring is resumed, and after serious consideration it is decided that he 
shall not go as the Company’s ser\"ant to India, but that he shall be 
allowed to return in the Company’s shipping to look after his own con- 
cerns and be allowed free a passage for himself and his black sen-’ant. 
The Committee for the Coast and Bay to meet this afternoon and draw 
up a clause to be inserted in the general letter about Manwaring, pur- 
suant to the several votes and resolutions of the Court. Norton Curtis is 
admitted to the freedom by redemption. The petition of George Wescot 
is referred for consideration. The Agent and Council at Fort St. George 
to be empowered to conclude the dispute and accounts depending 
between the Company and William Jerzey, formerly Chief at Masuli- 
patam. 

The Company to Captain Wuxiam Talbot, December 31, 1679 
{LeUer Book, voL vi, p. 151). 

They understand that contrary to their express rules six persons have 
been entertained in his ship's company who are not His Majesty's sub- 
jects, and others who are, have been discharged to make room. Also 
that ten tuns of beer short of the usual proportion have been shipped 
which may prove prejudicial to the seamen during the voyage. They 
order Talbot to discharge and put ashore all these 'straingers' and 
entertain English men in their stead, and to make up his complement of 
beer to avoid any ‘inconvenience'. They are also told that the after 
staple of the scuttle of the bread room, on which the ofiScers had a pad- 
lock, has been drawn, which arouses suspicion that some prohibited 
goods have been put there, the Company therefore order a strict inquiry 
to be made about this, to prevent any inconvenience arising from any 
fraudulent practice of the officers or others to the owners or to the 
Captain and that an account be sent to them, they having ordered their 
surveyor to make a search. Direct him to lose no time in getting his ship 
into the Downs and so seize the first fair wind to proceed on his voyage. 

(l^) 

The Company to Captain Samuel Chamblet, December 31, 1679 
(Ibid., p. 151). 

They have freighted his ship the Sampson, the Berkeley Castle, com- 



COURT MINUTES, ETC. 


328 

by C aptain Talbot, and the President, commanded by Captain 
Jonathan Hyde, all three to go to the Coromandel Coast and the Bay of 
Bengal. Desire that they make the best endeavours to get into the 
Downs, and at the first opportunity sail in company to the Island of 
St. lago. Give the usual directions for the voyage as to keeping with 
others of the Company’s ships, maintaining good order aboard his 
vessel, etc. Recommend him to the protection of the Almighty, (ij pp.) 



TRANSFERS OF STOCK, 1677-1679 

NEW GENERAL STOCK 


(Unless otherwise specified, half the nominal amount had been 

paid up.) 

1677 

5 Jan. Judith Davison to Thomas Methwold, 500Z. 

10 „ Susan Evans and Michael Evans to Sir Nathaniel Heme, looi. 

9 Feb. George Willoughby to John Pennington, 500/. 

„ „ Humphrey Edwyn to John Pennington, 500/. 

„ „ Nicholas Reynardson to Humphrey Edwyn, 50/. 

„ „ Nicholas Reynardson to Peter Paravicini, 200/. 

„ „ John Johnson to Edvrard Rumball, 500Z. 

„ „ Edward Rumball to John Culling, 500/. 

„ „ Susan and Michael Evans to Antonio Twine, 400^. 

„ „ Susan and Michael Evans to Edward Boverie, lool. 

„ „ Susan and Michael Evans to Sir Nathaniel Heme, lool. 


„ „ Thomas Rodbard to John Pickering, 500Z. 

„ „ Richard BagnaU to Thomas Baylie, 50of. 

„ „ Richard Bagnall to Anne Granes, 500/. 

„ „ Timothy Drake to Antonio Twine, 187^. los. 

„ „ Abraham Otgher to Hu. Norris, 800/. 

28 „ Sir Samuel Bamardiston and Samuel M.oy&[ to Thomas 
Langham, i,oooi. 

„ „ Thomas Langham, John Farrer, and Rebekah his wife to 
John Paige, 3,6iri. 6s. 6d. 

„ „ Thomas Langham and Henry Newton to Dr. Joseph Taylor, 
6s. 6 d. 

„ „ John Paige to Thomas Langham, 6s. 6 d. 

„ „ Philip Milward to Gerard Lloyd, 333/. 6s. 8d. 

„ „ Dr. Joseph Taylor to Elizabeth Albyn, 200I. 

„ „ Willmm Tmdove to Anna Daval, lool. 

28 Mar. Thomas Tyte to Bmjamin Coles, 750I. 

„ „ Susanna Earning to John Addis, i,oool, 

„ „ Edward Whiting to Sir Joseph Sheldon, i,oool. 

4 Apr. Humphrey Holcomb to Sir Theophilus Bidulph, x,oool, 

,, „ Humphrey Holcomb to Christopher Boone, 300!. 

„ „ Humphrey Holcomb to James Ward, 300!. 

„ „ Robert Burdet to John Upton, 500I. 

„ „ Robert Burdet to John Pettiwaxd, 500I. 

12 Apr. Ann Daval to Nathaniel Letten, 2,025/. 

„ „ Nathanid Letten to Ann Daval, 937/. 

„ „ Nathanid Letten to Thomas Daval, 1,080/. 

30 May George Lord Berkdey to Henry Johnson, 500/* 



COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 


330 

1677 
30 May 


I June 


27 „ 


29 „ 
13 July 

17 Aug. 


f) 

22 


)> 


29 „ 


5 Sept. 

t> *» 

:2 „ 

3 Oct. 


5 » 


}» 


George Lord Berkeley to Henry Johnson, 500Z. 

Jeremy Sambrooke to George Lord Berkeley, 50/. 

Sir Thomas Bludworth to iSchard Hutchinson, 800I. 

Sir Nathaniel Heme to Joseph Heme, 100/. 

Samuel Hellish, Thomas Pillmgton, and William Gore, Exe- 
cutors of Walter Hampton, to Arthur Betsworth, 350Z. 
Meliora Drax and Robert Pye to Ursula Drax, 400Z. 
Elizabeth and Henry Hughes to Josia Child, 937/. los. 

Josia Child to Elizabeth Hughes, 937?. los. 

Ursula Drax to James Ward, 400k 
Andrew Baker to Charles Duncomb, 500/. 

Thomas Townsend to Sir Nathaniel Heme, 200L 
Robert Winnington to Captain Arnold Browne, 400/. 

Peter Daniel to the estate of Quarles Browne, 500Z. 

Mary Sambrooke to the estate of Quarles Browne, 200L 
William Roberts to Francis Gregory, 250Z. 

William Roberts to Fenton Binns, 250Z. 

Thomas Carpenter to Susan Carpenter, 500L 
John Addis to Abraham Clark, 200L 
John Addis to Richard Paget, 500Z. 

John Addis to William Barham, 200L 
John Addis to Abraham Clark, loo?. 

Sir John Moore to Sir Henry Bernard in tmst for Thomas 
Willoughby, an iafant, 500Z. 

Jeremy Sambrooke to George Lord Berkeley, 650Z. 

Sir John Moore to Captain Arnold Browne, 600I 
Thomas Aldworth to Sir John Mathewes, 500L 
Sir Henry Tulce to Sir John Mathewes, 600L 
William Jarret to George Willoughby, 1,200?. 

William Allen to Robert Pancefort and Thomas Beercliff in 
tmst for Grace Allen, 1,000?. 

Samuel Reade to Charles Chamberlam, 300?. 

Henry Johnson to the Stock and credit of QuarlesBrowne, 500?. 
Samuel Hellish, Thomas PiUdnton, and William Gore to 
Benjamin Coles, 250?. 

George Lord Berkeley to Sir William Turner, 100?. 

George Lord Berkeley to Sir William Turner, 550?. 

Abraham Dolms to Charles Chamberlain, 200?. 

Abraham Dolins to Michael Godfry, 600?. 

Nathaniel Letton to Jeremy Sambrooke, 2,505?. 

John Addis to Edward Bolle, 500?. 

Robert Bridges and his wife Margaret, Francis Hodges, and 
Margaret his wife to William Bridges, 2,175?, 

Samuel Hellish, Thomas PiUdnton, and Wilham Gore to 
Angell Hampton, 1,000?. 

Francis Archer to Theophilus Archer, 200?. 


31 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


331 


1677 
9 Nov. 

16 „ 


Jt n 

5 Dec. 
>> 

}j ft 
ft t> 


ff > 

12 ,, 


14 » 

ft ft 

1678 
23 Jan. 

f» tJ 
ft ft 
ft ft 
ft ft 
ft ft 
ft ft 
ff ft 
ft ft 
St tf 
ft tf 
tf ft 
ft ft 
ft ft 
ft SI 
ft If 
>1 If 
SI ft 


Robert Pauncefort and Robert Bearclif by consent of William 
Alien and his wife Grace to John Panton, 1,000/. 
Edward Ash to Richard Hutchinson, 1,000/. 

Abraham Dolins to Humphrey Edwin, 960/. 

Daniel Sheldon to Edward \^liiting, 1,000/. 

Richard Hutchinson to Robert Cook, 500/. 

John Herbert to Abraham Jacob, 1,000/. 

John Christopher Meyeme to John West, 500/. 

Francis Thacker to Kchard Hutchinson, 500/. 

Edward Bushel and Thomas Fermin to Humphrey Nichol, 
180/. 

Humphrey Nichol to John Upton, i 8 o 7 . 

Ann Martel to Benjamin Thoroughgood, 1,000/. 

Abraham Dolins to Humphrey Edwin, 1,000/. 

Peter and James Duncane to Charles Chamberlain, 1,000/. 
Thomas Martin to John Cholmley, 500/. 

Anne Barowdale and Benjamin Andrews to Francis Thomp- 
son, 250/. 

Stephen Thomley to Roger Jackson, 600/. 

Mary Meade to John Hail, 500/. 

Susan Earning to John Cholmly, 1,000/. 

William Brown to John Cholmly, 500/. 

John Cholmly to William Brown, 500/. 

Francis Thompson to Robert Blackbome, 150/. 

John Panton to Thankful Owen, 400/. 

Susan Wildgoose to Hugh Norris, 500/. 

Sir John Thomson to Jeremy Sambrooke, 1,200/. 

Sir John Thomson to John Doggett, 400/. 

Sir John Thomson to Hugh Norris, 600/. 

Henry Powell to Roger Braddyl, 1,000/. 

Sir John Moore to Jeremy Sambrooke, 300/. 

Richard Foot to Robert Masters, 200/. 

Sir William Thomson to Peter Daniel, 500/. 

Sir William Thomson to Isaac Sawbridge, 500/, 

Humphrey Edwin to Sir William Turner, 47/. 15s. 8 d, 
William Ashurst to Sir William Thomson, 800/. 

Sir William Thomson to Sir Stephen White, 1,000/. 

Sir William Thomson to Henry Powell, 1,000/. 

Francis Thomson to Robert Blackbome, 1,000/. 

Sir William Thomson to Edward Bolle, 500/. 

Sir William Thomson to Francis Tyson, 500/. 

Sir William Thomson to Thomas DavaU, 500/. 

Francis Tyson to John Sheffeild, 500/. 

Peter Herringhooke to John Sheffeild, 500/. 

Peter Golsthorpe to William Sedgwick, 800/. 



COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 


332 

1678 
23 Jan. 
>> 

6 „ 

8 Feb. 


15 .. 


>i if 
20 „ 


a if 

4 Mar. 


if 

20 


if 

if 


if it 

27 .. 

a it 

12 Apr. 


17 » 


it a 

I May 


3 M 


8 


it 

it 


it ti 


17 .. 

28 „ 
14 June 


it ti ^ 


John Sheffeild to Abraham Dolins, 1,000/. 

Thomas Davall to Francis Pargiter, 250/. 

Jeffery Brock to Arthur Riccard, 100/. 

Samuel MeUish, Thomas Pilkington, and William Gore to 
Samuel Reade, 400/. 

Christopher Thomhnson to Abraham Dolins, 2,000/. 

Edward Smyth to Thomas Goddard, 500/. 

Sir William Thomson to Thomas Daval, 500/. 

Thomas Wilson to Richard Sterne, 400/. 

George Willoughby to William Jarret, 500/. 

Thomas Adryaii to John Cholmley, 1,000/. 

Thomas Wilson to Hugh Norris, 500/. 

William Little to Roger Bradil, 500/. 

Abraham Dolins to Daniel Faringdon, 1,000/. 

WiUiam Hedges to Jeremy Sambrooke, 1,597/. 

Leonard Bates to Abraham Dolins, 600/. 

John Godscall to James Vanattan, 500/. 

John Godscall to Elizabeth Serle, 500/. 

John West to Christopher Meyeme, 500/. 

John Godschal to George Lord Berkeley, 500/. 

Sir Henry Barnard to James Lord Chandos, 1,000/. 

Joan Wood and John Bence to Richard Booth, 2,000/. 
Richard Booth to John Bence, 2,000/. 

William Bridges to James Lord Chandos, 2,175/. 

Silvanus Morgan to Sir Samuel Bamardiston, 200/. 

John Bull to Richard Booth, 1,000/. 

John Heames to Henry Serle, 200/. 

John Stackhouse to ThankefuU Owen, 250/. 

Thankefull Owen to John Stackhouse, 250/. 

Sir Nathaniel Heme to George Lord Berkeley, 1,300/. 

Sir Nathaniel Heme to Sir William Turner, 500/. 

Sir Nathaniel Heme to Marie Boone, 200/. 

Susan and John Hall to John Paige, 1,000/. 

John Paige to John Hall, 1,000/. 

Robert Masters to Thomas Daval, 25/. 

Sir Arthur Ingram to Jeremy Sambrooke, 1,000/. 

Sir Arthur Ingram to Richard Craddock, 1,000/. 

Thomas Langham to Richard Sterne, 500/. 

Henry Crispe to Richard Gimstone, 500/. 

Samuel MeUish, Thomas Pilkinton, and William Gore to 
Jeremy Sambrooke, 1,000/. 

George Lord Berkeley to Humphrey Edwin, 300/. 

Sir Samuel Bamardiston to Sylvanus Morgan, 200/. 
Benjamin Shute to Thomas Townsend, 237/. 

S^uel Lee to Sir Henry Bernard, 200/. 

Sir Kingsmill Lucie to Thomas Tite, 500/. 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


333 


1678 
14 Jtine 


5 JiJy 

19 .. 


39 33 

2 Aug. 


9 .. 


30 » 


39 33 

33 33 

93 93 

33 33 

33 33 

20 Sept. 


18 Oct. 

33 33 

30 » 


33 33 

20 Nov. 


27 .. 


29 » 

6 Dec. 


, 39 


93 


Roland Wynne to Sir Henry Bernard, 300/. 

William Ashworth to Dame Elizabeth Hooke, 500/. 

Hen^ Crispe to Sir Henry Bernard, 500/, 

Ben j amin Coles toThomas Hancock and William Moyer, 2,000/* 
John Cholmley to Charles Herbert, 1,000/. 

Jeffery Thomas to Daniel Thomas, 2,000/. 

Henry Powel to Sir Henry Barnard, 500/. 

Sir Thomas Bludworth to Sir William Turner, 1,000/. 
Richard Whittel to Nathaniel Skottow, 300/. 

Thomas Langham to James Pickering, 500/, 

Abraham Dolins to George Lord Berkeley, 1,000/. 

John Buckworth to William Goulston, 1,000/. 

William Goulston to Benjamin Bathurst, 500/. 

William Goulston to Benjamin Newland, 500/. 

Sir William Thomson to John Sewell, 500/. 

Sir William Thomson to George Torriano, 200/. 

Sir William Thomson to Peter Paravicini, 1,000/. 

Sir William Thomson to Thomas Crispe, 1,000/. 

Sir William Thomson to Walter Overbury, 500/. 

Sir William Thomson to Jer. Snow, 500/. 

Sir William Thomson to William Jairet, 700/. 

Sir William Thomson to Thomas Gray, 500/. 

Rowland Ingram to Peter Daniel, 500/. 

Abraham Allen to John Cooke, 100/. 

Sir William Thomson to James Winstanley, 2,000/. 

William Ashurst to Leonard Robinson, 533/. 6s. 8 d. 

Isaac Delillers to John Addis, 500/. 

John Cholmley to Thomas Winter, 1,000/. 

Charles Foster to George Arnold, 400/. 

Thomas Goodwyn Junior to Samuel Read, 100/. 

John Mascall to Rdph Marshall, 200/. 

John Mascall to Thomas Winter, 925/. 

Mary Daniel to John Hall, 500/. 

John Hall to Mary Hall, 500/. 

Mary Daniel to Peter Daniel, 500/. 

Mary Daniel to Henry and Sara Powell, 500/. 

Katherine Davadge to William Barkham, 400/* 

William Barkham to Humphrey Edwyn, 100/. 

Alice Perryer to Joseph Dawson, 500/. 

Alice Perryer to Joas Bateman, 500/. 

Jane AUington to Henry Stafford, 1,000/. 

Edw. BoUe to Sydney Godolphin, 1,000/. 

William Gulstone to John Paige, 2,000/. 

Jane Allington to Henry Stafford, 1,000/. 

John Paige to William Goulston, 2,000/, 

Alvaro da Costa to Sir John Moore, 500/. 



COURT MINUTES. ETC., OF THE 


334 

1678 
6 Dec. 


a 

II » 

fy yy 
yy yy 
yy yy 

1679 
3 Ja“- 

yy yy 

15 » 

yy yy 
yy yy 

29 Jan. 

yy yy 
yy yy 
yy yy 
yy yy 
yy yy 
yy yy 
yy yy 
yy yy 
yy yy 

7 Feb. 


yy yy 

10 Max. 


yy yy 
yy yy 
yy yy 
yy yy 
yy yy 
yy yy 
' yy yy 
yy yy 
yy yy 
yy yy 


John Mead to Thomas Cooke, x 66 L 13s. 4^. 

George and Richard Johnston to Thomas Pinfold, 300/. 
Henry Nelthorp to Richard AUie, i,oooZ. 

Mary Hobby to Sir John Barnard, 400Z. 

Christopher Foster to Sir John Barnard, looZ. 

Judith Davison to Sir Nathaniel Heme, 625/. 

Judith Davison to Joseph Heme, 500Z- 

George Lord Berkeley to Lord Ferrers, i,ooo/. 

William Rousbie to John Dubois, 200Z. 

John West to John Paige, 300Z. 

Richard Booth to Charles Chamberlain, i,oooZ. 

Daniel Thomas to Samuel Powell, i,oooZ. 

Samuel Thomson to John Cooke, looZ. 

Richard Sprigg to Samuel Manesty, 500Z. 

John Buckworth to Hugh Norris, 500Z. 

John Buckworth to Robert Blackbome, 200Z. 

Sir John Thomson to Shem Bridges, i,oooZ. 

Robert Shaw to Thomas Cooke, 375Z* 

John Buckworth to John Panton, 300Z. 

Richard Alie to William Goulstone, i,oooZ. 

William Goulstone to Richard Alie, i,oooZ. 

Peter Paravicini to Edw. BoUe, 500Z. 

Peter Paravacene to James Ward, 200Z. 

Peter Paravacene to Edward Adams, 250Z. • 

Peter Paravacene to Humphrey Edwin, 50Z. 

John Cholmley to Jane Burrough, 400/. 

William Beeke to Sir John Moore, looZ. 

Peter Paravacene to John Sewel, 200Z. 

Sir Nathaniel Heme to James Hudson, 200Z. 

Sir Nathaniel Heme to Sir Henry Barnard, 500Z. 

Thomas Langham to John Duboys, 800Z. 

Sir Nathaniel Heme to Dame Mary Clayton, 400Z. 

Jane AUiagton to the Hono.^^® Charles Bertie, 500Z. 

Sh William Thomson to Richard Sterne, 500Z. 

Sir William Turner to Sir Thomas Bludworth, ,i,oooZ. 
Robert Winnington to John Chomley, 200Z. 

Stephen White and Susanna Orme to John Paige, I2,200L 
John Paige to Stephen White, I2,200Z. 

Mary Clarke to Peter Vincke, 200L 
Nicholas Cooke to Peter Paravidne, 600Z. 

Sh James Edwards to Henry Crispe, 2,oooZ. 

Sh James Edwards to Samuel Powell, i,oooZ. 

Henry Powell to Shem Bridges, i,oooZ. 

Nicholas Morsse and Peter Cullen to John Cully, 250Z. 
Nicholas Morsse and Peter Cullen to Abraham CuUy, 250Z. 



EAST INDIA COMPANY 


335 


1679 
10 Mar. 

ft ft 
ft ft 
ft ft 
tf ft 



ft ft 

2 Apr. 


ft ft 

4 » 


ft 

10 


ft 

ft 


7 May 


ft tf 

14 » 

ft ft 
ft tf 
ft tr 

27 May 


ft ft 

4 June 

tf ft 
tf ft 



ft ft 


Abraham Dolins to Thomas Kelsey, i,oooZ. 

Grace Hill to Thomas Canham, 500L 
Thomas Canham to Grace Hill, 500/. 

Thomas Townsend to John Stock, 237/. los, 

Timothy Drake to Jolm Socket, 187/. 105. 

John Cholmly to Sir Henry Dacres, 1,000/. 

Edward Whiting to Daniel Sheldon, 1,000/. 

Henry Powell to Sir Joseph Ash, 2,000/. 

John Drake to Edward Whiting, 200/. 

James Butler and John Hicks to Jeremy Sambrooke, 800/. 
Jeremy Sambrooke to James Butler, 800/. 

Elizabeth Lloyd to John Cooke, 433/. 6$. &/. 

Jasper Mawdit to Sir Henry Barnard, 500/. 

Charles Bertie to Justus Otgher, 500/. 

Sir Henry Dacres to Robert Blackbome, 2,000/. 
Christopher Boone to Elizabeth Lloyd, 450/. 

Robert Wynington to Humphrey Edwin, 200/. 

John Pettiward to Charles Thorold, 200/. 

Elizabeth Lloyd to Charles Thorold, 450/. 

George Cole to Thomas Austen, 350/. 

Sir John Peake to Nathaniel Letton, 2,100/. 

Dr. Peter Barwick to Nathaniel Letton, 500/. 

William Northey to Robert Blackbome, 100/. 

William Northey to William Sedgwick, 525/. 

Ursula Drax to William Gostwick, 200/. 

Peter Houblon Sen.^ to Robert Oldisworth, 300/. 

Benjamin Ducane to Robert Oldisworth, 200/. 

Henry and Sarah Powell to Samuel Powell, 500/. 

Samuel Powell to Hemy Powell, 500/. 

ThankefuU Owen to John Panton, 200/. 

ThankefuU Owen to Thomas Kelsey, 100/. 

Richard Mosse to ThankefuU. Owen, 500/. 

Abraham Dolins to Thomas Canham, 1,000/. 

Stephen White to Jeremy Sambrooke, 2,200/. 

Stephen White to Peter Paravicini, 2,800/. 

WUliam Sedgwick to William Moses, 800/. 

Benjamin Barron to Charles Chamberlaine, 400/. 

Thomas Langham to Sir Nathaniel Heme, 250/. 

Thomas Langham to Joseph Heme, 250/. 

Francis Chamberlaine to Hei^ GrifiSth, 1,000/. 

Henry Griffith to Sir Nathanid Heme, 500/. 

Henry Griffith to Joseph Heme, 500/. 

Silvanus Morgan to Ama Taylor, 200/. 

Robert Bodington to Anna Taylor, 200/. 

Robert Bodin^on to Edmond Bury, 300/. 

Robert Bodington to Humphrey Edwin, 100/, 



COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE 


336 

1679 
18 June 
20 „ 

27 .. 

ft 

II July 


18 


9 } 


99 99 

23 „ 


99 99 

6 Aug. 


27 » 


99 99 


5 Sept. 


99 

12 


99 

99 


17 


I Oct. 


99 99 


Abraham Cully to John Cully, 250Z. 

Alvaro da Costa to Sir Nathaniel Heme, 200L 
Charles Godolphin to Sir Arthur Ingram, 400Z. 

Samuel Manesty to Joseph Heme, 500Z. 

Thomas James to Sir Nathaniel Herne, 200L 
Thomas James to Thomas Methwold, 162Z. los. 

Thomas James to Joseph Heme, 200Z. 

Hester Watkins and Richard and Susan Merr3nveather to 
Thomas Frederick, 150Z. 

Christopher and Edmond Alesburie to Thomas Coles, 650/. 
Christopher and Edmond Alesburie to Edmond Burie, looZ. 
John Bathurst to Susanna Tomlins, 2,834/. 7 ^- 
Susanna Tomlins to John Bathurst, 2,834/. 7 ^- 6 d. 

Fenton Binns to Robert Blackbome, 250/. 

Daniel Rawlinson to Thomas Rawlinson, 3,300/. 

Thomas Faiington to Sir Nathaniel Heme, 300/. 

Thomas Farington to Joseph Herne, 300/. 

John Brand to Samuel Smyth, 500/. 

Daniel Rawlinson to John Rawlinson, 1,000/. 

Daniel Rawlinson to John Honnor, 1,000/. 

Robert Blackbome to Sir Josia Child, 2,000/. 

John Sewel to Sir Josia Child, 500/. 

Humphrey Edwin to Sir Robert Knightly, 200/. 

Richard Hutchinson to Sir Josia Child, 2,320/. 

Thomas Martin to George Willoughby, 500/. 

Thomas Norman to Robert Blackbome, 200/. 

Ursula Drax to Sir Hen^ Barnard, 200/. 

Katherine Davidge to Sir Josia Child, 1,450/. 

Humphrey Edwin to Richard Hutchinson, 20/. 

John Upton to Sir Henry Barnard, 500/. 

John Upton to Humphrey Edwin, 280/. 

Robert Blackbome to Francis Thompson, 150/. 

Joseph Heme, executor to Sir Nathaniel Heme, to George 
Townsend, 200/. 

George Townsend to Edward Rudge, 200/. 

Abraham Dolins to Christopher Thomlinson, 1,000/. 

Thomas Kelsey, Junior, to James Ward, 500/. 

Katherine relict of Richard Davidge to John Cudworth, 500/. 
Nicholas Salter to Peter Daniel, 500/. 

Leonard Robinson to Sir Josia Child, 533/. 6s. 8 d, 

Nathaniel Letton to Sir John Peake, 2,100/. 

Charles Chamberlain to Sir Josia Child, 800/. 

Charles Chamberlain to Sir Arthur Ingram, 600/. 

John Addis to Sir Henry Barnard in trust for Sir Francis 
Willoughby, 500/. 

William Moses to William Sedgwick, 800/. 



337 


I Oct. 
8 „ 


22 




ff t» 

27 Nov. 


9* » 

99 99 

99 99 

99 99 

99 99 

28 „ 
10 Dec. 

99 99 

99 99 

99 99 

99 99 

99 99 

99 99 



23 


4372 


EAST INDIA COMPANY 

Joseph Heme to Thomas Frederick, 250/. 

Mary Delillers to Sir Arthur Ingram, i,oooZ. 

John Panton to Francis Tyssen, Junior, 400/. 

Humphrey Morrey to Thomas Turner, 200L 
Thomas Kelsey, Junior, to Sir Josia Child, 100/. 

Thomas Kelsey to Sewell, 500Z. 

John Rawlinson to Richard Jackson, 500L 
John Rawlinson to Sir John and Christopher Lethieulier, 500/. 
Judith Gold to James Gold, 500Z. 

Sir Benjamin Newland to Thomas Gray, 500/. 

John Buckworth to Ralph Marsahll, 500Z. 

John Buckworth to Thomas Rider, 2,oooZ. 

John Cudworth to John Cooke, 100/. 

Thomas Papillon to Philip Papillon, 500Z. 

John Harrison to Robert Harrison, 200L 
Sir John and Christopher Lethieulier to Samuel Lethieulier, 
i,oooZ. 

Sir John and Christopher Lethieulier to Joseph Heme, i,oooZ. 
Joseph Heme to Christopher Lethieulier, i,oooZ. 

Anthony Christopher to Richard Sterne, 500Z. 

Thomas Wilson to Thomas Papillon, 10^. 

Thomas Tite to Ralph Marshall, 1,000/. 

Daniel Sheldon to Edw. Whiting, i,oooZ. 

James Pickering to Leonard Robinson, 500Z. 

Joseph Crane to James Sothesby, looZ, 

Thomas Faringdon to Sir Joseph Ashe, 300Z. 

Sir James Edwards to Sir Joseph Ashe, 1,700/. 

Sir James Edwards to Thomas Papillon, 300/. 

James Van Acker to Sir Joseph Sheldon, 500/. 

George Lord Berkeley to Ant.® Rawlins, 400Z. 

Sir John Banks to James Ward, 500/. 

Sir John Banks to Thomas Kelsey, Junior, 1,500/. 

Thomas Farington to Sir Henry Barnard in trust for Thomas 
Willoughby, 300Z. 

Sir John Banks to John Duboys, 500/. 

Sir John Banks to James Ward, 500/. 

Sir John Banks to Thomas Kel^y, Junior, 1,500/. 

Sir John Banks to William Barkham, 400/. 

Sir John Banks to Humphrey Edwyn, 100/. 

George Earl of Berkeley to John Turner, 1,000/. 

Sir John Moore to Mary Povey, 200/. 

Sir John Moore to Thomas Kelsey, Junior, 300/. 

Sir John Moore to Edward Bovery, 500/. 

Francis Godolphin to Sir William Godolphin, 1,200/. 

Stephen White to Dr. EUiot, 3,400/. 

Edward BoUe to John Dubois, 500/. 

George Earl of Berkeley to Sir Roger Hill, 500/- 
z 



APPENDIX 

Valuation of all Remains of the General Joint Stock undivided, 

MADE PURSUANT TO THE PREAMBLE DATED THE i6tH MaRCH, 1644, 
DIRECTING IT TO BE DONE EVERY SEVEN YEARS (^CouH Book, VOl. 31, 

p. 40). 

London, ist June, 1678. The Adventurers in the General Joint Stock 
of the Honb^®* East India Company are: 

Dead Stock Quick Stock 
Creditors £ $, d, £ 5. d. 

By the Presidency of Surat for their 
and subordinate Factories at Bilia- 
patam, Dungom,^ Karwar, Rajapur, 

Calicut, Broach, and Gombroon in 
Persia, dead and quick stock, the des- 
perate debts being deducted . . 39,691 o o 278,478 18 6 

For Bombay Island, the Fort on it, 

its meliority, and new buildings . ‘ . 60,000 00 — _ — 

For the revenues and privileges in 

Persia 20,000 00 — — — 

By the Agency of Fort St. George, for 
their and subordinate Factories (at 
Machlipatan,^ Madapollam, Hugh, 

Balasore, Kasimbazar, Dacca, and 
Patna), dead and quick stock, the des- 
perate debts being deducted # . 17,445 0 o 574,759 4 4 

For the Fort St. George, its meliority 
and buildings, with the privileges ob- 
tained on the Coast and Bay, by several 

farmans 50,000 00 — — 

By the Agency of Bantam, for their 
and the subordinate Factories (at Siam, 

Jambi, Tonquin, Tywan, and Amoy), 
dead and quick stock, the desperate 

debts being deducted . , , I9;347 o 0 196,995 0 o 

By the Island of St. Helena, its 

meliority and stores .... 10,000 00 — ~ — 

For moneys imprested to several 

Owners whose ships are now in Service — — — 23,486 19 8 

For moneys, gold, silver, and several 
other goods and merchandises now in 


* =5 Dharangaou, Town in the Erandol Tahka of East Khandesh District, Bombay 
{Iwpefial Gazetteer of Indiaf vol. xi, p, 297). * Masulipatam, 



APPENDIX 


339 

£ s. d. 


£ d. 

England, in custody of the following 
persons, namely: 

£ 

Of Humphrey Edwin . 17,790 3 o 

Thomas Sprigg . 58,625 10 o 

Charles Aston . . 156,219 3 6 

George Papillon , 14,932 6 o 

John Beard and T. 

Percehouse . . 10,244 ^5 ^ 

John Richards and 
Leonard Bray . 29,561 7 9 

J. Prowd, Harris, 

Elkin, &c. . • 957 13 4 — 288,330 19 i 

By several debts owing 
to the Company here in 
England, namely: — 

By His Majesty, Re- 
mainder of 20,000/. lent. 8,750 o o 
By divers Buyers on 
September and March 
Sales .... 18,273 I ^ 

By sundry sorts of 
debts, as per the particu- 
lar account • . . 20,290 2 5 — — — 47,313 3 5 

By advance on the 3 Surat ships, and 
3 Coast and Bay ships, over and above 
their cargoes out, the Custom freight 
and charges being deducted, as per the 
particular account, which is computed 
since the Articles above, — after those 

ships’ arrival, the 7th August, 1678 , _ — — 102,255 o o 

£ 2 i 6 ,^Ss o o 1,511,619 10 o 

Debtors Dead Stock Quick Stock 

To several persons, owing by the 
Company as well at interest as on sim- 
dry other accounts, as by the particular 

account — — — 685,640 12 3 

For 22 months’ chaiges and losses on 
Bantam Factory: their last books end- 
ing the 31st July 1676 . • . — — — 9»937 ^ 

For several debts owing as well in 

India to the several Factors and 
Mariners there in the Company's ser- 
vice, as here in England to divers on 
sundry accounts, not particularized in 
the General books, all which is com- 
puted may amount to about 


25,000 o o 



APPENDIX 


340 

And whereas several debts due to this 
Company both here and in India, are 
brought in credit of this computation as 
Quick Stock: which is hoped will be 
found so to be, yet lest any of them 
should prove bad or doubtful; the 
Committee on perusal have thought fit 

to place 20,000 2. to make good the same — — — ’ 20,000 o o 


To balance being the estate of the 
Honourable East India Company, all 
their debts being paid . . . ;^2 16,483 o o 


713.578 2 3 

798,041 7 9 


;£2i6,483' o o 1,511,619 10 o 


Besides the Articles in credit of this valuation in Contra, there are 
several doubtful bad and desperate debts due unto this Company as 
vrell in India as here in England, which are not brought in credit of this 
account; but are mentioned by way of memorandum. 


At Surat, Karwar, and Calicut . • . 

At Fort St. George, Machlipatan,* MadapoUam, Hugh, 
Balasore, Dacca, Kasimbazar, and Patna 
At Bantam, Jambi, Siam, Tonquin, and Tywan 

Bad Debts in India ....... 

Bad Debts in England, as by the particulars 

Total Bad Debts, in India and in England . 


£ 

s. 

d. 

17.440 

16 

4 

37.251 

10 

6 

20,000 

0 

0 

74,692 

6 

10 

22,479 

14 

4 

97.172 

I 

2 


Note also. That upon several attempts to obtain a trade to Japan, 
which would be of great advantage, this Stock hath expended and lost 
upward of 40,000 and though hitherto the design is not accomphshed, 
yet the said expense hath not been altogether fruitless; for thereby 
several discoveries have been made, and foundations laid to render the 
same more easily and with less charge attainable in future which may 
be very valuable: Yet in the present valuation the Committee have 
not reckoned any thing for the same ; but thought it necessary to insert 
this Memorandum. 

* Masulipatam. 



INDEX 


Abdulla Shaw, 6. 

Aboab, Jacob, 190, 195. 

Abull Fettahee, King of Bantam, 59, 228, 
261, 271 ; concerning some return to be 
made for his present to King Charles, 14, 
42? 54, 55, 58, 92, 104, 131, 132 ; guns, &c., 
to be sent to, 54, 55, 86, 130, 147, 150, 155, 
258, 274, 298 ; letter from the Company to, 
xix, 91; abstract of a letter from, 122; 
letter from King Charles to, xix, 131-2; 
suspected breach between the Dutch and, 
xix, 261, 271, 273; his debt to the Com- 
pany, 274; his son, 295, 305,^ 

Accounts, Committee for, services required 
of, 2, 3, 8, 19, 30, 46, 109, 136, 153, 177 {2), 
193 (2), 212, 237, 242, 244, 276, 314; 
reports from, 3, 48, 179, 247; read, 200; 
desired, 229; men added to, 109, 276; 
Sambrooke to appear before, 189. 

Acton, Richard, goods bought by, 141, 192, 
195 ; allowance to be made to, 195, 250. 

Adams, Edward, adventure transferred to, 
334 - 

Adams, Jacob, 10, 

Adams, James, 147. 

Adams, John, 221, 227, 

Adathaies. See Cotton goods, 

Addis, John, 239; adventures transferred 

by. 329. 333; to. 330 (s). 336- 

Adler, Samuel, 250. 

Admiralty, the, 206; Lords Commissioners 
of, to give directions for a convoy to attend 
the Company’s ships, 134, 167, 319. 

Adrian Thomas, 332. 

Advice Pink, the, men serving in, 95, 229; 
to be sold, xviii, 306. 

African House, the, 43, 199; warehouses at, 
12, 30, 171, 188; orders to keepers at, 32; 
repairs at, 63 ; goods to be removed from, 
168. 

Ahmadabad, 304. 

Ailward, — , tax collector, 187 (2). 

Albyn, Elizabeth, 329. 

Aldewarld, Cornelius, 191 ; his account, 189, 
206, 21 1, 229 ; executor of, see Moore — . 

Aldworth, Thomas, 330. 

Aleppo, letters and packets sent to, 65, 81, 
89, 197, 284; Consul at, see Nightin^e- 

Alesburie, Christopher, 336 (2). 

Alesbuiie, Edmond, 336 (2). 

ABejaes. Cotton goods. 

Allen, Abraham, 333. I 

Allen, Benjamin, 96, 97, 109, 155. 

Allen, Grace, 330, 331. 


I Allen, Sir Thomas, 96, 109. 

I Allen, Thomas, Junior, 109. 

: Alley, Charles, r45. 

Alley, Richard, 334 (3). 

Alley, William, commander of the Expeda^ 
tion, XXV, 316, 317. 

Allington, James, 333 (2), 334. 

AUington, William, 114, 

Aloes Socatrina, sale of, 29, 84, 207, 255, 

292, 325 ; Hepatica, % 1^5, 292 ; damaged, 

33 {2), 37 f 305^ 309- 

Altham, Leventhorpe, assistant to the 
Accountant-Generd, 41, 176. 

Amber, 192, 209, 295 ; beads, 271. 

Ambergris, 74, 207, 209, 281. 

Amos, Thomas, silk-dyer, deceased, 120, 1 21. 

Amoy, 196, 294, 338; goods, &c., to be sent 
to, 62 (2), 73, 77, 90, 95, 199, 208, 218; 
guns for, 77 ; trade at, xvii, xviii, 57, 77, 
298; men at and for, xvii, 62, 65, 306; 
ships from, 272, 273. 

Ampes, John, 55. 

Amsterdam, 249, 314; goods sent by Sam- 
brooke to, 53, 63, 70. 

Andalusia, die, 314; commander of, see 
Jacob, Captain John. 

Anderson, Captain Henry, 148, 151, 152, 271, 

Andragoras, xix, 272. 

Andrews, Benjamin, 331. 

Andrews, Captain Jonathan, commander of 
the Caesar, 205, 223, 273, 305; letters to, 

271-3- 

Andrews, Sir Matthew, 50, 202, 248; stands 
security, 8, 38, 237 ; elected a Committee, 
40; offers the Surat Merchant for further 
service, 104 ; exports bullion for diamonds, 
230, 234; prop^als made by, 315, 323. 

Andrews, Captain Thomas, commander of 
the Caesar, 4; letter to, 4, 

Andrews, Thomas, merchant, 114. 

Andrews, Robert, 201. 

Anglesey, Earl of. Annesley, Arthur. 

An^, 292, 

Anne, the, ii; commander of, see Browne, 
Captain Zachary, and Cooke, Captain 
James, to go to Bantam, 5, 17, 18; to 
Surat and Bombay, vii, 243, 252; goods 
shipped in, 221, 254 (2); survey of, 243; 
her owners, 243, 254, 278 ; orders to, 218, 
220; payment to, 276; men servii^ in, 
253; complained of, 251, 253. 

Anne, the, 18, 221; commander of, see 
Chamblet, Captain Samuel; her account, 
16; goods, &c., shipped in, 196, 197, X99, 



COURT MINUTES, ETC. 


200, 208; men serving in, 221, 246; her 
owners, 198, 208,* payment to, 17, 23, 208, 
209. 

Annesley, Arthur, Earl of Anglesey, 44; 
Lord Privy Seal, 103. 

Annesley, Dr. Samuel, 155. 

Annesley, Samuel, Junior, 152, 155, 156 (2). 

Ansel, Stephen, 300, 301. 

Antelope, the (King’s ship), 51, 169; com- 
mander of, see Wright, Captmn. 

Apprentices, maritime, &c., viii, 117-18. 

Arabia, xxvii, 82. 

Archer, Francis, 32, 331. 

Archer, Dr. John, 141. 

Archer, John, 32. 

Archer, Theophilus, 331. 

Ardis, John, 304. 

Arnold, George, 333. 

Arnold, Joseph, no, 208, 218; his account 
and debt, 259, 260, 269, 270, 296. 

Arnold, Sir Matthew, 309. 

Artiiur, Henry, 255, 256 (2). 

Arundel, William, 14. 

Asafoetida, 8. 

Ash, Edward, 331. 

Ash, Sir Joseph, 82, 335, 337 (2). 

Ashby, Thomas, 234, 239; re-election and 
salary, 41? 

Ashfield, Susannah, 115, 

Ashurst, William, 156, 331, 333 (2). 

Assistance, the, 134; commander of, see 
Wilshaw, Captain. 

Aston, Charles, Keeper of the Pepper Ware- 
house, 143, 189, 339; orders to, 37; re- 
election and salary, 41, 177 ; his accounts to 
be examined, 243, 244, 267, 268, 276, 277. 

Aston, David, 41, 177. 

Aston, Jonathan, 74, i 93 > 198. 

Atkins, Alice, 69. 

Atkins, Captain John, deceased, 77, 202, 
205; commander of the Return, 74. 

Atkins, John, 296, 300. 

Atkins, Nathaniel, 266. 

Atlas, silk stuff so called, 300. 

Attomey-GeneraL See Jones, Sir William. 

Aungier, Gerald, President at Surat and 
Governor of Bombay; alleged violence 
committed against Portuguese rights by, 
X3, 78 ; silver exported to, 147 ; death of, 
198 n.; his estate, 198; his account, 284, 
286, 290; his bonds, covenants, and secu- 
rities to be cancel!^, 290; his executor, 
see Longford, Lord. 

Austin, Edward, 125, 226. 

Austin, Samuel, 80, 84. 

Austin, Thomas, 261, 335. 

Avery, Daniel, 227. 

Ayloff, William, 325. 

Ayloff, Mrs., 325. 


Baas, black and raw, sale of, 155, 208. 

Bab, John, 56, 279. 

Baftas. See Cotton goods. 

Bagnal, John, 38. 

Bagnal, Richard, 329 (3). 

Bagnold, William, 109, 218, 304. 

Bagot, Rice, 47. 

Baily, Susannah, 50, 51. 

Baily, Thomas, 50, 121, 143, 329. 

Bake, Colonel Herman, 145. 

Baker, Andrew, 330. 

Baker, John, 33 (2), 37. 

Baker, Captain William, commander of the 
Barnardiston, 139. 

Balasore, 65, 112, 127, 33S; John Marshal 
appointed chief at, 120. 

Ball, Robert, 163. 

Ball, Robert, the Company’s correspondent 
at Leghorn, 294; to buy coral for the Com- 
pany, 49, 52, 70, 72, 281 ; to stop buying 
coral, 167; joint letters to, 52, 65, 70, 72, 
8x, 89, 114, 167, 197, 281, 287, 315; letter 
from read, 312. 

Ball, — recommended as chaplain, 214. 

Banks, Charles and James, letter to, 46, 52. 

Banks, Sir John, 36, 172, 173 ; elected a Com- 
mittee, 40, 176; services required of, vii, 
46, 130, 156, 157, 190, 217, 223, 231 (2); 
report made by, 109 ; transfers adventures, 
337 ( 7 )-. 

Bantam, iii, 9, 104, 196, 338; Agent at, see 
Parker, Robert, and White, Arnold; ships 
designed for, vii, i, 7, 17, 18, 31, 56, 76, 
77, 80, 198, 199, 208, 211, 227, 267; arrive 
from, 65, 67, 149, 197 ; orders concerning, 
xvi, 124, 199, 21 1; goods, &c., to be sent to, 
5 > 30. 31^ S6, 90, 95, 107, 199, 205, 210, 

211, 217, 258, 296, 297, 309; money to be 
sent to, 259, 269, 300 ; factors and others 
at and for, xvii, 7, 23, 31, 37, 50, 62, 65, 
66, 68, 70, 71, 76, 80 (2), 81, 82, 84, 89, 
97, 100, loi, 105, 108, 109, 116, 132, 138, 
143, 190, 211, 249, 271, 310; Committee 
for, to draw up an address to King Charles, 
14; matters referred to, 29, 42, 43, 47 (2), 
54» 73» 77» 9 ^, 123, 126, 139, 147, 208, 

239, 260, 261, 298 ; report from, xvii, 62, 
77, 199, 258, 269, 270 ; advices from and to, 
iii, 29, 42, 47, 62, 73, 86, 96, 123, 124, 126, 
147, 156, 187, 195, 257 (2), 276, 293,302; 
bills of exchange from, 38, 42, 45^ 55> S^, 
60, 68, 69 (2), 75, 145, 276, 277, 279; 
pepper, &c., from, 203, 228, 272, 305; 
trade at, 91, 92, 94, 100, 123, 129, 131, 
132, 268, 269 ; English commodities cheap 
at, 153; soldiers and sailors for, 123, 211, 
258; guns, 8 cc,, to be sent to, 155, 258, 273 ; 

engine for, 209, 211, 259; Company’s 
servants murder^ at, xix, 228, 303; 



INDEX 


surgeon and cook to be sent to, 258 ; a 
great Bible and two books of Common 
Prayer to be sent to, 259; rules and re- 
lations to be sent to, 302, 310, 311; 
charge of the factory at, 260, 261, 
268, 269, 339; plate, &c., given to the 
correspondent of the Danish Agent at, 
279 ; ^ng of, see AbuU Fettahee ; present 
sent by his son to King Charles, 295, 305. 
See also Pangeran Kedule. 

Bantam Pink, the, 5^ 67, 108. 

Barbadoes, 190 ; natives of Johanna sold at, 
25 » 74 , 174- 

Barker, Marie, 107, 108. 

Barker, Richard, 325. 

Barker, Robert, 219. 

Barkham, William, admitted to the freedom, 
73 ; adventures transferred by, 330, 333 ; 
to, 333 , 337 - 

Barking, 76. 

Barnard, Sir Henry, 120; adventures trans- 
fened by, 332; to, 330, 333 (4), 334 (2), 
335. 336 (3). 337- 

BarnardisUm, the, commander of, see Baker, 
Captain William, 139; goods shipped in, 
143, 199; her owners, 144, 202, 215, 218; 
payment to, 143, 174. 

Bamardiston, Arthur, 71. 

Bamardiston, Sir Samuel, 7 (2), 296, 325; 
permitted to export silver, &c._, 22 (2), 
254, 315, 320; elected a Committee, 40, 
176, 268; adventures transferred by and 

to, 329. 332 (2). 

Barnes, T., 118. 

Baron, Benjamin, 335. 

Baron, George, 89 (2). 

Baron, M., Director of the French Fleet, 
10. 

Baron, Samuel, 45 petition from read, 47; 
considered, 71, 72; result, 83. 

Barowdale, Anne, 33i, 

Barwick, Dr. Peter, 335. 

Bason, — , surgeon in ie Anne, 253. 

Basra, 283, 

Basse, Captain William, commander of the 
London, 32, 34, 38; of the WiUiamson, 68, 
76, 127, 291; letter to, 129; 133 (2), 134; 
payment to, 148, 149; appointed Rear- 
Admiral, 158, i^; permitted to export 
silver, 325. 

Bassein, Captain-General of, his donands, 
xiv, <^3, 61, ro2, 103, 119, 178. 

Batavia, 11, 273. 

Bateman, Anthony, 116; entertainment and 
securities, 68, 69, 71, 83. 

Bateman, Joas, 333 (2). 

Bateman, Lady, 236 (3). 

Bateman, Robert, 83, 128. 

Bates, Leonard, 332. 


343 

Bathurst, Benjamin, 333. 

Bathurst, Alderman John, 88, 267; his 
account, r8, r9, 385 services requir^ of, 
19, 24, 256; elected a Committee, 40, 176, 
268; reports from, 66, 289; adventures 
transferred by and to, 336 (2). 

Bathurst, — , joint letter to, 185, 254, 314, 

3x5- 

Bawden, John, 46. 

Baynes, Thomas, 266. 

Beads, glass, 292 ; marble, 326. 

Beale, Captain Anthony, 69; appointed 
Deputy Governor of St. Helena, xx, 149 ; 
to succeed Blackmore if the latter dies, 
150; duties allotted to, r59, 160. 

Beard, John, warehouse-keeper at Gresham 
CoU^e, 66, 201, 339; re-election and 
salar>', 4r, 176, 177 ; orders to, 19, 32, 209. 

Beaucham (Beauchampe), William, 34, 189. 

Becket, Thomas, 249. 

Beddin^eld, Robert, 146. 

Beekc, William, 334. 

Beercliff, Robert, 331. 

Beercliff , Thomas, 330 (2), 

BeUiott, Francis, letter from, 4. 

Belvoe, Jacob, 210, 213. 

Bence, John, admitted to the freedom, 173; 
adventure transferred by and to, 332 (2), 

Bendal, Captain Hopeful, 144; commander 
of the 7^>^aif«ajtopToducehisbooksand 
bills of lading, 100, loi ; permitted to ex- 
port bullion 157, 308; payment to, 158; 
appointed Rear-Admiral, 166; letter to, 
16^7, 169; to be supers^ed, 315. 

Bendish, Charles, 67, 215 ; his account, 83, 
203, 294, 304; payment to, 301. 

Ben^, Bay of, ships and stock for, vii, viii, 
I, 76, 81, 117, 123, 198, 226, 240, 256, 300; 
factors and others at and for, 8, i r, to, 87, 
99, no, in, 112, 196, 232, 239, 305, 306, 
313 ; dividers amongst, x, 75, 116 ; farman 
to be procured for, xvi, 63; Danes and 
Dutch in, xvi; advices from and to, 74, 
75 (2), 80, 208, 228, 285, 296, 297 ; goods 
from, 77, 87, 93, 97, 99, 1 19, 228; Committee 
for Coast and, see Coromandel Coast ; silk- 
dyers for and at, 80, 87, 88, 99, 105, 118; 
chaplain at, see Evans; salary of Chief at, 
to he increased, 112 ; roister to be kept of 
all private trade at, 229 ; rules concerning, 
302, 307 ; diary to be kept of all goods 
bought and sold for the Company at, 229 ; 
accounts at, 237 ; three silver seals sent 
from, 293 ; books to be sent to the library 
at, 314. 

Bengd Merchant, the, 4; commander of, see 
Goldsboroigh, Captain John, 4; good^ 
&c., shipped in, 6, 197, 209, 229 (2), 253, 
254; her return, 197; her owners, 198; 



344 COURT MINUTES, ETC. 


orders to, 218; allowed to ship rials, 252; 
payment to, 205, 209, 250; to go to Bom- 
bay and Surat, vii, 252. 

Bennet, Elizabeth, 209. 

Bennet, Jane, 259, 315. 

Bennet, Captain Roger, commander of the 
Bombay Merchant, 24, 33. 

Benzoin, sale of, 144, 155, 157, 158, 207, 255, 
292; allowance of tares on, 157, 158, 168; 
freight for, 209. 

Berdal, Richard, 227. 

Beresford, Sarah, 222. 

Berkeley Castle, the, 69, 75, 294; commander 
of, see Fisher, Captain Robert, 64; and 
Talbot, Captain William, 109, 142 ; to go to 
Bantam, vii, i, 76, 80, 109, 124, 142 ; the 
Coast and Bay, viii, r, 76, 198, 240, 294, 
327, 328 ; her owners, damaged goods to be 
returned to, 74, 278 (2), payment to, 69, 
^ 9 > i33» i7S> 312; orders to, ix,' 80, 
327 ; present Talbot as commander, 109 ; 
permitted to export bullion, 325; 
passengers in, 123; offered for further 
service, 278; to be surveyed, 297; 
searched, ix, 327; treasure,- &c., to be 
shipped in, 323 ; surgeon in, see Wiltshire, 
George. 

Berkeley, Lord George, 43, 158; elected a 
Committee, 40, 176, 268; services required 
of, xxii, XXV, 89, 128, 130, 141, 221, 293, 
296, 309, 313; tea, &c., to be delivered 
^0, 303; adventures transferred by and 
to, 117, 330 (6), 332 (4), 333 , 334 , 
337 ( 3 )- 

Berry, Captain William, commander of the 
William and Thomas, 76. 

Bertie, the Honourable Charles, Secretary to 
the Lord Treasurer, 47, 231; note from, 
152, 219, 224, 228 ; statement by, 22r, 223; 
spice to be presented to, 238; adventures 
trai^ferred by and to, 334, 335. 

Best, James, 36. 

Bethel, William, 266. 

Bethlem Hospital, Governors of, to be 
treated with about cellars, xxvii, 188 (2); 
consent to lease them, 190, 191 ; request 
increase of rent for, 196; present draft of 
lease for, 205 ; the Company's seal affixed 
to, 221 ; to be inspected, 231. 

Bettellees. See Cotton goods. 

Betworth, Arthur, 330. 

Beyer, Francis, Accountant-General, 22, 34, 

S 5 t 66, 185, 193, 194, 217, 314; memorial 
from, read, 2; gratuity given to, 8, 133; 
servkes required of, xxii, 8, 38 (2), 47, 57, 

60, 62, 97, 117, 121, 189, 192, 204, 260, 
280, 293, 298; report from, 32, 5r, 73, 96, 
174, 244, 258 (2), 259; re-election and 
salary, 41, 133, 176 ; list of debts presented 


by, 187, 279, 280; paper and proposals 
from, 229, 314; Robert Woodward to 
assist, 248. 

Bickley, Richard, 72, 74. 

Bidulph, Sir TheophUus, 329, 

Kgsby, John, 83. 

Bilbao, the Company’s goods sent by Sam- 
brooke to, 54 (2), 60, 69 (2), 70. 
Biliapatam, 388; pepper from, 15, 199, 243, 
246, 290, 292. 

Billingsly, John, 120, 121; his account, 206, 
214, 217, 218, 294, 296. 

Binns, Fenton, admitted to the freedom, 60; 
adventures transferred by and to, 330, 
336. ^ 

Bix, Elizabeth, 220, 23r, 260, 270; payment 
to, 284. 

Bix, James, 204, 206. 

Bix, Nicholas, 22, 35, 246, 266; his wife, see 
Bix, Elizabeth. 

Blackbome, Robert, Secretary to the Com- 
pany, 7, 61, 174 ; allowed to export dollars, 

I &c., 33, 114; gratuity given to, 39; re- 
election and salary, 41, 176; services 
required of, xxii, 35, 105, 132, 176, 198, 
205, 217, 227, 270, 277, 278,298, 311; 
letter to, 63-4; letter from, r67; referred 
to, 283; adventures transferred by, 336 
(2);to, 287, 331 (2), 334, 335 (*),336 (2); 
his son, see Blackbome, Samuel, 
Blackbome, Samuel, 39, 41, 176. 

Blackbome, Thomas, silk-dyer, 88. 

Blackloqk, Henry, 190, 191. 

Blackmore, Major John, appointed Governor 
of St. Helena, xx, r48, 158, 167, 223; his 
commission, 149-50, 158 ; instructions to, 
160 ; to be captain of a company of soldiers, 
160; to go in the Johanna, 167; petition 
from refened, 310; payment to, 323. 
Blackmore, John, 71, 

Blackmore, Lemuel, 68, 71 (2). 

Blackmore, William, 71. 

Blackwall {see also Poplar), 263, 264, 265; 
Yard, 266. 

Blathwayth, William, letter from, 58-9, 61, 
63-4 (2). 

Blinkinsop, John, loi, 109, 114, 152. 
Blinkinsop, Thomas, 114. 

Bludworth, Sir Thomas, 330, 333, 334. 

Blue or Drug Warehouse, 39, 191, 192 ; lease 
of, 5 ; sheds to be built near, 196, 261 ; com- 
mittee of,' 221, 243. 

Blunden, John, 83, 95, 97^ entertained, as 
factor, 68; as Second at Tonquin, xviii, 

7o» 7i» 81 . 

Bocket, John, 251, 335. 

Boddington, Robert, 335 (3). 

BoUe, Edward, adventures transferred by 
333 » 337; to, 330, 33r, 334. 



INDEX 345 


Bolton, Mary, 259. 

Bolton, Thomas, 275, 

Bombay, v, xiii, xv, 13, 26, 39, 193, 338; 
Governor of, see Aungier, Gerald; Deputy 
Governor, see Pettit, John ; ships and stock 
for, 24, 252 (2) ; young women to be sent 
to, 2; Report on, 3, 178; committee for, 
to attend the Lords Committees for 
Foreign Affairs, 5; Customhouse at, 5; 
Portuguese obstructions to the Com- 
pany’s trade at, 3, 5, 12, 15, 16, 20, 21, 39, 
60, 102, 103, 105, 1 19, 186; Alvaro 
Perez complains of wrongs received at, 6, 
49> 5 h 78, 97-9; coinage for, xii, 14, 18, 
42 (2), 138, 141, 142, 168; courts of justice 
at, 51, 52; orders concerning Judge at, 
xxii, 154; Breviate of the Company’s 
Memorial touching, 15, 59; Malum, a 
dependence of, xiii, 61, 78, 179; advices 
from and to, 105, 115, 245-6, 256 (2), 257, 
280; factors and others at and for, 16, 19, 
22, 23, 145, 147. 148, 152 (2), i 94 f 256; 
free planters and merchants, xxii, 194; 
salute of guns from and to ships arriving 
at, 154; commission to be drawn up for 
Governor of, ix, 156, 158 (2); the Com- 
pany’s seal to be affixed to, 158; gun- 
powder to be sent to, 246, 306 ; factory 
and garrison at, 250 ; changes to be made 
at, 253 ; valuation of, v, 338. 

Bombay Merchant, the, 5, 18, 270; com- 
mander of, see Beimet, Captain Roger, 24; 
to go to Surat and Bantam, 6, 7, 18 ; Bom- 
bay, 24 ; men serving in, 8, 14 ; her owners, 
8, 202; payment to, 268, 278, 289, 290; 
goods, &c., shipped in, 9, 22, 97, 202, 204, 
230, 257, 269 ; offered for further service, 
274- 

Bond, Francis, 189, 190. 

Bond, Henry, xxvii, 18. 

Bonnell, Captain James, 50, 144 ; commander 
of the Eagle, 145 ; unable to go to Bantam, 
145 ; payment to, 175, 185. 

Bonnell, John, 314. 

Boimer, William, 215. 

Boone, Christopher, 50, 148; elected a Com- 
mittee, 40, 176, 268; services required oi^ 
41, 176, 220, 236, 258, 268; adventure 
transferred by, 335, to, 329. 

Boone, Mary, 332. 

Booth, Ridiard, 332 (3), 334. 

Borax, sale of, 84, 155, 243, 255, 292. 

Borough, Jane, 247. 

Boscot, — , 199. 

Bostock, Thomas, 204- 

Bosworth, Samud, surgwn, 249. 

Boughton, Reverend Richard, chaplain for 
Surat, 247, 248. 

Bourne, Major, 135. 


Bovery, Edward, 203, 273 ; adventure trans- 
ferred to, 329, 337. 

Bowers, George, xii, 28, 168. 

Bowers, Captain John, commander of the 
Persia Merchant-, offers her for further ser- 
vice, 153; payment to, 188, 189, 

Bowles, Robert, 69. 

Bowles, William, 227. 

Bowtel, WiDiam, printer, 4, 18, 115; pay- 
ment to, 1 18, 185. 

Bowton, John, 212. 

Bowyer, Dorothy, 114, 304. 

Bowyer, Frances, 82, 124, 269. 

Bowyer, Robert, 84, 114, 116. 

Box, — , 157, 168. 

Boyle, the Honorable Robert, 40. 

Braddil, Rc^er, 83, 89, 239; admitted to the 
freedom, 126; ^venture transferred to, 
$ 3 h 332. 

Brand, John, 336. 

Brandy, 177. 

Brannock, Thomas, 310. 

Brawles. See Cotton goods. 

Bray, Leonard, 41, 176, 226, 339. 

Bray, Lodowick, 34. 

Bredah, — , 90. 

Brerewood, Frances, goods bought by, 49, 
50, 99, 104, 106, 1 14, 260 ; action b^n by, 
108, n8 ; settlement to be made wim, 1 15. 
Breton, Robert, 125, 270. 

Brewer, Diana, 236. 

Bridger, James, 152. 

Bridger, John, Choultry Justice at the Fort, 
119. 

Bridger, Margaret, 330. 

Bridger, Robert, 330. 

Bridges, Shem, former Chief at the Bay, 
adventure transferred to, 334 (2). 

Bridges, William, 87, 88, 330, 332. 
Bridgevpater, Earl of, 21. 

Brimstone, 20$. 

Bringhurst, Edward, the Company’s 
attorney, 56. 

Briscoe, — , 309. 

Broach, 22, 338. 

Broadcloth, 199, 203, 219, 

Brock, Jeffery, 332. 

Brodnax, Roger, ii, 12, 

Brookhaven, Captain John, 254. 

Brown, Anne, 296, 

Brown, Captain Arnold, 60, 71, 330 (2). 
Brown, Christopher, 68, 71 (2). 

Brown, Hannah, 51. 

Brown, Henry, 128. 

Brown, — , 253. 

Brown, Leonard, 221, 254. 

Brown, Quarles 88, 249, 280; his ^dren, 
32, 56 ; adventure transferred to his estate, 
<56, 330 (3), 



346 COURT MINUTES, ETC. 


Brown, Robert, 221. 

Brown, Thomas, 150. 

Brown, William, 70, 331 (2). 

Brown, Captain Zachary, 104, 208, 215^ com- 
mander of the Anne, 17 ; letter to, 17-18. 

Buckeridge, Nicholas, 12, 190, 278; suit 
against, 301. 

Buckingham, Owen, 114. 

Buckler, — , 156, 157, 171. 

Buckworth, John, 29, 30, 43; transfers 
adventure, 333, 334 (3)^ 337 (2). 

Budgrooks, to be coined at Bombay, xii, 14. 

Buffalo hides, 84. 

Bugden, Edmond, 84, 119. 

Bull, John, 332, 

Bullion, iii, xxii, 30-1, 241, export of, 
allowed, 124, 125, 128, 141, i43> ^47 (2)> 
148, 149, 150, 152, 156, 168, 175, 230, 234, 
236, 239, 251, 253, 256, 312, 314, 322, 
325 (2) ; measures to be taken to prevent 
its export without permission or pa5nnent 
of freight, xxiv, 118, 132, 133, 148, 151; 
fixed allowance granted to several..^ents, 
&c., 1 51 ; how to be supplied for the next 
yearns shipping, 196; for Surat, 203, 204; 
the Coast and Bay, 237 ; consideration of 
export of, 204, 229, 234; one per cent 
to be charged to factors for freight of, 
322. 

Bifflevant, — , 239. 

Bullivant, Samuel, 88, 94, 202, 204. 

Bullock, — , 68, 70. 

Burdet, Robert, 329 (2). 

Burley, Captain Richard, 152. 

Burnaby, Richard, 281 ; payment to, 39, 42 ; 
entertainment, salary, and security, 67, 68, 
70, 82, 89; to be of Council at Bantam, 

Bumiston, Mrs., 253. 

Bunoughs, Jane, 334. 

Burroughs, John, 68 (2), 70, 80, 82. 

Burroughs, Joshua, 214, 215. 

Burroughs, Zachariah, 5, 172, 243. 

Bury, Edmond, 276, 335, 336. 

Bushel, Edward, 331. 

Butler, James, 101, 109, 141, 152, 335 (2). 

Butler, Joan, 300. 

Butler, Thomas, 41, 176, 292, 299. 

Butler, William, 141. 

Buttal, John, 144. 

Byrampauts. See Cotton goods. 

Byrch, Edward, assistant-cashier, 41, 176. 

Bysh, Sir Edmund, 126, 128. 

Cade, John, stationer, 195, 277, 279. 

Cadiz, gooi sent by Sambrooke to, 54 (2), 
60, 69, 70 ; sherry from, 134, 173, 179, 185, 
201 ; silver from, 139. 

Cadman, Gabriel, 246. 


Caesar y the, 4, 244, 259; commander of, see 
Andrews, Captain Ihomas; goods and 
stock shipped in, xx, 197, 209, 229, 235, 
357 » 258, 259 (2), 267, 269, 270, 271, 273, 
275; her return, 197; her owners, 198, 
259 ; payment to, 203, 209, 268 ; orders to, 
xix, 218, 228; request of, 270; to go to 
Bantam, viii, 198, 239, 259, 267, 271 ; sur- 
vey of, 243 ; men serving in, 246, 272 ; her 
charter-party to be endorsed, 270; 
passengers in, 259. 

Calicoes. See Cotton goods. 

Calico Warehouse, Committee for, matters 
referred to, 9, 15, 29, 51, 77, in, 144, 192, 
209, 217, 218, 285, 286, 306, 310, 322; 
men to be employed at, 37, 38 ; accounts 
at, 66, 172. 

Calicut, 338. 

Callais, William, 289, 294. 

Calient, James, 255. 

Calloway, J., 212, 

Calloway, William, 125. 

Calloway poos. See Cotton goods. 

Camel, John, steward at Tywan, 77, 100, 
177 ; pa5unent to his widow, 179. 

Camel, Sarah, 179. 

Canary Islands, l 5 ie, no. 

Cancefield, Thomas, 246, 250. 

Canham, John, 218. 

Canham, Thomas, 19, 179, 308; services 
required of, 24, 41, 64, 126 ; elected a Com- 
mittee, 40, 176, 268; permitted to export 
dollars, 154, 326; stands security, 258; 
adventures transferred by and to, 335 (3). 

Canvas, 115, 211, 248, 292; Noyal, 261. 

Cape of Good Hope, xx, 8, 17, 36, 165, 222, 
240. 

Cape Verde Islands, 320. 

Capel, Abraham, 9. 

Capel, Arthur, Earl of Essex, 103. 

Carado, Luis de Lima, 10. 

Cardamoms, 34, 84, 207, 292, 

Carmania. See Kirman. 

Camopoly. Kamagapalle. 

Carpenter, Henry, 120, 197, 306. 

Carpenter, John, 109, 222. 

Carpenter, Susan, 330. 

Carpenter, Thomas, 330. 

Cary, George, 83. 

Cassaes. See Cotton goods. 

Cassa Verona. See Kasi Viranna. 

Cassia fistula, 286. 

Cassia lignum, sale of, 77, 84, 207, 292 ; im- 
ported, 217, 273 ; prohibited, 87. 

Castle, — , 212. 

Castleton, Lord. See Saunderson, George. 

Catchees. See Cotton goods. 

Cattee (Catty, a weight), 168. 

Chamberlain, Caesar, ix, 147 (2), 271 ; bullion 



INDEX 


exported for his account, iS, 251, 253; 
medal from the Company, xxvii, 28. 

Chamberlain, Charles, 312 ; adventures trans- 
ferred by and to, 330 (2), 331, 334, 335, 

336 (2)- 

Chamberlain, Francis, 125, 335. 

Chamberlain, George, x, no. 

Chambers, — , 66. 

Chambers, William, 66, 69. 

Chamblet, Captain Samuel, 68, 76; com- 
mander of the Anne, 16; of the Sampson, 
165, 195; allowed to ship out money, 14S, 
324, 326 ; to cany the flag as Admiral, 158, 
164, 166; letter to, 165-6, 167-8, 170, 
327-8 ; his account, 177, 311 ; signs bills of 
lading by mistake, 282. 

Chancery, bills and suits in, 7, 28, 36, 41, 48, 
io7> I77» 278, 279; order of the High 
Court of, 46, 47, 57, 87 ; payment to, 278. 

Chandemagore, xvi. 

Chandos, James, Lord, admitted to the free- 
dom, 17 1 ; elected a Committee, 268; ser- 
vices required of, xxv, 293, 296, 313; 
adventure transferred to, 332 (2). 

Channock (Chanok), xvi, 124, 127, 135. 

Chaplin, Francis, liord Mayor (1678), 

Charles II, his right to Bombay, 3, 20; 
reports to be made to, 6, 16, 20; Alvaro 
Perez implores justice from, 9, 10, ii, 61, 
78, 79, 98; Memorial from the Portuguese 
Ambassador to, xiii, 13-14; referr^ to, 
58, 61 (2), 78; charters granted to the 
Company by, referred to, 14, 51, 61, 66, 
107, 316, 317 ; desired from, 95 ; proclama- 
tion issued by, referred to, 17, 34, 127, 128, 
130, 143, 16^ 222, 241, 252, 271 ; concern- 
ing a present to the King of Bantam from, 
14, 42, 54, 55, 58, 92, 104; a letter about 
the murders at Bantam desired from, xix, 
128, 130; approves of coinage for Bombay, 
xii, 18, 138, i4r ; petitioned by the Com- 
pany, 2r, 22, 130-r, 290, 293; address to 
be presented to, 36, 205, 246 ; letter to the 
Viceroy of Goa from, xiii 25-8; to the 
Prince R^ent of Portugal, xiii, 102-3, 
112-13, 122; his yacht damaged, 72; re- j 
views four East India ships, 75; order | 
received from, 74; for a convoy for the 
Company's ships, 134, 157, 167, 169, 170, 
193, 194; report from the Lords Commit- 
tees for Trade and Plantations to, 102-3 ; 
desires and is accorded a loan from the 
Company, v, vi, 134, I 35 » i 37 » 145 ? 

146, 152, 171, 179, 192, 211, 213, 214 (2), 
215, 219, 221, 223, 228 (2), 277, 339; 
money owing by the Company for customs 
to, 140, 152; Letters Patent granted the 
Company by, referred to, xii, 149, 221, 
223 ; his desire concerning two Portuguese 


347 

j gentlemen, vii, 157; directs the discharge 
of some ‘pressed’ seamen, 171 ; concessions 
desired by the Portuguese from, xiii, 178 ; 
allegiance and fealty sworn by members of 
the Company to, xxii, 88, 1S0-4; screens 
to be presented to, 209, 210 ; warrant for 
trial and execution of prisoner given by, 
xi, 232-3 ; consideration to be had of the 
articles of peace between the United 
Provinces and, 261 ; letter from the King 
of Bantam to, 274, 305 ; present from the 
young King of Bantam to, 295, 305 j De 
Lima appeals to, 290, 295, 304; licence 
granted by, 313; commission for pre- 
vention of interlopers given to the Com- 
pany by, xxv, 31^17. 

Charles, the, 4. 

Chamock, Job, Chief at Patna, 120. 

Charteiparties, clauses to be inserted in, 8, 
9, 206, 270 ; endorsement of, 88, 127, 270; 
goods to be prohibited in, 209, 213, 300, 
304, 308 ; to be signed, 125, 309, 323 ; lost, 
236; agreements in, loi, 135, 220, 226, 227, 
232, 243, 256, 297, 303; obligations of 
ships’ owners in, 248, 2^; alterations to 
be made in, 300, 304. 

Chase, John, 254. 

Cheeses, old Chihire for Bantam, 211. 

Chell, John, 10. 

Chest, Japanese, 208- 

Chester, Thomas, 29. 

Chicheley, Sir Thomas, Master of the King’s 
Ordnance, 104, 144; warrant to, 58; the 
Company to treat about saltpetre with, 
137, 217, 220; buys saltpetre, 171, 172, 
173 ; saltpetre to be delivered to, 173, 231, 
232, 293. 

Child, John, 41, 176. 

Child, John, appointed of Council at Surat, 
158. 

Child, Sir Josia, iv, xxviii, 150, 280; elected 
a 6)mimttee, 40, 176, 2&; services re- 
quired of, 41, 109, 231, 253, 258, 289, 293, 
29^? 303? 309? reports made by, 41, 48; 
stands surety for Dacres, 243 ; adventures 
transferred by and to, 259, 287, 330 (2), 
336 (6), 337 - 

Child, William, 204. 

China, goods for and from, roots, 29, 56, 62, 
84, 99, 145, 200, 272, 295 ; some prohibited, 
88; trade in, 57, 62, 73, 85, 87, 88, 193, 
199, 302, 309; report concerning read, 
295; factors and others at and for, xviii, 
65, 70, 71, 77, 87, 88; advices from, 74, 
199. Amoy and Tsinkiang. 

Chinchew. 5 «Tsinkiang. 

Chintz. Cotton goods. 

Cholmley, John, adventures transferred by 
and to, 331 (3), 33*, 333 (3), 334 (*). 33 S- 



348 COURT MINUTES. ETC. 


Cholmley, Nathaniel, employed to make the 
Company’s investment in diamonds, xxv, 
234 ; to be sent home, 235. 

Chown, George, 273. 

Christ Church Hospital, Governors of, 30, 
313 ; Committees from, inspect Leadenhall 
warehouses, 40, 41, 47, 48, 95 ; ask for help 
towards repair of, 308, 309; this is ac- 
corded, 313. 

Christopher, Anthony, 337. 

Churchley, Thomas, 260. 

Cinnamon de matt, and trambon, 87. 

City Lands, Committee for, 95. 

Clapham, 202. 

Clarges, Sir Thomas, 87. 

Clark, Abraham, 330 (2). 

Clark, Sir Francis, 66, 237. 

Clark, John, carpenter, 108, 115. 

Clark, Mary, 334. 

Clark, Thomas, assistant to South, 35, 41, 
176, 228, 

Clavel, Walter, Chief at Hugli, 119, 123, 124. 

Clayton, Dame Mary, 334. 

Clayton, Thomas, doorkeeper, 41, 100. 

Cleave, — , 88. 

Clegat, — , 21 1. 

Clements Inn, 104. 

Clerke, Colonel John, elected a Committee, 
176, 268; services required of, 250, 253, 
276, 281, 302. 

Clerke, — , 202. 

Cliffe, Humfrey, 277, 278. 

Clifford, Lord Thomas, Lord High Treasurer, 
letter from, read, 213. 

Cloberry, Sir John, 34, 248. 

Clobeny, Colonel, 190. 

Cloth, from Worcester, 54; red cloth from 
the Bay, 93; from Malda, in, fine 
coloured, and scarlet, 203, 205, 219, 325; 
cloth rashes, 203 ; sail cloth, 255 ; cloth for 
the King of T3rwan, 295. 

Clutterbuck, Sir Thomas, 152, 224. 

Coal, to be sent to Fort St. George, 300. 

Coats, Thomas, 54. 

Cockdne, Thomas, 34. 

Coffee, xxvii, 82, 140, 221 ; price of and cus- 
toms on, 223, 290; sales of, 84, 155, 207, 
292. 

Coinage. 5 ?^ Bombay. 

Cole, Geoige, 143, 335. 

Cole, Rev. Thomas, 282, 283. 

Col^arbour, 39. 

Coles, Benjamin, 329, 330, 333. 

Coles, Daniel, assistant to Cossen, 35, 41, 80, 
176. 

Coles, Elisha, xii, 128, 128 n. 

Coles, Elisha, assistant to Blackbome, 41, 
176, 237, 314. 

Coles, Thomas, 336. 


Collier, Elizabeth, 30, 211. 

Collier, Captain Jonas, 186, 187. 

Collins, Elizabeth, 239. 

CoUins, Thomas, 50, 55, 57, 296. 

Collins, Thomas, Junior, 239. 

Colson, Edward, 83, 89. 

Colstone, John, 149. 

Committers. See Cotton goods. 

Commons, House of, 100, 152, 228, 267; 
Speaker of, see Seymour, Edward, and 
Gregory, Sarjeant; clerk of, see Golds- 
borough, William. 

Compton, Henry, Bishop of London, letter 
from, read, 125. 

Cong. See Kongun. 

Cooke, Abigail, 77. 

Cooke, Edward, 146. 

Cooke, George, 87, 146, 156. 

Cooke, Hugh, 198, 201. 

Cooke, Sir Humphrey, Governor of Bombay, 
xiii, 9, 78 ; his capitulation of, 15, 20, 26. 

Cooke, Captain James, commander of the 
East India Merchant, 17, 212 ; of the Anne, 
243, 251, 253; appointed Vice-Admiral, 
252 ; letter to, 257. 

Cooke, John, 268, 325; adventures trans- 
ferred to, 333, 334, 335, 337. 

Cooke, Nicholas, 334. 

Cooke, Peter, 55, 77. 

Cooke, Ralph, 145, 219. 

Cooke, Richard, 189, 190. 

Cooke, Captain Richard, commander of the 
President, 308. 

Cooke, Robert, 99, 331. 

Cooke, Thomas, 202, 276, 278, 334 (2). 

Cooley (or Cowley), Captain Robert, com- 
mander of the Success, 217, 227, 230; 
appointed Vice-Admiral, 240; letter to, 
241 (2). 

Cooper, Sir Anthony Ashley, Earl of Shaftes- 
bury, Lord Chancellor, 172, 173. 

Cooper, Isabel, 293. 

Cooper, John, 88. 

Cooper, Francis, 143. 

Cooper, Mary, 249, 259* 

Cooper, — , 210. 

Copeland, Phyllis, 293. 

Copper, 2, 272; from Barbary, 7; to be 
bought, 45> 46, 52, 244; plates, 45 > 211, 
303 ; Swedish Ungar plates, 42, 45 (2), 46, 
52, 292 ; price of, 45, 46, 52 ; petties, 86, 87. 

Coral, Grezio, and lUcadutti to be bought, 
49 » 52» S3» 72, 81, 89, 280, 287 ; price of, 49, 
52, 53, 293; directions for packing, and 
lading, 72, 114, 292, 312 ; lost, 167 ; beads, 
49> 53» 7o> 72, 255, 260; branches, 209; 
ounce coral, 167. 

Corbet, Francis, 68, 71. 

Coromandel Coast, the (see also Madras, 



INDEX 


349 


Masulipatam, &c.) ships and stock for, i, 
76, 81, 117, 123, 198, 205, 226, 237, 240, 
286, 300, 303, 308; Committee for the 
Coast and Bay, matters referred to, 63, 
75> 80, 95, 96, 196, 197, 208, 210, 237, 
239, 251, 296, 303, 308, 312; report from, 
81, 83, 203, 205, 226, 286; advices from, 
read, 74, 208, 296; to, 123, 308 ; disorders 
at, X, 74, 75. 

Coroner, the, 109. 

Cossaes. See Cotton goods. 

Cossen, Peter, Auditor to the Company, 3, 
4, 17, 36, 66; services required of, 35, 37, 
76, 80 (2), 105, 1 16, 142, 158, 172, 174, 
210, 286 (2); re-election and salary, 41, 
179 ; takes exception to the Surat and Fort 
books, 17, 36, 312; complaints against, 
177 ; report concerning read, 179, 247 ; his 
work to be considered, 237; his assistant, 
see Coles, Daniel. 

Cotton and other piece goods; adathaies, 
295; allejaes, 6, 29, 84, i55j 255^ 295; 
baftas, 7, 29, 34, 35, 66, 84, r55, 203 (2), 
207, 210 (2), 2ri (2), 215, 255, 267, 292, 
313; bettellees, 29, 84, 155, 207, 255, 295; 
brawles, 29, 84, 155> 207, 255, 292; by- 

. rampauts, 29, 207, 2 55, 292 ; calloway poos, 
255> 295 ; catchees, 292 ; chintz, 29, 31, 32, 
84, 155, 207, 255, 256, 292, 300, 323 ; kaddy 
chintz, 84, 155, 207, 255, 292; Serung 
chintz, 84, 155, 207, 255, 292 ; committers, 
84, 155, 249; cossaes, 29, 84, 107, 155, 
207, 293; culgees, 207, 255, 256, 294; cut- 
tanees, 256; derebauds, 29, 84, r43, 155, 
207, 255, 292 ; diaper, 29, 295 ; dodammes, 
295 ,* dungarees, 29, 84, 155, 207, 255, 283, 
292, 295; favindine musters, 84; geelings, 
202; ginghams, 29, 77, 84, 143, I45> 155» 
172, 207, 255, 261, 295; gobers, 84, 155, 
292; gongaselos, 295; hockins, 84, 255, 
292; huinhums, 29, 84, 155, 255, 295; 
izzarees, 29, 155, 207, 255, 295; jellolsie^ 
207, 255; longdoth, 29, ^ 155, 207, 255, 
289, 295; luawha, 155; morees, 29, 84, 
207, 255, 295; mulmuls, 84, 155, 173, 
207, 255, 295, 322; neckcloths, 29, 84, 
IS5» 255 ; niccanees, 29, 84, 207, 255, 292 ; 
nillaes, 29, 35, 84, 143> 207, 255, 

29s; parcallaes, 29, 84, 155, 207, 255, 295 ; 
pautkaes, 29, 66, 69, 84, 155, 207, 255, 260, 
292; peelongs, 84, 87, 88 (2), 97, 99 (2), 
104, 108, 115, 155, 207, 255; peniascoes, 
84 ; rehms, 295 ; romals, 84, 155, 207, 255, 
295; sacerguntes, 207, 255, 295; saderun- 
cheras, 255, 295; salampores, 29, 84, 155, 
255f 295; sannoes, 9, 12, 29, 77, 84, 155, 
203, 207, 255, 295; savaguzzees, 29, 50, 84, 
115, 121, 155, 207, 255, 292; sheerbands, 
84, 295; shashees, 84; showes, 84, 255; 


tanjebs, 207, 255, 295; tappy serasses, 
84; tapseils, 29, 50, 84, 118, 155, 207, 255, 
292. 

Cotton, Thomas, 280. 

Courtney, Hugh, 144. 

Courts, of Committees, of election, 
175 ; queries concerning, 19, 22, 24, 25, 30; 
general, 25, 40 (2), 136, 175 (2), 214, 267, 
268, 290, 291, 299; orders concerning, 30, 
289; of Sales, 29, 64, 84, 155, 207-8, 255, 
292, 295; adjourned, 297; directions and 
orders concerning, 5, 76, 196, 198, 206, 
242, 243, 244, 246, 285, 288 (2), 289, 291, 
292, 297. 

Covell, Matthew, 270. 

Coventry, Heniy, Secretary of State, xiii, 
XV, 21 (2), 22, 80, 122, 317; to prepare a 
letter for King Charles to send to the 
Prince Regent of Portugal, 103, 105 ; letter 
from, 1 19; read, 156; letter to, 186; the 
Deputy and others to wait upon, 305. 

Coward, John, ‘the Hamburger*, 192, 224. 

Cowries, 256; sale of, 84, 155, 207, 244, 255, 
292 ; bought by the Guinea Company, 277. 

Cox, !!^ward, 203, 206. 

Coyse, — , 143. 

Cradock, Richard, 45, 50, 51, 332. 

Cradok, Shadrac, 296, 301. 

Crandal, William, 147. 

Crandon, Francis, 208, 321. 

Crandon, John, 74, 83, 208, 322. 

Crandon, Mrs., 315. 

Crane, Joseph, 337. 

Craven, Earl of, 21, 103, 107. 

Craven, Sir William, 107. 

Crawley, Andrew, 324, 325, 326. 

Crawley, Robert, xi, 324, 326. 

Creswell, — , 187. 

Crevat, Captain, commander of the Francis, 
42 , 43 - 

Criminal causes, Trial of, x, 95. 

Crisp, Ellis, 143. 

Crisp, Henry, ^ventures transferred by and 
to, 332. 333. 334- 

Crisp, Thomas, 115, 174, 209, 333. 

Crosby House, 16^ i^. 

Cros^ Charles, loi, 114, 115. 

Cross, Richard, 259. 

Cross, Tbomas, 114. 

Cross, Thomas, Junior, 114. 

Crou^ William, 238. 

Grover, Captain Matthew, commander of the 
Mary, 171, 174, 203 ; petition from, 185, 
201, 284 ; payment to, 188, 223, 284, 285. 

Crowdier, John, 280. 

Crowther, Tweeie, his debt to the Company, 
153.192,222,226. 

Cruft, Captain William, commander of the 
Unity, 294. 



350 


COURT MINUTES, ETC. 


Crutched Friars, 231, 248. 

Cubebs, 286. 

Cubett, Captain Miles, 260. 

Cudworth, John, 292, 336, 337. 

Culgees. See Cotton goods. 

Cullen, Abraham, 249, 

Cullen, John, 249, 329, 

Cullen, Nicholas, 6. 

Cullen, Peter, 334, 335. 

Cully, Abraham, 335, 336. 

CuUy, John, 334, 335 . SS^- 

Culpepper’s ‘Dispensatory’, xii, 132. 

Curtis, Norton, 327. 

Customhouse, the, 77, 285; gratuities to be 
presented to officers of, 125, 237, 238. 

Customs, on East Indian goods, 137, 140, 
145, 146, 204, 213, 214, 219, 22$, 339; 
officers of, pa3mient to, 47, 48, 73, 186, 
324; spice to be presented to, 123, 235, 
318; gold and silver seized by, 319, 320; 
Commissioners of, 73, 223, 236; warrants 
to, 96, 155, 171, 219 ; Cashier and Receiver- 
General of, see Mounteney, Richard, and 
Kent, Richard; ComptroUer-Generd of, 
see Lytcot, Giles. 

Cuttanees. See Cotton goods. 


Dacca, 119, 120, 338; Chief at, see Hervey, 
Samuel. 

Da Costa, Alvaro, diamonds bought by, 
202, 203, 204 ; payment to, 250, 251 ; trans- 
fers adventure, 334, 336. 

Dacres, Sir Henry, former Agent at Bantam, 
xix, 48, 54, 91 ; Company’s charge against 
and demands from, 57, 58, 67, 76, 80, 89, 
154, 15s, 306; referred to arbitration, 123, 
168, 192; to Moses, 236; his answer to 
requested, 105; given in, 123; provides 
guns, 130 ; to be sued, 238 ; pleads illness, 
243; his account, 208; his adventure 
assigned to the Company, 259 ; transferred 
to Sir Josia Child, 259, 287 ; release to be 
given to, 268; adventure transferred by 
and to, 335 (2). 

Dacres, John, 138, 217, 259; the Company’s 
demands from, 142, 287. 

Dalton, — f 262. 

Damask, 87 (2), 208. 

Danby, Earl of. See Osborne, Sir Thomas. 

Danes, xvi, 122. 

D^el, Captain John, 242, 254; commander 
of the New London, 252 ; appointed Rear- 
Admiral, 1:52 ; letter to, 257. 

Daniel, Lambert, 67, 283, 284. 

Daniel, Mary, 333 (3). 

Daniel, Peter, adventures transferred by and 
to, 330, 331. 333 ( 2 )» 33 ^- 

Daniel, William, 68, 

Darley, Joshua, 203, 206, 287, 291. 


Damelly, Samuel, 248. 

Dashwood, — , 55, 242, 250. 

Davadge, Katherine, 333, 336. 

Davadge, Richard, 336. 

Daval, Anne, 329 (3). 

Daval, Thomas, 29, adventures transferred 
by and to, 329, 331, 332 (3). 

Davenport, Francis, 296, 301, 

David, Jacob, 320. 

Davies, Francis, 259. 

Davies, Grace, 268. 

Davies, John, 314. 

Davies, Thomas, Lord Mayor (1677), 45, 326. 

Davis, Robert, 124. 

Davison, Judith, 329, 334 (2). 

Davison, Michael, 8. 

Davison, Richard, 14. 

Dawes, Lady Anne, 84, 114. 

Dawson, Joseph, 333. 

Day, George, 8, 23, 249. 

Day, Thomas, 217. 

Deal, 39, 42; letters dated from, 122, 170, 
196. 

Deaves, Daniel, 144. 

Deeiing, — , 246, 248. 

Delawne, Benjamin, 67, 83, 88; Chief in 
China, xviii, 70 (2), 97 (2) ; his securities, 
68, 83 ; admitted to the freedom, 90; per- 
mitted to export rials, 97, 313. 

De Lima, Manuel Brandon, 289 ; murders his 
servant, x, xi, 233, 295; is sent to Eng- 
land, 290; petitions I^ng Charles, 290, 
295, 304 ; the Company petitions the Kmg 
concerning, 293, 295. 

De Liz, Francis, 17, 254. 

De Liz, Rachael, 17, 

Delillers, Isaac, 291, 333. 

Delillers, Mary, 337. 

Dell, John, 144, 303. 

Delme, — , 187. 

De Medina, Solomon, 280, 

De Mello, Don Francisco, Portuguese Am- 
bassador to England, 178; memorial to 
King Charles from, xiii, xiv, xv, 13-14; 
referred to, 58, 6i (2), 64, 78. 

Denew, — , 158, 273. 

Denham, John, 156, 

Denish, William, 64. 

Deptford, 68. 

Derebauds. See Cotton goods. 

Derham, — , Receiver-General for the Lon- 
don Poll tax, 187 (2). 

Dethick, Gilbert, 263. 

Dethick, Thomas, 292. 

I^ewy, Josia, 28. 

Dharangaon, 338 

Diamonds, xxiv, xxv, 223, 229; to be de- 
livered at the Company’s House, 64, 73, 
loi, 144, 195, 197, 197, 285, 288; orders 



INDEX 


concerning, loi, 195, 198, 202 (2), 203, 
208, 212, 220, 234, 280, 282, 285; deli- 
vered to Samuel Sambrooke, 102, 105; 
consigned to Jacob Aboab, 190, 195; 
brought from Fort St- George for account 
of Kisi Viranna, 191 (2) ; freight payable 
on, 66 (2), 1 18, 191, 204 (2), 20S, 220, 221, 
234» 236, 249, 254, 282 (2), 287, 325; 
consideration of the trade in, xxv, 204, 
230, 235, 236, 299, 300; rise in the price of, 
xxv, 210, 234; two English men skilled in 
the knowle^e of to go to the Indies to buy, 
xxv, 234, 23s ; from Surat, 249, 292 ; from 
Goa, 282, 287; exempted from payment 
of freight, 201, 312. 

Diaper. See Cotton goods. 

Dickins, Captain, commander of the Wool‘ 
wich, 195, 295, 299. 

Dickins, John, 259, 260. 

Dickinson, Thomas, 271. 

Dinfervill, Henry, loi. 

Dividends, 7, 32, 55, 66, 85, 263; of twenty 
per cent, iv, 19, 25, 32, 89, 288, 291, 296, 
299 ; orders concerning, 296, 300 ; warrants 
for, 22, 29, 96, 288, 291, 299, 300 ; claimed, 
56; of half per cent in ginghams, iv, 142, 
143, 172, 173, 174, 175; consideration as 
to lie issue of, 257, 258, 259, 267-8. 

Dodammes. 5 ee Cotton goods. 

Doget, John, 40, 331. 

Dolens, Abraham, adventures transferred by, 
330 ( 2 )» 33 i» 33 *. 333 . 33 S( 2 )> 336 ; to .332 

Dollars, export of, 6, 16, 32, 95, 97, 106, 124, 
139^ 223; Mexico and Seville, 35, 36, 95, 
159, 311 ; rate of exchange for, 32, 193, 
270 ; rix dollars, 46, 52. 

Doughty, — , concerning goods bought by, 
154, 170, 179, 184, 185. 

Douglas, Robert, 2r7. 

Dover, Daniel, 34. 

Doyly, Deputy, 40. 

Doyly, Thomas, rpo, 280. 

Drake, John, 335. 

Drake, Timothy, 329, 335. 

Drax^ Meliora, 330. 

Drax, Ursula, 330 (2), 335, 336. 

Drugs, xxvii, 82, ri7, 203, 221, 250; for sale, 
r44, 199, 289. 

Dubois, John, 334 (2), 337 (2). 

Ducane, Benjamin, 335. 

Dudley, William, 293. 

Duke of York, xxvii. 

Duncan, Andrew, 30, 135. 

Duncan, James, 331. 

Duncan, Peter, 331. 

Duncomb, Charles, 56, 330. 

Dungarees. See Cotton goods. 

Dungom, 338 n. 

Dunkin, Michael, 32, 57. 


Dunston, Thomas, 48. 

Dupree, Daniel, 200. 

Durant, Alice, 204, 205. 

Durant, Thomas, 205. 

Dutch, the, 85, 274 ; approach of their fleet 
to l^mbay, 10, 81 ; their ships, 63, 192 ; 
their trade in pepper, 92, 93 ; J^st India 
Company, letter from the English Com- 
pany to ie Directois of the, 206-7 J war 
feared between the King of Bantam and, 
xix, 261, 271, 272, 273; their loss through 
the storm at JIasulipatam, 302 ; trade of in 
Bengal, xvi ; their trade with Japan, xvii. 

Duteel, Lady, 107, 177, 278, 

Dwyne, Henry, 100, 104, 

Dyer, Elizabeth, 243, 246. 

Dyer, George, 195. 

Eagle, the, 294 ; commander of, see Bonnell, 
Captain James, 144; Hoisman, Captain 
Nathaniel, 145, 165, 277 ; to go to Bantam, 

vii, I, 76, 80, 124, 135 ; the Coast and Bay, 

viii, I, 145, 165, 166, 293, 294, 318; her 
owners, payment to, 133, 175, 269, 304; 
permitted to ship out bullion, 168, 314; 
damaged pepper returned to, 270; wine, 
&c., shipped in, 50, 73, 76, 79. 93> i44» 155^ 
156, 185, 194, 301, 309. 312# 519^ 320; inen 
serving in, 50, 277, 314 ; her return, 82 ; to 
be surveyed, 297 ; unauthorized passengers 
hi, 319, 320, 321 ; gold and silver seized 
from abroad, 319, 320. 

Earning, Captain Anthony, commander of 
the Sarr^son, 6, 106. 

Earning, Captain Nehemiah, commander of 
the George, 2, 24, 33, 210, 227, 230; to 
attend the Court, 215; report concerning 
desired, 215; payment to, 236; letter to, 
241 ; appointed Rear-Admiral, 240. 

Earning, Susannah, 329, 331. 

Eason, John, 57. 

Eason, Thomas, 58. 

East India Company, the (see also Fourth 
Joint Stock, General Joint Stock, and 
United Joint Stock) ; Governor, see Heme, 
Sir Nathaniel, and Tlicwnson, Sir William ; 
Deputy-Governor, see Edwards, Sir James, 
and Thomson, Major Robert ; Accountant- 
General, see Beyer, Francis ; Attorney, see 
Heme, Basil; Auditor, see Cossen, Peter; 
Beadle see Harris, Richard ; Ca^er- 
General, see Edwin, Humphrey ; Husband, 
see Spiigg, Thomas, and Thomson, Fran- 
cis; Secretary, see Blackbome, Robert; 
Solicitor, see Moses, William: General 
Ledger and Journal of, i ; Lists of Docu- 
ments sealed, i ; men admitted to the free- 
dom of, passim ; obstmcted in trade by the 
Portuguese, see Portuguese, the; orders 



COURT MINUTES, ETC. 


concerning their factors and others, xxi, 
S, 43, 83, 88 (2), 99 (2), 100, loi, 107, no, 
1 16, 1 1 7, 145, 191, 194, 199# 226, 228, 244, 
281 ; orders to their factors, &c., 35, 37, 
38, 150, 151, 208, 307, 318 ; election of their 
officers, X, 41, 176, 177; letters from, to 
their Ag^ents and Captains, passim; to the 
Governor and Council of St. Helena, xx, 
36-7, 158-165, 223-4, 275-6 ; to the Lords 
Committees for Trade and Plantations, 
78-9; to the King of Bantam, 91-2, 128-9, 
274; to Pangeran Kedule, 94; to the 
Directors of 3 ie Netherlands East India 
Company, 206-7 ; their seal, to be affixed 
to documents, leases, &c., 5, 12, 35, 36, 
48, 69, 90, 125 (2), 126, 161, 221, 223, 225, 
226, 268, 279, 288, 290, 318 (2); assess- 
ment of, 43, 44, 45, 47 ; suits in Chancery 
against, 7, 28, 36, 41, 4^, 47, 48, 87, 118; 
Sambrooke to be sued by, 8, 32, 51, 55, 56, 
57, 60; petition the King, 5, 21-2, 130-1 ; 
petition the Lords Committees for Trade 
and Plantations, 14--15; reply of Alvaro 
Perez to, 9-11 ; decision and order concern- 
ing, 125-6; petition and submission of 
Alvaro Perez to, 97, 98, 99, 141 ; Breviate 
of their Memorial touching Bombay, 15; 
their trade there may prove fruitless, 102, 
103 ; dividends issued by, iv, 19, 25, 29, 32, 
89, 288, 291, 296, 299 ; their Almshouse, 
Poplar; Charter granted by King Charles 
to, referred to, 14, 51, 61, 66, 107, 137, 146, 
225, 233 (2), 316, 317, 318, 326; Charter 
desired from the King by, x, 95 ; letters 
patent from the King to, referred to, xii, 
149, 221, 225, 231; a stock of money for 
charitable purposes and spread of the 
Gospel to be raised by, xxii, 23, 89, 268, 
296, 355; gratuities to be given to the 
Governor, Deputy, and Committees of, iv, 
V, 25, 31, 176, 291 ; warehouses for, 12, 29, 
3 ^, 39, 4i> 168, 170, 171, 186, 188 (2), 189, 
190, 191, 199, 231 ; their clerks admonished 
for frequenting playhouses, &c., xxvi, 244 ; 
secrecy enjoined concerning their business, 
240, 250 ; ships sent to India, by, vii, viii, i, 
76, 99; orders concerning, 88, 100, 107; 
offered for service to, 68, 104, 106, 134; 
entertained by, 55, 56, 65, 198, 293, 294; 
to be built for, 278, 293, 315, 323 ; orders 
to officers and men of, vii, 19, 23, 36, 37, 
43, 62, 80, loi (2), 117, 118 (2), 124, 125, 
126, 132, 133, 134, 206, 209, 218, 226, 312, 
313, 314, 318, 321 ; three-decked ships to 
be employed for 16 years by, ix, 43 ; home- 
ward ships to leave Madras and Surat each 
year on January 20, ix, 308; pay of 
mmiueis, ix, 243; apprentices in ships of, 
vii, 117-18 ; order obtained from the King 


for convoy of, 134, 157, 167, 170, 173, 
186, 191, 215, 319, 320, 323; gratuities 
given to the commanders of the convoy, 

191, 192 ; warrant to, 44, 104, 137 ; notes 

on their trade, &c., 85; letters to, from 
Treasurer Danby, 134, 135, 136, 213 (2), 
214; from Surat, 244-5; Bombay, 
245-6; their arguments for abating the 
price of and duty on pepper, xix, 92-3; 
decide to pay for the discovery of bullion 
shipped without licence, xxiv, 126 ; money 
desired from and lent to the King, v-vii, 
134-7, ^45, 146, 152^ i 79 » 192, 211, 

213, 214 (2), 215, 219, 221, 224, 225, 
228 (2) ; repayment of, 66, 172, 173, 179, 

192, 204, 213, 214, 215, 221, 223, 225, 229, 
231, 277 ; their great debt, iv, vi, 136, 259, 
268, 277, 299, 339 ; debts and money owing 
to, 189, 190, 195, 226, 256, 260, 274, 277, 
280, 301, 315, 324, 325; orders concerning 
debts, 189, 222, 260, 280; estimate of their 
debts to be drawn up, 256, 258; report 
concerning, v, 258, 259 (2) ; proposal to 
reduce the interest they pay, iv, 259 (2), 
267, 297, 298, 299; inquiry concerning 
their capital stocks, 176 ; valuation of their 
stock at home and abroad, v, 193, 201, 
338-40 ; rules and directions for manage- 
ment of their affairs to be copied into a 
book to be kept for that purpose, xxvii, 
204; oaths taken by members of, xxii, 
179-184; orders concerning private trade, 
see Private Trade ; orders concerning 
attendance at Courts of Committees, 
xxviii, 220; great charge of the several 
factories in the Indies, 253 ; advantages of 
investing in, 288 ; to show cause why De 
Lima is not capable of the King’s mercy, 
304; additional rules and orders to be 
observed by their factors, xxiii, 310, 31 1 ; 
proposals touching their trade, 312; com- 
mission to prevent interlopers given by the 
King to, 316-17; commission sent by 
them to their Agents, &c., 317-18; pro- 
posal to recall from the Indies all who have 
left their service, 322. 

East India House, xxvi, 54, 60, 64, 69; 
repairs, &c., to, 4, 185, 219, 286, 315 ; fire 
engine to be kept at, 19 ; jewels and fine 
goods to be sent to, 64, 73, loi, 144, 195, 
197, 285, 288; diamonds sold at, 195; 
motion for better security for money and 
bullion kept at, 214; a place for showing 
samples of cloth to be made in the garden 
at, 244; notices to be put up at, 298; 
room of the Paymaster of the Mariners 
in, ix, 278, 279. 

East India Merchant, the, ii, 18 (2) ; com- 
mander of, see Cooke, Captain James ; her 



INDEX 353 


owners, 17, 203 ; payment to, 14, 172, 188, 
201; goods, &c., shipped in, 5, 17, 152, 
163, 174, 199; to go to Bantam, 17, 18; 
returns, 152. 

Eaton, — , 97. 

Ebume, Richard, 44, 75. 

Edmonds, Alderman Simon, 264. 

Edmondson, Richard, 34, 35. 

Edwards, Daniel, 271. 

Edwards, Sir James, Deputy Governor, 45, 
175 j gratuity given to v, 25, 175 ; services 
required of, 4, 22, 24, 39, 45, 67, 125, 190, 
217; quilts bought by, 33, 38; re-elected 
Deputy Governor, iv, 40 ; elected a Com- 
mittee, 176; transfers adventure, 334 (2), 
337 (2) ; Lord Mayor (1679). 

Edwards, John, 54. 

Edwards, Rebecca, 50, 54, 135. 

Edwards, Richard, 120, 121. 

Edwin, Humphrey, Cashier-General to the 
Company, 66, 77, 205, 287 ; re-election and 
salary, 41, 176; money deposited with, 
105, 339; diamonds, &c., to be delivered to, 
144, 197, 2S0, 285, 288; services required 
of, 83 (2), 155, 156, 172, 193, 204, 288, 294, 
298, 313 ; payment to, 37, 259; adventures 
transferred by, 329, 331, 336 (2); to, 329, 
331 <2)» 332> S33f 334, 335 (3), 337- 

Ekins, John, 140. 

Eleex, William, 153. 

Eleph^t, aboard ship, 153. 

Elford, Aime, 3, 128, 239. 

Elkin, 339. 

Elkin, — , soldier, 326. 

Elliott, Dr., 293, 309, 337. 

Elliott, John, 89, 90. 

Elliott, Mary, 301. 

Elliott, Richard, 212, 221. 

Elliott, Simon, 296, 300. 

EUiston, — , 193. 

EUot, Paul, 325. 

EUwaies, — 132. 

Elwes, Robert, 198, 201. 

Elson, William, 201. 

Ely, Edward, assistant to Captain Prowd, 
134, 242 ; payment to, 15, 16, 246 ; services 
requir^ of, 82, 343, 297. 

English, John, charge against, 48, 57, 58, 67, 
76, 142, 215, 287 j his account, 259. 

Ernie, Captain Sir John, 103. 

Erwin, Captain George, commander of the 
New London, 4, 6 ; his widow, see Erwin, 
Mary. 

Erwin, Mary, payment to, 250, 254, 268. 

Escritoire, Japanese, 208. 

Essex, Earl of. See Capel, Arthur. 

Evans, Edward, 47, 189, 194; entertained as 
Surveyor of private trade, 96, 177; de- 
ceased, 212. 

4372 A 


Evans, John, 128. 

Evans, curate of Thistle worth, 82; elected 

chaplain for Bengal, 106; desires certain 
books, 3r2. 

Evans, Michael, 329 (4). 

Evans, Susan, 329 (4). 

Evelyn, John, 34. 

Evets, Mary, 209, 

Exchange, the. See Royal Exchange, the. 

Exchequer, the {see also Treasury) Chan- 
cellor of, 21 ; money to be paid into, 187 ; 
warrant to the commissioners of, 142; 
tallies to be struck at, 225. 

Exeter, stuffs from, 205. 

Es^ectaiion, the, vii, 67, 76, 87 ; commander 
of, see Owen, Captain Nathaniel, 43 ; to go 
to Bantam, vii, i, 76, 77; her owners, 
damaged pepper to be returned to, 43, 
73, 2^; orders to, 80; payment to, 43, 46, 
48, 67, 117, 268, 289; offered for further 
service, 43 ; to be surveyed, 77 ; approved, 
82; goiis, &c., shipped in, 83, 86, 92, 94, 
95^ 99> 257, 267, 274, 287 ; men serving 

in, 101 ; in danger of being burnt, 274. 

Expectation, the, commander of, see Alley, 
William, 316, 317. 

Eyles, John, 24, 74, 77, 174. 

Faircliff, Humphrey, Surveyor of Private 
Trade, 43. 44 ^ 9 ^- 

Falcon, the, vii, 76, 301, 319 ; commander of, 
see Stafford, Captain John, and Ledger, 
Captain Edward ; to go to Bantam and the 
Coast, viii, i, 76, 100, 107, 294, 296, 297, 
308, 319; to the Bay, vii, 124, 127, 129, 
135; goods and money shipped in, 73, 76, 
80, 144, 288, 308, 310, 31 1, 313 ; her return, 
82; men serving in, 1 14, 310; gratuity given 
to her owners, &c., xvi, 135, 298, 299; 
310; payment to, 80, 8^ 126, 128, 175; 
291, 297, 31 1 ; offered for further service, 
291, 294; to be surveyed, 297; to be priced, 
289. 

Falconbeige (Fauconbeig), Lord, 61. 

Falmouth, 14, 104; letters dated from, 40^ 
59, 194; collectors of H.M. Customs at, to 
be employed by the Company, 115. 

Fan% sold, 292. 

Faringdon, Daniel, 152, 332. 

Faiin^on, Thomasj, 336 (2), 337 (2). 

Fanner, John, 210, 212. 

Farr, John, 210. 

Farrer, John, 5, 329. 

Farrer, Rebeck, 329. 

Favindine musters. See Cotton goods. 

Ferdinand, — , 260. 

Ferguson, Robert, given a gratuity for a 
treatise on The East India Trade*, xxvii, 
12. 
a 



COURT MINUTES, ETC. 


Fermm, Thomas, 292, 331. 

Ferrers, Lord Robert, 239, 324. 

Field, Friswith, 45 * ^991 payment to, 48, 
136, 201, 237, 253; petitions from, 115, 
143, 189. 

Field, Captain Gregory, Governor of St. 
Helena, 165; requests that part of his 
salary may be paid to his wife, 45, 136 ; to 
be removed, xx, 148, 149 ; discharged, 158 ; 
letter and papers from, read, 150; his 
account to be examined, 199, 251, 259; 
pa)rment to, 370; his wife, see Field, Fris- 
with. 

Field, John, in, 116, 198, 206. 

Finch, Sir John, 103. . 

Fire engine, 19. 

Fisher, Edward, surgeon at Bantam, 249, 
278, 281. 

Fisher, Richard, 276. 

Fisher, Captain Robert, commander of the 
Berkeley Castle, 64, 75, 139 ; offers her for 
further service, 69 ; pa37ment to, 125, 

Fisher, William, 204, 249. 

Fitch, Thomas, 179, 186. 

Flags, orders concerning, 17, 24, 127, 128, 
130, 143, 166, 222, 240, 241, 252, 271, 318, 

319- 

Flavell, —, 239. 

Flawes, Captain, 169. 

Fleetwood, Robert, 125, 218, 270, 

Fletcher, Humphrey, 214. 

Floate, John, 42. 

Floretta yam, 24, 29, 84; silk, 42. 

Flower, Stephen, 67, 209. 

Floyd, Thomas, 47. 

Flying Eagle, the, men serving in, 38, 74, 
136, 144, 303 ; to be sold, xviii, 306. 

Foote, Margaret, payment to, 37. 

Foote, Richard, 331. 

Foote, Samuel, 2, 7, 37 ; his wife, see Foote, 
Margaret. 

Ford, Sir Henry, 255. 

Fordin, Daniel, 83. 

Foreign Affairs, Lords Committees for, report 
on Bombay from, xiii, 3, 5 ; Bombay and 
Surat Committees to wait on, 5 (2) ; report 
from, awaited, 178. 

Foresight, the, 134; commander of, see 
Gardner, Captain. 

Formosa. SeeTyyr2Ji, 

Formosa Frigate, the, xviii, 306 ; men serving 
in, 296, 301, 324. 

Fort St. Gwrge {see also Madras), Agent at, 
see Master, Stre3msham ; chaplain at, see 
Warner, Patrick ; schoolmaster at, see Ord, 
Ralph; advices from and to, x, 6, 63, 73, 
III (2), 116, 120, 121, 195 (2), 199, 232, 
238, 251, 256, 257, 285, 296, 297, 303, 307 ; 
charter desired for criminal cases to be 


tried at, x, 95 ; soldiers at and for, xii, 108, 
227, 238 {2), 305, 326; concerning forti- 
fications at, xii. III, 130, 193, 241; coun- 
cil at, 120 ; to send money to Dacca and 
Malda, 119; ships, goods, and money for, 
vii, viii, 123, 256, 306, 326; factors and 
others at and for, 124, 205, 221, 222, 233, 
236, 237, 238, 239 (2), 289, 321, 326; rules 
concerning, 310, 311 ; books to be sent to, 
xi, xii, 128, 132, 307 ; salute of guns from 
and to vessels arriving at, 154; diamonds 
from, 19 1, 192 ; to be made the mart for, 
235 ; gunners* stores for, 230, 306 ; murder 
at, X, 233, 290, 295 ; warrant for trial and 
execution of prisoner at, 233 (2) ; Royal 
commission granted to, 239-40; orna- 
ments, &c., sent for the new church (St. 
Mary*s) at, xii, 286; additional coal for, 
300; rules concerning private trade to be 
sent to, 302; exception taken to books 
and consultations of, 312; valuation of 
dead and quick stock at, 338. 

Fortune, the, 40. 

Foster, Charles, 333. 

Foster, Christopher, 334. 

Foster, Luke, 280. 

Fourth Joint Stock, the, 264, 265. 

France, iii, 18. 

Francis, the (Ejng*s ship), 42 ; commander 
of, see Crevat, Captain. 

Frederick, Sir John, 89, 242. 

Frederick, Thomas, 336, 337. 

Freestone, the, 207, 

Fremlen, .William, former President at Surat 
(1639-44), 263, 264. 

French fleet, dispatch of, xx, 36; French 
Admiral applied to by Alvaro Perez, 79, 
98. 

Frey, Susannah, 266. 

Frith, Charles, 74. 

Frith, John, 69, 74, 

Frost, the great, 45. 

Fulford, George, 280. 

Galingal, 286, 292. 

Ganges, the, young seamen to be employed 
on. III ; ships to sail up, xvi, 124, 126, 127 ; 
allowance to be given for this, 135, 298, 
299 ; map of (1748), reference to, xvi. 

Gardner, Captain, commander of the Fore^ 
sight, 134. 

Gargon, John, 309. 

Garret, Mary, 68, 77. 

Garret, Thomas, 77, 198, 201. 

Garway, — 288. 

Gary, fcaptain Henry, 78. 

Gascoigne, Sir Bernard, 194. 

Gawden, Arthur, 218. 

Gee, William, 266. 



INDEX 


355 


Geelings. See Cotton goods. 

General Joint Stock, the, 264, 265 ; adven- 
tures in, 8, 25, 29, 31, 96, 202, 217, 247, 
299, 388; fines on, 104, 299; transfer of, 
7 {2), 32 { 3 )> 66, 96, 117, 156, 199, 217, 
259, 287, 293, 314; indulgence granted to, 
307; assessment of, to be paid, 187, 196; 
valuation of, to be drawn up, 177, 179, 
338, 339» 340; read and approved, v, 200, 
201; report concerning the United and, 
216. 

Genoa, 53. 

George, the, commander of, see Smith, Cap- 
tain Samuel, deceased, 22 ; and Earning, 
Captain Nehemiah, 24; to go to Surat, 6, 
16 ; Bantam and Bombay, 24 ; the Coast 
and Bay, vii, 227, 240 ; goods, &c., shipped 
in, 16, 197, 206, 209, 223, 236, 281 ; men 
serving in, 23, 74, 210, 227 ; her return, 
197 ; her owners, 198, permitted to ship 
2,000 Z. in joint stock, 23; payment to, 
204, 209, 234; orders to, 218. 

Gibbs, — , 250. 

Gibson, Richard, 224. 

Gilbert, William, kills John Hartley, x, 233, 

239, 240; to be tried for murder, xi, 239, 

240. 

Giles, Thomas, 314. 

Ginger, sale of, 84, 92, 155; green, 155 (2), 
207, 255, 279, 292, 306; from China, 207, 
255 - 

Ginghams, dividend of i per cent in, iv, 142. 
143, 172, 173, 174, 17s, 22T, see also Cotton 
goo^. 

Glasses, drinking, for Surat, and glass toys, 
203. 

Goa, 17, 21, 178; Viceroy of, 15, 61, 119; the 
Company apply for redress to, 20, 21, 178; 
letter from King Charles to, xii, xiv, 25-8, 
102, 103 ; to King Charles from, referred to, 
212 ; Alvaro Perez applies to, 79, 98. 

Gobers. See Cotton goods. 

Goddaid, John, loi, 126, 128. 

Goddard, Thomas, 100, 128, 145, 332. 

Godfrey, Michael, 330; allow^ to export 
bullion for account of Caesar Chamberlain, 
18, I47» 251, 253. 

Godolphin, Charles, 336. 

Godolphin, Francis, 337. 

Godolphin, Sidnev, 229, 333. 

Godolphin, Sir William, 323, 337. 

Godscall, John, 332 (3). 

Golconda, 198. 

Gold, xxvii, 82 ; export of allowed, 16, iS, 23, 
123, 124, 128, 132, 148, 236 (2), 237, 238, 
325 ; freight for, 281 ; and silver bought 
and weighed, 33, 170 ; Treasury to buy, 95 ; 
stuffs wrought with silver and, 226 ; sei^ 
by Customhouse officers, 319, 320. 


Gold, Anne, 213. 

Gold, James, 301, 337. 

Gold, John, 213. 

Gold, Judith, 337. 

Golden Fleece, the, commander of, see North, 
Captain John, 227 ; her owners, 4, 5 (2), 
6, 7» 3=» I94» 19S, 202, 212; payment to, 
192, 237 ; orders to, 218 ; her account to be 
clo^, 6, 7 ; to go to Bantam, 5, 18, 29, 
33 ; the Coast and Bay, vii, 240 ; at St. 
Helena, 163, 192; men serving in, 14, 227, 
238, 250; goods, &c,, shipped in, 30, 31, 
32, 33» 57» 187, 188, 191, 196, 234, 237; 
her return, 188; passengers in, 31, 192, 
224; to be surve